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2006年英语专业四级单选及答案详解

2006 年 51. __dull he may be, he is certainly a very successful top executive. A Although B whatever C As D However

正确答案为 D). however 引导的让步状语从句,意思是无论(怎么样),从句需要倒装,即 However+adj/adv+主+谓. However dull he may be=Dull as he may be. although 和 as 引导让步 状语从句,指”尽管”, whatever 用来引导名词从句,意思是: 无论什么. 句意: 无论他多么地令 人感到乏味.他还是一位非常成功的顶级行政人员.

52. If only I __play the guitar as well as you! A would B could C should D might

正确答案为 B). could 表示能够,是一种能力. If only 引导的虚拟语气,表示”要是….该多好啊!”. 句意: 要是我能像你那样把吉他弹得那么好该多好啊!

53. The party, __I was the guest of honour, was extremely enjoyable. A by which B for which C to which D at which

正确答案为 D). at which. 先行词 the party 作介词 at 的宾语. 即 I was the guest of honor at the party. 关系代词指代 the party.

54 It's high time we __ cutting down the rainforests. A stopped B had to stop C shall stop D stop

正确答案为 A). stopped. It is (high) time 的意思是到了做…的时候了. 从句中一般用过去时构 成虚拟语气. 此句型为历年专四考试常考句型.

55 The student said there were a few points in the essay he __ impossible to comprehend.
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A has found

B was finding

C had found

D would find

正确答案为 C). had found. 考察定语从句的时态. 定语从句中的”找到问题”这一动作发生先 于主句动词 said,所以用 had found 构成过去完成时.

56 Loudspeakers were fixed in the hall so that everyone__ an opportunity to hear the speech. A ought to have B must have C may have D should have

正确答案为 C). may. so that 引导目的状语从句,表示为了让每个人都有机会听到讲座. 其他选 项均不符合题意. ought to have done=should have done 本应该做而实际未做. must have done 表示对过去的肯定猜测.

57 I am surprised__ this city is a dull place to live in. A that you should think C that you would think B by what you are thinking D with what you were thinking

正确答案为 A). 本句中 should 表示惊讶语气, 故不能省略. 句意:你居然会认为在这个城市 居住是很无聊的,这点让我很惊讶.

58 Susan is very hardworking, but her pay is not__ for her work. A enough good C as good enough B good enough D good as enough

正确答案为 B). enough 修饰形容词副词时需要后置, 且不能和 as 结构连用.

59 It is imperative that the government __ more investment into the shipbuilding industry. A attracts B shall attract C attract D has to

正确答案为 C). attract 考核的是虚拟语气的用法. It is imperative that sb (should)+do/V, should

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可以省略. 该句型在专四考试中极为常见. 句意:当务之急是征服应该吸引更多投资到造船 业.

60 Land belongs to the city; there is __ thing as private ownership of land. A no such a B not such C not such a D no such

正确答案为 D). no such. There is no such (a) thing as…固定用法. 意思是: It is impossible to …. 没有…. e.g. There is no such a thing as free lunch. 天下没有免费的午餐.

61 My daughter has walked eight miles today. We never guessed that she could walk__ far. A/ B such C that D as

正确答案为 C). that=so. 那么,如此. The weather today is not that cold as is reported.

62 The statistics __ that living standards in the area have improved drastically in recent times. A proves B is proving C are proving D prove

正确答案为 D). prove. statistics 表示数字数据时谓语动词用复数. The statistics prove/show that…,这里表示的是一种客观状态,没有明显时态标志,所以用一般时态.

63 There are only ten apples left in the baskets, __ the spoilt ones. A not counting C don't count B not to count D having not counted

正确答案为 A). not counting. 伴随状语. 表示不把…计算在内.=not including.

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64 It was __ we had hoped A more a success than C as much of a success as B a success more than D a success as much as

正确答案为 C). 这题是本年专四语法考试中最难的一道题目. as much of a …as 是固定结构, 类似的结构还有 more of a …than, less of a…than, 如果是这些比较结构,则名词只能放在比 较结构中, 如: It was as much of a success as I had hoped. He is more of a sportsman than his brother. We can let you have as many copies as you need. 所以选项 A 的正确形式应该是 more of a success than…, B 选项只能将名词置于比较结构中间.

65 There used to be a petrol station near the park, __? A didn't it B doesn't there C usedn't it? D didn't there

正确答案为 D). 考察反意疑问句. there be 的反意疑问句就用 there 来进行反问.

66 It is an offence to show __ against people of different races. A distinction B difference C separation D.discrimination

正确答案为 D). discrimination 歧视. show discrimination against sb 歧视某人 distinction 区别, 差别. difference 不同, separation 分开. 句意:对不同种族的人表现出歧视是一种冒犯行为.

67 A great amount of work has gone into __ the Cathedral to its previous splendor. A refreshing B restoring C renovating D renewing

正确答案为 B). restoring:使…恢复到以前面貌, 通常和 to 连用. refresh 使…精神爽快, renovate 更新,革新. renew 更新

68 The thieves fled with the local police close on their __. A backs B necks C toes D heels

正确答案为 D). heels. on/at one’s heels 紧跟在某人后面. 固定搭配,句意为:小偷逃跑了,当地 的警察紧随其后追赶. fled 逃走,逃掉( flee 的过去式和过去分词 ); 逃离,逃避。

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69 The economic recession has meant that job__ is a rare thing. A security B safety C protection D secureness

正确答案为 A). security. job security 是商务英语中的词汇,意思是工作保障,职业安全感. e.g. The workers agreed to forgo a pay increase for the sake of greater job security. 工人们为了工作 更保险, 同意放弃增加工资的要求. secure 较 safe 更加抽象,这里工作保障应属于抽象范畴, 且 secure 的名词形式是 security 而非 secureness.

70 Many people nowadays save money to __ for their old age. A cater B supply C provide D equip

正确答案为 C) provide for 准备,筹备…., cater for 迎合, supply sth to sb 为某人提供…, equip with 用…装备, 句意: 现在许多人存钱是为了防老.

71 The tone of the article __ the writer's mood at the time. A reproduced B reflected C imagined D imitated

正确答案为 B). reflect 反映. reproduce 复制,繁殖,再生产. imagine 想象, imitate 模仿. 句意:这 篇文章的语调反映了当时作者的心态.

72 This is not the right __ to ask for my help; I am far too busy even to listen A.moment B.situation C.opportunity D.circumstance

正确答案为 A). moment 时候, situation 情况, opportunity 机会, circumstance 环境. 句意:现在 不是让我帮你的时候,我忙得连听你话的时间都没有.

73 The job of a student accommodation officer__ a great many visits to landladies. A concerns B offers C asks D involves
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正确答案为 D). involve 包含,涉及,使陷入…中. concern 涉及到, offer 提供 不符合题意. 句意: 学生住宿管理人员的工作包括拜访房东.

74 Our family doctor's clinic __at the junction of two busy roads. A rests B stands C stays D seats

正确答案为 B). stands 位于=lies in, rest 停卧,安防, stay 停留, seat 坐下. 根据句意,选 B. 我们 的家庭医生的诊所位于两条繁忙道路的交叉点,

75 She was so fat that she could only just __ through the door. A assemble B appear C squeeze D gather

正确答案为 C). squeeze oneself through 从….中挤过去, assemble 集合,聚集, appear 出现, gather 聚集. 她太胖了只能勉强从门口挤过去.

76 After the heavy rain, a builder was called to repair the roof, which was __. A leaking B trickling C dripping D floating

正确答案为 A). leaking 漏. trickle 滴流,细流, drip 滴落, float 漂浮,漂动. 这里意思是维修正 在漏水的房顶. 只有 leaking 合适.

77 The reception was attended by __ members of the local community. A excellent B conspicuous C prominent D noticeable

正确答案为 C). prominent 杰出的, 突出的,显著的. excellent 非常好的. conspicuous 显而易见 的, noticeable 易见的. 参加这次招待会的是当地的显赫人士.

78 Share prices on the Stock Exchange plunged sharply in the

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morning but __slightly in the afternoon. A regained B recovered C restored D revived

正确答案为 B). recover 指身体,心情的恢复,康复,(经济)的恢复; regain 恢复,复得,restore 归还, 修复(到原来的面貌). revive 复苏,恢复: may imply recovery from a deathlike state 通常是指到 了谷底然后复苏,振兴. 题目中提到 fell sharply 然后下午 come back up. revive 强调一个由死/ 谷底反弹的一个过程. 故这里选 recover 比较合适. 且在商务英语的环境中,recover 的使用频 率和范围都要比 revive 广.

79 His cure. A rich

brain has worked away on the idea of a universal

B quick

C productive

D fertile

正确答案为 D). quick 敏捷的,迅速的. rich 丰富的,富裕的, productive 多产的, fertile 有创造力 的,思想丰富的

80 The couple has donated a not__ amount of money to the foundation. A inconsiderable C inaccurate B inconsiderate D incomparable

. 正确答案为 A). inconsiderable 少量的. a not inconsiderable amount of=a large amount of, inconsiderate 不体谅的,考虑欠缺的,inaccurate 不精确的,.incomparable 无与伦比的. 句意:这对 夫妇向这个基金会捐助了数目可观的一笔钱.

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