山 西 省 忻 州 一 中 康 杰 中 学 临 汾 一 中 长 治 二 中 2014 届高三第二次四校联考英语试题（解析版）
（考试时间 120 分钟，满分 150 分，听力不计入总分）
第Ⅰ卷（选择题 共 115 分）
第一部分 听力（共两节,满分 30 分） 第一节(共 5 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 7.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最 佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间回答有关小题和阅 读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1. What does the man mean? A. He doesn't know why the coffee tastes bad. B. He thinks they ought to go to the coffee shop. C. He only wants coffee because he isn't hungry. 2. Why did the man want to go to the library? A. To return a book. 3. What does the man mean? A. Margie has gone home. B. He's known Margie for a long time. C. He just met Margie. 4. Why was Carl at the hospital? A. He was sick. 5. What is the woman riding in? A. In a train. B. In a plane. C. In a taxi. B. His wife was sick. C. He was visiting his daughter. B. To borrow a book. C. To read something.
第二节(共 15 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 22.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个 选项中选出最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置，听每段对话或独白前，你有时间阅读各个 小题，每小题 5 秒钟；听完后，各小题给出 5 秒钟的作答时间，每段对话或独白读两遍。 听下面一段对话，回答第 6 和第 7 两个小题。 听第 6 段材料，回答第 6-7 题。
6. What's the man? A. A film star. 7. What's the man's name? A. Grand Prix. B. Joe. C. Studio. B. A bus driver. C. A famous racing-driver.
听第 7 段材料，回答第 8-10 题。 8. What are they talking about? A. About the plan for tonight. B. About a terrible old film. C. About whether they will go to the film. 9. How often do they go to the film? A. Very often. B. Seldom. C. Once a week.
10. What does the man think of the film Spy Story? A. It is interesting. B. It is old. C. It is frightening.
听第 8 段材料，回答第 11-14 题。 11. Which day do most Americans like least? A. Saturday. B. Monday. C. Sunday.
12. What day do most Americans like best? A. Saturday. B. Monday. C. Sunday.
16. How much do newly released movies cost to rent? A. $2.00. B. $20.00. C. $5.00.
17. On what day does this conversation take place? A. On Sunday. B. On Wednesday. C. On Thursday.
听第 10 段材料，回答第 18-20 题。 18. Where does the speaker come from? A. America. B. France. C. China.
19. What party is talked about? A. A birthday party of an American woman. B. A special party held for her teachers. C. A young woman's birthday. 20. If an American woman is celebrating her 29th birthday, how old may she really be? A. 29. B. 39. C. 70.
第二部分：英语知识运用（共两节，满分 55 分） 第一节：单项填空（共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 21. --- Will you please spare me a few minutes now? --- ___, but I’ll be free in half an hour. A. No, I can’t B. Yes, with pleasure C. No problem D. I’m afraid not
22. That is ___ most moving play so that ___ most people like to see it. A. a; a B. the; the C. the; / D. a; /
23. The unemployment figures this year are close to ___ of the year before last. A. that B. ones C. one D. those
24. It is well known ___ a person eats causes changes in the body. A. what B. that what C. what that D. that
25. You should try to get a good night sleep____ much work you have to do. A. however B. whatever C. no matter D. although
26. I was not bothered by his poor English ___ by his lack of manners. A. as much as B. as C. than D. rather than
27. ---Did you notice Tom was busy all day in his office? ---Oh, yes, he has just finished his business tour of Chicago. He has a lot of work to ___. A. take up B. make up C. come up D. carry out
28. I’m very happy ___ a chance ___ your school. A. to give… to visit C. to be given…to visit B. giving… visiting D. to be given…visiting
29. The flower is dead. I ___ it more water. A. will give C. could have given 【答案】D B. ought to give D. ought to have given
30. I have been studying computer for years and I still ___. A. have B. do C. have been D. am
31. ____, I had to buy a new one. A. My dictionary losing C. Because my dictionary lost B. My dictionary having been lost D. My dictionary had been lost
32. Sorry to have kept you waiting. You must have thought ___. A. we are not coming C. we did not come 【答案】B 【解析】 B. we were not coming D. we were not come
33. Hearing the sound, the animal disappeared into the bushes, ___ Mrs. Stone picked up her bag and ran all the way home. A. after that B. after what C. after which D. after when
34. The teacher frowned ___ annoyance when a student fell asleep during his lesson. A. at B. to C. with D. for
35. Nowhere else in such a small town, I think, ___ a book as good as this one. A. can you get B. does you get C. was you get D. you will get
第二节：完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 40 分） 阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，然后从 36—55 各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中， 选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
Basically, people are afraid of giving talks in front of others. Some may have negative __36__ in the past, such as being laughed at by others. Now the best way is to practice, practice, and practice. Most people don’t want to hear this, but the best way to __37__ a fear of public speaking is really practice, practice, and practice. __38__ any fear ahead allows us to control it, rather than let it control us. Our overreactions to our fears are really our brains trying to __39__ us from seeing it as a threatening situation. __40__ faint (眩晕) is a good way to keep us off a stage, saving us from the threat of __41__. But, the more we experience the “threatening” situation without the harm, the more we’re able to __42__ that fear. A good way to begin feeling comfortable while __43__ publicly is to start small. Start __44__ stories with friends and co-workers __45__. This could be something you read about in the news, or something you did __46__ the weekend. This point is to practice speaking in front of others, and feeling __47__ at it. If you have no problem speaking __48__ in front of the other friends, __49__ shake at the thought of getting behind a podium (讲台) and speaking in front of __50__, then practicing behind a podium is what you must do. __51__ there exist speaking clubs for you such as Toastmaster’s International, in which people meet __52__. You can join a club in your area and practice speaking in public every week, as well as __53__ speeches on a better basis. You will also receive advice on your __54__ as well as your strengths. You’ll probably be __55__ to find out that you’re better than you thought you were. 【小题 1】A. opinion 【小题 2】A. promote 【小题 3】A. Reading 【小题 4】A. protect 【小题 5】A. Controlling 【小题 6】A. bravery 【小题 7】A. dig out 【小题 8】A. introducing 【小题 9】A. sharing 【小题 10】A. secretly 【小题 11】A. from 【小题 12】A. proud 【小题 13】A. socially 【小题 14】A. and 【小题 15】A. parents B. judgments B. organize B. Facing B. separate B. Reducing B. gratitude B. cut off B. speaking B. making B. happily B. with B. successful B. personally B. or B. teachers C. arguments C. conquer C. Ignoring C. ban C. Feeling C. sickness C. get over C. explaining C. writing C. shyly C. over C. unique C. privately C. for C. strangers D. experiences D. strengthen D. Raising D. warn D. Limiting D. shame D. take off D. producing D. correcting D. bravely D. for D. nervous D. honorably D. but D. relatives
【小题 16】A. Unfortunately Mentally 【小题 17】A. instantly 【小题 18】A. listening to 【小题 19】A. advantages 【小题 20】A. interested B. frequently B. talking about B. weaknesses B. frightened
C. Doubtfully D.
C. occasionally C. recording C. features C. surprised
D. rarely D. copying D. excuses D. disturbed
【小题 1】考查名词：A. opinion 观点，B. judgments 判断，C. arguments 争论，D. experiences 经历，从后面的 such as being laughed at by others.可知有人有不好的经历，选 D
谈你在新闻中看到的事情，或是你在周末经历的事情，选 C 【小题 12】 考查形容词： A. proud 骄傲的， B. successful 成功的， C. unique 独特的， D. nervous 紧张的，关键是要在别人面前练习说话，对此感到成功，选 B 【小题 13 】考查副词： A. socially 在社交方面，善于交际地， B. personally 个人地， C. privately
第三部分：阅读理解（共两节，满分 60 分） 第一节（共 15 小题；每小题 3 分，满分 45 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C、D）中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上 将该项涂黑。 A My husband and I had just opened up a pet sitting business earlier that year. Our customers had slowly risen from three to thirty a month. We were busy through those hot summer months, driving between visits. Our services were strictly held at the pet owner’s home. It was almost too busy for the two of us, but we were making good money! We asked pet owners new to our services to phone two weeks ahead so we had enough time to meet the owners and pets at their homes and make any following meetings before the owner leaves. One day, we decided to take on a new customer just two days before they would leave. We met the family, filled in a form, and spent some time with their dog, Hercules. He playfully jumped on us and touched our hands and arms using his tongue. The family laughed as he did
this, showing us that he was very loving. Two days later I appeared at the house, alone. I came up to Hercules and said hello happily. I filled up his water bowl and cleaned any messes he made. Meanwhile, he was so lovely sitting beside. I thought this would be the good picture to send to the owners, a usual service. After the light and “click” sound went off, Hercules rushed at me. I didn’t know what had just happened until I noticed the drops of blood. I ran out and did the only thing — calling my husband. Then I went to neighbors for help. My husband arrived after ten minutes. The helpful neighbor and my husband led Hercules back into his pen (圈). Then my husband and I took off to the hospital. I must have looked like I was shot when I walked into the hospital. The nurses quickly moved me to a room. I asked the doctor in a weak but playful manner, “ Am I going to die？” He replied, “Finally.” 【小题 1】According to the text, the author’s work was A. tiring and dangerous C. well paid B. easy and free D. done outdoors .
【小题 2】What did the author often do during her work? A. Cleaning the clients’ house. B. Walking the pets outside. C. Bringing the pets to her own house. D. Taking a photo of pets to the owners. 【小题 3】It can be inferred from the text that the author was attacked because A. Hercules feared the sound and the flash B. the author attacked Hercules first C. Hercules was very hungry then D. the author treated Hercules badly 【小题 4】The doctor’s answer gave us a sense of A. anger B. humor . C. carelessness D. patience .
B A new study suggests that sad music might actually arouse positive emotions. The finding helps to explain why people enjoy listening to sad music, say Ai Kawakami and her colleagues from Tokyo University of the Arts and the RIKEN Brain Science Institute, Japan. Ai Kawakami and her colleagues asked 44 volunteers, including both musicians and nonspecialists, to listen to two pieces of sad music and one piece of happy music. Each participant was required to use a set of keywords to rate both their perception(观念) of the music and their own emotional state. The sad pieces of music included Glinka’s La Separation in F minor and Blumenfeld’s Etude Sur Mer in G minor. The happy music piece was Granados’s Allegro de Concierto in G major. To control the “happy” effect of major key, they also played the minor key(小调) pieces in major key, and vise versa. The researchers explained that sad music aroused contradictory emotions because the participants of the study tended to feel sad to be more tragic and less romantic than they felt themselves while listening to it. “ In general, sad music causes sadness in listeners, and sadness is regarded as an unpleasant emotion. If sad music actually arouses only unpleasant emotion, we would not listen to it,” the researchers wrote in the study. “Music that is believed as sad actually causes romantic emotion as well as sad emotion.And people, regardless of their musical training, experience this ambivalent(矛盾的) emotion to listen to the sad music,” added the researchers.
Also, unlike sadness in daily life, sadness experienced through art actually feels pleasant, possibly because the latter does not cause an actual threat to our safety. This could help people to deal with their negative emotions in daily life, concluded the authors. “Emotion experienced by music has no direct danger or harm unlike the emotion experienced in everyday life. Therefore, we can even enjoy unpleasant emotion such as sadness. If we suffer from unpleasant emotion aroused through daily life, sad music might be helpful to alleviate negative emotion,” they added. 【小题 1】 People enjoy listening to sad music because _______. A. sad music may help arouse positive emotions B. sad music can make people relax C. Sad music has a positive effect on people’s health D. many experts recommend people to listen to sad music 【小题 2】We can learn from the passage that _______. A. sad music only causes sadness in listeners B. Only musicians were invited to take part in the survey C. The volunteers were asked to listen to three pieces of music in all D. Granados’s Allegro de Concierto in G major can cause positive emotions 【小题 3】The underlined word “alleviate” in the last paragraph means “ A. add B. strengthen C. cause ”. D. reduce
【小题 4】What is the main idea of this passage? A. People should listen to sad music. B. Happy music can make people sad. C. Sad music may actually cause positive emotions. D. Sad music is really bad to people.
C Recently the busiest person on the Internet is absolutely Yuanfang, a fictional figure from the Chinese TV series “Detective Di Renjie”. In the TV series, Li was often asked by Di, “How do you see it, Yuanfang?” Then, the dialogues between them help advance the plot. Now, the casual pet phrase is used as many as 2.5 million times by netizens in a single day, according to statistics. In fact, it is not the first popular sentence pattern on the Internet. Many other types of popular network words include those evolved from “the slogans of Vancl(凡客网)” and actor’s lines of “The Legend of Concubine Zhen Huan”. The explosive spread of the sentence “How do you see it, Yuanfang?” again proved the vast power of the network spread. The appearance of a buzzword(流行词) on the Internet may be coincidental, but the spread of numerous buzzwords has started a social and cultural phenomenon. It is more noticeable that the spread is not a deliberate choice but by chance. Usually, everyone has known about it, except the one concerned. The appearance of buzzwords is resulting from the agreement of netizens. If something is new and interesting enough, it will cause public attention. The rise of these buzzwords also benefits from their strong “adhesive(粘着的) force”. After analyzing these buzzwords, we find that they have a common character, namely “novel in
structure but empty in content”. Therefore, any concrete contents can be added in these buzzwords, creating fantastic results. Taking the “Yuanfang-style” as an example, its popularity displayed a social mentality of questioning. Although it seems a little funny to ask “Yuanfang”, a fictional character, and some people even find it boring. This way of asking a question reveals a valuable quality-listening. The Internet provides a space for everyone to express their views, but it also causes controversies. What’s your opinion, Yuanfang? 【小题 1】We can learn from the passage that Yuanfang A. is the busiest person in modern industrial societies B. plays an important role in a Chinese TV series C. is a fictional figure currently popular with netizens D. starts a social and cultural phenomenon by himself 【小题 2】What does the underlined words “a deliberate choice” in Paragraph3 mean? A. a choice made on purpose C. a choice done in person B. a choice made by accident D. a choice done at ease .
【小题 3】Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage? A. The dialogues between Di Renjie and Yuanfang help understand the network buzzwords. B. The “Yuanfang-style” suggests once again that the power of the network spread is quite vast. C. The spread of numerous buzzwords has started a social development of structure and content. D. The result of the netizens’ agreement directly leads to the rise of some socially strong problems. 【小题 4】What can we infer from the last passage? A. People benefited from the Internet on which they can learn a lot about real society. B. People learned about some controversies from the Internet and decided to deal with them. C. People provided a space through which they can display their own criminal mentality. D. People found out a place where they can question and express their different views.
D Still seeking a destination for your long summer holidays? There is a good place which may be your favorite option. Arts of Hope is an overnight performing arts summer camp in Saint Paul, Minnesota, the USA for kids aged 10 and older from around the world. More than just a performing arts camp, Arts of Hope offers participants a unique opportunity to live with kids from other cultures while learning and performing music from many countries. Each summer, up to 75 children venture to Minnesota from Europe, Asia, Africa, Latin America, the Middle East, and the US. They arrive as strangers but soon become friends as they learn popular songs and dances from each other’s cultures. The lessons learned during these six
weeks are profound. The friendships are enduring. And the stories are inspirational. Taking part in the Arts of Hope camp is a life-changing experience. DATES The Arts of Hope 2013 session will run from June 17 to July 30. Because Arts of Hope is a global camp, it is impossible for us to schedule the program to fit all the school schedules of all the schools in the world. Therefore, we understand that some participants may need to arrive late or leave early. Don’t let that stop you from applying! We are happy to make special arrangements as needed. Just send us an email to explain your scheduling challenges. We are happy to arrange a special study room for late arrivals to make up for the missed lessons. PARTICIPANT FEE For the 2013 summer, the fee for new, first-time participants is $2,950, subject to the special discounts offered below. SPECIAL DISCOUNTS If you apply before February 28, you can get a special fee reduction of $100. Also, there is a 20% fee discount for additional participants from your family if you have a brother or sister who is a Arts of Hope participant. The discount applies to the second, third, and any other additional siblings attending in the same year from the same family. Apply early to assure your place! Please sign up now! 【小题 1】 Which of the following statement is not true? A. The camp will last more than one month. B. The discount applies to the third sibling from the same family. C. Kids can learn more about different cultures. D. You’d better sign up for the camp early. 【小题 2】If you leave early or arrive late, what will happen ? A. They will make up for the missed lessons. B. You will have to attend the next year’s camp. C. They will give you a special discount. D. You will have to miss some lessons. 【小题 3】 If you and your sister apply for the first time on May 16, how much will both of you pay in total？ A. $4，720 B. $5，310 C. $5，900 D. $5，700
第二节： （共 5 小题；每小题 3 分，满分 15 分） 根据短文内容，从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多 余选项。
Raising Confident Kids Self-esteem(自尊) is a collection of beliefs or feelings we have about ourselves. Having a healthy self-esteem can protect us through difficult times and help us remain focused on what is important to us. Research shows that children with high self-esteem grow up to be more confident adults. Self-esteem building should start from young. Praise actions Young children need feedback. It’s how they measure their actions and it plays a role in learning from experience. Provide specific praise about actual actions performed and efforts 71
made in the process. Identify strengths
Preschoolers are always watching each other. On the bright side, they learn new things from each other. On the other side, they can become self-critical when they see a peer accomplishing something they still struggle to do. 73 they start to draw comparisons. Foster(培养) a sense of belonging Young children may not understand how peer pressure (同龄人的压力) works, but they feel it when they’re being excluded(排除). Show your children that they are important by listening to and responding to their needs and ideas. As much as possible, save grown-up conversations for later so that you can have family conversations. 75 As much as they need us, they also need to work on taking small steps towards independence. When they know they can do things, they feel more confident. Teach problem-solving skills. Step aside and let them work on challenges before jumping in to help. Help by asking, “ How can we do this in a different way? Let’s come up with some ideas together.” Getting kids involved in problem-solving teaches them how to deal with challenges in the future. Building and maintaining healthy self-esteem can be a lifelong process, but the sooner you start, the more confident your children will become. A. Encourage Independence B. Spend quality time with children C. Try to address their concerns as they arise, no matter how minor. D. If praise is only attached to success, kids will focus on “ winning”. E. Be sure to point out your children’s strengths regularly and be specific. F. Below are some tips to help you promote your children’s self-esteem. G. Each parent has the responsibility to help children to become confident. 74 Tell your children to focus on their strengths when
第Ⅱ卷（非选择题 共 35 分） 第四部分 写作（共两节，满分 35 分） 第一节：短文改错（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文，请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中 共有 10 处语言错误，每句中最多有两处，每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号（∧） ，并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线（\）划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意：1.每处错误及其修改均限一词。 2.只允许修改 10 处，多者（从第 11 处起）不计分。 Nowadays, lots of students plan to study abroad and study abroad has been popular in our country. More and more middle school students would like to go to abroad. Is it good to study abroad? In my opinion, on the one hand, it had some advantages. Studying abroad can provide better studying condition. People can make rapid progress on their foreign language study and it can also help widen their field of view. Beside, young students can learn advancing science and technology from foreign countries and spread cultures of different nations. On the other hand, it has disadvantages. For example, because of lack of living experience and poor capability to take care of themselves, they may feel alone and homesick. In addition, highly living expenses and tuition fees will become heavy burden upon their parents.
考点：考查短文改错 第二节：书面表达（满分 25 分） 假设你是李华， 你的美国朋友 Peter 信询问你们的学习情况。 请你根据以下提供的信息， 写一封 100 字左右的回信，谈谈自从你校实行新课改以，尝试新的学习方法，你们学习情 况的变化。电子邮件的格式已为你写好。 过去 老师满堂灌 ，学生忙于做笔记；晚上加班做作业。 现在 小组讨论，自主学习；活动形式多样。 Dear Peter, I’m glad to hear from you again． ______
____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ Yours, Li Hua