? As the drawing presents, there is a man walking across the street absorbedly focusing on his cell phone without noticing the surroundings. This sort of phenomenon is not uncommon and rare in some metropolis, especially among the youngsters. ?
? What the picture illustrates is the prevailing situation that has long existed in today's China. That is the mobile phone obsession. With the advent of information age, people are becoming increasingly fascinated on the electronic products, especially the cell phones. Not surprisingly, you could easily notice that most of us are obsessed in sending messages, playing online games with their mobile phones. It cannot be denied that this phenomenon may negatively impact the relationship among people, and therefore they will become estranged and isolated.
? Personally, in view of the overuse of mobile phones, I hold that we individuals should raise the necessary awareness that good relationships are reinforced by sincere and face-to-face communication.
? Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay commenting on the remark “the greatest use of life is to spend it for something that will outlast it.” You can give examples to illustrate your point and then explain what you will do to make your life more meaningful. You should write at least 150 words but no more than 200 words.
? For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay about the impact of information explosion by referring to the saying "a wealth of information creates a poverty of attention". You can cite examples to illustrate your point and then explain what you can do to avoid being distracted by irrelevant information? You should write at least 150 words but no more than 200 words.
? Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay on happiness by referring to the saying “Happiness is not the absence of problems, but the ability to deal with them.” You can cite examples to illustrate your point and then explain how you can develop your ability to deal with problems and be happy. You should write at least 150 words but no more than 200 words.
? How to Live a Meaning Life ? Among all the highlighted topics, there is “how to live a meaning life?” Everyone has his or her own opinion. As the saying has it, “the greatest use of life is to spend it for something that will outlast it.” I cannot agree any more.
? If our life is just to pursue something for ourselves, we will surely feel fruitless and meaningless when we grow old. From Steve Jobs’s bibliography, we can get that the people who are crazy enough to think they can change the world are the ones who do. Steve Jobs has brought a great many changes to our world. His life, although short, definitely outlast. That’s a life worth living.
? Therefore, if there is a way to make my life meaningful, it should be to find something I’m interested in and also helpful to others or the whole society. Only in this way can I keep my passion throughout my life until I finally fulfill my life.
Happiness - Go for it In this long journey we call "life", everybody is in pursuit of happiness and has their own interpretation of happiness. An inspiring idea is that happiness is not the absence of problems, but the ability to deal with them, which reveals the very truth about happiness. It cannot be achieved through waiting, but only through striving. There is no way that life always progresses as we wish. Problems may occur and we find ourselves in trouble, but it doesn't mean we are deprived of happiness. There are numerous examples for us to follow: disabled people overcoming obstacles, patients fighting against disease, poverty-stricken people achieving their dreams - all these inspiring heroes. Their lives are definitely not problem-free, but they have found happiness by courageously solving problems. Therefore, it is essential to develop the ability to deal with problems. We need to muster our courage and confidence to face the fact. Meanwhile, we need to find effective ways to cope with them. In a word, if we stay strong and approach problems effectively, there will be no storm in life that we cannot weather. And after the storm, happiness is within our reach.
? Ways to Get Over Information Explosion As a famous saying goes, “A wealth of information creates a poverty of attention”. Nowadays we are in the Information Age. Some people keep complaining about distraction by the information explosion. ? Admittedly, the new information age has brought us so much convenience that we are allowed to get enough information just with a simple click sitting in front of the computers. Nevertheless, we are also confused, annoyed, distracted and upset by an incredibly large quantity of information. For example, when searching for something online, people are easily carried away by irrelevant information and forget their original plan. Besides, some information often turns out to be useless and is actually advertisement. Therefore, it can be time-consuming and troublesome to search information online. ? Then what we can do to avoid being distracted by irrelevant information? Here I have some useful tips: Firstly, make a list of what you really want before your searching. This will help you to refuse some appealing, yet irrelevant information. Secondly, find some trustful and professional sources or websites and then save and categorize them. In this case, you can easily leave some ads and useless information behind.
? 许多人喜欢中餐，在中国，烹饪不仅 被视为一种技能，而且也被视为一种 艺术。精心准备的中餐既可口又好看 。烹饪技艺和配料在中国各地差别很 大。但好的烹饪都有一个共同点，总 是要考虑到颜色、味道、口感和营养 （nutrition）。由于食物对健康至关重 要，好的厨师总是努力在谷物、肉类 和蔬菜之间取得平衡，所以中餐既美 味又健康。
? Many people are fond of Chinese cuisine. In China. It is not only regarded as a craftsmanship, but also as an art. An exquisitely prepared Chinese cuisine is a feast for both the mouth and the eyes. The culinary skill and dish ingredients vary in different regions of China, but good Chinese cuisines always share something in common, i.e. the color, aroma, taste and nutrition. As food is vital for one’s health, a good chef always tries to strike a balance among grains, meat and vegetables. That’s why Chinese cuisine is tasty and healthy.
? 信息技术（Information Technology） ，正在飞速的发展，中国公民也越来 越重视信息技术，有些学校甚至将信 息技术作为必修课程，对这一现象大 家持不同观点。一部分人认为这是没 有必要的，学生就应该学习传统的课 程。另一部分人认为这是应该的，中 国就应该与时俱进。不管怎样，信息 技术引起广大人民的重视是一件好事 。
? Nowadays, Information Technology is developing rapidly, and Chinese Citizens are putting more emphasis on it. Some schools and universities even make Information Technology one of the compulsory courses. People hold different views on this phenomenon. Some people deem that it is unnecessary to make Information Technology a required course in schools. Students should learn traditional curriculum. While other people think that it should be so, and they hold the attitude that China should keep pace with the times. Anyway, it is a good thing that Information Technology has drawn people’s attention.
? 【原文】“你要茶还是要咖啡？”是用餐人常 被问到的题目，许多西方人会选咖啡，而中 国人会选茶。相传，中国的一位帝王于五千 年前发现了茶，并用来治病。在明清（the Ming and Qing Dynasties）期间，茶馆遍 布全国，饮茶在六世纪传到日本，但直到十 七、十八世纪才传到欧美。如今，茶是世界 上最流行的饮料（beverage）之一，茶是 中国的民族饮品，也是中国传统文化的重要 组成部分。
? "Tea or coffee?" Diners are frequently asked this question. Western people may choose coffee, while Chinese may prefer tea. It is said that 5,000 years ago, an emperor in China discovered tea and used it to cure disease. In the Ming and Qing Dynasty, tea houses could be found all over the country. Tea-drinking was introduced to Japan in the sixth century, but was not introduced to Europe and America until the 17th and 18th century. Up to now, tea has become one of the most popular beverages in the world. It is the national drink of China and an important part of Chinese traditional culture.
? 中国结（the Chinese knot) 最初是由 手工艺人发明的。经过数百年不断的 改造，已经成为一种优雅多彩的艺术 和工艺。在古代，人们用它来记录事 件，但现在主要用于装饰的目的。“结” 在中文里意味着爱情，婚姻和团聚。 中国结常常作为礼物交换或用作饰品 祈求好运和避邪。这种形式的手工艺 （handcraft)代代相传，现在已经在中 国和世界各地越来越受欢迎。
? The Chinese knot is originally invented by the handicraftsman. After several hundred years’ innovation, it has evolved into an elegant and colorful art and craft. In ancient times, it was used for recording events, while now it is mainly a decorative handicraft art. In Chinese, "Knot" means love, marriage and reunion. The Chinese knot is often used as a gift to express good wishes or a talisman to ward off evil spirits. The handcraft has passed on for generations and become more and more popular in China and the world.
? 考点如“由……发明”、“代代相传”、“意 味着”、“世界各地”等等，以及用 “while”表示对比等常见句式， ? “……之一”、“……越来越受欢迎”、“在XX 期间”“XX遍布全国各地”和“意味着……”
? 中国园林是经过三千多年演变而成的独具一 格的园林景观。它既包括为皇室成员享乐而 建造的大型花园，也包括学者、商人和卸任 的政府官员为摆脱嘈杂的外部世界而建造的 私家花园。这些花园构成了一种意在表达人 与自然之间应有的和谐关系的微缩景观。典 型的中国园林四周有围墙，园内有池塘、假 山、树木、花草以及各种各样由蜿蜒的小路 和走廊连接的建筑。漫步在花园中，人们可 以看到一系列精心设计的景观犹如山水画卷 一般展现在面前。
? After 3,000 years of evolvement, Chinese gardens have become a unique landscape. This includes both large gardens built as entertainment venues for royal family, and private gardens built as secluded retreats for scholars, merchants and retired government officials. These gardens have constituted a miniature that is designed in praise of the harmony between man and nature. A typical Chinese garden is surrounded by walls and consists of various buildings linked by winding trails and corridors, with ponds, rockeries, trees, and flowers scattered in it. Wandering in such a well-designed garden, people may feel that they are walking in a landscape painting.
? 闻名于世的丝绸之路是一系列连接东西方的 路线。丝绸之路延伸6,000多公里。得名于 古代中国的丝绸贸易。丝绸之路上的贸易在 中国、南亚、欧洲和中东文明发展中发挥了 重要作用。正是通过丝绸之路，中国的造纸 、火药、指南针、印刷等四大发明才被引介 到世界各地。同样，中国的丝绸、茶叶和瓷 器（porcelain）也传遍全球。物质文化的交 流是双向的。欧洲也通过丝绸之路出口各种 商品和植物，满足中国市场的需要。
? The world-renowned Silk Road is a series of routes connecting the East and the West. It extended more than 6,000 kilometers. The Silk Road was named after ancient China’s silk trade which played an important role in the civilization development of China, South Asia, Europe and the Middle East. It was through the Silk Road that papermaking, gunpowder, compass and printing of the four great inventions of ancient China were introduced around the world. Similarly, Chinese silk, tea and porcelain spread all over the world. Europe also exported various goods and plants through the Silk Road to meet the needs of the Chinese market.
? 中国人自古以来就在中秋时节庆祝丰收，这 与北美地区庆祝感恩节的习俗十分相似，过 中秋节的习俗与唐代早期在中国各地开始流 行，中秋节在农历八月十五，是人们拜月的 节日，这天夜晚皓月当空，人们合家团聚， 共赏明月。2006年，中秋节被列为中国的 文化遗产，2008年又被定为公共假日，月 饼被视为中秋节不可或缺的美食，人们将月 饼作为礼物馈赠亲友或在家庭聚会上享用。 传统的月饼上带有“寿”(longevity)、“福”或“ 和”等字样。
? Since ancient times, the Chinese people usually celebrate harvest in the Mid-Autumn, which is similar to the custom of celebrating Thanksgiving in the North America. The tradition of celebrating Mid-Autumn festival became popular throughout China in the early Tang dynasty. The lunar August 15 is a day for people worshiping the moon. On this day, under the dazzling bright moon, families reunite and enjoy the moon’s beauty. In 2006, Mid-Autumn festival was listed as one of China's cultural heritage, and in 2008, it was classified as a public holiday. Moon cakes, as indispensable delicious food of the festival, were gifts people sent to families and friends during the festival and usually eaten on family gatherings. There are characters of “longevity”,“good fortune”and “harmony” on the Traditional moon cakes.
? China is well known for its introduction of ways and means to help ease the life of mankind. Among the inventions of Ancient China, four emerged as great contributions to the developments and changes not only to the country, but also to the world’s economy and culture. The Great Four Inventions of ancient China were papermaking, commercial printing, gunpowder, and the compass. China’s four great ancient inventions made tremendous contributions to the world’s economy and the culture of mankind. They were also important symbols of China’s role as a great world civilization.