说明：1.本试卷共150分，考试时间120分钟。 2.将答案都写在答题卡上，在试卷上答题无效。 第一部分听力(共两节，满分30分)（忽略） 第二部分阅读理解(共两节，满分40分) 第一节(共15小题每小题2分，满分30分) 阅读下面短文，从每题所给的A. B. C和D四个选项中，选出最佳选项。 A CHRONOLOGICA ——The Unbelievable Years that Defined History DID YOU KNOW? In 105AD paper was invented in China? When Columbus discovered the New World? The British Museum opened in 1759? CHRONOLOGICA is a fascinating journey through time,from the foundation of Rome to the creation of the internet.Along the way are tales of kings and queens,hot air balloons?and monkeys space. Travel through 100 of the most unbelievable years in world history and learn why being a Roman Emperor wasn?t always as good as it sounds,how the Hundred Years? War didn?t actually last for 100 years and why Spencer Perceval holds a rather unfortunate record. CHRONOLOGICA is an informative and entertaining tour into history,beautifully illustrated and full of unbelievable facts.While CHRONOLOGICA tells the stories of famous people in history such as Thomas Edison and Alexander the Great,this book also gives ab account of the lives of lesser-known individuals including the explorerMungo Park and sculptor Gutzon Borglum. in
This complete but brief historical collection is certain to entertain readers young and old,and guaranteed to present even the biggest history lover with something new! 21.What is CHRONOLOGICA according to the next? A．A biography. C．A history book. B．A travel guide. D．A science fiction.
22.How does the writer recommend CHRONOLOGICA to readers? A．By giving details of its collection. B．By introducing some of its contents. C．By telling stories at the beginning. D．By comparing it with other books. B Before birth,babies can tell the difference between loud sounds and voices.They can even distinguish their mother?s voice from that of a female stranger.But when it comes to embryonic learning（胎教），birds could rule the roost.As recently reported in The Auk:Ornithological Adrances,some mother birds may teach their young to sing even before they hatch(孵化)。 New-born chicks can then imitate their mom?s call within a few days of entering the world. This educational method was first observed in 2012 by Sonia Kieindorfer,a biologist at Flinders University in South Australia, and her colleagues. Female Australian superb fairy wrens were found to repeat one sound over and over again while hatching their errs,When the errs were hatched,the baby birds made the similar chirp to their mothers—around that served as their regular “feed me!”call. To find out if the special quality was more widespread in birds,the researchers sought the red-backed fairy wren,another species of Australian songbird.First they collected sound datd from 67 nests in four sites in Queenslang before and after hatching,Then they identified begging calls by analyzing the order and number of notes.A computer analysis blindly compared calls produced by mothers and chicks,ranking them by similarity. It turns out that baby red-backed fairy wrens also emerge chirping like their moms. And the more frequently mothers had called to their errs,the more similar were the babies? begging calls. In
addition,the team set up a separate experiment that suggested that the baby birds that most closely imitated their mom?s voice were rewarded with the most food. This observation hints that effective embryonic learning could signal neurological(神经系统 的)strengths of children to parents.An evolutionary inference can then be drawn.”As a parent,do you invest in quality children,or do you invest in children that are in need?”Kleindorferasks.”Our results suggest that they might be going for quality.” 23.The underlined phrase in Paragraph 1 means“”. A.be the worst C.be the as bad B.be the best D.be just as good
An assumption behind UK insurance for driverless cars, introduces earlier this year, insists that a human “ be watchful and monitoring the road” at every moment. But that is not what many people have in mind when thinking of driverless cars. “When you say ?driverless cars?, people expect driverless cars.”Merat says. “You know — no driver.” Because of the confusion, Merat thinks some car makers will wait until vehicles can be fully automated without operation. Driverless cars may end up being a form of public transport rather than vehicles you own, says Ryan Calo at Stanford University, California. That is happening in the UK and Singapore, where government-provided driverless vehicles are being launched. That would go down poorly in the US, however. “The idea that the government would take over driverless cars and treat them as a public good would get absolutely nowhere here,” says Calo. 26. What does the phrase “death valley” in Paragraph 2 refer to? A. A place where cars often break down. B. A case where passing a law is impossible. C. An area where no driving is permitted. D. A situation where drivers? role is not clear. 27. The proposal put forward by Dobrindt aims to __________. A. stop people from breaking traffic rules B. help promote fully automatic driving C. protect drivers of all ages and races D. prevent serious property damage 28. What do consumers think of the operation of driverless cars? A. It should get the attention of insurance companies. B. It should be the main concern of law makers. C. It should not cause deadly traffic accidents. D. It should involve no human responsibility. 29. Driverless vehicles in public transport see no bright future in __________. A. Singapore B. the UK C. the US D. Germany 30. What could be the best title for passage?
24.What are Kleindorfer?s findings based on? A.Similarities between the calls moms and chicks. B.The observation of fairy wrens across Australia. C.The data collected from Queensland?s locals. D.Controlled experiments on wrens and other birds. 25.Embryonic learning helps mother birds to identify the baby birds which . A.can receive quality signals C.fit the environment better B.are in need of training D.make the loudest call C This month, Germany?s transport minister, Alexander Dobrindt, proposed the first set of rules for autonomous vehicles(自主驾驶车辆). They would define the driver?s role in such cars and govern how such cars perform in crashes where lives might be lost. The proposal attempts to deal with what some call the “death valley” of autonomous vehicles: the grey area between semi-autonomous and fully driverless cars that could delay the driverless future. Dobrindt wants three things: that a car always chooses property(财产) damage over personal injury; that it never distinguishes between humans based on age or race; and that if a human removes his or her hands from the driving wheel — to check email, say — the car?s maker is responsible if there is a crash. “The change to the road traffic law will permit fully automatic driving,” says Dobrindt. It will put fully driverless cars on an equal legal footing to human drivers, he says. Who is responsible for the operation of such vehicles is not clear among car makers, consumers and lawyers. “The liability(法律责任) issue is the biggest one of them all,” says Natasha Merat at the University of Leeds, UK.
A. Autonomous Driving: Whose Liability? B. Fully Automatic Cars: A New Breakthrough C. Autonomous Vehicles: Driver Removed D. Driverless Cars: Root of Road Accidents D I read somewhere that we spend a full third of our lives waiting. But where are we doing all of this waiting, and what does it mean to an impatient society like ours? To understand the issue, let?s take a look at three types of “waits”. The very purest form of waiting is the Watched-Pot Wait. It is without doubt the most annoying of all. Take filling up the kitchen sink(洗碗池) as an example. There is absolutely nothing you can do while this is going on but keep both eyes fixed on the sink until it?s full. During these waits, the brain slips away from the body and wanders about until the water runs over the edge of the counter and onto your socks. This kind of wait makes the waiter helpless and mindless. A cousin to the Watched-Pot Wait is the Forced Wait. This one requires a bit of discipline. Properly preparing packaged noodle soup required a Forced Wait. Directions are very specific. “Bring three cups of water to boil, add mix, simmer three minutes, remove from heat, let stand five minutes.”I have my doubts that anyone has actually followed the procedures strictly. After all, Forced Waiting requires patience. Perhaps the most powerful type of waiting is the Lucky-Break Wait. This type of wait is unusual in that it is for the most part voluntary. Unlike the Forced Wait, which is also voluntary, waiting for your lucky break does not necessarily mean that it will happen. Turning one?s life into a waiting game requires faith and hope, and is strictly for the optimists among us. On the surface it seems as ridiculous as following the directions on soup mixes, but the Lucky-Break Wait well serves those who are willing to do it. As long as one doesn?t come to rely on it, wishing for a few good things to happen never hurts anybody. We certainly do spend a good deal of our time waiting. The next time you?re standing at the sink waiting for it to fill while cooking noodle soup that you?ll have to eat until a large bag of cash falls out of the sky, don?t be desperate. You?re probably just as busy as the next guy. 31. While doing a Watched-Pot Wait, we tend to ___________. A. keep ourselves busy B. get absent-minded
C. grow anxious D. stay focused 32. What is the difference between the Forced Wait and the Watched-Pot Wait?\ A. The Forced Wait requires some self-control. B. The Forced Wait makes people passive. C. The Watched-Pot Wait needs directions. D. The Watched-Pot Wait engages body and brain. 33. What can we learn about the Lucky-Break Wait? A. It is less voluntary than the Forced Wait. B. It doesn?t always bring the desired result. C. It is more fruitful than the Forced Wait. D. It doesn?t give people faith and hope. 34. What does the author advise us to do the next time we are waiting? A. Take it seriously. B. Don?t rely on others. C. Do something else. D. Don?t lose heart. 35. The author supports his view by _________. A. exploring various causes of “waits”. B. describing detailed processes of “waits”. C. analyzing different categories of “waits” D. revealing frustrating consequences of “waits”
第二节(共5小题每小题2分，满分10分) 根据短文内容，从短文后的选项中选出能填人空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余 选项。 Public Speaking Training · Get a coach 36，so get help. Since there are about a billion companies out there all ready to offer you public speaking training and courses, here are some things to look for when deciding the training that's right for you.
· Focus on positives Any training you do to become more effective at public speaking should always focus on the positive aspects of what you already do well. Nothing can hurt confidence more than being told that you aren't doing well. · 38 37, so good public speaking training should develop those instead of telling you what you shouldn't do. If you find a public speaking course that looks as though it's going to give you lots of dos and don'ts, walk away! Your brain is so full of what you're going to be talking about. 39. As far as we're concerned, there are basically no hard and fast rules about public speaking. Your audience can be your friends. · You are a special person not a clone Most importantly, good public speaking training should treat you as a special one, with your own personal habits. 40. Your training course should help you bring out your personality, not try to turn you into someone you're not. A. You aren't like anybody else B. You already do lots of things well C. Turn your back on too many rules D. Check the rules about dos and don'ts E. Whatever the presentation, public speaking is tough F .The one thing you don't want is for them to fall asleep G. So trying to force a whole set of rules into it will just make things worse 第三部分英语知识运用(共两节，满分45分) 第一节完形填空(共20小题; 每小题1.5分，满分30分) 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的A.B.C和D四个选项中，选出可以填人空白处的最 佳选项。 At my heaviest I weighed 370 pounds. I had a very poor relationship with food: I used it to 41 bad feelings, to make myself feel better, and to celebrate. Worried about my health, I tried many different kinds of 43 . When I was 50, my weight problem began to affect me of my life with this 45 weight any more. 44 . I didn?t want to live the rest 42 but nothing worked. I came to believe that I could do nothing about my
That year, I
46 a seminar where we were asked to create a project that would touch the 47 story —she had not only 125 pounds, but also raised 49. My goal was to
world. A seminar leader shared her $25,000 for homeless children.
48 by her story, I created the As We Heal(痊愈), the World Heals lose 150 pounds in one year and raise $50,000 50
a movement founded 30 years ago to end
hunger. This combination of healing myself and healing the world 51 me as the perfect solution. 52I began my own personal weight program, I was filled with the fear that I would 53 the same difficulties that beat me before. While the signs that I was headed down the right my project. It worked perfectly. Donations began 54 hung over my head, there were also 56in from hundreds of people. 57z&xxk meals. My fund-raising 55. I sent letters to everyone I knew, telling them about
Of course, I also took some practical steps to lose weight. I consulted with a physician（内科 医生）, I hired a fitness coach, and I began to eat small and focus also gave me new motivation to exercise A year later, I 41.A.add 42.A. diets 43.A. height 45.A.ideal 46.A. attended 47.A. folk 49.A. project 51.A.scared 52.A. As 53.A. get over 54.A.excitmentB. joy 55.A.row 56.A. breaking 57.A. heavy B. full B. hall B. flooding C. jumping C. expense given a second life to devote to something that is B. mix B. drinks B. ability B. extra B. organized B. success B. business B. considered B.Until B. run into 58. 60 and enormous. C. kill C. fruits C. wisdom C. seriously D. secretly D. low D. science D. custom D. in support of D. struck D. put aside D. fear D. street D. healthy D. stepping C. normal C. adventure C. Influenced D. Disturbed C. system C. in place of C. confused C.If C. look for C. anger C. path D. Unless D. share D. dishes D. weight
59 my goal: I lost 150 pounds and raised $50,000! I feel that I?ve been
44.A. temporarily B. recently
C. recommended D. mentioned
48.A. Surprised B. Amused 50.A. in search of B.in need of
58.A. regularly B. limitlessly 59.A. set 60.A. stressful B. reached B. painful
C. suddenly C. meaningful
D. randomly D. dropped D. peaceful
Exercise is other way of keeping fit. Take exercise at least 30 minutes a day is easy! Walking and riding bikes counts, and so do school sports. When you exercise, your body produces some chemicals to make you feel peaceful and relaxing and increase your ability to concentrate on. Enough sleep is also important for your health. It can help prepare you for day to come. 第二节书面表达（满分25分） 假如你是李华，计划和同学去敬老院（nursing home）陪老人们过重阳节（the Double Ninth Festival）。请给外教露西写封邮件，邀她一同前往，内容包括： 1.出发及返回时间； 2.活动：包饺子、表演节目等。 注意： 1.词数100左右； 2.可以适当增加细节，以使行文连贯； 3.结语已为你写好。 Dear Lucy,
第二节（共10小题；每小题1.5分，满分15分） 阅读下面短文，在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。 The origin of tea is lost among history and tales. What can be 61 （rough）confirmed is that the southwest of China is one of its origins. According to ancient stories, the first person 62 （discover）the effects of tea is said to be Shennong-the father of agriculture and herbal 63 （medical）in China. It 64 （say）that Shennong once tried 72 different kinds of poisonous plants in a day and he lay on the ground, barely alive. At this moment, he noticed several rather fragrant leaves 65 （drop）from the tree beside him. Out 66 curiosity and habit, Shennong put the leaves into his mouth and chewed 67 68 （energy）again. 69 slowly. After a little while, he felt well and he picked more leaves to eat, thus clearing his body from poison. 70 （little）, move more swiftly, and see
The ancient Chinese medical book called Shennong's Classic of MateriaMedica states that "Tea tastes bitter. Drinking it, one can think quicker, sleep more clearly." This then was the earliest book to record the medicinal effects of tea. 第四部分写作（共两节，满分35分） 第一节短文改错（共10小题；每小题1分，满分10分） 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文，请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10 处语言错误，每句中最多有两处；学.科网每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧)，并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线（\）划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在该词下面写出修改的词。 注意：1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2.只允许修改10处，多者(从第11处起)不计分。 As a teenager, that is important to give your body the energy it needs. Have meals, and you won?t get enough energy and then you will feel tired. You should ate rice, bread, fruit and vegetables. You also need to drink a lot of water, that will improve your skin and give you healthy hair. 第二部分 阅读理解 26—30DBDCA 31—35 BABDC 36—40 EBCGA 21—25 CBBAC 第三部分 Looking forward to your reply. Yours, Li Hua
2017 年大连市高三第一次模拟考试 英 语 答 案
41—45 CADCB 56—60 BDABC 第二节 语法填空
Yours sincerely Li Hua (Version 2) Dear editor, I’m Li Hua, a senior student in China. I know you are selecting the The Most Qualified Student worldwide. I believe Lin Yang, my classmate, is qualified for this honor. Lin Yang, a boy of 18, is 1.88 meters in height and has an athletic build. He has a wide range of interests and talents and enjoys a great popularity. He stands out among peers mainly for two reasons. First, his academic achievements are so excellent that he always stands on the top list. More importantly, he is a caring and helpful boy. Whoever stays with him will be lit up by his kindness and enthusiasm. Therefore, I am convinced that he deservesthe title and will serve as a good model for others to follow. Yours sincerely, Li Hua
61.roughly 62. to discover 63. medicine 64. is said 66. of 67. them68. energetic69. So 70. less 第四部分 写作
第一节 短文改错 第一句 that 改为 it 第二句 and 改为 or 第三句 ate 改为 eat 第四句 that 改为 which 第五句 other 改为 another 第六句 Take 改为 Taking 第七句 counts 去掉 s 第八句 relaxing 改为 relaxed 第八句去掉 on 第十句 day 前面加 the 第二节 书面表达 (Version 1) Dear Editor, I’m writing to recommend Lin Yang, monitor of our class, as the Most Qualified Student. Lin Yang, 18, is a smart and hardworking boy. He is academically outstanding and has ever won several medals in national science competitions. We all feel proud of him. What impresses us most is that he has a strong sense of social responsibility. He not only serves the class devotedly but also involves himself in some voluntary activities, such as collecting litter and visiting the nursing home. He shines like the sun, warming up all around him. Therefore, I here recommend him to you with all my heart. I would appreciate it if you can take him into consideration. (114)