2006年英语专业四级考试真题及答案 PART Ⅲ CLOZE There are many superstitions in Britain, but one of the most （ 31 ） held is that it is unlucky to walk under a ladder even if it means （32） the pavement into a busy street! （33） you must pass under a ladder you can （34） bad luck by crossing your fingers and （35） them crossed until you have seen a dog. （36） , you may lick your finger and （37） a cross on the toe of your shoe, and not look again at the shoe until the （38） has dried. Another common （39） is that it is unlucky to open an umbrella in the house-it will either bring （40） to the person who opened it or to the whole （41）. Anyone opening an umbrella in fine weather is （42）, as it inevitably brings rain! The number 13 is said to be unlucky for some, and when the 13th day of the month （43） on a Friday, anyone wishing to avoid a bad event had better stay （44）. the worst misfortune that can happen to a person is caused by breaking a mirror, （45） it brings seven years of bad luck! The superstition is supposed to （46） in ancient times, when mirrors were considered to be tools of the gods. Black cats are generally considered lucky in Britain, even though they are （ 47 ） witchcraft…… it is （48） lucky if a black cat crosses your path-although in America the exact opposite belief prevails. Finally, a commonly held superstition is that of touching wood （49） luck. This measure is most often taken if you think you have said something that is tempting fate, such as "my car has never （50） , touch wood?" 31.A broadly B widely C quickly D speedily 32.A running from B jumping off C stepping off D keeping from 33.A If B As C Though D Unless 34.A erase B remove C avoid D ease
35.A keep B keeping C kept D to keep 36.A Consequently B However C Comparatively D Alternatively 37.A make B print C perform D produce 38.A label B symbol C mark D cut 39.A argument B superstition C opinion D idea 40.A loss B difficulty C tragedy D misfortune 41.A house B household C home D circle 42.A unwise B unintelligent C unpopular D unfortunate 43.A falls B arrives C drops D happens 44.A away B outdoors C indoors D far 45.A when B as C if D though 46.A have originated B be originating C be originated D originate 47.A concerned about B related with C associated with D connected in 48.A especially B specially C frequently D rarely 49.A as B for C in D of 50.A broken up B broken off C broken away D broken down PART Ⅳ GRAMMAR and VOCABULARY 51. __dullhe may be, he is certainly a very successful top executive. A Although B whatever C As D However 52.If only I __play the guitar as well as you! A would B could C should D might 53.The party, __I was the guest of honour, was extremely enjoyable. A by which B for which C to which D at which 54It's high time we __ cutting down the rainforests. A stopped B had to stop C shall stop D stop 55The student said there were a few points in the essay he __ impossible to comprehend.
A has found B was finding C had found D would find 56Loudspeakers were fixed in the hall so that everyone__ an opportunity to hear the speech. A ought to have B must have C may have D should have 57I am surprised__ this city is a dull place to live in. A that you should think B by what you are thinking C that you would think D with what you were thinking 58Susan is very hardworking, but her pay is not__ for her work. A enough good B good enough C as good enough D good as enough 59It is imperative that the government __ more investment into the shipbuilding industry. A attracts B shall attract C attract D has to 60Land belongs to the city; there is __ thing as private ownership of land. A no such a B not such C not such a D no such 61My daughter has walked eight miles today. We never guessed that she could walk__far. A / B such C that D as 62The statistics __ that living standards in the area have improved drastically in recent times. A proves B is proving C are proving D prove
63There are only ten apples left in the baskets, __ the spoilt ones. A not counting B not to count C don't count D having not counted 64It was __ we had hoped A more a success than B a success more than C as much of a success as D a success as much as 65There used to be a petrol station near the park, __? A didn't it B doesn't there C usedn't it? D didn't there 66It is an offence to show __ against people of different races. A distinction B difference C separation D discrimination 67A great amount of work has gone into __ the Cathedral to its previous splendour. A refreshing B restoring C renovating D renewing 68The thieves fled with the local police close on their __. A backs B necks C toes D heels 69The economic recession has meant that job__ is a rare thing. A security B safety C protection D secureness 70Many people nowadays save money to __ for their old age. A cater B supply C provide D equip 71The tone of the article __ the writer's mood at the time. A reproduced B reflected C imagined D imitated 72This is not the right __ to ask for my help; I am far too busy even to listen 73The job of a student accommodation officer__ a great many visits to landladies. A concerns B offers C asks D involves 74Our family doctor's clinic __at the junction of two busy roads. A rests B stands C stays D seats 75She was so fat that she could only just __ through the door. A assemble B appear C squeeze D gather 76After the heavy rain, a builder was called to repair the roof, which was __. A leaking B trickling C prominent D noticeable
77The reception was attended by __ members of the local community. A excellent B conspicuous C prominent D noticeable 78Share prices on the Stock Exchange plunged sharply in the morning but __slightly in the afternoon. A regained B recovered C restored D revived 79His brain has worked away on the idea of a universal cure. A rich B quick C productive D fertile 80The couple has donated a not__ amount of money to the foundation. A inconsiderable B inconsiderate C inaccurate D incomparable PART Ⅴ READING COMPREHENSION TEXT A In the case of mobile phones, change is everything. Recent research indicates that the mobile phone is changing not only our culture, but our very bodies as well. First. Let's talk about culture. The difference between the mobile phone and its parent, the fixed-line phone, you get whoever answers it. This has several implications. The most common one, however, and perhaps the thing that has changed our culture forever, is the "meeting" influence. People no longer need to make firm plans about when and where to meet. Twenty years ago, a Friday night would need to be arranged in advance. You needed enough time to allow everyone to get from their place of work to the first meeting place. Now, however, a night out can be arranged on the run. It is no longer "see you there at 8", but "text me around 8 and we'll see where we all are". Texting changes people as well. In their paper, "insights into the Social and Psychological Effects of SMS Text Messaging", two British researchers distinguished between two types of mobile phone users: the "talkers" and the "texters"-those who prefer voice to text message and those who prefer text to voice. They found that the mobile phone's individuality and privacy gave texters the ability to express a whole new outer personality. Texters were likely to report that their family would be surprised if they were to read their texts. This suggests that texting allowed texters to present a self-image that differed from the one familiar to those who knew them well. Another scientist wrote of the changes that mobiles have brought to body language. There are two kinds that people use while speaking on the phone. There is the "speakeasy": the head is held high, in a self-confident way, chatting away. And there is the "spacemaker": these people focus on themselves and keep out other people. Who can blame them? Phone meetings get cancelled or reformed and camera-phones intrude on people's privacy. So, it is understandable if your mobile makes you nervous. But perhaps you needn't worry so much. After all, it is good to talk. 81 when people plan to meet nowadays, they A: arrange the meeting place beforehandB. postpone fixing the place till last minuteC: seldom care about when and where to meetD: still love to work out detailed meeting plans. 82 According to the two British researchers, the social and psychological effect are mostly likely to be seen on A: TALKERSB; the "speakeasy"c. the "spacemaker"D. texters 83 We can infer from the passage that the texts sent by texters are A: quite revealingB: well writtenc: unacceptable by othersd; shocking to others
84 according to the passage ,who is afraid of being heard while talking on the mobile a: talkersb: the speakeasyc :the spacemakerd: texters 85 an appropriate title for the passage might be A: the SMS effectb: cultural implication of mobile use c: change in the use of the mobiled: body language and the mobile phone! TEXT B Over the last 25 years, British society has changed a great deal-or at least many parts of it have. In some ways, however, very little has changed, particularly where attitudes are concerned. Ideas about social class-whether a person is "working-class" or "middle-class" -are one area in which changes have been extremely slow. In the past, the working-class tended to be paid less than middle-class people, such as teachers and doctors. As a result of this and also of the fact that workers' jobs were generally much less secure, distinct differences in life-styles and attitudes came into existence. The typical working man would collect his wages on Friday evening and then, it was widely believed, having given his wife her "housekeeping", would go out and squander the rest on beer and betting. The stereotype of what a middle-class man did with his money was perhaps nearer the truth. He was-and still is - inclined to take a longer-term view. Not only did he regard buying a house of these provided him and his family with security. Only in very few cases did workers have the opportunity （or the education and training） to make such long-term plans. Nowadays, a great deal has changed. In a large number of cases factory workers earn as much, if not more, than their middle-class supervisors. Social security and laws to improve century, have made it less necessary than before to worry about "tomorrow". Working-class people seem slowly to be losing the feeling of inferiority they had in the past. In fact there has been a growing tendency in the past few years for the middle-classes to feel slightly ashamed of their position. The changes in both life-styles and attitudes are probably most easily seen amongst younger people. They generally tend to share very similar tastes in music and clothes, they spend their money in having a good time, and save for holidays or longer-term plans when necessary. There seems to be much less difference than in precious generations. Nevertheless, we still have a wide gap between the well-paid （whatever the type of job they may have） and the low-paid. As long as this gap exists, there will always be a possibility that new conflicts and jealousies will emerge, or rather that the old conflicts will re-appear, but between different groups. 86, which of the following is seen as the cause of class differences in the past? A: life style and occupationB: Attitude and incomeC: income and job securityD: job security and hobbies 87 the writer seems to suggest that the description of —— is closer to truth? A: middle -class ways of spending moneyB: working-class ways of spending the weekendC: working-class drinking habitsD: middle-class attitudes 88 according to the passage, which of the following is not a typical feature of the middle -class? A: desiring for securityB: Making long term plansC: having priorities in life D: saving money 89 working -class people's sense of security increased as a resulf of all the follwoing factor except? A: better social securityB: more job opportunities
C: higher living standardD: better legal protection. 90 Which of the following statement is incorrect? A: Changes are slowly taking place in all sectors of the British society. B: The gap between working -class and middle- class young people is narrowing C: different in income will remain but those in occupation will disappear D: middle-class people may sometimes feel inferior to working-class people!
TEXT C For several days I saw little of Mr. Rochester. In the morning he seemed much occupied with business, and in the afternoon gentlemen from the neighourhood called and some times stayed to dine with him. When his foot was well enough, he rode out a great deal. During this time, all my knowledge of him was limited to occasional meetings about the house, when he would sometimes pass me coldly, and sometimes bow and smile. His changes of manner did not offend me, because I saw that I had nothing to do with the cause of them. One evening, several days later, I was invited to talk to Mr. Rochester after dinner. He was sitting in his armchair, and looked not quite so severe, and much less gloomy. There was a smile on his lips, and his eyes were bright, probably with wine. As I was looking at him, he suddenly turned, and asked me, "do you think I'm handsome, Miss Eyre?" The answer somehow slipped from my tongue before I realized it: 'No, sir." "ah, you really are unusual! You are a quiet, serious little person, but you can be almost rude." "Sir, I'm sorry. I should have said that beauty doesn't matter, or something like that," "no, you shouldn't! I see, you criticize my appearance, and then you stab me in the back! You have honesty and feeling. There are not many girls like you. But perhaps I go too fast. Perhaps you have awaful faults to counterbalance your few good points I thought to myself that he might have too. He seemed to read my mind, and said quickly," yes, you're right. I have plenty of faults. I went the wrong way when I was twenty-one, and have never found the right path again. I might have been very different. I might have been as good as you, and perhaps wiser. I am not a bad man, take my word for it, but I have done wrong. It wasn't my character, but circumstances which were to blame. Why do I tell you all this? Because you're the sort of person people tell their problems and secrets to, because you're sympathetic and give them hope." It seemed he had quite a lot to talk to me. He didn't seem to like to finish the talk quickly, as was the case for the first time. "Don't be afraid of me, Miss Eyre." He continued. " you don't relax or laugh very much, perhaps because of the effect Lowood school has had on you. But in time you will be more natural with me, and laugh, and speak freely. You're like a bird in a cage. When you get out of the cage, you'll fly very high. Good night." 91:at the beginning miss Eyre 's impressions of Mr. Rochester were all except A: busyB: sociableC: friendlyD: changeable 92, in "……and all my knowledge him was limited to occasional meetings about the house,…".the word about means A: aroundB: on C: outsideD: concerning.
93. why did Mr. Rochester say" ……and the you stab me in the back!" the （7thpara.
A: because Jane had intended to kill him with a knife B: because Jane had intended to be more critical. C: because Jane had regretted having talked to him D: because Jane had said something else to correct herself. 94, from what Mr. Rochest told Miss Eyre, we can conclude that he wanted to A: Tell her all his trouble B: tell her his life experience.
C: change her opinion of himD change his circumstances 95, at the end of the passage , Mr. Rochester sounded A: rudeB: coldC: friendlyD: encouraging. TEXTD The ideal companion machine-the computer- would not only look, feel, and sound friendly but would also be programmed to behave in a pleasant manner. Those qualities that make interaction comfortable, and yet the machine would remain slightly unpredictable and therefore interesting. In its first encounter it might be somewhat hesitant, but as it came to know the user it would progress to a more relaxed and intimate style. The machine would not be a passive participant but would add its own suggestions, information, and opinions; it would sometimes take the initiative in developing or changing the topic and would have a personality of its own. Friendships are not made in a day, and the computer would be more acceptable as a friend if it imitated the gradual changes that occur when one person is getting to know another. At an appropriate time it might also express the kind of affection that stimulates attachment and intimacy. The whole process would be accomplished in a subtle way to avoid giving an impression of over-familiarity that would be likely to produce irritation. After experiencing a wealth of powerful, well-timed friendship indicators, the user would be very likely to accept the computer as far more than a machine and might well come to regard it as a friend. An artificial relationship of this type would provide many of the benefits that could continue from previous discussions. It would have a familiarity with the user's life as revealed in earlier contact, and it would be understanding and good-humored. The computer's own personality would be lively and impressive, and it would develop in response to that of the user. With features such as these, the machine might indeed become a very attractive social partner. 96. Which of the following is not a feature of the ideal companion machine? A: Active in communicationB: Attractive in personality. C: enjoyable in performanceD: unpredictable in behaviour 97. The computer would develop friendships with humans in a （n） ——way. A: Quick B: unpredictableC: productiveD: inconspicuous.
98. Which of the following aspects is not mentioned when the passage discusses the benefits of artificial relationships? A: Being able to pick up an interesting conversation.B: Being sensitive to earlier contact. C: Being ready to learn about the person's life personality. 99 Throughout the passage, the author is _____in his attitude toward the computer A: favorableB: critical C: vague D: hesitant D: Having a pleasant and adaptable
100. Which might be the most appropriate title of the passage? A: Articial relationships . C: The affectionate machine B: How to form intimate relationships D: Humans and computers