2012-2013 学年高一 12 月月考英语试题
第一部分 I、听力（共两节，满分 30 分） 第一节（每段对话仅读一遍；共 5 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 7.5 分） 请听下面 5 段小对话，选出最佳选项。 1. What does the woman mean? A. She doesn’t know Mike. B. Mike is no longer her good friend. C. Mike is now her good friend. 2. Why is the woman worried? A. She can’t find her child. B. She lost her cellphone. C. She missed her bus. 3. What will the woman do? A. She will help put out the fire. B. She will look for a doctor. C. She will call the police. 4. When was the piano bought? A. Last month. B. Last year. C. Last week. 5. Why won’t the two speakers go to the film? A. It is going to rain. B. The film is not interesting. C. The woman is too tired. 第二节 (每段对话读两遍；共 15 小题; 每小题 1.5 分，满分 22.5 分) 请听下面 5 段对话或独白，选出最佳选项。 请听第 6 段材料，回答第 6、7 题。 6. Where are the two speakers? A. At the railway station. B. At a hotel. C. In an office. 7. What does the man want to do? A. He wants to have a talk with the woman. B. He wants to sit for a rest. C. He wants to buy some fruit. 请听第 7 段材料，回答第 8 至 10 题。 8. Where is the woman going? A. Her office. B. Her school. C. The airport. 9. What is the woman worried about?
A. That she will be late for school. B. That she will miss her plane. C. That she won’t be able to catch her train. 10. When does the driver think they will get there? A. At about 9:50. B. At about 10:15. C. At about 9:45. 请听第 8 段材料，回答第 11 至 13 题。 11. What did the two speakers do yesterday afternoon? A. They went to see a film. B. They had a football match. C. They watched a football match. 12. What happened to the woman yesterday afternoon? A. She fell off her bike. 13.When did the match begin? A. At 3:00 pm. B. At 2:30 pm. C. At 3:20pm. 请听第 9 段材料，回答第 14 至 16 题。 14. What’s the possible relationship between the two speakers? A. Husband and wife. A. Mr Green. A. Her sister. B. Doctor and patient. B. Mr Smith. B. Her brother. C. Friends. C. Mrs Smith. C. Her husband. 15. Who is going to have a birthday party? 16. Whom will the woman go to the party with? 请听第 10 段材料，回答第 17 至 20 题。 17. What does Santa Claus(圣诞老人) do on Christmas Eve? A. He gives money to poor people. B. He brings gifts to children. C. He helps people with their housework. 18. How is Santa Claus usually dressed? A. In red. A. He lived in Britain. B. He was from a poor family. C. He wanted to help poor people. 20. Why did Nicholas climb onto the roof (屋顶) to give money to poor people? A. He didn’t want people to know about it. B. His father didn’t want him to help others. C. He wanted to show his ability to fly. B. In black. C. In white. 19. What do we know about Saint Nicholas? B. She lost her bike. C. She hurt her arms.
Ⅱ 、单项选择（每小题 1 分，共 15 分） 21．—Congratulations passing your driving test! —Thank you. A．at B．on C．from D．In 22．Don’t leave Tom alone－he is in such a large house. A．frightening B．to frighten C．frightened D．Frighten 23．—What’s the matter? —My leg when I try to move it. A．damages B．destroys C．hurts D．Injuries 24． Soon after the quakes， thousand soldiers were sent out to one the miners from the local coal mine. A．shelter B．rescue C．bury D．injure 25．The Sound of Music is the first English film I have ever seen. A．which B．that C．when D．what 26．Three quarters of some children’s spare time wasted watching TV － that can explain why they are lazy. A．are B．is C．being D．/ 27．— large number of trees have been stolen from the forest，haven’t they? —Yes. number of them is 26,000. A．The；The B．A；The C．A；A D．The；/ 28． It_____everyone to hear all of the villagers behind the mountain were killed in the earthquake. A．suffered B．shocked C．persuaded D．destroyed 29. ____ they visited our school, they showed great interest in everything they saw. A. The first time B. For the first time C. At first D. At the first time 30. Only when he reached the tea-house ______it was the same place he’d been in last year. A. he realized B. he did realize C. realized he D. did he realize 31. It’s helpful to put children in a situation _____ they can see themselves differently. A. that B. when C. which D. where 32. The kind lady devoted all her life to _____ those homeless children. A. help B. helping C. be helping D. being helped
33. A lot of praises have come from those _____ patients because they are getting
better after taking the medicine. A. peaceful B. hopeful C. successful D. grateful
34. A large number of people are _____, and how can the local government ignore the problem? A. at work B. in work C. out of work D. after work
35．—I have to go home now. Daddy and Mummy must be waiting for me. —OK. . A．Take it easy B．Come on C．You’re welcome D．See you Ⅲ 、完形填空(共 20 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 20 分) 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中，选出可以 填入空白处的最佳选项。 Lena Horne was born in Brooklyn，New York in 1917.Her mother was away for much of her 36 .So her grandmother helped raise her. At the age of sixteen， Lena 37 work as a dancer at the famous Cotton Club in New York City.After 38 voice lessons，she soon began performing there as a singer too.At the age of nineteen， Lena moved to Pittsburgh and 39 Louis Jones， who was an actor. 40 ，their life together did not last long.But they had two 41 ，Gail and Edwin. In 1940， Lena Horne became the first African American to travel and 42 with an all white jazz band.She 43 made records and performed at New York City’s CaféSociety jazz club.This was the first nightclub in the United States 44 racial barriers (隔阂).Many jazz clubs during this period had 45 performers，but few allowed them to watch the 46 as part of the audience. Lena Horne became very 47 .After performing at a club in Hollywood， California， she 48 filmmakers.So with the help of some filmmakers， soon 49 she making movies.Lena Horne said that she was able to make movies 50 she was the kind of black person that white people could accept.But she said this was the 51 kind of acceptance.It was because of the way she 52 ，not because of how good she was or how hard she worked. However，through her hard work，she helped 53 racial barriers.During her sixty year career as a performer， Lena Horne earned people’s 54 and respect.She used her fame to 55 social injustices(不公正)toward African?Americans. 36．A.dream B．performance C．life D．childhood 37．A.disliked B．found C．lost D．wanted 38．A.taking B．giving C．making D．designing 39．A.saw B．changed C．surprised D．married 40．A.Excitingly B．Amazingly C．Unfortunately D．Happily 41．A.relatives B．children C．friends D．parents 42．A. stay B．play C．perform D．communicate 43．A.always B．hardly C．never D．also 44．A. for B．with C．without D．on
45．A. black B．yellow C．brown D．white 46．A. shows B．dances C.activities D．people 47．A.popular B．hard-working C．happy D．interesting 48．A.took care of B．looked down upon C．got away from D．caught the attention of 49．A.stopped B．preferred C.began D．enjoyed 50．A. because B．so C．though D．if 51．A. fastest B．worst C．best D．biggest 52．A.served B．sang C．looked D．acted 53．A. break B．protect C．exchange D．show 54．A.hate B．service C．pity D．love 55．A.hide B．fight C．make D．experience Ⅳ 、阅读理解(共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分) 第一节：阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中，选出最 佳选项。 A How would you like to learn more without having to study more？Here’s how： 1．Get to bed and go to sleep.Your performance，attention，and the ability to concentrate are damaged by lack of sleep.Teenagers need nine to ten hours of sleep a night for best performance. 2．Feed your head.The brain runs badly if it doesn’t get enough fuel.That means protein(蛋白质)and complex carbs (复合碳水化合物)－eggs and wheat bread for breakfast，say，rather than sugary cereal(含糖的麦片粥)and orange juice.The biggest mistake teens make is not to have breakfast or to go for sugar，which raises blood sugar levels. 3 ． Body exercise is brain exercise.Body exercise really improves brain performance，perhaps because it increases blood flow，or perhaps because it reduces stress and anxiety(焦虑).Twenty minutes of activity a day that raises your heart rate will do great good. 4．Learn now what you want to remember for the rest of your life.Teenage brains are much better at remembering things than the brains of young children or adults.Scientists aren’t sure why.Whatever the reason， teenage years are the time the to learn new languages and master other lifelong skills. 5．Learn the power of risk taking.Adults are always worried about the downside of teenage risk?taking ，and it’s true that teenagers are more likely than adults to get themselves in trouble by drinking and driving.But the fact that the parts of the brain that drive people to try new，risky，and exciting things appear to be more developed in teenagers can be a huge advantage.Pick certain challenges－difficult sports，a hard job，mastering a performance art，traveling overseas－and the teenage brain is able to deal with them.They have this power they’re given to go out and do it without fear. 6．Learn what you love.Because emotional(情感的)systems develop fast in teenager brains，teenagers learn things they’re interested in quickly and well.Their brains give them tools like attention on the project.
56．According to the passage，teenagers should have for breakfast. A． wheat bread and eggs B．sugar and orange juice C．sugar and bread D．wheat bread and orange juice 57．Body exercise plays a part in all the following EXCEPT . A．making people less anxious B．raising heart rate C． reducing blood pressure D．reducing stress 58．The underlined word “downside” in the passage probably means A．excitement B．disadvantage C．benefit D．power 59．It can be learned from the passage that . A． teenagers learn quickly when they are fond of something B．teenagers should be forbidden to drive C．scientists know why teenagers have a good memory D．teenagers need less sleep than adults
B It has always been said that women are not good drivers, because they simply don’t have very good driving ability. On the other hand, most car accidents happen to men; very few happen to women. From this, we can see that women are much more careful while driving. Another very interesting fact that we should point out is that in the past, women preferred to let their husbands be the only driver in the family rather than have a driving license. Somehow they were prevented from making this step in their lives, but nowadays there are many women that want to pass their driving tests from an early age. However, we have to admit that men are more skillful drivers than women, but this does not mean that a woman cannot become a good driver by accumulating(积 累) experience. So more and more teenagers and women around the age of thirty now want to pass their driving tests. While taking their driving lessons, they also have a number of special lessons with their parents or somebody in the family that has a driving license, this is just to improve their driving abilities and help them to pass the tests more easily. To conclude, we can say that women are not such bad drivers. They just need more experience than men in order to be able to drive well. And on the other hand, there are a number of women that show better driving skills than the men around them. 60. Compared with the past, nowadays many women ______. A. have more accidents while driving B. prefer to have a driving license C. are somehow prevented from driving D. are the only driver in the family 61. What can we infer from the passage? A. Teenage girls cannot take driving tests. B. Men didn’t allow women to drive in the past. C. Women can easily pass their tests by taking driving lessons. D. With enough experience, women can become good drivers.
62. The passage mainly talks about ______. A. why men are better drivers than women B. men and their driving ability C. women and their driving ability D. why more women like to have a driving license C Microsoft founder Bill Gates said that he planned to give away almost all of his fortune(财富)，largely to the cause of global health，during the course of his lifetime.With an estimated(估计)worth of more than $40 billion， according to Forbes， the project will be no small fate(功绩) for Gates.Having already provided the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation with $24 billion to address global health issues，Gates said that finally his entire fortune will be put towards the cause except “a few percent left for the kids”. So what has made the richest man in the world to channel his resources so heavily into one interest？Gates believes that “the equality of opportunity（机 会）”in which Americans take such pride needs to extend to other nations around the world. Improving the health of the populations， says， proven to be an essential he has method in helping poor countries to be financially successful.“National borders allow inequalities，”said Gates.“We all need to take a more global view，rather than just saying my country is doing well.We have to step up these health issues， knowing how few resources are going into them.” Gates said that both his parents set up an example for him as a child.His father， William H．Gates，was the head of the local Planned Parenthood，and his mother， Mary，volunteered for the United Way.As he gathered his fortune，Gates knew he would finally want to give back as well，but he didn’t expect to devote himself whole?heartedly to one project until he was about 60. However，Gates,47，began to question his ability to wait that long.“It seemed there was a real time urgency，”Gates said.“I started to think how many lives I could save before then.” 63．Bill Gates will give away his vast fortune to . A．improve the health of population all over the world B．improve the health of population in America alone C．avoid leaving his children too much money D．spare the American government the burden of health care 64 ． Bill Gates believes that one important way of developing poor countries is . A．to set up more foundations for them B．to help them with natural resources C．to put more efforts into the health issues in them D．to help them take a more global view 65．It can be learned from the passage that Bill Gates thinks . A．Americans can be world?famous by giving away vast fortune B．Americans should treat fellow citizens well C．Americans should devote themselves to certain projects
D．Americans should care about people in other countries 第二节：任务型阅读：阅读下面的短文并从方框中的 A-F 中为每段文字选出最 佳标题，并将答案写在答题卷上。其中有一项选择是多余的。 （共 5 小题，每小 题 2 分，满分 10 分） A. Take some time to speak English B. Join an English club C. Have a mirror on the wall D. Keep it short and simple E. Listen to good English speakers F. Practice with peers or family Here are some tips to improve your spoken English. 66. Whatever you have learnt or read in a day, practice in front of the mirror. For a start, you can read something from newspapers, English magazines, and books. Take a passage and read it aloud. After you think your accent has improved, try reciting a poem in front of the mirror. This will increase your confidence as well. 67. Talk to your family members and friends in English. You can also organize debates and speeches on a low level, where everyone in your family or friend circle speaks on one topic for a few minutes. It will help you get over the fear of making mistakes, as you will be with your friends and family—your comfort zone. 68. Listen to people who you think are good English speakers. It will help you catch the skill better. You can also watch their videos, listen to them online, or even in person. It can be anyone from Barack Obama to your teacher in school. Find every opportunity to speak English. 69. You will meet people like you there and it will help you realize that you are not the only person who isn’t good at this subject. Also meeting different people will help you overcome your complex. You can also join coaching classes, which will provide you professional help in learning spoken English. 70. Nothing is more beautiful than simplicity. So, instead of using an ambiguous(含 糊不清的) language with tough words, go for simple words. Learning any new language is difficult and English is no exception. Start simple and go with the flow. With time, you would learn bigger words too. 第二部分 I. 单词拼写（每小题 1 分，共 5 分，形式错不给分） 。 1.As everybody knows, a big e__________ happened in Yushu, China, on April,14. 2. This is one of the most important __________ (大事)in the history of mankind. 3. It was a prison from which no one can e______.
4. The People’s Republic of China was f____________ in 1949. 5. It was to realize our dream of making black and white people e______. Ⅱ.完成句子（每题 1 分，共 5 分，形式错不给分） 6. After the hurricane ,the whole city lay ________ ________. 飓风过后，整个城市成了废墟。 7.For a period of time he felt helpless and ______ ______. 有那么一段时间，他觉得很无助而且失去信心。 . 8. The war _ . People cheered and jumped with joy. 战争结束了，人们欢呼雀跃起来。 9. ________ _________ __________， you should go there by yourself. 依我看来，你应该自己去。 10.He pretends to be making comment on the drawings,，but ______ _____ __________ ______ __________, he knows nothing about art. 他假装正在对绘画作评论，但是事实上，他对艺术一窍不通。 第三部分：写作 （15 分） Mandela 1918 年出生于南非。他是一位伟大的黑人领袖，他为黑人们的平等 权利奉献了一生。在 1952 年他建立律师所，在那里很多穷黑人向他求助。他曾 和平地攻击法律，但不被允许。只到那时，他才决定要以暴制暴。因此他被捕入 狱.他获得 1993 年诺贝尔和平奖的原因是他从未放弃为黑人的平等斗争。他一直 活跃于社会活动中。他实现了他的梦想—使黑人和白人一样平等。 这就是 Mandela,一个勇敢、有决心、无私奉献的英雄。
听力材料： (Text 1) M: Do you know Mike very well, Mary? W: Yes, I do. We used to be good friends, but now we don’t even talk to each other. (Text 2) M: You seem to be worried. What’s the matter with you, Susan? W: I lost my cellphone, and I can’t find it anywhere. (Text 3) M: Look, the house is on fire. W: You go to help them put out the fire. I will call the police. (Text 4) M: What a nice piano! How wonderful! W: Yes, it is. My father bought it for me last week. And I like it very much. (Text 5) M: Look, the dark clouds are gathering! And it gets dark all of a sudden. There must be a heavy rain. Let’s hurry up, or we will be caught in the rain. W: Oh, dear, let’s go back home. I don’t want to be caught in the rain. Besides, I don’t like the film at all. M: But we have already bought the tickets for the film. W: Don’t think about it. Just throw them away. (Text 6) M: Excuse me, is this seat taken? W: Yes, it is. My friend has just gone off to buy some fruit. And this is her suitcase. M: Can I sit here for just a little while? I’m so tired, you see. W: Yes, please. Our train is leaving soon. And we are going to get on the train as soon as my friend comes back. M: Thank you very much. You are very kind. W: You are welcome. (Text 7) W: Hi, taxi! M: Can I help you? W: Yes. I’d like to go to the airport, please. M: Well, just get in and sit down. Here, let’s go. W: Could you please drive a little faster? I’m taking the 10:15 plane to Washington. M: I’m sorry, but it’s not allowed. Don’t you see the police by the roadside? W: I’m afraid that I will be late for my plane. M: Take it easy. You see, it is still 9:15. W: How long is it from here to the airport? M: I’m not sure exactly. But I’m sure I can get there in half an hour. W: That would be fine. I hope I won’t be late. (Text 8) W: How did you find the football match yesterday afternoon? M: Very exciting. The two teams both did very well in the match and it was really a close game.
W: I liked it very much too. But I missed the first part of the match. M: What for? W: Someone knocked into my bike on the way and I fell off my bike. M: Did you hurt yourself? W: Yes, I hurt my left leg and it hurt a lot. So I couldn’t ride my bike. I had to walk slowly. M: How late were you for the match? W: When I got to the sports field, it was already three twenty. M: Oh, you were twenty minutes late. W: Yeah. It was really a pity. (Text 9) W: 5551586. This is Mrs. Smith speaking. M: Hello, may I speak to Mr. Smith please? W: I’m sorry he has just gone out. Could you please leave a message? M: Yes. This is Mr. Green. Tomorrow is my birthday. I’d like to invite him to my birthday party. Please tell your husband to come to my birthday party tomorrow evening at the Friendship Hotel. W: By the way, when will the party begin? M: At seven thirty. Er, I’d like you to come to my party too. So do come with your husband. W: Yes, I will. And I will tell my husband about it as soon as he gets home this afternoon. (Text 10) You may like the fat, happy man who brings presents to kids on Christmas Eve. But do you know why he’s called Santa Claus and why he is dressed in red? The history of Santa Claus begins in the 4th century with a man called Saint Nicholas. Saint Nicholas lived in Myra, which is now called Turkey. He came from a rich family, but he felt sorry for poor people and decided to give them all his money. Nicholas, though, was shy and didn’t want people to know he gave them money. So he climbed onto the roofs of houses on Christmas Eve and dropped bags of money down their chimneys. He wore red clothes when he did this. Nicholas died in 340 AD.