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甘肃兰州一中2014—2015学年度高一上学期期中考试英语试题


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甘肃兰州一中 2014—2015 学年度上学期期中考试

高一英语试题
说明:本试卷考试时间 100 分钟,满分 100 分。交卷时只交答题卡。 第一部分 阅读理解 (共两节,满分 30 分) 第一节(共 10 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 20 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项中选出最佳选项. A Krakatau volcano(克拉克托火山)is in a small island in Indonesia. It had been peaceful for about 200 years before it erupted(爆发)in 1883. The first signs of the activity of the volcano appeared in May 1883, when fire and smoke could be seen at the top of the mountain. Great noise could be heard even in Jakarta a hundred miles away. Later the activity grew much greater. The peak(山顶)was covered with smoke and fire; the smoke at one time was seventeen miles high in the air. The lava—soft and hot rock—shot up into the air and rolled down the sides of the mountain. The mouth of the volcano was not at the peak of the mountain but on its side, close to the sea. As it grew bigger and bigger with the eruption, the sea water got into it. When the sea water reached the lava inside the volcano, it made the upper part of the lava colder and harder. And this sealed off (封住) the rest of the lava below. As the inside of the lava could not break through the seal, the pressure(压力)built up until the mountain blew up. The eruption of the volcano was followed by several earthquakes which brought about bad result. About 36000 people were killed and many towns and villages near the sea were completely destroyed by the great waves which the earthquake caused. 1.Give the correct order of the course of volcano eruption. ①The peak was covered with smoke and fire. ②Fire and smoke could be seen at the top of the mountain. ③Great noise could be heard a hundred miles away. ④The lava shot into the air and rolled down the sides of the mountain. A. ①②③④ B. ①③②④ C.②③①④ D. ④①③② 2..What makes volcanoes erupt? A. The sea water which goes into the volcano. B. The lava. C. The pressure which is bigger and bigger. D. All the above. 3.Where is the mouth of a volcano? A. At the peak of the mountain. B. On the side of the mountain near the sea. C. At the foot of the mountain. D. In side the mountain.

B

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I was in a strange city and I didn't know the city at all, and what is more, I could not speak a word of the language. After having spent my first day in the town-centre, I decided to lose my way on my second day, since I believed that this was the simplest way of getting to know the strange city, I got on the first bus that passed, rode on it for several stops, then got off it and walked on. The first two hours passed pleasantly enough. Then I decided to turn back to my hotel for lunch. After walking about for some time, I decided I had better ask the way. The trouble was that the only word I knew of the language was the name of the street in which I lived and even then I pronounced it badly. I stopped to ask a friendly-looking newspaper-seller. He smiled and handed me a paper. I shook my head and repeated the name of the street and he put the paper into my hands. I had to give him some money and went on my way. The next person I asked was a policeman. The policeman listened to me carefully, smiled and gently took me by the arm. There was a strange look in his eyes as he pointed left and right and left again. I thanked him politely and began walking in the direction he pointed. About an hour passed and I noticed that the houses were getting fewer and fewer and green fields were appearing on either side of me. I had come all the way into the countryside. The only thing left for me to do was to find the nearest railway station. 4. The writer believed that if you wanted to get to know a strange city, ________. A. you should go everywhere on foot B. you should have a map C. you should ask people the way D. you should get lost 5. The newspaper-seller ________. A. could understand what he said B. didn't know what he said C. laughed at him D. didn't want to take the money 6. The writer's real trouble was that ________. A. he couldn't speak the language B. he followed the policeman's direction C. he took the wrong bus D. he left the town-centre 7. The policeman ________. A. didn't help him B. pointed at him C. didn't understand what he really meant D. didn't know the way

C F. Scott Fitzgerald, born on September 24, 1896, an American novelist, was once a student of St. Paul Academy, the Newman School and attended Princeton University for a short while. In 1917 he joined the army and was posted in Alabama, where he met his future wife Zelda Sayre. Then he had to make some money to impress her. His life with her was full of great happiness, as he wrote in his diary, “My own happiness in the past often approached such joy that I could not share it even with the person dearest to me but had to walk it away in quiet streets and take down parts of it in my diary.” This side of paradise, his first novel, was published in 1920. Encouraged by its success, Fitzgerald began to devote more time to his writing. Then he continued with the novel The Beautiful and Damned (1922), a collection of short stories Tales of the Jazz Age (1922), and a play The Vegetable (1923). But his greatest success was The Great Gatsby, published in 1925, which

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quickly brought him praise from the literary world. Yet it failed to give him the needed financial security. Then, in 1926, he published another collection of short stories All the Sad Young Men. However, Fitzgerald’s problems with his wife Zelda affected his writing. During the 1920s he tried to reorder his life, but failed. By 1930, his wife had her first breakdown and went to a Swiss clinic. During this period he completed novels Tender Is the Night in 1934 and The Love of the Last Tycoon in 1940. While his wife was in hospital in the United States, he got totally addicted to alcohol. Sheila Graham, his dear friend, helped him fight his alcoholism.(酗酒) 8. How many novels written by Fitzgerald are mentioned in the passage? A. 5. B. 6. C. 7. 9. We can infer from the passage that Fitzgerald .

D. 8.

A. had made some money when he met Zelda in Alabama B. was well educated and well off before he served in the army C. would have completed more works if his wife hadn’t broken down D. helped his friend get rid of drinking while his wife was in hospital 10. The passage is probably followed by a concluding paragraph about A. Zelda’s personal life B. Zelda’s illness and treatment .

C. Fitzgerald’s friendship with Graham D. Fitzgerald’s contributions to the literary world

第二节(共 5 小题:每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余 选项。 Most of us lead a busy life. 11 We think, “If I reached my goal, then I would be happy”, or “If I could get a better job, then I would enjoy life.” But why not enjoy life right now? Firstly, take time to notice and appreciate the beauty in your own surroundings. 12 “There is a great big world of wonder and beauty around us!” And as Brodersen explains,“Look for the beauty of the sunrise and of a friend’s smile that brightens your day. Open your eyes to see the beauty you might not normally see. Doing so helps to cheer you up.” Secondly, taking time to experience some simple pleasures also can bring joy to your heart and ease your stress. Take me for example. 13 One universal simple pleasure is finding things that make you laugh. Make time to laugh every day. Thirdly, don’t take your family and friends for granted. Rich, rewarding relationships add greatly to the enjoyment of life. When you think of someone, why not call, e-mail or write them? 14 As Wayne Lawton explains, “Invest time in relationships. Remove the attitude, what’s in it

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for me? Happiness is found in putting other’s interests, desires and concerns ahead of our own whenever possible. Selfishness is a dead-end street.” 15 A. I delight in simple things like my favorite tea drink, a bubble bath or family photos. B. In my spare time, I enjoy collecting stamps and reading novels. C. Driven by the “urgent”, we forget to enjoy life. D. So please treasure relationship. E. You don’t need to travel far to find beauty. F. Be aware of beauty in nature. G. A short e-mail or phone call can make a world of difference to someone. 第二部分 英语知识及应用(共三节,满分 45 分) 第一节 完形填空(共 20 小题,每小题 1 分,满分 20 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并 填在答题卡上. In 2013 a France television company sent its reporters to the Paris Metro(地铁). They took ___16___ to see what passengers would do if they saw someone ___17___ on the platform or trains. The incidents looked ___18___ but they were all done with the help of actors. However, very ___19___ people tried to help, and most passengers ___20___ not to notice. In one of the ___21___, a foreigner was attacked by three men. The attack was on a ___22___ which was quite full, and although the man tried to get ___23___ passengers to help, they all refused. This is not only a French ___24___. A British newspaper reported in 2012 that a professor of Social Psychology in New York had ___25___ his students out to rob their own cars. The students didn’t try to ___26___ what they were doing. About 80 people ___27___ 250 car thefts, and only twelve of them tried to ___28___ the student robbers. In a typical incident, one man stopped, looked, and then put his hands over his ___29___ and shouted “I didn’t see that!” About forty people ___30___ to help the thieves, and two people ___31___ sat down next to the car and ___32___ to buy a camera and a television set a student was ___33___ from the back seat of his own car. The professor ___34___ whether it is a problem of big cities or would be the ___35___ thing as happens anywhere. 16. A. notes B. cameras C. trains D. newspapers 17. A. wounded B. stolen C. attacked D. struck 18. A. great B. serious C. terrible D. real 19. A. many B. few C. old D. large 20. A. seemed B. pretended C. managed D. asked 21. A. passengers B. actors C. incidents D. accidents 22. A. train B. plane C. truck D. bus 23. A. the other B. all C. more D. another 24. A. situation B. problem C. agreement D. accident 25. A. brought B. took C. sent D. put 26. A. hide B. expose C. tell D. find 27. A. realized B. discovered C. found D. watched 28. A. help B. refuse C. report D. stop 29. A. face B. head C. ears D. eyes 30. A. offered B. expected C. hated D. liked

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31. A. bravely 32. A. wanted 33. A. taking 34. A. knows 35. A. same

B. actually B. waited B. sending B. learns B. different

C. surely D. certainly C. needed D. loved C. offering D. robbing C. wonders D. asks C. former D. small

第二节 语法填空(共 10 小题,每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于 3 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 Dear Diana, Thank you for the __36____ (love) day we had with you. It was so kind ___37___ you to let us bring Annie’s friend, Gina. Unfortunately, the only problem __38____ we had was the journey home. There had been __39____ accident on the highway and, __40____ a result, there was a long line of traffic for at least six miles. In the end, we __41____ (drive) to a service station and waited there __42____ the road was clear. In the car park there Gina nearly got __43____ (knock) over as a car drove out far too quickly behind a lorry. We finally dropped Gina off at her __44____ (parent) and made ___45___ own way home. 第三节 单词拼写(共 10 小题,满分 10 分) 46.Because of the computer, now we can ____________ (交流) with other people on the Internet. 47.Our workmate has been in danger. We’re all ___________ (关心) about his health. 48.Though I haven’t met him for many years, I could _________ ( 认 出 ) him immediately when I saw him in the crowd. 49.Many students attended the lecture, ________ (包括)our monitor. 50.Whether you will succeed or not in doing the work depends on your ________ (态度)to it. 51.The mother _________ (坚持) that he finish his homework first, which made his son very angry. 52.Without _________ (电),modern life would be very difficult. 53.Dead and ________ (受伤的)people lay everywhere after the terrible accident. 54.Everything needs to be done according to a certain _______________(原则) 55.In some countries, especially in some poor countri 第三部分 写作(共两节,满分 25 分) 第一节 短文改错(共 10 小题,每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 下面短文中共有 10 处错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏词符号(∧) ,并在此符号下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分 April 15, 2014 Tuesday This morning I saw off my uncle at the railway station. In the waiting room, I saw an old lady crying sadly because of she had lost her ticket and was not able to buy other one. I was thinking about helping her while two PLA men come up to comfort her. Then they bought her a ticket with his own money. An old lady was

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so moving that she could hardly say a word. She grasped their hands and asked for their names and addresses. And they only smiled and said, “ It’s our pleasure. We have done that we should.” Then they left. What lovely PLA men! I must learn them to serve the people heart and soul . 第二节 书面表达(满分 15 分) 联合国教科文组织某考察团正在我国某乡村参观考察。假定你是接待人员,请根据下列提示 以发言稿的形式简要介绍这个村的情况: 1)大小:近 100 户人家,约 500 口人。 2)变化:过去很穷,2000 年后变化很大。人们生活比以前好多了, 现已旧貌换新颜。 3)教育:原来的学校很小,现已经过改建。新建的教学楼有 4 层,是村里最美的建筑物。村 里所有学龄儿童在此免费就读。 注意:1)要点齐全,前后连贯。 2)词数:100-120 之间。 Ladies and gentlemen, Welcome to our school.

Thank you!

参考答案
1-----5 CDBDB 6----10 ACACD 11---15 CEAGD 16---20 BCDBB 21---25 CAABC 26---30 ADDDA 31----35 BBACA 36. lovely 37. of 38. that 39. an 40. as 41. drove 42. until/till 43. knocked 44, parents’ 45. our 46. communicate 47. concerned 48. recognize 49. including 50. attitude 51. insisted 52. electricity 53, injured 54. principle 55. equal 56. of 去掉 57. other-another 58. while—when 59.come—came 60. his—their 61. An—The 62. moving—moved 63. And—But 64. that—what 65.learn 后加 from 9 分档 Ladies and gentlemen, Welcome to our school. This village is very small. It has nearly 100 families and about 500 people. It used to be very poor. It has changed a lot since 2000. People here are richer than before. Now it is taking on a new look. The school here was very small. Now it has been rebuilt. The newly built teaching building

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has 4 storeys . It is the most beautiful building in the village. All the school-age children can study here. They enjoy free education in it. Thank you. 12 分档 Ladies and gentlemen, Welcome to our school ! This village is a small one with/which has nearly 100 families and about 500 people. It used to be very poor. However, it has changed a lot since 2000 and has been developing very fast. People here live a much better life than before . Now it is taking on a new look. In the past, the school here was very small and most children couldn’t afford to go to school. But now it has been rebuilt and the newly built teaching building which has 4 storeys is the most beautiful one in the village. All the school-age children can study here. What’s more, they enjoy free education. May you enjoy your stay here / May you have a pleasant time here! Thank you.


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