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湖南省株洲市南方中学2011-2012学年高二上学期期中考试命题英语试题3

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株洲市南方中学 2011 年下学期期中考试试卷
高二英语

第一部分 听力理解(共两节;满分 20 分。) 第二部分 知识运用(共两节;满分 20 分。) 第一节 单项填空(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分。) 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

21. Do you often go to the movies at weekend?

I ______, but now, I seldom have time.

A. used to be

B. used to C. was used to D. used

22. I am ______ the truth of the story.

A. satisfied with

B. satisfied for

C. satisfied to

D. satisfied at

23. The old man _______ yesterday is a teacher.

A. I spoke B. I spoke to C. whom I spoke D. that I spoke to him

24. The man who is _______ the factory is an expert from the US.

A. in charge of

B. in the charge of

C. the charge of

D. under charge of

25. You are _______ your time trying to persuade him. He wouldn’t listen to you.

A. wasting

B. missing

C. losing

D. spending

26. He is a student at Oxford University, ________ for a degree in computer science.

A. studied

B. studying

C. to have studied

D. to be studying

27. You’d better take something to read when you go to see the doctor _______ you have to wait.

A. even if

B. as if

C. in case

D. in order that

28. Frank’s dream was to have his own shop _______ to produce the workings of his own hands.

A. that

B. in which

C. by which

D. how

29. ______ her bike missing yesterday, she had to walk home.

A. As

B. Since

C. With

D. For

30. A great many trees ________ in the last few weeks.

A. have been planted

B. have planted

C. are planted

D. had been planted

第二节 完形填空(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分。)

阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从第 31 至 40 小题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以

填入空白处的最佳选项。

One day before my final exam, my dad gave me a gift. It completely changed my life.

On that day I had a _31_with my friends and it was a difficult time with my studies. I was

unhappy .Then I noticed the gift. I _32_it and saw a DVD inside. Its name was “THE SECRET”. However ,I was in no mood (心情)to watch it. I sat down to study, but the _33_in my life-the fight, the

sleepless nights and my poor health…Everything came to my mind. I wanted an answer but I wondered

_34_there was any. Just then, I saw the DVD again. May be it would be helpful. I _35_my DVD player. I had no words to describe the feelings I experienced while watching it. The moving(动人的)stories of

human beings made me so moved that I wouldn’t _36_any of them.

Thanks to my father’s gift “THE SECRET”,I discovered _37_.Everyboday has difficulties in their

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lives .The important thing is that you should be _38_enough to face them. Now I have started _39_my

studies and my friends. And I’m in good health, too. I often hear people say, “Wow! _40_perfect life you

have!’

31. A. trip

B. party

C. talk

D. fight

32. A. opened

B. kept

C. moved

D. broke

33. A. chances

B. problems

C. suggestions D. mistakes

34. A. why

B. that

C. if

D. how

35. A. turned on

B. looked for

C. put away

D. paid for

36. A. report

B. forget

C. think

D. remember

37. A. yourself

B. itself

C. himself

D. myself

38. A. mad

B. brave

C. sad

D. weak

39. A. being busy with

B. worrying about

C. getting on well with

D. being afraid of

40.A. What a

B. What

C. How a

D. How

第三部分 阅读技能 (共三节,满分 35 分。) 第一节 阅读理解 (共 12 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 24 分。)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项。 A
Bend over,take a deep breath and drink some water!This is just one of hundreds of tips you might get if you have the hiccups(打嗝)。Hiccups are so mysterious. We really don’t know why they start and why they stop.
Everyone has a favorite cure for a case of the hiccups. Some people think that a good scare is necessary
to get well. Others eat a teaspoon of sugar. Still others drink a glass of water with a knife in it.
An American man named Jack O Leary claimed to have hiccupped 160 million times over a period of eight years. He tried 60,000 cures, but none of them worked. Finally he prayed to Saint Jude,the saint of Hopeless cases,and his hiccupping stopped immediately.
It took a British plumber eight months to cure his hiccups. People from all over the world wrote him letters with suggestions for getting well. He tried them all,but the hiccups continued. Finally,he drank a “secret” mixture someone had sent him. By that evening his hiccups were gone.
Why did these cures work for these two men? No one really knows. But people who have studied many cases of hiccups have an idea. Hiccups usually go away if you believe in the cure.
41. _________ might be the best cure for hiccups. A. Special pills
B. A spoonful of salt
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C. Cold water

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D. What you believe in 42. The plumber spent __________ in stopping his hiccups.
A. 4 hours

B. 2 days

C. 8 months

D. 8 years 43. According to the passage,which of the following is TRUE?
A. We know why the hiccups start,but we don‘t know how to stop them.

B. Saint Jude is an expert in curing the hiccups.

C. The British plumber drank a secret mixture given by an experienced doctor and then became well.

D. Some people think that a good scare is a cure for a case of hiccups. 44. What is the main idea of this passage?
A. Different ways to stop hiccups

B. What makes hiccups happen

C. How to get hiccups

D. Jack O‘Leary’s hiccups B
There are three branches of medicine. One is called “doctor medicine” or “scientific medicine”。 Scientific doctors try to observe sickness, look for logical pattern, and then find out how the human body

works. From there they figure out what treatments may work. This kind of medicine is believed to date from the 4th century BC. Although nowadays it is successful, in the ancient this approach(方法)

probably did not cure many patients. The second kind of medicine is called “natural cures” or “folk medicine”, in which less educated
people try to cure sickness with various herbs. These folk healers also use observation and logic, but they are not so aware of it. They try things until they find something that seems to work, and then they keep doing that. Folk medicine flourished(兴起) long before the development of scientific medicine and was

more successful in ancient times.

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The third kind is called “health spas” or “faith healing”。 Sometimes this may be as simple as touching the holy man and being immediately healed. Other times, a magician may make you a magic charm, or say a spell(咒语), to cure you. Some religious groups organize healing shrines(圣坛) for the sick. In these places people rest, get plenty of sleep, eat healthy food, drink water instead of wine, and exercise in various ways. They also talk to the priests(牧师) and pray to the gods. If you are feeling depressed or you have been working too hard, going to these places may be just the right thing to make

you feel better.

45. Doctor medicine_________.

A.has a longer history than folk medicine

B.has been practiced for around 2,400 years

C.bases its treatments on observation and logic

D.was very successful in curing sicknesses in ancient times

46. According to the passage, which of the following is NOT used in health spas?

A. Magic power

B. Various herbs

C. Religious faith

D. A healthy life style

47. According to the passage,which of the following statements is true?

A.Folk healers choose different herbs to cure diseases without any sound basis.

B. People who practice folk medicine need lots of formal education on herbs.

C. The success of folk medicine led to the development of doctor medicine.

D. Natural cures worked better than scientific medicine in ancient times.

48. The author’s primary purpose in this passage is to_______________.

A. describe different types of medicine

B. argue for the importance of medicine in health care

C. show the important role religion plays in medical treatments

D. compare the educational background of three different types of patients C
Not many years ago, a wealthy and rather strange old man named Johnson lived alone in a village in

the south of England. He had made a lot of money in trading with foreign countries. When he was

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▁▂▃▄▅▆▇█▉▊▋▌精诚凝聚 =^_^= 成就梦想 ▁▂▃▄▅▆▇█▉▊ ▋▌
seventy-five, he gave £ 12,000 to the village school to buy land and equipment for a children‘s playground.
As a result of his kindness, many people came to visit him. Among them was a newspaperman. During their talk, Johnson remarked that he was seventy-five and expected to live to be a hundred. The newspaperman asked him how he managed to be healthy at seventy—five. Johnson had a sense of humor. He liked whisky and drank some each day. “I have an injection (注射) in my neck each evening.”he told the newspaperman, thinking of his evening glass of whisky.
The newspaperman did not understand what Johnson meant. In his newspaper he reported that Johnson was seventy-five and had a daily injection in his neck. Within a week Johnson received thousands of letters from all over Britain, asking him for the secret of his daily injection.
49. Johnson became a rich man through _________. A. doing business. B. making whisky. C. cheating. D. buying and selling land. 50. The gift of money to the school suggests that Johnson __________. A. had no children. B. was a strange man. C. was very fond of children. D. wanted people to know how rich he was. 51. Many people wrote to Johnson to find out __________. A. what kind of whisky he had. B. how to live longer. C. how to become wealthy. D. in which part of the neck to have an injection. 52. The newspaperman ____________. A. should have reported what Johnson had told him. B. shouldn‘t have asked Johnson what injection he had.
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C. was eager to live a long life.
D. should have found out what Johnson really meant.

第二节 摘录信息 (共 5 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 5 分。) 阅读下面短文,根据所读内容在文后第 53-57 小题的空格里填上适当的单词或短语。 注意:每空不超过 3 个单词。 In 1997-1998, almost three million people were granted visas to visit Australia. The main reasons for
these visits were for tourism, for visiting relatives and for obtaining medical treatment. This figure does not include visitors from New Zealand and people on business visas. The most popular state or territory visited by overseas travelers was New South Wales: more than 1.1 million people were attracted to the state. The second-most popular state or territory was Queensland: it attracted 909,000 visitors because of Golden Coast. Victoria (337,000 visitors to the nice harbors) and Western Australia (293,000 visitors to fantastic grassland) were next, and the Australian Capital Territory was the least popular. Visitors came from all over the world. The largest group was the Japanese. Second was the United Kingdom, followed by the United States. In general, the number of visitors from Asian countries fell during the period.

Place

Number

53__________________________

(1997-1998)

Australia

Three

For tourism, visiting relatives and

Million visitors

obtaining

54___________________

New South

55__________________________ For attraction

Wales

visitors

Queensland

909,000 visitor

For 56_______________

57____________________

293,000 visitors

For fantastic grassland

第三节 回答问题 (共 3 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 6 分。) Healthy diets
Instead of buying only fresh foods, Americans nowadays buy many more convenience foods. There are foods which are already partly or completely prepared. Many of them are frozen, such as frozen dinner, heat-and-serve French fries, and frozen pizzas. There are also many canned (put in a can) convenience foods, such as ready-made spaghetti(意大利细条实心面),soups, stews(炖熟菜肴), and vegetables.
Convenience foods save time and trouble. They are popular with people who are busy or who don’t like to cook or wash dishes. But they often cost more than fresh, unprepared foods and may contain artificial additives (a chemical added to the food). Also, many people feel they don’t taste as good as home cooked foods.
Healthy food and Co-ops
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In the 1960s, a “back-to-the-earth” movement was started by young people in the United States. The movement was a reaction against the harmful effects of technology. From the movement came a new understanding of food and health. Many people now prefer nutural and organic(chemical-free) foods to the prepared foods sold in health food stores and in food co-ops, which are small stores and where customers help manage the store. In co-ops, food is usually not packaged. Customers bring their own bags and jars and scoop (汲取) their food out of boxes or baskets. 58. What are the disadvantages of convenience food? ( No more than 12 words.)
___________________________________________________________________ 59. Who likes convenience foods most?
( No more than 13 word.) ____________________________________________________________________ 60. How do customers buy food from co-ops? ( No more than 16words.) __________________________________________________________________
第四部分 写作技能 (满分 25 分。) 第一节 双向翻译(共 5 小题,每小题 2 分,共 10 分)
Wang Xiaojun is 12 years old. He lives in the country in Hebei Province. Today is his birthday. (61)他 的父母给他准备了一顿丰盛的晚餐,but the boy says, “I won’t have the dinner because after the dinner, today is over, and parents are leaving for Shenzhen tomorrow. I don’t want them to go”.
(62) It is the first birthday that Wang Xiaojun is spending with his parents within three years. In the past three years, his parents has stayed in Shenzhen and worked to make money. They haven’t seen their son for three years. (63) 明天他们将不得不去深圳。
Wang isn’t the only stay-at home child. (64) In the country of China, there are more than 20 million children staying at home without their parents. Stay-at-home children face a lot of problems. Many of them stay with their grandparents. They get less care from their parents. They often feel lonely. Some of them don’t study well because their parents can’t help them with their study.
(65) The Chinese government now cares about the children very much and is trying to solve their problems. 61. __________________________________________________________. 62. __________________________________________________________. 63. __________________________________________________________. 64. __________________________________________________________. 65. __________________________________________________________.
第二节 情景作文 (15 分)
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▁▂▃▄▅▆▇█▉▊▋▌精诚凝聚 =^_^= 成就梦想 ▁▂▃▄▅▆▇█▉▊ ▋▌
假设你是高一新生张菲。 你的朋友李明英语口语不好,他来信请你谈谈你的意见,你给他写一 封回信,提出一些看法和建议:
1.不要失去信心, 不要怕讲错,不要怕别人笑话。 2. 争取在课内课外尽可能多讲英语,熟能生巧。 3. 找一个喜欢讲英语的同学,共同实践,相互帮助。 4. 在课堂上要积极发言,争取有机会就讲英语。如果出错, 老师会帮助你纠正错误。 5. 只要坚持下去,一定能提高英语口语水平。
要求:①不要逐句翻译; ②字数在 100 个词左右。

二.能力提升部分(50 分)

第一节:单项填空(共 18 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 18 分。)

从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

1. They are_________ to eat Chinese food though they have been in America for years.

A. content

B. please

C. interested

D. fond

2.Greatly_________ as the leading scientist, he was asked to give lectures in many countries.

A. respecting

B .respects

C. respected

D. to respect

3._________was the story the boy told the reporter.

A. What

B. All that

C. Such

D. So

4.The plane went off its_________ to keep away from the sudden storm.

A. road

B. course

C. fly

D. direction

5.Driving a car is not as difficult as you imagine, if you_________ the rules.

A. depend on

B. believe in

C. turn to

D. stick to

6.Do you know _________they are getting on well with the project?

A. whether

B. what

C. how

D. when

7.—She was late for the party.

—That’s _________she had forgotten the exact time.

A. why

B. how

C. because

D. whether

8. Mr Black is the professor _________I have the greatest respect.

A. to whom

B. for whom

C. whom

D. who

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9.All this_________ that knowledge comes from practice.

A. speaks

B. proves

C. explains

D. teaches

10.Switzerland refused to_________ the two world wars.

A. take part

B. take sides in

C. join

D. attend

11.The boy was seen_________ in the examination and was punished by the teacher.

A. having cheated

B. cheated

C. cheating

D. cheat

12.Take this medicine,_________ you will be getting worse.

A. or rather

B. or else

C. for that

D. for another

13.A new technique _________, the yields as a whole increased by 20 percent.

A. working out

B. having worked out

C. having been worked out

D. to have been worked out

14.The manager discussed the plan that they would like to see _________ the next year.

A. carry out

B. carrying out

C. carried out

D. to carry out

15.John is a lazy student, one of_________ bad study habits is to leave for tomorrow_____ ought to be

done today.

A. his; something

B. whose; what

C. whom; that

D. his; that

16.He told me he had been offered a very well-paid_________ abroad.

A. service

B. business

C. position

D. work

17.You may not agree, but _________I think she is a very good girl.

A. generally

B. truly

C. personally

D. commonly

18.The officer made his men _________his order at once.

A. carry out

B. work out

C. make out

D. act out

第二节:完型填空 (共 12 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 12 分。) A
As the pace of life continues to increase, we are fast losing the art of relaxation. Once you are in the habit of rushing through life, being on the go from morning till night, it is hard to 19______ away. But moderate relaxation is necessary for a healthy mind and body.
Stress is a 20_______part of everyday life and there is no way to 21_______it. In fact, it is not the bad thing that it is often supposed to be. A certain amount of stress is important to provide motivation and give 22________to life. It is only when the stress gets out of control that it can lead to poor performance and ill
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health.

The amount of stress a person can bear 23_____very much on the individual. Some people are not

afraid of stress, and such 24______ are obviously chief material for managerial responsibilities. Others lose

heart at first 25______ of unusual difficulties. When exposed to stress, in whatever form, we react both

chemically and physically. In fact we make a choice between 26_______ and fight. And in more ancient

days the choices made the 27______ between life and death. The crises we meet today are unlikely to be so

extreme, but however little the stress, it requires the same response. It requires the same response. It is

when such a reaction 28______ long, through continued exposure to stress, that health becomes 29______.

Such serious conditions as high blood pressure and heart diseases have 30 ______ links with stress. Since

we cannot remove stress from our lives we need to find ways to deal with it. It would be unwise to do so

even if we could.

19. A. turn

B. get

C. calm

D. throw

20. A. terrible

B. hard

C. natural D. physical

21. A. accept

B. avoid

C. solve

D. tolerate

22. A. instruction B. influence C. resource D. purpose

23. A. spends

B. calls

C. depends D. insists

24. A. characters B. situations C. personalities D. patterns

25. A. impression B. sight

C. view

D. glance

26. A. heaviness B. pressure C. fright

D. peace

27. A. choice

B. difference C. promise D. decision

28. A. lasts

B. stands

C. lives

D. continues

29. A. changeable B. endangered C. injured D. balanced

30. A. developed B. found

C. achieved D. established

第三节:阅读理解。(共 10 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 20 分。) A

Mother Teresa was born in Yugoslavia((南斯拉夫),on August 27,1910.She attended the government school near her home until she was eighteen. At that time, some doctors and nurses from Yugoslavia were working in India, and they often wrote to the school about their work. She decided to join them one day.

When she left school,she went first to Britain. Then a year later she went to India,where she began to train to be a teacher. After training, she was sent to Calcutta((加尔格答),where she taught geography at a school and soon after became headmistress(校长)。

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▁▂▃▄▅▆▇█▉▊▋▌精诚凝聚 =^_^= 成就梦想 ▁▂▃▄▅▆▇█▉▊ ▋▌
However, although she loved teaching, in 1946 Mother Teresa left the school and went to work in the poor parts of Calcutta. Later she trained to become a nurse in Patna, and then began her work helping the poor and comforting the dying in the streets of the city. Slowly, others came to help her, and her work spread to other parts of India.
Mother Teresa is now a well-known person. many photos have been taken of her, as she travels the world to open new schools and hospitals in poor countries. In 1979,she was given the Nobel Peace Prize for the lifetime of love and service she has given to the poor.
31. Where did Mother Teresa receive her education?
A. In Yugoslavia and India. B. In Yugoslavia and Britain. C. In Britain and India. D. In Yugoslavia, Britain and India. 32. What first made Mother Teresa work in India?
A. Her visit to the poor parts of Calcutta.
B. Her visit to Britain after she finished school.
C. The medical workers' letters to her school.
D. The work of the nurse in the city of Patna. 33. In which order did Mother Teresa do the following things?
a. Trained to be a nurse b. Went to India
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c. Helped the dying

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d. Studied to be a teacher

e. Went to Britain

f. Worked as a headmistress

A. b,a,c,e,d,f

B. b,f,a,d,e,c

C. e,b,d,f,a,c

D. e,a,b,c,d,f

34. Mother Teresa gave up teaching because she wanted __________.

A. to look after the poor

B. to travel to poor countries

C. to build hospitals for the poor

D. to train nurses to care for the poor

35. Mother Teresa is now a famous person because she has _________.

A. saved many poor people in India

B. helped to bring about world peace

C. helped to make India a more peaceful place

D. taken care of many poor people in the world

B

▃ ▄ ▅ ▆ ▇ █ █ ■ ▓点亮心灯 ~~~///(^v^)\\\~~~ 照亮人生 ▃ ▄ ▅ ▆ ▇ █ █ ■ ▓

▁▂▃▄▅▆▇█▉▊▋▌精诚凝聚 =^_^= 成就梦想 ▁▂▃▄▅▆▇█▉▊ ▋▌
Not many years ago, a wealthy and rather strange old man named Johnson lived alone in a village in the south of England. He had made a lot of money in trading with foreign countries. When he was seventy-five, he gave £ 12,000 to the village school to buy land and equipment for a children‘s playground.
As a result of his kindness, many people came to visit him. Among them was a newspaperman. During their talk, Johnson remarked that he was seventy-five and expected to live to be a hundred. The newspaperman asked him how he managed to be healthy at seventy —five. Johnson had a sense of humor. He liked whisky and drank some each day. “I have an injection (注射) in my neck each evening.”he told the newspaperman, thinking of his evening glass of whisky.
The newspaperman did not understand what Johnson meant. In his newspaper he reported that Johnson was seventy-five and had a daily injection in his neck. Within a week Johnson received thousands of letters from all over Britain, asking him for the secret of his daily injection.
36. Johnson became a rich man through _________.
A. doing business.
B. making whisky.
C. cheating.
D. buying and selling land.
▃ ▄ ▅ ▆ ▇ █ █ ■ ▓点亮心灯 ~~~///(^v^)\\\~~~ 照亮人生 ▃ ▄ ▅ ▆ ▇ █ █ ■ ▓

▁▂▃▄▅▆▇█▉▊▋▌精诚凝聚 =^_^= 成就梦想 ▁▂▃▄▅▆▇█▉▊ ▋▌
37. The gift of money to the school suggests that Johnson __________. A. had no children. B. was a strange man. C. was very fond of children. D. wanted people to know how rich he was. 38. Many people wrote to Johnson to find out __________. A. what kind of whisky he had. B. how to live longer. C. how to become wealthy. D. in which part of the neck to have an injection. 39. The newspaperman ____________. A. should have reported what Johnson had told him. B. shouldn‘t have asked Johnson what injection he had. C. was eager to live a long life. D. should have found out what Johnson really meant.
▃ ▄ ▅ ▆ ▇ █ █ ■ ▓点亮心灯 ~~~///(^v^)\\\~~~ 照亮人生 ▃ ▄ ▅ ▆ ▇ █ █ ■ ▓

▁▂▃▄▅▆▇█▉▊▋▌精诚凝聚 =^_^= 成就梦想 ▁▂▃▄▅▆▇█▉▊ ▋▌
40. When Johnson said he had an injection in his neck each evening, he really meant that ______.
A. he liked drinking a glass of whisky in the evening. B. he needed an injection in the neck. C. a daily injection in the evening would make him sleep well. D. there was something wrong with his neck.
参考答案: 一.基础知识部分 21-25. BABAA 26-30. BCBCA 31-35:DABCA 36-40. BBBCB 41-44 DCDA 45—48. BBDA 49-52 ACDD 53. Reasons 54. medical treatment 55. Over 1.1 mmillion 56. Golden Coast
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▁▂▃▄▅▆▇█▉▊▋▌精诚凝聚 =^_^= 成就梦想 ▁▂▃▄▅▆▇█▉▊ ▋▌
57. Western Australia 58. They are more expensive, may contain artificial additives and less delicious。
59. People who are busy or who don’t like to cook or wash dishes.
60. They bring their own bags and jars and scoop their food out of boxes or baskets. 61. His parents prepare a good dinner for him. 62. 这是三年以来王小军和父母一起过的第一个生日。 63. They have to go to Shenzhen tomorrow. 64. 在中国农村,有 2 千多万留守儿童。 65. 中国政府现在非常关心那些孩子,正想办法解决他们的问题。

作文 One possible version:

Dear Li Ming,

Thank you for your last letter. I’m sorry that you have some trouble in speaking English. Here is

some of my advice on improving spoken English.

First of all, don’t lose heart in your spoken English. Don’t be afraid of making any mistakes or being

laughed at. Try to speak English both in and after class as much as possible. Practice makes perfect.

Why not look for one with whom to practice speaking? Thus you can help each other while

speaking English.

In class you must be active. Get every chance to speak. If you make any mistakes, your teacher

will help you. As long as you keep on speaking English, you’re sure to improve spoken English.

Yours,

二.能力提升部分

1-5 ACCB D 6-10 ACBBB 11-15 C B C C B

19-23 DCBDC 24-28 ABCBA

29-30BD

Zhang Fei 16-18 C C A

31——35 ACCAD 36-40 ACDDA

▃ ▄ ▅ ▆ ▇ █ █ ■ ▓点亮心灯 ~~~///(^v^)\\\~~~ 照亮人生 ▃ ▄ ▅ ▆ ▇ █ █ ■ ▓


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