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2012年全国高考英语试题及答案-辽宁卷word版

2012 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(辽宁卷)





本试卷分第一卷(选择题)和第二卷(非选择题)两部分。考试结束后,将本试卷和答题卡一并 交回。

第一卷
注意事项: 1. 答题前,考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在答题卡上。 2. 选出每小题答案后,用铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动,用橡皮擦干净 后,再选其他答案标号,不能答在试卷上,否则无效。 第一部分 听力(共两节,满分 30 分) 做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂 到答题卡上。 第一节 (共 5 小题:每小题 1. 5 分,满分 7. 5 分) 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选 项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一 小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 例;How much is the shirt? A. £19. 15 B. £ 9. 15 C. £9. 18 答案是 B。 1. Where does this conversation probably take place? A. In the bookstore B. In a classroom C. In a library 2. At what time will the film begin? A. 7:20 B. 7:15 C. 7:00 3. What are the two speakers mainly talking about? A. Their friend Jane. B. A weekend trip. C. A radio programme. 4. What will the woman probably do? A. Catch a train. B. See the man off. C. Go shopping. 4. Why did the woman apologize? A. She made a late delivery. B. She went to the wrong place. C. She couldn’t take the cake back. 第二节 (共 15 小题;每小题 1. 5 分,满分 22. 5 分)

听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有几个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选 项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题 5 秒钟,听完后, 各个小题给出 5 秒钟的做答时间。每段对话读两遍。 听第 6 段材料,回答第 6、7 题。 6. Whose CD is broken? A. Kathy’s. B. Mum’s. C. Jack’s. 7. What does the boy promise to do for the girl? A. Buy her a new CD. B. Do some cleaning. C. Give her 10 dollars. 听第 7 段材料,回答第 7、8 题。 8. What did the man think of the meal? A. Just so-so. B. Quite satisfactory. C. A bit disappointing. 9. What was the 15% on the bill paid for? A. The food. B. The drinks. C. The service. 听第 8 段材料,回答第 10 至 12 题。 10. Why is the man at the shop? A. To order a camera for his wife. B. To have a camera repaired. C. To get a camera changed. 11. What colour does the man want? A. Pink. B. Black. C. Orange. 12. What will the man do afterwards? A. Make a phone call. B. Wait until further notice. C. Come again the next day. 听第 9 段材料,回答第 13 至 16 题。 13. What would Joe probably do during the Thanksgiving holiday? A. Go to a play. B. Stay at home. C. Visit Kingston. 14. What is Ariel going to do in Toronto?

A. Attend a party. B. Meet her aunt. C. See a car show. 15. Why is Ariel in a hurry to leave? A. To call up Betty. B. To buy some DVDs. C. To pick up Daniel. 16. What might be the relationship between the speakers? A. Classmates. B. Fellow workers. C. Guide and tourist. 听第 10 段材料,回答第 17 至 20 题。 17. Where does Thomas Manning work? A. In the Guinness Company. B. At a radio station. C. In a museum. 18. Where did the idea of a book of records come from? A. A bird-shopping trip . B. A visit to Europe. C. A television talk show. 19. When did Sir Hugh’s first book of records appear? A. In 1875. B. In 1950. C. In 1955. 20. What are the two speakers going to talk about next? A. More records of unusual facts. B. The founders of the company. C. The oldest person in the world. 第二部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节 单项填空(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂 黑。 例:We last night, but we went to the concert instead. A. must have studied B. might study C. should have studied D. would study 答案是 C 。 21. I woke up with bad headache, yet by evening the pain had gone. A. the; the B. the; an C. a; the D. a; an 22. We used to see each other , but I haven’t head from him since last year. A. especially B. regularly C. particularly D. approximately 23. — I’m terribly sorry to interrupt, but may I use your phone? It’s rather urgent. — Yes, . A. with pleasure B. no burry

C. it doesn’t matter D. of course 24. One of our rules is that every student wear school uniform while at school. A. might B. could C. shall D. will 25. The old couple often take a walk after supper in the park with their pet dog them. A. to follow B. following C. followed D. follows 26. Rod loves clocks. However, he never manages to put them together again. A. taking apart B. giving away C. making up D. turning off 27. The Well Hotel stands in a quiet place the main road at the far end of the lake. A. to B. for C. off D. out 28. If you’re buying today’s paper from the stand, could you get for me? A. one B. such C. this D. that 29. This machine is very easy . Anybody can learn to use it in a few minutes. A. operating B. to be operating C. operated D. to operate 30. Leave your key with your neighbor you lock yourself out one day. A. as long as B. even though C. in case D. as if 31. I feel so excited! At this time tomorrow morning I to Shanghai. A. will be flying B. will fly C. have been flying D. have flown 32. Not until he retired from teaching three years ago having a holiday abroad. A. he had considered B. had he considered C. he considered D. did he consider

33. Jack is a great talker. A. will do

It’s high time that he B. has done

C. do

something instead of just talking. D. did he could find

34. The newcomer went to the library the other day and searched for about Mark Twain. A. wherever B. however C. whatever D. whichever

35. Mum, I was wondering if you could lend me a few dollars until I on Friday. A. get paid B. got paid C. have paid D. had been paid

第二节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1. 5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、D)中,选出可以填入空白处的 最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 When Glen Kruger picked a small cat from an animal shelter, he did not expect much. Yet right from the start, eight years ago, there was an uncommon connection between him and the small black cat. He 36 her Inky. “ I grew up on a hundred-acre farm and had only cats 37 playmates,”Kruger, The seventy-year-old man,says. “My hearing was damaged by the 38 of farm equipment , so I

learned to connect with 39 . They react to what they see and what you do. ” Inky was a gentle cat, 40 the house with five other cats. But on a January night in 2009, Inky did 41 that would set her apart from 42 cats forever. Kruger had gone down to the basement to 43 the wood stove for the night. When he was finished, he 44 to the top of the stairs and reached to turn off the lights. In doing so , he slipped and 45 his back against an old shelf. The heavy shelf came crashing down and sent Kruger down the stairs. 46 in a pool of blood on the basement floor, Kruger felt 47 going into shock(休克). He shouted for help , 48 bedroom at the opposite end of the house. top of the stairs. 49 his wife, Brenda , was asleep in their Kruger noticed Inky watching from the

“Go get Brenda, ” Kruger said to Inky. Inky 50 to the bedroom door and scratched 51 Then Inky led her to the 52 Brenda found her husband

until Brenda opened it. 53 the stairs and

called 911. Kruger was rushed to the hospital. “I spent six months 54 therd,” Says Kruger . “Although I became lame , I was blessed. ” Sine the accident, Inky has 55 Left Kruger’s side. 36. A. gave B. chose C. named D. remembered 37. A. like B. as C. except D. among 38. A. sound B. alarm C. noise D. voice 39. A. animals B. friends C. farmers D. neighbors

40. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. 50. 51. 52. 53. of 54. 55.

A. sharing B. visiting C. dividing D. discovering A. anything B. nothing C. something D. everything A. familiar B. lovely C. ordinary D. outstanding A. shut out B. shut off C. shut down D. shut up A. marched B. flew C. struggled D. climbed A. bent B. hit C. shook D. pulled A. Falling B. Lying C. Appearing D. Thinking A. it B. itself C. him D. himself A. and B. but C. or D. so A. Thus B. Otherwise C. Then D. Rather . A. walked B. ran C. returned D. withdrew . A. rapidly B. suddenly C. madly D. urgently . A. bedroom B. basement C yard D. house A. at the bottom of B. in the middle of C. . at the top of A. regretting A. never B. resting B. ever C. relaxing C. still

. . . . . . .

D. in the front

D. recovering D. already

第三部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节 (共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将

该项涂黑。 A Mini Book Excerpts(节选) Biography When Salinger learned that a car park was to be built on the land, the middle-aged writer was shocked and quickly bought the neighboring area to protect it? The townspeople never forgot the rescue and came to help their most famous neighbor. J. D. Salinger:A Life by Kenneth Slawenski(Random House,$27)Mystery(疑案小说) “You’re a smart boy. Benny’s death was no accident, and you’re the only who saw it happen. Do you think the murderer should get away with it ? ”The boy was starting stubbornly at his lap again. A thought suddenly occurred to Annika,“Did you ?You recognized the man in the car, didn’t you?” The boy hesitated, twisting his fingers,“Maybe,”he said quietly. Red Wolf by Liza Marklund(Atria Books, $25. 99) Short Stories She wants to say to him what she has learned, none of it in class. Some women are born stupid,and some women are too smart for their own good. Some women are born to give , and some women only know how to take. Some women learn who they want to be from their mothers, some who they don’t want to be. Some mothers suffer so their daughters won’t. Some mothers love so their daughters won’t. You Are Free by Danzy Senna (Riverhead Books,$15) Humor Do your kids like to have fun? Come to Fun Times! Do you like to watch your kids having fun? Bring them to Fun Times! Fun Times!’s “amusement cycling”is the most fun you can have, legally, in the United States right now. Why spend thousands of dollars flying to Disney World when you can spent less than half to that within a day’s drive in most cities? Happy And Other Bad Thoughts by Larry Doyle(Ecco,$14. 99)

56. If the readers want to know about the life of Salinger , they should buy the book published by . A. Ecco B. Atria Books C. Riverhead Books D. Random House 57. The book Happy: And Other Bad Thoughts is intended for . A. young children B. Disney World workers C. middle school teachers D. parents with young children

58. Which book describes women with characters of their own? A. Happy And Other Bad Thoughts B. J. D. Salinger: A Life C. You Are Free D. Red Wolf 59. After finishing the book Red Wolf, the readers would learn that A. the boy helped arrest the murderer B. Benny died of an accident C. the murderer got away with the crime D. Annika carried out the crime B Astronauts on shorter shuttle missions(使命)often work very long days. Tasks are scheduled so tightly that break times are often used to finish the day’s work. This type of schedule is far too demanding for long missions on the International Space Station ISS) ISS crewmembers usually live in ( . space for at least a quarter of a year. They work five days on and two days off to mimic the normal way they do things on Earth as much as possible. Weekends give the crew valuable. Weekends give the crew valuable time to rest and do a few hours of housework. They can communicate with family and friends by email , internet phone and through Private video conferences. While astronauts cannot go to a baseball game or a movie in orbit, there are many familiar activities that they can still enjoy. Before a mission, the family and friends of each ISS crewmember put together a collection of family photos, messages, videos and reading material for the astronauts to look at when they will be floating 370 kilometers above the Earth. During their mission, the crew also receives care packages with CDs, books, magazines, photos and letters. And as from early 2010, the internet became available on the ISS , giving astronauts the chance to do some “web surfing (冲浪) ” in their personal time. Besides relaxing with these more common entertainments, astronauts can simply enjoy the experience of living in space. Many astronauts say that one of the most relaxing things to do in space is to look out the window and stare at the universe and the Earth’s vast land mass and oceans. 60. What does the word “mimic”in Paragraph 1 probably mean? A. Find B. Copy C. Change D. Lose 61. Which of the following best describes the families of the astronauts on the ISS ? A. The are caring and thoughtful B. The are impatient and annoyed C. The are impatient and annoyed. D. The are excited and curious. .

62. In the final paragraph, the author shows that astronauts A. get more pleasure in space than on the Earth B. find living in space a bit boring and tiring C. regard space life as common D. love to see the Earth from space 63. The passage mainly discusses how astronauts . A. work for longer missions in space B. connect with people on the Earth C. observe the Earth from space D. spend their free time in space C

.

If Confucius(孔子)were still alive today and could celebrate his September 28 birthday with a big cake, there would be a lot of candles. He’d need a fan or a strong wind to help him put them out. While many people in China will remember Confucius on his special day, few people in the United States will give him a passing thought. It’s nothing personal. Most Americans don’t even remember the birthdays of their own national heroes. But this doesn’t mean that Americans don’t care about Confucius. In many ways he has become a bridge that foreigners must cross if they want to reach a deeper understanding of China. In the past two decades, the Chinese studies programs have gained huge popularity in Western universities. More recently, the Chinese government has set up Confucius Institutes in more than 80 countries. These schools teach both Chinese language and culture. The main courses of Chinese culture usually included Chinese art, history and philosophy(哲学). Some social scientists suggest that Westerners should take advantages of the ancient Chinese wisdom to make up for the drawbacks of Westerners philosophy. Students in the United States, at the same time, are racing to learn Chinese. So they will be ready for life in a world where China is an equal power with the United States. Businessmen who hope to make money in China are reading books about Confucius to understand their Chinese customers. So the old thinker’s ideas are still alive and well. Today China attracts the West more than ever, and it will need more teachers to introduce Confucius and Chinese culture to the West. As for the old thinker, he will not soon be forgotten by people in the West, even if his birthday is. 64. The opening paragraph is mainly intended to ________ A. . provide some key facts about Confucius B. attract the readers’ interest in the subject C. show great respect for the ancient thinker D. prove the popularity of modern birthday celebrations 65. We can learn from Paragraph 4 that American students______ A. have a great interest in studying Chinese B. take an active part in Chinese competitions C. try to get high scores in Chinese exams D. fight for a chance to learn Chinese 66. What is the best title for the passage? A. Forgotten Wisdom in America B. Huge Fans of the Chinese Language

C. Chinese Culture for Westerners D. Old Thinker with a Big Future 67. The passage is likely to appear in ___________. A. a biography B. a history paper C. a newspaper D. a philosophy textbook D Inside the pleasingly fragrant cafe, So All May Eat(SAME) in downtown Denver ,the spirit of generosity( 慷 慨 )is instantly noticeable :A donation box stands in place of a cash register. Customers here pay only wh at they can afford, no questions asked. A risky business plan, perhaps, but SAME Café has done one unc hangeable thing in the Mile High City for six years: Open only at midday, the restaurant provides poor lo cal can instead volunteer as waiters and waitresses, and dishwashers, or took after the buildings and eq uipment for the cafe. “It’s based on trust, and it’s working all right” , says co-owner Brad Birky , who started the café in 2006. With his wife Libby. Previously volunteering at soup kitchens, the Birkys were dissatisfied with the often unhealthy meals they served there. “We wanted to offer quality food in a restaurant where everyone fe lt comfortable ,regardless of their circumstances,” Birky says. SAME’s special lunch menu changes daily and most food materials are natural and grown by local farmers. The café now averages 65 to 70 custo mers (and eight volunteers) a day. And the spirit of generosity behind the project appears to be spreadi ng. In early 2007,one volunteer who had cleared snow for his meals during the long winter said goodby e to the Birkys,” He said he was going to New Orleans to help with the hurricane clear up,” says Birky. 68 .What can we learn about the soup kitchens the Birkys previously worked for? 68. What can we learn about the soup kitchens the Birkys prcviously worked for? A. . They refused to have volunteers. B. They offered low quality food. C. They provided customers with a good environment. D. They closed down because of poor management. 69. According to the passage, which of the following is TRUE? A. . The customers who cannot pay can word as volunteers in stead. B. More volunteers will go to new Orleans for the hurricane cleanup. C. Many new cafes will be opened to offer free lunches in the town. D. The lunch menu has remained the same since the café was started. 70. The author’s attitude towards running such a café is_______ A. unfavorable B. approving C. doubtful D. cautious 第二节(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 根据短文内容, 从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项, 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 选项中有两项为多余选项。 How to Make Friends

Friendship is a very important human relationship and everyone needs good friends. Good friendship has many benefits. It offers companionship, improves self-worth and promotes good health. There are times in our lives such as when we have recently moved into a new town, or changed our jobs or schools. Such changes often leaves us without a friend 71 . But for many of us the process is difficult and requires courage. Below are some helpful suggestions on how to make and keep friends. 1. Associate with others. The first step to making friends is associating with other people. You can go to public places to meet new people. Besides, you will need to make yourself known by becoming an active member of such places. 2. Start a conversation Starting a conversation is the second most important step in making new friends. 72 You can always start the conversation. Being able to make small talk is a very useful skill in relating with other people. 3. 73 Choosing friends with common interests is important in building friendship as these interests would always bring you and your friend together, Hanging out will always be a pleasant experience. 4. Let it grow. It is a good thing to stay in touch. However, try not to press your new friend with calls, messages or visits as this would likely wear him or her out and finally you may lose your friend. 74 . The best friendships are the ones that grow naturally. 5. Enjoy your friendship The best way to enjoy your friendship is to allow your friends to be themselves. 75 Try not to change them from who they are to what you want them to be. Become the kind of friend you will want your friend to be to you. A. Be cheerful. B. Do things together. C. Do not wait to be spoken to. D. Try not to find fault with your friends. E. Making new friends comes easy for some people. F. For a friendship to develop you need to stay in touch. G. So you will need to give your friend time to react to you.

第二卷 注意:将答案写在答题卡上,写在本试卷上无效。 第四部分——写作(共两节,满分 35 分) 第一节 短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 假定英主事课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请您修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有 10 处语文错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号() ,并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜钱(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意: 1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2.只充许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 Dear Dianna,

Thank you for the lovely day we have with you. It was so kind for you to let us bring Anne’s friend,

Gina. Unfortunate, the only problem was the journey home, there had been a terrible accident on the

highway and, for a result, there was a long line of traffic for at least six mile. In the end, we drove to a

service station and waited there unless the road was clear. In the car park here Gina nearly got knocked

over as car drove out far too quickly from behind a lorry. They finally dropped Gina off at her parents’

and made our own way to home.

第二节 书面表达(满分 25 分) 假定你是某中学的学生李华。请用英语给出版社会的编辑写封信,表达你对现在使用的英语材料 的看法,内容主要包括: 优点:1. 话题广泛; 2 图片丰富; 3 有助于提高 学习兴趣。 建议“适当降低词汇难度。 注意: 1. 词数 100 左右; 2. 可以适当增加细节,以使用文连贯; 3. 开头语已您写好,不讲总词数。


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