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成人高考 专升本英语复习资料大全

中安 King 专升本英语 词汇

What pains us train us! Keep your eyes on the stars,and your feet on the ground.

专升本英语词汇和语 法考点总结
词汇 一、名词和代词 一)重点名词和代词辨析 1、result,effect,outcome,ending,consequence,fruit 、 , , , , , result 普通用词,多指好的结果.另:比分,成绩;effect 名词:效果,影响。动 词:实现;outcome 多指成就,成果;ending 结局,结尾;consequence 多指不良 的结果,后果;fruit 水果,产物。 2、feature,appearance,virtue,character,characteristics 、 , , , , feature 1,特色,2,面貌,相貌;appearance 1,出现,露面 2,外观,外貌,外 表;virtue 1,美德,2,优点,长处;character 特征,品质,角色;characteristics 特性,特色。 3、accident,incident,event,conflict,trouble,occurrence,crash,crisis 、 , , , , , , , accident 事故,意外。意想不到的事情,往往引起损伤或伤害;incident 事件,小 插曲。事变(外交,政治中的政变);event 特指重大事件;conflict 冲突,矛盾; trouble 烦恼,麻烦;occurrence 1,发生,出现。2,突发事件;crash 使(飞机)坠 毁、使(车辆)猛撞等;crisis 危机,紧急关头。 4、currency,income,wage,bonus,salary,award,reward,fee,allowance, 、 , , , , , , , , , honour,benefit,profit,interest, prize, wealth,capital,money,cash, , , , , , , , , , coin,fund,debt,loan currency 流通货币,经济学用词;Income 泛指收入;Wage 特指工资;Bonus 指 提成的奖金;Salary = wage + bonus 薪水;Award 授予的奖项,包括奖励的奖金; Reward 回报,报酬,酬金;Fee 泛指费用;Allowance 表示津贴,补贴;honour 荣誉,名誉。常用 in honour of ,以….为纪念,向…表示敬意;benefit 名词:利 益。动词:对….有益 be benefit to;profit 名词:1,好处,益处。2,利润。动词: 有益于,有利于 vt,及物动词;interest 名词:1,兴趣,爱好,2,利息。动词: 对….感兴趣;prize 奖金,奖品;Wealth 财产,财富。既可指金钱财富,也可指精 神财富;Capital 可以是形容词和名词。1,形容词:大写的,首要的,首都的。 2,名词:大写字母,首都,表示金钱时指:本钱,本金;Money 钱的统称,可以是 纸币,也可以是硬币,也可以是用作货币的其他物品;Cash 指可以兑换的现金或现 款;Coin 硬币;fund 基金;debt 债务;loan 贷款,借款。 5、consideration,intention,determination, judgement,opinion,estimate, 、 , , , , , , evaluation
专升本大纲词汇表 1 成才热线:

中安 King 专升本英语 词汇

What pains us train us! Keep your eyes on the stars,and your feet on the ground.

consideration 1,考虑,2,照顾,关心;intention 意图,目的;determination 决 心,决定;judgement/ judgment 判断,审判,裁决;opinion 观点,想法;estimate 估计,估价;Evaluation 评价,估价。 6、observation,obligation,objection,obstacle,object,obedience 、 , , , , , observation 注意,观察;obligation 义务,责任;objection 反对;obstacle 阻 碍,障碍;object 名词:物体,对象。动词:object 反对+ to;obedience 服从,遵 守。 7、position,career,profession,work,job,occupation,vocation,employment 、 , , , , , , , position 职位,职务。另:方位,位置,态度,立场等;career 职业生涯,终生从 事的职业;profession 尤指需要专门知识或特殊训练的)职业(如医学、法律、工程、 教学等);work 强调工作的内容,不可数。可以做动词;job,强调工作的份数,可 数;occupation 经常担任的行业,不一定有报酬。常常用于写简历; occupation vocation 是指经过训练后从事的职业,需要一定职业技能;employment 带有雇佣关 系的职业,领取工资以谋生计,有较固定工作的职业。 8、pace,rhythm,step,measure,rate,ratio , speed, 、 , , , , , , pace 步伐,节奏;rhythm (文学、艺术、戏剧等中的)节奏,韵律;step 脚步,台 阶,阶层;measure 1,措施。2,测量,度量;rate 比例。常见搭配: at the rate of 以...的速度或比例;ratio 专业术语,比例,比率。用于经济学,数学,法律中, 等;Speed 速度。常见搭配:At the speed of。 9、cheque,receipt,ticket,label,mark,sign,signal,symbol,code,stamp 、 , , , , , , , , , cheque 支票 ;receipt 收据,发票;ticket 普通用词,票 ;label 标签,标记。指 详细的表示,如商品标签;mark 商标,标志。简单的记号。多指商标;sign 符 号,记号。如交通标志;signal 信号 ;symbol 符号,象征。指具有象征意义的标 志,如十字架标志;code 密码,代码 ;stamp 邮票 。 10、size,length,height,breadth,width 、 , , , , size 尺寸,大小 ;length 长度 ;height 高度,身高 ;breadth 宽度,幅度。不但 可以指物体的宽度。=width,还可以指胸襟、见解、观点、兴趣等的)宽广,宽宏(大 度)。 11、mind,view,vision,landscape ,picture,look,mood,temper,humor, 、 , , , , , , , , passion,emotion,spirit,feeling ,attitude , , , mind 观点 ,想法。心里想的观点;view 看法,观点,看见的东西产生的观点另: 景色;Vision 视觉,视力,视野。书面用词,含义广泛,指人的视力或视野,也可 指远见卓识;Landscape 风景;Picture 画面;Look 动词:看。名词:表情,神 情;mood 心情,情绪;temper 脾气。 Lose one’s temper , out of temper;humor 幽 默,诙谐;passion 激情,热情;emotion 情感,情绪。(如爱、恨、惧、忧、怒 等);spirit 精神,心灵,灵魂;Feeling 感觉;Attitude 态度。 12、assurance,insurance,guarantee,safety 、 , , , assurance 1,保证。2,保险,主要指人寿保险;insurance 任何类型的保险,也可 指人寿保险;guarantee 保证书,保质期;safety 安全,平安。

专升本大纲词汇表

2

成才热线:

中安 King 专升本英语 词汇

What pains us train us! Keep your eyes on the stars,and your feet on the ground.

13、no, none,neither,nothing,anything,something, one… the other, 、 , , , , , , some …. The others, others, the others, another no 形容词,修饰名词或代词;none 三者以上都不;neither 两者都不;nothing but 只不过;anything + but 根本不,绝不;one…. the other 一个,另一个;some …. the others, 一些,另一些;others,= other thing/ people;the others = the rest; ; another 泛指另一个,没有一定的范围限制。在一定的范围之内,一个另一个用 one…. the other,一定范围内三者以上,除去一部分,另一部分用 the others。 14、the other day ,the next day, the following day ,in two days, 、 , , the other day 几天前;the next day = the following day 第二天,次日;In two days 两天之内。将来的时间。 15、among ,between,one another,each other 、 , , among 用于 三者以上的人之间;between 用于两者之间;one another 用于三者以 上;each other 用于两者之间。 二)名词固定搭配 1,balance between 平衡;2,difference between 差异;3,link between 联系;4, Ambition for 雄心,抱负,野心;5,sympathy for 对....的同情; 6,confidence in 对....有信心;7,belief in 相信。 Believe in 相信;8,success in 成功 succeed in;9,dependence on 依赖于。 Depend on 动词形式;10, emphasis on 强调;11,impact on 对...的影响,对...的冲击;12,influence on 影响; 13,pressure on 对...有压力;14,stress on 强调,重视;15,advantage over 优越 于;16,have/gain access to 接近,使用; 17,attention to 注意;18,attitude to 态 度,看法;19,exposure to 。动词:expose to 暴露于,曝光于。20,(in) response to 相应;21,(in) accordance with 与....保持一致;22,association with associate with 与....有关;23,combination with 。Combine with 同....结合,24, compromise with 放弃,妥协;25,contact with 与....接触,联系;26,encounter with 与....相遇 二、动词 一)重点动词辨析 1、Occur;happen;take place。 、 ; ; 。 Happen 强调偶然性;take place 指有计划的使某事发生;occur 是一般用词,可指某 事情偶然发生或者按照计划进行,跟 to 短语时,表示“想到”,+somebody。 2、Range;vary;change;alter;transform;turn;reform 、 ; ; ; ; ; ; Range 一个范围内的变动,一般与 from 连用表示从….到….变化。也可以是名词, 1,一系列:a range of。2,变化范围,幅度;Vary 不规则的,断断续续的,因人而 异的变化;Change 改变的与原物完全不同,以旧换新的变化;Alter 局部的,外表 的变化,但特点不变;Transform 比 vary 更彻底的变化。变革;Turn 外表,颜 色,气味,性质等方面的变化,比 change 更通俗;Reform 改革 3、transfer;transform;transmit;transport;transit;transplant 、 ; ; ; ; ;

专升本大纲词汇表

3

成才热线:

中安 King 专升本英语 词汇

What pains us train us! Keep your eyes on the stars,and your feet on the ground.

Transfer 转移,转让;Transform 彻底的改变;Transmit 传播,传导(信号,天 线,疾病等);Transport 运输。名词或动词。另:transportation 交通运输,名词; Transit 经过;运送。名词或动词;Transplant 移植、移种、移居。 4、comprise;consist;constitute;compose。都有组成,构成的意思 、 ; ; ; 。都有组成, Comprise 及物动词,两种用法,整体和部分都可以在前,常用语主动语态,也可以 用被动。be comprised of;Consist 只能用作主动。不及物动词,常用搭配是 Consist of;Constitute 两个意思 1,组成,构成,及物动词 2,建立,制定。常用语主动语 态;Compose 一般用被动语态 be composed of。 5、interfere;intervene;interrupt;trouble;disturb; 、 ; ; ; ; ; Interfere 干预,干涉。不及物动词。常与 with,in 连用 。指未获允许干涉他人的 事情;Intervene 干涉,干预,介入。书面用语,语气较重。常与 in 连用。指介入 争端,进行调停等;Interrupt 打断。vi 和 vt 都可。注意和 break in 的区别。 Interrupt 指打断(说话无法继续),break in 指插话(说话仍可继续),非法闯入; Trouble 使烦恼,麻烦;Disturb 打扰,妨碍。 6、rise;arise;arouse,raise 、 ; ; , Rise,vi,意为“升起,增高,增涨”----- rise(rose,risen);arise,vi,意为“开始 发生,出现,产生” ----arise(arose,arisen;且 arise from“起源于,发生于”固 搭;raise,vt,意为“招募,养育,提高,举起,提出等含义;arouse,vt,意为激 起,唤醒。 7、be attracted to/by 被…所吸引;Be concentrated on 集中于;Be involved in 涉 所吸引; 集中于; 、 所吸引 卷入,陷入; 所吸引。 及,卷入,陷入;Be drawn to 被….所吸引。 所吸引 8、embarrass;disappoint;discourage;disappear;disaster 、 ; ; ; ; Embarrass 使尴尬,使窘促不安;Disappoint 使失望;Discourage 使气馁,失去信 心;Disappear 消失,失踪;Disaster 名词:灾难 9,affect; effect;impact;infect;reflect;influence ; ; ; ; ; Affect 动词,影响。affect=have an effect on;Effect 名词:效果,效应。常常与 on 连用。动词:实现,产生;Impact 动词或名词:影响。指具体事件的影响(一般指 收入,利润,利益等);Infect 传染,感染;Reflect 反射,反映;influence 影响, “感化”。侧重内在的,潜移默化的影响使一个人的行为或思想发生改变。 10,adjust;adapt;adopt;suit;fit , ; ; ; ; Adjust 1,适应;2,调整,校对+to 。主要用于调整角度、高度、光线等;Adapt 1,适应。一般用于适应新的条件或环境。用于适应的意思时,和 adjust 用法一样。 2,改编,编写;Adopt 1,收养,抚养。2,采用,采纳;Suit 做动词时,表明适合 要求,宾语一般是人。做名词指:一套衣服;Fit 一般用词,vi & vt。指人或物适合 或适应某一目的或用途。宾语可以是人,也可以是物。 11,come to/ draw /arrive at/ reach a conclusion 得出结论。 得出结论 , 12,prevent;preserve;forbid;ban;prohibit;object;restrain ;oppose;fight , ; ; ; ; ; ; ; Prevent 1,预防。2,阻止+from;Preserve 保护,保持,维持;Forbid 禁止,一般 用 forbid sb to do sth;Ban 禁止,指由于社会压力或谴责而禁止做某事。一般用 ban….from sth/doing ;Prohibit 禁止。指法律等做出的正式规定的禁止。一般用
专升本大纲词汇表 4 成才热线:

中安 King 专升本英语 词汇

What pains us train us! Keep your eyes on the stars,and your feet on the ground.

prohibit sb from sth/doing ;Object 后加 to 为介词,意思是:反对,to 是介词; Restrain,vt,抑制,克制,约束。名词:restrain;Opposevt 或 vi,反对。一般用 oppose + sth 或 be opposed to do sth;Fight 打架,斗争.Fight against 反对。 13,intend to; tend to;incline to ;lean to;be apt to , ; ; ; Intend to 打算做某事;Tend to 倾向于;Incline to 常用被动语态 be inclined to do sth 倾向于;Lean to 向….倾斜。意思为动作的倾斜;Be apt to = tend to 倾向于 14,acquire;require;inquire;request , ; ; ; Acquire 取得,获得= obtain;Require 需要,需求;Inquire 打听,咨询;Request 请 求,要求。 15,cure,heal;recover;treat , , ; ; Cure 治愈内科疾病,感冒,发烧,肚子疼,头疼等内科疾病;Heal 治愈外伤,伤 口,烧伤等外科疾病;Recover 恢复(体力,健康,能力等);Treat 普通用词,宾 , 语一般是人。指接受并治疗病人。 16,harm;hurt;wound;injure;damage;disable;spoil;destroy;ruin;wreck , ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; Harm 指身体或感情上受伤,一般用 do harm to sb;Hurt 指身体或感情上受伤,及 物动词,直接+ somebody;Wound 指在战争,暴力或武器中受的伤;Injure 在事 故,灾难中受伤;Damage 指无生命物体的损坏,破坏;Disable 受伤致残;Spoil 由 于纵容或者你爱造成的性情的扭曲。溺爱,宠坏;Destroy 指彻底的破坏;Ruin 由 于外部原因,致使彻底毁灭;wreck 车辆船舶的毁坏。 17, strike at;strive for;stick to ;stand for , ; ; Strike at 攻击,袭击;Strive for/ after 为…而努力,奋斗;Stick to 粘住,黏住;坚 持做…;Stand for 代表,支持,象征。 18,bring,carry,take,fetch,get , , , , , Bring 带来,拿来;Carry 把物品从一个地方带到另一个地方,不涉及方向,只强 调方式;Take 与 bring 的方向相反,指从说话者的地点把某物带走,侧重方向,不强 调方式;Fetch:指一来一回。相当于 go and bring 指取了东西再返回出发出; Get ,口头用语,相当于 fetch。 19,cost;spend,take;pay;expend , ; , ; ; Cost 指花费事件,金钱,劳力等。主语必须是物;Spend,与 cost 同意,主语是 人;Take 普通用词,指占用事时间,金钱,经历等。主语可以是人也可以是物。常 用 it takes.... to do sth; Pay 常与 for 连用,表示花费;Expend 一般搭配是: expend + 金钱,时间,经历+ on sth/ doing sth. 20,recognize;realize;recover;remember,resemble , ; ; ; , Recognize:原来认识,经过一段时间后认出某人;Realize 原来不认识或不知道,经过 一段时间后才意识到;Recover 恢复。不一定指人,也可指事物的恢复;Remember 想 起来,记起来; Resemble 像,类似+ in somebody 21,notice;see;watch;observe , ; ; ; Notice 意思是:注意。偶尔看到的,细小的但可能是重要的事情;See 强调看到的 结果,意思是看见;Watch 看到事物变化发展的过程;Observe 从不同的角度长时 间的观察,并研究。
专升本大纲词汇表 5 成才热线:

中安 King 专升本英语 词汇

What pains us train us! Keep your eyes on the stars,and your feet on the ground.

22, accuse,charge,scold,blame,curse , , , , , Accuse+ of 指责,指控;Charge 动词或名词。1,收费。2,控告 3,掌管,负责; Scold 责骂,责备;Blame 责备,责怪;Curse 诅咒,咒骂。 23,inherit,inhibit,inhabit , , , Inherit 继承;Inhibit 阻止; 抑制;inhabit 居住于, 栖居于 24,seat,sit , , seat,可以表示“坐”的意思,是及物动词,用被动语态;sit 是不及物动词,后面必 须加上介词。 25,attribute to ,contribute to ,devote to ,dedicate to ,owe to , Attribute to 认为…是; 归因于;Contribute to 促成,导致,有助于;Devote to 致力 于....;Dedicate to ,献(身)于…;Owe to 1,欠…(某物);2, 把…归功于 二)动词固定搭配 1、Break 的搭配 、 Break out (战争、打斗等不愉快事件)突然发生, 爆发 ;Break down 损坏,拆散,失 败;Break in 非法闯入;插话;Break through 突破,突围;Break off 中断,中止 2、bring 和 come 的搭配 、 bring about 导致,造成,引起,产生;come about 发生 ;bring back 带回,还回, 使想起;Bring out 使出版;出现,呈现= arise;Come out 出现,出版,显现; Bring up 提出、教育,养育;come up 出现;come up with 提出...想法;come up against 遭到....反对;Bring down 1,减少,降低,2,打败,击垮;Bring forward 提 出;Bring off 成功完成….;come across= run into= happen to meet = encounter 偶然相 遇;come to 共计。 3、call 的搭配 、 call for 去接,去取….、需要、要求;call on 拜访、号召,呼吁;call out 大声叫 喊,大声说出;call up 给….打电话、使回想起,使回忆起;call off 取消、停止 4、carry 的搭配 、 carry off 抢走、窃走;carry on 经营,从事、继续进行….;Carry out 执行,贯彻、 完成,实现 5、Count 的搭配 、 count in 把...算在内;count out 不把…考虑在内 ;count up 加起来, 算出总数 ; count down 倒数到零或规定的时间 ;count on 依赖, 依靠 = depend on = rely on 6、Get 的搭配 、 get over 克服,解决。困难,疾病等;Get along 1,进行,进展 ;get along with = get on with 与某人和睦相处;Get through 1,穿过; 通过 2,接通电话 7、Give 的搭配 、 give in 让步,屈服。=Give away to= yield to;give back 归还, 恢复 另:bring back 带回,还回;give off 指烟,热,光等 散发,释放;give up 放弃;give out = hand out 分发,分给 8、Go 的搭配 、

专升本大纲词汇表

6

成才热线:

中安 King 专升本英语 词汇

What pains us train us! Keep your eyes on the stars,and your feet on the ground.

go off 1, 离开,离去:2,(水电等)被切断,(煤气等)用完;go after 追求,追捕; go (a)round 1, 四处走走,2,(消息等)传开;go along with 1,陪伴,陪同(简单) =keep sb company 2,支持,赞同= agree with ;go into 1,进入 2,= investigate 调查, 研究;go over = review 复习; go out 1,外出,出去。2,熄灭 9、hand 的搭配 、 hand out 分发,分给;hand down 传承,传递;hand over 交出,交给;hand in 上 交,递交 10、hang 的搭配 、 Hang up 1,挂断电话,2,把.....挂起来;Hang about 徘徊,闲荡 ;Hang on 1,.坚持 下去: 2.抓紧不放,紧紧握住:。 11、hold 的搭配 、 hold up 举起= put up 、阻碍,延误;hold on 保持通话;坚持;hold off 推迟。 12、look 的搭配 、 look around 四处观望;Look up 1,向上看 2,查找;Look out 当心 ;look down upon/on 看不起,轻视 13、lay 的搭配 、 lay out 陈设,陈列;lay off 解雇,裁员;lay aside 把....放到一边、储存,注意:任 何一个动词+aside 意思都是把....放到一边、储存;lay down 放下,躺下 14、Make 的搭配 、 make out 理解, 明白 ;Make off 逃跑;make up 构成;make up for 补偿, 弥补 15、put 的搭配 、 put aside 放到一边,储存;Put away 1.收起来, 放好 2,储蓄,储存; Put across 1.用欺骗的方法使(某人)接受或相信 2.〈非正〉解释, 被理解 ; Put down 1,放下,2,记下,写下=write down、put down、set down、take down;put off 推迟;put up 建造,建立;举起;提出;put out 扑灭,熄灭、出版,发布 16、set 的搭配 、 set aside,1,把…存储起来;抽出(时间等);Set up 建立,建造, 创立, 竖立 = put up ;Set in 开始,到来,流行;Set down :放下、写下,记下;Set out 1.动身, 出 发 2.着手, 开始 17、take 的搭配 、 take after =resemble (在性格)像;与...相似;take apart 拆卸,拆开;take back = withdraw 拿回、收回;take down 记下,写下;take effect 生效;take ....for granted 认为…理 所当然, 想当然 take in 1,=understand 领会; 理解 2,= absorb 吸收 3,= cheat 欺骗; take off 1,脱掉脱去,移去 2, 飞机起飞;take on 1,承担责任 2,雇佣=employ3,呈 现;take up 1,占据时间 2,开始从事....;take part in 参加 ;take place 发生,举 行;take turns 轮流,依次。 18、turn 的搭配 、 turn down 1,关小音量 2,拒绝 ;turn up 1,开大音量 2,出现 ;turn out 结果是, 原来是 ;turn to 向...求助;turn on 打开;turn off 关掉;turn in 进入、上缴,上 交;turn over 把….反过来、仔细思考,深思。
专升本大纲词汇表 7 成才热线:

中安 King 专升本英语 词汇

What pains us train us! Keep your eyes on the stars,and your feet on the ground.

19、with 的搭配: 、 的搭配: get on with 继续做某事;与…和睦相处;put up with 容忍,忍受;Keep up with 跟 上,不落后;Go on with 继续做某事;come up with 提出。 三、形容词和副词考点总结 1,Willing;unwilling;reluctant;alert;intelligent;complacent;pleased; , ; ; ; ; ; ; ; satisfied willing 乐意的,心甘情愿的, 常用搭配:be willing to do sth;unwilling,willing 的 反义词,不乐意的,不情愿的;reluctant:=unwilling 勉强的,不情愿的;alert 警 惕,警觉;Intelligent:聪明的,智能的;Complacent:自满的,得意的;Pleased 高兴的;satisfied 满意的 2,dim;dark;vaguely;slightly; , ; ; ; ; dim 暗淡的,昏暗的;dark 黑暗的,阴暗的;vaguely 模糊地,含糊的;slightly 轻 微的,稍稍的。 3,famous;noted;distinguished; popular;fashionable;vogue;prevalent; , ; ; ; ; ; ; ; common;ordinary;general;usual;favorite;fond ; ; ; ; ; famous = noted= distinguished 著名的,闻名的。Be famous/ noted/ distinguished/ known for 以….而著名;Popular 流行的,受欢迎的。指大众的爱好或喜好; Fashionable 时尚的,时髦的= vogue;Prevalent 普遍的,常见的,盛行的。指当前 社会普遍存在的;Common 用于指物,指很常见,不稀奇;Ordinary 指物,指每天 都发生的,十分平淡无奇的。指人,指无特别之处,很一般;General 指大多如此, 很少有例外;Usual 指常见或常做的事情,指习惯性;Favourite 特别喜爱的,最喜 欢的;Fond 喜欢 be fond of = like 4,consequently;constantly;consistently;continuously; , ; ; ; ; consequently 因此,所以;constantly 不断地,时常地;consistently 一贯的,始终如 一的;continuously 连续不断的,接连的 5,barely;hardly;rarely;scarcely;merely;nearly , ; ; ; ; ; barely= hardly=rarely= scarcely 几乎不,否定含义。 merely 仅仅,只不过 = only;nearly 几乎 6,effect;affect;effective;efficient;efficacy; , ; ; ; ; ; effect 名词:影响,效果。动词,实现;affect 动词,影响;effective 有效地,生效 的;efficient 有能力的,效率高的;efficacy 名词:效力,功效 7,respectful;respective;respecting;respectable;respected , ; ; ; ; Respectful 恭敬的,有礼貌的;Respective 各自的,分别的 Respecting 关于,至于;Respectable 可敬的,值得尊敬的 8,lively;alive;live;living;alone;lonely;single;unique;sole;only; , ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; individual lively 生动的,活泼的;alive,live 和 living 都可以表示生物“活着的”,alive 一般 , 做后置定语,也可作表语。指本来有死的可能,但仍然活着。live 一般做前置定语, 特指动物:活着的。另:现场直播的, 实况转播的 。living 可做前置定语,也可作
专升本大纲词汇表 8 成才热线:

中安 King 专升本英语 词汇

What pains us train us! Keep your eyes on the stars,and your feet on the ground.

后置定语,也可作表语。指在某个时候是活着的。The living 表示活着的人;Alone 1,副词:单独,独自;仅仅,只有=only 表示只有本人,没有外人 2,形容词:单独 的;Lonely 1,形容词:孤独的,寂寞的。2,形容词:偏远的,人迹罕至的;Single 单独的,单一的;Unique 世界上独一无二的;Sole 指物,表示专有的,独有的,独 家的;Only 比 unique 的范围稍小,仅有的;Individual:单独的,个别的;个人 的,个体的。 9, particular;specific;peculiar;general;special;especial , ; ; ; ; ; particular 特别的,特殊的;special=particular 特殊的,特别的;peculiar 含有“与 众不同”,“独特”的意思;General 一般的,普遍的;especial 意思是“特别的”, 与 special 同义,但 special 的应用较普遍。 10, sometime;sometimes;some time; some times , ; ; ; sometime 表示过去或将来的某个时候;sometimes 有时候;some time 一段时间; some times 几次 11, like;as;alike ;likely ;same;similar , ; ; ; like 动词,喜欢。介词:像。名词:爱好;as 和 like 的区别:as 表示和….一样.like 表示 像….一样;alike(a)是表语形容词,通常它只能作表语。它前面不能用 very 修 饰。只能用 much 或 very much 修饰;alike 表示“相像”;当作副词时,表示“一样 地,相似地”;Likely 形容词或副词:可能;same 是形容词、副词或名词,作形容 词的意思为“同一的,同样的”。它无论作什么词性,前面都应有定冠词或等指示代 词修饰。 后常带 as 或 that;similar 是形容词或名词,作形容词的意思为“类似的, 相似的”,后面常跟介词 to。 12, plenty ;many;much;enough;adequate;sufficient ;deal;lot;most; , ; ; ; ; ; ; ; too;very ; plenty of +可数名词或不可数名词。许多,大量;many +可数名词复数;much+不可 数名词复数或形容词的比较级;enough :形容词或副词,足够的,前面可以有形容 词修饰:比如 large enough,当然也可以做形容词直接修饰名词;adequate 指充足 的;Sufficient:足够的,充足的。侧重数量达到某一特定的需求;deal:a great deal of 修饰不可数名词,a great number of 和 a great many of 修饰可数名词;Lot : a lot of 和 lots of 既可以修饰可数名词,也可以修饰不可数名词;Most:1,形容词: 大部分,后可直接加名词。2,副词,最….的。常用 the most +形容词构成最高级。 3,most of the +名词,指 大部分;too,1,也,又。放在整句话的后面,表示同 意。2,太,过于...,前面不能有 fairly,very,quite 修饰,但是可以有 far,rather, much,a little,a lot,a bit 修饰。3,cann't ....too.... 越....越好。Too.....to....太.....而 不.....;very 是一个副词,需要修饰形容词。 13, precious;expensive;wealthy;dear ;valuable , ; ; ; precious:宝贵的;expensive 昂贵的,值钱的;wealthy 富裕的;dear 亲爱的,昂贵 的;valuable 贵重的,值钱的;有价值的。常常指物。 14, how soon/ long/far/often/fast , how soon 指某件事情距离现在有多久会发生,回答用 in;how long 指某件事情持续 多长时间;或长度有多长。指多长时间时,回答用 一个时段(for) two days。等;
专升本大纲词汇表 9 成才热线:

中安 King 专升本英语 词汇

What pains us train us! Keep your eyes on the stars,and your feet on the ground.

how far 是提问路程有多远;How often 指事情发生的频率有多快,常见的回答有 often;sometimes;usually,once/ twice a week 等;How fast 提问速度有多快 15, good,well,better,best , , , , good 形容词:好的;well 副词:好的。形容词:健康的。名词:井;better :good 的比较级当两者比较时用:the better of the two 。只有句子中出现 of the two,前面才 用 the better;best 最高级,最好的 16, worth,worthy,worthwhile,worth while , , , , worth 是一个只能作表语的形容词,意思为“值……的”、“相当于……的价值 的”、“有……价值的”、“值得……的”。后接名词、接动名词的主动形式。 worthy 可作表语,也可作定语,既可以做前置定语,也可以做后置定语。作定 语时意思为“有价值的”、“值得尊敬的”、“应受到赏识的”;用作表语时意思为 “值得……的”、“应得到……的”,其后接 of sth./ of being done,也可以后接 to be done.,如果接动名词或者不定式都需要用被动形式。 worthwhile 与 worthy 一样,既可作表语,又可作定语,其做前置定语时,用法和 worthy 一样,不能做后置定语。表示某事因重要、有趣或受益大而值得花时间、金 钱或努力去做,一般做“值得的”、“值得做的”、“有意义的”解。用作表语时, 可接动名词或动词不定式。 Worth while 分开的形式,worth 做动词。 四、介词连词考点总结 1, beside,besides,except,except for,apart from,in addition to,beyond, , , , , , , , , within,as well as,but for , , beside 在…的旁边; except 和 except for 的区别:except 用于表示同类事物之间的关系,其意为"除…… 的区别: 以外"、"除去";except for 用于表示对主要部分的肯定和对局部的否定。它不表示同 类事物之间的关系,可以用于句首。 Except 和 besides 的区别:①We all went except him. 除他之外,我们都去了。(他没 的区别: 有去)②We all went besides him. 除他之外,我们大家也都去了。(他也去了) In addition to = besides; Apart from= besides/except; Beyond:超出,超过 常常+ one’s reach/control of sth; Within,beyond 的反义词。在…范围之内; As well as 和….一样,也….; But for 要不是,需要使用虚拟语气。 2,Increase to ,increase by,increase with, increase in , , , increase to 表示增长到;increase by 表示增长了;increase with ,随…增长 ;increase in 在…方面增长 3,By all means 当然,一定可以= definitely;By any means 无论如何;By every , means 用尽办法= in all sort of way ;By no means 绝不 其他的一些固定搭配参看课本上这一节划到的重点介词固定搭配。 其他的一些固定搭配参看课本上这一节划到的重点介词固定搭配。
专升本大纲词汇表 10 成才热线:

中安 King 专升本英语 词汇

What pains us train us! Keep your eyes on the stars,and your feet on the ground.

五、冠词和数词考点总结 冠词和数词考点总结 1,chapter x, the xth chapter 第几章节的表达方法,只有这两种是正确的。 , 2,连字符 “-”,用于数词和名词之间,变成一个形容词,表示“.....的”;注意: , ” three month ' s 的用法是错误的。后面不需要加所有格;基数词和名词构成合成词时 误用复数。注意:所有的词均需要用单数。 3,分数的表达方法 ,分数的表达方法,前面是分子,用基数词,后面是分母,用序数词,前面超过一 个后面就用复数。 中间加不加“-”均可 4,可以修饰可数名词的词有 ,可以修饰可数名词的词有: many,few,a few ,a lot of, lots of, plenty of, a (large/great/good) number of. 可以修饰不可数名词的词有: 可以修饰不可数名词的词有:much,little, a little, a lot of ,lots of ,plenty of, a (large/great/good) amount/quantity /deal of 语法 一:时态和语态 一)时态 1,12 种常见时态的基本用法,各种时态的基本表达方式以及时间顺序。 , 种常见时态的基本用法,各种时态的基本表达方式以及时间顺序。 一般现在时:表示现状,性质,特点或者客观真理。常与 always,often,usually 等 一般现在时 词连用 现在进行时:表示正在发生的动作。常与 continually,constantly,all the time 等词连 现在进行时 用 现在完成时:表示已经完成或存在的状态。常与 since,for,yet,already 等词连用 现在完成时 现在完成进行时:表示动作持续到现在可能刚刚中止,也可能继续进行 现在完成进行时 一般过去式:表示过去某一时刻发生的动作。常与 ago,yeaterday,when...等词连用 一般过去式 过去进行时:表示过去某一时间段持续进行的动作。常用词语现在进行时一样 过去进行时 过去完成时:过去的过去,必须在过去的界定条件下才可以使用。常用 by +过去的 过去完成时 时间/ 一般过去式的句子 过去完成进行时:动作持续到过去的一个时间可能刚刚中止,也可能继续进行 过去完成进行时 一般将来时:将来的动作,主语 will,shall,be going to ,be to 和 be about to 的区 一般将来时 别 将来进行时:将来的时间里可能持续发生的动作 将来进行时 过去将来时:表示从过去某时间看将来要发生的事情 过去将来时 将来完成时:动作要到将来某一时间完成。常用 by + 将来的时间/ 一般现在时的句 将来完成时 子 2,make sure/certain,in case 等词 后面的从句常用现在时表示将来时 , 3,主句是现在时态或将来时态,从句可以为任何时态。主句为过去的时态,从句必 须是过去的时态。 二)被动语态 1,不能用被动语态的情况 不能用被动语态的情况:A:不及物动词 B: 表示状态而不是动作的词,如 不能用被动语态的情况 cost,fit, lack ,want,wish suit 等
专升本大纲词汇表 11 成才热线:

中安 King 专升本英语 词汇

What pains us train us! Keep your eyes on the stars,and your feet on the ground.

2,感官动词 感官动词(hear,feel,listen to ,see,watch,notice 等),使役动词:have, 使役动词: 感官动词 使役动词 make,help,let 等。被动时,需要将 to 补上。 3,被动语态一般都与其他考点综合考察,当看到选项有被动选项时,首先应该考虑 是否具有被动关系。

二,非谓语动词 一)动词不定式 1,动词不定式短语作主语时,往往放在谓语动词的后面,用引导词 it 作形式主语。 动词不定式短语作主语时, 动词不定式短语作主语时 如果不定式作宾语而又跟有补语, 如果不定式作宾语而又跟有补语,这时,通常要用"it"作形式宾语,而将不定式放到 补语后面去。 2,动词不定式的逻辑主语: 动词不定式的逻辑主语: 动词不定式的逻辑主语 1)it is + adj+ for sb.常用于表示事物的特征特点,表示客观形式的形容词,如 easy, hard, difficult, interesting, impossible 等: 2)it is + adj+of sb.的句型一般表示人物的性格,品德,表示主观感情或态度的形容 词,如 good, kind, nice, clever, foolish, right 等。 3, 动词不定式作定语:①用不定式作定语时,如果它与所修饰的词是动宾关系,所 动词不定式作定语: 以如果不定式是不及物动词,其后面应跟上必要的介词。②不定式作定语,如果与他 所修饰的词是动宾关系,则不定式后面不能再带宾语。 4,动词不定式作状语:①不定式能够修饰作表语或宾语补足语的形容词,在句中作 动词不定式作状语: 动词不定式作状语 状语,这时不定式不能再带宾语。②作状语的不定式的逻辑主语必须与句子主语一 致。 5, 不定式的时态和语态 被动式 to be studied;进行式 to be studying;完成式 to 不定式的时态和语态: 进行式 完成式 have studied; 被动完成式 to have been studied 6,有些动词要求省掉 to 的不定式做宾语补足语:主要有: 有些动词要求省掉 的不定式做宾语补足语: A:感官动词 感官动词(hear,feel,listen to ,see,watch,notice 等),使役动词 使役动词:have, 感官动词 使役动词 make,help,let 等。 B:can not help but do(不得不);can not but do(不得不);cannot choose but do(只 能);had better do(最好);would rather do(宁愿) 7,两个不定式由 and,except,or,than 连接时,可以省略第二个 to,由 but 连接 时,如果前面有 do 及其变形,可以省略第二个 to,反之则不行。 二)动名词 1,it is no use/no good/useless/(not) wise/ worthwhile/ of great(no,little) importance 等句 式,后加动名词 2,常用动名词做宾语的动词:admit,suggest, dislike, appreciate, enjoy, keep, prevent 常用动名词做宾语的动词: 常用动名词做宾语的动词 等。注意还有一些课本上的词。 3,动名词的逻辑主语:如果动名词动作的发出者不是谓语动词的主语时,则需要有 动名词的逻辑主语: 动名词的逻辑主语 自己的逻辑主语。但是,如果动名词的逻辑主语与句子的主语相同,则不应再有逻辑 主语。逻辑主语可以用物主代词和名词所有格,也可以用人称代词宾格或名词的普通 格。例如:his/ him doing sth。
专升本大纲词汇表 12 成才热线:

中安 King 专升本英语 词汇

What pains us train us! Keep your eyes on the stars,and your feet on the ground.

4,动名词的时态和语态:完成式:having done;被动式 being done;完成被动式: 动名词的时态和语态: 动名词的时态和语态 having been done 5,既可以用动词不定时又可以用动名词的一些词的意义区别:主要有:forget, 既可以用动词不定时又可以用动名词的一些词的意义区别 既可以用动词不定时又可以用动名词的一些词的意义区 remember,stop,regret,try,mean,go on + to do/ doing 6, allow, permit, forbid,encourage,advise 后面无宾语时,接 doing;后面有宾语 时,接 to do 7,动名词在固定结构中的使用 动名词在固定结构中的使用 1) have difficulty /trouble/problem/a hard time/a good time + (in)+doing 2) feel like + 名词/动名词 "想要" 3) spend/waste time doing sth 4) cannot help doing sth.忍不住(做什么)。这一句型要和 can not help but do(不得 不)以及 can not but do(不得不)区分开来 5) something need/want/require +动名词表被动意义;be busy doing sth.忙于干某事 6) be worth doing sth.值得… 7) What about/how about doing …怎么样? 三)分词 1,动词不定式,动名词与分词的否定形式是在它们的前面加 not,never 2,分词作定语:现在分词表示主动和进行,过去分词表示被动和完成。不定式表示 分词作定语: 分词作定语 将来。 3,分词作状语:1)分词作状语时,它的逻辑主语必须与句子的主语一致。 分词作状语: 分词作状语 2) 分词有时还可由连词 when,while,if,after,before,on,unless 等词引出,通 , , , , , , 常表示一种状态,当这些连词没有主语的时候,其后可以直接跟一个分词来表示一种 伴随状态,分词的使用要和主句的主语保持一致。 3) 分词作状语时,要特别注意其逻辑主语和主句谓语动词的一致性。否则,分词必 须有自己的主语。这种带主语的分词结构称为独立主格结构 独立主格结构。 独立主格结构 4,分词作宾语补足语:1) 使役动词 have, make, get 的后面可以接过去分词作宾 分词作宾语补足语 分词作宾语补足语: 补,keep 的后面则接现在分词作宾补。在"have+ sth.+过去分词"的结构中,宾语补语 所表示的动作往往是由别人来完成的。也可以用 have+sb/sth +现在分词”,表示宾语 补语的动作正在进行。也可以用 Have + sb/sth+ do,表示一种状态,并不表示被动或 进行。 2) 表示感觉的动词 notice, find, see, watch, hear, smell, feel 等感官动词 感官动词后面用省掉 to 感官动词 的动词不定式作宾语补语,通常表示(强调)动作从开始到结束的全过程。如果用现在 分词作宾语补语,则通常表示动作正在进行。 5,分词作表语:现在分词作表语表示主语的特征,常用于事物;过去分词作表语表 分词作表语: 分词作表语 示主语的状态,常用于人。现在分词意思是“令人...”,过去分词意思是“某人感 到....”;分词作表语时,现在分词有“主动”、“进行”、等意义;过去分词有“被 动”、“完成”等意义。 6,分词的时态和语态:1)过去分词没有完成时态和被动语态 分词的时态和语态: 分词的时态和语态 2) 现在分词的时态和语态:完成式:having done;被动式:being done。表示"正在 现在分词的时态和语态: 被....";完成被动式:having been done
专升本大纲词汇表 13 成才热线:

中安 King 专升本英语 词汇

What pains us train us! Keep your eyes on the stars,and your feet on the ground.

三、情态动词和虚拟语气考点总结 情态动词: 一)情态动词: 常见的情态动词有 can ,could,may ,might,must,should,ought to,need,dare,ought to. 特别注意: 特别注意:没有 will 和 would 1, can 表示能,could 是它的过去式, 表示能, 是它的过去式, May 表示可能,might 是它的过去式。 表示可能, 是它的过去式。 语气方面:can 最直截了当,could 礼貌客气,may 既尊重又礼貌,might 含做作的 成分。 2,must 的含义 的含义,第一个含义是:必须。其否定回答一般是:need not 或者 don't , have to. 第二个含义是:肯定。其否定形式是 can't 不可能。 而 mustn't 的意思是:禁止,绝 对不行。 3,need 作为情态动词的时候,一般只用于肯定句和疑问句中。当然也可以作为实义 , 动词,意思是需要。需要注意的是:情态动词的否定用 needn't,实义动词的否定用 don't need. 另:dare 同 need 的用法,一般用于否定句和疑问句中。往往具有实义动词的意思。 4,should 和 ought to 的用法。其否定形式是:shouldn't 和 ought not to 。意思是: , 应该。 5,情态动词 have+ done ,情态动词+ Must have done 肯定已经做过 may/might have done 可能已经做过.... May/ might not have done 可能不会做过.... Needn't have done 做了不必要或不需要做的事情。 an/ could have done 可能已经 can/ could not have done 不可能已经。 Should/ ought to have done 应该做的事情却没做。Should not have done/ ought not to have done 做了不应该做的事情。 二)虚拟语气: 虚拟语气: 第一, 条件句。 第一,if 条件句。 1,普通状态: ,普通状态: 1),对现在的虚拟 对现在的虚拟:从句:If+主语+过去式(be--were)+... 对现在的虚拟 主句:主语+should/could/might/could + 动词原形+..... 2),对过去的虚拟 对过去的虚拟:If+主语+had+过去分词+... 对过去的虚拟 主句:主语+should/could/might/could + have+过去分词+..... 3),对将来的虚拟 对将来的虚拟:从句:If+主语+should/were to/ were going to + 动词原形+... 对将来的虚拟 主句:主语+should/could/might/could + 动词原形+..... 2,if 条件句中的从句中有 were,had,could,should。可以省掉 if ,使用倒装结 , , , 构。注意:只把 were,had,could,should 提到句首,其他的一律不倒装。除非有 weren't/ hadn't/ couldn't/shouldn't 这些分不开的形式。
专升本大纲词汇表 14 成才热线:

中安 King 专升本英语 词汇

What pains us train us! Keep your eyes on the stars,and your feet on the ground.

3,用介词短语替代 if 条件句 介词短语替代 条件句,其后的句子和 if 条件句主句的变化形式相同。这些词 包括:but,but for, with ,without,under,otherwise 等。如果这些词后面+ 客观 事实,主句表示对现在的虚拟,用 should/could/might/could + 动词原形。如果这些 词后面加一个具体的事情,就默认这个事情为过去的事情,主句表示对过去的虚拟, 用主语+should/could/might/could + have+过去分词+.....。 4,有些虚拟语气是可以省略主句或者从句 省略主句或者从句的,往往都是其前面或者后面有一个陪衬 省略主句或者从句 的句子。起到一个解释说明的作用,中间是句号。这种题目要根据陪衬的句子来分析 是对现在,过去,还是将来的虚拟。 5,混和虚拟语气。当条件状语从句表示的行为和主句表示的行为所发生的时间不一 混和虚拟语气。 混和虚拟语气 致时,动词的形式要根据它所表示的时间来调整。往往主句或从句有一个明确的时 往往主句或从句有一个明确的时 间点来界定。 间点来界定。 第二, 第二,Wish/ if only/ even if(though)/as if(though)/ suppose,这几个词需要引导虚拟 语气,其变化形式基本同 if 条件句引导的虚拟语气,需要注意的是:将来形式不 同。这些词引导的虚拟语气形式是: 对现在的虚拟 在的虚拟:从句谓语用:过去式(were) 对现在的虚拟 对过去的虚拟:从句谓语用:had+过去分词/ could have + 过去分词 对过去的虚拟 对将来的虚拟:从句谓语用:would/ could +动词原形 对将来的虚拟 第三, 第三,过去式形式 1, It is (high/ about)time (that),后面的从句谓语动词用 过去式或者 should do, ) should 不能省略。 2,would(just) rather/ sooner/ as soon ,从句谓语动词用 过去式。注意这些词在 ( ) 动词不定式中的应用与这里的区别。 第四, 形式, 可省略。 第四,should do 形式,should 可省略。 1,for fear that 和 lest 从句谓语动词 用(should) do 2,一些表示建议,要求,命令 建议, 建议 要求,命令的动词引导的宾语从句。其名词形式引导的从句。以 及 it is + suggested that 的形式。 这些动词有:suggest ,insist, recommend, order,propose,urge,require, advise,request,desire, command,demand,arrange,move 等。 其名词性是有:suggestion,insistence , recommendation, order,proposal,urge, requirement,advice,request,desire,command, demand,arrangement,motion. 另外还包括:necessity,decision,resolution,plan 等词 3,it is + 形容词 形容词+that ,这些形容词有:important,necessary,essential, advisable,better,vital 等。

定语从句: 四,定语从句: 1,在非正式场合, that 有时可用来代替关系副词或相当于关系副词的“介词 , +which”,而且经常全部省略, 2,是用关系代词还是用关系副词: ,是用关系代词还是用关系副词:
专升本大纲词汇表 15 成才热线:

中安 King 专升本英语 词汇

What pains us train us! Keep your eyes on the stars,and your feet on the ground.

方法一: 用关系代词,还是关系副词完全取决于从句中的谓语动词。及物动词后面 无宾语,就必须要求用关系代词;而不及物动词则要求用关系副词。 方法二: 准确判断先行词在定语从句中的成分(主、谓、宾、定、状),也能正确选 择出关系代词/关系副词。 3,定语从句中的时态。如果主句是一般将来时或过去将来时,从句的动作与主句的 ,定语从句中的时态。 同时发生,那么该从句要用一般现在时表示一般将来时、用一般过去时表示过去将来 时。 4,限制性和非限制性定语从句 , 1)定语从句有限制性和非限制性两种。限制性定语从句是先行词不可缺少的部分, 去掉它主句意思往往不明确;非限制性定语从句是先行词的附加说明,去掉了也不会 影响主句的意思,它与主句之间通常用逗号分开。 2)当先行词是专有名词或物主代词和指示代词所修饰时,其后的定语从句通常是非 限制性的。 3)非限制性定语从句还能将整个主句作为先行词, 对其进行修饰, 这时从句谓语动 词要用第三人称单数。 4)关系代词 that 和关系副词 why 不能引导非限制性定语从句 5,介词+关系词 ,介词 关系词 1)介词后面的关系词不能省略。 2)that 前不能有介词。 3)某些在从句中充当时间,地点或原因状语的"介词+关系词"结构可以同关系副词 when 、where,why ,whose 互换。 4)在“介词+关系代词”的结构中,也可用复杂介词,如:by means of (用,依 靠),as a result of (作为结果)等 6,as, which 非限定性定语从句 , as 和 which 在引导非限制性定语从句时,这两个关系代词都指主句所表达的整个意 思,且在定语从句中都可以作主语和宾语。但不同之处主要有两点: 1) as 引导的定语从句可置于句首,而 which 不可。 2)在 the same 和 such 之后,定语从句用 as 引导。 3)as 引导非限定性定语从句即可放在主句之前,也可放在主句之后,用来修饰整 个句子。当 as 在从句中作主语时,后面常接下列句型。如:as is known, as is said, as is reported as is announced 等。 7,一个先行词后面可以跟一个以上的定语从句,这种现象叫双重关系从句: ,一个先行词后面可以跟一个以上的定语从句,这种现象叫双重关系从句: He is the only person that I can find who is able to solve the problem。 他是我能找到的唯一解决这个问题的人。 8,先行词和关系词合二为一:what/whatever;that/what; who/whoever ,先行词和关系词合二为一: what = the thing that;whatever = anything that/which who= the person that whoever= anyone who/that 9,关系代词 that 的用法 , 1)不用 that 的情况 a) 在引导非限定性定语从句时。 b) 介词后不能用。 2) 只能用 that 作为定语从句的关系代词的情况 a) 先行词由 the same, the very, the first, the last, the only, the one, all, no, much, few,little, none, any, every 等时,常用 that, 而不用 which
专升本大纲词汇表 16 成才热线:

中安 King 专升本英语 词汇

What pains us train us! Keep your eyes on the stars,and your feet on the ground.

b) 先行词为序数词、数词、形容词最高级时,只用 that。 c) 先行词既有人,又有物时,只用 that。 10,定语从句可以是一个动词不定式,但一般要使用“介词+关系代词“这种形式出 ,定语从句可以是一个动词不定式, 现。

五:状语从句: 状语从句: 时间状语从句: 一)时间状语从句:when,while,as,after,before,as soon as, since,till/until, , , , , , , , by the time 1,when, while, as 的区别:when 即可引导延续性又可引导短暂性动词,还可以表示从 句动作在主句之前或之后发生;while 必须引导延续性动词,强调两个动作同时发 生,又可表示类比;as 表示一边,一边。引导延续性动作 2,Before 引导的句子,主句时间在前,从句时间在后,after 引导的句子,主句时间 在后,从句时间在前。 3, since 引导的从句的谓语动词可以是延续性的动词,又可以是瞬时动词。一般情况 下,从句谓语动词用一般过去时,而主句的谓语动词用现在完成时。但在 It is +时 间+since 从句的句型中,主句多用一般现在时,从句用一般过去时。 4,as soon as, immediately, directly,instantly,the moment,the minute,once 表 示“一....就”。 Hardly....when, no sooner....than 意思与此相同,但是主句用过去完成 时,从句用一般过去式。 5,each time, every time 和 whenever 每次,每当。 地点状语从句: 二)地点状语从句: 1,wherever/ anywhere = no matter where 2, everywhere:每个地方 条件状语从句: 三)条件状语从句: 1,unless= if not 除非 2,as long as,so long as 只要;in case 以防,以免 , 3, on condition that,providing that, provided that,supposing/supposed that, =if , ),原因状语从句 四),原因状语从句 1,because 表示直接原因,语气最强 2,since 表示已知原因,语气比 because 弱 3,seeing (that), now (that), considering (that), in that, given that 意思为“既然,因 为”。 4,as 表示双方都知道的原因,一般用于句首 5,for 引导的原因只能放在主句之后并且用逗号隔开 五),目的状语从句 1,so that 以至于= in order that,另外还有 for the purpose that ,so much so that. 六),结果状语从句 1,so....that ,such....that :so+adj/adv, such+n 2,to the degree (that), to the extent (that), to such a degree (that), to such an extent (that)

专升本大纲词汇表

17

成才热线:

中安 King 专升本英语 词汇

What pains us train us! Keep your eyes on the stars,and your feet on the ground.

So 和 such 的区别 的区别:such 是形容词,修饰名词或名词词组,so 是副词,只能修饰形 容词或副词。 1,单数可数名词钱有不定冠词与形容词是,so 和 such 的位置不同。 So+adj/adv + a/an + n;Such + a/an + adj + n 2,so 后即使有形容词,也不能修饰复数名词和不可数名词,而 such 可以。 3,名词前有 many,much,little,few 修饰时,需要用 so,不用 such,但是当 little 表 示“小”而不表示“少”的意思时,用 such 七)让步状语从句 1,as,though 引导的让步状语从句,需要倒装:adj/adv+ as/though+主语+谓语。但 , 是 although 不能,他们不能与 but 连用 2,even if 和 even though :即使 3,no matter +疑问词 = 疑问词 ever 不管.....都。注意:no matter how 和 however 疑问词+ 疑问词 后要直接加形容词或者副词+主语+谓语 4,despite= in spite of 尽管,他们要使用状语从句需要用 despite/ in spite of the fact that... 5,while 有时也可表示让步的意思:虽然。位于句首。 八),比较状语从句 1, 同级比较:as +adj + as ,not so (as) + adj + as;比较级: adj 比较级+ than;最 同级比较: 比较级: 比较级 最 高级: 高级:the most+ adj ,the +adj 最高级。 2,倍数的表达:主语+谓语+倍数+as + adj+ as;主+谓+倍数+more than;主+谓+倍数 倍数的表达: 倍数的表达 +the size,amount,length+ of 3,the 比较级 比较级....... The 比较级。主句与从句句式要一致 比较级。 4,(Just) as..... (so)..... 正如 ,......也.....,主句与从句句式要一致 正如......, 也 , 5,more than 的用法:多于,不止;More than+adj:很,非常; No more than 只不 过,not more than 不如;more+ adj + than +adj ,肯定前者,否定后者,是.....而不 是..... 6,as far as 和 so far as 1,表示直到....为止。 前者用于肯定句,后者用于否定句。 2, 表示就....而言,两者可以互换 九)方式状语从句 1,引导词有:as 正如,as if/though 好像,引导虚拟语气; the way 正如。

六:名词性从句: 名词性从句: 疑问词引导的主语,表语和宾语从句:1,疑问词本身有意义,2,疑问词在句子中做 疑问词 成分,3,从句用陈述语气。这些疑问词有:who, whom, whose, what, which, where, why, when, how 包括 whatever,whoever,wherever,whenever,whichever,注意:没有 whomever。 一)主语从句 1,主语从句常用 it 做形式主语,也可以以疑问词或者 that,whether 放在句首引导 主语从句常用 做形式主语, , 的正常句式的主语从句,要学会使用。引导主语从句的 that 不能省略,引导宾语从 的正常句式的主语从句,要学会使用 句的 that 可以省略。
专升本大纲词汇表 18 成才热线:

中安 King 专升本英语 词汇

What pains us train us! Keep your eyes on the stars,and your feet on the ground.

2,whether 既可以引导主语也可以引导宾语从句,但 if 不能引导主语从句,whether 后可以加 or not,if 不行。作介词宾语时不用 if 二)宾语从句 1,可用疑问词,that 和 if 引导宾语从句。 2,think,believe,suppose,expect 等动词的宾语从句,其否定形式为将 think 变为 , , , 否定 3,当宾语从句后还有补语时,it 做形式宾语 做形式宾语,而将整整的宾语从句放在句尾 4,that 引导的名词性从句还可以用在一些表达感情色彩的形容词后面。如 sure, certain,doubtful,worried,glad ,happy 等 三)同位语从句 1,同位语从句常见的引导词:news,fact,idea,truth,suggestion,doubt,belief 等。起到补充说明的作用。其引导词只能是 that,而主语从句,宾语从句和表语从 其引导词只能是 ,而主语从句, 句的引导词可以是疑问词, 句的引导词可以是疑问词,that 或 whether,if。注意其与定语从句的区别。 , 。 四)表语从句 1,表语从句:可以用 that 引导,也可以用疑问词引导。正式文体中不省略,非正式 文体中省略。 七,强调句和倒装句 一)强调句 1,强调非谓语: ,强调非谓语: 1)一般句式:it is/was +强调的成分+ that/who/whom+ 其他成分 2)注意一般疑问句和特殊疑问句的倒装强调句型。 3)注意 not … until … 句型的强调句,it is not until ....that..... 4)强调主语时,that 或 who 后面的谓语动词的形式仍然取决于原句中的主语 5)注意强调句与主语从句,定语从句和状语从句的区别。 2,强调谓语 强调谓语: 强调谓语 助动词 do 的各种变形+动词原形。谓语动词只有两种时态能强调,即一般现在时和 一般过去时。在一般现在时中,do 有人称的变化,第三人称单数用 does,一般过去 时 do 变成 did。 二)倒装句 1)完全倒装:是指将句子中的谓语动词全部置于主语之前。此结构通常只用于一般 )完全倒装: 现在时和一般过去时。 1: 以 here, there, now, then 等副词开头的句子中。习惯上用一般现在时(除以 then 开头的句子用过去时)。用完全倒装。 2: such 放在句首可以表示强调,意思是:“这就是”,用完全倒装。 3: 表示运动方向的副词,介词 副词, 副词 介词置于句首,需要使用完全倒装。这些词有 in,away, up,out,down,under,behind,ahead 等。 2) 部分倒装:是指将谓语的一部分如助动词或情态倒装至主语之前。如果句子的 部分倒装: 谓语没有助动词或情态动词,则需添加助动词 do, does 或 did,并将其置于主语之 前。 1: 一般疑问句和特殊疑问句 一般疑问句和特殊疑问句要倒装 部分倒装。
专升本大纲词汇表 19 成才热线:

中安 King 专升本英语 词汇

What pains us train us! Keep your eyes on the stars,and your feet on the ground.

2: There be 句型当中。There be 句型表达的意思是:“某处有….”。这个句型的 主语在谓语动词后面,因此这是倒装语序。注意:there be 句型的时态;当 have, has 表示“有”的含义的时候,不能连用;there be 句型的变形,用一些表示具体行 为的动词代替 be 动词。 3: 当连词 as 表示“虽然、尽管”引导让步状语从句时,句子要倒装,as 相当于 though,可以替换。形容词/副词+as + 主语+谓语,主句。部分倒装。 4:虚拟语气条件从句中的 if 被省略时,要把从句中的 were, had 或 should, , could 移到主语之前。(if 的省略、倒装只限于从句中有 were, had 或 should, could 这三个词时。)。部分倒装。 5:以 so 开头的,表示“也一样”,“也这样”的句子要倒装。So 用于肯定句,代 替上文中的形容词、名词或动词,通常指前面所说的肯定情况也适用于其他人或物。 结构是“so + be (do, have 其他助动词或情态动词)+主语”。注意:so 后面的谓语 动词要同前半句的第一个谓语动词一致,如果只有一个谓语动词,使用助动词。使用 部分倒装形式。注意:如果只是对前句的内容表示同意,则不要倒装。 6:以 neither 与 nor 开头的句子,表示“…也不”时,句子倒装。Neither 与 nor 意思相同,可以互换。Neither, nor 用于否定句,通常指前面所说的否定情况也适用 于其他人或物。结构是:Neither (nor) + be (do, have, 其他助动词或情态动词) +主 语。部分倒装。Neither,nor 后面的谓语动词要同前半句的第一个谓语动词一致,如 果只有一个谓语动词,使用助动词。 7:在表示祝愿 祝愿的句子中,用部分倒装。常见的有 May, Long live 等。 祝愿 8:在以 never, hardly, scarcely, rarely, barely, seldom, not only, not until, nor, little, nowhere, hardly….when, no sooner….than, by no means, under no circumstances 等开头的句子中,主谓要倒装。这些都是表示否定或半否定意义的词或词组 表示否定或半否定意义的词或词组。,部 分倒装。 9:在以“only+状语 状语”开头的句子中,主谓要倒装。这里 only 后面必须跟有它修饰 “ 状语 的状语或状语从句 状语或状语从句,这是关键。否则就不倒装。 状语或状语从句

八、、主谓一致 主谓一致 一)就近原则 就近原则。 就近原则 1,Or,either...or, neither...nor, not only... But also.引导的两个并列主语,谓语动词要 同离主语最近的主语一致。 2,如果 there be 后面有两个或两个以上并列主语时,谓语也和最临近的那个一致。 如果 there be 后面只有一个主语,就和那个主语保持一致。 二)首主语决定原则 首主语决定原则。 当两个主语由 as well as, as much as,with,along with, together with, including, followed by, like, unlike,except, but, besides,rather than 等词连接时,谓语动词由第一个 主语决定。 三)单数原则 单数原则。即谓语动词需要使用单数。 单数原则 1,many a, more than one + 主语。即使主语是由 and 连接的两个或两个以上的主 语,谓语动词都用单数。
专升本大纲词汇表 20 成才热线:

中安 King 专升本英语 词汇

What pains us train us! Keep your eyes on the stars,and your feet on the ground.

2,either,neither,every,one,no,each,the other,another 做主语,或这些词+名 词做主语时。即使主语是由 and 连接的两个或两个以上的主语,谓语动词都用单 数。 3,a/this/that + kind/sort/type/pair....形容词+of 做主语时 4,some/any/no/every + thing/one/body 做主语时,谓语动词用单数。做宾语时,同宾 语决定原则,谓语动词也用单数。 5,不定式,动名词,介词短语,wh—+ to do,名词性从句等做主语时,谓语动词用 单数。注意:如果是由 and 或 both and 等表示复数含义的词连接的两个或两个以上的 这种类型的主语时,谓语动词用复数。 6,furniture,baggage/laggage, machinery,clothing,jewelry 等集体名词做主语时。 7,表示时间,距离,金钱,重量等词,尽管是复数形式,但是作为整体看待,谓语 动词用单数。当数词做主语时,谓语动词用单数。 8,如果是由 and 连接的一个人或一件事情,谓语动词用单数。 四)复数原则 复数原则。即谓语动词需要用复数 复数原则 1,and, both....and...引导的两个并列主语,注意:单数原则的 1,2 两点的例外。 2,复型名词:glasses,shoes,socks,gloves 等词 3,people,police,cattle 等词,注意 people 作为民族的意思时,是可数名词,有单 复数形式的变化。 五)宾语决定原则 宾语决定原则。即谓语动词由其后所带的宾语决定。 宾语决定原则 1,what,who,which 等疑问词引导的疑问句,其谓语动词由句子的宾语决定。 2,there be 句型,包括 there be 句型的变形形式。即 be 动词可以使其他的实义动 词,如:seems,happened,appears 等等。 六)集体名词原则 1,群体名词:family,army,crowd,population 等词,即如果这些名词作为一个整 体看待,谓语动词用单数,考虑到整体的每一个成员,谓语动词用复数。 2,all+句子。原则同上。 3,the+adj,表示一类人时,谓语动词用复数。表示抽象概念是,谓语动词用单数, 大多数情况下,表示一类人。 七)主语名词决定原则 主语名词决定原则。即谓语动词由主语中的名词决定。 主语名词决定原则 1,any,more,some,half,most,all,none....+ of 做主语时,或者这些词直接加名 词做主语时,谓语动词往往与这个名词相一致。如果名词是可数名词单数或不可数名 词,谓语动词用单数。如果名词是可数名词复数,谓语动词用复数。 2,a+单数名词+or two 做主语时,谓语动词用单数;one or two +复数做主语时,谓语 动词用复数。 3,means,works 等单复数通行的词作主语时,如果前面有 each,every,no, either,neither 等表示单数概念的词修饰时,谓语动词用单数。如果由 all,both, some,any 等表示复数概念的词修饰时,谓语动词用复数。 4,分数,百分比+of+名词做主语时,谓语动词与 of 后的名词保持一致。 5,a number of +名词,谓语动词用复数。The number of +名词,谓语动词用单数。

专升本大纲词汇表

21

成才热线:

中安 King 专升本英语 词汇

What pains us train us! Keep your eyes on the stars,and your feet on the ground.

6,the rest 引导的句子,如果只剩下一个,谓语动词用单数。如果剩余两个或两个以 上,谓语动词用复数。 7,在句子中,真正的主语可以被 of,in,at,on 等介词引导的定语所修饰,在做定 语从句等相关的题目时,要找出句子真正的主语或先行词,不要被这些介词所引导的 定语所迷惑。

另:插入语和反义疑问句。 插入语和反义疑问句。 插入语 一个句子中间插入一个成分,它不作句子的何种成分,也不和句子的何种成分发生 结构关系,同时既不起连接作用,也不表示语气,这个成分称之插入语。并不影响句子的 使用。常见的插入句如下: I think / hope / expect / believe / suppose, I am sure (我 可以肯定地说), that is ( to say )(也就是说), what's more, what's worse, what is important / serious (重要 / 严重的是), as we all know (众所周 知)等。注意:I think / hope / expect / believe / suppose 等结构在疑问句中为 do you 注意: 注意 think / hope / expect / believe / suppose 反义疑问句 大的原则: 大的原则:前半句为肯定句,反义疑问句就用否定。前半句为否定句,或者带 有半否定词的句子,后半句反义疑问句则用肯定。 1.当陈述部分的主语是 I,而句子又用来征询对方的意见时,附加疑问句中的主语 用 you。 2.如果陈述部分用 I’m…结构,附加疑问部分一般用 aren’t I。 3. 当陈述句为 there be 结构时,附加疑问句中的主语也用 there。 4. 陈述部分带有 seldom, hardly, never, rarely, few, little,nowhere, nothing 等否定词或半 否定词时,附加疑问部分的动词用肯定形式。 如果陈述部分的否定词带有否定前缀,那么,该陈述部分作肯定处理,附加疑问部分 一般仍用否定形式。 5. 当陈述部分为主从复合句时,附加疑问部分一般应与主句的主语和谓语动词保持 对应关系。 但当陈述部分的主语是 I,谓语是 think, believe, suppose, expect 这类动词时,附加疑 问部分则往往与从句中的主语和谓语动词保持对应关系,但要注意否定的转移。 6.当陈述部分是并列句,附加疑问句则需和就近的分句的主语和谓语一致。 7.在由“祈使句+附加疑问”构成的附加疑问句中,附加疑问部分一般用 will you, won’t you, would you。 但是,以 let’s 开头的祈使句,附加疑问部分用 shall we;以 let us 开头的祈使句,如 果含义是 allow us,不包括听话人在内,疑问部分用 will you。 8.当陈述部分含有情态动词 used to 时,疑问部分可用 usedn’t 或 didn’t。 9.当陈述部分带有情态动词 ought to 时,疑问部分用 oughtn’t 或 shouldn’t。
专升本大纲词汇表 22 成才热线:

中安 King 专升本英语 词汇

What pains us train us! Keep your eyes on the stars,and your feet on the ground.

10.当陈述部分含有 had better 时,疑问部分用 had。 .

in advance 事先;提前 事先; on purpose 故意 adjust to (使)适应于,把...调节到 适应于, 使 适应于 调节到 apply for 申请,请求 申请, assign to 指派,选派 指派, attempt at 企图,努力 企图, attribute to 把...归因于,归咎于 归因于, 归因于 belong to 属于 benefit from 受益,获益 受益, burst out + V-ing 爆发,突然发作 爆发, catch up with 赶上 combine with 结合,联合,化合 联合, concentrate on 集中,专心 集中, cope with 对付,应付 对付, count on 倚靠,指望 倚靠, deal with 处理,论述,涉及 处理,论述, dedicate to 奉献,把...用在 奉献, 用在 depend on/upon 依靠,信赖,取决于 依靠,信赖, differ from 不同 engage in 使从事于,使忙于 使从事于, equip with 装备,配备 装备, exchange for 交换,调换,兑换 交换,调换, figure out 计算出;领会到 计算出; find out 查明,发现 查明, focus on (使)聚焦,(使)集中 使 聚焦, 使 集中 聚焦 hear of/about 听到 hear from 收到 的(来信 收到...的 来信 来信) can/could not help +V-ing 禁不住,忍不住 禁不住, hinder from 阻止,妨碍 阻止, involve in 卷入,陷入;牵涉,包含 卷入,陷入;牵涉, leave behind 留下,忘记带 留下,
专升本大纲词汇表 23 成才热线:

中安 King 专升本英语 词汇
major in 主修,专攻 主修, object to 反对,不赞成 反对, persist in 坚持不懈,执意;持续 坚持不懈,执意; plunge into 纵身投入,跳入;猛冲; 纵身投入,跳入;猛冲; point out 指出 remind sb. of sth. 使想起 remind sb. to do sth. 提醒某人做某事 resort to 求助;诉诸于,采取,凭借 求助;诉诸于,采取, respond to 响应,回答 响应, result in 导致,结果是 导致, select from 挑选,选择 挑选, separate from (使)分离;(使)分开 使 分离; 使 分开 分离 settle down 定居;解决,调停 定居;解决, share with 分与,分派,分配,分享,共用 分与,分派,分配,分享, specialize in 擅长于,专门研究,专攻 擅长于,专门研究, suffer from 忍受,遭受;使痛苦,患病; 忍受,遭受;使痛苦,患病; switch off 切断,(用开关 关掉 切断, 用开关 用开关)关掉 switch on 接通,(用开关 开起 用开关)开起 接通, 用开关 affect v.影响,传染,感动 影响, 影响 传染, effort n.努力 努力 effect n.结果,影响 结果, 结果 effective adj.有效的;卓有成效 有效的; 有效的 apply v.申请 申请 application n.申请书 申请书 applicant n.申请人 申请人 aware adj.意识到的,知道的 意识到的, 意识到的 unaware adj.没有意识到的(反义词) 没有意识到的( 没有意识到的 反义词) appreciate v.欣赏,感谢,正确评价 欣赏, 欣赏 感谢, appreciation n.欣赏,感谢 欣赏, 欣赏 benefit n.益处,好处 v.有益于,受益 益处, 有益于, 益处 有益于 campus n.(大学)校园 (大学) candidate n.候选人,报考者,申请者 候选人, 候选人 报考者,
专升本大纲词汇表 24

What pains us train us! Keep your eyes on the stars,and your feet on the ground.

成才热线:

中安 King 专升本英语 词汇
capable adj.有能力的,能干的 有能力的, 有能力的 career n.职业,生涯,经历 职业, 职业 生涯, case n.案例,情况,事实,病例 案例, 案例 情况,事实, challenge n.挑战,艰巨任务 v.挑战,要求试 挑战, 挑战, 挑战 挑战 common adj.共同的 共同的 character n.性格 性格 chase v./n.追逐,追求,寻觅 追逐, 追逐 追求, contract v.收缩,缩小 n.合同,契约 收缩, 合同, 收缩 合同 cheat v./n.欺骗,作弊,骗子,欺骗行为 欺骗, 欺骗 作弊,骗子, check v./n.检查,核对 n.支票 检查, 支票 检查 circumstance n.情况,形势,境遇 情况,形势, 情况 complain v.抱怨,申诉 抱怨, 抱怨 complaint n.抱怨,申诉,疾病 抱怨, 抱怨 申诉,

What pains us train us! Keep your eyes on the stars,and your feet on the ground.

compete v.竞争,比赛 竞争, 竞争 competition n.比赛,竞争 比赛, 比赛 competitive adj.竞争激烈的;充满竞争的 竞争激烈的; 竞争激烈的

convenient adj.方便的,舒适的 方便的, 方便的 convenience n.便利,方便,公共厕所 便利, 便利 方便,

create v.创造,产生 创造, 创造 credit n.信贷,信任 v.信任 信贷, 信任 信贷 crisis n.危机,决定性时刻,转折点(pl.crises) 危机, 危机 决定性时刻,转折点( ) critical adj.决定性的,批判的,危急的 决定性的, 决定性的 批判的, criticize/-ise v.批评,评论,指责 批评, 批评 评论, cultivate v.栽培,培养,耕作 栽培,培养, 栽培 culture n.文化,教养 文化, 文化 curiosity n.好奇心 好奇心 custom n.习惯,风俗 习惯, 习惯
专升本大纲词汇表 25 成才热线:

中安 King 专升本英语 词汇
customer n.顾客 顾客

What pains us train us! Keep your eyes on the stars,and your feet on the ground.

direction n.方向,方位 方向, 方向 disappear v.不见,消失 不见, 不见 disaster n.灾难,大祸 灾难, 灾难 discourage v.使气馁,阻碍 使气馁, 使气馁 emotion n.情感,激情,情绪 情感, 情感 激情, emphasis v./n.强调,重点 强调, 强调

encourage v.鼓励,激励 鼓励, 鼓励 enforce v.实施,生效,强迫,执行,加强 实施,生效,强迫,执行, 实施 enlarge v.扩大,扩展,详述 扩大, 扩大 扩展, ensure v.保证,担保,确定 保证, 保证 担保, enable v.是能够,使有能力 是能够, 是能够 enrich v.使丰富 使丰富 contrast...with... 把……与……相对 对照 相对(对照 与 相对 对照) in contrast to/with 和……形成对比 形成对比 by contrast 对比之下

take sth. under control(被)控制住 被 控制住 out of control 无法控制

be convenient to/for 对……方便 方便 cope with(=deal with,try to find a solution to)应付,处理 应付, = , 应付 at all costs 不惜任何代价 at the cost of 以……为代价 为代价 emerge from(=appear,become known)出现,暴露 问题,意见等 出现, 问题, = , 出现 暴露(问题 意见等) end up with 以……而结束 而 engage in 或 be engaged in 忙于,从事 忙于, be equipped with 装备有,装有 装备有,
专升本大纲词汇表 26 成才热线:

中安 King 专升本英语 词汇

What pains us train us! Keep your eyes on the stars,and your feet on the ground.

except(=but)除了 = 除了 except for(=apart from)除……以外 = 除 以外 be good for 对……有好处;对……有作用 有好处; 有好处 有作用 be good at 擅长于; 擅长于; be good to 对……好 好

take...for granted(=assume to be true) = 把……认为理所当然的 认为理所当然的 be in the habit of 习惯于 get (fall) into the habit of 养成了……的习惯 养成了 的习惯 live from hand to mouth 勉强度日,现挣现吃 勉强度日, at heart(=in reality)内心里,实际上 内心里, = 内心里 in one's heart(of hearts)内心深处,事实上 内心深处, 内心深处 by heart(=by memory)熟记,背(诵) 熟记, 诵 = 熟记 with all one's heart 全心全意地,真心实意 全心全意地,

be ignorant of(=lacking knowledge)对……不了解,不知道 不了解, = 对 不了解 make (leave)an impression on sb. =give sb.an impression 给……留下印象 留下印象 make the most (use)of 充分利用 gift talent by nature 天生的,生来 天生的, in nature 本质上 natural

name after 用……的名字命名 的名字命名 none other than 不是别人,正是 不是别人,正是…… nothing but 只有,不过……而已 只有,不过 而已

it occurs to sb.that...某人想到 某人想到…… 某人想到

专升本大纲词汇表

27

成才热线:

中安 King 专升本英语 词汇
all at once(=suddenly,now)立即,马上 立即, = , 立即 once in a while(=occasionally)偶尔 = 偶尔 in order 井井有条,处于良好状态; 井井有条,处于良好状态; out of order(=in bad condition)出毛病,发生故障 出毛病, = 出毛病

What pains us train us! Keep your eyes on the stars,and your feet on the ground.

participate in(=take part in)参加 = 参加 be patient with 对……耐心 耐心 perform on the piano(=play the piano)演奏钢琴 = 演奏钢琴 persist in 坚持,固执 坚持,

in person 亲自,当面 亲自, come to the point 谈主要问题 there is no point in doing sth.没必要做某事 没必要做某事 没必要做 point at(=indicate,direct attention)指着 = , 指着 point out(=indicate,show)指出,指明 指出, = , 指出 popular with/among 大众所喜爱的,拥戴 大众所喜爱的,

resort to 诉诸于 诉诸于……,求助于 ,求助于…… resort to force 诉诸于武力

respond to 对……反应,响应,对(药)有效 反应, 反应 响应, 药 有效 in response to(=as an answer to)回答,反应 回答, = 回答 be responsible for 对……负责,是造成 负责, 负责 是造成……原因 原因 result in(=cause)导致 = 导致 with the result that 其结果是 in return(for)作为报答;以报答 作为报答; 作为报答 以报答(for) get rid of 摆脱,去掉,除去 摆脱,去掉, be in the right 正确的; 正确的; in the wrong 错误的 give rise to(=lead to)引起,导致 引起, = 引起
专升本大纲词汇表 28 成才热线:

中安 King 专升本英语 词汇

What pains us train us! Keep your eyes on the stars,and your feet on the ground.

at the risk of(=with danger of)冒……的风险 = 冒 的风险

for the sake of(=for the good or advantage of)为了 为了……起见 = 为了 起见 be satisfied with 满意 on a large scale 大规模地

on schedule 按时,准时 按时, ahead of schedule 提前;in advance 预先; 提前; 预先; behind schedule 落后于计划进度,晚于规定时间 落后于计划进度,

in search of 寻找; 寻找; in honor of 为了表示对 为了表示对……敬意; 敬意; 敬意 in memory of 为了纪念 为了纪念……; ; in pursuit of 追求 追求……; ; on behalf of 代表 代表……的利益; 的利益; 的利益 in favor of 赞成 赞成……; ; in season 旺季 in secret 秘密地; in private 私下 秘密地;

share sth.with 与……分享,分担,分摊,共用 分享, 分享 分担,分摊, be sorry about/for 懊悔的,后悔的,难过的 懊悔的,后悔的, specialize in 专门研究,专攻 专门研究, in spite of(=despite)尽管 = 尽管

stick to 粘着,坚持 粘着, stick to one's friend 忠于朋友 stick at(=continue to work hard at)继续勤奋地致力于 继续勤奋地致力于……; = 继续勤奋地致力于 ; stick at one's books 勤奋读书
专升本大纲词汇表 29 成才热线:

中安 King 专升本英语 词汇

What pains us train us! Keep your eyes on the stars,and your feet on the ground.

be strict with 对……严格要求 严格要求 严格要 be/go on strike 罢工 suffer from 患……病;受……苦痛 病 苦痛 be suitable for(=fit)适合 适合……的 = 适合 的 be surprised at 对……惊奇; 惊奇; 惊奇 take...by surprise 使……惊奇; 惊奇; 惊奇 to one's surprise 使某人惊奇 in good taste 大方,得体;(反意 大方,得体; 反意 反意) in bad taste 小家子气

in terms of(=with regard to;respectively)按照,根据,在……方面 按照, = ; 按照 根据, 方面 think of(=have the idea of)想到;(=consider)考虑;(=remember)想起 想到; 考虑; = 想到 = 考虑 = 想起 on second thoughts 经再三考虑之后 at the thought of 一想到 一想到……

for the time being(=temporarily)暂时 = 暂时 in time (for)及时 及时 on time 准时

at no time 无论何时也不 无论何时也不…… in on time(=very quickly)立即,马上 立即, = 立即 at times(=occasionally)间或,时常 间或, = 间或 at all times(=always)始终,总是 始终, = 始终 be in use (=be used)被使用; 被使用; = 被使用 be out of use(=be on longer used)不再被使用 = 不再被使用 be used to+V-ing 习惯于 + in vain(=uselessly)徒劳 = 徒劳 be in the way(=obstructive)碍事,阻碍 = 碍事, 碍事 by way of(=by going through)经由,取道 经由, = 经由 by the way(=in addition)顺带地 转移话题 顺带地(转移话题 = 顺带地 转移话题) in no way 无论怎样也不 无论怎样也不……
专升本大纲词汇表 30 成才热线:

used to+动词原形 过去常常做 过去常常做) +动词原形(过去常常做

中安 King 专升本英语 词汇
in a way 从某种程度上说

What pains us train us! Keep your eyes on the stars,and your feet on the ground.

against one's will 违心地,违背意愿地 违心地, in a word 总之; 总之; in other words 换言之; 换言之; have a word with sb.谈一谈; 谈一谈; 谈一谈 have words with sb.争吵; 争吵; 争吵 hav the last word 有决定权

专升本英语复习资料 I. Vocabulary and Structure 三)Tom was disappointed that most of the guests ______ when he ______at the party. A. had left, arrived C. had left, had arrived B. left, had arrived D. left, arrived

四)Sir Denis, who is 78, has made it known that much of his collection ______ to the nation. A. has left B. is to leave C. leaves D. is to be left 五)The work ______ by the time you get here. A. will have been done C. had been done B. is done D. would have done

六)It ______ for a week and the streets were flooded. A. has rained C. had been raining B. was rained D. should have rained

三、Sorry, but we cannot go to San Diego. Our cousins ____ to see us next Sunday. A. come B. are coming C. have come D. came 四、The bus is late and Julie is cold. She ____ for the bus for 10 minutes. A. waits B. waited C. has been waiting A. talk B. speak C. lecture D. has waited D. tell

五、All of us think it difficult to ______ the difference between the two things. 六、George is so ______ in debt that he is afraid to show up in the pub in case he meets his six creditors. A. involved
专升本大纲词汇表

B. concentrated
31

C. devoted
成才热线:

D. concerned

七、A new situation is likely to ______ when the school leaving age is raised to 16.

中安 King 专升本英语 词汇
A. rise B. arise

What pains us train us! Keep your eyes on the stars,and your feet on the ground.

C. happen

D. raise

八、Be quiet! It's rude to ______ people when they are speaking. A. interfere B. introduce C. interrupt D. prevent 九、The music adviser taught her how to ______ a song to find its mood and meaning. A. compose analyze B. preserve C. include D.

十、Rapid reading means reading something fast just to ______ the general idea. A. master B. seize C. grasp D. imagine 十一、Finding it difficult to ______ to the climate in the city, he decided to move to the North. A. adopt B. adapt C. fit D. suit 十二、They built strong walls round the town as a ______ against the enemy. A. depend B. defend C. defeat D. defense 十三、The students were not____to leave the classroom without an adequate reason. A. permitted B. remitted C. admitted D. emitted 十四、I don’t think it is easy to ______ your weight if keep on eating that way. A. decrease D. shorten B. reduce C. decline

十五、The guide is ____ a line of tourists through the narrow passage with the help of his torch. A.concluding D.conquering A. reminds me of remembers me to A. spend D. afford B.containing C.conducting

十六、It _______ the village where we spent our holidays last summer. B. reminds me to C. remembers me of D.

十七、It’s too expensive for me. I can’t _______it. B. cost C. pay

十八、I didn’t know what to do but then an idea suddenly______ to me. A. happened B. entered C. occurred D. hit 21. Mr. Wilson said that he did not want to ______ any further responsibilities. A. take on B. bring on C. get on D. carry out

22. Dear, do send the children to bed. I can't _______their noise any longer. A. put off B. put up C. stand up D. put up with

23. Will you please ______ my parcel at the post-office as you pass? A. pick out
专升本大纲词汇表

B. pick up
32

C. take out

D. take up
成才热线:

中安 King 专升本英语 词汇

What pains us train us! Keep your eyes on the stars,and your feet on the ground.

24. In making such models, skills as well as thorough knowledge of plant structure are ______. A. called on B. called up C. called for D. called in

25. The little boy ______ his hiding place when he coughed. A. gave away got in B. gave up C. got away D.

26. None of us expected the chairman to ______ at the party. We thought he was still in hospital. A. turn in down B. turn up C. turn over D. turn

27. When he heard the bad news, he ______ completely. A. broke away D. broke out B. broke up C. broke down

28. If I had more time, I would ____ golf as a hobby. A.take in B.take on C.take up D.take over 29. Would you like me ______ the radio a bit? A. turning down B. turned down C. turn down turn down 30. Since the road is wet this morning, ______ last night. A. it must have rained been rained B. it must rain C. it must be raining D. to

D. it must have

31. As teachers we should concern ourselves with what is said, not what we think ______. A. ought to be said B. must say C. have to be said D. need to say

32. You ______ all those calculations. We have a computer to do that sort of thing. A. must not have done needn’t have done B. should not have C. can not have done D.

33. With all this work on hand, he ______ to the cinema last night. A. mustn’t go have gone B. wouldn’t go C. oughtn’t go D. shouldn’t

34. “I saw Mary in the library yesterday.” “You _______her, she is still in hospital.” A. mustn’t have seen B. could not see D. must not see 35. He regretted ______ the decision so hastily. A. make B. making C. can’t have seen

C. to make

D. have made

36. The speech which he made ______ the project has bothered me greatly.
专升本大纲词汇表 33 成才热线:

中安 King 专升本英语 词汇
A. being concerned B. concerning

What pains us train us! Keep your eyes on the stars,and your feet on the ground.

C. be concerned

D. concerned

37. --- “ Joe doesn’t seem like the same person.” ---“______so much in the war has made him more thoughtful.” A. To have seen him to see B. Having seen C. His seeing D. For

38. He had no choice but ______ to see him. A. to go B. went C. going D. go

39. Although young, Fred could resist ______ what to do and what not to do. A. to be told being told B. having been told C. to have been told D.

40. No matter how frequently ______, the works of Beethoven always attract a large audience. A. performing performed B. performed C. to be performed D. being

41. The music was so ______ that the audience were ______ to death. A. boring .. bored boring … boring B. bored … boring C. bored …bored D.

42. When he came back after an absence of 20 years, he found his hometown completely ______. A. changing B. to be changed C. to change D. changed

43. Some of the experiments ______ in the book are easy to perform. A. being described described B. described C. to be described D. having been

44. I really appreciate ______ to help me, but I am sure that I can manage by myself. A. you to offer offering B. that you offer C. your offering D. that you are

45. He should get used by now ______ Chinese food. A. to eating B. to eat C. for eating D. eating

46. The manager promised to keep me ______ of how our business was going on. A. to be informed B. on informing C. informed D. informing

47. No one thought that John’s suggestion was worth ______ . A. to consider consideration B. considering C. to be considered D. of

48. The young man got his motor bicycle tyre ______ early this morning. A. changed B. change C. changing D. be changed

49. ______ enough money, they decided to call off the construction project.
专升本大纲词汇表 34 成才热线:

中安 King 专升本英语 词汇
A. Not to have raised having raised B. Not raising

What pains us train us! Keep your eyes on the stars,and your feet on the ground.

C. Having not raised

D. Not

50. While reading the newspaper, ______. A. a colorful advertisement caught my eyes B. my attention was attracted by an advertisement C. I was attracted by a colorful advertisement D. What attracted my eyes was a colorful advertisement 51. Weighing seven hundred pounds, ______. A. she could not move the piano moved C. the piano was too heavy for her to move 52. The factory is said ______ last month. A. to have gone into production C. to be gone into production B. to go into production D. to be going into production B. the piano should not be D. the piano was unable to move

53. ______ in an atmosphere of simple living was what her parents wished for. A. The girl was educated C. The girl to be educated 54. Having plenty of time, ______ . A. we needn’t to have hurried C. we didn’t need to hurry 55. ______, little John did not reply. A. When being asked what his name was C. When his name was asked B. When asked what his name was D. When he is asked what is his name B. there was no need for us to hurry D. hurrying was not necessary B. The girl educated D. The girl’s being educated

56. With its expensive furniture and carefully ____ color scheme, the room looked quite luxurious. A.choose B.chose C.chosen D.choosing 57. Time ____, we will arrange for the tourists to visit two or three more remote spots of culture value. A.permits B.permitting C.permitted D.to be permitted 58. All the afternoon he worked in his study with the door ______. A. to lock B. locking C. lock D. locked 59. The garden requires ________.
专升本大纲词汇表 成才热线:

35

中安 King 专升本英语 词汇
A. watering

What pains us train us! Keep your eyes on the stars,and your feet on the ground.

B. being watered C. to water D. having watered 60. We have cooperated well with them many years for the shared ______. A. honour B. reward C. benefit D. prize

61. I took the medicine, but it didn’t have any ______ on me. A. effect B. relation C. touch D. affect

62. He said that he’d like to take ______ of this opportunity to co-operate with you. A. benefit B. advantage C. profit D. occasion

63. The new nurse does not have much _____ in taking care of patients. A. experience B. regret C. desire D. talent

64. Electricity, like other forms of ______, has greatly increased in price. A. strength energy B. force C. power D.

65. Will you be taking my previous experience into ______ when you fix my salary? A. possession B. scale C. mind D. account

66. I suggest that you put the dangerous things out of the children’s ______. A. control B. reach C. order D. sight

67. When we had finished dinner, George asked waiter to bring him the ______. A. tip B. cost D. bill C. menu

68. My father was born in Germany and still speaks English with a German ______. A. pronunciation sound B. accent C. relative with their next-door neighbors. C. relations D.

69. They have always been on good A. terms D. connection B. friendship

70. Grandma told the story in a very sad ____ and we were all moved. A. tune B. tongue C. tone D. ton 71. The telegram was based on information from a ______ source. A. recent private 72. His health is ______. A. as poor, if not poor than, his sister not poor B. poor as his sister’s if B. reliable C. rare D.

专升本大纲词汇表

36

成才热线:

中安 King 专升本英语 词汇
C. as poor as if not poorer than, his sister’s sister’s

What pains us train us! Keep your eyes on the stars,and your feet on the ground.

D. as poor, if not poorer than

73. The kite flew ______ in the sky and everyone spoke ______ of it. A. high…highly highly…high B. highly…highly C. high…high D.

74. “Does your wife regret paying six hundred dollars for the fashionable dress?” “Not at all. She would gladly have paid ______ for it” A. twice so much twice 75. Petrol is manufactured from the ____oil we take out of the ground. A. raw B. rough C. tough D. crude B. twice as much C. as much twice D. so much

76. You are making me ____with your stories of how hard the examination is. A. normal B. negative C. nervous D. neutral

77. I’ll come with you ______ we don’t stay late. I need to be up early tomorrow. A. even I B. as long as C. so that D. now that

78. Even after I washed the coat, it still had some ______ marks on it. A. weak B. familiar C. faint D. regular

79. Everyone in the room remained ______. A. happily and friendly and friendly B. orderly and kindly C. happily and kindly D. orderly

80. Some people think ______ about their rights than about their duties. A. much more more B. as much C. too much D. many

81. Apples are ______ in summer and cost a lot. A. rare B. scarce C. common D. unusual

82. In the future she hopes to go ______ for further studies. A. away far 83. The new_____machine is a great help in the production of this factory. A. adequate effective B. sufficient C. efficient D. B. abroad C. outside D.

84. Little John caught a ______ fish this morning. A. alive B. alone C. lonely D. living

85. The football match was televised ____ from the Berlin Olympic Stadium. A live lively
专升本大纲词汇表

B alive
37

C living
成才热线:

D

中安 King 专升本英语 词汇
86. The more fruits and vegetables you eat, A little B less D the least 87. He’s ______ to know the answer.

What pains us train us! Keep your eyes on the stars,and your feet on the ground.

____ chance of getting cancer you have. C the less

A. likely B. probable D. probably 88. It isn’t quite ______ that he will he present at the meeting. A. right B. sure

C. maybe

C. certain

D. exact 89. The examination I took yesterday wasn’t very difficult, but it was ______ long. A. much rather B. so much C. too much D. much too

90. It may rain, but I shall go out______; I don’t mind the rain. A. anywhere B. anyhow C. however D. nevertheless

91. He had not ______ made up his mind what attitude to adopt towards her. A. as yet though B. as well C. as usual D. as

92. I pulled the handle _______I could. A. so hardly as B. as hardly as hard as 93. He is so shy that he _______ speaks in the public. C. so hard as D. as

A. often B. frequently C. seldom 94. The story of Mary is merely ______ of a poor farmer. A. one B. that C. those

D. sometimes D. which

95. The second-hand car was not worth ______. A. much that B. that much all C. all that much D. much all that

96. _____of them knew about the plan because it was a secret. A. Some B. Any None 97. My car is not so fashionable as ______. C. No one D.

A. he’s B. he C. his D. his’ 98. ______ Tom ______ Mary can help me, for they are very busy. A. Both; and B. Neither; nor C. whether; or D. Either; or

99. Do you know any other foreign language ______ English? A. except beside
专升本大纲词汇表

B. but

C. besides

D.

38

成才热线:

中安 King 专升本英语 词汇

What pains us train us! Keep your eyes on the stars,and your feet on the ground.

100.With five hungry children seated around the table, the food disappeared ______. A. in no time time 101. B. at no time C. ahead of time D. from time to

There is a very big bridge ______ the river. A. above B. on C. over D. below

102.

The chairman signed the document ______ the company. A. instead of B. on behalf of C. in place of D. in case of

103. It’s about 400 mm rain in this area a year ______. A. above all B. of all C. for average D. on average

104. In many schools, students don’t have sufficient access ______ the library. A. to about B. of C. into D.

105. The traditional approach ______with complex problems is to break them down into smaller ones. A. in dealing B. to dealing C. dealing D. to deal

106. The flyover at the crossing on the 6th ring road is now ____ construction. B. in D. with 107. It’s the first turning ______ the left after the traffic lights. A. by B. in C. on D. for 108. I know nothing about him ______he is a teacher. A. besides B. in addition C. except for D. except that 109. The heavy snow could not keep us ______ going out to work. B. on C. upon D. up 110. Jack works so hard as he dreams _____owning his own house soon. A. to B. of C. with D. on 111. I suppose I can count _____you for help in this matter. A. of B. on C. at D. to 112. It was difficult for him to buy good shoes because he had such a big _____of feet. B. size D. number 113. It was raining again, ______ is very bad for our crops.
专升本大纲词汇表 39

A. under

C. at

A. from

A. pair

C. couple

成才热线:

中安 King 专升本英语 词汇
A. it B. that

What pains us train us! Keep your eyes on the stars,and your feet on the ground.

C. what

D. which

114. I have two brothers, both ______ are doctors. A. of which B. of them C. of whom D. who

115. ______ doesn’t matter ______ they will come to the meeting next month. A. It, whether B. That, whether C. If it, who D. Whether, it

116. The City Football Team, ______ , meets every other day. A. which I am a member C. that I am a member B. of which I am a member D. of that I am a member

117. Our factory is much more productive now. This year’s production is five times ______ it was ten years ago. A. what B. that C. than D. as

118. This is the most difficult book ______ . A. what I have ever read C.I have ever read it B. which I have ever read D. that I have ever read

119. In order to search for the escaped prisoner, the police decide to question _____ comes along this road. A. who B. whom C. whoever D. whomever

120. The truth is that it is only by studying history ______ we can learn what to expect in the future. A. that which B. and then C. by which D. through

121. The people, ______ had been damaged by the flood, were given help by the Red Cross. A. all their homes C. all of whose homes B. of all whose homes D. all of their homes

122. He has made another wonderful discovery, ______ of great importance to science and man. A. which I think is think which is B. which I think it is C. of which I think it is D. I

123. A new television program teaches children ______ can and should think about career development. A. what B. that they C. both D. whom they

124. The chairman requested that ______. A. the members should have studied the problem more carefully B. the problem were more carefully studied C. the problem could be studied with more care
专升本大纲词汇表 40 成才热线:

中安 King 专升本英语 词汇
D. the members study the problem more carefully

What pains us train us! Keep your eyes on the stars,and your feet on the ground.

125. Another advantage of the mass media is ______ it gives people the information they need in their daily lives. A. what B. whether C. whenever D. that

126. They showed us around the factory ______ is equipped with modern machines. A. in that B. which C. in which D. what

127. ______ as much as one-fourth of all timber harvested is not used proved to be false. A. The estimate C. They are estimated 128. Do you know ______ ? A. what time the movie starts C. when does the movie start B. what time starts the movie D. the movie what time starts B. It is estimated that D. The estimate that

129. Perhaps the days will come ____ people will be able to breathe clean air in cities. A. as B. when C. while D. sine 130. To my surprise, ____ turned out that Susan failed in the examination. A. this B. what C. it D. as 131. Jenny is the only one of the grade who ____ selected to school fashion-show team. A. is B. are C. has D. have 132. He told her nothing, ______upset her. A. that B. for which C. about which D. which 133. The reason ______I’m writing is to tell you about a party on Saturday. A. because B. why C. for D. as 134. Such a device ______ he was given proved almost worthless. A. as B. like C. that D. which 135. Hardly had we arrived home ______ we all sat down to rest. A. than B. then C. when D. until

136. ____ when he saw his wife’s face did Tom realize the true meaning of her remark. A. Just Only B. Never C. Usually D.

137. ______, he failed in the examination.

专升本大纲词汇表

41

成才热线:

中安 King 专升本英语 词汇
A. Although he didn’t work so hard as usual usual C. Hard as he worked usual

What pains us train us! Keep your eyes on the stars,and your feet on the ground.

B. As he worked harder than D. Having worked harder than

138. Usually scientists test a theory for a while ______ they accept it as true. A. before because B. after C. when D.

139. The students didn’t manage to work out the problem ______ their teacher had explained how. A. when B. until C. unless D. as

140. --- Could I borrow your dictionary? --- I’d get it for you ______ I could remember who last borrowed it. A. except that D. if only B. unless C. only if

141. I knew him better, _______ I discovered that my impression had been right. A. which B. as C. until D. unless 142. Watch your step, _____ you might fall into the water. A. or B. and C. unless D. but 143. He is ______ strong a man ______ he can lift ten stones like this one. A. such…so B. such…that C. so…that D. so a…for

144. It’s a pity that we should stay at home when we have ______ weather. A. so fine B. so fine a C. such a fine D. such fine

145. In the nuclear power station we use ______ generator ______ is used in the common steam power station. A. the same … as B. such … as C. so … as D. as … as

146. If the city had built more homes for the poor in 1990, the housing problems in that area now ______ so serious. A. wouldn’t have been have been B. wouldn’t be C. will not have been D. shouldn’t

147. The manager recommended that that the product exhibition ______ early next month. A. are to be held held 148. ______ do it myself than try to persuade such a silly fellow like him. A. I’d like
专升本大纲词汇表

B. will be held

C. be held

D. must be

B. I’d like to
42

C. I’d better
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D. I’d rather

149. It is essential that the application form ______ before Friday morning.

中安 King 专升本英语 词汇
A. shall be handed in C. will be handed in 150. If I had a bike, I ______ it to you yesterday. A. would have lent B. would lend

What pains us train us! Keep your eyes on the stars,and your feet on the ground.

B. be handed in D. must be handed in

C. would have lend

D. could lend

151. Jean thinks that if she ______ her job she probably wouldn’t be able to earn so much. A. would have to change have changed B. were to change C. has changed D. could

152. Everybody has arrived. It’s time we ______ . A. would start start 153. Frankly speaking, I’d rather you ______ anything about it for the time being. A. didn’t do haven’t done B. have done C. don’t do D. B. shall start C. started D. had

154. Most people come to realize that it is about time the government ______ further measures to control the population. A. must take B. is taking C. takes D. took

155. Only by shouting at the top of his voice ______. A. he was able to make himself hear C. was he able to make himself heard B. he was able to make himself heard D. was he able to make himself hear

156. Hardly ______ his speech when he saw the audience rise as one. A. had he finished B. did he finish C. he finished finished 157. Linda _______ at the dance tonight, nor will Peter. A. can’t be B. will be C. may not be D. won’t be 158. They have sent all the invitations to their relatives and friends, ______? A. have they B. did they C. haven’t they D. didn’t they D. he had

159. You never told us why you were late for the party, _______? A. weren’t you B. did you D. didn’t you 160. “_______ lately? I have not seen you for quite some time.” A. Where were you gone C. Where were you going C. had you

B. Where did you go D. Where have you been

II. Reading Comprehension Directions: There are 12 reading passages in this part. Each passage is followed by five questions. For each question there are four suggested answers marked A, B, C
专升本大纲词汇表 43 成才热线:

中安 King 专升本英语 词汇

What pains us train us! Keep your eyes on the stars,and your feet on the ground.

and D. Choose the best answer and blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

Passage One This is not the world we know. This world is controlled by computers. Men and women can be seen, but they are following orders given to them by machines. The machines were designed by mad scientists, but at some point even the mad scientists were taken over by their super-inventions. Does this sound familiar? You have probably read something like it in magazines or books, or seen it in a film. Why is it so popular? One of the reasons is that it reflects the fears of many people; fear of the unknown, fear of what is not understood or, at least, fear of something that is not completely understood. The fact is that every day it seems that computers take control of another area of our lives. Some factory jobs are now done by robots and the robots are controlled by computers. Our bank accounts are managed by computers. At the airport, our tickets are sold by a computer. Certainly, many of these operations are made more efficient by computers, but our admiration is sometimes mixed with unsafe feelings. And this lack of safety is caused by the fact that we do not know how computers do these things, and we really don’t know what they might do next. But we can find out how computers work, and once we understand them, we can use computers instead of worrying about being used by them. Today, there is a new generation of computer wizards (奇才) who know exactly how computers get things done. These young men and women, usually university students, are happy to sit for hours, sometimes for days, designing programs, not eating, not sleeping, but discovering what can be done by these wonderful slaves which they have learned to control. These computer wizards have learned to use the computer and search for new tasks for their machines. 161. We can know that the scientists who designed the machines _____________. A. are careless in their daily life B. are unkind and cruel C. are out of their mind D. have great abilities 162. The reason why many people are afraid of computers is that ____________. A. they don't know anything about computers B. they haven't really understood computers C. there are so many computer games D. computers are often down 163. The author mentions computer wizards in order to point out that ____________. A. computers can be controlled by man B. there should be more people devoted to computers C. only young people are interested in computers D. more time and energy is required to control computers
专升本大纲词汇表 44 成才热线:

中安 King 专升本英语 词汇

What pains us train us! Keep your eyes on the stars,and your feet on the ground.

164. This passage is probably written to suggest that ____________. A. some day computers can deal with all human problems B. computers can be used in place of traveling to our jobs C. people should not fear computers D. computer technology will not meet people’s needs in various situations 165. The author's attitude (态度) towards widely used computers is_________. A. positive B. anxious C. worried D. curious Passage Two Knowledge is power. But there is another thing we must remember. An intelligent mind needs a strong body to make it most useful. There are a great many good exercises for building up our bodies. Many of them may be done indoors in rainy weather. Indoor exercises, however, are never as helpful as those taken out of doors because in the open air there is more oxygen. The air in the house is not fresh. But out of doors it is very fresh, especially in the morning. But what shall we play? There are a number of games such as football, basketball, races and so on. Any game with plenty of exercises is good. Do not neglect your health. It is of as much importance as your mind. Our country now needs people with creative minds, good judgment, and healthy bodies. 166. One who has an intelligent mind is ______ . A. very strong D. very stupid B. very healthy C. very clever

167. “An intelligent mind needs a strong body to make it useful.” means ______ . A. if you want to make your strong body useful, you must have an intelligent mind B. in order to make your intelligent mind useful, you must have a strong body C. to make your strong mind and strong body most useful you need a strong body D. if you have a strong body you will have a strong mind 168. Which of the following statements is true? A. Indoor exercises are as helpful as outdoor ones. B. Indoor exercises are no more helpful than outdoor exercises. C. Neither indoor exercises nor outdoor exercises are helpful. D. Outdoor exercises are more helpful than indoor ones. 169. The air in the house does not remain fresh very long. It’s because ______. A. the fresh air can’t come into the house B. there is only a little fresh air coming in and a little waste going out C. the air in the house can’t move at all
专升本大纲词汇表 45 成才热线:

中安 King 专升本英语 词汇
D. the house gives off wastes

What pains us train us! Keep your eyes on the stars,and your feet on the ground.

170. Our country now ______ with creative minds, good judgment and healthy bodies. A. needs men and women C. only needs scientists B. only needs men D. does not need women but men

Passage Three Survival is an art. Survivors are artists. The best acting is done in daily life, not on the stage. My late uncle Sir Alexander Korda, the motion-picture producer who could “charm money out of an empty safe”, was a gifted survivor. Once, a group of investors called him in to complain that he had lost 5 000 000 of their money. Most men would have tried to defend themselves. Alex did not. “You are right,” he said quietly, “I have been wasteful, and careless. I have chosen the wrong scripts, paid too little attention to the budgets. I am too old for this business. I will retire. I only hope you will forgive me.” Within an hour, the investors were busy encouraging Alex, cheering him up. It was out of the question for him to resign; they wouldn’t hear it. And by lunchtime, Alex had 2 000 000 more of their money and was back in the action again. When I asked him if he was happy about it, he said, “No. They would have put up three or four million, I think. Still, it’s a good lesson for you to learn. Always settle for less than you could get. It doesn’t hurt to have a reputation as a gentleman.” 171. According to the author, Sir Alexander Korda is an excellent artist because ______. A. he is a motion-picture producer C. he had a gift to act in the movie investors B. he knows well about how to survive D. he can get large amounts of money from .

172. The phrase to “charm money out of an empty safe” in the context means A. to put all your money to your savings account B. to draw your money back if it is not in a safe place C. to avoid wasting money if you have an empty pocket D. to be able to get money even if it looks impossible

173. What would most probably have happened if Sir Alexander Korda had defended himself? A. He would resign and live miserably. C. The investors would not forgive him. money. 174. Alex did not defend himself because A. he hoped to have a happier life
专升本大纲词汇表 46

B. He would be considered a gentleman. D. The investors would give him more . B. his nature prevented him from doing so
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C. he wanted to test if he could give the best acting

中安 King 专升本英语 词汇
D. he knew the way to cope with the investors 175. Alex was not happy with the settlement because

What pains us train us! Keep your eyes on the stars,and your feet on the ground.

.

A. he thought he could have got more from the investor B. he didn’t teach the author a good lesson C. he didn’t like the way he behaved gentleman D. he lost his reputation as a

Passage Four Time is the biggest problem of most students. It becomes particularly difficult when you have to do library research for a term paper or report. Finding information in the library can take so much time that many students avoid it until the last possible minute. Library research does not have to be time consuming. If you learn to use a library efficiently, you can save yourself a great deal of time. The exercises in this section are designed to familiarize you with the library so that you can find the information you need quickly. The first and the most important thing to know about a library is that when you cannot find something, ask a librarian for help. The librarians are paid not just to shelve books, but to provide information and assistance. The most helpful librarians are usually those who work in the reference room. They will help you get started on a term paper and even help you find material. There are two basic places to begin looking for information, the card catalog and the various periodical indexes. The card catalog is a list of all the books in the library. A periodical index is a list of all the magazine and journal articles written on any subject. 176. According to the author, finding information in the library needs a lot of time, so students should ______. A. avoid it until the last possible minute C. learn how to use it efficiently B. do library research D. save a great deal of time

177. It is the librarians’ duty to do all the following things except______. A. arranging and lending books needed books C. helping students find needed materials paper B. helping students locate the D. helping students write their term

178. In what way could a student get familiarized with the library while reading this section? A. By doing the exercises provided. C. By looking into the catalog part. B. By asking the librarians. D. By reading in the reference room.

179. If you need to find a magazine article in the library, the best way for you to do is to ______.
专升本大纲词汇表 47 成才热线:

中安 King 专升本英语 词汇
A. look in the card catalog C. search through the bookshelves

What pains us train us! Keep your eyes on the stars,and your feet on the ground.

B. look in the periodical indexes D. go to the reference room

180. The passage is taken from an introduction of a chapter, and the title of the chapter is probably ______. A. Save Your Study Time Paper C. Using the Library Efficiently Source B. Using the Library for Your Term D. Library--- An Information

Passage Five Every year just after Christmas the January Sales start. All the shops reduce their prices and for two weeks, they are full of people looking for bargains. My husband and I do not normally go to the sales as we don’t like crowds and in any case are short of money as we have to buy lots of Christmas presents. Last year, however, I took my husband with me to the sales at the large shop in the center of London. We both needed some new clothes and were hoping to find a television set. When we got to Oxford Street, it was so crowded that we decided to split up and meet again at the underground station. So I left my husband and started looking around the shops. Unfortunately all the clothes were in very large sizes and so were not suitable for me. But I did buy a television at a very cheap price, so I felt quite pleased with myself. When I arrived at the station, my husband was not there. So I sat down in a nearby cafe to have a cup of tea. I quickly finished my tea when I saw my husband and went out to meet him. He looked very happy. Then I saw he was carrying a large and heavy cardboard box. “Oh, dear!” I thought. Yes, we had no new clothes but two televisions. We shall not be going to the sales again. 181. In January ____________. A. lots of people go shopping for discount B. people have a lot of money to spend after Christmas C. all the shops close for a two-week Christmas holiday D. people don’t have enough money to go looking for bargains 182. In this passage, the word “bargain” could best be replaced by “something_______”. A. given to people a reduced price C. offered,sold or bought which is expensive an agreement 183. The husband and wife in the story __________ . A. wished to buy a TV
专升本大纲词汇表 48

B. offered at D. sold for the purpose of reaching

B. went to the sales the year before
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中安 King 专升本英语 词汇
C. often went to the sales to buy clothes after Christmas

What pains us train us! Keep your eyes on the stars,and your feet on the ground.

D. were usually not short of money

184. The phrase “split up” in the second paragraph means“_________”. A. break apart directions B. cause to break C. become pieces D. go indifferent

185. After their day’s shopping, they _________. A. were happy with their bargains C. got more than they had hoped for B. had got everything they wanted D. had to go back to the sales the next day

Passage Six In order to learn a foreign language well, it is necessary to overcome the fear of making mistakes. If the primary goal of language use is communication, then mistakes are secondary considerations that may be dealt with gradually as awareness of those mistakes increases. On the other hand, students should not ignore their mistakes. The language learner may observe how native speakers express themselves, and how native expressions differ from the way the learner might say them. For example, a Spanish speaker who has been saying “I do it” to express willingness to do something in the immediate future, could, by interacting with native speakers of English, observe that native speakers actually say “I’ll do it”. The resulting difference can serve as a basis for the student to modify his way of using the present tense in English. But a student who is unwilling to interact in the first place would lose this opportunity to learn by trial of an error. 186. According to the passage, the present tense in English is ______. A. not used to express a desire to do something in the immediate future B. used with some verbs but not with others to express future intention C. basically the same in English as it is in Spanish D. speaking without regard for native speakers 187. According to the passage, language learners can reduce the number of their mistakes by______. A. asking native speakers for explanations B. reading good books in the foreign language C. comparing their speech with that of native speakers D. learning through trial of an error 188. According to the passage, foreign language students who do not interact with native speaker will NOT ______. A. learn very much about the foreign culture B. learn about the history of the foreign language C. have to worry about making mistakes D. take advantage of available language models
专升本大纲词汇表 49 成才热线:

中安 King 专升本英语 词汇

What pains us train us! Keep your eyes on the stars,and your feet on the ground.

189. According to the passage, foreign language students should not worry too much about making mistakes because _______. A. native speakers like foreign students who try to learn their language B. communication is the primary goal of language learning C. native speakers will ignore their mistakes D. everyone makes mistakes when trying to communicate in a strange language 190. The author's major conclusion about the function of mistakes in foreign language learning is that ______. A. mistakes are not important in the process of learning a language B. learners are often very afraid of making mistakes C. making mistakes can help the learner discover the rules of the language D. native speakers often do not tell foreign language learners about their mistakes

Passage Seven I found my father a very hard man to understand when I was young. He was very short and thin and had large blue eyes. I could have loved him as I did my mother, but he seemed to hold us off so that we could not approach him or sit on his knee as love to do. I believe he had a hard life as a child, and I know that he left school at the age of ten and started to work. This made him an unsociable man, unfriendly even to the people closest to him. I never knew him to have a close friend as the other men did. Everything he did had to be precise. If he chopped the sticks for the fire, each stick would be the same length and thickness as all the others, and they would all be stacked without one out of place. His motto was "If a thing is worth doing, it is worth doing well". In our household his word was law and nobody dared dispute it. He worked hard when in a job and saw to it that we children learned the meaning of work. My mother did not have much pleasure but I do not remember her ever complaining --except on Sunday afternoons when father would take off his clothes and get into bed, leaving her to mend his working clothes while he had his rest. This she disliked very much, for the clothes were dirty from the work he had been doing and she hated handling anything that was not clean. 191. The writer found it difficult to understand her father because he _____. A. looked distant C. ill-treated the family B. rejected affection D. hated keeping company with children

192. What did the writer think made her father unsociable? A. An unhappy childhood. C. No interest in hobbies.
专升本大纲词汇表

B. A lack of friends. D. Not smoking or drinking.
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193. What was particular about the sticks for the fire?
50

中安 King 专升本英语 词汇
A. They were arranged in a pattern. C. They were similar in length. 194. The writer's father believed that ______.

What pains us train us! Keep your eyes on the stars,and your feet on the ground.

B. They were chopped in only one place. D. They all weighed the same.

A. you should only do things for which you have the ability B. only important jobs are worth doing well C. you should only attempt worthwhile jobs D. anything you do should be done to your best ability 195. What did the writer's mother dislike about Sunday afternoons? A. Working while her husband rested. B. Repairing her husband's clothes. C. Not being able to derive any pleasure from what she herself found delightful. D. Touching unclean clothes.

Passage Eight Have you ever wondered why different animals or pests have their particular colors? Colors in them seem to be used mainly to protect themselves. Birds, especially seagulls, are very fond of locusts, but birds cannot easily catch locusts because locusts change their colors together with the change of the color of crops. When crops are green, locusts look green. But when crops are ripe, locusts take on exactly the same brown color as crops have. Some other pests with different colors from plants are usually easily found and eaten by their enemies. So they have to hide themselves in terror for lives and appear only at night. If you study the animal life in any part of the world, you will find the main use of coloring is to protect themselves. Bears, wolves and other beasts move quietly through forests. They are usually invisible to the eyes of hunters, because they have the color much like the barks of trees. An even stranger act remains to be noticed. A kind of fish living in seas can send out a kind of very black liquid when it faces danger. While the liquid spreads over, its enemies cannot find it, and it immediately swims away. Thus, it has existed up to now though it is not powerful at all. 196. This passage mainly talks about ______. A. the change of color in locusts and pests C. how a certain sea fish protects itself different colors B. the protective coloration of animals D. animals or pests can dye themselves

197. Locusts are not easily wiped out by their enemies because ______.
专升本大纲词汇表 51 成才热线:

中安 King 专升本英语 词汇
A. they are powerful enough C. they take on the same colors as crops

What pains us train us! Keep your eyes on the stars,and your feet on the ground.

B. they are dangerous to their enemies D. they fly extraordinary fast

198. The pests that have different colors from plants usually appear at night because ______. A. birds take their rest when night comes B. their enemies can easily find them and eat them C. they have the habit of coming out in darkness D. it’s easy for them to destroy plants in darkness 199. Bears and wolves have the same colors as barks of trees because ______. A. they fear other beasts B. they prefer brown or grey colors

C. they enjoy walking through forests quietly D. the colors help prevent themselves from being noticed 200. A certain fish living in seas has lived through millions of tears because ______. A. it is the most powerful in the sea B. it can swim much faster than any other fish C. it can send out a kind of liquid which makes its enemies unable to find it D. it can send out a kind of liquid which can kill its enemies

Passage Nine Advertising has become a very specialized activity in modern times. In the business world of today, supply is usually greater than demand. There is great competition between different manufacturers of the same kind of product to persuade customers to buy their own particular brand. They always have to remind the consumer of the name and the qualities of their product. They do this by advertising. The manufacturer advertises in the newspapers and on posters. He sometimes pays for songs about his product in commercial radio programs. He employs attractive salesgirls to distribute samples of it. He organizes competitions, with prizes for the winners. He often advertises on the screens of local cinemas. Most important of all, in countries that have television he has advertisements put into programs that will accept them. Manufacturers often spend large sums of money on advertisements. We buy a particular product because we think that it is the best. We usually think so because of the advertisements that say so. Some people never pause to ask themselves if the advertisements are telling the truth. 201. How many kinds of advertisements are mentioned in the passage? A. 7. B. 5. C. 4. D. 8.

202. According to the passage, which of the following is NOT true? A. Some people never have any doubts about what advertisements tell them. B. Great competition exists between different manufacturers of the same products.
专升本大纲词汇表 52 成才热线:

中安 King 专升本英语 词汇

What pains us train us! Keep your eyes on the stars,and your feet on the ground.

C. The customer usually demands more than the manufacturer can supply. D. The manufacturer wants to persuade customers to buy his own brand. 203. Which of the following advertisements is the most important one? A. Advertising in the newspapers. B. Putting advertisements into TV programs. C. Distributing samples by attractive salesgirls. D. Organizing competitions with prizes for the winners. 204. The passage tells us that the customer usually buys a particular brand because he thinks that ______. A. he can get a prize B. it is the cheapest C. there is great competition between customers for the same brand best 205. Which of the following can best be used as the title of the passage? A. Different Approaches to Advertising C. The Manufacturer and the Customer Advertising Passage Ten It seems that beauty and women are twins. You are joking? No, I am not. Observe for yourself. Ads on fashion flood TV screens, radio programs, magazines, newspapers, and the streets. Whether they have realized or not, women are besieged (包围)by a sea of fashion. They are taught to think that without beautiful clothes they will grow old and lose their charm. So who dares to neglect dressing up at the cost of their appearance and youth? But I do not agree with the opinion that women have to show their beauty through their looks. The richness of their mind proves to be more beautiful and attractive than their looks. A woman who has experienced many troubles and may be called “aunt” or “granny” can still maintain her beauty if she has such excellent qualities as knowledge, ability, a kind heart, great courage and concern for others. In addition, old and young, beautiful and ugly are relative concepts(概念). People who keep a young mind will never feel old. Curious about new things and eager to learn more, they keep up with the tide. Plainly dressed women may have a type of beauty, which is pure and real. Reading and learning is the best way to keep one youthful. Good books are fertile(肥 沃的)soil which can feed the flower of one’s heart and looks. 206. Why does the author say that beauty and women are twins? A. Women are born to be beauties. B. Women like to show off their beauty.
专升本大纲词汇表 53 成才热线:

D. it is the

B. Supply and Demand D. The Negative Sides of

中安 King 专升本英语 词汇

What pains us train us! Keep your eyes on the stars,and your feet on the ground.

C. Women try to maintain their beauty by dressing up. D. Women are proud of their beauty. 207. According to the author, in order to stay young and attractive, women should ______. A. follow the fashion B. dress up in beautiful clothes C. do more exercises D. enrich their mind 208. Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage? A. As a woman grows old, her beauty will gradually disappear. B. However old she is, a woman with some excellent qualities can still maintain her beauty. C. Even a plainly dressed woman may have pure and real beauty. D. A woman with a young mind never feels old. 209. The word “relative” (line 1, paragraph 3) most probably means _______. A. similar B. comparative C. related D. independent 210. The author believes that ________. A. women should lay more emphasis on their own qualities B. beautiful clothes can make women more attractive C. women have to show their beauty through their looks D. women are more curious about new things than men Passage Eleven Some psychologists maintain that mental acts such as thinking are not performed in the brain alone, but that one's muscles also participate. It may be said that we think with our muscles in somewhat the same way that we listen to music with our bodies. You surely are not surprised to be told that you usually listen to music not only with your ears but with your whole body. Few people can listen to music that is more or less familiar without moving their bodies or, more specifically, some parts of their bodies. Often when one listens to a concert on the radio, he is tempted to direct the band even though he knows there is a competent conductor on the job. Strange as this behavior may be, there is a very good reason for it. One cannot get all possible enjoyment from music unless he participates, so to speak, in its performance. The listener “feels” himself into the music with more or less pronounced motions of his body. The muscles of the body actually participate in the mental process of thinking in the same way, but this participation is less obvious because it is less pronounced. 211. Some psychologists maintain that thinking is______. A. not a mental process B. more of a physical process than a mental action
专升本大纲词汇表 54 成才热线:

中安 King 专升本英语 词汇

What pains us train us! Keep your eyes on the stars,and your feet on the ground.

C. a process that involves the muscles as well as the whole body D. a process that involves the muscles as well as the brain 212. The process of thinking and that of listening are similar in that ______. A. both are mental acts participate in both processes C. both processes are performed by the entire body from them B. muscles D. we obtain equal enjoyment

213. The pronounced body motions are a listener’s way of ______. A. “feeling” the music participating in the performance C. deriving enjoyment from the music B. D. all of the above

214. Body movements are necessary in order for the listener to ______. A. hear the music C. train the muscle of a piece of music 215. The best title for this selection is _______. A. An Ear for Music C. How Muscles Participates in Mental Acts D. A Psychological Definition of the Thinking Process B. Music Appreciation B. appreciate the music D. figure out the real meaning

Passage Twelve The Red Cross is an international organization which cares for people who are in need of help. A man in a Paris hospital who needs blood, a woman in Mexico who was injured in an earthquake, and a family in India that lost their home in a storm may all be aided by the Red Cross. The Red Cross exists in almost every country around the globe. The world Red Cross organizations are sometimes called the Red Crescent, the Red Mogen David, the Sun, and the Red Lion. All of these agencies share a common goal of trying to help people in need. The idea of forming an organization to help the sick and wounded during a war started with Jean Henri Dunant. In 1859, he observed how people were suffering on a battlefield in Italy. He wanted to help all the wounded people regardless of which side they were fighting for. The most important result of his work was an international treaty called the Geneva Convention. It protects prisoners of war, the sick and wounded, and other citizens during a war. The American Red Cross was set up by Clara Barton in 1881. Today the Red Cross in the United States provides a number of services for the public, such as helping people in
专升本大纲词汇表 成才热线:

55

中安 King 专升本英语 词汇

What pains us train us! Keep your eyes on the stars,and your feet on the ground.

need, teaching first aid, demonstrating water safety and artificial respiration, and providing blood. 216. A good title for this selection is ____. A. The International Red Cross C. Clara Barton and the Sun B. Safety at Home and School D. The American Red Cross

217. The word “aided” in paragraph 1 means ______. A. reported D. helped B. understood C. caught

218. The author really tries to make the reader see that this organization ______. A. costs very little money C. teaches first aid if necessary B. helps any people in need D. gets into trouble

219. The person who started the idea of this organization was ______. A. Cross B. Barton C. Dunant D. a prisoner of war

220. The American Red Cross aimed at ______. A. helping people in need B. teaching first aid, demonstrating water safety and artificial respiration C. providing blood for the sick and wounded D. all of the above III. Cloze Directions: There are 6 passages in this part. Each passage has 10 blanks. For each blank there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D. You should choose the ONE answer that best completes the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center. Passage One Dr. William C Stokoe, Jr., was the chairman of the English Department at Gallaudet University. He saw the way deaf people communicated and was extremely 221 . He was a hearing person, and signs of the deaf were totally new to him. Dr. Stokoe decided to propose a study of sign language. Many other teachers were not interested, and though Dr. Stokoe was 222 to think about studying sign language. Even deaf teachers were not very interested in the project. However, Dr. Stokoe did not give up. 223 , he started the Linguistics Research Program in 1957. Stokoe and his two deaf assistants, worked on this project during the summer and after school. The three researchers made films of deaf people signing. The deaf people in the film did not understand 224 the research about and were just trying to be nice to Dr. Stokoe. Many people thought the whole project was silly, but 225 agreed with Dr. Stokoe in order to please him.

专升本大纲词汇表

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成才热线:

中安 King 专升本英语 词汇

What pains us train us! Keep your eyes on the stars,and your feet on the ground.

Stokoe and his team studied the films of signing. They 226 the films and try to see patterns in the signs. The results of the research were 227 : the signs used by all of the signers followed certain linguistic rules. Dr. Stokoe was the first linguist to test American Sign Language as a real language. He published the 228 in 1960, but not many people paid attention to the study. Dr. Stokoe was still 229 —he was the only linguist who 230 that sign language was more than gestures. He knew it was a language of its own and not just another form of English. 九、 A. ashamed 十、 A. idealistic 十一、 A. Otherwise D. Afterwards 十二、 A. what 十三、 A. strongly D. merely 十四、 A. made D. analyzed 十五、 A. dissatisfying D. disappointing 十六、 A. results D. resolutions 十七、 A. anxious D. alone 十八、 A. wished D. decided B. reasoned C. believed B. afraid C. alert B. alarming B. consequences C. surprising C. endings B. why D. which B. hardly B. advertised C. C. willingly C. released that B. bored D. involved B. crazy D. normal B. Instead C. C. smart C. Additionally interested

Passage Two Paper is one of the most important products ever invented by man. Widespread 231 of written language would not have been 232 without some cheap and practical material to write 233 . The invention of paper meant that more people could be educated because more books could be printed and 234 . Together with the printing press, paper 235 an important way to spread knowledge. Paper was first made in China. In Egypt and the West, paper was not very 236 used before the year 1400. The Egyptians wrote on a type of paper 237 from a glasslike water plant; Europeans used a writing material made from the skin of a sheep or goat 238 many hundreds of years. We have learnt some of the most important facts of European history from records or documents still 239 in good condition. The Chinese first made
专升本大纲词汇表 57 成才热线:

中安 King 专升本英语 词汇

What pains us train us! Keep your eyes on the stars,and your feet on the ground.

paper about 2,000 years ago. China still 240 pieces of paper which were made as long ago as that. It was made from the hair-like parts of certain plants. 231. A. use 232. A. active 233. A. by D. with 234. A. divided distributed 235. A. offered provided 236. A. always generally 237. A. made consisting 238. A. at during 239. A. protected looked after 240. A. has favors B. account B. positive B. on B. spread B. granted B. usually B. making B. for B. preserved B. holds C. access C. possible C. in C. scattered C. supplied C. commonly C. consisted C. in C. cared for C. prefers D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D. application D. possibility

Passage Three When I was a boy, children always objected 241 wearing school uniform but teachers were 242 on it because they said all of us looked 243 . Otherwise, and the poorer children would be they said children could compete with 244 unhappy because people would see how poor they were. In recent years, however, many schools have 245 the idea of making children wear uniform but funnily enough, now that children can wear 246 they like, they have adopted a uniform of their own. When some journalists visited a London school, they found that all the boys and girls were dressed in jeans. One girl said she would rather die than wear a coat instead of a jersey because 247 wants to look different 248 the other children in the class. Parents may not be as happy about this as children, but they 249 to be, because this new kind of uniform is one that the children like, not something they have forced to wear, and it is also 250 cheaper than school uniform used to be. 241. A. against B. to C. for D. on 242. A. warm B. eager C. keen D. interested
专升本大纲词汇表 58 成才热线:

中安 King 专升本英语 词汇
243. A. same alike 244. A. each other 245. A. waited for 246. A. that 247. A. anyone 248. A. than 249. A. ought 250. A. a lot B. like B. another D. others B. taken off D. given up B. which D. as B. no one D. someone B. that D. to B. should D. had B. very D. a lot of Passage Four

What pains us train us! Keep your eyes on the stars,and your feet on the ground.

C. as C. themselves C. put out C. C. C. C. C.

D.

what none from would more

When the guests sit down at a dinner table, it is customary for the men to help the ladies by pushing their chairs under them. Some Americans no longer do this, so the visitor must notice 251 do and do 252 . Until the meal is 253 , if the dinner is in a private home, a guest may avoid embarrassment by leaving the talking 254 someone else. Some families have a habit of offering a prayer of thanks before they eat. 255 . If a prayer is offered, everyone 256 quietly with bowed head until the prayer is over. If the family does not 257 the custom, there is no pause in the conversation. 258 dinner, guests usually stay for two or three hours, 259 the thoughtful person is careful not to overstay his or her welcome. The host and hostess may 260 a guest to stay longer in order to be polite, but most dinner parties break up at about 11 o’clock. 2, A. that others 3, A. likely 4, A. in the way 5, A. for 6, A. So do other families C. Other families do not 7, A. does not sit 8, A. follow B. sits B. reserve B. which others B. alike B. on the way B. to C. others C. likewise C. under way C. with D. what others D. unlikely D. out of the way D. about

B. The same is true of other families D. Nor do other families C. is not seated C. adjust C. Following D. sit D. characterize D. Having been

9, A. Being followed by B. Finished finished
专升本大纲词汇表 59

成才热线:

中安 King 专升本英语 词汇
10,A. nevertheless 11,A. decline B. but B. suggest

What pains us train us! Keep your eyes on the stars,and your feet on the ground.

C. however C. emphasize

D. despite D. urge

Passage Five There are times when you find yourself unable to work out a problem. It is at this 261 that the way in which you use your teacher is important. With a good teachers such times should be less frequent than with a bad one, so the 262 the teacher, the more responsibility you have for your success! Whatever your luck in this 263 , one thing is most significant and stays the same, whatever the quality of teaching you 264 : if there is something you don't understand, you must ask, again and again if necessary, until you do understand it fully. 265 as this may seem, it is almost unbelievable how many people would rather sit in silent ignorance than admit not understanding. To behave in such a way is the only truly 266 thing a student can do: it's a false form of pride, which is the most useless, damaging quality anyone can have, to say 267 of a student! Therefore, regard your teacher as a guide or even a friend and do not sit 268 wondering what he's going on about. You may also ask a friend or classmate for help. Remember, there's always someone who is better than you in your class. And many newspapers and magazines set the special 269 for students, you can write to them and get replied in time. Listen to the radio, watch good TV 270 more often, maybe at a certain moment you'll find your question is being explained there and then. 12,A. course 13,A. bad 14,A. field 15,A. offer 16,A. Negative 17,A. safe 18,A. something 19,A. quietly 20,A. books covers 21,A. sports programs B. point B. better B. period B. describe B. Obvious B. simple B. anything B. honestly B. editors B. news C. thought C. worse C. respect C. arrange C. Difficult C. strange C. nothing C. separately C. sections C. speeches D. chance D. good D. direction D. receive D. Suitable D. stupid D. none D. gently D. D.

Passage Six The relations between men and wives are changing too. A majority of working women remain 271 their home; they come back at night to the cleaning, washing, and cooking that 272 their second career. But more and more husbands are sharing the burden and willingly 273 chores that their fathers would have rejected as unmanly, and as too much
专升本大纲词汇表 60 成才热线:

中安 King 专升本英语 词汇

What pains us train us! Keep your eyes on the stars,and your feet on the ground.

mysteriously difficult anyway. 274 such cases, man and wife become equal partners, both working outside, both pushing their vacuum cleaner. 275 , the number of husbands who do help in that way is much smaller than the number of those who accept the idea in theory, 276 the equal partnership is a fact, it does not always work well. The marriage can be destroyed when the wife is more successful in her profession 277 her husband in his, particularly when she earns more than he does. Sociologists see in this situation one of the main reasons for the increase in divorce rate, another reason 278 the husband’s refusal to help with the housework or the care of children. A third reason could be the growing awareness of the professional women 279 she does not have to remain married 280 she is too unhappy. 271. A. in full charge of of D.taking charge 272. A. are accounted for make up 273. A. taking in taking up 274. A. On C. In 275. A. What’s more D. Actually 276. A. and when if 277. A. than C. comparing to 278. A. is C. being 279. A. when D. that 280. A. despite unless D. if D. At B. Most importantly B. when D. even if B. and D. contrary to B. is that D. is why B. whom B. until C. what C. C. Although C. as B. in the full charge of B. consisting of B. taking on D. taking for B. Under C. the charge C. are formed C. D.

IV. Dialogue Completion Directions: There are 20 short incomplete dialogues between two speakers, each followed by four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the answer that appropriately suits the conversational context and best completes the dialogue and blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet. 281. Woman: Bob, do you think you can lend me fifty dollars?
专升本大纲词汇表 61 成才热线:

中安 King 专升本英语 词汇
Bob: Let me see. ________ A. You know I have no money at all. about me. C. I don’t think you should do it. 282. Client: hello. May I speak to Mr. Turner? Secretary: ________ A. Speaking, please. C. Sorry. He’s at a meeting right now.

What pains us train us! Keep your eyes on the stars,and your feet on the ground.

B. Sorry, I don’t think I have much D. Oh, I have quite a lot.

B. Hello. Who’re you please. D. Hello. Thank you for calling.

283. Jackson: Hi! Frank. Thank you very much for your helping me get out of the trouble. Frank: ________ A. It’s a pleasure. C. That is what I should do. B. I’d like to do so. D. That’s a very small trouble.

284. Lily: Hello, John! What was the weather like yesterday? John: ________ A. I like nice and bright weather. C. That was a favorable weather. B. You don’t like cold weather, do you? D. Nice and bright, not too cold.

285. Mary: How do you like Professor White’s lecture? John: ________ A. He talked about economy. C. Very much. 286. Woman: Jack, ________ Jack: Of course. But the lock is not working very well, I’m afraid. A. I want to use your bike. C. do you use your bike now? B. can you give your bike to me?. D. can I borrow your bike for a while? B. He teaches Class 2 students. D. He is a middle-aged professor.

287. Bush: Do you mind my opening the window to let some fresh air in? Emile: ________ A. Yes, certainly. glad you do it. B. Of course, not. C. Yes, please do it. D. I am

288. Peter: You seem to be very pleased today. Any good news? Rose: ________ A. Yes. I have got my Master’s degree for three years of hard work. B. You are not right. There is no good news in today’s newspaper. C. I think most people like good news. D. Yes. We are talking about the news in yesterday’s newspapers.

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What pains us train us! Keep your eyes on the stars,and your feet on the ground.

289. Tom: I’d like to book two tickets, please, for the tomorrow’s early morning flight to Beijing. Jane: ________ A. OK, that’s fine. B. Can I help you, Sir?

C. Wait a moment, please. I’ll book them for you. D. I’m very glad you like to book the plane tickets. 290. Waiter: ________ Customer: No, thank you. I have already known what to order. A. Do you like this kind of dishes? seat, please. C. Would you like to see a menu? B. You are welcome to our restaurant. Take D. Everybody! Order, please!

291. Jack: Could you show me the way to the information desk? Jim: ________ A. Go straight to the information desk. C. Who are you speaking to? B. Just follow me, please. D. Who is it speaking?

292. Peter: It’s such a nice warm day. I think I’ll go out for a walk. Dave: ________ A. It is warm to take a walk. C. I’d like to join you. B. Yes. It is warm today. D. Yes. Everybody like this weather.

293. Jane: I’d like to have some ice cream if you don’t mind. Man: _____________________. Help yourself. A. of course not 294. Green: You look cold and tired, Gary. How about a cup of coffee? Shirley: ________ A. No, thank you just the same. C. I am neither cold nor tired. 295. Guest: Oh, it’s ten o’clock. I’d better go now. Host: ________ A. OK. Please walk slowly and take care. B. Why do you want to go now? Don’t you want to stay? C. Yeah, it’s really late. Why not immediately? cup of coffee? D. Won’t you stay for another B. Yes, I think you are right. D. Thank you, I prefer coffee to tea. B. Yes, I do C. Oh, yes D. Of course

296. Tom: It’s the most delicious fruit I have had a long time. Smith: ________
专升本大纲词汇表 63 成才热线:

中安 King 专升本英语 词汇
A. I’m so glad you like it. now. C. I like eating this fruit, too. 297. Wilson: Hello. May I speak to Peter? Peter: ________ A. Sorry, the number is engaged. Will you hold? C. Hello. Who’re you, please?

What pains us train us! Keep your eyes on the stars,and your feet on the ground.

B. You are not hungry D. You should like it.

B. Yes, speaking. D. Hello. Thank you for calling.

298. Peter: How about going to the movies tonight then? Mary: ________ A. I don’t know. C. That sounds good. 299. Woman: Jack, good job! Jack: ________ A. Oh, that’s all right. C. Not good enough, I’m afraid. 300. Doctor: ________ Patient: I’ve caught a bad cold and got a sour throat. A. What seems to be the problem? C. Good morning. May I help you? recently? B. Do you have anything to declare, sir? D. How have you been getting along B. Do you think so? D. Thank you. I tried. B. The movie is very interesting. D. The movie is very boring.

专升本英语综合练习题参考答案 I. Vocabulary and Structure 1-5 ADACB 6-10 CDABC 11-15 ACBDA 21-25 ADBCA 26-30 BCCDA 31-35 ADDCB 41-45 ADBCA 61-65 ABACD 81-85 BBCDA 101-105 CBDAB 121-125 CABDD 141-145 BACDA 46-50 CBADC 66-70 BDBAC 86-90 CACDB 106-110 ACDAB 126-130 BDABC 146-150 BCDBA 51-55 CADCB 71-75 BCABD 91-95 ADCBC 111-115 BADCA 131-135 ADBAC 151-155 BCADC

16-20 BCADC 36-40 BCADB 56-60 CBDAC 76-80 CBCDA 96-100 DCBCA 116-120 BADCA 136-140 DCABD 156-160 ADCBD

II. Reading Comprehension 161-165 DBACA 181-185 ABADC 201-205 ACBDA
专升本大纲词汇表

166-170 CBDBA 186-190 ACDBC 206-210 CDABA
64

171-175 BDCDA 191-195 AACDD 211-215 DBDBC

176-180 CDABC 196-200 BCADC 216-220 ADBBD

成才热线:

中安 King 专升本英语 词汇

What pains us train us! Keep your eyes on the stars,and your feet on the ground.

III. Cloze 221-225 CBBAD 241-245 BCDAD BACBD 261-265 BCCBB 226-230 DCADC 246-250 CBCAA 266-270 DCACD 231-235 ACBDD 251-255 DCCBC 271-275 ADBCD 236-240 CABBA 256-260

276-280 AACDD

IV. Dialogue Completion 281-285 BCADC 286-290 DBAAC 291-295 BCDAD 296-300 ABCDA

词 汇 表 A a (an) 一,一个 abandon 放弃,丢弃 ability 能力,才能 able 能干的 abnormal 反常的,不规则的 aboard 在船(飞机,车)上 abolish 废除,取消 abortion 流产,堕胎 about 大约,关于 above 在…上面,超过 abroad 到国外,遍布 abrupt 突然的,粗鲁的 absence 缺席,缺少 absent 缺席的,茫然 absolute 绝对的,确实的 absorb 吸收,接受 abstract 抽象的,摘要 absurd 荒谬的,可笑的 abundant 丰富的,充裕的 abuse 滥用,辱骂 academic 学术的,学院的 academy 院校,研究院;学会
专升本大纲词汇表 65

accelerate 加速,促进;增加速度 accent 重音,口音;强调 accept 接爱,认可 access 接进;进入;途径 accessible 易接近的,可理解的 accident 事故,意外的事 accommodation 适应,膳食供应 accompany 陪伴,陪同,伴随 accomplish 完成,实现 account 解释,说明 accountant 会计,出纳 accumulate 积累,积蓄,堆积 accuracy 准备性;准备度 accurate 准备的,正确的 accuse 控告,指责 accustomed 习惯了的 ache 痛,想念 achieve 完成,达到 achievement 成就,实现 acid 酸的,酸性物质 acknowledge 承认,感谢 acquaintance 认识,熟人
成才热线:

中安 King 专升本英语 词汇
acquire 获得,学到 acquisition 获得;获得物 acre 英亩 across 穿过,横过 act 行动,表演 active 积极的,活动的 activity 活动,活动性 actor 演员,男演员 actress 女演员 actual 实际的,现行的 acute 尖的,急性的 AD 公元;广告 ad= advertisement 广告,做广告 adapt 使适应,改编 adaptation 改编,适应 add 加,进一步说(或写) addicted 沉溺的,上瘾的 addition 加法,增加 address 地址,住址 adequate 充足的,任任的 adjust 调整,校整,适应于 adjustment 调整,校整 administration 管理,经营,行政 admirable 可赞赏的,堂堂的 admire 羡慕,钦佩 admission 允许进入,入场费 admit 承认,接纳 adolescence 青春期,青少年 adolescent 青少年的,青春期的 adopt 采取,收养 ore 崇拜,热爱 ad adult 成的人的,已成熟的 advance 促进,提高, advantage 优势,利益 adventure 冒险,奇遇 advertisement 广告,登广告 advice 劝告,意见 advise 劝告,建议,通知 advocate 提倡,提倡者
专升本大纲词汇表 2

What pains us train us! Keep your eyes on the stars,and your feet on the ground.

affair 事情,事务 affect 影响,感动 affection 爱,感情,作用 afford 提供,负担的起 afraid 害怕的,恐怕 Africa 非洲 African 非洲的,非洲人的 after 在……后面,后来 afternoon 下午,午后 afterward(s) 然后,后来 again 再,又,此外 against 反对;倚靠 age 年龄,时代 agenda 议程,议事日程 agent 代理人,代理商 aggressive 侵略的,有进取心的 ago 以前,……前 agree 赞同,一致,约定 agreement 协议,同意 agricultural 农业的,农艺的 agriculture 农业,农艺;农学 ahead 在前,向前,提前 aid 帮助,救护 AIDS 爱滋病 aim 企图,瞄准 air 天空,大气;样子 aircraft 飞机,飞艇 airline 航线,航空公司 airmail 航空邮件,航空邮政 airplane 飞机 airport 机场,航空港 airspace 空气,空间,上空 alarm 惊恐;警报 album 粘贴薄;相册;文选 alcohol 酒精 alcoholic 酒精的 algebra 代数学,代数 alike 相似的,相象的 alive 活着的,有活力的
成才热线:

中安 King 专升本英语 词汇
all 全部的,完全地 allergic 过敏的,极讨厌的 alley 小径,胡同 allocate 分配,把……拨给 allow 允许,承认,考虑到 allowance 允许,准许, almost 几乎,大概 alone 单独的,唯一的 along 沿着,向前 alongside 在旁边,横靠 aloud 出声地,大声地 alphabet 字母表 already 已,已经 also 也,同样;而且 alternative 两者选一的;交替的 although 尽管,虽然 altitude 高度,高处 altogether 完全,全部,总共 aluminium 铝 always 总是,一直,永远 am 是 am. / am, AM. / AM 上午 amateur 业余的,业余爱好者 amazing 令人惊异的 America 美国,美洲 ambassador (ambassadress) 大使,使节 ambiguous 暧昧的,不明确的 ambition 野心,抱负 ambulance 救护车;野战医院 among 在……中间 amount 数量,总计 ample 充分的,足够的 amuse 逗乐,使……开心 amusement 娱乐,消谴 analyse 分析,分解 analysis 分析,解析 ancestor 祖先,祖宗 ancient 古代的,古老的 and 和;并且;那么
专升本大纲词汇表 3

What pains us train us! Keep your eyes on the stars,and your feet on the ground.

anecdote 轶闻,轶事 anger 愤怒,使……发怒 angle 角,角度,观点 angry 愤怒的;生气的 animal 动物;肉欲的 ankle 踝,脚脖子 anniversary 周年,周年纪念日 announce 宣布,发表 annoy 使生气,使恼火 annual 每年的,年报 another 另一;别的 answer 回答,答复 ant 蚂蚁 Antarctic 南极的;南极区 antique 古代的,古物 anxiety 焦虑,担心 anxious 焦虑的,渴望的 any 一些,任何 anybody 任何人,无论谁 anyhow 无论如何;总之 anyone 无论谁,任何人 anything 任何事,一切 anyway 不管怎样说,总之 anywhere 无论哪里,任何地方 apart 分开,相距 apartment 房间 apologize 道歉;辩解 apology 道歉;辩护 apparent 表面的,显然的 appeal 请求,呼吁,上诉 appear 出现,显露 appearance 显露,外观 appendix 附录;附属物 appetite 胃口;爱好;欲望 applaud 喝彩,欢呼 apple 苹果,苹果树 applicant 申请人 application 申请,申请表,实用 apply 申请,应用
成才热线:

中安 King 专升本英语 词汇
appoint 任命,委派,指定 appointment 约会,认命 appreciate 欣赏,鉴别 appreciation 欣赏,鉴别 approach 接近,走近,处理 appropriate 适当的,拨款,占用 approval 同意,赞成,批准 approve 赞成,同意,批准 approximately 近似的,大约 apron 围裙 arbitrary 任意的,武断的,专断的 arch 拱形,用拱连接 architect 建筑师,设计师 architecture 建筑,建筑学 Arctic 北极,北极的 are 是 area 空地,面积 argue 争辩,辩论 argument 争论,论点 arise (arose, arisen) 出发,发生,由…… 引起 arithmetic 算术,四则运算 arm 手臂,武装 armchair 扶手椅 army 军队,大群 around 周围,到处,大约 arrange 安排,整理 arrangement 排列,整理 arrest 逮捕;惹人注目的 arrival 到达,到达者 arrive 到达,抵达;到来 arrow 箭,箭头号 art 艺术,美术 article 文章,论文 artificial 人工的,人造的 artist 艺术家,美术家 as 同样的;像……一样 ash 灰,灰末;骨灰 ashamed 羞耻;惭愧
专升本大纲词汇表 4

What pains us train us! Keep your eyes on the stars,and your feet on the ground.

Asia 亚洲 Asian 亚洲人 aside 在旁边 ask 询问,请求 asleep 睡着的,熟睡 aspect 样子,而貌 assess 估定,评定 assessment 估价,评价 assist 援助,帮助 assistance 帮助,援助 assistant 助手,助教;帮助的 associate 把……联系在一起;交往 association 联合,交往 assume 假定,承担 assumption 假定,设想 astonish 使惊讶的,使吃惊的 astronaut 太空人,宇航员 astronomer 天文学家 astronomy 天文学 at 在,向,对 athlete 运动员,田径运动员 athletic 运动的,体育的 Atlantic 大西洋的,大西洋 atmosphere 大气压,环境,气氛 atom 原子,微量 attach 固定住,附加 attack 固定住,附加 attain 达到,获得,完成 attempt 尝试,试图 attend 出席,参加,照顾 attention 注意,留意,立正 attitude 姿势,态度 attract 吸引,引诱 attraction 吸引,吸引力 attractive 迷人的,引人注意的 audience 听众,观众,读者 aunt 姨母,姑母,伯母…… authentic 真的,原作的,可靠的 author 作家,作者,创造者
成才热线:

中安 King 专升本英语 词汇
authority 官方,当局,权力 automatic 自动的机器 autonomous 自主的,自治的 autumn 秋,秋季 available 可利用的,可得到的 avenue 大街,途径 average 平均,平均的 avoid 避免,回避,逃避 B baby 婴儿,孩子气的 bachelor 单身汉 back 背部,后面的 background 背景,后景,经历 backward(s) 向后地,相反地 bacon 咸肉 bacterium 细菌 bad (worse, worst) 坏的,有害的 badminton 羽毛球 bag 包,口袋 baggage 行李 bakery 面包店 balance 使平衡;天平 balcony 阳台,二楼包厢 ball 球,舞会 ballet 芭蕾舞 balloon 气球,使成气球状 bamboo 竹子 ban 禁止,取缔 banana 香蕉 band 带,乐队,一伙 bandage 绷带,包扎 bank 银行;岸 bar 条,棒;酒吧 barbecue 烤肉架 barber 理发师 barbershop 理发店 bare 赤裸的;仅仅的 bargain 交议;便宜货 bark 吠叫,咆哮
专升本大纲词汇表 5

What pains us train us! Keep your eyes on the stars,and your feet on the ground.

awake (awoke, awoken) award 唤醒,醒来,醒着的 aware 意识到,知道的 away 离开,远离 awesome 可怕的 awful 可怕的,讨厌的 awkward 尴尬的,笨拙的

barrier 栅栏;障碍 base 基础;基地 baseball 棒球,棒球运动 basement 地下室,底部 basic 基础的,根本的,主要的 basin 盆,洗脸盆 basis 基础,主要成分 basket 筐,篮,篓 basketball 篮球 bat 球棒;击球 bath 洗澡;浴室 bathe 给……洗澡;弄湿 bathroom 浴室,卫生间 bathtub 浴缸 battery 电池,一系列 battle 战役,斗争 bay 海湾,阻挡 B. C. 一(个);每一(个) be (am, is, are, was, were, being, been)是 beach 海滩,河滩 bean 豆,蚕豆 bean curd 豆腐 bear1 熊,粗鲁的人 bear2 忍受 beard 胡须,络腮胡子 beast 兽类;凶残的人 beat (beat, beaten) 打击;心跳 beautiful 美丽的,美好的 beauty 美,美人 because 因为 become (became, become) 成为,变得
成才热线:

中安 King 专升本英语 词汇
bed 床;河床 beddings 寝具 bedroom 卧室 bee 蜜蜂;忙碌的人 beef 牛肉;发牢骚 beer 啤酒 before 以前;在……前面 beg 乞讨;请求 begin (began, begun) 开始 behalf 利益,唯护 behave 行为,举止 behaviour 习行;习性 behind 在…后面;落后于 being 存在,生存;生物 belief 相信;信仰 believe 相信,认为 bell 铃,钟声 belly 肚子;腹部 belong 属于,应归入 below 在…下面;到下面 belt 腰带;地带 bench 长凳;(工作)台 bend (bent, bent) (使)弯曲,屈服 beneath 在…下面;在下方 beneficial 有利的;有益的 benefit 利益;津贴;有益于 bent 嗜好,倾向;下决心的 beside 在…旁边;在…附近 besides 除…之外;而且 betray 出卖,背叛;暴露 between 中间;在(两者)之间 beyond 在…之外;超出 bicycle 自行车,脚踏车 bid 报价,投标;出价 big 大的,重要的;大量地 bike=bicycle 自行车 bill 账单;票据;钞票;法案 bingo 一种赌博游戏 biochemistry 生物化学 biography 传记
专升本大纲词汇表 5

What pains us train us! Keep your eyes on the stars,and your feet on the ground.

biology 生物学;生态学 bird 鸟,禽类 birth 出生;出身;起源 birthday 生日;纪念日 birthplace 诞生地 biscuit 饼干;点心 bishop 主教 bit 一点;比特;钻头 bite (bit, bitten) 咬;刺痛 bitter 辛苦的,严寒的 black 黑;黑暗的 blackboard 黑板 blame 责怪;过错 blank 空白的;表格 blanket 毯子;覆盖层 bleed 出血,流血 bless 祝福,保佑 blind 瞎的;盲目的 block 大块;障碍物;赌塞 blood 血;血统,出身 blouse 女衬衫;童衫 blow (blew, blown) 吹;爆炸;吹气 blue 蓝色的;忧郁的 board 板;委员会 boat 小船;划船 body 身体;正文 boil 沸腾;煮沸 bomb 炸弹;轰炸 bond 粘合;联合 bone 骨头;骨骼 bonus 奖金;补贴;红利 book 书本;卷;预订 boom 繁荣;(发出)隆隆声 boot 靴子;解雇 booth 货摊;小间 border 边缘;和…接界 bored 无趣的;烦人的 boring 钻孔,挖动 born 出生的,天生的 borrow 借,借入
成才热线:

中安 King 专升本英语 词汇
boss 老板,上司;指挥 botanical 植物的 botany 植物学 both 二者,双方的 bother 打扰,麻烦,担心 bottle 瓶子,容器 bottom 底,底部,根基 bounce 反跳,弹起;跳起 bound 一定的,有义务的 boundary 分界线,边界 bow 鞠躬,点头;弓状物 bowl 碗,钵;碗状物 bowling 保龄球 box 盒子,包厢;拳击 boxing 拳击(运动) boy 男孩;侍者 boycott 联合抵制,罢(课,市等) brain 大脑;心智 brake 闸,刹车;减速 branch 树枝,分枝;部门 brand 烙印;商标;铭记 brave 勇敢的,英勇的 bravery 勇敢,大胆 bread 面包,食物 break (broke, broken) 打破,破坏 breakfast 早餐;吃早饭 breakthrough 突围,突破点 breast 乳房,胸脯;奋勇抵抗 breath 呼吸;一口气 breathe 呼吸,吸入 breathe 呼吸,吸入 breathless 气喘吁吁的;死的 brewery(啤酒)酿造厂 brick 砖,方木块 bride 新娘 bridegroom 新郎 bridge 桥,桥梁;桥牌 brief 短暂的,简洁的;摘要 C cab 出租马车,出租车
专升本大纲词汇表 6

What pains us train us! Keep your eyes on the stars,and your feet on the ground.

bright 明亮的;欢快的;聪明的 brilliant 明亮的;光辉的;卓越的 bring (brought, brought) 带来,引起 broad 宽阔的,广泛的 broadcast 广播,播音 brochure 假订本,小册子 broken 弄坏的,被打碎的 broom 扫帚 brother 兄弟,同胞 brown 棕色的,褐色的 brunch 早午餐 brush 刷;刷子;画笔 Buddhism 佛教 budget 预算;经费 buffet 自助餐 build (built, built) 建筑,建设 building 建筑物,大楼 bunch (一)束,串 bungalow 平房,小屋 burden 负担,载重,义务 bureaucratic 官僚的 burglar 夜盗,窃贼 burn (burnt, burnt 或-ed, -ed) 燃烧;烧伤 burst 爆炸,破裂 bury 掩盖,埋藏 bus 公共汽车 bush 灌木 business 生意;业务;企业 businessman/ woman 商人 busy 繁忙的;使忙于 but 但是;除…之外 butcher 屠夫,肉贩;屠杀 butter 黄油,奶油 butterfly 蝴蝶 button 扣子,按纽;紧扣 buy (bought, bought) 购买,交易 by 被,经,由;经过 bye 再见 cabbage 洋白菜,卷心菜
成才热线:

中安 King 专升本英语 词汇
café 小餐馆;咖啡厅 cafeteria 自助餐厅 cage 笼,鸟笼 calculate 计划,核算,推测 cake 饼,蛋糕;块 call 叫做,叫喊;打电话 calm 平静的,镇静的 camel 骆驼 camera 照相机,摄影机 camp 野营,营地,扎营 campaign 战役,运动 can (could); can’t =cannot 能,会,可以 modal 形式的;模态的 can 筒,罐头 canal 运河,沟渠,水道 cancel 取消,作废,删除 cancer 癌症,肿瘤 candidate 候选人,应试者 candle 蜡烛 candy 糖果 canteen 小卖部,临时餐室 cap 帽子,帽状物 capital 首都;资本;重要的 capsule 胶囊,太空舱 captain 船长,陆军队长;陆军上尉 caption 标题,说明,解说词 car 车,汽车,车厢 carbon 碳 card 卡片,名片,请帖 care 关心,愿意,照料 careful 小心的,仔细的 careless 粗心的,疏忽的 carpenter 木工,木匠 carpet 地毯,训斥 carriage 马车,客车厢 carrier 运载工具,搬运人 carrot 胡萝卜 carry 搬,拿,运载 cartoon 卡通片,漫画 carve 雕刻,切割
专升本大纲词汇表 8

What pains us train us! Keep your eyes on the stars,and your feet on the ground.

case 情况,病例,箱 cash 现金,现款;兑现 cassette 珠宝箱,暗盒;字盒 cast (cast, cast) 投;撒;铸件 castle 城堡;置…于城堡中 casual 偶然的,随便的 cat 猫,猫科动物 catalogue 目录;为…编目 catastrophe 灾难,灾祸 catch (caught, caught) 抓住,赶上 category 门类,种类,范畴 cater 满足,迎合,投合 catholic 天主教的,天主教徒 cattle 牛,牲口 cause 造成,致使;原因 caution 谨慎,警告 cautious 小心的,谨慎的 cave 山洞,洞穴 CD=compact disk 光碟 ceiling 天花板,顶蓬 celebrate 庆祝,庆贺;赞美 celebration 庆祝会,典礼 cell 细胞,电池,小房间 cent 分,分币;百 centigrade 摄氏温度的,摄氏温度 centimeter 厘米 central 中心的,中央的;主要的 centre 中心,中枢,集中 century 世纪,百年 ceremony 典礼,礼节 certain 肯定的,必然的 certificate 证书,证件,执照 chain 链,一系列 chair 椅子,主席位 chairman/ woman 主席,议长,会长 chalk 粉笔 challenge 挑战,艰巨任务 challenging 挑战性的,有魅力的 champion 冠军;保卫 chance 机会,机遇;可能性
成才热线:

中安 King 专升本英语 词汇
change 改变,交换;变化 changeable 易变的,可变的 channel 海峡,航道;传送 chant 歌,歌唱 chaos 混乱,混沌 character 性格;特征;符号 characteristic 特性,特征;本性的 charge 费用,控告;使充满 chapter 章,回,篇 chart 图,图表 chat 聊天,闲谈 cheap 廉价的,便宜的;劣质的 cheat 欺骗,骗取;骗子 check 检查;阻扯;支票 cheek 面颊,脸蛋 cheer 高兴,欢呼;振奋 cheerful 高兴的,使人愉快的 cheers 举标敬酒之用语 cheese 乳酪,干酪 chef 厨师,厨师长 chemical 化学的,化学制品的 chemist 化学家,药剂师 chemistry 化学 cheque 支票 chess 国际象棋 chest 胸,胸腔;柜子 chew 咀嚼,思量 chicken 小鸡,鸡肉;胆小的 chief 主要的;首长 child 小孩,儿童 childhood 童年,幼年 chocolate 巧克力;深褐色的 choice 选择;精选的 choir 歌唱队 choke 窒息,噎住,堵塞 choose (choose, chosen) 选择,挑选;情 愿 chopsticks 筷子 chorus 合唱(队);齐声 Christian 基督教徒;信徒
专升本大纲词汇表 9

What pains us train us! Keep your eyes on the stars,and your feet on the ground.

Christmas 圣诞节 church 教堂,教会 cigar 雪茄烟 亲吻 cigarette 香烟,纸烟 cinema 电影,影片 circle 圆;圈子;围绕 circuit 线路;一圈 circulate (使)循环;(使)传播 circumstance 环境,情况,条件 circus 杂技场,马戏团 citizen 公民,市民,居民 city 城市,都市 civil 公民的,国内的 civilian 平民;平民的,民众的 civilization 文明,文化,文明社会 clap 拍手喝彩,鼓掌 clarify 讲清楚,阐明 class 班级;等级;课 classic 传统的;最优秀的;杰作 classify 把…分类;把…类为 classmate 同班同学 classroom 教室,课堂 claw 用爪抓;爪 clay 粘土,泥土 clean 干净的;完全地;打扫 cleaner 清尘器;清洁工 clear 清晰的,晴朗的 clerk 办事员,公务员 clever 聪明的,灵巧的 click 发出咔嗒声;情投意合 climate 气候,风气 climb 爬,上升 clinic 医务室,门诊室 clock 时钟,仪表 clone 无性系 close 关闭,结束 cloth 布,织物;抹布 clothes 衣服,服装,被褥 clothing 衣服,衣着 cloud 云;一缕;阴影
成才热线:

中安 King 专升本英语 词汇
cloudy 多云的;模糊不清的 club 俱乐部;棍棒 clumsy 笨拙的,愚笨的 coach 旅客车厢;教练;辅导 coal 煤,煤块 coast 海岸,海滨;滑行 coat 外套;表皮;涂上 cocoa 可可粉,可可茶,可可树 coffee 咖啡;咖啡色 coin 硬币,钱币;铸造 coincidence 巧合,同时发生 coke 可乐,焦炭 cold 冷的,冷淡的;伤风 collar 衣领,项圈;扭住 colleague 同事,同僚 collect 收集,聚集 collection 收集,采集;收藏品 college 学院,大学 collision 碰撞,冲突 colour 颜色;给…着色 comb 梳子,梳理 combine (使)结合;(使)合并 come (came, come) 来;出现;成为 comedy 喜剧;喜剧性事件 comfort 使舒服的;安慰 comfortable 舒适的,自在的 command 命令,控制,掌握 comment 评论,评注;注释 commercial 商业的,可获利的 commit 犯(错误,罪行);提交 commitment 承诺 committee 委员会,全体委员 common 普通的,寻常的,共有的 communicate 交际;传达;通讯 communication 通讯;交流;传达 communism 共产主义 communist 共产主义者;共产主义的 companion 同伴,伴侣;陪伴 company 公司;陪伴;(一)伙 compare 比较;比作;对照
专升本大纲词汇表 10

What pains us train us! Keep your eyes on the stars,and your feet on the ground.

compass 指南针;圆规 compensate 补偿,赔偿;酬报 compete 比赛,竞争;对抗 competence 能力,胜任 competition 竞赛,竞争,比赛 complete 完成;完全地 complex 错综复杂的;综合企业 component 成分,部件;组成的 composition 构成;作文;写作 comprehension 理解,理解力;领悟 compromise 让步;威害;妥协 compulsory 强制的,必修的;规定的 computer 计算机;电脑 concentrate 浓缩,精选;集中 concept 概念,观念 concern 关系,关心;与…有关 concert 音乐会,演奏会;一齐 conclude 推断出,结束;缔结 conclusion 结论,推论;结尾 concerte 商议好的,协定的 condition 状况,环境,条件 condemn 谴责,宣判 conduct 处理,指挥;举止 conductor 售票员,列车员,导体 confident 确信的,自信的 confidential 秘密的,表信任的 conference 会议,讨论会 confirm 证实,批准,确认 conflict 争论,冲突,斗争 confuse 使混乱;混同 congratulate 祝贺,向…道喜 congratulation 祝贺,祝贺词 connect 连接,与…联系 connection 连接,联系 conscience 良心,道德心 consensus 一致,共识 consequence 结果,后果;重要性 conservation 保存,保护;守恒 conservative 小心谨慎的;保守的人 consider 考虑,体谅
成才热线:

中安 King 专升本英语 词汇
considerate 体谅的,考虑周到的 consideration 考虑,体谅,关心 consist 存在于,由……组成 consistent 一致的;坚持的 constant 忠实的;常数 constitution 章程,宪法;体质 construct 构筑,建造;建筑物 construction 建设;建筑物 consult 请教;查阅;交换意见 consultant 顾问,会诊医生 consume 消费,毁灭 contain 包含,含有,克制 container 容器,集装箱 contemporary 当代的,同龄的 content1 容量,内容,满足 content2 满意的,高兴的 continent 大陆;陆地;克制的 continue 连续,继续,延伸 contradict 反驳,否认;与……矛盾 contradictory 反驳的;正反对 contrary 相反的;矛盾 contribute 投稿;捐赠 contribution 损献,贡献 control 控制,支配,克制 cough 咳,咳嗽 could modal 能够 count 计数,总数 counter 计数器,反对;反面 country 国家的,农村的 countryside 乡下,农村 couple 一对,两三个,连接 courage 勇气,胆量,胆识 course 课程;过程 court 法院,球场;向…求爱 credit 信用贷款;信誉 crew 全体船员 crime 罪;犯罪 criminal 犯罪的;罪犯 criterion 标准,准则;尺度 cruel 残酷的,痛苦的
专升本大纲词汇表 11

What pains us train us! Keep your eyes on the stars,and your feet on the ground.

controversial 引起争论的,有争议的 convenience 便利,方便 convenient 便利的,方便的 conventional 普通的,常见的 conversation 会话,谈话 convey 传达,表达 convince 使确信,使信服 cook 炊事员,厨师 cooker 炊具,锅 cookie 小甜饼 cool 凉爽的;沉着的;冷却 copy 抄写;模仿 corn 谷物,玉米 corner 角,转弯 corporation 公司,企业,社团 correct 正确的,合适的;改正 correction 订正,改正 correspond 相当;与…一致 corrupt 贿赂,收买 cost 成本,费用;花费 cosy 舒适的,暖和舒服的 cottage 农舍,小屋 cotton 棉花的,棉制的 courtyard 庭院 cousin 堂(表)兄弟、姐妹 cover 覆盖;涉及 cow 母牛,奶牛;威吓 crash 碰撞,坠落;应急的 crayon 彩色笔(或粉笔) crazy 发疯的;狂热的 cream 奶油;乳脂食品 create 创造,创作,引起 creature 生物,动物;人 crop 收割;庄稼;收成 cross 穿越;相交;交叉 crossing 横度,横穿 crossroads 十字路口,立交桥 crowd 人群;聚满;一群 cry 哭,叫喊
成才热线:

中安 King 专升本英语 词汇

What pains us train us! Keep your eyes on the stars,and your feet on the ground.

cube 立方体;立方 cubic 立方体的;立方的 cuisine 烹调 culture 文化;教养 cup 杯子;奖杯 cupboard 碗柜;食橱 cure 治愈;消除 curious 好奇的,稀奇的 currency 通货;流通 D dad=daddy 爸爸,爹爹 daily 每日的;每天;日报 dam 水坝,堰堤 damage 毁坏,损害 damp 潮湿的 dance 跳舞 danger 危险 dangerous 危险的 dare 敢;敢于 dark 黑暗的,深色的 darkness 黑暗,阴暗 dash 冲,突进,快跑 data 资料,数据 database 资料库,数据库 date 日期,约会 daughter 女儿 dawn 黎明 day 日,天 dead 死的,无生命的 deadline 最后期限,截止日期 deaf 聋的 deal 量,数额 dear 亲爱的;昂贵的 death 死 debate 辩论,争论 debt 债(务) decade 十年 decide 下决心,决定 decision 决定,决心
专升本大纲词汇表 12

curriculum 全部课程;必修课程 curtain (窗、门)帘 cushion 气垫;减轻 custom 习惯,风俗;海关 customer 顾客,主顾 customs 关税(风俗) cut (cut, cut) 切割,削减;切口 cycle 循环;(使)循环 cyclist 骑自行车的人 declare 声明,断言 decline 下倾;拒绝;斜面 decorate 装饰,装修 decoration 装饰,装潢 decrease 减少,减小 deed 行为,事迹 deep 深的;深地 deer 鹿 defeat 击败;战胜 defense 防御;保护 defend 保卫;防守 degree 度数;学位 delay 延迟,耽搁,延误 delete 删除 deliberately 故意地 delicate 纤弱的;精致的 delicious 美味的;可口的 delight 快乐;乐事 delighted 高兴的,快乐的 deliver 递送 demand 要求 dentist 牙医 department 部,局,处和科等;系 departure 离开,启程 depend 依靠,依赖,指望 deposit 使沉淀;存放 depth 深,深度 describe 描述;形容 description 描述,描写
成才热线:

中安 King 专升本英语 词汇
desert 沙漠 deserve 应受,值得 design 设计,遗弃 desire 要求;期望 desk 书桌,写字台 desperate 绝望的;拼死的 dessert 正餐后的水果或甜食 destination 目的地,终点 destroy 破坏,毁坏 detective 侦探 determine 决定;决心 develop 开展,开发 development 发展;开发 devote 专心;献身 devotion 献身,忠诚 diagram 图解,图表 dial 拨(号);打电话 dialogue 对话 diamond 钻石;金刚石 diary 日记 dictation 听写 dictionary 词典,字典 die 死 diet 饮食 differ 与…不同 difference 差别,差异 different 不同的,差异的 difficult 艰难的,困难的 difficulty 困难,费力 dig (dug, dug) 挖,掘 digest 消化,领会 digital 数字的,数码的 dignity 庄严,端庄;尊贵 dilemma 窘境,困境 dimension 尺寸,尺度 dinner 正餐,宴会 dinosaur 恐龙 dioxide 二氧化物 dip 浸,蘸 diploma 毕业文凭,学位证书 direct 直接的;指导
专升本大纲词汇表 13

What pains us train us! Keep your eyes on the stars,and your feet on the ground.

direction 方向,方位 director 指挥者;厂长;主任 directory 人名地址录 dirty 脏的 disability 无能;伤残 disabled 残疾的 disadvantage 不利,不利条件;弱点 disagree 不同意 disagreement 意见不同,争执 disappear 消失 disappoint 失望 disappointed 失望的 disaster 灾难,祸难 discount 折扣 discourage 使泄气,使失去信心 discover 发现 discovery 发现 discrimination 歧视 discuss 讨论 discussion 讨论,议论 disease 疾病 disgusting 令人作呕的,可憎恶的 dish 盘,碟 dish=disc 磁盘 dislike 不喜欢,厌恶 dismiss 解散,解雇 distance 距离 distant 远的,遥远的 distinction 差别,区分 distinguish 区别,辨别 distribute 分发,分配,分布 district 区,地区,区域 disturb 扰乱,打扰 disturbing 烦扰的 dive 跳水 diverse 多种多样的;不同的 divide 分,分开 division 除法 divorce 离婚,分离 dizzy 头晕目眩的 do (did, done) 做
成才热线:

中安 King 专升本英语 词汇
doctor 医生,博士 document 文件,文献 dog 狗 doll 玩偶,玩具娃娃 dollar 元 donate 损赠,赠送 door 门 dormitory 宿舍 dot 点 double 两倍,双的;两个 doubt 怀疑,疑惑 down 向下,沿着 download 下载 downstairs 在楼下;到楼下 downtown 城市的商业区 dozen 一打;几十个 Dr=doctor 医生,大夫 draft 草图,草稿 drag 拖(曳) draw (drew, drawn) 画,绘制 drawback 欠缺,缺点 drawer 抽屉 dream (dreamt, dreamt 或-ed, -ed) 做 梦,向往 E each 各个,每个 eager 渴望的,热切的 eagle 鹰 ear 耳朵;听力,听觉 early 早的(地) earn 挣得,赚得 earth 地球;土地;泥 earthquake 地震 east 东,东方 Easter 复活节 eastern 东方的;东部的 easy 容易的,不费力的 eat (ate, eaten) 吃 ecology 生态学 edge 边缘 edition 版本
专升本大纲词汇表 14

What pains us train us! Keep your eyes on the stars,and your feet on the ground.

dress 女服,服装,穿衣 drill 训练,操练 drink (drank, drunk) 喝,饮 drive (drove, driven) 驱赶;驾驶 driver 司机,驾驶员 drop 滴下,落下 drug 药,药物;毒品 drum 鼓 drunk 醉的 dry 干的;变干 duck 鸭 due 预期的;约定的 dull 阴暗的;单调乏味的 dumpling 饺子 during 在…期间 dusk 黄昏 dustbin 垃圾箱 dusty 尘土多 duty 职责,义务 DVD = digital versatile dish 数字视盘 dynamic 有生气的;动力的 dynasty 王朝,朝代

editor 编辑,编者 educate 教育,培养 educator 教育家 education 教育;培养 effect 效果;作用 effort 努力,艰难的尝试 egg 蛋;卵 eggplant 茄子 either 两者任可一个 elder 长者,前辈 elect 选举 electric 电的 electrical 电的;电器的 electricity 电,电流 electronic 电子 elegant 优美的,优雅的,精致的
成才热线:

中安 King 专升本英语 词汇
elephant 象 else 别的,其他的 e-mail 电子信函 embarrass 使窘迫,使为难 embassy 大使馆 emergency 紧急情况或状态 emperor 皇帝 employ 雇用 empty 空的 encourage 鼓励 encouragement 鼓励 end 结束 ending 结尾,结局 endless 无穷无尽的 enemy 敌人,敌军 energetic 精力旺盛的 energy 精力,能量 engine 发动机,引擎 engineer 工程师;技师 enjoy 喜欢;享受…的乐趣 enjoyable 令人愉快的;有乐趣的 enlarge 扩大 enough 足够的;充分的 enquiry 询问 enter 进入 enterprise 进取心,事业心 entertainment 娱乐 enthusiastic 热情的,热心的 entire 完全的;整个的 entrance 入口;入场 entry 进入 envelope 信封 environment 环境 envy 羡慕;忌妒 equal 平等的;等于 equality 平等 equip 装备,配备 equipment 装备,设备 eraser 橡皮擦;黑板擦 error 错误,过失 erupt 爆发
专升本大纲词汇表 15

What pains us train us! Keep your eyes on the stars,and your feet on the ground.

escape 逃跑;逃脱 especially 特别;尤其 essay 散文;随笔,文章 Europe 欧洲 European 欧洲人;欧洲的 evaluate 估价,评价;求…的值 even 甚至;更 evening 傍晚,晚上 event 事件;大事 eventually 终于,最后 ever 曾经;无论何时 every 每一,每个的 everybody 每人;人人 everyday 每天的,日常的 everyone 每人,人人 everything 每件事,每样东西 everywhere 到处 evidence 形迹,迹象;根据,证据 evident 明显的,显然的 evolution 进化,演化,渐进 exact 确切的;准确的 exam =examination 检查;考试 examine 检查,诊察 example 例子;榜样 excellent 极好的,优秀的 except 除…之外 exchange 交换,调换;交流 excite 使兴奋,使激动 excuse 原谅;借口 exercise 练习;运动;习题 exhibition 展览 exist 存在 existence 存在;生存 exit 出口,通道 expand 膨胀,扩张;张开 expect 期望,预期;以为 expectation 期望;预期,预料 expense 消费,支出 expensive 昂贵的 experience 经验;验历 experiment 实验
成才热线:

中安 King 专升本英语 词汇
expert 专家,能手 explain 解释;说明 explanation 解释;说明 explicit 明确的,详述的 explode 爆炸 explore 开采,开发;利用 export 探测;探索 expose 使暴露,使曝光 F face 脸;面对 facial 面部用的 fact 事实,实际 factory 工厂 fade 褪色;消退 fail 失败;不及格 failure 失败;不及格 fair 白皙的;公平的 faith 信仰;信念 fall 落下;跌倒 false 不正确的;假的 familiar 熟悉的 family 家庭;家族;子女 famous 著名的 fan 扇子;迷;支持者 fancy 想像,幻想 fantastic 奇异的,幻想的,异想天开的 fantasy 想像,幻想 far (farther, farthest 或 further, furthest)远 的 fare 车费,船费,票价 farm 农场;农庄 farmer 农夫 fast 快的(地),迅速的(地) fasten 拴住;扎牢 fat 肥胖的;脂肪 father 父亲 faul t 缺点,毛病 favour 好意;帮助;恩惠 favourite 最喜爱的,最喜欢的人或物 fax 传真 fear 害怕,恐惧;担忧
专升本大纲词汇表 16

What pains us train us! Keep your eyes on the stars,and your feet on the ground.

express 表达;表情 expression 表达;词句;表情 extension 延长,伸展;电话分机 extra 外加的;额外的 extraordinary 离奇的;使人惊奇的 extreme 末端的,尽头的;极端的 eye 眼睛 eyesight 视力;视觉 feast 节日,宴会 feather 羽毛 federal 联邦的;中央的 fee 费 feed (fed, fed) 喂,饲养 feel (felt, felt) 感觉;触摸 feeling 感情,感觉 fellow 同伴,伙伴 female 女的,雌的 fence 篱笆,栅栏 ferry 渡船 festival 节日的,喜庆的 fetch 拿来,取来,带来 fever 发烧 few 少数的,不多的 fibre 纤维(质) fiction 小说;虚构,编造 field 地,田地;牧场 fierce 猛烈的 fight (fought, fought) 打仗;争论 figure 外形,图形;形象;数字 file 文件,档案,公文柜 fill 装满,填充 film 影片,电影;胶卷 final 最后的;终极的 finance 财政,金融 find (found, found) 找到;发现;感到 fine 好的,美好的;晴朗的 finger 手指 fingermail 手指

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