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# (外研版必修1)高三英语一轮单元复习教案：Module 5 A Lesson in a Lab(2)

（外研版必修 1）高三英语一轮单元复习教案：Module

5 A Lesson in a Lab

① expand vi. 膨胀 vt. 扩大，扩充

(回归课本 P41)When you heat a metal，it expands.[来源:.shulihua.net]

【归纳总结】

expand sth.使……膨胀，扩大

expand on/upon sth.详述，充分叙述

expansion n.扩张，膨胀

① Metals expand when they are heated.

②As children grow older they expand their interests and bee more confident.

③Could you expand on that point，please?

【例句探源】

(1)expand 展开，扩大，不仅指尺寸的增加，还可指范围和体积的扩大。

(2)extend 伸出，延伸，指空间范围的扩大，以及长度、宽度的朝外延伸，也可指时间的延

(4)stretch 伸展，拉长，一般指由曲变直、由短变长的伸展，不是加长。stretch out 躺下，伸

【易混辨析】

①Water expands when it freezes.

②The hot weather extended to October.

③The fire soon spread to the nearby buildings.

④The cat_stretched out in front of the fire.

1．Why not try to________your story into a novel?

A．revise

B．summarise

C．organise

D．expand

【即境活用】

2.Having finished his homework，Tony stood up behind the desk，________himself.

A．expanding

B．extending

C．stretching

② conclusion n． 结论

Conclusion

(回归课本 P4 5)Iron rusts in ordinary water.

draw/e to/arrive at/reach a conclusion 得出结论

bring...to a conclusion 使……结束

in conclusion 最后，作为结论地；总之 [来源:.shulihua.net] conclude v.得出结论；断定，推断出；结束

to conclude 最后

conclude from sth.that 从……中断定

【归纳总结】

①They came to the conclusion that it’s time Chinese football should be regulated.

② In conclusion，I would like to say how much I have enjoyed myself today.

③It was concluded that the level of necessary change would be low.

④I concluded from what they said that they wanted to accept the offer.

【例句探源】

a(n)________that it was practical.

A．decision

B．opinion

C．conclusion

D．impression

conclusion“得出结论”，为固定短语。

【即境活用】

(回归课本 P45)The nails rust in the tube with ordinary water.

out of the ordinary 不寻常的；例外的 [来源:.shulihua.net] in the ordinary way 一般；通常

【归纳总结】

① Jim was not in the ordinary way a romantic，but he decided to bring Mary some roses.

②The new taxes came as a shock to ordinary Americans.

③Nothing out of the ordinary had happened.

④What is ordinary in one country may be very strange in another.

【例句探源】

【易混辨析】

ordinary，mon，usual，normal

(1)ordinary 普通的，平常的，平凡的。强调等级和类属方面普通。有“平庸无奇”之意。

(2)mon 普通的，常见的。强调经常发生，司空见惯，可修饰人或物。也可指共同的、共存

(3)usual 通常的，惯常的，惯例的，强调依照惯例来判断，有“遵循常规”之意。

(4) normal 正常的，合乎标准的。强调在正常情况下应有的。

①Whoever has mon sense knows that smoking is harmful to people’s health.

②Last Sunday，he went to work as usual.

③Free medical treatment in this country covers sick ness of mind as well as ordinary_illness.

④It is known that a person’s normal_temperature is about 36.5℃.

4．I really miss the security of a(n)________pay cheque.

A．ordinary

B．usual

C．mon

D．regular

regular“定期的，固定的”。根据句意“我实在怀念定期领取工资支票的安全感”，可知选 D 项。

【即境活用】

④ react vi. (化学)反应；起作用；起反应

(回归课本 P44)．..it is important to know how they react with different substances...

……要了解它们和不同的物质如何发生反应，这一点很重要……

react to 对……作出反应

react with 与……起(化学)反应

react against 反对；反抗

react on/upon 对……有影响

reaction n.反应

【归纳总结】

① How did he react to your suggestion?

②Children tend to react against their parents by going against their wishes.

③Iron reacts with water and air to produce rust.

④How do acids react on metals?

⑤What was her reaction to the news?

【例句探源】

5．—How did you react________your father’s suggestion?

—I reacted strongly________it.

A．on；to

B．on；with

C．against；with

D．to；against

【即境活用】

(回归课本 P45)Add some oil to the water.This will keep air out of the water.

【归纳总结】

【例句探源】

②Three added to four makes seven.三加四等于七。

③Fireworks added to the attraction of the festival night.

④Add up all the figures and find out what they add up to.

6．The total cost of their trip to America________

\$ 8,000.

7.The engine of the ship was out of order and the bad weather_________the helplessness of the

crew

at sea.

B．resulted from

C．turned out

【即境活用】

⑥ keep...out of 使……进不去；不让……进入；把……挡在外面；避开

(回归课本 P45)This will keep air out of the water.

【归纳总结】

keep after 追赶

sb. from doing sth.阻止某人做某事

①You’d better keep yourself out of other people’s quarrels.

②He begged the police to keep his name out of the papers.

③Please keep the dog out of the study.

【例句探源】

8.I warned Bill to________trouble while I’m away.

A．keep out of

B．keep out

C．keep away

D．keep back

9．________the fire，or your clothes may catch fire.

A．Keep out

B．Keep away

C．Keep to

D．Keep off

【即境活用】

“开始吧！”意思是“开始！”

【归纳总结】

“我可以问你一个问题吗？”“可以，问吧！”

④You go ahead and tell them that we will be there shortly.

【例句探源】

10．(高考四川卷)—May I open the window to let in some fresh air?

—________

A．e on！

B．Take care!

D．Hold on!

care！小心！Hold on！坚持住！。

【即境活用】

11. (高考安徽卷)—Could you be so kind as to close the window?[来源:.shulihua.net.shulihua.net]

—________.

A．With pleasure

D．That’s OK

12.(高考重庆卷)—Honey，let’s go out for dinner.

—________I don’t have to cook.

A．Forget it！

B．That’s great!

C．Why?

⑧ be supposed to do 被期望或被要求(按规则、惯例等)做(某事)

(回归课本 P49)． ..as both are supposed to have good Physics Departments.

……因为两个(大学)都有不错的物理系。

suppose v.假设，假定

It is supposed that...认为

be supposed to do/ be sth.被期望做……/应该

I don’t suppose(that)我以为……不会

I suppose so/not.我想可以/不可以。

be supposed to have done 被认为做过某事；本应当做某事

【归纳总结】

①It was generally supposed that it would not happen again.

②Everybody is supposed to know the law，but few people do.

【例句探源】

④ You were supposed to have e，we had been waiting for you.

⑤Tom was supposed to have stolen the money.

13．—The plane ________arrive at 11∶30，but was almost half an hour late.

—mon practice.

B．was likely to

C．was supposed to

D．was certain to

【即境活用】

14.The message is very important，so it is supposed________as soon as possible.

A．to be sent

B．to send

C．being sent

D．sending

① 【教材原句】 It is hard to think of a world without metals.(P44)

【句法分析】 本句中，it 为形式主语，真正的主语是不定式短语 to think of...，构成 It is/was

It is ＋adj.＋for sb.to do sth.该句式中，作表语的形容词只能说明不定式的行为性质和特点，

impossible，necessary 等。

stupid，foolish，rude，polite，impolite 等。

It is＋no good/use doing sth.

①It is easier to say than to do.说比做容易。

②It is no good playing puter games.玩电脑游戏没有好处。

③It is a shame that he didn’t pass the exam.

④It is said that the tickets have been sold out.

15．(高考大纲全国卷Ⅱ)The doctor thought______would be good for you to have a holiday.

A．this

B．that

C．one

D．it

【即境活用】

16.(高考天津卷)It is obvious to the students______ __they should get well prepared for their

future.

A．as

B．which

C．whether

D．that

________they should get we ll prepared for their future 是主语从句，作真正的主语。这个引导

② 【教材原句】 Here is a table with the metals that react most at the top，and the metals that

react least at the bottom.(P44)

【句法分析】 这是一个倒装句，正常语序是：A table with...is here.

(1)在 there ，here 引导的句子中，谓语是 be，exist 等表示状态的不及物动词时，句子要全

(3)here，there 引导的句子，当主语是代词时，不倒装，且此类句子不用进行时。

①Here are what I want you to do.下面是我想让你做的事情。

②There goes the bus. 公共汽车走了。

③Now es my turn.现在该轮到我了。

17．(高考江苏卷)—Is everyone here?

—Not yet...Look，there________the rest of our guests!

A．e

B．es

C．is ing

D．are ing

of our guests 来判断，B 项和 C 项为第三人称单数形式，可排除；e 用于进行时态表示将来

【即境活用】

18.(高考福建卷)For a moment nothing happened.Then________all shouting together.

B．came voices

C．voices would e

D．did voices e

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