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2017-2018学年广东省阳江市阳春一中高三(上)第一次月考英语试卷


2017-2018 学年广东省阳江市阳春一中高三(上)第一次月考英 语试卷
第一部分 阅读理解 第一节(满分 30 分)阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选 项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑. 21. (8 分)Artificial intelligence,or AI,has been applied in a wide range of fields to perform specific tasks, including education, finance, heavy industry, transportation, and so on. Education There are a number of companies that create robots to teach subjects to children ranging from biology to computer science,though such tools have not become widespread yet.Advancements in natural language processing,combined with machine learning,have also enabled automatic grading of assignments.AI has also led to an explosion in popularity of MOOCs,or Massive Open Online Courses,which allows students from around the world to take classes online. Finance Use of AI in banking can be tracked back to 1987.Banks use artificial intelligence systems to organize operations,maintain book﹣keeping,invest in stocks,and manage properties.Also,systems are being developed,like Atria,to translate complex data into simple and personable language.There are also wallets,like Wallet AI,which monitor an individual's spending habits and provides ways to improve them. Heavy industry Robots have become common in many industries and are often given jobs that are considered dangerous to humans.Robots have proven effective in jobs that are very repetitive which may lead to mistakes or accidents due to failure in concentration and other jobs which humans may find degrading. Transportation Today's cars can have Al﹣based driver assist features such as self﹣parking and
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advanced cruise controls. AI in transportation is expected to provide safe, efficient, and reliable transportation while minimizing the impact on the environment and communities. Toys and games Companies like Mattel have been creating AI﹣enabled toys for kids as young as age three.Using proprietary AI engines and speech recognition tools,they are able to understand conversations,give intelligent responses and learn quickly.AI has also been applied to video games,for example video game bots,which are designed to stand in as opponents where humans aren't available or desired.

21.Which is true about AI and education? A.Robots have been widely used to teach children . B.AI has been used to grade students'homework. C.AI has enabled more students to receive education at school. D.Education was the first field where AI was used. 22.Which can be inferred from the passage? A.Atria can help people understand complex data. B.Wallet AI can help people make more money. C.Robots'jobs are considered dangerous to humans. D.Robots can help people concentrate. 23.From the last two paragraphs we can know that A.Today's drivers needn't learn to park their cars B.AI ensures safe,efficient,and reliable transportation C.AI﹣enabled toys is designed to improve kids'intelligence D.Video game bots can fight against you in video games 24.What is the passage mainly about? A.The latest progress in AI. B.AI is of great use. C.Some applications of AI.
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D.AI is used in all fields. 25. (8 分) When I was a boy we used to live across the road from a big hill with huge oak trees growing out of it. When winter arrived, thick, heavy snow would fall, and my two brothers would grab their sleds heading over to the hill for a day of fun .I remember watching them with envy because I was still too small to go sledding.Finally,one winter I was considered big enough and joined my brothers as they carried their sleds up the long hill and prepared to ride down it . The first few trips I rode with one of my brothers and had the time of my life.It was so exhilarating when the wind whipped across my face as I flew down the hillside on the wooden sled.Near the end of the day I was overjoyed too when my oldest brother decided to let me try riding the sled all by myself .I climbed on it full of excitement and lay on my stomach.Then with one big push my brother sent me down the snowy hillside.I was doing pretty well too until I hit an old stump hidden by the snow and went off course,straight towards one of those big oak trees.My heart pounded in my chest and I could hear myself screaming.At the last possible second I rolled off and the sled crashed into the tree.I could hear my brothers running down the hill yelling,"You have to steer(操控) !You have to steer!" Sadly,that wasn't the last time I failed to steer when some obstacle knocked me off course in my life. Many times problems, troubles, and my own failures have sent me crashing into the trees of anger,frustration,and despair.I am still learning that life isn't always safe sledding. I am still learning that it is up to me to steer myself back to love,back to kindness,back to goodness,and back to God. Life is a trip,but no one ever said it was a smooth ride.Steer well then.Steer straight.Steer your soul towards the light and the love we are all meant for .

25.What do we know about the author when he was very young? A.He lived on a big hill with huge oak trees on it. B.He was frightened to go sledding with his brothers. C.He longed to go sledding with his brothers.
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D.He carried his brothers,sleds as they went sledding. 26 . Which of the following can replace the underlined word"exhilarating"in Paragraph 2? A.delightful B.terrifying C.ordinary D.violent 27.Why did the author fall off his sled? A.Because his sled crashed in an oak tree. B.Because he lost control of his sled. C.Because his brother pushed it so hard. D.Because the hillside was snowy. 28.What does the author mean to tell us? A.Losing control of a sled can be dangerous. B.Courage and determination can change one's life. C.Life can be controlled by one himself D.Life is a mystery full of coincidences. 29. (6 分)The popular TV program Readers has prompted more people in China to practice reading aloud in booths(亭) set up in big cities across the country. As the latest TV show to help people's love for literature recover,CCTV program Readers invites people from all walks of life to read aloud their favorite poems , essays and books, or even personal letters they wrote to their loved ones. Just as the weekly show has been well ﹣ received , its reading booths , equipped with professional recording devices and cameras,have become instant hits. A crowd of more than 200 people were pictured lining up outside the Shanghai Library at 11am on March 4﹣﹣﹣the first day of the booth's opening to the public in Shanghai.The deadline for registrations was brought forward to 2pm instead of the scheduled 5:30pm,as the number of waiting readers continued to grow.Some waited more than nine hours for a try﹣out in the booth,according to library management. "There is an old photo in the late 1970s capturing people lining up outside the Shanghai Library before it opens.If that was a spring of reading in Shanghai,now I
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think another spring has arrived again,"library manager Zhou Deming,told the Shanghai﹣based The Paper. The reading booth is the only one of its kind in the city of economic center at the moment, but more are expected to be put into use in the coming months, according to the library's website. The Readers program has also led to booths in other cities including Beijing, Hangzhou,Guangzhou and Xi'an to appeal to more people to read and share their life stories. With the recent boom of culture﹣themed TV shows such as Readers and Chinese Poetry Competition, some are optimistic that this will help the country love literature and reading again in general.

29.CCTV program Readers aims to A.teach people what to read B.attract people's s attention to CCTV C.invite people to read aloud in the booth



D.arouse people's fresh enthusiasm for reading 30.We can learn from Paragraph 3that .

A.Some people waited for a long time to read in the booth B.March 4was the first day of the opening of Shanghai Library C.On March 4,200 people read in the booth D.The time for registrations was lengthened for three and a half hours 31.The passage mainly tells US that .

A.Many people line up to read aloud in reading booths B.More reading booths will be set up in the future C.Readers has become popular all over China D.Readers has inspired more people to read aloud in reading booths. 32. (8 分) Following the crowd may not always be in a person's best interest . But new research suggests that teens who go along with their friends may end up healthier as
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adults. Scientists have known that close friendships help boost health .That's true for both teens and adults.The finding inspired Joseph Allen,a psychologist at the University of Virginia,and his team to study whether experiences during teen years would influence adult health. So they followed 171teens,starting when the kids were just 13.They interviewed each one every year for five years, and also spoke to these teens'closest friends, who provided additional information about the quality of their friendships .The same 171people were interviewed again at ages 25,26and 27.This time,the questions surveyed each person's overall health.When the researchers analyzed the data they found a strong connection between a teen's behavior and adult health .Teens who had close friends grew up to be the healthier adults.Whether teens held back their feelings or expressed them to a close friends also influenced later health.Those who held back were more likely to be sick as adults.The connection held up even after the scientists accounted for other possible influences on health .Weight,family income and drug use were all examined.So were mental health issues,such as anxiety and depression. And in these people, such other factors did not explain adult health as well as teen friendships did. Going along with the crowd may have benefits,says Allen,but there are also drawbacks.Teens who are more independent tend to do better at school and work.And peer pressure may lead some kids to engage in risky behavior,such as smoking,drinking or using drugs.Dealing with it is an ongoing challenge,Allen acknowledges."Finding the right balance is the key.Teens shouldn't lose heart for not finding this easy."And,he adds,"Parents need to be understanding about the pressures teens face."

32.Where can you probably read this passage? A.Science fiction B.Health column
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C.Fashion magazine D.Entertainment newspaper 33.We can learn from Allen's study that .

A.many other factors have a greater influence on adult health than teen friendships B.mental health issues have nothing to do with adult health C.the same 171teens were interviewed each year from 13 to 27 D.the teens who couldn't express themselves grew up to be unhealthier 34.According to what Allen said,we can know that .

A.in order to do better at school,teens should not follow the crowd B.though it's challenging for teens to deal with peer pressure,they should not give up C.teens will engage in smoking,drinking or using drugs when facing peer pressure D.parents should understand their teens and stop them going with friends 35.What can be inferred from the passage? A.There is nothing bad for teens to follow the crowd. B.Close friendships are the most important for people's health. C.Teen friendships may turn out healthier adults. D.Adult health is only influenced by teen friendships.

第二节(满分 10 分)根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最 佳选项.选项中有两项为多余选项. 36. (10 分) How to pick a great book to read The world is full of great books,just waiting to be read.How can you pick one you'll really like?Here are some tips: What makes you happy? If you have a favorite hobby or pastime,look for books about that activity. ( 36) Do there exist a few careers you're interested in?You can find books about almost anything you like,and you're more likely to enjoy reading a book if you're already
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interested in its subject. Fact or fiction? ( 37) Those are called fiction books. Novels, short stories, and fables are

all examples of fiction.These books can transport you to another world or help you imagine something beyond your own experience. Nonfiction books give you the who, what,when,and why.They tell stories using facts﹣but that doesn't mean they're boring. Nonfiction books am briny to life everything from the first trip to the moon to what it's like to explore the deepest ocean.Many of them read like novels from start to finish.Try both fiction and nonfiction books to see which you like better. Find a family favorite. What was your mother's favorite book when she was your age?Or your dad's? What about a sibling's?(38) Then you can talk about what they liked

about it and share your thoughts.It's a fun to get to know your family a little better, and to find a book you'll enjoy! (39) Your local library is a great place to find books that you'll love , and you

don't have to search all by yourself.Tell a librarian about your interests﹣rock stars, sports,teams,historical events,whatever you're into﹣and the names of some books you already like.Your librarian can help you find other books that you're sure to love.Your teacher is another good person to ask. Launch a book swap. Why not get some friends together and trade favorite books?It's always fun to see what your friends are reading.Even if they're not exactly bookworms,you can all encourage each other to read and share books and authors you like .You also can look for book swaps in your area. (40)

A.Ask them and give it a read. B.Read as many books as possible. C.It's a great way to build your personal library for free! D.Ask an expert.
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E.Some books are entirely made up and imagined F.Are you really into dinosaurs or dogs or a specific celebrity? G.Set up a local library.

第二部分 英语知识运用(共两节)第一节 完形填空(每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分)阅读干面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A,B,C,D)中,选出可 以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑. 41. (30 分) My mother was a giver. The occasion never (41) birthdays,anniversaries or no occasion at all. She was always thinking about who might (42) went into the gifts she gave, and she (44) what. Creativity and (43) a thank you note. Once she sent ﹣﹣Christmas,

out a note to her own children and grandchildren who had not acknowledged gifts , (45) that they were now on her"Fecal Roster (黑名单) "and would not be she had received a proper thank you. a thank you,she'd give you another gift the next manners were your problem,

removed (46) Even if you didn't (47) (48) not hers.

she had. She figured (49)

Every time Mom and Dad (50)

to visit, all of us would gather in the driveway a

as they unloaded luggage. There was always something for the kids, (51) couple of little toys or a big (52) for particular occasion.They were(53)

of homemade cookies. They weren't gifts "Isn't life great?"gifts. bag.Inside

One spring when they came to visit,she handed me a (54) was a painting that ( 55 )

: "A Special Daughter . You've ( 56 )

laughter and joy to our lives and so much love to our hearts.The most precious things we can (57) and Love." Mom was a (59) gift giver, but the best gifts we will always remember her and her love for us. C.varied D.arose for you are the things you have given us…(58)

for were her lover for (60) 41.A.mattered B.occurred

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42.A.wonder 43.A.thoughtfulness 44.A.ignored 45.A.assuming 46.A.once 47.A.send 48.A.time 49.A.mistaken 50.A.walked by 51.A.often 52.A.tank 53.A.fairly 54.A.cookie 55.A.read 56.A.showed 57.A.apply 58.A.Assistance 59.A.extreme 60.A.life

B.praise B.sympathy B.appreciated B abusing B.after B.purchase B.chance B.bad B.wandered around B.always B.cage B.apparently B.toy B.told B.awarded B.wish B.Privilege B.serious B.kids

C.enjoy C.justice C.promised C.stating C.when C.conduct C.festival C.silly C.drove over C.never C.container C.especially C.hand C.wrote C.devoted C.recommend C.Happiness C.grand C.families

D.approve D.authority D.resisted D.correcting D.until D.obtain D.holiday D.ridiculous D.rode away D.seldom D.holder D.simply D.gift D.appeared D.brought D.ask D.Satisfaction D.great D.gifts

第二节(每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分)阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容 (1 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式. 61. (15 分)Recent months have seen a return of bike across China.With an increasing number of people choosing cycling instead of (61) (drive) to

schools,to workplaces or to do sightseeing.The introduction of bike﹣sharing programs has brought the trend to a new level. The bikes (62) (equip) with GPS and can be left anywhere in public for

the next user.They're popular among many Chinese people as they provide(63) effective solution in places (64) it's difficult to change from one kind of

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transport to another.Bike﹣sharing is a (65) transportation and (66)

(green) method of

(provide) a more friendly experience. (legal)

However,the programs have also led to problems such as (67)

parking, deliberate (蓄意的) damaging and theft. To deal with these problems, the company came up with the idea of encouraging people (68) the bikes to stations (69) (return)

rewarding free time for their next rides. Now,

Chinese service operators are also trying to address these problems,too.For example , Mobike sets a 100 ﹣ point credit score for each user , with ( 70 ) (point)taken in the case of bad behavior. Once a score drops below 80, bike rental is increased to 100yuan per 30minutes,up from 0.5﹣1yuan.

第三部分 写作(共两节)第一节 短文改错 71. (10 分)假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写 的以下作文.文中共有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处.每处错误仅涉及一 个单词的增加、删除或修改. 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(八) ,并在其下而写出该加的词. 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉. 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下而写出修改后的词. 注意: 1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 ll 处起)不计分. Last Friday,we were having our class while our teacher Miss Li suddenly slipped and fall to the ground.All the students were concern about her.Helped by some students,I carried her on back to the clinic immediately.Her left leg was turned out to be broken and she had to stay in hospital for half a month .The following day,we paid a visit for her with flower and fruits.See her leg wrapped in bandages,all of us felt sorry for her, hoping she would recover soon. Unexpectedly, only five days late, Miss Li returned to the class on a wheelchair to give us lessons.We were deep moved,all rising to applaud her.
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第二节书面表达 81. (25 分)假设你是 China Daily 报纸的编辑 Kate,你收到高三学生读者李华的 来信, 诉说上高三的困惑, 感觉和同学相处困难了, 并且觉得英语成绩难以提高, 想得到你的建议,请你写一封英文邮件进行回复. 1.你肯定了 Tom 上高三的困惑; 2.给出如何和同学相处的观点(至少 2 点) ; 3.给出如何学好英语的建议(至少 2 点) . 注意: 1.词数 100 左右; 2.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯; 3.文章的开头和结尾已经给出(不计入总词数) . .

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2017-2018 学年广东省阳江市阳春一中高三(上)第一次 月考英语试卷
参考答案

第一部分 阅读理解 第一节(满分 30 分)阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选 项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑. 21.B;A;D;C;25.C;A;B;C;29.D;A;D;32.B;D;B;C;

第二节(满分 10 分)根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最 佳选项.选项中有两项为多余选项. 36.F;E;A;D;C;

第二部分 英语知识运用(共两节)第一节 完形填空(每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分)阅读干面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A,B,C,D)中,选出可 以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑. 41.A;C;A;B;C;D;A;B;B;C;A;C;D;D;A;D;B;C;D;A;

第二节(每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分)阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容 (1 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式. 61.driving;are equipped;an;where;greener;provides;illegal;to return; by;points;

第三部分 写作(共两节)第一节 短文改错 71. ;

第二节书面表达 81.Dear Li Hua, I'm sorry you are having trouble in getting along with your classmates in Senior Three.Also you consider it hard to learn English well.I think it is normal for senior
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three students who are under the high pressure of study.But you can do something to overcome the problems.Here I'd like to my suggestions. To build up true friendship with your classmates,firstly I think you are supposed to be loyal to your classmates, thus helping you trust each other. Additionally, it would be a great idea if you learn to share happiness and sorrows with him ,which will be bound to make your friendship strengthen. As for how to improve your English,not only should you form the habit of consulting to a dictionary when meeting the new words but it is also appropriate to practise repeatedly, both of which are beneficial to learning English well. Besides, you should keep it in mind that you will never be afraid of making mistakes and try your best to communicate with others in English. Hopefully,you will make great progress in the new term. Yours, Kate;

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