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On Chinese Lawyer Association

ON CHINESE LAWYER ASSOCIATION Chen-xiang SONG* This article called Chinese lawyer association.It is divided into four parts: the first part discusses the challenges of old legal construction mold. The second part defines the concept of Chinese lawyer association and describes the content and features of it .The third part argues about the function of Chinese social organizations in all aspects of change. The forth part analyzes a case about China arbitration association. In this case, the establishment of china arbitration association confronts the great pressure of China government. Based on this situation, I point out the future road of Chinese social organizations. In the first chapter, I argued that over the past nearly forty years, the policy of reforming and opening to the outside world has changed China society widely and deeply. When the government loosed its strong control, Chinese social organizations grow rapidly. Among these organizations, one type of them is very attractive. I call it “Chinese lawyer association”. As China faced a lot of social transformation problems, the old legal construction mold also faces great challenges. Therefore, we have to do a lot of adjustment, and the Chinese lawyer association is an important driving force to advance this adjustment. The
*

Ph.D. Candidate, China University of Political Science and Law, enrolled in 2012.

paper describes the outline of Chinese lawyer association and gives an outline study on its content, function and future. The Chinese lawyer association includes China judger association, China procurator association, China police association, China notary association, China mediator association, China attorney association, China law society and so on. See the photograph below.

Lawyer

Judger Procurator Police Attorney

Mediator Arbitrator Notary

Legal research fellow

Chinese Judger Association is established in May 7th 1994,which is composed by judger in china courts. It is administrated by China Supreme People’s Court. It has 13 group members and 19218 individual members. Until 1994, there are fourteen provinces established judger association. Now the leader of Chinese Judger Association is Zhou Qiang, the President of the Supreme People’s Court.1

1

China law yearbook:Chinesejudger association, China Law Yearbook Press.2005, P.23. 2

Chinese Procurator Association is established in July 12th 1996, which is composed by procurator in china procuratorate. It is administrated by China Supreme People’s Procuratorate. It has 3180 group members and 18313 individual members. Until 1996, there are fourteen provinces established judger association. Now the leader of Chinese Judger Association is CaoJianming, the President of the Supreme People’s Procuratoratet.2 Chinese Police Association is established in September 12th2005 in Beijing, which is composed by police in china police station. It is administrated by China Ministry of Public Security. It has 18 group members and 13413 individual members. Until 2009, there are fourteen provinces established judger association. Now the leader of Chinese Judger Association is TianQiyu, the Vice President of China Ministry of Public Security.3 Chinese Attorney Association is established in July 7th 1986, which is composed by attorneys in china. It is administrated by China Justice Ministry. It has 31 group members and more than one hundred thousand individual members. Until 2010, all thethirty-one provinces established

2 3

China law yearbook:Chineseprocurator association, China Law Yearbook Press.2005, P.21.

Website of Chinese police association th http://www.tpac.org.cn/show_hdr.php?xname=ENC6K11&dname=&xpos=2. Visiting time:10.5 2011. 3

attorney association. Now the leader of Chinese Attorney Association is Yu Ning.4 ChinaLawSociety is established in July 12th1986, which is composed by law research fellows in china. It is administrated by China State Council. It has 412 group members and 17413 individual members. Among of them 32 is province group members, 15 is big city group members, 231 is normal city members, 134 is district members. There are also some specialized research association, such as criminal law association, civil law association, and so on. Now, the leader of ChinaLaw Society is Wang Lequan.5 Chinese Notary Association is established in March27th1990, which is composed by notary in china. It is administrated by China Justice Ministry. It has 3180 group members and 18313 individual members. Now the leader of Chinese Judger Association is DuanZhengkun, the Vice President of China Justice Ministry.6 Chinese Mediator Association is established in May 1993, which is composed by mediator in china. It is administrated by China Justice Ministry. It has eighty-two group members and nearly five million

4 5 6

China lawyer yearbook:Chineseattorney association, China Legal Publishing House.2000, P.12. The website of china law society http://www.chinalaw.org.cn/, :visiting time: 10,12 ,2011 The website of china notary ,http://www.chinanotary.org/home.jsp ,visiting time :9, 28 ,2011. 4
th th

individual members. Now the leader of Chinese Judger Association is HaoChiyong, the Vice President of China Justice Ministry.7 Over the past years,the legal construction is led by government, legislation is the central task. This old mold brings great

achievement,while on the other side, its actual effect has a big problem, which is a lot of them are “law in paper”, not the law in action. It needs the support from social management innovation, social society development, legal community, alternative dispute resolutionmechanisms, legal culture and international legal construction. Accordingly, the function of Chinese lawyer association is: advancing social management innovation, promoting civil society development, boosting the formation of legal professional community, pushing forward the establishment of alternative dispute resolution mechanisms, providing multi-cultural law support, participating international legal construction, and so on. In the future, reforming the administrative regulation system is the best way of promoting the development of china lawyers association. References 1. China law yearbook:Chineseprocurator association, China Law Yearbook Press.2005.

7

The website of china mediator ,http://www.chinanotary.org/home.jsp ,visiting time :9, 28 ,2011. 5

th

2. Website of Chinese police association http://www.tpac.org.cn/show_hdr.php?xname=ENC6K11&dname=& xpos=2. Visiting time:10.5th 2011. 3. The website of china law society http://www.chinalaw.org.cn/, :visiting time: 10,12th,2011 4. The website of china notary ,http://www.chinanotary.org/home.jsp ,visiting time :9, 28th ,2011. 5. The website of china mediator ,http://www.chinanotary.org/home.jsp ,visiting time :9, 28th ,2011.

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