2012～2013 学年度高三年级八模考试 英语试卷
本试卷分第Ⅰ 卷（选择题）和第Ⅱ 卷(非选择题)两部分，共150分，考试时间120分钟。 注意事项： 1.答题前，考生务必将自己的姓名、考号用铅笔涂写在答题卡上。 2.每小题选出答案后，用铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动，用橡皮擦干净后，再选 涂其它答案标号。 3.二卷试题用黑色中性笔作答。
第一卷（选择题 共 115 分）
第一部分听力（共两节，满分 30 分） 第一节（共 5 小题，每小题 1.5 分，满分 7.5 分） 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项，并标 在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话 仅读一遍。 1. Why is the man worried? A. He must read a lot of books. B. He doesn’t like history. C. He can’t get the books he reads. 2. What do we learn from the conversation? A. The man will probably go to Canada for his vacation. B. The man will probably wait until summer to go to Mexico. C. The man will probably not go to Canada for his vacation. 3. How far should the two speakers need to go? A. Two more miles. 4. When will the lecture begin? A. At 8:00. 5. What does the woman mean? A. She will go to the party today. C. She won’t go to the party today. 第二节（共 15 小题，每小题 1.5 分，满分 22.5 分） 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最 佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前，你将有时间阅读各个小题，每小题 5 秒钟；听完 后，各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料，回答第 6 至 7 题。 6. What will they do before they go down to the seaside? A. Visiting a new park. A. By ship. B. Planting some flowers. B. By train. C. Having some seafood. C. By bus. 7. How did the man get to the city? 听第 7 段材料，回答第 8 至 10 题。 8. How many times had the discussions been held when the conversation took place? A. Four times. B. Six times. C. Eight times. B. Because he was interested in pop music.
B. Another mile. B. At 8:15.
C. Three more miles. C. At 7:45.
B. She wants to go tomorrow evening.
9. Why did the woman invite the man to attend their discussions? A. Because he knew a lot about pop music. C. Because he was easy to get along with.
10. When will the man come to their discussions? A. Only on Mondays. B. Only on Fridays. C. On Mondays and Fridays. 听第 8 段材料，回答第 11 至 13 题。 11. When can you have your letter sent out at the post office? A.7:30 a.m. every day. A. The first-class post. A. By telephone. B.10:00 a.m. on Saturday. B. The second-class post. C. 4:00 p.m. on Friday. C. The parcel post. 12. Which service is suitable for the customers who want to save money? 13. How can customers send a telegram? B. By going to a post office. C. By going to a railway station. 听第 9 段材料，回答第 14 至 16 题。 14. How does the woman go to work at the moment? A. By bus. B. By train. C. By car. B. He can’t afford the high gas bill. 15. What stops the man driving to work? A. His wife doesn’t allow him to do so. C. He lives near his workplace. 16. What do we know about the woman? A. She doesn’t get along well with her boss. C. She loves driving to work. 听第 10 段材料，回答第 17 至 20 题。 17. In how many countries is TOEFL given? A.118. A. One million people. A.$125. B.180. B. Two million. B.$150. C.121. C. Only 20 000 people. C.$275. 18. How many people take the IELTS every year? 19. How much will you pay for the TOEFL if you want to test yourself in the four basic skills? 20. What can we learn about the IELTS? A. It is open for students of all ages. C. It is a paper test. 第二部分 英语知识运用 (共二节，满分 45 分) 第一节： 单项填空 (共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分) 21. ---Don't be so naughty! Be your ________. ---Got it. A. manners B. age C. behavior D. politeness B. It doesn’t include speaking test. B. She hasn’t got married.
22. I haven't settled the problem of A which B. what
I'll go back home during the coming May Day. C. whether D. where
23.---Mary, have you got my email? I sent you a birthday card yesterday. ---Oh, really! I haven't ＿＿＿my mailbox yet. A. seen B. checked C. received D. answered
24. I prefer a university in Shanghai to A. one B. that
in Beijing: Because I like the weather there. C. it D. any
25. It was difficult to get a word in. Everyone＿＿＿so excitedly about the play.
B. was talking
C. would talk
D. had talked
26. To be honest, I don't want to get a job A. that B. what
I'm chained to a desk all day. It will bore me to death. C. where D. which
27. Measures must be taken to prevent pollution ________ happily. A. from we live 28. A. If B. for us to live C. us living D. from our living
I'm not mistaken, Rio de Janeiro of Brazil was chosen as the host city for the 2016 Olympics. B. As C. Unless D. Though
29.---The composition is very good. ---Well, at least it is＿＿＿the one I wrote last week. A. no better than B. not better than C. no worse than D. as terrible as
30. It was a nice house, but ________ too small for a family to live in. A. rarely B. fairly C. rather D. pretty
31. Affected by the financial crisis, Jack's business is not as good as before, so he has to ________ the expenses of his company. A. cut off B. cut away C. cut up D. cut down
32. We met an old friend in New York ____our expectation. She waved at us _____ the street when she saw us. A. with; in B. out of; next to C. in; out of D. beyond; from across
33. You will see this product made in this factory ________ wherever you go. A. to be advertised B. advertised C. advertise D. advertising
34. The factory was built in a secret place, around ________ high mountains. A. which was B. it was C. which were D. them were
35. ---Excuse me, sir. Would you do me a favour? ---Of course. What is it? ---I ________ if you could tell me how to fill out this form. A. had wondered B. was wondering C. would wonder D. did wonder
第二节：完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，然后从各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项。 Charlie was a rich boy who had more toys than you could imagine. His family had a lot of money, and he liked something, they would buy it for him. Then, he had no idea what things cost, and wouldn't 37 36 to
take care of what he had. Nor did he realise how difficult it was for other children to get toys like the ones he had. A time came, though, when he was something 39 38 used to all his toys and various stuff that he began to want 40 at
. One of his uncles found a fine horse and he gave it to Charlie. Charlie was very
having a horse. He had never got something like that before. However, he 41 the horse just as badly as he did all his other toys, and it soon started looking 43 42 .
For the first time in his life Charlie became truly
. He loved the horse, and the fact that his family had
offered to exchange it for a new one meant nothing to him. One day, while in the countryside, he saw a girl with a horse. The girl looked very poor, but the horse seemed happy and looked great. Wondering how she had
this, Charlie secretly followed her, watching everything she did. First he 45 the horse. Then
followed them through the forest, where he saw that she never used the whip, and never
they came to the stable, and
46 they arrived the girl fed and watered the horse. Then she carefully groomed 47 of what Charlie had done to his horse. to her
(照顾) it. Charlie was surprised. This was the Charlie wanted to 48
and become like the girl. As no one had shown him how to do this, he 49
and asked her to teach him how to look after his horse. After her initial surprise, she happily 50 learned how to 51 care and effort into things. He learned that he could be much 53 52
. With her he
with only a few
special things that you truly then 54
, than with thousands of toys that were only good for a short time and were 55 all its strength and health, Charlie was happy that his effort
aside. When the horse finally
had been worthwhile. 36. A. whichever 37. A. refuse 38. A. so 39. A. usual 40. A. excited 41. A. operated 42. A. tired 43. A. worried 44. A. controlled 45. A. scratched 46. A. even if 47. A. glory 48. A. change 49. A. got over 50. A. agreed 51. A. give 52. A. stringer 53. A. cared for 54. A. picked 55. A. relieved B. whenever B. bother B. as B. different B. interested B. commanded B. puzzled B. patient B. learned B. hit B. every time B. devotion B. continue B. turned over B. received B. put B. higher B. cut down B. dropped B. recovered C. whatever C. obey C. quite C. right C. annoyed C. trained C. grateful C. ashamed C. managed C. broke C. now that C. opposite C. inspect C. took over C. adopted C. spend C. happier C. poured into C. passed C. lost D. however D. hesitate D. very D. expensive D. hopeful D. treated D. sick D. doubtful D. prepared D. damaged D. soon after D. assumption D. overcome D. went over D. responded D. take D. smarter D. looked up D. thrown D. grasped
第三部分 阅读理解（共 20 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 40 分） 第一节: 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出最佳选项。 A In this age of Internet chat, videogames and reality television, there is no shortage of mindless activities to keep a child occupied. Yet despite the competition, my 8-year-old daughter Rebecca wants to spend her leisure time writing short stories. She wants to enter one of her stories into a writing contest, a competition which she won last year. As a writer, I know about winning contests – and about losing them. I know what it is like to work hard on a story only to receive a rejection letter from the publisher. I also know the pressure of trying to live up to a reputation created by previous victories. What if she doesn’t win the contest again? That’s the strange thing about being a parent. So many of our own past scars and destroyed hopes can resurface in our children.
A revelation (启示) came last week when I asked her, ―Don’t you want to win again?‖ ―No,‖ she replied, ―I just want to tell the story of an angel going to first grade.‖ I had just spent weeks correcting her stories as she spontaneously (自发地) told them. Telling myself that I was merely an experienced writer guiding the young writer across the hall, I offered suggestions for characters, conflicts and endings for her tales. The story about a fearful angel starting first grade was quickly ―guided‖ by me into the tale of a little girl with a wild imagination taking her first music lesson. I had turned her contest into my contest without even realizing it. Staying back and giving kids space to grow is not as easy as it looks. Because I know very little about farm animals who use tools or angels who go to first grade, I had to accept the fact that I was co-opting my daughter’s experience. While stepping back was difficult for me, it was certainly a good first step that I will quickly follow with more steps, putting myself far enough away to give her room but close enough to help if asked. All the while I will be reminding myself that children need room to experiment, grow and find their own voices. 56. What do we learn from the first paragraph? A. A lot of amusements compete for children’s time nowadays. B. Children have lots of fun doing mindless activities. C. Rebecca is much too busy to enjoy her leisure time. D. Rebecca draws on a lot of online materials for her writing. 57. What did the author say about her own writing experience? A. She was constantly under pressure to write more. B. Most of her stories had been rejected by publishers. C. She did not quite live up to her reputation as a writer. D. Her road to success was full of pain and frustrations. 58. Why did Rebecca want to enter this year’s writing contest? A. She believed she possessed real talent for writing. B. She was sure of winning with her mother’s help. C. She wanted to share her stories with readers. D. She had won a prize in the previous contest. 59. The underlined sentence probably means that the author was _______. A. trying not to let her daughter enjoy her own life B. trying to get her daughter to do the thing as the author wished C. making sure that her daughter would win the contest D. helping her daughter develop real skills for writing B At Blossom End Railroad Station, 22-year-old Stanley Vine sat, waiting for his new employer. The surrounding green fields were so unlike the muddy landscape of war-torn France. After four horrible years as an army private fighting in Europe, Stanley had returned to England in February 1946. Armed now with some savings and with no prospects for a job in England, he answered a newspaper ad for farm help in Canada. Two months later he was on his way. When the old car rumbled (发着辘辘声) toward the tiny station, Stanley rose to his feet, trying to make the
most of his five foot and four inches frame. The farmer, Alphonse Lapine, shook his head and complained, ―You’re a skinny thing.‖ On the way to his dairy farm, Alphonse explained that he had a wife and seven kids. ―Money is tight. You’ll get room and board. You’ll get up at dawn for milking, and then help me around the farm until evening milking time again. Ten dollars a week. Sundays off.‖ Stanley nodded. He had never been on a farm before, but he took the job. From the beginning Stanley was treated horribly by the whole family. They made fun of the way he dressed and talked. He could do nothing right. The humourless farmer frequently lost his temper, criticizing Stanley for the slightest mistake. The oldest son, 13-year-old Armand, constantly played tricks on him. But the kind-hearted Stanley never responded. Stanley never became part of the Lapine family. After work, they ignored him. He spend his nights alone in a tiny bedroom. However, each evening before retiring, he lovingly cared for the farmer’s horses, eagerly awaiting him at the field gate. He called them his gentle giants. On Saturday nights he hitch-hiked into the nearest town and wandered the streets or enjoyed a restaurant meal before returning to the farm. Early one November morning Alphonse Lapine discovered that Stanley had disappeared, after only six months as his farmhand. The railway station master, when questioned later that week, said he had not seen him. In fact no one in the community ever heard of him again. That is, until one evening, almost 20 years later, when Armand, opened an American sports magazine and came across a shocking headline, ―Millionaire jockey (赛马骑 师), Stanley Vine, ex-British soldier and 5-time horse riding champion, began life in North America as a farmhand in Canada.‖ 60. Stanley Vine decided to go to Canada because ___________. A. he wanted to escape from war-torn France C. he couldn’t find a job in England B. he wanted to serve in the Canadian army D. he loved working as a farmhand
61. Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage? A. Stanley joined the French army when he was 18 years old. B. On the farm Stanley had to milk the cows 14 times a week. C. The Lapine family were very rich but cruel to Stanley. D. Stanely read about the job offer in a newspaper. 62. What did Stanley like doing after work each day? A. Hitch-hiking to different towns. C. Wandering around the farm alone. B. Caring for the farmer’s horses. D. Preparing meals on the farm.
63. Why was Armand so astonished when he read about Stanley in the magazine? A. He didn’t know Stanley had been a British soldier. B. He had no idea Stanley had always been a wealthy man. C. He didn’t know his father paid Stanley so little money. D. He didn’t expect Stanley to become such a success. C Barcodes (条形码) aren’t given much thought by the majority of consumers, but these codes were fairly recently applied in a working fashion in 1970. A small food store owner decided one day that keeping records of the inventory (存货) of his stock and the
associated prices were an extremely laborious process, and so, in 1948, he contacted the The Drexel Institute of Technology in a bid to work towards a solution. Bernard Sliver rose to the challenge and set out to study the problem, and began working on a solution involving an automatic way of keeping track of items that had been sold. Silver and a group of students from the institute realized their answer in the form of ultraviolet light (紫外 线), ink and a scanner. The system worked initially, but possessed some negatives. It was incredibly costly to carry out on a large scale and the system was also unstable. If the invention was to become commonplace (寻常的事) in grocery these two problems had to be solved. The patent (专利)for the bar code system was filed by Sliver and one of students, Woodland. The patent was not granted immediately; in fact it took years for the patent agency to grand their invention patent for the barcode, occurring on 7th October, 1952. Despite the patent being issued, the system was still not welcomed by the majority of store owners. It was not until 1966 that the system began moving its way into more and more grocery stores. This system was soon criticised, as there was no central mechanism for controlling uniformly coded items. In 1970, Logicorn developed the Universal Grocery Products Identification code (UGOIC), soon shortened to Universal Identification Number (UPC). It was Marsh’s superstore, in Troy, which was the very first store to install this complex barcode reading system, and its popularity has soared (升温) ever since, and is obviously now commonplace in all types of stores worldwide. 64. What is stressed in the second paragraph? A. The heavy work of store owners. C. The origination of barcodes B. The function of ultraviolet light, ink and a scanner. D. Bernard Silver’s education background. his three stores,
65. Which of the following was NOT a drawback of Silver’s system? A. It was expensive to be applied on a large scale. C. The system was not stable. 66. What is the purpose of the text? A. To tell people that failure is the mother of success. B. To praise scientists’ efforts in making people’s lives easier. C. To describe shop owners’ opinions of barcodes. D. To provide information about the development of barcodes. D The smell of fresh air is becoming something of a distant memory, thanks to our increasing use of fragrance (香气). From air fresheners to scented (有香味的) candles, we live in a world of scent. Recent figures show seven in ten people use air fresheners or scented candles to keep our homes smelling sweet. Yet recent records suggest that perfumed products could affect our health, causing problems including allergies (过敏), headaches and asthma (哮喘) . One leading expert believes nearly a third of people suffer health effects from being exposed to scents. A major problem is so-called ―contact‖ allergy—where perfumes and scented products cause eczema (湿疹) when they come into contact with the skin. About one in 20 is thought to be affected by fragrance allergy.
B. It was a laborious process. D. It lacked a central mechanism.
―Often it may not be immediately obvious that you have developed a fragrance allergy,‖ says Dr. Baron. ―You don’t react immediately. Gradually, as you are exposed more and more, the body increases its reaction, until it becomes noticeable to you.‖ People with pre-existing eczema are particularly vulnerable (易受影响). ―The eczema worsens in areas in contact with perfumes,‖ says Dr. Baron. ―But even those without allergies can be at risk of fragrance allergy.‖ You can become suddenly allergic to perfumes and personal care products that you have been using for years. ―Even if you know which fragrance causes a problem, it can be difficult to avoid, as most personal care products –soap, shampoo, sun cream and washing powder—contain fragrances,‖ says Dr. Baron. And strong scents can also cause headaches. Fragrances activate the nose’s nerve cells, stimulating the nerve system associated with head pain. To minimize risk, sufferers are advised to minimize the contact. ―Fragrance suggest cleanliness – yet people are smelling a potentially dangerous chemical mixture,‖ says Anne Steinemann, professor of the University of Washington. ―We often use them to mask one problem – as with air fresheners – but create a greater one – adding poisonous chemicals to the air.‖ 67. What is the text mainly about? A. The world trend of using fragrance. C. The health problems caused by fragrance 68. According to Dr. Baron, . B. The benefits of using non-fragranced products. D. The ways of removing allergy.
A. our bodies have an immediate reaction to fragrance. B. seven in ten have suffered fragrance allergy. C. fragrance can affect people who don’t have allergy D. people can avoid contacting with fragrance easily 69. Which of the following questions does the text NOT answer? A. Which products contain fragrance? C. What are the air fresheners made up of? 70. The following paragraph might discuss A. the asthma caused by strong scents. C. the methods of curing eczema B. What’s the influence of fragrance in the air? D. How are headaches caused by fragrance? . B. people’s efforts to protect fresh air. D. the bad effects of air fresheners.
第二节： 根据短文内容，从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项，选项中有两项为多余选项。 （请把本题答案涂在答题卡上，若所用的答题卡没有 E、F、G 选项，则选 E 涂为 AB，选 F 涂为 AC，选 G 涂为 AD。 ） Any car accident is frightening, but an accident in which your vehicle is thrown into the water, with you trapped inside, is absolutely terrifying. 71 However, most deaths result from panic, without a plan or
understanding what is happening to the car in the water. By adopting a brace (支撑) position, acting decisively and getting out fast, you can save yourself from a sinking vehicle. Brace yourself for impact (撞击力). As soon as you're aware that you're going off the road and into a body of water, adopt a brace position. The impact could set off the airbag system in your vehicle, so you should place both hands on the steering wheel in the "ten and two" position. Undo your seatbelt.
Untie the children, starting with the oldest first. Forget the cell phone call.
Your car isn't going to wait for you to make the call.
Leave the door alone at this stage and concentrate on the window. A car's electrical system should
work for up to three minutes in water, so try the method of opening it electronically first. Many people don't think about the window as an escape option either because of panic or misinformation about doors and sinking. Break the window. If you aren't able to open the window, or it only opens halfway, you'll need to break it with an object or your foot. It may feel counter-intuitive (有悖常理的) to let water into the car. 74
Escape when the car has equalized. If it has reached the dramatic stage where the car cabin has been filled with water and it has become balanced, you must move quickly and effectively to ensure your survival. While there is still air in the car, take slow, deep breaths and focus on what you're doing. A. Open the window as soon as you hit the water. B. Surviving a sinking car is not as difficult as you think. C. It takes 60 to 120 seconds for a car to fill up with water usually. D. Such accidents are particularly dangerous to the risk of drowning. E. In conclusion, if you know what to do in the water, you will be safe. F. This is the first thing to attend to, yet it often gets forgotten in the panic. G. But the sooner the window is open, the sooner you can escape directly through it. 75
第四部分：写作（共两节，满分 35 分）
第一节：短文改错（共 10 小题，每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） （请在答题纸上作答，否则无效） 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文，请你修改你同桌的以下作文。 文中共有 10 处语言错误，共有 10 处语言错误。请在有错误的地方增加、删除或修改某个单词。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏词符号(/\)，并在其下面写上该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线(＼)划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在该词下面写上修改后的词。 注意：1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2.只允许修改 10 处，多者(从 11 处起)不计分。 Manager, I am an exchange student from China. Yesterday, I went to your cinema to see a film. The film was very well, but I did not enjoy it because there were some problem in the cinema. First, the film was delayed as there were so much advertisements at the beginning. It was rather annoyed. Second, the sound of the film was too loud that I could hardly bear. The EXIT signs could not be seen clearly, which presented potential safety hazards. If something terribly should happen, it will be difficult for people to get out quickly. As a visitor to your city, I’m disappointed with my experience in your cinema. I am writing a letter in the hope that you can consider about these problems and make some improvement. Yours faithfully, Li Hua 第二节：书面表达（满分 25 分） （请在答题纸上作答，否则无效） 假设你是李华，David 是你的美国网友。他对目前中国出现的雾霆天气很关注，来信向你询问此事。
请你给他写封回信。 主要内容如下： 1.感谢他的关注。 2.简介雾霾 (smog) 天气给人们的身体、生活带来的危害。 3.谈谈你的感想。 注意：可适当增加细节，以使行文连贯流畅； 开头与结尾已写好，不计人总词数； 词数：120 左右 Dear David， I'm glad to receive your letter.
Yours， Li Hua
听力：1~5 ACBAC 单选：21-25. BCBAB 6~10 CBBAC 26-30. CBACC 11~15 CBACB 31-35. DDBCB 16~20 BBACC
完形：36-40. BBABA 41-45. DDACB 46-50. DCADA 51-55. BCADB 阅读：(A) ADCB (B) CDBD (C) CBD (D) CCCA (E) DFAGC
改错： Manager, I am an exchange student from China. Yesterday, I went to your cinema to see a film. The film was very well, but I did not enjoy it because there were some problem in the cinema. good problems First, the film was delayed as there were so much advertisements at the beginning. It was rather many annoyed. Second, the sound of the film was too loud that I could hardly bear∧. The EXIT signs could annoying so it not be seen clearly, which presented potential safety hazards. If something terribly should happen, it terrible will be difficult for people to get out quickly. would As a visitor to your city, I’m disappointed with my experience in your cinema. I am writing a
the letter in the hope that you can consider about these problems and make some improvement. Yours faithfully, Li Hua 书面表达： Dear David, I’m glad to receive your letter. I have learned from your letter that you are concerned about the smog which frequently appears in some areas of China. Thank you for your concern. I’m also very worried about such terrible weather because it has brought much inconvenience or rather harm to people’s health such as traffic jam, road accidents, bad coughs, throat hurts and ever lung cancers and so on. As everybody knows, a good environment comes from good protection. So we should do what we can to make a difference. Try to drive less and choose air-friendly products. Only when everyone has the environmental awareness can we have cleaner air. Hoping to hear from you soon and share your good ideas.
作文评分细则: 1. 五个档次给分。 2.根据内容和语法确定所属档次，然后按档次要求衡量确定或调整，最后给分。 3.少于 80 或大于 120 字，总分减 2 分。 4.注意的内容为：要点，词汇语法结构的数量，准确性及上下文的连贯性。 5.拼写与标点视其影响程度以考虑。英美用法，词汇均可接受。 6.书写较差影响阅读，降低一个档次。 要点： 1.感谢他的关注。 2.简介雾霾 (smog) 天气给人们的身体、生活带来的危害。 3.谈谈你的感想。 五档次： 21--25 覆盖所有要点，语言些许错误，应用句间连接成分连接紧凑，较强语言应用能力。 16--20 漏一个要点，但覆盖所有内容，语法词汇基本正确，些许错误，应用句间连接成分，结构紧凑。 11---15 漏掉一些内容，但覆盖主要内容，有一些语法词汇错误，但不影响理解。 6---10 漏掉或未描述清楚主要内容，语法词汇单调，错误影影响理解。缺少连贯性。 1--5.明显漏要点，写无关内容。未理解题要求。缺连贯。
听力材料： Text 1 M：I think this history course is interesting，but it’s very difficult. I’ll never get through the reading list. W：Don’t worry. You’ll find the time somehow. Text 2 W：Are you going to Canada or Mexico during your vacation? M：Well，I don’t enjoy cold weather at all，and Canada is freezing in winter. Text 3
M：Do we have to go far? W：The farm is just a mile away. Would you like to rest now? Text 4 M：I’m not sure when to leave for the lecture. W：But it’s already a quarter to eight. M：Take it easy. Fifteen minutes is quite OK. Text 5 M：There will be a dance party in the school hall this evening. Are you coming, Jane? W：This evening? If it was tomorrow, I would be free to go. Text 6 W：Good morning, Mr. Johnson. You must have had a good sleep last night after a crowded train trip! M：Yes，but I think I should have come here by plane. W：So what do you want to do today? M：What good idea do you have? W：Why don’t we first visit the new park in the morning? M：I like the idea. And where can we have lunch? W：How about going to a seafood restaurant? There’s a good one not far from here. M：That sounds great! W：After that，we can go down to the seaside and walk along the beach. Text 7 W：Good evening, Mr. Smith. M：Good evening, Ann. I hear you’ve started evening discussions on popular music. How is it going? W： Pretty well. Our discussions have lasted three weeks. I must say I’ve learned a lot about its development. But it would be nicer to have someone more knowledgeable on the subject in the group. Could you possibly come and join us? M：Certainly, if there is nothing on my schedule. When do you usually meet? W：We meet twice a week — Monday and Saturday. Is the time convenient for you? M：Monday is OK. But I don’t think I can on Saturday. I have something else to attend to. W：What about Friday evenings? We expect to see you present every time there is a discussion. M：OK, I am free on Friday evenings. Text 8 W：How can I post a letter in Britain? M：You can go to the post offices directly, or put your letter into a red box in the streets. Post offices normally open every weekday from 8:30 or 9:00 am, to 5:30 or 6:00 pm. W：Is there only one kind of postal service? M：Certainly, not. There are at least two kinds of postal services. The first-class mail is for quicker delivery，but costs more. The second-class mail is usually delivered 24 hours later than the first-class mails. W：How about the telegraph? M：You can send telegrams by telephone at any time of the day or night. Text 9
M：The train slowed down for ten minutes this morning. W：Well. I took the train last month and I was late to work almost everyday. Now, I am back again to driving to work. M：I can’t afford to drive every day. W： have no choice. Almost everyday last month my boss waited for me at the door； I looked at his watch， then and gave me that hard look every morning. M. That’s ridiculous. Is he going to pay for your gas bill? W：Of course not! You know how it is: take it or leave it. M：I just heard on the news this morning，one gallon of gasoline has come down to 3 dollars 50 cents. W：Really? That’s not bad news. Right? The price has fallen down by nearly 3％. M：It is still too much for me. I drive to work almost an hour. So my gas bill will still be too high, even with falling gas prices. Besides, my wife drives to work. W：Oh. That’s an entirely different ball game. I am single so my gas bill is much lower than yours. M：Then, the new gasoline price at $3. 50 is a good deal for you. Text 10 Most American colleges and universities accept one or both of the two major tests. One is the Test of English as a Foreign Language, known as the TOEFL, given in one hundred and eighty countries. The other is the International English Language Testing System, or IELTS, given in one hundred and twenty-one countries. One million people each year take the TOEFL, and it is the same with the IELTS. Two thousand colleges and universities in the United States now recognize the IELTS. Schools might accept it only for undergraduate or graduate admission or both. The IELTS is a paper test，while the TOEFL is given on paper only in places where a computer test is unavailable. The TOEFL paper test costs one hundred and fifty dollars. It tests reading, listening and writing. A separate Test of Spoken English costs one hundred and twenty-five dollars. The TOEFL and the IELTS both measure all four language skills — listening, reading， writing and speaking. But with the IELTS, the speaking test is done separately as a live interview.