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2017--2018学年人教版必修一Unit 5 Nelson Mandela-a modern hero单元测试


Unit 5 Nelson Mandela-a modern hero 单元测试
Ⅰ. 阅读理解 A I travel a lot in my work, and what I dislike about my job is eating alone. It always makes me feel lonely to see others laughing and talking. So, room service for several nights was a better choice for me. After having room service three nights at a hotel in Houston, however, I needed to get out of my room. Although the restaurant opened at 6:30, I arrived at 6:25. The waiter at the front desk made a comment (评论) about my “being there really early”. I explained my dislike of eating alone in restaurants. He then seated me at a lovely table and asked me whether I would mind if he sat down with me for a while. I was glad! He sat and talked with me about his career goals and the difficulty of being at work on nights, weekends and holidays. He said he hadn’t enough time to be with his family. After 15 minutes, he saw some customers at the front desk and excused himself. I noticed that before he went to the front desk, he stopped in the kitchen for a moment. Then another waiter came out of the kitchen and had a wonderful chat with me. Before I left that night, some other waiters, even the cook, had come out of the kitchen and sat with me! When I asked for my bill about one hour later, all the people who had sat down with me came over in a big group to my table, and presented me with a red rose. And I cried! What had begun as a lonely night ended as a beautiful experience. 1. The author asked for room service because __________. A. a lot of money would be saved in this way B. he didn’t like to eat with other people around C. he didn’t wanted to be recognized by the waiters D. seeing people laughing and talking made him feel bad 2. How did the waiter feel when he saw the author come in at 6:25? A. Dissatisfied. B. Pleased. C. Surprised. D. Angry.

3. From the third paragraph, we can learn that the waiter at the front desk _________. A. knew how to attract more customers to his restaurant

B. found it hard to balance his work and his family C. was getting tired of his present job D. had never had such a chance to talk about his worries 4. The author wants to tell us that __________. A. people are actually all lonely in their own way B. restaurants should put the need of customers first C. the kindness of strangers can make you less lonely D. restaurants are full of surprises for lonely people B Early excitement about the next generation of the iPhone is building months ahead of an expected autumn debut(问世). Analysts expect Apple to release three iPhones this year, but the one getting the most attention is a rumored super-premium model to celebrate the iPhone’s tenth anniversary. And, for that phone, Apple is expected to change the type of screen the iPhone uses. Here’s a quick look at what you need to know about what it means if Apple switches from its current liquid crystal display (LCD) screens to a type of organic light-emitting diode (OLED) screen called AMOLED. The essential difference between an LCD screen and an AMOLED one is the presence of a backlight. Thanks to that difference, AMOLED screens can be very thin, which means you can make thinner products. They also provide more vivid colors, which is a reason that television makers have been pushing OLED in its various forms for their big screens. AMOLED screens, in particular, boast( 夸 口 ) even greater control over each individual pixel( 像 素 )——which means better contrast(对比度) for the viewer. These screens can also improve battery life because there’s no backlight. AMOLED screens can be more energy-efficient when the user is viewing darker subjects, allowing the phone to shut off pixels and stop drawing power. So why hasn’t Apple switch to AMOLED yet? After all, Apple competitors such as Samsung and LG already have these screens on their smartphones.

AMOLED screens are not cheap to produce. It’s also not that easy to make the complex AMOLED screens, which could explain why not most Apple fans expect that only the highest-end phone will have the new screen. And then there’s the cost. The switch to AMOLED has also been cited as a reason that the price of the high-end iPhone may jump above the 1,000. Beauty, even in a mass-produced world, does not come cheap. Still, the expense may be worth it, especially as people shoot more photos and videos. 5. According to the passage, when will the iPhone’s tenth anniversary most probably be held? A. In June C. In January B. In March D. In November

6. According to most Apple fans, AMOLED screens will only be used on _____this year. A. the cheapest iPhones C. the most expensive iPhones 7. What does the underlined sentence indicate? A. Everything has a price. B. It is very expensive to become beautiful. C. The more you pay, the more beautiful you will become. D. Practice more, and you will become better. 8. What’s the author’s attitude towards the expected iPhone? A. Negative B. Critical B. the most massive iPhones D. the highest iPhones

C. Uninterested Ⅱ. 完形填空

D. Positive

It was a beautiful, sunny day. I had just finished early morning flight. My sons and I 2

1 my daughter to the airport to catch an 3 before heading back

went to a fast-food place for

home. After eating, we all got into the car and pulled out of the very top of a hill. At the bottom of the hill was a

4 . The restaurant was at the

5 sign, so we found ourselves at the end of a 7 road one at a time. 8 the stop

6 line of traffic waiting while the cars at the bottom turned onto the

As I looked down to the bottom of the hill, my eyes saw an elderly man standing sign. His clothes were “ 9

and shabby (破旧的). He held a cardboard sign with the words 11 myself in his situation.

10 Help Please!” written on it. My heart went out to him and I

As car after car turned onto the main road without for whatever 13

12 for him, I reached for my wallet to look 14 , I saw a young 15 taken out

was left in it. As I was pulling it out of my wallet,

woman walk up to him along the side of the road. She was carrying a bag full of from the restaurant I was just at. I watched as the old man reached out her arms to give him a hug. Suddenly a made me realize that I hadn’t been 17

16 the young girl and smiled as she honk (喇叭声) from the car behind me 19 had

18 forward because this simple choice for

attracted my attention and my heart. By the time I reached the

20 of the hill, both the man and

the lady who had helped him were gone. Yet, as I drove home, the sun seemed to shine even brighter and Heaven felt a bit closer to Earth. 1. A. forcing 2. A. then 3. A. coffee 4. A. living room 5. A. rest 6. A. quiet 7. A. opposite 8. A. on 9. A. loose 10. A. Offer B. driving B. still B. tea B. parking lot B. turning B. single B. main B. with B. formal B. Call C. cheating C. thus C. breakfast C. garden C. stop C. long C. downward C. over C. old C. Need D. asking D. first D. lunch D. yard D. slowing D. strange D. slim D. by D. clean D. Refuse

11. A. hid imagined 12. A. stopping 13. A. card 14. A. therefore 15. A. food 16. A. rewarded 17. A. soft 18. A. jumping 19. A. courage 20. A. back Ⅲ. 语法填空

B. reminded

C. regretted

D.

B. begging B. number B. instead B. money B. admitted B. short B. pushing B. trust B. top

C. reaching C. cash C. anyway C. hope C. thanked C. loud C. wandering C. kindness C. middle

D. praying D. information D. however D. paper D. paid D. gentle D. moving D. success D. bottom

阅读下面短文,在空白处填入 1 个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。 Advertisements are meant to persuade people 1 (buy) a product or service or believe in an 2 (annoy). In my

idea. Some people think that advertising is generally helpful, while others feel opinion, advertisements have 3 advantages and disadvantages.

On the one hand, advertisements provide us with the most direct information. shopping, we can use the advertisements on TV to know the product’s effects and prices, help us save some time and money.

4

we go 5 can

On the other hand, advertisement can be harmful. Sometimes, they don’t tell the complete truth and people can 6 (cheat) easily by them. Some advertisements are just full of 8 7 (skill)

words and the consumers will fall advertisements.

them. Thus, we should pay attention to such kind of

To sum up, consumers must all use their

9

(intelligent) and be wise shoppers. And the 10 (life).

government should do something to protect our rights and help us lead better Ⅳ. 短文改错

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文, 请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。 文中共有

10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处,每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意: 1. 每处错误及其修改均限一词; 2. 只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 Dear Harry, I have good news for you that there will be a international music camp in our city this summer The camp is openly to students from all over the world who is interested in playing musical instruments. I know you are a music lover, so why not to join the camp together with us? At the camp, campers are giving classes by experts in the morning and in the afternoon they do a couple of hour of practice. In the evening, there is a music exchange concert that campers can give performances and plays different kinds of music from their own counties. I’m sure you will have a lot of funs there. I’m looking forward your reply. Yours, Li Hua Ⅴ. 书面表达 美国外教 Mr. Smith 的帮助。请你给 Mr. Smith 写信,要点包括: 1. 完成比赛,已经获奖。 2. 感谢他的帮助。 3. 欢迎他再次来中国做客。 注意: 1. 词数 100 左右 2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

3. 开头语和结束语已为你写出。 Dear Mr. Smith, I’m Li Hua, your former student in

China._____________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ __________ _________________________________________________________________________________ __________ Yours, Li Hua

Ⅰ. 阅读理解 A 【语篇解读】这是一篇人物故事类文章。一群善良的侍者轮流陪作者说话,并且送给她玫 瑰花,减轻了作者的寂寞感,给作者留下了美好的记忆。

2. C 【解析】 推理判断题。 由第二段中的 Although the restaurant opened at 6:30, I arrived at 6:25. The waiter at the front desk made a comment (评论) about my “being there really early”可知,侍

者认为作者到餐厅时间太 早了,言下之意是作者没有必要来这么早,由此可以推知,侍者对 作者的早到感到惊讶。 3. B【解析】推理判断题。由第三段中的 He sat and talked with me about his career goals and the difficulty of being at work on nights, weekends and holidays. He said he hadn’t enough time to be

with his family 可知,这位侍

者要在晚上、周末和假日工作,没有足够的时间陪伴家人,所

以 B 选项正确:他认为平衡工作和家人 之间的关系很难。 4. C【解析】推理判断题。这篇文章讲述了作者在餐厅就餐,侍者们轮流陪她说话,并且在最 后送给她一支 一点。 B 【语篇解读】苹果公司为纪念苹果手机诞生十周年将推出采用 AMOLED 的新款手机。这 款手机价格可能会很昂贵,但由于各种因素,也会有很大的市场。 玫瑰,减轻了作者的寂寞感。故 C 选项正确。文章最后一句话也证明了这

5. D【解析】推理判断题。由文章第一段第一二句可知,新一代 iphone 是为纪念 iphone 十周 年纪念日而生 产的,它的问世应是在几个月后,故可能的时间是十一月份,选 D 项。

6. C【解析】细节理解题。由文章第五段第二句“…which could explain why not most Apple fans expect that only the highest-end phone will have the new screen”可知,大多数苹果手机的粉丝 可能只用于高端手机,故选 C 项。

们认为这种造价昂贵的屏幕

7. A【解析】推理判断题。结合该划线句子前面的内容可知,AMOLED 屏幕固然很美,但采 用这种屏幕的 选 A 项。 8. D【解析】观点态度题。 由文章最后一句“Still, the expense may be worth it, especially as people shoot more photos and videos”可知,这种新款手机尽管昂贵,但由于人们还拍摄更多的照片 很大的市场的,作者的态度是积极的,选 D 项。 手机价格会很高, 故划线句子的意思是 Everything has a price (凡事皆有价) ,

和视频,该手机还是有

Ⅱ. 完形填空 【语篇解读】 作者在回家的路上看到了感人的一幕。 一位衣衫褴褛的老人站在路旁向过往 车辆寻求帮助,但没有一辆车停下来帮助他。在作者决定帮助老人时,以为年轻女子递给了老 人一包从餐馆带出来的食物。这样的一幕场景是作者深深感动。

2. A

考查副词。then“然后”;still“仍然”;thus“因此”;first“首先”。此处表示送女儿到机场

后,我们来 3. C

到了快餐店,故选 A 项。

考查名词。coffee“咖啡”;tea“茶”;breakfast“早饭”;lunch“午饭”。结合上文,作者 凌晨的航班,故他们应是吃早饭,故选 C 项。

开车送女儿感 4. B

考查名词。living room“客厅,起居室”;parking lot“停车场”;garden“花园”;yard“院 文,作者们在快餐店吃完早饭,开车出了停车场,故选 B 项。

子”。结合上 5. C

考查名词。rest“休息”;turning“转弯”;stop“停止”;slowing“减速”。结合下段内容“my elderly man standing the stop sign”可知, 此处应表示有一个停车标志牌,

eyes saw an 故选 C 项。 6. C

考查形容词。quiet“安静的”;single“单一的”;long“长的”;strange“奇怪的”。由下文 候的车辆很多,排着很长的队,故选 C 项。

可知,排队等 7. B

考查形容词。opposite“相反的”;main“主要的”;downward“向下的”;slim“纤细的, 一段内容“As car after car turned onto the main road”可知,此处表示车辆

苗条的”。由下

驶上主路,故选 B 项。 8. D 考查介词。on“在……上”;with“和”;over“在……上方”;by“在……旁边”。结合语 站在停车标志牌旁边,故选 D 项。

境,老人应是 9. C

考查形容词。loose“疏松的”;formal“正式的”;old“年老的,旧的”;clean“干净的”。 and shabby 可知,此处应用 old,选 C 项。

结合该空后的 10. C

考查动词。offer“提供”;call“打电话”;need“需要”;refuse“拒绝”。结合上文老人的 故老人需要帮助,选 C 项。

衣服破旧不堪, 11. D

考查动词。hid“隐藏”;reminded“提醒,使想起”;regretted“后悔”;imagined“想象”。 者同情老者,想象自己处于他的处境,故选 D 项。

结合语境,作

13. C

考查名词。card“卡片”;number“数字”;cash“现金”;information“信息”。结合语境, 钱包寻找剩余的现金,故选 C 项。

作者将手伸进 14. D

考查副词。therefore“因此”;instead“相反”;anyway“无论如何”;however“然而,尽 上下文, 刚开始没有人停车帮助老人, 而作者寻找现金帮助老人时作者 帮助老人,表转折关系,故选 D 项。

管如此”。结合

看到一位年轻女子走上前 15. A from the

考查名词。food“食物”;money“钱”;hope“希望”;paper“纸”。结合后半部分“taken out restaurant I was just at”可知,应是从餐馆拿出来的食物,故选 A 项。

16. C

考查动词。rewarded“奖赏”;admitted“承认”;thanked“感谢”;paid“支付”。年轻女子 老人感谢她,故选 C 项。

帮助了老人, 17. C

考查形容词。soft“柔软的”;short“短的”;loud“声音响亮的”;gentle“温和的”。结合 车催促作者开车,喇叭声很大,故选 C 项。

语境,后面的 18. D

考查动词。jumping“跳”;pushing“推”;wandering“闲逛”;moving“移动”。结合上下 孩帮助老人的情景所吸引, 忘记了开车, 后面的车辆大喇叭催促他

文,作者被女 移动,故选 D 项。 19. C

考查名词。courage“勇气”;trust“信任”;kindness“善良”;success“成功”。女孩帮助老 行为,作者被吸引,故选 C 项。

人是善意的 20. D

考查名词。back“后面,背部”;top“顶部”;middle“中间”;bottom“底部”。结合本段 老人原先在山脚下, 到作者来到山脚下时, 老人和女子已经不在那

第一句可知, 儿了,故选 D 项。 Ⅲ. 语法填空

【语篇解读】任何事物都是一分为二的。作者认为广告也是如此。我们应扬长避短,明智 地利用广告为我们服务。 1. to buy【解析】考查非谓语动词。persuade sb to do 是固定短语,表示“说服某人做……”,故 填 to buy。 2. annoyed【解析】考查非谓语动词。结合句子结构和句意可知,此处应用形容词表示“感到烦 恼的”,故填 annoyed。

3. both【解析】考查代词。both…and…是固定短语,表示“两者都”,故填 both。 4. When【解析】考查连词。结合句子结构和句意可知,此处是时间状语从句的引导词,表示 “当……时候”, 故填 when。

6. be cheated【解析】考查语态。分析句子结构可知,动词 cheat 是谓语动词,且与主语是被 动语态,情态动 词 can 之后应用动词原形,故填 be cheated。

7. skilful/skillful 【解析】 考查形容词。 结合句子结构可知, 该空应用形容词修饰 words,故填 skill 的形容词 skillful。

8. for【解析】考查介词。结合句意,此处表示“喜欢,爱上”,故用短语 fall for,填介词 for。 9. intelligence【解析】考查名词。形容词性物主代词 their 后名词形式,故填 intelligent 的名词 intelligence。 10. lives 【解析】 考查名词。 名词 life 是可数名词, 该空处无冠词, 故用其复数表泛指, 填 lives。

Ⅳ. 短文改错 Dear Harry, I have good news for you that there will be

a international music camp in our city this an

summer. The camp is

openly is to students from all over the world who interested in playing are open

musical instruments. I know you are a music lover, so why not to join the camp together with us? At the camp, campers are

giving classes by experts in the morning and in the afternoon they given

do a couple of

hour of practice. In the evening, there is a music exchange concert hours

plays that campers can give performances and different kinds of music from their own where play
counties. I’m sure you will have a lot of Yours, Li Hua

funs ? there. I’m looking forward your reply. fun to

第四处:Why not do 是固定句式,意为“为什么不做某事”。故将 to 去掉。 第五处:本句应指专家给野营者们上课,所以野营者是被授课,所以应是被动式。故 giving 改为 given。 第六处:a couple of 是“几个”的意思,后边应跟可数名词的复数形式,此处意为“几个小时”。 故 hour 改为 hours。

第七处:此处运用了定语从句,从句中缺少地点状语,先行词 concert 表示地点。故 that 改为 where。 第八处:从句中的情态动词 can 后面跟了 and 连接的两个动词原形。故 plays 改为 play。 第九处: have a lot of fun 为固定搭配, 意为“玩得很开心”, fun 是不可数名词。 故 funs 改为 fun。 第十处:look forward to doing 为固定搭配,意为“期待做……”,to 为介词。故在 forward 后加 to。 Ⅴ. 书面表达 Dear Mr. Smith, I’m Li Hua, your former student in China. I am writing to express my thanks to you for helping me improve my spoken English. I have already finished my speech in the National English speech contest for middle school students. Thanks to your help, I have won the first prize in it and got so much unforgettable experience. I’m really grateful to you for your help, without which it would have been much more difficult for me. I still remember the days when you taught me English. My English has been improved greatly because of your creative work. If there is a chance, welcome to China, I am looking forward to your coming. Best regards. Yours, Li Hua


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