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历年全国各地高考英语语法填空汇总


2014 年广东 Last year, my brother and I went to Miami for a vacation. Some of my friends who had been there before said__16__was a wonderful holiday destination. Before we went, we had planned for months. When the day came, we were ready. After our plane landed, we went to the hotel. We had made our reservation six months__17__(early), but the man at the front desk said there had been a mistake. We__18__(tell) that our rooms hadn't been reserved for that week , __19__ for the week after. I didn't understand__20__this would happen and my credit card had already been charged__21__the reservation. What's worse, the hotel had been fully booked. When we were wondering what to do, the manager came out. She was__22__(surprise) helpful. She apologized for the mistake and gave us a spare VIP room on__23__ top floor. We had never stayed in such an amazing room, and we weren't charged extra. The next day, my brother and I went to the beach__24__we watched some people play volleyball. We got a little__25__(sunburn), but the day had been so relaxing that we didn't mind. 16.解析:it 考查人称代词。从空后的“a wonderful holiday destination”可以知道,这 个地方就是 Miami,用 it 指代前面提到的地点。 17.解析:earlier 考查副词的比较级。由前面提到的“we had planned for months (我们 已经计划了数月)”可以知道,早在六个月之前我们就已经预订了,故用比较级。 18.解析:were told 考查时态、语态和主谓一致。主语为 we (复数),再联系“that our rooms hadn't been reserved for that week”可知,空格后面是我们被告知的内容,因此要用一般 过去时的被动语态。 19.解析:but 考查并列连词。not ... but ... 为固定结构,表示“不是??而是??”。 20.解析:why 考查宾语从句的引导词。“我”不知道/不明白________会发生这样的 事情。不明白的一定是原因(why)。 21.解析:for 考查固定搭配中的介词。联系空后的 the reservation 可以知道,“我” 的信用卡已经为这次预订支付钱了。be charged for 是固定搭配。 22.解析:surprisingly 考查词性转换。此处是动词转换为副词。helpful 为形容词,要 由副词来修饰。surprise 先转换形容词 surprising,再转换成副词 surprisingly。 23.解析:the 考查固定搭配中的冠词。on the top floor“在顶层”。 24.解析:where 考查定语从句的引导词。分析结构可知,关系副词 where 引导定语

从句,并在从句中作地点状语。 25.解析:sunburned/sunburnt 考查词性转换。此处是名词转换为形容词。 get(变得)

为连系动词,后跟形容词作表语。sunburn 的分词形容词有两种:sunburned 和 sunburnt。 2015 广东 Mr. Johnson lived in the woods with his wife and children.He owned __16__ farm, which looked almost abandoned.__17__ (lucky), he also had a cow which produced milk every day.He sold or exchanged some of the milk in the towns nearby __18__ other food and made cheese and butter for the family with what __19__ (leave).The cow was their only means of support, in fact.One day, the cow was eating grass __20__ it began to rain heavily.While making great efforts to run away, she __21__ (fall) over the hill and died.Then the Johnsons had to make a living __22__ the cow.In order to support his family, Mr. Johnson began to plant herbs and vegetables.Since the plants took a while to grow, he started cutting down trees __23__ (sell) the wood.Thinking about his children's clothes, he started growing cotton too.When harvest came around, he was already selling herbs, vegetables and cotton in the market __24__ people from the towns met regularly.Now it occurred to __25__ that his farm had much potential and that the death of the cow was a bit of luck. 语篇解读:本文主要介绍了曾经依赖奶牛生活的约翰逊先生,在奶牛死后开始种草药、 蔬菜和棉花等,让荒芜的农场变得生机勃勃。 16.a 考查冠词。此处第一次提到农场,故用不定冠词 a。 17.Luckily 考查词性转换之形容词转换为副词。此处用副词修饰整个句子。 18.for 考查介词。此处为固定搭配 exchange ... for ...“用??交换??”。 19.was left 考查时态和语态。what 与 leave 之间为被动关系,且整体时态为过去时, 故此处用一般过去时的被动语态。 20.when 考查固定句式。be doing ... when ...“正在做??,突然/这时??”。 21.fell 考查时态。此处与 died 并列,指动作先后发生。 22.without 考查介词。根据前文可知,奶牛死了,此时他一家人不得不在没有奶牛 的情况下谋生。 23.to sell 考查非谓语动词。他砍树的目的是卖木材,故用不定式作目的状语。 24.where 考查定语从句的关系词。从句中缺少地点状语,故用 where 引导定语从句, 修饰先行词 market。 25. him 考查代词。 此处指突然发生在他身上的事情。 It occurs/occurred to sb.that ...“某 人突然想到??”。 2014 辽宁 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于 3 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 Jonny:Hey! I'm just practicing Tai Chi (太极).Would you like to join me? Peter:I know nothing about it. Is it difficult? Jonny:It seems easy, but you need a lot of practice. You just follow me like this. Peter:OK. Don't laugh __61__ me. I may look funny. Jonny:Bend your knees slightly and reach out your arms like tree branches, naturally and __62__ (soft). Try to keep your body straight. Move slowly, then be sure to keep your

balance and don't let your body shake. Peter:I cannot control my body well. My legs become __63__ (pain)

Jonny: Keep __64__ (hold) your position for a while. It helps develop your strength and flexibility.Raise your leg and let __65__ stay in the air for seconds. Peter:I feel my legs shaking. I cannot do this any longer. Jonny:Be patient! Tai Chi __66__ (call)“shadow boxing” in English. It asks you to act like water: to be flexible as well __67__ strong. In real competition, a Tai Chi master borrows the strength of the competitor and uses this energy to fight back. The __68__ (hard) you try to beat him, the more likely you will get hit.He controls you! Peter:Unbelievable! Oh ..., __69__ you don't mind, I'll stop and take a deep 61.解析:at 考查介词。laugh at“嘲笑”,为固定搭配。 62.解析:softly 考查副词。并列连词 and 连接两个相同词性的词。and 前为副词,其 后也应填写副词 softly,修饰句中动词 reach out。 63.解析:painful 考查形容词。句中动词 become 是系动词,其后接形容词作表语。 64.解析:holding 考查非谓语动词。keep doing sth.“继续做某事”,为固定用法。 65.解析:it 考查代词。此处用代词 it 指代前面的 your leg。 66.解析:is called 考查动词时态和语态。主语 Tai Chi,为第三人称单数,再结合句 意可知,本句应使用一般现在时的被动语态。 67.解析:as 考查固定搭配。句意:太极要求你动作如水,不但要灵活,而且要强劲。 as well as“除??之外,也,还”。 68.解析:harder 考查副词的比较级。句中采用“The+副词比较级+一般现在时句 __70__.

子,the+副词比较级+一般将来时句子”结构,表示“越??,越??”。 69.解析:if 考查状语从句的引导词。分析句子结构可知,空处引导条件状语从句, 所以应用 if。 70.解析:breath 考查名词。take a deep breath“深深地吸一口气”。 2014 全国 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于 3 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 Are you facing a situation that looks impossible to fix? In 1969, the pollution was terrible along the Cuyahoga River Cleveland, Ohio. It __61__ (be) unimaginable that it could ever be cleaned up. The river was so polluted that it __62__ (actual)caught fire and burned.Now, years later, this river is one of __63__ most outstanding examples of environmental cleanup.

But the river wasn't changed in a few days __64__ even a few months. It took years of work __65__ (reduce ) the industrial pollution and clean the water. Finally, that hard work paid off and now the water in the river is __66__ (clean) than ever. Maybe you are facing an impossible situation. Maybe you have a habit __67__ is driving your family crazy. Possibly you drink too much or don't know how to control your credit card use. When you face such an impossible situation, don't you want a quick fix and something to change immediately? While there are __68__ (amaze) stories of instant transformation, for most of us the __69__ (change) are gradual and require a lot of effort and work, like cleaning up a polluted river. Just be __70__ (patience). 错误! 61.解析:前句有时间状语 in 1969,因此描述的是过去的情况。应用一般过去时,本 空填 was。 答案:was 62.解析:空格在动词前,应用副词修饰,本空填 actually。 答案:actually 63.解析:后面有形容词的最高级,因此该空填定冠词 the。 答案:the 64.解析:本句为否定句,故用 or 连接两个并列成分。 答案:or 65.解析:本句是 It took ...to do sth.句型,因此本空填不定式 to reduce。 答案:to reduce 66.解析:空后的 than ever 暗示空处应填形容词的比较级 cleaner。 答案:cleaner 67.解析:本句含有定语从句,先行词为 a habit,指物,在从句中作主语,应填关系代 词 that/which。 答案:that/which 68. 解析: 本空在名词之前, 应用形容词作定语。 amazing“惊人的”, 修饰名词 stories。 答案:amazing 69.解析:本句为主系表结构,空格后的 are gradual 暗示本空填名词复数 changes。

答案:changes 70.解析:本句为祈使句。在系动词 be 后应用形容词作表语,因此本空填 patient。 答案:patient 2015 全国一 Yangshuo, China It was raining lightly when I __61__ (arrive) in Yangshuo just before dawn. But I didn't care. A few hours __62__, I'd been at home in Hong Kong, with __63__ (it) choking smog. Here, the air was clean and fresh, even with the rain. I'd skipped nearby Guilin, a dream place for tourists seeking the limestone mountain tops and dark waters of the Li River __64__ are pictured by artists in so many Chinese __65__ (painting). Instead, I'd headed straight for Yangshuo. For those who fly to Guilin, it's only an hour away __66__ car and offers all the scenery of the betterknown city. Yangshuo __67__ (be) really beautiful. A study of travelers __68__ (conduct) by the website TripAdvisor names Yangshuo as one of the top 10 destinations in the world. And the town is fast becoming a popular weekend destination for people in Asia. Abercrombie & Kent, a travel company in Hong Kong, says it __69__ (regular) arranges quick getaways here for people __70__ (live) in Shanghai and Hong Kong. 语篇解读:本文是一篇游记,记述了作者游览阳朔的所见、所闻、所感。 61.arrived 考查时态。由主句中的 was 和后一句中的 didn't 可知,这里使用一般过去 时态。 62.before/earlier 考查副词。根据句意和“I'd been at home”的时态可知此处表示“几个 小时前,我待在香港的家里”,“待在家里”应该是发生在过去动作 arrived 之前,故此处 填 before 或 earlier 均可。 63.its 考查代词。因为 smog 是名词,所以需要用 it 的形容词性物主代词形式。 64.that/which 考查定语从句的引导词。根据句意和句子结构可知此处是一个定语从 句,因为先行词是物,且引导词在定语从句中作主语,所以填 that 或 which。 65.paintings 考查名词的单复数。因为该词由 so many 修饰,所以用复数形式。 66.by 考查介词。乘坐交通工具可用 by 表达,而且可数名词单数前不用冠词。 67.is 考查主谓一致和时态。根据后文的时态可知这里使用一般现在时,介绍客观情 况,又因为 Yangshuo 是第三人称单数,所以这里填 is。 68. conducted 考查非谓语动词。 分析句子结构可知, 此句的主干为“A study of travelers names Yangshuo as one of the top ...”。study 和 conduct 之间为被动关系,所以使用过去分词 作定语。 69.regularly 考查形容词变副词。此处需要一个副词修饰动词 arrange,表示“经常安 排快捷的短假”。 70.living 考查非谓语动词。分析句子结构可知,空格处为非谓语动词,因为 people 与 live 之间为主动关系,所以用现在分词形式,作后置定语,此处表示“经常为生活在上海 和香港的人安排快捷的短假”。 2015 全国二 The adobe dwellings (土坯房) __61__ (build) by the Pueblo Indians of the American Southwest are admired by even __62__ most modern of architects and engineers. In addition to their simple beauty, what makes the adobe dwellings admirable is their __63__ (able) to “air condition” a house without __64__ (use) electric equipment.Walls made of adobe take in the heat from the sun on hot days and give out that heat __65__(slow) during cool nights, thus warming the house. When a new day breaks, the walls have given up their heat and are now cold enough __66__ (cool) the house during the hot day; __67__ the same time, they warm up again for the night. This cycle __68__ (go) day after day: The walls warm up during the day and cool off during the night and are thus always a timely offset (抵消) for the outside temperatures. As __69__ (nature) architects, the Pueblo Indians figured out exactly __70__ thick the adobe walls needed to be to make the cycle work on most days. 语篇解读: 本文是一篇说明文。 主要介绍了美国西南部的普韦布洛印第安人修建的土坯

房,这些房子白天吸收热量,晚上释放热量,从而使得房间内的温度适宜。这些房子让现在 的建筑师和工程师都赞叹不已。 61.built 考查过去分词用法。由谓语动词 are admired 可知此处填非谓语动词,adobe dwellings 与 build 是被动关系,故用过去分词短语作后置定语。 62.the 考查冠词用法。根据句意可知此处为形容词最高级,故应该在 most 前加 the。 63.ability 考查词性转换之形容词变为名词。空格前的 their 是形容词性物主代词,其 后应该接名词。 64. using 考查动名词用法。 由空格前的介词 without 可知空格处应该使用动名词形式。 65.slowly 考查副词用法。根据空格前的 give out that heat 可知,这里应使用副词修 饰动词短语,指缓慢地(slowly)释放白天吸收的热量。 66.to cool 考查动词不定式用法。be+adj.+enough+to do sth.是固定结构,意为“足 够??,能够做某事”。结合空格前的 cold enough 可知后面应使用动词不定式。 67.at 考查介词用法。at the same time 意为“同时”,是一个固定词组。 68.goes 考查时态。此处指前面提到的循环不断地持续下去。这种情况是客观事实, 故用一般现在时。 69.natural 考查词性转换之名词变为形容词。结合空格后的 architects 可知应该用形 容词作定语,修饰名词,因此填 natural。 70.how 考查连词用法及理解语境的能力。空格后面的 thick 是一个形容词,填 how 引导宾语从句,从句作 figured out 的宾语。


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