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China daily vocabulary list ( Chinese-English) 中国日报单词表(汉英)updated March 24, 2002 / "爱国者"导弹 Patriot missile/ AA 制 Dutch treatment; go Dutch / A 股市 场 A share market / 《阿 Q 正传》 The True Story of Ah Q/ 奥委会 Olympic Committee/ 奥姆 真理教 Japanese Aum Doomsday Cult / 澳门大三巴牌坊 Ruins of St. Paul / 矮子里拔将军 choose a general from among the dwarfs--pick the best out of a mediocre bunch/ 艾滋病(获得性免 疫缺陷综合征) AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) / 爱 丽舍宫 Elysée Palace/ 爱心工程` Loving Care Project/ 爱屋及乌 Love me, love my dog./ 爱鸟周 Bird-Loving Week/ 爱尔兰共和军 Irish Republic Army (IRA)/ 爱国民 主人士 patriotic democratic personages/ 爱国统一战线 patriotic united front/ 安理会 Security Council/ 安乐死 euthanasia/ 安全第一,预防为主 Safety first, precaution crucial./ 安 全岛 safety strip/ 安第斯集团峰会 (拉美国家) Andean Summit/ 安 居工程 Comfortable Housing Project / 按劳分配 distribution according to one's performance / 按成本要素计算的国民经济总值 GNP at factor cost / 按揭贷款 mortgage loan / 按揭购房 to buy a house on mortgage; to mortgage a house / 按资排辈 to assign priority according to seniority/ 暗恋 unrequited love; fall in love with someone secretly / 暗箱操作 black case work B/ B to B (B2B) business to business / B to C (B2C) business to consumer / BP 机 beeper, pager/ B 超 type-B ultrasonic/ 《北美自由 贸易协定》 NAFTA (North American Free Trade Agreement) / 《本草纲 目》 Compendium of Materia Medica / 《伯尔尼公约》 (有关保护 文学和艺术作品版权的公约) Berne Convention / 《不见不散》 Be there or be square. / 搬迁户 a relocated unit or household/ 半拉子工程 uncompleted project / 半脱产 a partial sabbatical from work/ 半边 天 half the sky/ 半成品 semi-manufactured goods; semi-finished products/ 半决赛 semifinals/ 巴黎证券交易所 Paris Bourse / 巴勒斯坦民族解放运动, 简


称 FATEH/ 帮倒忙 trying to help but causing more trouble in the process/ 拔河(游戏) tug-of-war / 巴 解 the Palestinian Liberation Organization/ 把握大局 grasp the overall situation / 把关 guard a pass/ 棒球运动记者 scribe / 霸权 主义 hegemonism/ 摆脱贫困 shake off poverty; lift oneself from poverty/ 百闻不如一见 Seeing is believing./ 百慕大三角 Burmuda Triangle/ 摆谱儿 put on airs; show off; keep up appearances / 摆花架 子 a metaphor for presenting an attractive facade but in reality lacking substance/ 摆架子 put on airs / 包销人 underwriter/ 拜年 pay New Year call / 拜把兄弟 sworn brothers / 包车 to charter a vehicle (bus, train car, etc.); a chartered vehicle/ 包二奶 have a concubine (originally a Cantonese expression) / 包房 to reserve rooms in a hotel or guest house for exclusive use/ 包干制 overall rationing system; scheme of payment partly in kind and partly in cash / 包干到户 work contracted to households / 包工包料 contract for labor and materials / 包购包销 exclusive right to purchase and sell/ 包机 to charter a plane; a chartered plane/ 拜金主义 money worship/ 版权法 copyright law/ 版 税率 royalty rate/ 白马王子 Prince Charming / 白领犯罪 white-collar crime/ 白领工人 white-collar worker/ 白手起家 starting from scratch / 白色行情表 white sheet / 白色污染 white pollution/ 白色农业 "white agriculture (also called ""white engineering agriculture""; It refers to microbiological agriculture and biological cell agriculture.)" / 白色农业 white agriculture/ 白雪公 主 Snow White / 白金汉宫 Buckingham Palace/ 傍大款 (of a girl) find a sugar daddy; be a mistress for a rich man; lean on a moneybags / 剥离不良资产 strip bad assets off/ 剥夺冠军 strip the gold medal of somebody / 斑马线 zebra stripes/ 便携式电脑 portable computer; laptop; notebook computer / 贬值 devalue, devaluate, depreciate (of a currency)/ 便当 fast food / 标书 bidding documents / 比上不足,比 下有余 "worse off than some, better off than many; to fall short of the best, but be better than the worst" / 比基尼 bikini/ 比较经济学 comparative economics/ 表面文章
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lip service; surface formality/ 表演 赛 demonstration match / 毕业生 分配制度 assignment of graduates/ 表见代理 agency by estoppel/ 闭 门羹 given cold-shoulder / 闭关政 策 closed-door policy/ 闭卷 closed-book exam/ 冰雕 ice sculpture/ 冰毒 "ice, popular name for methamphetamine hydrochloride, a deadly addictive stimulant drug" / 避税 evade tax/ 逼上梁山 be driven to drastic alternatives / 变相涨价 disguised inflation / 变相涨价 disguised inflation/ 蹦迪 disco dancing/ 蹦极 bungee, bungee jumping / 薄利多 销 small profits but quick returns; small profits and good sales / 薄利 多销 small profit, large sale volume/ 保理业务 factoring business / 保龄球 bowling/ 保释 on bail/ 保税区 the low-tax, tariff-free zone; bonded area/ 保税 区 tax-protected zone/ 保税仓库 bonded warehouse/ 保质期 guarantee period/ 保证重点支出 ensure funding for priority areas / 保证金 margins, collateral / 保证金 帐户 margin account/ 保值利率 index-linked interest rate; inflation-proof interest rate/ 保值储 蓄 inflation-proof bank savings / 保 持国民经济发展的良好势头 maintain a good momentum of growth in the national economy / 保持国民经济发展的良好势头 maintain a good momentum of growth in the national economy/ 保 持国有股 keep the State-held shares / 保兑银行 confirming bank/ 保护生态环境 preserve the ecological environment/ 保护伞 protective umbrella/ 保护主义 protectionism/ 保护关税 protective duty/tariff/ 保护价格 protective price/ 保健食品 health-care food / 保健按摩 therapeutic massage/ 报 销 apply for reimbursement/ 报复 性关税 retaliatory duty/ 报国计划 的实施 implementation of Dedicator's Project / 报关员 declarant / 暴发户 new rich; upstart (persons or households who suddenly became rich through unscrupulous means or unexpected opportunities)/ 爆冷门 produce an unexpected winner; a dark horse bobbing up/ 北约 NATO (the North Atlantic Treaty Organization)/ 北欧投资银行 Nordic Investment Bank / 背投屏幕 rear projection screen / 背黑锅 to become a scapegoat/ 备件 spare


parts / 被动吸烟 passive smoking; second-hand smoking/ 奔小康 strive for a relatively comfortable life / 本命年 one's year of birth considered in relation to the 12 Terrestrial Branches / 本垒打 circuit clout, four-master, round trip / 本票 cashier's cheque/ 本本主义 bookishness / 笨鸟先飞 A slow sparrow should make an early start. / 兵马俑 terra-cotta figures; soldier and horse figures/ 边缘知识人 Marginal intellectuals/ 边缘科学 boundary science / 边缘科学 borderline science/ 边远贫困地区 outlying poverty-stricken areas/ 边 际效益 marginal benefit/ 边际薪酬 marginal salaries/ 边际报酬 marginal return / 并网发电 combined to the grid/ 博士生 Ph.D candidate / 博士后 post-doctoral/ 博彩(业) lottery industry / 博导 tutor of a Ph.D. student/ 伯乐 a good judge of talent (a name of a legendary person in the state of Qin during the Spring and Autumn Period who excelled in evaluating horses)/ 补缺选举 by-election / 补 偿贸易 compensatory trade/ 不买 帐 not take it; not go for it/ 不良贷 款 non-performing loan / 不眠之夜 white night / 不明飞行物 unidentified flying object (UFO)/ 不 惹是非 Stay out of trouble.; Let sleeping dogs lie. / 不以物喜,不以 己悲 not pleased by external gains, not saddened by personnal losses/ 不正之风 bad (harmful) practice; unhealthy tendency / 不正当竞争 unfair competition/ 不遗余力 spare no effort; go all out; do one's best/ 不夜城 "sleepless city, ever-bright city" / 不败记录 clean record, spotless record / 不承诺放弃使用 武器 not undertake to renounce the use of force / 不打不成交 "No discord, no concord. " / 不到长城非 好汉 He who has never been to the Great Wall is not a true man. / 不分 上下的总统选举结果 the neck-and-neck presidential election result / 不管部部长 minister without portfolio/ 不怀恶意的谎言 white lie / 不记名投票 secret ballot/ 不结盟运动 non-aligned movement/ 不可再生 资源 non-renewable resources / 不可抗力 force majeure / 布雷顿森 林体系 Bretton Woods system / 布 达拉宫 Potala Palace / 步行天桥 pedestrian overpass/ 步行街 pedestrian street / 步步高升 Promoting to a higher position/ 部

长级会议 ministerial meeting C/ 禅 dhyana / 重复建设 building redundant project; duplication of similar projects / 《春秋》 Spring and Autumn Annals / 擦网球 net ball / 擦边球 "edge ball, touch ball" / 层层转包和违法分保 multi-level contracting and illegal sub-contracting / 拆迁户 households or units relocated due to building demolition / 拆东墙补西 墙 rob Peter to pay Paul / 菜篮子 工程 shopping basket program / 采取措施前 ex ante / 采取措施后 ex post / 采取高姿态 show magnanimity / 菜鸟,新手 green hand / 茶道 sado / 查房 make/go the rounds of the wards / 参政、议 政 participate in the management of State affairs / 参拜靖国神社 visit to the Yasukuni war shrine/ 差额投 票 differentail voting / 差额选举 competitive election / 差额拨款 balance allocation / 参股者 equity participant / 参股公司 joint stock company / 搀水股票 water-down stocks (ordinary stocks that can be bought by persons inside a stock company or a business at a cost lower that their face value) / 产粮大 省 granary province / 产权明晰、 权 责明确、 政企分开、 科学管理 "clearly established ownership, well defined power and responsibility, separation of enterprise from administration, and scientific management " / 产权制度、产权关 系 property relations; property order / 产销直接挂钩 directly link production with marketing / 产业的 升级换代 upgrading of industies / 产业结构升级 upgrading of an industrial structure / 产品生命周期 分析 LCA (Life Cycle Analysis) / 产 品结构 product mix / 产品科技含量 technological element of a product / 草根工业 grass root industry (refers to village and township enterprises which take root among farmers and grow like wold grass) / 财政收入 fiscal revenue / 仓储式超 市 stockroom-style supermarket / 沉没成本 sunk cost/ 城市中年雅皮 士 muppie (一批中年专业人士, 附庸风雅,矫揉造作 cutesification, 崇尚竟品至上 boutiqueification,攀 比银行存款 bankification 等摆阔作 风, middle-aged urban yuppie 缩 由 合而成) / 城市规划 city's landscaping plan; urban planning / 城乡信用社 credit corroborative in both urban and rural areas / 承销商 underwriter / 承包 contract with /
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成人中等专科学校 secondary specialized /technical school for adults / 抽杀成功 hit through / 成 本分摊 sharing costs/ 成份指数 component index / 成吉思汗 Genghis Khan / 成组技术 group technology / 筹备委员会 preparatory committee / 筹划指导 委员会 steering committee / 筹资 raised capital/proceeds / 痴迷者 addict/ 吃大锅饭 "egalitarian practice of ""everybody eating from the same big pot"" " / 吃皇粮 "receive salaries, subsidies, or other supported from the government" / 充值卡 rechargeable card / 出入平安 Safe trip wherever you go/ 出气筒 punching bag / 出风头 show off;in the limelight / 出家 pravrajana; cloister / 出口卖方信贷 seller's credit on exports / 出口退税率 export rebate rate/ 出口退税制度 the system of refunding taxes on exported goods; export (tax) rebate / 出口押汇 bill purchased (B/P); outward documentary bill / 出口创 汇型产业 export-oriented industry / 出口创汇能力 capacity to earn foreign exchange through exports / 出口加工区 export processing zones / 出口转内销 domestic sales of commodities orginally produced for exports / 常务理事 executive member of the council/ 长途电话 distant calls/ 长线产品 product in excessive supply / 长期 共存、互相监督、肝胆相照、荣辱与 共 "long-term coexistence, mutual supervision, sincere treatment with each other and the sharing of weal or woe " / 长二捆 LM-2E / 长江三 角洲 Yangtze River delta / 长江中 下游 the middle and lower reaches of Changjiang River/ 敞蓬轿车 open-topped limousine / 畅通工程 Smooth Traffic Project / 唱高调 mouth high-sounding words / 超前 消费 "pre-mature consumption, overconsuming, excessive consumption " / 超高速巨型计算机 giant ultra-high-speed computer / 炒作 speculation (stock); sensationalization (news) / 彻头彻 尾的反动政治势力 an out and out reactionary political force / 尘云 dust clouds / 辞旧迎新 bid farewell to the old and usher in the new; ring out the old year and ring in the new / 此地无银三百两 A guilty person gives himself away by consciously protesting his innocence. / 次新股 sub-new stock / 从粗放经济转变为


集约经济 shift from extensive economy to intensive economy / 促 进全球经济一体化 foster integration with the global economy / 磁悬浮列车 "Maglev train (magnetically levitated train), magnetic suspension train " / 存款 保证金 guaranty money for deposits / 存款单 Certificates of Deposits / 存款准备金制度 reserve against deposit system / 粗放式管 理 extensive management / 粗放 经营 extensive operation / 传销 pyramid sales; multi-level marketing / 船务公司 shipping service company/ 窗口行业 various service trades / 创业园 high-tech business incubator; pioneer park / 创建卫生城市 build a nationally advanced clean city / 吹风会 (advanced) briefing / 春蕾 计划 Spring Buds Program / 春运 (passenger) transport during the Spring Festival / 春运 passenger transport around the Chinese lunar new year D/ "东突"恐怖分子 East Turkistan terrorist/ "豆腐渣"工程 jerry-built project / (解决争端)调查结果 findings / 答谢宴会 return banquet/ 达标活动 target hitting activities / 大满贯 grand slam / 大力扣杀 hammer / 大路货 staple goods / 大型电视系列片,长篇电视连续剧 maxi-series / 大事化小,小事化了 try first to make their mistake sound less serious and then to reduce it to nothing at all / 大胜 white wash / 打顺手 "find one's touch, get into gear, settle into a groove" / 大卫教 ranch Davidian / 大腕 top notch / 大学生创业 university students' innovative undertaking / 呆帐 dead account/ 大昭寺 Jokhang Temple. / 大要案 major and serious criminal cases / 大排档 sidewalk snack booth; large stall / 打破僵局 break the deadlock / 打包贷款 packing credit (loan) / 打包儿 use doggy bags to take food home/ 大 包干 all-round responsibility system / 打白条 issue IOU / 大病 统筹 comprehensive arrangement for serious disease / 大藏经 Tripitaka / 打黑 crack down on speculation and profiteering / 大轰 动 blockbuster / 打假 crack down on counterfeit goods / 打假办 Office of Cracking down on Fake Products / 大款 tycoon / 打口碟 cracked CD/ 大开眼界 open one's eyes; broaden one's horizon; be an eye-opener / 大专生 junior college

student / 大专文凭 associate degree / 代职 function in an acting capacity / 待业 job-waiting / 待岗 "await job assignment, post-waiting" / 带薪分流 assign redundant civil servants to other jobs while allowing them to retain their original rank and benefits / 带 薪假期 paid holiday/ 点球 penalty kick / 盗用公款 embezzlement / 德智体美劳 "all around development of moral, intellectual, physical, aesthetics and labour education " / 盗版 VCD pirated VCD / 盗打 (电话) free call on somebody else's expense through illegal means / 点子公司 consultancy company / 电信运营商 telecom operators / 电视直销 TV home shopping / 电视会议 video conference / 电脑迷 mouse potato / 电脑盲 computer illiterate/ 电话 号码升位 upgrade telephone number / 电话会议 teleconference / 电子商务认证 e-business certification / 邓小平外交思想 Deng Xiaoping's diplomatic thoughts / 等外品 "off-grade goods, rejects" / 低调 low keyed (a metaphor for taking a cautious and slow approach) / 吊球 drop shot / 吊销执照 revoke license / 吊带衫 sun-top/ 第三产业 tertiary industry; service sector / 第三代移动电话 (3G 手机) third generation mobile; 3G mobile / 第一双打 first pair / 第 一发球权 first inning / 第一发球员 first server / 第二上市 secondary listing / 第二产业 secondary industry / 垫付 "advancement, payment on account" / 抵免 offset / 单循环制 single round-robin system / 单边主义 unilateralism / 单刀赴会 start a solo run / 党群关 系 Party-masses relationship / 党 政机关 Party and government organizations / 捣浆糊 give the runaround / 倒爷 profiteer / 倒票 speculative reselling of tickets / 倒 春寒 unusually cold spell in an otherwise warm early spring / 倒计 时 countdown / 地球村 global village / 地区差异 regional disparity / 地市级城市 prefecture-level city / 地热资源 geothermal resources / 地方保护主 义 regional protectionism / 地方财 政包干制 system whereby local authorities take full responsibility for their finances / 独立董事 independent director/ 独立核算工 业企业 independent accounting unit(enterprise) / 多媒体
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multimedia / 多任务小卫星 small multi-mission satellite (SMMS) / 独 生子女 the only child in one's family / 多头账户 long account/ 多 种经营 diversified economy/ 多党 合作制 multi-party co-operation in exercising State power / 夺冠 take the crown / 多功能性(农业) multifunctionality / 端午节 the Dragon Boat Festival / 渡假外交 holiday-making diplomacy / 短期债 务 floating debt / 短期放款 money at call and short notice / 断交信 Dear John letter (from woman to man) / 对...毫无顾忌 make no bones about ... / 对外招商 attract foreign investment / 对冲基金 hedge fund / 队长袖标(足球) skipper's armband / 对讲机 talkie and walkie / 杜鲁门主义 Truman Doctrine/ 钉子户 person or household who refuses to move and bargains for unreasonably high compensation when the land is requisitioned for a construction project / 定向培训 training for specific posts / 东盟自由贸易区 ASEAN Free Trade Area / 东南亚 国家联盟 ASEAN (Association of South-East Asian Nations) / 动迁户 households to be relocated / 动感 dynamic/ 毒枭 drug trafficker E/ (把…当成)耳旁风 Like water off (on) a duck's back / 鳄鱼的眼泪 crocodile tears / 恶性通货膨胀 hyperinflation / 恶性循环 vicious circle / 厄尔尼诺现象 El Nino phenomenon / 二流选手 "scrub, second-rater" / 二手房 second-hand house / 二元经济 dual economy / 二板市场; 创业板 市场 growth enterprise board; second board; hi-tech board / 二次 创业 start a new undertaking / 二 级市场 secondary market / 二进宫 "to enter the palace a second time (people with a past criminal record again commits a crime, and is convicted and put into a correctional institution)" F/ 汎士通轮胎 Firestone tires /《浮 士德》 Faust / (产品)分销 "subunderwriting, distribution" / 封 圣 "canonization of ""Saints""" / 封 杀出局 force out / 防伪标志 anti-fake label / 访谈式竞选 (候选 人在电视访谈节目中亮相进行的竞 选) talk-show campaign / 封闭式 基金 close-ended fund / 防抱死系 统 ABS (anti-lock braking system) / 防盗门 burglarproof door; antitheft door / 防洪工程 flood-prevention project / 非商标(非专利)产品


generic products / 风险投资 venture capital; risk investment / 风 险基金 VC funds / 风险准备金 loan loss provision, provisions of risk / 非配额产品 quota-free products / 非洲、加勒比和太平洋国 家集团(洛美协定) ACP(African, Caribbean and Pacific Group) / 非 对称数字用户环路 Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Loop (ADSL) / 飞毛腿 (导弹) Scud missile / 飞行 药检 spot check / 疯牛病 mad cow disease; bovine spongiform enceohalopathy (BSE) / 费改税 transform administrative fees into taxes / 粉领族 "pink-collar tribe (Women who play major role in certain professions such as office workers, secretaries, models, airline hostesses, etc)" / 放行单 release permit / 放下架子 to relinguish haughty airs; to get off one's high horse; throw off one's airs / 放高球 lob / 锋利扣杀 razor-sharp smash / 分流 reposition of redundant personnel / 分税制 system of tax distribution / 分业经营 divided operation/ management / 分期付款 installment payment / 扶贫 poverty alleviation / 扶贫办公室 Poverty Relief Office/ 分拆上市 A subsidiary company of a corporation is listed on the stock market. / 发烧友 fancier; zealot; enthusiastic fan / 发展是硬道理 Development is of overriding importance. / Development is the absolute need. / 发展不平衡 disparate development / 发案率 incidence (of criminal cases) / 法律 硕士 juris master (jm)/ 法人股 corporate shares / 法治国家 a country under the rule of law / 法制 国家 a state with an adequate legal system / 翻两番 quadruple / 反倾 销措施 anti-dumping measures against … / 反败为胜 "bring about a complete turnabout, pull out of the fire" / 反不正当竞争法 Law of the People's Republic of China Against Competition by Inappropriate Means / 反弹道导弹 条约 Anti-ballistic Missile Treaty (ABM) / 反腐倡廉 combat corruption and build a clean government / 房权证 property right certificate / 房产证 property ownership certificate / 房产估价师 real estate evaluator / 房管 real estate management / 浮动工资 floating wages; fluctuating wages / 福利彩票 welfare lotteries / 福利分

房 welfare-oriented public housing distribution system / 覆盖率 coverage rate / 复式住宅 duplex apartment; compound apartment (a type of residential housing that maximizes usable space by increasing the number of the storey building) / 复合型人才 inter-disciplinary talent / 附加意外 险 supplemental accident insurance / 个人演唱会 solo concert/ (公路) 隔离带 median / (精 通电脑和网络的)高手 geek/ 皈依 三宝 become a Buddhist G/ 《国际先驱论坛报》 International Herald Tribune / 感谢款待的信 a bread and butter letter (a letter sent as thanks for being treated well as someone's guest) / 感到不妙 I smell a rat. / 干细胞 stem cell / 干 部队伍革命化、年轻化、知识化、专 业化 " make the ranks of cadres more revolutionary, younger in average age, better educated and professionally more competent " / 格列佛游记 Gulliver's Travels / 港 人治港 Hong Kong people administering Hong Kong / 港务局 port office; harbor authority / 岗位 培训 on-the-job training / 港澳 台 Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan / 根本政治制度 fundamental political system / 跟踪审计 follow-up auditing / 更快、更高、更 强 Citius, Altius, Fortius/ 改制上市 An enterprise is re-organized according to modern corporate system so that it will get listed on the stock market. / 个人收入应税申 报制度 the system of the declaration of individual incomes for tax payment / 个人所得税 personal income tax/ 个人自扫门前 雪, 莫管他人瓦上霜 hoe one's own potatoes / 个体工商户 privately or individually-owned business/ 高清晰度 high definition / 高新技术产业开发区 high and new technology industrial development zone / 高手 master hand, expert/ 高原反应,高山反应 altitude stress; altitude sickness / 高难度动作 stunner, stunt / 高层 次、全方位的对话 high-level and all-directional dialogue / 高产优质 high yield and high quality / 高等教 育自学考试 self-study higher education examination/ 高度自治 high degree of autonomy / 高峰 peak time / 高峰论坛 summit (forum) / 高杠杆交易机构 highly-leveraged institutions(HLI) / 高官会 Senior Officials Meeting
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(SOM) / 高架公路 elevated highway; overhead road / 高级商务 师 Certified Business Executive / 高科技板块 high-tech sector / 高考 (university) entrance examination / 各大菜系 major styles of cooking / 各就位 " ""On your marks!""" / 各尽 所能 let each person do his best; from each according to his ability / 光通讯 photo-communication; optical communication / 广域网 wide area network (WAN) / 光盘杂 志 CD-ROM magazine / 广播电视 大学 radio and television university/ 广告电话直销 direct response advertising / 光谷 optical valley / 光机电一体化 "optical, mechanical and electronic integration" / 骨干企业 key enterprise / 股市行情 the ups and downs of the stock market/ 股票期 权 the stock option / 股本 share capital / 股本回报率 return on equity / 股本金 equity capital / 股 份有限公司 limited liability company / 股份制 shareholding system; joint-stock system / 归国留 学生 returned students / 归口管理 put under centralized management by specialized departments / 固定 电话初装费 installation fees for fixed-line telephones / 固定资产投 资 investment in the fixed assets / 挂职 1) take a temporary post (in order to temper oneself); 2) serve in a lower level unit for a period while retaining one's position in the previous unit / 挂靠 be attached or affiliated to; be subordinate to / 挂 靠户 an adjunct organization/ 国民 生产总值 gross national product (GNP) / 国民党 Kuomintang / 国民 经济支柱产业 pillar industries in national economy / 国土局 Land and Resources Bureau / 国泰民安 The country flourishes and people live in peace/ 国有股 state-owned shares / 国有股减持 reduce state's stake in listed companies/ 国有资 产流失 loss of state assets/ 国债投 资 treasury bond investment / 国债 专项资金 special fund for treasury bond / 国内生产总值 gross domestic product (GDP) / 国产化率 import substitution rate; localization rate of parts and components / 国 防动员体制 the mobilization for national defense / 国际劳工组织 ILO (International Labor Organization) / 国际商业机器公司 International Business Machine Corporation (IBM) / 国际日期变更 线 International Date Line (IDL) /


国际收支不平衡 disequilibrium of balance of payment / 国际标准化组 织 ISO (International Organization for Standardization) / 国际惯例 international common practice / 国 际货币基金组织 IMF (International Monetary Fund) / 国际化战略 internationalization strategy / 国际 禁止化学武器组织 organization for the prohibition of chemical weapons (OPCW)/ 国际足球联盟 Federation Internationale de Football Association (FIFA)/ 国家体 育总局 State Physical Culture Administration / 国家一级保护 first-grade State protection / 国家普 通话水平考试 National Proficiency Test of Putonghua / 国家质量技术 监督局 the State Bureau of Quality and Technical Supervision / 国家重 点科技攻关项目 national key scientific and technological project / 国家环保总局 State Environmental Protection Administration / 国家级 卫生城市 state-level hygiene city/ 国家经济体制改革委员会 the State Commission for Restructuring the Economic Systems / 国家控股公司 state-controlling company / 国脚 player of the national football team; footballer of the national team / 国 库券 treasury bonds / 过失责任 liability of fault / 过失赔偿责任;无 过失赔偿责任 liability with fault; liability without fault / 过山车 roller coaster/ 过犹不及 going too far is as bad as not going far enough; beyond is as wrong as falling short; too much is as bad as too little / 过 度开垦 excess reclamation / 规模 经济 scale economy, economies of scale / 规避 circumvention / 工薪 阶层 salariat; state employee; salaried person / 工商局 industrial and commercial bureau / 工业园区 industrial park / 工业控制一体化 integrated industrial control; industrial control of integration / 工 笔 traditional Chinese realistic painting/ 工程验收 acceptance of work/ 工程公司 engineering company / 工资税 payroll tax/ 功 夫不负有心人 Everything comes to him who waits. / 恭喜发财 May you be prosperous!; Wish you prosperity./ 公司分立与解散 separation and dissolution of a company / 公务员 civil servants / 公正、公平、公开 "just, fair and open" / 公益林 public welfare forest / 公证财产 notarize the properties / 公费医疗 medical services at state expense / 公告板

服务 Bulletin Board Service (BBS) / 公积金 "public accumulation funds, public reserve funds" / 公检法 " public security organs, procuratorial organs and people's courts" / 公款 吃喝 recreational activities using public funds / 公开喊价市场 open outcry markets / 共同富裕 common prosperity / 共产党领导下 的多党合作与政治协商 multi-party cooperation and political consultation under the leadership of Communist Party / 狗仔队 "dog packs; paparazzo (singular), paparazzi(plural) (It refers to those journalists who are hunting the news of celebrities.)" / 关税壁垒 customs barrier; tariff wall / 尴尬, 困境,糟糕 pretty pass H/ (吃)皇粮 "public grainfunds, goods, etc provided by the government; salary paid by the state " / 《红楼梦》 A Dream in Red Mansions (The Story of the Stone) / (农产品国内支持)"黄箱"措施 Amber Box measures / (北爱尔兰) 皇家警察部队 Royal Ulster Constabulary/ 好了伤疤忘了疼 once on shore, one prays no more/ 好莱坞大片 Hollywood blockbuster / 好球 " ""Strike""" / 好事不出门, 恶事传千里 "Good news never goes beyond the gate, while bad news spread far and wide. " / 好出 风头的运动员 "exhibitionist, grandstander " / 豪赌 unrestrained gambling / 鸿门宴 Hongmen banquet--a feast or meeting set up as a trap for the invited / 核销 cancel after verification / 核武器数 量 Nuclear Arsenal Size / 宏观调 控 macro-control / 核军火库 nuclear arsenal / 合理引导消费 guide rational consumption / 红帽 子企业 red cap enterprise (refers to the reputation a private enterprise enjoys by becoming attached to a government department and doing business in the name of a state-run or collective-run enterprise) / 红细 胞生成素 Erythropoietin (EPO) / 合 议庭 collegiate bench / 合业经营 combined operation/ management / 和平演变 peaceful evolution / 和平 共处五项原则: 互相尊重领土完整 和主权、互不侵犯、互不干涉内政、 平等互利、 和平共处 Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence: mutual respect for territorial integrity and sovereignty, mutual non-aggression, non-interference in each other?s internal affairs, equality and mutual benefit, and peaceful coexistence/
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和气生财 Harmony brings wealth/ 红包 "(neutral)red paper containing money as a gift, (derogative) bribe, kickback " / 红 白喜事 wedding and funeral/ 红筹 股 red chips / 和服 Kimono / 红股 bonus share / 呼啦圈 hu la hoop / 后台管理 back-stage management / 河道整治 dredging waterway / 后 防空虚 leave the defense exposed / 黑社会 Mafia-style organizations; gangland / 黑店 gangster inn / 黑 客 hacker / 胡子工程 long-drawn-out project (a project which takes so long that young workers become bearded) / 海量存 储 mass memory / 海协会 (ARATS) Association for Relations Across the Taiwan Strait / 海市蜃楼,镜花水月,无稽之谈 a mare?s nest / 海湾战争综合症 the complexities of the Gulf War / 海峡 交流基金会(海基会) Strait Exchange Foundation of (Taiwan, China)(SEF)/ 海关完税价值 customs value / 寒带 frigid zone/ 函授大学 correspondence university / 旱地滑雪场 mock skiing park / 汉字处理软件 Chinese character processing software / 航向错误,奉行错误方向 on the wrong tack / 航母 aircraft carrier / 汇丰银行 Hong Kong and Shang Hai Banking Corporation / 火炬计划 Torch Program (a plan to develop new and high technology) / 婚外恋 extramarital love / 婚介所 matrimonial agency / 混业经营 mixed operation/ management / 活 到老,学到老 One is never too old to learn. / 混合型卷烟 blended type cigarette / 灰色区域措施 Grey area measures / 灰色收入 gray income / 挥棒 swing / 挥棒不中 fan / 货币留成制度 currency retention scheme / 货币化 monetization / 货币回笼 withdrawal of currency from circulation / 货到付款 cash on delivery / 黄、 赌、 "pornography, 毒 gambling and drug abuse and trafficking " / 黄金时段 prime time / 虎父无犬子 A wise goose never lays a tame egg. / 护身法宝 amulet / 互动广告 interactive advertisement / 户主 head of a household / 户口簿 residence booklet / 户口管理制度 "domicile system, residence registration system " / 花样游泳 water ballet / 花旗银行 National City Bank of New York / 华表 ornamental column/cloud pillar/stele / 华盖


canopy / 滑板车 scooter / 坏球 Ball / 坏帐 bad account/ 环太平洋 地区 Pacific Rim / 环保型技术 EST(Environmentally-sound technology) / 还俗 "resume secular life, unfrock" / 换手率 turnover rate / 换届选举 election at expiration of office terms J/ (日本银行主持的)季度短观调查报 告 Tankan survey/ 基因突变 genetic mutation / 基因工程 genetic engineering / 基本路线要管 一百年 The basic line must be followed unswervingly for a very long time to come. / 基本国情 fundamental realities of the country / 基层民主 democracy at the grassroots level / 基层组织 organizations at the grass-roots level / 机场建设费 airport construction fee / 基础设施 infrastructure construction / 基础税 率 base tariff level / 机电产品 mechanical and electrical products / 基地组织 al-Qaeda group/ 机构 投资者 institutional investor / 机构 臃肿 overstaffing in organizations (government) / 积压产品 overstocked commodities (inventories) / 坚持统一, 反对分裂, 增加了解,化解歧见 "persist in reunification, oppose separation, increase understanding and iron out differences " / 尖端产品 highly sophisticated products / 监督部门 watchdog / 记者席 press box / 记 者招待会 press conference / 既往 不咎,忘掉旧嫌 let bygones be bygones / 既成事实 fait accompli (noun) / 嘉宾 "distinguished guest, honored guest" / 加密 encrypt / 加 强舆论监督 ensure that the correct orientation is maintained in public opinion / 减速玻璃(汽车) decelerating glass / 加权平均值 weighted average / 家庭联产承包 责任制 the household contract responsibility system / 减员增效 downsizing for efficiency; cut payroll to improve efficiency / 加班 work extra shifts / 剪彩 cut the ribbon / 剪刀差 the scissors gap between the prices of ... and ... / 减 负 alleviate burdens on sb. / 加快 市场步伐 accelerate the marketization; quicken the pace of marketization / 家族企业 family firm / 假冒伪劣产品 counterfeit and shoddy products / 假小子 tomboy/ 假释 parole/ 假日经济 holiday economy / 假唱 lip-synch / 假动作 "deception, feint" / 价格听 证会 public price hearings / 价格浮

动范围 price-float range / 计算机中 央处理器 central processing unit(CPU) / 计划生育责任制 responsibility system of family planning / 计划单列市 city specifically designated in the state plan / 激烈竞争 cut-throat competition / 绩优股 blue chip / 缉 私力量 the forces engaged in the fight against smuggling / 缉毒队 narcotics squad / 吉祥如意 Everything goes well/ 吉祥物 mascot / 吉尼斯世界记录 Guinness (Book of Records) / 极限 运动 maximal exercise; X-game/ 集束炸弹 cluster bomb/ 集束炸弹 cluster bomb/ 集体婚礼 collective wedding ceremony; group wedding / 集约经营 intensive operation / 集 中精力把经济建设搞上去 go all out for economic development / 集资房 houses built on the funds collected by the buyers / 技术密集产品 technology-intensive product / 技术 下乡 spread technological knowledge to farmers / 技术产权交 易所 technology equity market; technology property right exchange / 技术攻关 strive to make technological breakthrough/ 技术 交底 technical disclosure/ 技工贸 结合的科技型企业 scientific and technological enterprises that integrate scientific and technological development with industrial and trade development / 甲 A 足球队 Division A soccer team/ 甲骨文 oracle bone inscriptions/ 解 困基金 anti-poverty funds / 结售汇 制度 "the system of exchange, settlement and sales " / 解放生产 力 emancipate the productive forces / 解放思想、实事求是的思想 路线 ideological line of emancipating the mind and seeking truth from facts / 金融危机 financial crisis / 金融电子化 computerize financial services / 金 融工具 financial instruments / 金融 自由化 financial liberalization/ 金 税工程 Golden Tax Project / 金无 足赤,人无完人 Gold can't be pure and man can't be perfect. / 金玉满 堂 Treasures fill the home/ 金本位 gold standard / 金边债券 gilt-edged bonds / 金刚经 Vajracchedika-sutra / 金降落伞 golden parachute / 教书育人 impart knowledge and educate people / 教务处 dean's office/ 教 学法 pedagogy; teaching method / 教育部社政司 Social Science Research and Ideological Work
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Department of the Ministry of Education / 紧密型企业集团 tightly-knit groups of enterprises / 紧箍咒 inhibiting magic phrase / 接 口 interface / 紧追 "cling to, shadow, thunder on one's trail" / 禁 渔期 closed fishing seasons / 禁止 在任何地方、 任何环境进行一切方式 的释放核能的核武器试验保爆炸 prohibit any nuclear weapon test explosion which releases nuclear energy at any place and in any environment / 节奏布鲁斯音乐 (RMB 音乐) rhythm blues / 近水 楼台先得月 "First come, first served; A water-front pavilion gets the moonlight first--the advantage of being in a favored position." / 近 海渔业 offshore fishery / 脚踏实地 be down-to-earth / 脚踩两只船 sit on the fence / 侥幸球 fluke / 戒毒 所 drug rehabilitation center / 戒急 用忍 "overcome impetuosity and exercise patience; no haste, be patient " / 街心花园 park at an intersection; garden in the city center / 街道企业 neighborhood enterprise / 渐近尾声 draw to a close/ 建/平仓 open/close a position / 江南水乡 the south of the lower reaches of the Yangze River / 讲诚信,反欺诈: honor credibility and oppose cheating / 降 落伞候选人,外来候选人(应召而来 参加本人非所在地区竞选的政党候 选人) parachute candidate / 降息 reduction of interest / 焦土政策 “Scorched Earth” plan/ 交钥匙工程 turn-key project / 交叉报复 cross retaliation / 阶梯教室 lecture theatre; terrace classroom / 进修班 class for further studies / 进项税 input tax/ 进出口商会 chamber of import and export trade / 进口渗透 import penetration / 进口差价税 import variable duties / 进口附加税 import surcharge / 纠风办 State Council Office for Rectifying / 就业 前培训 pre-job training / 居委 会 neighborhood committee; residents' committee / 举办城市 host city/ 举报电话 informants' hot-line telephone / 举杯 propose a toast / 拒载 refuse to take passengers / 君子之交淡如水 the friendship between gentlemen is as pure as crystal; a hedge between keeps friendship green / 九五攻关 State Key Task 95 / 局域网 local area network (LAN) / 决策性机构 policy-making body / 劲射 power shot / 京剧人物脸谱 types of facial make-up in Beijing opera / 京剧票


友 Peking Opera fan / 精神文明建 设 promote cultural and ideological progress; develop socialist culture and ethics / 精品 competitive products / 精简机构 streamline government organs / 经营管理高度 科学化的现代化大企业 modern big enterprise with highly scientific management system / 经常性支出 running expenses / 经常性贷款 commercial lending / 经常项目顺差 "favorable balance of current account, surplus of current account" / 经济林 cash tree / 经济 师 economic engineer; economic manager; economist / 经济失调指 数 misery index / 经济全球化 economic globalization; economic integration / 经济头脑 commercially minded people; people with business sense / 经济 担保书 financial guarantee/ 经济复 苏 economic resurgence/ 经济和 技术合作 ECOTECH cooperation (Economic and technology cooperation) / 经济总量 economic aggregate / 景泰蓝 cloisonné / 境 外消费(服务贸易) consumption abroad / 敬老院 home for the aged; seniors' home/ 敬业精神 professional dedication; professional ethics / 靖国神社 Yasukuni Shrine/ 具有中国特色的 with Chinese characteristics / 竣工 式 completion ceremony / 困难职 工 the needy K/ (补贴协议) 可诉补贴 actionable subsidy / 会计电算化 accounting computerization/ 跨世纪工程 a trans-century project / 跨越式发展 great-leap-forward development / 跨境交付(服务贸易) cross border supply / 可持续发展 sustainable development / 可持续发展战略 strategy of sustainable development / 可转换债券 convertible bond / 刻录机 CD writer; disc-carving machine / 快速 立法 fast track/ 快速反应部队 rapid response force / 宽限期 grace period / 快讯 news flash; flash / 宽带网 broadband networks / 宽带接入 broadband access / 空 头支票 "accommodation note, lip service " / 空中小姐 air hostess; air stewardess / 扣帽子 put a label on / 口蹄疫 foot-and-mouth disease / 口头禅 pet phrase/ 科研攻关 scientific research and tackle the key research project / 科技是第一 生产力 Science and technology constitute a primary productive force. / 科技成果转化为生产力

transfer of scientific and technological achievements / 科技 含量 technology content / 科教兴 国 rely on science and education to rejuvenate the nation / 卡丁车 kart / 开门红 to begin well, to make a good start/ 开小灶 give special favor / 开题报告 opening speech; opening report / 开夜车 burn the midnight oil; work over night / 开标 bid opening / 开放式 基金 open-ended fund / 开发一代, 储存一代,预研一代 (产品) to develop this generation of products while researching on the next generation of products / 开发公司 development company / 开工不足 enterprises running under their production capacity / 开工典礼 commencement ceremony / 开后 门 under-the-counter deals; offer advantages to one's friends or relatives by underhand means / 坎 儿井 karez / 看守政府,看守内阁,过 渡政府 caretaker cabinet / 看跌/看 涨期权 put / call option / 康乃馨 carnation / 抗美援朝战争 War to Resist US Aggression and Aid Korea / 抗震棚 quake-proof shelter / 考研 take part in the entrance exams for postgraduate schools / 考研热 the craze for graduate school / 烤烟型卷烟 Virginian-type cigarette / 控股公司 "holding company, controlling company" / 亏损企业 enterprises running in the red/under deficit L/ (行业中的)龙头老大 leading enterprise; flagship of the industry / 旅行结婚 have a honeymoon trip / 零配件 spare and accessory parts / 零和博奕 zero-sum game; zero game / 裸机 bare mobile phone / 旅客列车票价 price of passenger train tickets / 离退办 office for the affairs of the retired workers / 篱笆 墙 barriers/ blockage to inter-regional trading / 另类音乐, 非 正统音乐 alternative music / 理论 联系实际 linking theory with practice/ 老少边穷地区 "former revolutionary base areas, areas inhabited by minority nationalities, remote and border areas and poverty-stricken areas " / 老生常 谈,陈词滥调 cut and dried, cliché / 绿色食品 green food / 绿色奥运,科 技奥运,人文奥运 green, high-tech and people friendly Olympic Games/ 绿色急救通道 emergency green path / 领头羊 bellwether / 老油条 wily old bird; old slicker / 绿 地覆盖率 forest coverage rate / 劳
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动合同制 labor contract system / 理货公司 tally company / 绿化 afforestation / 老字号 an old and famous shop or enterprise / 礼尚往 来 Courtesy calls for reciprocity. / 礼仪小姐 ritual girl / 乱收费、乱摊 派、乱罚款 "arbitrary charges, fund-raising quotas and fines" / 猎 头公司 head-hunting company / 留 学咨询 consulting on the study abroad / 留职停薪 retain the job but suspend the salary / 留得青山 在, 不怕没柴烧 "Where there is life, there is hope." / 劣等品 shoddy goods; substandard goods; lemon (informal) / 乱集资、乱摊派、乱收 费 "unwarranted pooling of funds, arbitrary requisition of donations and exaction of fees from enterprises " / 临时主教练 caretaker coach / 论文答辩 (thesis) oral defense / 龙头产品 flagship product / 六艺:礼、乐、射、御、书、 数 "six classical arts: rites, music, archery, riding, writing, arithmetic" / 利改税 substitution of tax payment for profit delivery / 利好因素 wrinkle / 利基 niche / 轮值主席 chairman on duty / 立体农业 three-dimensional agriculture / 联 想集团 Legend Group / 联产承包 责任制 system of contracted responsibility linking remuneration to output; contract system with remuneration linked to output / 联 合联络小组 joint liaison group / 联 合投标 syndicated tender / 联合国 粮农组织 FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nation) / 联合国会费 the UN membership dues (fee) / 联合 国环境署 UNEP (United Nations Environment Program) / 联合国开 发计划署 UNDP (United Nations Development Program) / 联合兼并 conglomeration and merger of enterprises / 连续抽烟的人 chain smoker / 连带责任 joint liability / 垃圾融资 junk financing / 垃圾债券 junk bond / 拉拉队 cheering squad / 拉拉队长 "cheer-leader, rooter king" / 拉选票 seek a vote / 拉尼 娜现象 La Nina phenomenon / 拉 动经济增长 fuel economic growth / 拉关系 try to curry favor with / 廉 政、 勤政、 务实、 高效政府 "an honest, diligent, pragmatic and efficient government " / 廉政公署 Independent Commission Against Corruption (ICAC)/ 廉政建设 construction of a clean and honest administration / 廉洁奉公,以正治 国 " (of an official) clean and


devoted, and govern the state with his own example of uprightness " / 来料加工 process materials supplied by clients; accept customers' materials for processing / 来电显示电话机 caller ID telephone / 蓝牙技术 bluetooth / 蓝筹股 blue chips / 蓝光光盘 Blu-ray Disc/ 练摊 to be a vendor / 路演 road show / 粮食收购部门 (government's) grain procurement (purchasing) agencies / 粮油关系 grain and oil rationing registration / 良性循环 virtuous circle / 录取通知 书 letter of admission/ 录取分数线 enrollment mark/ 两手抓两手都要 硬 We must address ourselves to the problem of both material and spiritual civilization(both material as well as culture and ideological progress) without any letup. / 两手 抓,两手都要硬 grasp both links at the same time and attach sufficient importance to both/ 两思(致富思 源, 富而思进) to think of the source of getting rich and of making progress after becoming affluence / 两院院士 academicians of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and Chinese Academy of Engineering / 两岸直航促进会 Association for Promotion of Cross-Straits Direct Transportation / 两弹一艇 "A-bomb, H-bomb and nuclear-powered submarine" / 两 个文明一起抓 place equal emphasis on material and ethical progress / 两个对等的政治实体 two equal political entities / 流星雨 meteor shower/ 流动人口 transient population / 流动图书馆 travelling library; bookmobile / 《论语》 Analects of Confucius / 《聊斋志异》 Strange Tales of a Lonely Studio M/ 美声唱法 bel canto / 免税商品 tax-free commodities / 美食节 gourmet festival / 免验放行 pass without examination (P.W.E)/ 免费 搭车者(享受其他国家最惠国待遇而 不进行相应减让的国家) free-rider / 美国之音 Voice of America (VOA)/ 灭绝的物种 extinct species/ 玛雅 文化 Mayan civilization / 码分多址 (一种扩频多址数字式通信技术) CDMA (Code Division Multiple Access)/ 蒙古包 (Mongolian) yurt / 蒙古大夫 quack / 马拉松式竞选活 动 campaignathon / 马路菜场入室 工程 the project to build indoor free market to accommodate street vegetable vendors / 马太效应 "the Matthew effect (A phenomenon in specific circles whereby one's

accomplishments and reputation tend to snowball, and those with meager accomplishments have greater difficulty achieving accomplishments. ) " / 马到成功 achieve immediate victory; win instant success/ 马尔萨斯人口论 Malthusian Theory of Population; Malthusianism (Thomas Robert Malthus, 1766-1834, British economist)/ 孟子 Mencius / 民事 诉讼 civil procedure/ 民以食为天 people regard food as their prime want; food the first necessity of man/ 民营企业 individually-run enterprises/ 民主党派、工商联与无 党派人士 "non-Communist parties, federations of industry and commerce, personages without party affiliation " / 民主监督 democratic supervision/ 民主集中 制 democratic centralism/ 民办教 师 citizen-managed teachers (teachers in rural citizen-managed or state-managed schools who do not receive the normal remuneration from the government) / 民法通则 general provisions of the civil law/ 民工 migrant laborer / 民工潮 farmers' frenzied hunt for work in cities / 民间资本 private capital/ 民进党 Democratic Progressive Party / 民族区域自治 regional autonomy of ethnic minorities/ 民族文化大省 a province with rich ethnic culture / 民族委员会 ethnic affairs commission / 民族意识 national consciousness/ 民族优越感 ethnocentrism/ 民族凝聚力 national cohesion / 买一送一 "two-for-one offer, buy one get one free" / 迷彩服 battle fatigues; camouflage coat / 买方市场 buyer's market/ 买壳上市 go public through buying a shell / 麦克 马洪线 McMahon Line/ 买空卖空 bulls and bears; fictitious transaction/ 名利双收 gain in both fame and wealth/ 满意度 degree of satisfaction / 名优 famous actor; famous high quality brand/ 慢性萧 条 chronic depression / 门罗主 义 Monroe Doctrine/ 门前三包 "be responsible for general sanitation, green covering and keeping good social order in a designated area outside the unit building " / 门户网 站 portals / 门户开放政策 open-door policy/ 面向 21 世纪的中 美建设性伙伴关系 a constructive, strategic partnership between China and the United Stated aimed
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at the next century/ 盲流和倒流人 员 transient from the countryside / 盲目投资 blindness in investment/ 茅塞顿开 be suddenly enlightened/ 矛盾的普遍性 universality of contradictions/ 冒充包装 (销售) [指 将劣质商品包装成外观像名优产品 出售的做法] copycat packaging / 帽子戏法 hat trick / 贸易顺差 favorable balance; trade surplus / 贸易与发展委员会 Committee on Trade and Development / 贸易逆差 adverse balance of trade; trade deficit / 贸易壁垒 trade protectionism/ 贸易和投资自由化和 便利化 TILF (Trade and Investment Liberalization and Facilitation) / 贸易自由化 trade liberalization/ 没有规矩不成方圆 Nothing can be accomplished without norms or standards./ 每逢 佳节倍思亲 On festive occasions more than ever one thinks of one's dear ones far away./ It is on the festival occasions when one misses his dear most. / 米袋子省长负责制 provincial governors assuming responsibility fofr the rice bag (grain supply)/ 明明白白消费(2000 年保 护消费者权益工作主题) transparent consumption / 朦胧诗 misty poetry / 睦邻友好关系(合作) good-neighborly and friendly relations (cooperation)/ 穆斯林 Muslim; Moslem/ 模拟测试 mock test; simulated exam / 模糊逻辑 fuzzy logic/ 模糊战略(美国在台湾 问题上奉行的政策) indistinct strategy/ 磨洋工 dawdle along / 摩 门教 Mormon Church (the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints)/ 末位淘汰 (under the new personnel system) the person graded last in the performance evaluation will be laid off from his position/ 莫失良机 make hay while the sun shines / 谋事在人,成事在 天 "The planning lies with man, the outcome with Heaven. / Man proposes, God disposes. " / 母系氏 族社会 matriarchal clan society/ 幕 后操纵 pull strings behind the scenes; wire-pulling/ 目标管理 management by objectives / 目标 管理 management by objectives; quota management N/ 扭转局面 "reverse the tide, turn the table" / 农林间作 agro-forestry/ 农药残留 pesticide residue/ 农药残留物 pesticide residue/ 农业生态学 agricultural ecology/ 农业增加值 added value of agriculture/ 农奴制 serfdom;


serf system/ 农产品的统购派购 unified purchasing of farm produce by the state according to fixed quotes/ 农村剩余劳动力 surplus rural labour (labourers) / 农工商联合企业 agro-industrial-commercial combines / 农垦 agricultural reclamation/ 农转非 rural residents become urban residents/ 弄巧成拙 be too smart by half; Cunning outwits itself./ 女 权运动 movement for women's rights/ 暖温带 warm temperate zone/ 诺亚方舟 Noah?s Ark / 拿 手好戏 masterpiece/ 泥石流 mud-rock flow/ 泥菩萨 like a clay Buddha fording the river-hardly able to save oneself; each one is looking out for his own survival / 尼姆达(病毒) Nimda / 男权主义思 想 male chauvinism / 男高音演唱 家 tenorist / 年利润 annual return/ 纳米 nanometer / 纳税人 tax payer; tax bearer/ 纳税申报制 度 tax declaration system / 纳斯 达克 National Association of Securities Deal Automated Quotations (NASDAQ) / 年同比 year-on-year; on an annual basis / 年夜饭 family reunion dinner / 南 水北调 South-to-North water diversion / 南水北调工程 divert water from the south to the north project / 耐用消费品 durable consumer items (goods) / 耐用消 费品 durable consumer goods, consumer durables/ 南南合作 South-South cooperation/ 南北对 话 North-South dialogue/ 难得糊 涂 "Where ignorance is bliss, it's folly to be wise." / 囊括 complete a sweep / 内联网(计算机) Intranet/ 内联企业 enterprises with internal connections / 内退 early retirement/ 涅磐(佛) nirvana/ 内耗 in-fighting / 内环路 inner ring road / 能上网的手机 WAP phone / 能官能民 be ready to both serve as an offical and be one of the common people / 能进 能出, 能上能下 competent to work both at the top and at the grass roots / 能进能出, 能上能下,方谓好 汉 He who knows how to fight and how to retreat deserves to be called a brave man. / 闹情绪 be disgruntled; be in a fit of pique O/ 欧亚大陆桥 Eurasia Land Bridge/ 欧元 Euro/ 欧元 Euro/ 欧 洲委员会 European Commission / 欧洲共同体 European Communities (EC)/ 欧洲货币

Euro-currency/ 欧洲货币一体化 European monetary integration/ 欧 洲自由贸易联盟 EFTA (European Free Trade Association) / 偶像 idol P/ 赔了夫人又折兵, 花钱填无底洞 throw good money after bad/ 帕金 森症 parkinsonism / 派出所 local police station / 潘多拉魔盒 Pandora's box/ 盘点 stock count; take stock of/ 盘活存量资产 liquidize remnant assets / 棚户 shacks; family that live in shacks / 批发市场 wholesale market/ 跑龙 套 "utility man, play a bit role, general handyman" / 泡妞 chase after the girls / 泡沫经济 bubble economy / 排外主义 exclusivism / 排华政策 policy of discrimination against the Chinese/ 配套政策 supporting policies / 配股 allotment of shares;rationed shares / 配件 accessories / 碰头 会 "brief meeting ( A brief, small-scale, informal meeting with no fixed agenda, the main purpose of which is to exchange information.) " / 碰一鼻子灰 be sent off with a flea in one's ear; be snubbedd; get a rebuff/ 碰钉子 get snubbed / 抛砖引玉 a modest spur to induce others to come forward with valuable contributions; throw a sprat to catch a whale/ 泼冷水 pour cold wate on the enthusiasm of; dampen the spirit of; throw a wet blanket over/ 泼水节 Water-Sprinkling Festival/ 评头论 足 nit-pick / 评标 bidding evaluation / 扑网(体) "rush-up, rushing" / 铺新摊子 launch new projects/ 普通高等教育 regular higher education/ 普选制 general election system / 普遍优惠制 generalized preferential system; general system of preferences/ 破 釜沉舟 cut off all means of retreat; burn one?s own way of retreat and be determined to fight to the end/ 啤酒肚 beer belly / 疲软股票 soft stock / 皮包公司 bogus company / 片面追求升学率 place undue emphasis on the proportion of students entering schools of a higher level/ 骗汇、逃汇、套汇 "obtain foreign currency and false pretenses, not turn over foreign currency owed to the government and illegal arbitrage " / 票贩子 "scalper, ticket tout" / 票房 box office / 拼图 jigsaw / 贫铀弹 depleted uranium bomb / 贫富悬殊 polarization of rich and poor / 平面 设计师 graphic designer / 平时不
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烧香,临时抱佛脚 "never burn incense when all is well, but clasp Buddha's feet when in distress" / 平稳过渡 smooth transition/ 平抑 (稳定)物价 stabilize commodity prices/ 平等、互利、互相尊重主权 和领土完整 equality,mutual benefit, mutual respect for sovereignty and territorial integrity/ 平等互利原则 principle of equality and mutual benefit/ 平等互利、 讲求 实效、形式多样、共同发展的方针 pursuing practical results, adopting various waysand seeking common development/ the principle of equality, mutual benefit, efficiency, diversity andmutual development / 平衡预算 balance a budget; a balanced budget/ 平均主义 equalitarianism / 瓶颈制约 “bottleneck”restrictions / 白皮书 white paper Q/ 青少年犯罪 juvenile deliquency/ 轻水反应堆 light water reactor( LWR)/ 倾销 dump; dumping/ 抢跑 "false start, beat the gun" / 敲竹杠 make somebody pay through the nose; put the lug on; rob by a trick / 青藏高原 Qinghai-Tibet Plateau/ 抢得先机 take the preemptive opportunities / 氢弹 hydrogen bomb/ 轻轨火车 light rail train / 抢购 panic buying/ 切入点 point of penetration; breakthrough point / 情商 emotion quotient (EQ)/ 侨务 affairs concerning nationals residing abroad / 情有独钟 show special preference (favor) to … / 侨胞 countrymen residing abroad / 情感 消费 emotional consumption / 巧 妇难为无米之炊 If you have no hand you can't make a fist./ One can't make bricks without straw./ 翘 尾巴 be cocky; get stuck-up/ 钦差 大臣 imperial envoy; imperial commissioner/ 求大同,存小异 seek common ground on major question while reserving differences on minor ones/ 勤政廉 政建设 keep government functionaries honest and industrious/ 勤工俭学 part-work and part-study system; work-study program / 禽流感 bird flu / 屈体 "jackknife, pike" / 清明节 Pure Bright Festival; Tomb Sweeping Day / 清算/结算 clearing /settlement / 清算银行 clearing bank / 清算公司 clearing corporation; liquidation company/ 清产核资 asset and capital verification / 清洁能源 clean


energy/ 侵吞公款 embezzle public funds/ embezzlement of public funds/ 洽谈会 "fair, meeting" / 牵 头人 initiator/ 千里之行始于足下 a thousand-li journey begins with the first step--the highest eminence is to be gained step by step/ 千禧婴 儿 millennium infant; millennium baby / 千年问题、千年虫 millennium bug / 千代田寿险公司 (日本) Chiyoda Mutual Life Insurance Co. / 签约仪式 signing ceremony/ 钱袋子 fund sources/ 前事不忘,后事之师 Past experience, if not forgotten, is a guide for the future./ 前人栽树,后人 乘凉 One generation plants the trees in whose shade another generation rests./ One sows and another reaps./ 前瞻性 perspectiveness/ 前怕狼,后怕虎 fear the wolf in front and the tiger behind/ hesitate in doing something/ 欠收(农业) crop failure/ 强龙难压地头蛇 Even a dragon (from the outside) finds it hard to control a snake in its old haunt Powerful outsiders can hardly afford to neglect local bullies. / 强 力球(美国的全国性彩票) powerball/ 强强联手 win-win co-operation/ 强 权外交 power diplomacy/ 强化班 intensive training class / 亲民党 People First Party / 区位商业 location-based commerce / 区域经 济 regional economies/ 取消禁运 lifting of embargo/ 圈外人士 people out of the loop / 权力下放 delegate power to the lower levels; shift of power to the grassroots/ 权 力法案 Bill of Rights/ 权益回报率 returns on equity (ROE)/ 权贵资本 主义(又译裙带资本主义或亲朋好友 资本主义) crony capitalism / 全民健 身计划纲要 outline of the nationwide body-building plan / 全 面实施以德育为核心、 以创新精神和 实践能力为重点的素质教育 carry on the quality education centering on moral education and emphasizing creativity and practice / 全面禁止和彻底销毁核武器 complete prohibition and thorough destruction nuclear weapons/ 全球 移动通信系统(全球通) global system for mobile communications (GSM) / 全球变暖 global warming/ 全球多边贸易体系 global system of multilateral trade/ 全球定位系统 global positioning system (GPS) / 全天候 24-hour (service)/ 全天候 飞机 all-weatehr aircraft / 全优工程 all-round excellent project / 全能冠

军 all-around winner / 全方位外交 multi-faceted diplomacy / 全方位、 多层次、宽领域的对外开放格局 all-dimensional, multitiered and wide-ranging opening pattern/ 全国 人民代表大会 NPC (National People's Congress)/ 全国人口普查 nationwide census/ 全国卫生城市 National Hygienic City / 全景电影 cinepanoramic / 全资企业 exclusively-invested enterprises/ 拳头产品 competitive products; knock-out products; blockbuster / 券商 securities trader / 裙带风 nepotism; petticoat influence / 裙带 关系 networking through petticoat influence / 群言堂 allow everybody to air his view; let everyone have his say; speak one's mind freely / 起跑器 block / 旗袍 cheong-sam; Chi-pao / 骑警 horseback police / 企业形象 corporate image(CI)/ enterprise image/ 企业效益 performance of enterprises/ 企业上 市 listing of a company/ 企业文化 corporate culture / 企业重组 reshuffle of the enterprises / 企业 产权 property rights of enterprises/ 企业的自我约束机制 self-regulating mechanism of enterprises / 企业孵化器 enterprise incubator / 企业改制 restructuring of enterprise / 企业兼 并重组 annexation and reorganization of enterprises/ 企业 集团 enterprise group/ 启动基金 initial funding/ 启发式教学 heuristic education / 欺行霸市价格 forced quotation/ 期末存货 closing stock / 期初存货 opening stock / 期房 forward delivery housing / 期 货对冲交易 offsetting futures transactions/ 期货交易 deal in futures; futures business/trading; forward business R/ 让利 surrender part of the profits/ 瑞雪兆丰年 A timely snow promises a good harvest./ 人类免 疫缺陷病毒 Human Immunodeficiency Virus(HIV) / 人 类基因图谱 human genome/ 人情 债 debt of gratitude / 人性化管理 human-based management/ 人身 意外保险 personal accident insurance / 人身攻击 personal attack/ 人寿保险 life insurance/ 入 水时水花很少 clean entry / 热污染 thermal pollution/ 人头税 poll tax/ 人之初,性本善 Man's nature at birth is good./ 人才流失 brain drain / 人才战 competition for talented people/ 人才高地 talent highland/ 人才交流 talents exchange/ 人大
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代表 NPC member/ 热带雨林 tropical rain forest/ 热带风暴 Tropical Storm / 热岛效应 tropical island effect / 人逢喜事精神爽 Joy puts heart into a man./ 人浮于事 overstaffing / 人浮于事 overstaff/ 人工智能 artificial intelligence(AI) / 热核弹头 thermonuclear warhead/ 人海战术 huge-crowd strategy / 人 机交互 human-computer interaction / 人际交往 human communication / 人均住房 per-capita housing / 入境问俗,入乡 随俗 When in Rome do as the Romans do./ 人口老龄化 an aging population / 人口素质 quality of population/ 人口学 larithmics/ 人 口出生率 birth rate/ 人口负增长 negative population growth (NPG) / 人口过剩 overpopulation/ 软新闻 soft news / 任意球 free kick / 软盘 floppy disk/ 认股权证 warrant / 软 着陆 soft landing / 弱肉强食法则 law of the jungle/ 日本协力银行 Japan Bank For International Cooperation (JBIC) / 日本右翼势力 right-wing forces in Japan/ 日本广 播协会 NHK/ 日经指数 Nikkei Index/ 荣誉权 right of fame/ 融资 渠道 financing channels / 绕圈子 beat around the bush / 燃油附加税 bunker surcharge / 染指 reap undeserved profit from; encroach upon S/ (西方的)三权分立 separation of executive, legislative, and judicial powers/ (企业集团的) 松散层 loose level (of an enterprise group) / 360 度环幕电影 Circamara / <<史记>> Shi Ji/ Historical Records / 舍利子 Buddha's relics/ 世上无难事,只要 肯攀登 "Where there is a will, there is a way. " / 世外桃源 a fictitious land of peace away from the turmoil of the world; / 死亡率 mortality/ 酸 雨 acid rain / 死帐 uncollectible account, bad debt, bad loan / 事业 单位 public institution / 摄政王 acting king; prince regent/ 枢纽工 程 multi-purpose project or pivotal project/ 闪电战 blitz; lightning war/ 死而后已 until my heart stops beating/ 死机 system halted / 世界 大学生运动会(大运会) universiade / 世界观、人生观、价值观 world outlook; outlook on life; values / 社 论 editorial / 社区服务 community services/ 社会名流 celebrity/ 社会 力量办学 running of schools by non-governmental sectors/ 社会效 益 social effect /results /benefit / 社会热点问题 hot spots of society / 社会治安情况 public security


situation / 社会主义市场经济 socialist market economy/ 社会主 义精神文明建设 socialist ideological and ethical progress/ 社 会保障制度 social security system / 社会福利彩票 social welfare lotteries/ 社会化服务体系 socialized service system; social service system/ 市盈率 p/e (price/earning) ratio / 市政工程 municipal works; municipal engineering/ 市值 market capitalization / 市场营销学 marketing/ 市场占有率 market share/ 市场疲软 sluggish market / 市场饱和 market saturation; saturated market/ 市场化 marketization / 市场准入 market access / 市话 local calls/ 适龄儿童 入学率 enrolment rate for children of school age/ 岁岁平安 Peace all year round/ 申诉权 right of petition/ 适销对路的产品 readily marketable products / 适者生存 survival of the fittest/ 申办奥运会 bid for the Olympic Games / 适度 从紧的财政政策 moderately tight fiscal policy / 上马 start a project/ 上门服务 door-to-door service / 上 新台阶 reach a new level; reach a higher stage of development/ 上市 to be listed / 上市公司 listed companies / 上山下乡 (of educated urban youth) go and work in the countryside or mountain areas / 送温暖工程 heart-warming project/ 身外之物 worldly possessions/ 商务旅游 business travel/ 身体素质 physique; physical constitution / 上网 to get on the Internet, surf the net / 上有 天堂,下有苏杭 "Just as there is paradise in heaven, ther are Suzhou and Hangzhou on earth." / 商业网点 commodity network/ 商 业炒作 commercial speculation / 商业贷款 commercial loan/ 商业存 在(服务贸易) commercial presence / 释迦牟尼 Sakyamuni / 商品条码 bar code / 商品房空置的 现象 the vacancy problem in commercial housing / 商品化 commercialization/ 商品经济 commodity economy/ 上岗 go to one's post; go on duty/ 上海五国第 六次峰会 "the sixth summit of ""Shanghai Five"" " / 上海五国机制 the Shanghai Five mechanism / 上 海合作组织 Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) / 商检局 Commodity Inspection Bureau / 深 加工 deep processing; further processing/ 搜索引擎(计算机)

search engine/ 神州行电话卡 Shenzhou pre-paid card / 收视率 audience ratings; television viewing / 审时度势 size up the situation / 试用期 probationary period / 收盘 价 closing price/ 视频点播 video on demand (VOD)/ 试点工程 pilot project/ 试管婴儿 test-tube baby/ 收购兼并 merger and acquisition / 生命银行 bank for keeping the donated organs and remains of dead persons for medical use/ 授 信贷款 credit extension loan / 授信 额度 line of credit / 少数服从多数、 下级服从上级、局部服从全体、全党 服从中央 "the minority is subordinate to the majority, the lower level to the higher level, the part to the whole and the entire membership of the Party to the Central Committee " / 寿司 sushi, a Japanese dish of rolls of cold rice flavoured and garnished/ 生物圈 biosphere/ 塞翁失马,焉知非福 Misfortune may be an actual blessing. / 生物恐怖主义 bioterrorism / 生态旅游 ecotourism/ 生态林 ecological forest/ 生态农业 environmental-friendly agriculture / 生意兴隆 Business flourishes/ 所 有权经营权分离 separate ownership from managerial authority/ 所得税 income tax/ 售后 服务 after-sale services / 三民主义 the Three People's Principles (Nationalism, Democracy and the People's Livelihood) put forward by Dr. Sun Yat-sen / 三连冠 three successive championships / 三来 一补企业 "the enterprises that process raw materials on clients' demands, assemble parts for the clients and process according to the clients' samples; or engage in compensation trade." / 瘦肉精(盐 酸克伦特罗) clenobuterol hydrochloride/ 三权分立 separation of the executive, legislative and judicial powers/ 三 十而立 "A man should be independent at the age of thirty. / At thirty, a man should be able to think for himself." / 三下乡 "a program under which officials, doctors, scientist and college students go to the countryside to spread scientific and literacy knowledge and offer medical service to farmers" / 三通 "three direct links of trade, mail, and air and shipping services across the Taiwan Straits " / 三通一 平 "three supplies and one leveling;
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supply of water, electricity and road and leveled ground (conditions ready for further economic development)" / 三维电影 three-dimensional movie / 三维动 画片 three-dimensional animation / 三峡工程 Three Gorges Project/ 三无企业 "three-no-enterprises (It refers to enterprises with no capital, no plant, and no administrative structure.)" / 受灾群众 people afflicted by a natural disaster / 受灾 地区 disaster-affected are / 三陪 girls who provides illegal sexual services, esp. prostitute/ 三农问题 issues concerning agriculture, countryside and farmers/ 三八线 38th Parallel / 三八红旗手 woman pace-setter / 三产 tertiary industry/ 三步走战略 the three-step development strategy / 三大作风 the Party's three important styles of work (integrating theory with practice, forging close links with the masses and practicing self-criticism) / 三废(废气、废水、废渣) “three wastes”(waste gas, waste water and waste residues)/ 三个有利于 three favorables (whether it promotes the growth of the productive forces in a socialist society, increases the overall strenth of the socialist state and raises the people's living standards / 三个代表 three represents theory (The Party should always represent the development needs of China's advanced social productive forces, always represent the onward direction of China's advanced culture, and always represent the fundamental interests of the largest member of the Chinese people.) / 三高农业 "three highs" agriculture (high yield, high quality and high efficiency agriculture)/ 三好学生 merit student; three good student(good in study, attitude and health) / 升级换代 updating and upgrading (of products)/ 三角恋爱 love triangle / 三角债 chain debt / 三讲教育 (讲学习、 讲政治、 讲正气) three emphases education (to stress theoretical study, political awareness and good conduct) / 数 据通信 data communication/ 三资 企业(中外合资企业,中外合作企业, 外商独资企业) "three kinds of foreign-invested enterprises or ventures: Sino-foreign joint ventures, cooperative businesses and exclusively foreign-owned enterprises in China " / 三自原则


principles of self-administration, self-support and self-propagation/ 数字地球 digital globe/ 三字经 three-character scripture / 随行就 市 prices fluctuating in response to market conditions / 四书(《大学》 、 《中庸》 论语》 孟子》 The Four 、 《 、 《 ) Books (The Great Learning, The Doctrine of the Mean, The Analects of Confucius, The Mencius)/ 四十 不惑 Life begins at forty. / 涉外经 济 foreign-related business / 四项 基本原则 "the Four Cardinal Principles of adherence to the socialist road, the people's democratic dictatorship, the leadership of the Communist Party of China, and Marxism-Leninism and Mao Zedong Thought" / 四有 新人 "new generation of people with lofty ideals, moral integrity, good education and a strong sense of discipline" / 四大金刚 Four Heavenly Guardians at the entrance to a Buddhism temple; Four Devarajas / 四个如何认识 (江 泽民总书记在今年 6 月 28 日中央思 想政治工作会议上发表的重要讲话 中, 提出并精辟阐述了如何认识社会 主义发展的历史进程、 如何认识资本 主义发展的历史进程、 如何认识我国 社会主义改革实践过程对人们思想 的影响、 如何认识当今的国际环境和 国际政治斗争带来的影响等当前直 接影响干部群众思想活动的重大问 题.) "In his important address to the Central Ideological and Political Work Conference on June 28 this year, Party General Secretary Jiang Zemin expounds on how to understand the historical process of socialist development; how to understand the historical process of capitalist development; how to understand the impact of China's socialist reform over the people's thinking; how to understand the impact of the current international environment and political struggle." / 四个现代化 four modernizations (the modernization of agriculture, industry, national defense, and science and technology)/ 四合院 courtyard dwellilngs; quadrangle dwellings/ 手机入网费 mobile access fee / 手机入网费 initiation charges for mobile phone/ 省会 provincial capital / 散户 retail / private investor / 刷卡,划卡 to punch the card; to stamp the card / 桑拿浴 sauna / 圣战(伊斯兰教徒对 异教徒的战争) jihad/ 甩卖 clearance sale; be on sale / 师兄弟

(senior and junior) fellow apprentice / 失恋 be disappointed in love; be jilted / 失学儿童 dropout / 扫盲 eliminate illiteracy/ 扫尾工作 round-off work; wind-up work / 扫 黄,打非 eliminate pornography and illegal publications / 狮子座 Leo/ 施政纲领 administrative program/ 双刃剑 double-edged sword / 双向 选择 "two-way selection, referring to employer and employee choosing each other in a job market" / 双向选择 two-way choice (in employment practice)/ 双学位 double degree/ 双赢局面 win-win situation / 双职工 man and wife both at work; working couple/ 双重 轨制 two-tier system ; double-track system / 双重国籍 dual nationality/ 森林覆盖率 forest coverage; percentage of forest cover/ 谁言寸草心,报得三春晖 "Such kindness of warm sun, can't be repaid by grass. " / 水土流失 soil erosion / 水下导弹 submarine-based missiles/ 水涨船 高 When the river rises, the boat floats high./ 十一界三中全会 the Third Session of the Eleventh Central Committee of the Party / 水 墨画 Chinese brush drawing; ink and wash painting / 水货 smuggled goods / 杀手锏 sudden thrust of the mace--one's trump or master card / 时不我待 Time and tide wait for no man. / 杀鸡用牛刀 break a butterfly on the wheel/ 刹 住大吃大喝、公费旅游、铺张浪费的 奢侈之风 put a stop to extravagance and waste (wining and dining of official guests, touring the country at public expenses) 沙 / 漠化 desertification/ 食品卫生法 Food Hygiene Law of People's Republic of China / 沙尘暴 sand storm; dust storm / 实行股份制 enforce stockholding system / 实行 国民待遇 grant the national treatment to / 实行计划生育、控制 人口数量、 提高人口素质 promotion of family planning to control the population size and improve the health of the people / 实事求是 seek truth from facts; be practical and realistic; be true to facts / 实时 达帐 real-time account settlement / 实体经济 the real economy / 实现 零的突破 "fulfil the zero (gold medal, medal, etc) breakthrough" / 实现小康目标 to achieve the goal of ensuring our people a relative comfortable life / 实现中华民族伟 大复兴 bring about a great
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rejuvenation of the Chinese nation / 说曹操,曹操到 Talk of the devil and he comes./ 实话实说 speak the plain truth; call a spade a spade; tell it as it is / 实践是检验真理的唯一标 准 Practice is the sole criterion for testing truth. / 硕博联读 a continuous academic project that involves postgraduate and doctoral study / 思乡曲 Nostalgia / 思想僵 铁 fossilized concept / 私人游资 mobile private capital/ 私人企业 private enterprise/ 私营企业 privately-run enterprise/ 山姆大叔 Uncle Sam/ 山不在高,有仙则名 "No matter how high the mountain is, its name will spread far and wide if there is a fairy; " / 司仪 MC (master of ceremonies) / 首期按揭 down-payment / 首次公开发行的股 票 initial public offering (IPO) / 首 创精神 pioneering spirit / 首航 maiden voyage (of an aircraft or ship) / 渗透、颠覆和分裂活动 infiltrative, subversive and splittist activities/ 素质教育 education for all-around development / 树立企业 良好形象 foster a good and healthy company image / 夙敌 "arch-rival/ 涮羊肉 instant-boiled mutton / 《神 曲》 Divine Comedy / 《生死抉择》 Live or Die / 《三国演义》 The Romance of the Three Kingdoms / 《水浒传》 Heroes of the Marshes; Water Margins / 《山海经》 the Classic of Mountains and Rivers T/ 韬光养晦 hide one's capacities and bide one's time/ 题外话 digression; mention in passing/ 土 地酸化 acidification/ 土地沙化 desertification of land; desert encroachment / 土地使用权 land-use right/ 土地承包期 land contract period/ 提高农产品收购价 格 the government's increase in its procurement prices (for farm products) / 提价 price hike/ 糖衣炮 弹 sugar-coated bullets/ 托福考试 Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL)/ 退耕还林还牧 convert the land for forestry and pasture/ 退耕还林还草 grain for green / 拖拉作风 dilatory style of work/ 拖欠工资 arrears of wage/ 天时、 地利、 人和 favorable climatic, geographical and human comditions; favorable objective adn subjective factors for success/ 天 时,地利,人和 good timing, geographical convenience and good human relations/ 填鸭式教学 cramming method of teaching/ 天 有不测风云 Anything unexpected


may happen. a bolt from the blue/ 天赋人权 natural rights/ 脱手 release grip / 脱销 out of stock/ 脱 氧核糖核酸 deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)/ 脱贫致富 "cast (shake, throw) off poverty and set out on a road to prosperity" / 脱产 be disengaged from work; divorce oneself from one's work/ 脱口秀 talk show / 逃税 tax evasion/ 陶冶 情操 cultivate one's taste (temperament) / 鸵鸟政策 ostrich policy; ostrichism/ 逃票 to sneak through without a ticket / 逃票者 ticket evader / 贴水 agio/ 铁腕人 物 strongman; iron-handed person/ 贴现率 discount market/ 贴现公司 discount house / 铁血宰相 iron-and-blood prime minister / 铁 饭碗 iron rice bowl / 铁哥们 faithful pal;buddies;sworn friend / 厅长 head of a department (under a provincial government) / 团身 bunch up the body / 体育彩票 sports lotteries/ 团队精神 team spirit; esprit de corps / 体改委 commission for economic restructuring/ 团结就是力量 Unity is strength./ 唐老鸭 Donald Duck/ 替身演员 stunt man/woman; stand-in / 推广科研成果 turning laboratory achievements into commercial/mass production; commercialization of laboratory achievements / 唐装 Tang suit/ 唐 装 traditional Chinese garments (clothing)/ 讨债公司 debt-collection company/ 停薪留职 retain one's position with one's salary suspended; obtain an indefinite leave of absence from one's work unit / 庭院经济 courtyard economy/ 抬杠 argue for the sake of arguing; bicker / 台湾是 中国神圣领土不可分割的一部分 Taiwan is an inalienable part of the inviolable territory of China./ 台湾 同胞 Taiwan compatriots/ 台湾、香 港、 澳门保持原有的资本主义制度和 生活方式长期不变 Taiwan, Hong Kong and Macao will retain the current capitalist system and way of life for a long time to come./ 台湾当 局 the Taiwan authorities/ 通用汽 车公司 General Motors Corporation (GM)/ 通票 through ticket/ 通存通兑 the banking procedure where deposits and withdrawals are processed at any branch bank / 通关 be cleared by the customs/ 通货升值 currency revaluation/ 通货混合,鸡尾酒式货 币 currency cocktail / 通货回笼

withdrawal of currency in circulation/ 通货紧缩 deflation (of currency) / 太阳浴 sun bath; insolation/ 太平洋舰队(美) Pacific Fleet/ 太空垃圾 space trash/ 太空 步 moonwalk / 同类产品 like product / 同声传译 simultaneous interpretation/ 同乡会 an association of fellow provincials or townsmen / 同业拆借 inter-bank borrowing/ 同步卫星 geostationary satellilte/ 同等学力 have the same educational level (as the regular graduate or student of certain academic qualification) / 同等学力 申请硕士学位统考 general examination for applicants with education background equivalent to college graduates for master's degree / 摊牌 put/lay one?s card on the table / 摊薄每股收益 diluted earning per share / 贪污腐化 corruption and degeneration/ 筒子 楼 tube-shaped apartment / 统一 市场 single market / 统一税 "flat tax, consolidated tax" / 统一战线 united front/ 统筹安排 comprehensive arrangement / 统筹 兼顾 make overall plans adn take all factors into consideration; overall planning and all-round consideration / 偷税漏税 tax evasion / 偷税、骗税、逃税、抗税 "tax evasion, tax fraud, and refusal to pay taxes " / 偷渡者 stowaway / 偷工减料 use inferior materials and turn out sub-standed products/ 投 手 pitcher / 投诉中心 complaint center / 投标 bid for; tender for / 投机商号 bucket shop/ 投资主体 the investment subject / 投资风险 investment risk/ 投资环境 investment environment/ 头寸松 credit ease/ 头寸紧 credit crunch; fund shortage/ 头号种子选手 No.1 seed (player); top seed / 透明度 transparency/ 谈判的筹码 bargain chip / 透过现象看本质 see through the appearance to perceive the essence / 探明储量 verified deposits; verified reserves/ 探亲外 交 family-visit diplomacy; relative-visiting diplomacy/ 炭疽 anthrax/ 套利 arbitrage / 套期保值 hedge/ 特洛伊木马 Trojan horse/ 特许税 franchise tax / 特色电话机 feature phone / 跳蚤市场 flea market / 跳棋 Chinese chequers; Chinese draughts; halma / 特种债 券 special bonds/ 特别行政区 special administrative region/ 特别 提款权 special drawing rights (SDR; SDRs) ; paper gold / 跳槽
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job-hopping / 跳槽者 job-hopper / 特技演员 stunt man; stand-in / 踢 皮球 pass the buck/ 跆拳道 tae kwon do / “跳进黄河洗不清” "eve if one jumped into the Yellow River, one can not wash oneself clean--there's nothing one can do to clear one's name " / 弹性外交 elastic diplomacy / 弹性工资 flexible pay / 调酒师 bartender W/ 卫冕世界冠军 reigning world champion / 外卖 take-out / 外卖店 take-out restaurant / 外联网(计算机) extranet/ 外贸单证员 vouching clerk/ 外贸自营权 power to engage in foreign trade/ 外星人 extraterrestrial being (ET) / 卫星城 satellite town/ 卫星导航 satellilte navigation/ 外需 overseas market demand/ 温室气体 greenhouse gases/ 外税局 foreign-related tax bureau / 外向型经济 export-oriented economy / 外逃资 本 flight capital/ 外滩(上海) The Bund / 外债 foreign debt; external debt/ 外企 foreign company/ 温饱 工程 bring-warmth fill-bellies project / 温饱工程 Adequate Food and Clothing Program/ 外层空间 outer space/ 歪风邪气 unhealthy practices and evil phenomena/ 外 汇储备 foreign exchange reserve (forex reserve)/ 外汇管理局 Administration of Exchange Control / 外汇管制 foreign exchange control / 外交斡旋 diplomatic offices/ 外交庇护 diplomatic asylum/ 顽固分子 die-hard/ 问讯 处 information office; inquiry desk / 稳定物价 stabilize prices/ 稳定压 倒一切 Maintaining stability is of top priority / 物流 logistics; the interflow of goods and materials/ 物以类聚,人以群分 Birds of a feather flock together./ 物业管理 estate management, property management / 物质文明 material progress/ 物质文明建设和精神文明 建设一起抓 pay attention to ethical as well as material progress/ 物种 起源 origin of species/ 物价局 Price Bureau / 我们在国际上说话 是算数的 We always live up to our international commitments./ 王水 aqua regia / 万维网(计算机) World Wide Web(WWW)/ 王储,王太子 Crown Prince / 汪辜会谈 Wang Daohan-Koo Chen-fu Talks (Wang-Koo talks) / 乌龙球 own goal/ 乌拉圭回合 Uruguay Round / 挖墙脚 undermine the foundation of sth.; cut the ground from under sb's feet / 往事如风 "The past has


vanished (from memory) like wind.; What in past, is past." / 污水处理 sewage treatment/ disposal/ 污染 指数 pollution index/ 往返机票 return ticket; round-trip ticket/ 望子 成龙 hold high hopes for one's child/ 屋漏又逢连阴雨 Misfortunes never come singly. When it rains it pours./ 屋顶花园 broof garden / 五 保户 household enjoying the five guarantees (childless and infirm old persons who are guarateed food, clothing, medical care, housing and burial expenses)/ 五金化工 metals and chemicals / 五讲四美三热爱 the movement of "five stresses, four points of beauty and three loves"(The five stresses are: stress on decorum, manners, hygiene, discipline and morals. The four points of beauty are: beauty of the mind, language, behavior adn the enviornment. The three loves are: love of the motherland, socialism and the Communist Party.)/ 文联 literary federation / 文明街道 model community / 纹身 tattoo/ 文 韬武略 military expertise; military strategy / 武侠小说 tales of roving knights; martial arts novel; kung fu novel / 文化旅游 culture-oriented travel/ 文化产业 culture industry/ 文科 liberal arts / 微软移动构想 Microsoft Vision for Mobility; Microsoft Mobility Initiatives / 微软 公司 Micorsoft Corporation/ 危房 dilapidated building/ 违反合同 breach of contract/ 围垦造田 enclose tideland for cultivation; reclaim land from marshes / 唯利是 图 draw water to one's mill / 唯一 致命的弱点 Achilles' heel / 维护人 权和不断改善人权状况 safeguard human rights and steadily improve the human rights situation / 伪劣商 品赔还法 lemon law / 伪君子 hypocrite; a wolf in sheep's clothing / 慰安妇 comfort woman/ 网络摄 象机 web cam / 网络出版 online publishing / 网络管理员 network administrator / 网络化 networking / 网络经济 cybereconomy / 网络恐 怖主义 cyberterrorism / 网民 netizen; net citizen; cyber citizen / 网恋 online love affair / 网上冲浪 surf the Internet / 网上交易平台 online trading platform / 网友 net friend / 网吧 Internet bar / 网虫 netter; Internet geek / 网关 gateway / 无力偿付的公司 insolvent corporation/ 无形资产 intangible assets / 无形资产 intangible assets; immaterial

property/ 无人售票 self-service ticketing / 无绳来电显示电话 ordless telephone with caller ID / 无土栽培 soil-less cultivation / 威 武之师,文明之师 mighty force and civilized force/ 无息贷款 interest-free loan/ 无为而治 govern by doing nothing that is against nature; govern by non-interference / 无线应用协议 WAP (wireless application protocol) / 无源雷达 passive radar/ 无源之 水,无本之木 water without a source, and a tree wiithout roots/ 无中生有 make/create something out of nothing / 无风不起浪 There are no waves without wind. There's no smoke without fire./ 无氟冰箱 Freon-free refrigerator / 无公害 蔬菜 "green" vegetable/ 业主 home owner / 《围城》 A Surrounded City X/ (翻译)信、达、雅 "faithfulness, expressiveness and taste" / 徇私舞 弊 bend the law for personal gain and engage in fraud/ 徇私枉法 bend the law for the benefit of relatives or friends / 新秀 "up-and-coming star, rising star" / 新新人类 New Human Being;X Generation / 新兴市场 emerging market/ 新石器时代 the Neolithic Age; New Stone Age' / 新宠 new favorite / 新的经济增长点 new point for/ sources of economic growth/ 新干线 "the Shinkansen, bullet train" / 新官上任三把火 a new broom sweeps clean / 新婚市 场(指买卖兴旺的市场) bridal market/ 星球大战计划 Star Wars Program/ 星期日泰晤士报 the Sunday Times / 星火计划 Spark Program/ 行使否决权 exercise the veto/ 行头 theatrical costumes (and paraphernalia)/ 行政审批制度 administrative approval system / 行 政诉讼 administrative proceedings/ 虚心使人进步,骄傲使人落后 Modesty helps one go forward, whereas conceit makes one lag behind./ 虚拟网 virtual net / 虚拟 银行 virtual bank/ 虚拟存款 window-dressing deposits/ 虚开增 值税发票 write false value added tax invoices / 蓄势而发 accumulate strength for a take-off/ 形式主义 formalism / 形象小姐/先 生 image representative of a product or a brand / 形成全方位、 多 层次、宽领域的开放格局 form an all-directional, multi-layered and wide-ranging opening pattern/ 形而 上学 metaphysics / 刑法 penal
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code; criminal law/ 许可证制度 license granting mechanisms/ 性别 歧视 sexual/gender discrimination/ 性价比 cost performance / 悬而未 决的问题 outstanding question/ 信 息产业部电信管理局 Telecommunication Management Bureau of Ministry of Information Industry / 信息革命 information revolution/ 信息港 inforport; cyber port / 信息高速公路 information superhighway/ 信息高地 information highland/ 信息含量 information content/ 信息化 informationize / 信息检索 information retrieval/ 信用文化 credit culture / 信用危机 credit crisis / 信用紧缩 credit crunch / 信 贷支持 credit aid / 信得过产品 trustworthy product/ 心理素质 psychological quality / 心心相印, 精神感应 telesthesia/ 心想事成 May all your wish come true/ 心照 不宣 have a tacit understanding; give tacit consent; tacit understanding/ 小型核武器 Mini-nukes/ 小农经济 small-scale peasant economy; autarkical small-scale farming / 小道消息 hearsay/ 小而全 small and all-inclusive/ 小金库 a private coffer/ 小康 a comfortable level of living; a better-off life; moderate prosperity / 小康之家 well-off family; comfortably-off family / 校训 school motto / 校园文化 campus culture/ 效率优先,兼顾公平 give priority to efficiency with due consideration to fairness/ 效益农业 profitable agriculture / 效益工资 achievements-related wages; wages based on benefits / 邪教 heathendom/ 斜拉索桥 stayed-cable bridge / 写真集 photo album / 香榭里舍大街 avenue des champs-elyses/ 下网 off line / 下 游行业 downstream industry / 下载 (计算机) downloading/ 香波 shampoo/ 下放权力给 delegating the management of ... (to ...) / 香格 里拉 Shangri-la / 香港明天更好基 金会 Better Hong Kong Foundation/ 香港特别行政区 Hong Kong Special Administrative Region(HKSAR)/ 下岗职工 laid-off workers / 下海 plunge into the commercial sea / 乡统筹,村提留 fees paid by farmers for overall township planning and village reserve/ 乡镇企业 township enterprises/ 闲散资金 scattered funds/ 先入为主 First impressions are firmly entrenched./ 先下手为强


catch the ball before the bound/ 享 乐主义 hedonism/ 项目立项 approve and initiate a project / 项 目申报 project application / 项目预 算 project budget / 项目支持 project support / 像热锅上的蚂蚁 like an ant on a hot pan/ 向钱看 "mammonism, put money above all" / 险胜 "cliff-hanging win, narrow victory, nose out" / 嫌贫爱 富 despise the poor and curry favor with the rich/ 销售景气指数 sales index/ 销项税 output tax/ 消费信 贷 consumer credit services / 消费 税 consumption tax / 消费者协会 consumers' association / 消费者权 益日 International Day for Consumers' Rights and Interests / 消费者物价指数 consumer price index / 消费结构 pattern of consumption/ 吸收游资 absorb idle fund / 吸收存款 deposit taking/ 吸取世界文明成果 assimilate the achievements of civilzations the world over / 宵夜 a stoke of midnight / 夏至 Summer Solstice/ 现身说法 warn people by taking oneself as an example/ 现场直播 live broadcast / 现代企业制度 modern enterprise system; modern corporate system / 现货交易 cash market transactions; spot transactions/ 现金流量 cash flow/ 稀缺经济 scarcity economy/ 息事 宁人 pour oil on troubled waters / 希望工程 Hope Project / 夕阳产业 sunset industry/ 喜忧参半 mingled hope and fear / 洗礼 baptism/ 洗 钱 money laundering / 细菌战 germ war/ 县改市 county upgraded to city / 县级市 county-level city / 限制战略武器会 谈 strategic arms limitation talks( SALT)/ 线下商贸运作 offline business operation / 西气东输 transmit the natural gas from the western areas to East China; West-East natural gas transmission project/ 西部大开发 Western Development/ 西电东送 transmit the electricity from the western areas to East China; West-East electricity transmission project/ 削 减战略核武器会谈 strategic arms reduction talks (START) / 选美 beauty contest/ 选举人票 electoral vote / 选举人制 electoral system / 选举权和被选举权 the right to vote and the right to be elected / 学历教 育 education with record of formal schooling / 学生处 students' affairs division / 学生减负 alleviate the burden on students / 学时 credit

hours/ 学而优则仕 (a Confucian slogan for education) a good scholar can become an official; he who excels in study can follow an official career / 学分 credit points/ 熏青鱼,转移注意力的话,证券说明书, 证券销售书 a red herring / 循序渐 进 step by step/ 寻呼小姐 operators who work with paging centers / 寻呼台 paging centers / 巡航导弹 cruise missile/ 巡回招聘 milk round / 巡回医疗 medical tour/ 《信息技术协议》 ITA (Information Technology Agreement) / 《西行漫记》 Red Star over China / 《西厢记》 The Romance of West Chamber / 《西 游记》 Pilgrimage to the West; Journey to the West Y/ (领导人) 与民众的直接对话 town hall conference/meeting / (祝愿…) 一路平安,一路顺风 speed somebody on their way; speed the parting guest / 鹬蚌相争,渔人得利 "when the snip and the calm grapple, it is the fisherman who stands to benefit; two dogs strive for a bone, and a third runs away with it" / 瑜迦 Yoga/ 亚太经合组织 领导人非正式会议 IAELM (Informal APEC Economic Leaders' Meetings) / 亚太经合组织部长级会议 AMM (APEC MinisteriaI Meeting) / 亚太 经合组织工商咨询理事会会议 ABAC Meeting (APEC Business Advisory Council Meeting) / 亚太经 合组织经济领导人会议 AELM (APEC Economic Leaders Meeting) / 亚太经济合作组织 APEC (Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation)/ 亚洲金融危机 financial crisis in Asia/ 亚洲开发银 行 ADB(Asian Development Bank )/ 亚健康 subhealthy / 研究 生毕业证/学位证 graduate diploma/graduate degree's diploma / 研究生成绩考试(美) Graduate Record Examination (GRE)/ 研究 成果 research results / 严以律己, 宽以待人 be strict with oneself and lenient towards others/ 严打措施 "Strike-Hard"" drive " / 严打斗争 "Strike-Hard Operation, campaign to crack down relentlessly on criminal activities" / 言情小说 romantic fiction; sentimental novel / 羊肉串小摊 barbecue stall / 洋务运 动 Westernization Movement/ 阳 春(最经济方式) no-frills / 眼前利 益服从长远利益,局部利益服从整体 利益,个人和集体利益服从国家利益 subordinate immediate interests to long-term interests, partial interests
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to overall interests and the interests of individuals and collectives to those of the state/ 演绎版 demo/ 压水花技术 rip entry / 压线(口令) Line! / 压轴戏 grand finale; last and best item on a theatrical program / 鸦片战争 Opium War/ 养老保险 endowment insurance / 养老金 pension / 养路费 road toll / 沿海经济开发区 open coastal economic area/ 鱼米之乡 a land of milk and honey/ 伊斯兰抵抗运动, 简称 Hamas/ 意外风险 emergency risk; unknown risk/ 意 向书 letter of intent/ 意大利粉 spaghetti/ 依法治国 manage state affairs according to law; run state affairs according to law/ 永久正常 贸易关系 permanent normal trading relations (PNTR) / 忧患意 识 awareness of unexpected development; being prepared for unexpected development; being prepared for any eventualities/ 溢 价 premium / 溢价发行债券(以超 过票面金额价发行债券) issue of bonds at a premium/ 有理,有利,有 节 on just grounds, to one's advantage and with restraint; with good reason, with advantage and with restraint/ 有理想、有道德、有 文化、有纪律 "with lofty ideals, integrety, knowledge and a strong sense of discipline" / 有情人终成眷 属 "Jack shall have Jill, all shall be well." / 有钱能使鬼推磨 Money makes the mare go. Money talks./ 有识之士 people of vision/ 有望夺 金者 a gold medal hopeful / 有勇无 谋 use brawn rather than brain / 有 缘千里来相会 Separated as we are thousands of miles apart, we come together as if by predestination./ 有 战斗力、有说服力、有吸引力的思想 工作队伍 a contingent of militant ideological workers able to persuade and act as a magnet for others/ 有中国特色的社会主义民主 政治 a socilalist democracy with Chinese characteristics/ 有中国特 色的社会主义道路 road of socialism with Chinese characteristics/ 有法可依,有法必依, 执法必严,违法必究 There must be laws to go by, the laws must be observed and strictly enforced, and lawbreakers must be prosecuted./ 有个奔头 have something to look forward to; have somehthing to expect/ 有机农业 organic agriculture/ 运球 dribble / 与时俱 进 advance with times/ 运载火箭 carrier rocket/ 议案 bill/ 邮递协议


Post Office Protocol (POP) / 与国 际市场接轨 integrate with the world market; become integrated into the global market / 与国际惯例接轨 become compatible with internationally accepted practices/ 游乐场过山车 roller coaster/ 犹太 人定居点 Jewish settlement/ 语音 识别 speech recognition/ 晕菜 numbed; dumbfounded / 异地资金 汇划 fund remittance between different places / 游资 idle money / fund; floating capital/ 友好城市 sister cities / 以......为龙头 with...as the leading role/ 以理服人 persuade through reasoning/ 域名 (计算机) domain name (DN)/ 以市 场为导向 market-oriented / 以人为 本 people oriented; people foremost / 以上海浦东开发开放为 龙头,进一步开放长江沿岸城市 open more cities along the Yangtze River, while concentrating on the development and opening of the Pudong Area of Shanghai/ 以身作 则,廉洁奉公 set a good example and perform duties honestly/ 以权 谋私 abuse of power for personal gains / 因特网服务提供者 Internet service provider (ISP)/ 以眼还眼,以 牙还牙 an eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth/ 以谋略制胜 outmaneuver / 音频点播 AOD (audio-on-demand) / 以质量求生 存、求发展、求效益 "strive for survival, development and efficiency on the basis of quality" / 以质量求发展 strategy of development through quality; win the market with quality products / 以产定人,减员增效 employ workers in accordance with production needs and increase efficiency while reducing the staff/ 因材施教 teach students according to their aptitude / 因地制宜,因时制 宜,因事制宜,因人制宜 suit our measures to differing conditions in terms of locality, time, issue and persons involved/ 因地制宜,合理分 工,各展所长,优势互补,共同发展的 原则 proceed in the light of local conditions and in accordance with a rational division of labor, with all the regions exploiting their own parricular advantages for mutual benefit and development/ 以讹传讹 incorrectly relay an erroneous message/ 以法治国,以德治国 to govern the country with law and moral/ 因果报应 karma/ 以公有制 为主体,多种经济成分共同发展 the pattern with the public sector

remaining dominant and diverse sectors of the economy developing side by side / 以经济建设为中心 focusing on the central task of economic construction / 以空间换 取时间 trade space for time/ 以资 证明 in witness whereof; in testimony thereof/ 欲穷千里目,更 上一层楼 "to ascend another storey to see a thousand miles further; Ascend further, were you to look farther; Would eye embrace a thousand miles? Go up, one flight." / 欲速则不达 Haste does not bring success. / 育龄妇女 women of child-bearing age/ 引渡 extradite/ 引进技术 introduction of foreign talents; import of foreign talents/ 优 势互补 (of two countries or companies) have complementary advantages / 优胜劣汰 survival of the fittest / 义务兵役制 "compulsory military service, conscription" / 义务教育 compulsory education / 义演 benefit performance; charity performance/ 义演收入 proceeds from benefit performance / 优质名 牌商品 famous-brand, quality products/ 遗传工程 genetic engineering/ 义和团运动 Boxer Uprising / 优惠贷款 loans on favorable terms/ 优化结构 optimize structure / 优化经济结构 optimize the economic structure/ 优化资源配置 optimize the allocation of resources/ 优化组合 optimization grouping; optional regrouping / 移动通讯 mobile communication/ 移动电话双向收费 two-way charges for cellular phones / 摇钱树 cash cow / 摇头 丸 dancing outreach / 印花税 stamp duty / tax/ 英雄所见略同 Great minds think alike./ 英国文化 委员会 British Council of Culture / 预算外收入 extra-budgetary revenue/ 预算外支出 off-budget expenditure/ 预期寿命 life expectancy/ 婴儿死亡率 infant mortality rate/ 预防为主,谁污染谁 治理和强化环境管理三大政策 three major principles for environment control: to put prevention first, to hold those who cause pollution responsible for cleaning up and to improve environmental protection and management/ 应试教育 examination-oriented education system / 应届毕业生 this year's graduates / 药物检查 "dope control, drug testing" / 冤家宜解不
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宜结 Better make friends than make enemies./ 冤假错案 "cases in which people were unjustly, falsely or wrongly charged or sentenced; unjust, false or wrong cases" / 营销管理 marketing management/ 元宵节 Lantern Festival / 营养不良 malnutrition/ 营业税 turnover tax; business tax / 原始资本 original capital/ 原油 crude oil/ 原产地保护 protection of place of origin/ 赢利能力 profitability/ 援藏干部 cadres sent to support/aid Tibet / 野生动物园 wildlife park; safari park / 影子内阁 shadow cabinet/ 硬通货 hard currency/ 硬道理 "absolute principle, top priority" / 圆寂 Parinirvana / 圆桌会议 round-table conference/ 业内人士 insider / 缘 分 chemical, (as if by) predestination, be preordained to come together / 远期合同 forward contract / 远程办公的员工 telecommuting workers / 远程教育 distance learning / 远景规划 perspective long-term plan/ 远景计 划 long-term development targets / 液晶显示屏 liquid crystal display (LCD) / 一揽子(计划) one-package (plan) / 一揽子购买 lump-sum purchase; basket purchase/ 一切向 钱看 money-oriented/ 一手抓物质 文明,一手抓精神文明;一手抓经济 建设,一手抓民主法制;一手抓改革 开放, 一手抓打击犯罪惩治腐败 We must always work for material progress and at the same time for cultural and ethical progress; We should develop the economy and at the same time strengthen democracy and the legal system; We should promote reform and opening to the outside world and at the same time fight crime and punish corruption. / 一式两联 (receipt or invoice) in duplicate / 一 线员工 worker at the production line / 一言既出,驷马难追 A real man never goes back on his words. / 一支接一支不停地抽烟 chain smoke / 一次性解决问题 solve the problem once and for all / 一次性筷 子 throwaway chopsticks / 一大二 公 (concerning the people's commune) large in size and collective in nature / 一刀切 cut it even at one stroke--make it rigidly uniform; impose uniformity in all cases; allow no flexibility / 一帆风 顺 Wishing you every success/ 一 方有难,八方支援 When disaster struck, help came from all sides./


一个中心,两个基本点 one central task, two basic points/ 一国两制 "One country, two systems" / 一级 市场 primary market / 医疗制度改 革 reform of the medicare system / 医疗保险 medical insurance / 越境 污染 trans-frontier pollution/ 跃居 世界前列(产量) (output) leap into the front ranks of the world/ 易拉罐 pop can / 幼稚产业 infant industries/ 幼稚工业 infant industry/ 易爆发战争的地区 war-prone areas/ 银行网点 bank outlets / 银弹外交 money diplomacy; dollar diplomacy; "silver bullet" diplomacy/ 隐形牧人 invisible income; off-payroll income/ 隐形飞机 stealth aircraft / 隐形轰 炸机 stealth bomber/ 隐性收入 invisible income; off-payroll income; side money / 隐性失业 recessive unemployment/ 隐性就业 unregistered employment / 舆论导 向 direction of public opinion / 舆论 监督 supervision by public opinion / 薏米 seed of Job's tears / (重要而 难懂的)专门术语 buzzword ; jargon Z/ (争端解决)专家组 panel / (各州 推选组成的)总统选举团 electoral college / (股票的)中签 win the lot for IPO/ (股票的) 中签率 lot winning rate / 糟粕 dross / 涨落线 advance balance line / 早恋 puppy love / 早市 morning session / 招商 引资 attract/bid for/invite investments (from overseas) / 责任 编辑 editor in charge/ 招商局 China Merchants Steam Navigation Co. Ltd. (China Merchants) / 招生 就业指导办公室 enrolment and vocation guidance office / 招标 invite a bid / 招标投标制 the system of public bidding for project / 招财进宝 Money and treasures will be plentiful/ 招股说明书 prospectus / 噪声治理 noise abatement/ 造林运动 afforestation drive (campaign)/ 造假帐 falsified accounts / 振兴中华 make China powerful and strong; revitalize the Chinese nation/ 振兴经济 revitalize the economy/ 在途资金 fund in float/ 在线(计算机) on-line/ 在线网上书店 online bookstore/ 争 议地区 disputed area/ 折衷方案 a compromise proposal/ 在职研究生 on-job postgraduates/ 在职博士生 on-job doctorate / 再贷款 re-lending; subloan / 争端解决机构 dispute settlement body / 在孵(孵 化器)企业 incubated enterprises (incubator) / 折旧费 depreciation charge/ 再就业服务中心

re-employment service center / 再 就业工程 re-employment project / program/ 在字面上兜圈子 festoons of words/ 正式照会 formal note / 正气 uprightness; integrity; probity; rectitude/ 渣打银 行 The Chartered Bank/ 掌上电脑 palm computer / 真善美 the true, the good and the beautiful; truth, good and beauty / 珍稀濒危植物 rare or endangered species/ 珍爱 之人或物 apple of one's eyes / 真 空包装 vacuum packing / 灾民 flood victims; flood-stricken people/ 增强人民体质 build up people's health/ 增值税 value added tax(VAT)/ 增发股票 increase issues in stocks / 增加信任,减少麻 烦,发展合作,不搞对抗 enhance trust, reduce trouble, develop cooperation and avoid confrontation/ 斋月(伊斯兰教) Ramadan/ month of fast/ 债台高筑 become debt-ridden/ 债转股 debt-to-equity swap / 沾光 benefit from one's association / 占便宜 profit at others' expense/ 占着茅坑 不拉屎 be a dog in the manger/ 战 略防御计划 Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI)/ 战略伙伴关系 strategic partnership / 战俘 prisoner of war (POW)/ 战俘营 prisoner-of-war (POW) camp/ 战斧 式巡航导弹 Tomahawk cruise missile/ 站台票 platform ticket / 站 票 standing-room-only ticket / 站得 住脚 hold water/ 宰人 rip off / 宰 (客) to swindle money out of our customers / 载人卫星 manned satellite/ 政务公开 make government affairs public / 政企不 分 without a clear line between the functions of the government and enterprises; the functions of the government and enterprises mixed up / 政企分开 separate government functions from enterprise management / 政治协 商、民主监督、参政议政 exercise political consultation and democratic supervision and participate in deliberating and administration of state affairs / 政治 体制改革 political restructuring/ 政 治迫害 political prosecution; witch hunt / 政治合格,军事过硬,作风优 良, 纪律严明,保障有力 "be qualified politically and competent militarily, have a fine style of work, maintain strict discipline and be assured of adequate logistical support" / 政策性贷款 policy-based lending; policy-related
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loan/ 政策性亏损 policy-related losses; losses incurred due to policy decisions/ 政策性住房 "policy-related house, policy-based house" / 政策银行 policy banks/ 政策组合 policy mix/ 政法委 politics and law committee / 政改方 案(英国对香港) constitutional package/ 政府廉洁高效 a clean and efficient government/ 政府上网 工程 Government Online Project / 政府贴息贷款 discount government loans/ 政府特殊津贴获 得者 winner of special government allowance/ 政府职能转变 transform/shift the government functions / 政府采购 government procurement / 政府搭台, 部门推动, 企业唱戏 "Governments set up the stage, various departments cooperate and enterprise put in the show. " / 政府干预 government intervention/ 赃款赃物 proceeds of crime/ 致命要害 Achilles' heel / 掷 钱猜先 toss / 智力引进 recruit / introduce (foreign) talents/ 智力支 持 intellectual support/ 智商 intelligence quotient (IQ)/ 智囊团、 思想库 the brain trust;think tank / 中美战略核武器互不瞄准对方 non-targeting strategic nuclear weapons against each other/ 中立 国 neutralized state/ 中流砥柱 mainstay; chief cornerstone/ 中型 商用飞机 mid-size G200 business jets / 中心环节 key link/ 中日友好 四项原则: 和平友好,平等互利,互相 信赖,长期稳定 The four principles of Sino-Japanese friendship: peace and friendship, equality and mutual benefit, mutual trust, and long-term stability/ 中式快餐 Chinese fast food/ 中山装 Chinese tunic suit/ 中文信息处理系统 Chinese information processing system/ 中 央领导集体 central collective leadership/ 中央商务区 central business district (CBD) / 中央统战 部 United Front Work Department of CPC Central Committee / 中央 大型企业工委 Central Work Committee for Large Enterprises / 中央国家机关 China's State organs / 中央纪律检查委员会 Central Commission for Discipline Inspection of the CPC / 中央经济工 作会议 the Central Economic Working Conference / 中央综治委 “严打”整治斗争检查组 Strike-hard Campaign Inspection Group of Central Committee for Comprehensive Management of Public Security. / 中药 traditional


Chinese medicine/ 中程导弹 intermediate-range missile; medium-range missile/ 中东和平进 程 the Middle East peace process/ 中国新闻出版报社 China Press and Publication News / 中国新经济 峰会 China New Economy Summit / 中国预防医学科学院 the Chinese Academy of Preventive Medicine/ 中国证监会 China's Securities Regulatory Commission / 中国出口 商品交易会(广交会) China Export Commodities Fair (Guangzhou Fair)/ 中国工程院 the Chinese Academy of Engineering/ 中国结 Chinese knot/ 中国经济景气监测中 心 China Economic Monitoring Center / 中关村科技园区 Zhongguancun Science and Technology Park / 中华世纪坛 China Millennium Monument / 中华 人民共和国渔政渔港监督管理局 Administration of Fishery and Fishing Harbor Supervision of the PRC / 中华医学会 Chinese Medical Association / 中介 intermediary agent / 中专生 secondary specialized or technical school student / 质量认证体系认证 证书 certificate of the system of quality certification / 质量守恒定律 law of conservation of mass/ 质量 管理 quality control/ 珠穆朗玛峰 Mount Qomolangma/ 治理整顿 improve the environment and rectify the order; improvement and rectification/ 滞销商品 unmarketable goods/ 滞后影响 lagged effect/ 终身职务制 life-long tenure/ 终审权 right of adjudication; right of giving final approval/ 终点 控制区 terminal control area/ 终端 服务器 terminal server/ 众矢之的 target of public criticism/ 助跑 "approach run, run-up" / 众口难调 It is difficult to cater to all tastes.; One man's meat is another man's poison. / 制止外汇流失 prevent foreign exchange flight/ 制海权 command of the sea/ 制空权 air space control; air supremacy; command of the air; air mastery; air domination/ 种植业 crop farming/ 证券营业部 stock exchange; security exchange / 证券化 securitisation / 证券监督管理委员 会 securities supervision commission/ 支原体 mycoplasma / 支柱产业 pillar / cornerstone industry/ 支付能力 payment capacity/ 知识密集 knowledge-intensive/ 知识产权 intellectual property / 知识就是力量

Knowledge is power./ 知识经济 knowledge-based economy/ 知识 经济 knowledge economy , knowledge-base economy / 知识转 让 transfer of knowledge/ 知己知 彼,百战不殆 Know the enemy and know yourself, and you can fight a hundred battles with no danger of defeat./ 职务犯罪 crime by taking advantage of duty / 职业培训 job training/ 职业高中(职高) vocational high school / 职业介绍 所 career service center; job center/ 职业经理人 professional manager / 职能转换 transformation of functions/ 职称 professional title / 直销 direct marketing; door-to-door sale/ 直辖 市 municipality directly under the Central Government / 直播 "live broadcast, live telecast" / 直接三通 与双向交流 three direct links (mail, air and shipping services and trade) and bilateral exchanges/ 直接选举 direct election/ 植物人 human vegetable; vegetable / 植物群落 plant community/ 执法人员 law enforcement officials; law-executor; law enforcer/ 只读存储器 read-only-memory (ROM)/ 纸上谈 兵 be an armchair strategist/ 纸包 不住火 Truth will come to light sooner or later./ 重点发展 prioritize / 重合同,守信用 abide by contracts and keep one's words/ 重合同、守 信用的原则 the principle of equality and mutual benefit and “honoring contracts adn standing by reputation“/ 洲际弹道导弹 intercontinental ballistic missiles / 主渠道 main channel/ 主体思想 (DPRK) Juche Idea / 主体经济 the mainstay of the economy / 主页 home page/ 主板市场 main board of the stock market / 主持人 anchorperson / 《中美三个联合公 报》 The Three Sino-US Joint Communiqué / 《中华人民共和国消 费者权益保护法》 Law of the People's Republic of China on the Protection of Consumers' Rights and Interests / 《资治通鉴》 History as a Mirror / (美国)中下层南方共 和党人 pickup-truck Republican / (农产品)综合支持量 AMS (Aggregate Measurement of Support) / 藏学 Tibetology / 朝阳 产业 sunrise industry / 组委会 organizing committee/ 资源优化配 置 most optimum distribution of resources/ 资源配置 the distribution (allocation) of resources / 资本利润率 rate of return on
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capital / 资本外逃 capital flight/ 资 本额过多 overcapalisation / 资产重 组 reorganized assets; assets reorganization/ 资产剥离 peel off (bad) assets of a company / 资产保 值增值 maintain and increase the value of assets; maintenance and appreciation of assets value / 资产 调控 assets control / 资产负债表 balance sheet / 资产阶级自由化 bourgeois liberalization / 资不抵债 insolvency/ 资金到位 fully funded (project)/ 资金汇划 fund remittance and transfer / 资金划拨 capital allocation / 最终用户 end user/ 最不发达国家 LDCs (Least-developed countries) / 最初 谈判权(初谈权) INRs (Initial Negotiating Rights) / 最低生活保证 制度 system for ensuring a minimum standard of living/ 最低工 资保障制度 minimum wage guarantee system/ 最惠国待遇 most-favored-nation status/ 遵纪守 法、廉洁奉公 observe the relevant code of conduct and the law and honestly perform one's official duties / 自律机制 the self-discipline system / 左倾 pinko / 自然保护区 natural reserve; nature preservation zone / 自然耗 损 natural wearing / 自然资源保护 区 natural resource protection areas/ 自我保护意识 self-protection awareness / 自学成 才 become well-educated through self-study/ 自学考试 self-taught examination / 自由贸易区 free-trade zone/ 自由流通 free flow/ 自由职业者 professionals/ 自 由港 free-trade port,free port / 自 由竞争 free competition/ 左右为难 between the devil and the deep blue sea; between the rock and the hard place/ 自营 self-run / 自营性 存款 self-operating deposit / 自治 权 right ti autonomy; autonomy/ 自 助银行 self-help bank / 自主经营, 自负盈亏 make one's own management decisions and take full responsibility for one's own profits and losses/ 自动柜员机 automatic teller machine (ATM) / 自费留学 go to study abroad at one's own expense / 自发罢工,野 猫式罢工(未经工会批准的罢工) wildcat strikes / 自足经济 self-sufficient economy/ 自作自受 stew in one?s own juice / 综合授信 comprehensive credit line / 综合整 治 comprehensive improvement/ 综合业务数字网 integrated service digital network (ISDN) / 综合治理


comprehensive treatment / 综合指 数 composite index / 综合国力 comprehensive national strength / 综合经济效益 overall economic efficiency; composite economic results/ 总裁助理 assistant president / 总经理负责制 general manager responsibility system / 祖 传 handed down from one's ancestors/ 祖国和平统一大业 peaceful reunification of the motherland/ 住宅小区 residence community / 住房零首付 zero-yuan first payment (for apartments) / 住房分配货币化进程 capitalization process of housing distribution/allocation / 注册会计师 certificated public accountant (CPA)/ 注册资本 registered capital/ 驻港部队 People's Liberation Army garrison in Hong Kong / 抓大放小 to invigorate large enterprises while relaxing control over small ones; focus on the restructuring of major enterprises and leave minor ones to fend for themselves / 抓大放小, 三改一加强 (Efforts were focused on) the reform, reorganization, upgrading and better management of enterprises, aiming at well managing large enterprises while adopting more flexible policies toward small ones/ 抓住机遇 seize the opportunity / 抓住机遇,深化改 革,扩大开放,促进发展,保持稳定 seize the current opportunity, deepen the reform, open China wider to the outside world, promote development and maintain stability/ 专卖店 exclusive agency; franchised store / 专门人才 professional personnel; special talents/ 专门的营销机构 market boards / 专属经济区 exclusive economic zone/ 专升本 upgrade from junior college student to university student; students with the diploma of junior college try to obtain the undergraduate diplomat through self-taught study / 专题报 道 special coverage/ 专业化分工 division of labor based on specialization/ 专业化经营 specialized operation/ 专访 exclusive interview/ 转世灵童 reincarnated soul boy/ 转体 truck rotation, turn, twist / 转业 transferred to civilian work/ 转轨 transfer to a different track; retracking/ 转轨经济 economies in transition; transition economy/ 转基 因生物 GMOs (Genetically

Modified Organisms) / 转基因食品 GM food (genetically modified food) / 转化机制 (of State-owned enterprises) to shift to new management mechanisms / 撞线 breast the tape / 追星族 star fan; groupie/ 追平 produce the equalizer / 追潮族 fashion follower/ 追车族 auto fan/ 追赶型 和跨越式发展 pursuant and leap-forward development / 追究责 任 call to account; ascertain where the responsibility lies / 准上市公司 pro-listed companies / 准备金 reserve fund; capital reserves/ 准 博士 all but dissertation (ABD) / 走 上良性发展的轨道 going on the track of sound progress / 走穴 "(actors, singers, etc.) perform for outside salary income without approval by the unit they belong to " / 走过场 go through the motions/ 走后门 get in by the back door 1 Do I have to make a reconfirmation? 我还要再确认吗? 2 Is there any earlier one? 还有更早一点的吗? 3 Could you tell me my reservation number, please???????? 请你告诉我我的预订号码好吗? 4 Can I get a seat for todays 7:00 a.m. train? 我可以买到今天上午 7 点的火车座 位吗? 5 Could you change my flight date from London to Tokyo? 请你更改一下从伦敦到东京的班机 日期好吗? 6 Is there any discount for the USA Railpass? 火车通行证有折扣吗? 7 May I reconfirm my flight? 我可以确认我的班机吗? 8 Are they all non-reserved seats? 他们全部不预订的吗? 9 Do I have to reserve a seat? 我一定要预订座位吗? 10 May I see a timetable?? 我可以看时刻表吗? 11 How long will I have to wait? 我要等多久呢? 12 Which would you prefer, a smoking seat or a non-smoking seat? 你喜欢哪种, 吸烟座还是禁烟座呢? 13 Do you have any other flights? 14 When would you like to leave? 15 Can I reconfirm by phone? 我能电话确认吗? 16 Where can I make a reservation? 我到哪里可以预订?
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17 Do I need a reservation for the dining car? 我需要预订餐车吗? 18 How many more minutes will it take for the train to arrive??? 火车还要多少分钟就要到达呢? 19 Is this a daily flight?????? 这是每日航班吗? 20 Excuse me. May I get by? 对不起,我可以上车吗? 21 How much does it cost to go there by ship? 坐船到那里要花多少钱? 22 Can I cancel this ticket? 我可以取消这票吗? 23 Check it to my final destination 把它托运到我的目的地。 24 Please come to the airport by eight thirty at the latest.??? 最迟要在 8 点 30 分到达机场。 25 Take your baggage to the baggage section. 把你的行李拿到行李房去。 26 Please open your baggage. 请把你行李打开。 27 Please fill in this disembarkation card. 请你填写这张入境卡。 28 Let me see your passport, please. 29 I have come to make sure that your stay in Beijing is a pleasant one. 我特地为你们安排使你们在北京的 逗留愉快。 30 Youre going out of your way for us, I believe. 我相信这是对我们的特殊照顾了。 31 Its just the matter of the schedule, that is, if it is convenient of you right now. 如果你们感到方便的话, 我想现在讨 论一下日程安排的问题。 32 I think we can draw up a tentative plan now. 我认为现在可以先草拟一具临时方 案。 33 If he wants to make any changes, minor alternations can be made then. 如果他有什幺意见, 我们还可以对计 划稍加修改。 34 Is there any way of ensuring well have enough time for our talks? 我们是否能保证有充足的时间来谈 判? 35 So our evenings will be quite full then? 那幺我们的活动在晚上也安排满了 吗? 36 Well leave some evenings free, that is, if it is all right with you. 如果你们愿意, 我们想留几晚供你们


自由支配。 37 Wed have to compare notes on what weve discussed during the day. 我们想用点时间来研究讨论一下白 天谈判的情况。 38 Thatll put us both in the picture. 这样双方都能了解全面的情况。 39 Then wed have some idea of what youll be needing. 那我们会心中有数, 知道你们需要什 幺了。 40 I cant say for certain off-hand. 我还不能马上说定。 41 Better have something we can get our hands on rather than just spend all our time talking. 有些实际材料拿到手总比坐着闲聊 强。 42 Itll be easier for us to get down to facts then. 这样就容易进行实质性的谈判了。 43 But wouldnt you like to spend an extra day or two here??????? 你们不愿意在北京多待一天吗? 44 Im afraid that wont be possible, much as wed like to. 尽管我们很想这样做,但恐怕不行 了。 45 Weve got to report back to the head office. 我们还要回去向总部汇报情况呢。 46 Thank you for you cooperation. 47 Weve arranged our schedule without any trouble.? 我们已经很顺利地把活动日程安排 好了。 48 Here is a copy of itinerary we have worked out for you and your friends. Would you please have a look at it? 这是我们为你和你的朋友拟定的活 动日程安排。请过目一下,好吗? 49 If you have any questions on the details, feel free to ask. 如果对某些细节有意见的话, 请提出 来。 50 I can see you have put a lot of time into it. 我相信你在制定这个计划上一定花 了不少精力吧。 51 We really wish youll have a pleasant stay here.????? 我们真诚地希望你们在这里过得愉 快。 52 I wonder if it is possible to arrange shopping for us. 53 Welcome to our factory. 54 Ive been looking forward to visiting your factory.????????????? 我一直都盼望着参观贵厂。

55 Youll know our products better after this visit. 56 Maybe we could start with the Designing Department. 也许我们可以先参观一下设计部门。 57 Then we could look at the production line. 58 These drawings on the wall are process sheets.????????????? 墙上的图表是工艺流程表。 59 They describe how each process goes on to the next.???????? 表述着每道工艺间的衔接情况。 60 We are running on two shifts. 我们实行的工作是两班倒。 61 Almost every process is computerized. 几乎每一道工艺都是由电脑控制的。 62 The efficiency is greatly raised, and the intensity of labor is decreased. 工作效率大大地提高了, 而劳动强度 却降低了。 63 All products have to go through five checks in the whole process. 所有产品在整个生产过程中得通过 五道质检关。 64 We believe that the quality is the soul of an enterprise.???? 我们认为质量是一个企业的灵魂。 65 Therefore, we always put quality as the first consideration. 因而,我们总是把质量放在第一位。 66 Quality is even more important than quantity. 67 I hope my visit does not cause you too much trouble. 我希望这次参观没给你们增添太多 的麻烦。 68 Do we have to wear the helmets? 我们得戴上防护帽吗? 69 Is the production line fully automatic? 生产线是全自动的吗? 70 What kind of quality control do you have? 你们用什幺办法来控制质量呢? 71 All products have to pass strict inspection before they go out. 所有产品出厂前必须要经过严格检 查。 72 Whats your general impression, may I ask? 73 Im impressed by your approach to business. 你们经营业务的方法给我留下了很 深的印象。 74 The product gives you an edge over your competitors, I guess. 我认为你们的产品可以使你们胜过 竞争对手。
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75 No one can match us so far as quality is concerned. 就质量而言, 没有任何厂家能和我们 相比。 76 I think we may be able to work together in the future.???????????? 我想也许将来我们可以合作。 77 We are thinking of expanding into the Chinese market.? 我们想把生意扩大到中国市场。 78 The purpose of my coming here is to inquire about possibilities of establishing trade relations with your company. 我此行的目的正是想探询与贵公司 建立贸易关系的可能性。 79 We would be glad to start business with you. 我们很高兴能与贵公司建立贸易往 来。 80 Id appreciate your kind consideration in the coming negotiation.???? 洽谈中请你们多加关照。 81 We are happy to be of help. 我们很乐意帮忙。 82 I can assure you of our close cooperation. 我保证通力合作。 83 Would it be possible for me to have a closer look at your samples? 可以让我参观一下你们的产品陈列 室吗? 84 It will take me several hours if I really look at everything. 如果全部参观的话, 那需要好几个小 时。 85 You may be interested in only some of the items.?????????????? 你也许对某些产品感兴趣。 86 I can just have a glance at the rest. 剩下的部分我粗略地看一下就可以 了。 87 Theyve met with great favor home and abroad.???? 这些产品在国内外很受欢迎。 88 All these articles are best selling lines. 所有这些产品都是我们的畅销货。 89 Your desire coincides with ours. 我们双方的愿望都是一致的。 90 No wonder youre so experienced. 怪不得你这幺有经验。 91 Textile business has become more and more difficult since the competition grew. 随着竞争的加剧, 纺织品贸易越来越 难做了。


92 Could I have your latest catalogues or something that tells me about your company? 可以给我一些贵公司最近的商品价 格目录表或者一些有关说明资料 吗? 93 At what time can we work out a deal? 我们什幺时候洽谈生意? 94 I hope to conclude some business with you. 我希望能与贵公司建立贸易关系。 95 We also hope to expand our business with you.???????? 我们也希望与贵公司扩大贸易往来。 96 This is our common desire. 这是我们的共同愿望。 97 I think you probably know China has adopted a flexible policy in her foreign trade. 我想你也许已经了解到中国在对外 贸易中采取了灵活的政策。 98 Ive read about it, but Id like to know more about it. 我已经知道了一点儿, 但我还想多了 解一些。 99 Seeing is believing.???????? 百闻不如一见。 100 How would you like to proceed with the negotiations? 你认为该怎样来进行这次谈判呢?? 商务英语单词 字体大小: | 中 | 小 2007-07-17 大 16:58 - 阅读:3018 - 评论:2 a accepted 承兑 AA Auditing Administration (中国) 审计署 AAA 最佳等级 abs. abstract 摘要 a/c, A/C account 帐户、帐目 a/c, A/C account current 往来帐户、 活期存款帐户 A&C addenda and corrigenda 补遗 和勘误 Acc. acceptance or accepted 承兑 Accrd.Int accrued interest 应计利 息 Acct. account 帐户、帐目 Acct. accountant 会计师、会计员 Acct. accounting 会计、会计学 Acct.No. account number 帐 户 编 号、帐号 Acct.Tit. account title 帐户名称、会 计科目 ACN air consignment 航空托运单 a/c no. account number 帐户编号、 帐号 Acpt. acceptance or accepted 承兑 A/CS Pay. accounts payable 应付 帐款 A/CS Rec. accounts receivable 应 收帐款

ACT advance corporation tax 预扣 公司税 ACU Asia Currency Unit 亚洲货币 单位 A.C.V actual cash value 实际现金 价值 a.d., a/d after date 开票后、出票后 ADRS asset depreciation range system 固定资产分组折旧法 Adv. advance 预付款 ad.val.,A/V ad valorem to (according value) 从价 Agt. agent 代理人 Agt. agreement 协议、契约 AJE adjusting journal entries 调整 分录 Amt. amount 金额、总数 Ann. annuity 年金 A/P account paid 已付账款 A/P account payable 应付帐款 A/P accounting period 会计期间 A/P advise and pay 付款通知 A/R account receivable 应收帐款 A/R at the rate of 以??比例 a/r all risks (保险)全险 Arr. arrivals, arrived 到货、到船 A/S, a/s after sight 见票即付 A/S,acc/s account sales 承销帐、 承销清单,售货清单 ASAP as soon as possible 尽快 ASR acceptance summary report 验收总结报告 ass. assessment 估征、征税 assimt. assignment 转让、让与 ATC average total cost 平均总成本 ATM at the money 仅付成本钱 ATM Automatic Teller Machine 自 动取款机(柜员机) ATS automated trade system 自动 交易系统 ATS automatic transfer service 自 动转移服务 Attn. attention 注意 Atty. attorney 代理人 auct. auction 拍卖 Aud. auditor 审计员、审计师 Av. average 平均值 a.w. all wool 纯羊毛 A/W air waybill 空运提单 A/W actual weight 实际重量

zero20040818 2005-12-07 19:16 BA bank acceptance 银行承兑汇票 bal. balance 余额、差额 banky. bankruptcy 破产、倒闭 Bat battery 电池 b.b. bearer bond 不记名债券 B.B., B/B bill book 出纳簿 B/B bill bought 买入票据、买入汇票 b&b bed & breakfast 住宿费和早餐 费 b.c. blind copy 密送的副本
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BC buyer credit 买方信贷 B/C bills for collection 托收汇票 B.C. bank clearing 银行清算 b/d brought down 转下页 Bd. bond 债券 B/D bills discounted 已贴现票据 B/D bank draft 银行汇票 b.d.i. both dates inclusive, both days inclusive 包括头尾两天 B/E bill of entry 报关单 b.e., B/E bill of exchange 汇票 BEP breakeven point 保本点、盈亏 临界点 b/f brought forward 承前 BF bonded factory 保税工厂 Bfcy. Beneficiary 受益人 B/G, b/g bonded goods 保税货物 BHC Bank Holding Company 银行 控股公司 BIS Bank of International Settlements 国际清算银行 bit binary digit 两位数 Bk. bank 银行 Bk. book 帐册 b.l., B/L bill of lading 提货单 B/L original bill of lading original 提 货单正本 bldg. building 大厦 BMP bank master policy 银行统一 保险 BN bank note 钞票 BO branch office 分支营业处 BO buyer’ option 买者选择交割期 s 的远期合同 BOM beginning of month 月初 b.o.m. bill of materials 用料清单 BOO build-operate-own 建造—运 营—拥有 BOOM build-operate-own-maintain 建造—运营—拥有—维护 BOOT build-operate-own- transfer 建造—运营—拥有—转让 b.o.p. balance of payments 收支差 额 BOT balance of trade 贸易余额 BOY beginning of year 年初 b.p., B/P bills payable 应付票据 Br. branch 分支机构 BR bank rate 银行贴现率 b.r., B/R bills receivable 应收票据 Brok. broker or brokerage 经纪人 或经纪人佣金 b.s., BS, B/S balance sheet 资产负 债表 B/S bill of sales 卖据、出货单 B share B share B 股 B.T.T. bank telegraphic transfer 银 行电汇 BV book value 票面价值

zero20040818 2005-12-07 19:17 c. cents 分


C cash; coupon; currency 现金、息 票、通货 C centigrade 摄氏(温度) C. A. chartered accountant; chief accountant 特许会计师、主任(主 管)会计师 C. A. commercial agent 商业代理、 代理商 C. A. consumers’ association 消 费者协会 C/A capital account 资本帐户 C/A current account 往来帐 C/A current assets 流动资产 C. A. D cash against documnet 交 单付款 can. cancelled 注销 cap. capital 资本 CAPM capital asset pricing model 固定资产计价模式 C. A. S. cost accounting standards 成本会计标准 c. b., C. B. cash book 现金簿 CBD cash before delivery 先付款 后交货 C. C. cashier’s check 银行本票 C. C contra credit 贷方对销 c/d carried down 过次页、结转下期 CD certificate of deposit 存单 c/f carry forward 过次页、结转 CG capital gain 资本利得 CG capital goods 生产资料、 资本货 物 C. H. custom house 海关 C. H. clearing house 票据交换所 Chgs charges 费用 Chq. cheque 支票 C/I certificate of insurance 保险凭 证 CIA certified internal auditor 注册内 部审计员 c. i. f. , C. I. F. cost, insurance and freight 到岸价,货价+保险+运费 C. I. T. comprehensive income tax 综合所得税 Ck. check 支票 C. L. call loan 短期拆放 C / L current liabilities 流动负债 C. M. A. certificed management accountant 注册管理会计师 CMEA, Comecon Council for Mutual Economic Assistance 经济 互助委员会 CML capital market line 资本市场 线性 CMO Collateralised Mortgage Obligations 担保抵押贷款债务 CMV current market value 现时市 场价值 CN consignment note 铁路运单 CN credit note 贷方通知书 c/o carried over 结转后期 C. O., C/O cash order 现金汇票、 现 金订货

C. O. certificate of origin 产地证明 书 Co. company 公司 COBOL Common Business Oriented Language 通用商业语言 CoCom Coordinating Committee for Multilateral Export Controls 多 边出口控制协调委员会 c. o. d, C. O. D. cash on delivery 货 到付款 Col. column 帐栏 Coll. collateral 担保、抵押物 Coll. collection 托收 Com.; comm. commission 佣金 cont. container 集装箱 cont., contr. contract 契约、合同 conv., cv., cvt. convertible 可转换 的、可兑换的 Cor. corpus 本金 Cor. correspodent 代理行 Corp. corporation 公司 CP. commercial paper 商业票据 C. P. A certified Public Accountant 注册公共会计师 CPB China Patent Bureau 中国专 利局 CPI consumer price index 消费者 价格指数 CPM cost per thousand 每一千个 为单位的成本 CPP current purchasing power 现 行购买力 Cps. coupons 息票 CPT carriage paid to 运费付至...... C/R company’s risk 企业风险 Cr. credit 贷记、贷方 CR carrier’s risk 承运人风险 CR current rate 当日汇率、现行汇 率 CR cash receipts 现金收入 CR class rate 分级运费率 CS civil servant; civil service 公务 员、文职机关 CS convertible securities 可转换证 券 C. S. capital stock 股本 CSI customer satisfaction index 顾 客满意指数 csk. cask 木桶 CT corporate treasurer 公司财务主 管 CT cable transfer 电汇 ct crate 板条箱 ctge cartage 货运费、搬运费、车费 Cts. cents 分 CTT capital transfer tax 资本转移 税 cu cubic 立方 CU customs unions 关税联盟 cu. cm. cubic centimeter 立方厘米 cu. in. cubic inch 立方英寸 cu. m. cubic meter 立方米 cu. yd. cubic yard 立方码
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cum. pref. cumulative preference (share) 累积优先(股) cur. curr. current 本月、当月 CV convertible security 可转换债券 CVD countervailing duties 抵消关 税、反倾销税 C.V. P. analysis Cost Volume Profit analysis 本---量---利分析 C. W. O. cash with order 订货付款 Cy. currency 货币 CY calendar year 日历年 CY container 整装货柜 CY container yard 货柜堆场、货柜 集散场

zero20040818 2005-12-07 19:17 D degree; draft 度、汇票 D/A deposit account 存款帐户 D/A document against acceptance 承兑交单 d/a days after acceptance 承 兑 后......日(付款) D. A. debit advice 欠款报单 D. B day book 日记帐、流水帐 DB method declining balance (depreciation) method 递减余额折 旧法 D. C. F. method discounted cash flow method 现金流量贴现法 D/D documentary draft 跟单汇票 D. D.; D/D demand draft 即期汇票 D/d; d/d days after date 出票后...... 日(付款) d. d. dry dock 干船坞 DDB method double declining balance (depreciation) method 双 倍递减余额折旧法 D. D. D deadline delivery date 交易 最后日期 def. deficit 赤字、亏损 dem. demurrage 滞期费 Depr. depreciation 折旧 d. f; D. F.; d. frt. dead freight 空舱费 D. G dangerous goods 危险货物 diff. difference 差额 Dis. discount 折扣、贴现 dish’d; dishd dishonored 不名誉、 拒付 D. I. T double income-tax(relief) 双 重所得税(免征) div.; divd dividend 红利、股息 D-J Dow Jones & Co. 美国道—琼 斯公司 DJIA Dow Jones Industrial Average (Stock Index) 道—琼斯工业股票指 数 DJTA Dow Jones Transportation Average 道—琼斯运输平均数 DJUA Dow Jones Utility Average 道—琼斯公用事业平均数 DK Don’t know 不知道 DL direct loan 直接贷款


DL discretionary limit 无条件限制 DLD deadline date 最后时限 Dls. ; Dol(s); Doll(s) dollars 元 DM Deutsche Mark; D-mark; Deutschmark; 德国马克 DMCs developing member countries 发展中国家 DN date number 日期号 DN; D/N debit note 借记通知单 DNR do not reduce 不减少 do.; dto. ditto 同上、同前 D/O delivery order 发货单 Doc(s) documents 凭证、单据、文 件 doc. att. documents attached 附单 据、附件 Doc. code document code 凭证 (单 据)编号 D. O. G. days of grace 宽限日数 DOR date of request 要求日 DP; D/P document against payment 交单付款 DPI disposable personal income 个人可支配收入 DPOB date and place of birth 出生 时间和地点 DPP damp proofing 防潮的 Dr. debit 借记、借方 D. R.; DR discount rate 贴现率、折 扣率 Dr debtor 债务人 DR deposit receipt 存单、存款收据 dr. drawer 借方 DS; d/s days after sight(days ’ sight) 见票后.......日(付款) ds.; d’s days 日 dstn. destination 日的地(港) DTC Deposit taking company 接受 存款公司 DTC Deposit Trust Company 储蓄 信托公司 dup.; dupl.; dupte. duplicate 副本 DVP delivery versus payment 付款 交货 dy.; d/y day; delivery 日、交货 dz dozen 一打

zero20040818 2005-12-07 19:18 E. exchange; export 交易所、输出 E. & O. E. errors and omissions excepted 如有错漏,可加更正 e.a.o.n. except as otherwise noted 除非另有说明 EAT earnings after tax 税后收益 EB ex budgetary 预算外 EBIT earnings before interest and tax 扣除利息和税金前收益 EBS Electronic Broking Service 电 子经纪服务系统 EBT earning before taxation 税前 盈利 EC European Community;

European Commission 欧 洲 共 同 体、欧洲委员会 EC export credit 出口信贷 EC error corrected 错误更正 Ec. exempli causa 例如 Ec. ex coupon 无息票 ECA export credit agency 出口信贷 机构 ECAFE Economic Commission for Asia and the Far East 亚洲及远东 经济委员会 ECE Economic Commission for Europe 欧洲经济委员会 ECG Export Credit Guarantee 出口 信用担保 ECI export credit insurance 出口信 用保险 ECR export credit refinancing 出口 信贷再融资 ECT estimated completion time 估 计竣工时间 ECU European Currency Unit 欧洲 货币单位 E/D export declaration 出口申报单 ED ex dividend 无红利、 除息、 股利 除外 EDD estimated delivery date 预计 交割日 EDI electronic data interchange 电 子数据交换 EDOC effective date of change 有 效更改日期 EDP Electronic Data Processing 电 子数据自理 E. E.; e.e errors excepted 如有错 误,可加更正 EERI Effective Exchange Rate Indexes of Hong Kong 港汇指数 EET East European Time 东欧时间 EF export finance 出口融资 EF Exchange Fund 外汇基金 EFT electronic funds transfer 电子 资金转帐 EFTA European Free Trade Area (Association) 欧洲自由贸易区(协 会) EGM Extraordinary Genaral Meeting 特别股东大会 EIB Export-Import Bank 进出口银 行 EIL WB Economic Integration Loan 世界银行经济一体化贷款 EL export license 出口许可证 ELI extra low impurity 极少杂质 EMF European Monetary Fund 欧 洲货币基金 EMIP equivalent mean investment period 等值平均投资期 EMP end-of month payment 月末 付款 EMP European main ports 欧洲主 要港口 EMS European Monetary System
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欧洲货币体系 EMS express mail service 邮政特 快专递 EMU European Monetary Union 欧 洲货币联盟 enc enclosed 停业 encl(s). enclosure 附件 encd. enclosed 附件 End. ; end. endorsement 背书 Entd. entered 登记人 EOA effective on or about 大 约 在.......生效 EOD every other day 每隔一日 EOE European Options Exchange 欧洲期权交易 EOM end of month 月底 EOQ economic order quantity 最底 订货量 EOS end of season 季末 EOU export-oriented unit 出口型单 位 EOY end of year 年终 EPD earliest possible date 最早可 能日期 EPN export promissory note 出口 汇票 EPOS electronic point of sale 电子 销售点 EPR earnings price ratio 收益价格 比率 EPR effective protection rate 有效 保护率 EPS earnings per share 每股收益 额、每股盈利额 E. P. T excess profit tax 超额利润 税 EPVI excess present value index 超现值指数 EPZ export processing zone 出口 加工区 ERM exchange rate mechanism 汇 率机制 ERS Export Refinance Scheme 出 口再融资计划 ESOP Employee Stock Ownership Plan 职工持股计划 Est. estate 财产、遗产 EST Eastern Standard Time 美国 东部标准时间 et seq. et sequents 以下 ETA estimated time of arrival 预计 到达时间 ETD estimated tiem of departure 预计出发时间 ETDZ Economic and Technological Development Zone 经济技术开发 区 ETLT equal to or less than 等于或 少于 ETS estimated time of sailing 预计 启航时间 EU European Union 欧盟 EUA European Units of Account 欧


洲记帐单位 ex.; exch exchange 汇兑、况换 excl. exclusive 另外、不在内 ex cont. from contract 从合同 ex cp. ex coupon 无息票 ex div. ex dividend 无股息 Exp. export 出口 Extd. extend 展期 EXW ex works 工厂交货价

zero20040818 2005-12-07 19:18 f feet 英尺 F dealt in flat 无息交易的 f. following (page) 接下页 f. fairs 定期集市 F. A. face amount 票面金额 F. A. fixed assets 固定资产 F. A freight agent 货运代理行 FA free alongside 启运港船边交货 FABB Fellow of the British Association of Accountants and Auditors 英国会计师和审计师协会 会员 FAC facility 设施、设备 f.a.c. fast as can 尽快 FACT factor analysis chart technique 因素分析图解法 fad. free delivery (discharge, dispatch) 免费送货 F. A. F. free at factory 工厂交货 FAIA Fellow of the Association of International Accountants 国际会计 协会会员 F. A. Q fair average quality (货品) 中等平均质量 F. A. S. free alongside ship 发运地 船边交货价 FASB Financial Accounting Standards Boards 财务会计标准委 员会 FAT fixed asset transfer 固定资产 转移 FAT factory acceptance test 工厂验 收试验 FB foreign bank 外国银行 F. B. E. foreign bill of exchange 外 国汇票 F. C. fixed capital 固定资本 F. C. fixed charges 固定费用 F. C. future contract 远期合同 fc. franc 法郎 FCA Fellow of the Institute of Chartered Accountants 特许会计师 学会会员 FCG foreign currency guarantee 外币担保 FCL full container load 整货柜装载 FCL/LCL full container load/less (than)full container load 整装/分卸 FCR forwarder’s cargo receipt 货 运代理行收据 FCT forwarding agent’s certificate

of transport 货运代理行领货证 fd. fund 资金 FDB method fixed rate on declining balance method 定率递减余额折旧 法 FDI foreign direct investment 外商 直接投资 FDIC Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation 联邦储蓄保险公司 FE foreign exchange 外汇 FE future exchange 远期外汇 FF French franc 法国法郎 fib free into barge 驳船上的交货价 FIBC financial institution buyer credit policy 金融机构买方信贷险 FIFO first in, first out 先进先出法 fin. stadg.(stndg.) financial standing 资信状况 fin. stat. (F/S) financial statement 财务报表 fin.yr. financial year 财政年度 FINA following items not available 以下项目不可获得 FIO free in and out 自由进出 F. I. T free of income tax 免交所得 税 fl. florin 盾 FLG finance lease guarantee 金融 租赁担保 flt. flat 无利息 FMV fair market value 合理市价 FO free out 包括卸货费在内的运费 fo. folio 对折、页码 FOB free on board (启运港)船上 交货、离岸价格 FOB airport FOB airport (启运) 机场 交货(价) FOBST free on board stowed and trimming 包括清理及平仓的离岸价 格 F.O.C. free of charge 免费 FOCUS Financial and Operations Combined Uniform Single Report 财务经营综合报告 FOK fill or kill 要么买进或卖出,要 么取消 FOR free on rail (or road) 铁路或 (公路)上交货价 for’ fwd forward; forwarded 转递 d., FOREX foreign exchange 外汇 FOS free on steamer 蒸汽船上交 货(价) FOUO for official use only 仅用于 公事 FOW, f. o. w. free on wagon (启运 站)火车上交货(价) FOX Futures and Options Exchange 期货和期权交易所 FP floating policy 浮动政策 FP fully paid 已全付的 FRA forward rate agreement 远期 利率协议 FRCD floating rate certificate of
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deposit 浮动利率存单 frt., frgt. forward 期货、远期合约 free case no charge for case 免费 事例 FREF fixed rate export finance 固 定利率出口融资 frt. & grat. freight and gratuity 运费 及酬金 Frt. fwd freight forward 运费待付 Frt. ppd freight prepaid 运费已付 FS final settlement 最后结算 FSR feasibility study report 可行性 研究报告 FTW free trade wharf 码头交易 FTZ free trade zone 自由贸易区 fut. futures 期货、将来 FV face value 面值 FVA fair value accounting 合理价值 法 FWD forward (exchange) contract 远期合约 F.X. foreign exchange 外汇 FX broker foreign exchange broker 外汇经纪人 fxd fixed 固定的 FXRN fixed rate note 定息票据 FY fiscal year (financial year) 财政 (务)年度 fy. pd. fully paid 全部付讫 FYI for your information 供您参考

zero20040818 2005-12-07 19:19 g gallon; grain; gram (s); gold 加 仑;格令;克; 金 G. A. general agent 总代理商、 总代 理人 GA go ahead 办理、可行 GAAP general Accepted Accounting Principles 通用会计准 则 GAAS Generally Accepted Auditing Standard 通用审计标准 GAC General Administration of Customs 海关总署 gal., gall gallon 加仑 gas. gasoline 汽油 GATT General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade 关税及贸易总协 定 GCL government concessional loan 政府优惠贷款 GDP gross domestic product 国内 生产总值 gds. goods 商品、货物 GJ general journal 普通日记帐 GL general ledger 总分类帐 gm. gram(s) 克 GMP graduated payment mortgage 递增付款按揭 GND gross national demand 国民 总需求 GNE gross national expeditures 国


民支出总额 GNP gross national product 国民生 产总值 GOFO gold forward rate 黄金远期 利率 GP gross profit 毛利 GPP general purchasing power 总 购买能力 gr. (grs.) wt. gross weight 毛重 GR gross revenue 毛收入 GS gross sales 销售总额 GSP generalised system of preferences 普惠制 GTM good this month 本月有效 GTW good this week 本星期有效 HAB house air bill 航空托运单 HAWB house air waybill 航空托运 单 HCA historical cost accounting 历 史成本会计 hdqrs. headquarters 总部 hg. hectogram 一百公克 HIBOR Hong Kong Interbank Offered Rate 香港银行同业拆借利 率 hifo highest-in, first-out 高入先出法 H. in D. C. holder in due course 正 当持票人 Hi-Q high quality 高质量 HIRCS high interest rate currencies 高利率货币 hi-tech high technology 高技术 HKD Hong Kong dollar 香港元 HKI Hong Kong Index 香港指数 hl. hectoliter 百升 hldg. holding 控股 Hon’d honored 如期支付的 HSCPI Hang Seng Consumer Price Index 恒生消费价格指数 HSI Hang Seng Index 恒生指数 hwevr. however 无论如何 Hz hertz 赫兹

zero20040818 2005-12-07 19:20 I. A. intangible assets 无形资产 I & A inventory and allocations 库存 和分配 IAS International Accounting Standard 国际会计标准 IB investment banking 投 资 银 行 (业) I. B. invoice book 发票簿 IBA International Bank Association 国际银行家协会 IBBR interbank bid rate 银行间报 价利率 I. B. I invoice book inward 购货发 票簿 IBNR incurred but not reported 已 发生未报告 I. B. O. invoice book outward 销货 发票簿

IBOR inter-bank offered rate 银行 间的拆借利率 ICB international competitive bidding 国际竞标 ICIA International Credit Insurance Association 国际信用保险协会 ICJ International Court of Justice 国际法庭 ICM international capital market 国 际资本市场 ICONs index currency option notes 指数货币期权票据 ICOR incremental capital-output ratio 资本—产出增量比 I. C. U. International Code Used 国 际使用的电码 IDB industrial development bond 工业发展债券 IDB Inter-American Development Bank 泛美开发银行 IDB inter-dealer broker 交易商之间 经纪人 IDC intangible development cost 无形开发成本 IDR international depositary receipt 国际寄存单据 IE indirect export 间接出口 I. F. insufficient fund 存款不足 IFB invitation for bids 招标邀请 I. G. imperial gallon 英制加仑 IL, I/L import licence 进口许可证 ILC irrevocable letter of credit 不可 撤销信用证 IMF International Monetary Fund 国际货币基金组织 imp. import 进口,输入 Inc. incorporated 注册(有限)公司 incl. inclusive 包括在内 incldd. included 已包含在内 incldg. including 包含 inl. haul inland haulage 内陆运输费 用 INLO in lieu of 代替 Ins, ins. insurance 保险 inst. instant 即期、分期付款 Instal., instal. installment 分期付款 Int., int. interest 利息 inv., Inv. invoice 发票、付款通知 in trans (I. T.) in transit. 在(运输)途 中 inv.doc./attach. invoice with document attached 附提货单的发 票 Inv’t., invt. inventory 存货 I-O input-output 输入--输出 IOU I owe you 借据 IOV inter-office voucher 内部传票 IPN industrial promissory note 工 业汇票 IPO initial public offering 首次发售 股票 IQ import quota 进口配额 IR Inland Revenue 国内税收
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I. R. inward remittance 汇入款项 IRA individual retirement account 个人退休金帐户 IRA interest rate agreement 利率协 议 IRR interest rate risk 利率风险 IRR internal rate of return 内部收益 率 irred. irredeemable 不可赎回的 IRS interest rate swap 利率调期 IS International System 公制度量 衡 ISIC International Standard Industrial Classification 国际标准产 业分类 IT information technology 信息技术 IT international tolerance 国际允许 误差 I/T income tax 所得税 ITC investment tax credit 投资税收 抵免 ITO International Trade Organization 国际贸易组织 ITS intermarket trading system 跨 市场交易系统 IV investment value 投资价值

., Jour. journal 日记帐 J. A. (J/A) joint account 联合 (共管) 帐簿 J. D. B. journal day-book 分类日记 帐 J/F, j/f journal folio 日记帐页数 J. V. joint venture 合资经营企业 J. V. journal voucher 分录凭单 JVC joint venture company 合资公 司

zero20040818 2005-12-12 11:16 商务英语词汇 corporate 企业社交 corporate hospitality consultancy 企业社交界联谊 corporate identity 企业标识 corporate image 企业形象,简称 corporate planing 公司规划, 公司策 划 corporate sector 企业部门 corporate travel expenses 公司差 旅费 corporate welfare 公司福利 corporation charter 公司注册许可 证,等于 Certificate of Incorporation cosmopolis 国际化大都市 cosmopo litan 世界性的,国际性的 cost accountant 成本会计师 cost and fteight 成本加运费,货价 加运费 cost-conscious 注重节省成本的


cost-effective 成本效益 cost,insurance,freight 到岸价, 简称 CIF cost of quality 质量成本 cost of sales 销售成本 cost plus 成本加成 costing 成本核算 cottage industry 家庭工业 counter clerk (银行)柜台职员 counterfeit 伪造的,伪造品 counterfoil 存根 counter-off 还盘 country of domicile 户籍国家 courier 专递员,专递公司 coursebook 教科书 courseware 课件,教学软件 courtesy 礼仪,礼貌的举止言辞 courtesy bus 免费接送汽车,亦作 courtesy coach couturier 设计女装的男设计师 couturiere 设计女装的女设计师 cover 1 承保 cover 2 承保范围 coverage (电视等)覆盖范围, (广 告等的)可达范围,新闻报道(量) , (企 业、服务业的)作用范围,有效区域 consortion 联营企业,财团 constuction matertals 建筑材料 consultancy 咨询公司,顾问公司 consultancy fee 咨询费 consultants 咨询公司 consumer confideness 消费意识 consumer confidence 消费信心 Consumer Council 消费者利益保护 委员会, 亦称作 Consumer’ Council consumer durables 耐用消费品 consumer electronics 家用电子产 品 consymer-friendly 便于消费者使用 的,亦作 consumer goods 日用消费品 consumer trends 消费趋势 container 集装箱,货柜 containerization 集装箱运输 contender 争夺者,竞争者 Continental plan 欧洲大陆式酒店服 务 contract of employment 雇用合同 contract period 合同期限 contract obligation 合同义务 contribution 1 捐款,捐物 contribution 2(提供的)建议 conveniently situation 地理位置优 越 conversionak marketing 转变消费 者行为的营销活动 conveyor belt 传送带 cook-chill 预煮速冻法,先烹后冻 copycat packaging 冒充包装 core activity 1 核心经营项目 core activity 2 核心业务,主管业务

core benefits 核心福利项目 core product 核心产品 core technology 核心技术 corpocracy 公司官僚主义 corporate business area 商务地段, 商务区 corporate charge card 公司赊帐卡 corporate culture 公司文化, 企业文 化 corporate entertaining 公司宴请, 公 司宴会

conservatory (玻璃)暖房 consolidation 合并

zero20040818 2005-12-12 11:16 competition advantage 竞争优势 competitive bididing 竞标,竞价 competitive edge 竞争优势 competitive intelligence 竞 争 性 情 况,商业间谍活动 competitively priced 价格优惠 competitor 竞争对手 competitor analysis 对手分析 complaint 投诉 complex 楼群,综合大楼 complimentary 1 赞扬的 complimentary 2 赠送的 complimentary close 信尾客套语 complimentary slip 赠礼便条,礼帖 compressed work weeks 压缩工作 周 coomputerate 懂电脑 computer games industry 电脑游戏 软件业 computer hardware 计算机(电脑) 硬件 computerization 电脑化,计算机化 computerize 用电脑操作,电脑化, 计算机化 computer operater 电脑操作人员 computer package 电脑集成软件包 computer programmer 电 脑 程 序 (编写)人员 computer reservation system 电脑 订票系统 computer software 计算机(电脑) 软件 computer whizz-kid 电脑杰出青年 人才,电脑杰出小子 conceptual skills 理性思维技能 confectionery 1 糖果点心 confectionary 2 糖果点心制造业 conference facility 会议设备,会议 场所 conference package 1 会 议 总 费 用,会议总价 conference package 2 会议专案 conferencing 会议技术 confidentiality agreement 保密协议 congestion pricing 高峰期行车收费 conglomeration 联合大企业,跨行 业公司 conglomeration 混合 consensus and synergy 同心协力
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zero20040818 2005-12-12 11:17 cold calling 冷不妨电话,无约电话 collateral 抵押品 collating machine 文件整理机 collection 时装展览,展览的时候 commerxial 商业广告 commerial agency 商业中介公司 commerial awareness 商业意识 commerial bank 商业银行 commerial break 插播广告的时间 commerial district 商务地段,商务 区 commerial insurance 商业保险 commerial invoice 商业发展 commerial operations manager 商 务运作经理 commerial property agency 商业地 产中介公司 commerial vehicle 商用车辆,营运 车辆,商用载货汽车 commerially successful product 赢 利商品,能赚钱的商品 commission 佣金 commit 致力于,承诺 commitment 1 承诺 commitment 2 敬业精神 commitnent 3 致力于 committed 1 坚定的,忠诚的 committed 2 承但生产任务的 commodity trade 商品批发商 common share/stock 普通股 communication facilities 通讯设施 community progamme 社区(建设) 项目 commuter 乘车上下班者 company auditor 公司审计员,查帐 员 company culture 公司文化 company law 公司法 company profile 公司概况 company secretary 公司秘书 company store 企业内部商店 compare favourably/competitively with 比??优惠,比??有利 compensation trade 补偿贸易 competition 1 有奖竞赛活动 competition 2 (用作总称)竞争者,比 赛对手

zero20040818 2005-12-12 11:17 childcare voucher 托儿所 chip jewelry 过时的计算机 chit 代金券 chronic fatigue syndrome 慢性疲劳 综合症 chronic stress 长期不断的压力 circular 通告 circulation list 传阅单


civil engineer 土木工程师 civil engineering 土木工程专业 civil liability 民事责任 civil servant 公务员 civil service 行政部门,行政机关, 亦作 Civil Service claim 索赔(要求) claims manger 理赔部经理 clamshell 蛤壳形食品盒,蛤壳式快 餐盒,也作 fast-food clamshell clean bill of heath 1 公司状况稳健 证明书 clean bill of heath 2 健康证明书 clean bill of heath 3 清洁得单 cleaning product 清洁洗涤用品 cleance sale 清仓甩卖 cleaning bank 结算银行,清算银行 clerical assistant 文书 clerical staff 文秘人员 clerk 职员,文书 ckientele (统称) (老)客户 clinical trial 临床实验 clipboard computer 写字夹板式电 脑 clip-on 夹式的 cloakroom 衣帽间 closing date 截止日 closing down sale 停业清仓甩卖 club-class 俱乐部会员舱位 (相当于 公务舱或头等舱) cocktail bar 酒吧 code of conduct 行为规范 coder 电脑游戏软件编写人, 编码员

catering business 提供餐饮服务, 承办酒席,接待 catering 提供餐饮服务 catering business 饮食业 catering company 酒席承办公司 catering division 餐饮部 caution money 保证金 celebrity 名人,名流 cell phone 移动电话,蜂窝电话,手 机,亦作 cellphone cellular 移动电话,蜂窝电话,手机 cement ceiling 水泥天花板,妇女在 职业晋升方面不可逾障碍 central bank 中央银行 cable license 有限电视许可证 cafeteria plan 自助餐式福利计划 callback 电话回话(服务) call-backing 呼叫限制 call center 电视销售中心, 电话销售 中心,呼叫中心 caller ID 来电显示(服务) call forwarding 呼叫转送(服务) call-in Medical 电话求医市场 campaign 摄像机 canteen 宣传活动 capacity 职工食堂 capital allowance 生产能力 capital asset 投资税额减免 capital expenditure 资本资产 capital growth 资本增值 capital-intensive 资本密集 capital investment 资本投资;基本 建设投资 capital sum 一次性总付,总括性付 款 capital market 垄断市场 cardaholic 习惯用信用卡透支购物 的人 career development 职业发展 career management 职 业 了 展 管 理,人事管理前程 career planing 职业规划,前程规 划,职业生涯规划 career propects 职业前程,职业前 景 care for people 以人为本 caretaker 大 楼 管 理 人 员 , 亦 作 janitor(美) cargo division 货运部门 car hire 汽车出租 caring profession 护理行业 car pool 合伙用车 car rental 汽车出租 carriage(列车)出租 car sharing 合伙用车

zero20040818 2005-12-12 11:17 cartride (打印机, 复印机的) 墨盒, (钢笔)笔芯,墨水囊 case 理由陈述;诉讼案,案件 case study 案例分析,个案研究 cash advances 预付现金 cash dispenser 自动提款机, 自动柜 员机 cash card 现金卡,自动和款机卡, 银行卡 cash flow 备用零钱 cashflow analysis 现金流量分析 cash-flow forcast 现金流量预测 cash flow gap 现金流量差额 cash machine 自动提款机,自动柜 员机 cash on delivery 交货付款,简称 COD cashpoint 自动提款机,自动柜员机 cash sales 现金销售,现销 cash settlement 现金结算 cash voucher 折扣券,优惠券 cash with order 现金订货,订货付 现,简称 CWO cassette recorder 卡式录音机 casual restaurant 休闲餐馆 catalogue 商品目录 cater for 目录购物

business 公司,企业 business class 公务舱,头等舱,亦 作 first class business class section 商务舱(座 位) business concept 经营理念 business district 商务地段,商务区 business executive 企业主管人员 business-format franchise 经 营 模 式特许(店) business-format franchising 经营模 式特许权 business hours 营业时间, 办公时间 business inprovement district 经济 开发区,简称 BID businesslike 有条不紊,高效率 business lounge 头等舱旅客候机室 business lunch 工 作 餐 , 亦 作 business luncheon business magazine 经贸杂志 business meeting 业务会议 business operation 商业运作模式 business overdraft 商业透支,业务 透支 business partner 商业伙伴 business plan 经营规划 business practice 经营方式 business process 业务流程重组, 简 称 BPR business sense 商业头脑,经商能 力 business trip 公务旅行,出差 buyer’s market 买方市场 buy-out 全面收购,全部买下市场产 品 by-product 副产品 brand image 品牌形象 brand leader 领导品牌,畅销品牌 brand loyalty 品牌忠诚, 对品牌的信 赖感 brand-making 创品牌 brand name 品牌名称 brand preference 品牌偏好 brandstretching 品牌延伸 breach 破坏,违反,侵害 breachdown 故障,停止运转 breachdown rescue 故障抢救 break even 收支平衡 break-even point 收支平衡点,盈亏 平衡点 bridging loan 临时代款 briefcase 公文包,公事包 briefing 情况通报会 bright collar 亮领,成功职业人士 brochure 小册子 broken lot (100 股以下的)零星散 股 broker 代理人,经纪人 broker’s commission 经纪人佣金 brokerage industry 中介业 brown goods 茶色商品

zero20040818 2005-12-12 11:18 bull market 牛市 bundle 捆绑 burglar alarm 电子防盗报警装置 burglar-proof padlock 防盗锁
商务英语 尽在掌握 第 27 页


brunch 便餐,早午茶 bubble economy 泡沫经济 bubble wrap 泡沫包装 budget priced goods 预算价商品, 成本价商品 buffet reception 冷餐会 built-in 车载技术(汽车上安装的先 进技术设备) bulk 散装,大批,大量 bulletin 简报,公告 bulltin board 公告板 Bulltin Board Systems 电子公告板 系统,简称 BBS bullet point “弹头”圆点,弹点, 亦作 bullet black release 短期脱产进修 blue chip 1 蓝筹股;绩优股 blue chip 2 (在同行业中)最获利 的;最赚钱的 blue-collar 蓝领的; 体力劳动的; 普 通工人的 board 董事会 board game 董事会竞赛游戏,管理 竞赛游戏 board meeting 董事会议 board of directors 董事会 boardroom 1 (董事会等的) 会议室 boardroom 2 (早期证券经纪行中) 置放黑板记载 股票最新价格的房间,行情室 body language 身体语言 bond 债券 bonus 奖金,红利 bonus point 消费(奖励)积分 bonus share 红利股 book for visitor’ suggestions 顾客 s 留言本 book launch 图书发行会 book value 账面价值 book-entry security 记账式证券 booking manager 订房 (票) 部经理 boring and repetity 单调重复的 bottom line 账本底线,盈亏一览结 算线 bottom-end of the market 低端市场 bounce message (电子邮递器给发 信人的)退信通知 bounce (电子邮件)弹回,退回 bounced cheque 拒付支票 boundaryless marketing 无界营销 bourse 证券交易所,证券市场 box file 文件盒 brainstorming 集思广益(法) ,头脑 风暴(法) ,脑力震荡(法) brainstorming session 献计献策会, 思维碰撞会,集体讨论会 branch office 分公司 branch out 拓展业务 brand consultants 品牌咨询公司, 品 牌顾问公司 brand enhancing 品牌提升 brand extension 品牌延伸

brand identification 品牌识别 baby break 产假,停职育婴期 back 支持,资助,赞助 backdate 倒填日期 backer 资助人 backlog 积压,积压的工作 backpack 背包 back pay 补发工资 backup 备份,备用件,为......备份 back-up facility 支持设备,辅助设备 bad debt 坏帐,呆帐,倒帐 bad publicity 负面宣传 baggage allowance 行李重量限额 bagstuffer 广告传单,小型宣传品 balance 余额,平衡 balance of payment 国际收支,简称 BOP balance of trade 国际贸易差额 balance sheet 资产负债表,决算表, 平衡表 ballpark 活动领域,可变通范围;大致 正确的 bancassurance 银行保险业 bank charges 银行手续费 banking business 金融业,银行业 bank on 依赖......获利 bank statement 银行结单,银行水单 banner towing 条幅广告 banqueting manager 宴会经理 bar charge 矩形图,条形图,直方图 bar code 条形码,条码 bar graph 矩形图,条形图,直方图 barrier crash 障碍试验 barrister 律师,出庭律师,大律师 base pay 基本工资 base rate 基本利率,基础利率 batch 成批的产品,一批的量 bath mat 浴室脚垫 bear market 熊市 benchmark 参考标准,基准尺度 beneficiary 受益人 benefit premium 福利津贴 benefits package 一揽子福利,福利 套餐 best-selling author 畅销书作家 Big Blue 蓝色巨人,美国 IBM 公司的 俗称 big-ticket 高价的,昂贵的 bilingual 具备双语能力的,熟悉两种 语言的 bill 要求......支付 billboard 露天大广告牌 bill of entry 报关单 bill of lading 提单,提货单 binding machine 装订机 bingo card 宾戈卡 bioengineered food 生物工程食品 biotech 生物技术 biotechnology 生物技术 black economy 黑色经济 Black Friday 黑色星期五,灾难性的 一天 Black Monday 黑色星期一
商务英语 尽在掌握 第 28 页

blockbuster 大力促销,生意兴旺 baby break 产假,停职育婴期 back 支持,资助,赞助 backdate 倒填日期 backer 资助人 backlog 积压,积压的工作 backpack 背包 back pay 补发工资 backup 备份,备用件,为......备份 back-up facility 支持设备,辅助设备 bad debt 坏帐,呆帐,倒帐 bad publicity 负面宣传 baggage allowance 行李重量限额 bagstuffer 广告传单,小型宣传品 balance 余额,平衡 balance of payment 国际收支,简称 BOP balance of trade 国际贸易差额 balance sheet 资产负债表,决算表, 平衡表 ballpark 活动领域,可变通范围;大致 正确的 bancassurance 银行保险业 bank charges 银行手续费 banking business 金融业,银行业 bank on 依赖......获利 bank statement 银行结单,银行水单 banner towing 条幅广告 banqueting manager 宴会经理 bar charge 矩形图,条形图,直方图 bar code 条形码,条码 bar graph 矩形图,条形图,直方图 barrier crash 障碍试验 barrister 律师,出庭律师,大律师 base pay 基本工资 base rate 基本利率,基础利率 batch 成批的产品,一批的量 bath mat 浴室脚垫 bear market 熊市 benchmark 参考标准,基准尺度 beneficiary 受益人 benefit premium 福利津贴 benefits package 一揽子福利,福利 套餐 best-selling author 畅销书作家 Big Blue 蓝色巨人,美国 IBM 公司的 俗称 big-ticket 高价的,昂贵的 bilingual 具备双语能力的,熟悉两种 语言的 bill 要求......支付 billboard 露天大广告牌 bill of entry 报关单 bill of lading 提单,提货单 binding machine 装订机 bingo card 宾戈卡 bioengineered food 生物工程食品 biotech 生物技术 biotechnology 生物技术 black economy 黑色经济 Black Friday 黑色星期五,灾难性的 一天


Black Monday 黑色星期一 blockbuster 大力促销,生意兴旺

zero20040818 2005-12-12 11:22 cable license 有限电视许可证 cafeteria plan 自助餐式福利计划 callback 电话回话(服务) call-backing 呼叫限制 call center 电视销售中心, 电话销售 中心,呼叫中心 caller ID 来电显示(服务) call forwarding 呼叫转送(服务) call-in Medical 电话求医市场 campaign 摄像机 canteen 宣传活动 capacity 职工食堂 capital allowance 生产能力 capital asset 投资税额减免 capital expenditure 资本资产 capital growth 资本增值 capital-intensive 资本密集 capital investment 资本投资;基本 建设投资 capital sum 一次性总付,总括性付 款 capital market 垄断市场 cardaholic 习惯用信用卡透支购物 的人 career development 职业发展 career management 职 业 了 展 管 理,人事管理前程 career planing 职业规划,前程规 划,职业生涯规划 career propects 职业前程,职业前 景 care for people 以人为本 caretaker 大 楼 管 理 人 员 , 亦 作 janitor(美) cargo division 货运部门 car hire 汽车出租 caring profession 护理行业 car pool 合伙用车 car rental 汽车出租 carriage(列车)出租 car sharing 合伙用车

dealership 1 经销特许权 dealership 2 特许经销商 dear money 高息贷款 debenture 公司债券 debit 借记,借款 debit card 借记卡,扣账卡 debt recovery 债务回收, 债务回购, 债务重组 debt-to-GDP ratio 债务率 decision-marking meeting 决 策 会 议 deduct 扣除 deed 契约,契据,证书 deep pockets 雄厚的账力 default 1 不履行法律责任 default 2 违约 default 3 拖欠债务 deficit 赤字,贸易逆差 defraud 诈骗 degree of local adaption required 本土化要求程度 delivery charge 送货单 deluxe 高级的,豪华的 demand curve 需求曲线 demarketing 反营销,营销反略 demi-pension (法)半寄宿式酒店 服务 demotion 降级,降职 demotivation 消极怠工(情绪) demiware 演示产品,免费试用产品 deposit 定期存款 depreciate 贬值 depreciation 折旧 deregulation 撤消管制 design consultancy 设计咨询公司 designer 标名的,由设计师专门设 计的 designer outlet 专卖店 desk diary 办公日记 desktop(computer) 台式电脑 desktop publishing 桌面出版,简称 DTP deskpath fider 摩托速递员

emulator 竞争者 en suite bedroom 卧室套间 encrypt 加密 encryption technology 加密技术 endorse 1 背书,在(票据等)背面 签字 endorse 2 (名人)为(商品等)作 广告 endorsement 1 签名,背书 endorsement 2 (名人) (商品等) 为 作广告 endowment policy 人寿定期保险单 end-efficiency 制成品 end-user 最终用户 energizer 兴奋食品 (剂) 增能食品 , (剂) energy efficiency 节能 energy-efficient 节能的 enquiry 询价 enterprise (办企业的) 进取业精神, 事业心 entertainment 1 娱乐活动 entertianment 2 招待 entertainment allowance 交际费, 招待费 entertainment exprense 交际费, 招 待费 entrepot trade 转口贸易 entrepreneur 企业家 entrepreneurial organization 企 业 家组织结构,企业体制 entry manifest 报关单 environmentally-friendly 对 环 境 无 害的,环保的

zero20040818 2005-12-12 11:22 damage 损害赔偿金 damaged claim 损害赔偿要求,毁 损索赔 danger money 危险工作津贴 date and time stamp (可拨动时间、 日期的)日戳 dawn raid 黎明突袭 day care 日间托儿站 dead capital 死资本,呆滞资本,无 利资本 deadline 最后限期 dealer 1 供应商 dealer 2 (外汇、股票市场的)交易 员

zero20040818 2005-12-12 11:23 emotional quotient 情感商数,情商 employee loyalty 员工忠诚,亦作 staff loyalty employment agency 职业介绍所, 等 于 employmentservices 或 employment bureau 或 recruitment ageency 或 staff recruitment ageency Employment Appeal Tribunal 劳工 申诉法庭,简称 EAT employment cost 雇工费 employment law 劳工法 employment package 受聘后的种 种好处,受聘后的一篮子福利 employment exchange 职业介绍所 (中心) empowerment 权力下放
商务英语 尽在掌握 第 29 页

zero20040818 2005-12-12 11:23 epitiomize 象征 equities 普通股,亦作 epuity share epuity 股本 equity capital 股权资本,股金 equity shareholder 普通股股东,普 通股持有者 equity stake 股权 ergonomically designed 能发挥工 作者最大效能的设计, 符合功效学的 设计 escape clause 例外条款 escort tour 陪同游览服务 espionage 刺探行为 established company 知名公司 esbablished corporation 知名企业 established practice 习惯做法,通 行做法,惯例 estate agent 房地产经纪, 房地产代 理 estate 1 估算,概算,估计 estate 2 (对工作或服务等所需要费 用进行)估价 ethical code of conduct 道德行为规 范 ethical standards 道德标准 European Common Market 欧洲共


同市场 European Currency Unit 欧洲货币 单位,简称 ECU European Monetary System 欧洲 货币体系,简称 ECU European plan 欧式酒店服务 European Union (EU) countries 欧 盟国家 Euro 欧元,亦作 euro event 活动 exchange rate (外汇)兑换率,汇 率,汇价 exchange rate fluctuation 汇率波动 exclusionary right 独家经营权 exclusive dealership 独家特许经销 商 exclusive distrubutor 独家经销商 exclusivity 独家经销权 excursion 远足 executive 1 决策机构 executive 2 主管 人员, 行政 人员 Executive Adventures 公司经理历 险活动 executive board 管理委员会,执行 董事会 executive director 执行董事会,简称 执董 executive floor 商务办公楼层 executive search 搜罗高级主管人 才(的做法) ,猎头(的做法) ,亦作 headhunting exemption (责任、税项等的)豁免 exhibition area 展区 exhibitor 参加展览会的厂商、公司、 参展者,参展商 expatriate 外籍的,外籍人员 expedited 快件(服务) expenses claim sheer 费用报销单 experiential learning 从实践经验中 学习 expertise 专业知识,专业技能 export credit loan 出口信贷 export licence 出口许可证 export packing list 出口装箱单 exports 出口产品 exposure 接触 express life 直达电梯,快速电梯 Express Plus 加急特快专递(服务) extender 延长器,增充器, (英)大 学附设部分(指函授部、夜校等)的 教师 extension 扩展 extenneively 经过长时期试验 external audit 外部审计 extractor 排气扇 ex works (英)工厂交货价,直接 来 自 工 厂 地 , 亦 作 ex-works, ex-factory eye-catching 引人注目的 eye contact 目光接触 executive 3 豪华的,商档的 face time 网外会面时间 face value 面值

facilities and amenities 普通设施与 便利设施 facility trip 设备部经理 facsimile 公差,公费旅游 facsimile 摹本 fact-finding 实地考察,实情调查, 实情调查的 factor 独立经纪人,赊账式经纪商 factory floor 厂区 factory gate price 出厂价 false claim 虚报费用 family business 家 族 式 企 业 ( 公 司) ,亦作 family company family credit 家庭救济金 family-friendly 有利于家庭生活的, 适合家庭的 fare 票价 fashion area 时尚精品区 fashion business 时装业 fast lane 快车道 fast moving consumer goods 快销 消费品,简称 FMCG fatally flawed (产品等)存在致命 缺陷 faulty 缺损的,有毛病的 faulty goods 次货,次品,缺陷产品 favorability rating 支持率 favouritism 偏爱,偏袒 fax machine 传真机 feasibility study 可行性研究 Federal Reserve Bank (美国)联 邦储备银行,美国中央银行,简称 FED feedback 反馈 feedback and review 反馈与检查 file 备案 filing cabinet 文件柜 final accounts 决算表 finace 融资,筹措资金 finace firector 账务主管 finances 计账部 financial management 账务管理 financial model 账务模型 financial standing 账务地位, 账务状 况 financial staterment 账务报表, 结算 表 findings 调查结果 finished goods 成品,制成品 fire escape 消防演习 fire drill 太平梯,安全出口,火灾逃 生通道 firm of accountants 会计师事务所 first aid 急救 first-class facility 急救设施 first-line manager 第一线经理 first name (相对于姓的) 名, 教名, 也作 given mane, forename fixed cost 固定成本 fixed interest securities 固定利率债 券 fixed-term contract 固定合同,定期 雇用合同
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flagship store 总店,旗舰商店 flanker 系列新产品 flat management structure 扁平化 和管理结构 flexible benefits system 弹性福利 制度 flexible employment 弹性聘用(制) flexible working 弹性工作方式 flex place 弹性工作地点(制) flexitime 弹性工作时间(制) ,弹性 上班时间 (制) 亦作 flexible working , hours, flextime flexplace 弹性工作地点(制)也作 flex-place flier 小广告传单 flip phone 翻转式移动电话 float (证券)上市,挂牌,首次在 证券交易所发行证券 floatation (股票)首次上市,首次 发行证券 floor (股票交易所内的)营业大厅, 交易场 floor broker 红马甲 floor offer 底盘 floorplan 楼层平面图 floppy disk 电脑软(磁)盘 flow chart 流程图。作业图 follow up 采取后续措施,进一步追 踪 follower brand 市场跟随者品牌 优马思教育-您的商务英语顾问 www.youmars.com 1.i'm an office worker. 我是上班族。 2.i work for the government. 我在 政府机关做事。 3.i'm happy to meet you. 很高兴见 到你。 4.i like your sense of humor. 我喜 欢你的幽默感。 5.i'm glad to see you again. 很高兴 再次见到你。 6.i'll call you. 我会打电话给你。 7.i feel like sleeping / taking a walk. 我想睡/散步。 8.i want something to eat. 我想吃 点东西。 9.i need your help. 我需要你的帮 助。 10.i would like to talk to you for a minute. 我想和你谈一下。11.i have a lot of problems. 我有很多问题。 12.i hope our dreams come true. 我希望我们的梦想成真。 13.i'm looking forward to seeing you. 我期望见到你。 hearing from you 14.i'm supposed to go on a diet / get a raise. 我应该节食/涨工资。 15.i heard that you ' re getting married. congratulations. 听说你要 结婚了,恭喜! 16.i see what your mean. 我了解你 的意思。


17.i can't do this. 我不能这么做。 18.let me explain why i was late. 让 我解释迟到的理由。 19.let's have a beer or something. 咱们喝点啤酒什么的。 20.where is your office? 你们的办 公室在哪? 21.what is your plan? 你的计划是 什么? 22.when is the store closing? 这家 店什么时候结束营业? 23.Are you sure you can come by at nine? 你肯定你九点能来吗? 24.Am i allowed to stay out past 10? 我可以十点过后再回家吗? 25.The meeting was scheduled for two hours, but it is not over yet.会议 原定了两个小时, 不过现在还没有结 束。 26.Tom's birthday is this week. 汤 姆的生日就在这个星期。 27.Would you care to see it / sit down for a while? 你要不要看/坐一 会呢? 28.Can you cover for me on friday / help me / tell me how to get there? 星期五能不能请你替我个班/你能帮 我吗/你能告诉我到那里怎么走吗? 29.could you do me a big favor? 能 否请你帮我个忙?give me a hand 30.he is crazy about crazy english. 他对疯狂英语很着迷。 31.can you imagine how much he paid for that car? 你能想象他买那车花了多少钱吗? 32.can you believe that i bought a tv for $25? 你能相信我花 25 美元买了一台电视 机吗? 33.did you know he was having an affair / cheating on his wife? 你知道他有外遇了吗?/欺骗他的妻 子吗? 34.did you hear about the new project? 你知道那个新项目吗? 35.do you realize that all of these shirts are half off?你知道这些衬衫 都卖半价了吗? 36.do you mind if i take tomorrow off? 你介意我明天请假吗? 37.i enjoy working with you very much. 我很喜欢和你一起工作。 38.did you know that stone ended up marrying his secretary? 你知道吗?斯通最终和他的秘书结 婚了。 39.let's get together for lunch. 让我 们一起吃顿午餐吧。 40.how did you do on your test?你 这次考试的结果如何? 41.do you think you can come? 你 认为你能来吗? 42.how was your weekend ? 你周

末过得怎么样? 43.here is my card. 这是我的名片。 44.he is used to eating out all the time. 他已经习惯在外面吃饭了。 45.i'm getting a new computer for birthday present. 我得到一台电脑 作生日礼物。 46.have you ever driven a bmw? 你有没有开过“宝马”? 47.how about if we go tomorrow instead? 我们改成明天去怎么样? 48.how do you like hong kong? 你 喜欢香港吗? 49.how do you want your steak? 你 的牛排要几分熟? 50.how did the game turn out? 球 赛结果如何? 51.how did mary make all of her money? 玛丽所有的钱是怎么赚到 的? 52.how was your date? 你的约会怎 么样? 53.how are you doing with your new boss? 你跟你的新上司处得如 何? 54.how should i tell him the bad news? 我 该 如 何 告 诉他 这 个 坏 消 息? 55.how much money did you make? 你赚了多少钱? 56.how much does it cost to go abroad? 出国要多少钱? 57.how long will it take to get to your house? 到你家要多久? 58.how long have you been here? 你在这里多久了? 59.how nice/pretty/cold/funny/stupid/boring/ interesting. 60.how about going out for dinner? 出去吃晚餐如何? 61.i'm sorry that you didn't get the job. 很遗憾,你没有得到那份工作。 62.i'm afraid that it's not going to work out. 我恐怕这事不会成的。 63.i guess i could come over. 我想 我能来。 64.is it ok to smoke in the office? 在办公室里抽烟可以吗? 65.it was kind of exciting. 有点剌 激。 66.i know what you want. 我知道你 想要什么。 67.is that why you don't want to go home? 这就 是你 不想 回 家的 原 因 吗? 68.i'm sure we can get you a great / good deal. 我很肯定我们可以帮你 做成一笔好交易。 69.would you help me with the report? 你愿意帮我写报告吗? 70.i didn't know he was the richest person in the world.
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我不知道他是世界上最有钱的人。 71.i'll have to ask my boss / wife first.我必须先问一下我的老板/老婆。 72.i take it you don't agree. 这么说 来,我认为你是不同意。 73.i tried losing weight, but nothing worked. 我曾试着减肥, 但是毫无效 果。 74.it doesn't make any sense to get up so early.那么早起来没有任何意 义。 75.it took years of hard work to speak good english. 讲一口流利的英语需要多年的刻苦 操练。 76.it feels like spring / i've been here before. 感觉好象春天到了/我 以前来过这里。 77.i wonder if they can make it. 我 在想他们是不是能办得到。 78.it's not as cold / hot as it was yesterday. 今 天 不 象 昨 天 那 么 冷 / 热。 79. it's not his work that bothers me; it's his attitude. 困扰我的不是他的工作, 而是他的态 度。 80. it sounds like you enjoyed it. 听 起来你好象蛮喜欢的。 taste feel 81.it seems to me that he would like to go back home. 我觉得他好象想 要回家。 homesick 82.it looks very nice. 看起来很漂 亮。 83.is everything under control? 一 切都在掌握之中吗? 84.i thought you could do a better job. 我以为你的表现会更好。 85.it's time for us to say “no” to america. 是我们对美国说不的时候 了。 86.the show is supposed to be good. 这场表演应当是相当好的。 87.it really depends on who is in charge. 那纯粹要看谁负责了。 88.it involves a lot of hard

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