考生注意： 1．考试时间 120 分钟，试卷满分 150 分。 2．答题前，务必在答题纸上填涂考号和姓名。
Ⅰ Listening Comprehension（30 分） .
（共 105 分）
/>Section A Directions：In Section A, you will hear ten short conversations between two speakers. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. The conversations and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a conversation and the question about it, read the four possible answers on your paper, and decide which one is the best answer to the question you have heard. 1. A. Mathematics. B. Chemistry. C. Physics. D. Chinese. 2. A. $20. B. $18. C. $10. D. $15. 3. A. At 2:35. B. At 3:25. C. At 3:15. D. At 2:45. 4. A. In a bank. B. At an airport. C. At a station. D. In a post office. 5. A. A cup of tea is enough. B. He doesn?t like tea. C. He wants another cup of tea. D. He doesn?t know why he likes tea. 6. A. Husband and wife. B. Father and daughter. C. Doctor and patient. D. Teacher and student. 7. A. Impolite. B. Polite. C. Silent. D. Nice. 8. A. Come back again to apply for the job. B. Think about whether she really wants to quit her job. C. Get some training before she quits her job. D. Apply for an additional part-time job. 9. A. She learned to drive at 16. B. She never takes buses. C. She can drive a bus now. D. She always takes buses. 10. A. They are studying hard for finals. B. The school year seemed to go by very quickly. C. They?ve been in school for a few weeks. D. Even though finals are over, they still have to study for a few weeks. Section B Directions: In Section B, you will hear two short passages, and you will be asked three questions on each of the passages. The passages will be read twice, but the questions will be spoken only once. When you hear a question, read the four possible answers on your paper and decide which one would be the best answer to the question you have heard. Questions 11 through 13 are based on the following passage. 11. A. Whether the reading material is interesting or not. B. What you are reading and the time you can offer. C. Your purpose in reading something. D. Whether the information concerns your daily life or not. 12. A. An enjoyable story book. B. A book on science and technology. C. Business letters from work.
D. Some material full of information. 13. A. Fairy tales. C. Product directions.
B. Letters from friends. D. An evening newspaper.
Questions 14 through 16 are based on the following passage. 14. A. The layout of the laboratory. B. A laboratory experiment. C. The workbook for the laboratory course. D. A piece of equipment. 15. A. The activities are to be done during class. B. The activities take less time. C. No equipment is needed for the activities. D. Few instructions are given for the activities. 16. A. At the beginning of the semester. B. When the students need to be motivated. C. After the first laboratory experiment. D. When the students have done good work. Section C Directions: In Section C, you will hear two longer conversations. The conversations will be read twice. After you hear each conversation, you are required to fill in the numbered blanks with the information you have heard. Write your answers on your answer sheet. Blanks 17 through 20 are based on the following conversation. A Favor The man?s need: To (17) __________ a flight early tomorrow morning Favor: A (18)__________ to the airport Time to meet : At about (19) __________ Place to meet: In front of the (20) __________ Complete the form. Write ONE WORD for each answer. Blanks 21 through 24 are based on the following conversation. What subject does Professor Jamison teach? (21) ______________ What does Professor Jamison ask the man to do? To work as (22) ____________________ Where did the woman work 3 years ago? At the (23) ___________________ What is the man waiting for? (24) _________________ Complete the form. Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer.
II. Grammar and Vocabulary（25 分）
Section A Directions: Beneath each of the following sentences there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one answer that best completes the sentence. 25．The entire country seemed to be obsessed ______ reading Mo Yan?s novels and this unexpected reading enthusiasm amazed the whole publishing world. A. in B. to C. with D. on 26. On the ocean floor _____. However, to bring them to the surface requires expensive equipment and trained people. A. do some sunken ships lie B. some sunken ships do lie C. lie some sunken ships D. some sunken ships lie 27. Such an educational program can teach students how to make positive choices when ______ with conflict.
A. facing B. having been faced C. having faced D. faced 28. China now exports about 30,000 tons of rare earth every year _____ more than 90 percent of the world?s total rare earth production. A. to account for B. accounted for C. accounting for D. having accounted for 29. The production ______ steadily, the factory needs an ever-increasing supply of raw material. A. has gone up B. is going up C. having gone up D. being gone up 30. ______ the patient infected with H7N9 bird flu of his serious illness risks destroying his hope. A. Informing B. To be informed C. Informed D. Being informed 31. The old man took the policemen back to the same place ____ he had witnessed the robbery. A. that B. where C. as D. when 32. There is no doubt that the manager will put ______ he thinks has a strong sense of duty in the leadership position. A. anyone B. whoever C. whomever D. who 33. A frustrated tourist was reported ______ a window in Beijing?s Forbidden City, sending an 18th century British-made clock crashing to the floor. A. to break B. having broken C. to have broken D. to be breaking 34．During my journey, I started thinking about how difficult it ____ to travel before cars, trains and planes made our lives so much easier. A. needn?t have been B. shouldn?t have been C. must have been D. should have been 35．Word makes people heart-broken ____ a baby in a stolen car was cruelly killed by a bad guy. A. where B. which C. when D. that 36. I ___ up early as usual this morning, so I stayed in bed until 8 o?clock a．m． A．needn?t have got B．didn?t need to get C．shouldn?t have got D．can?t have got 37. ______ the direct personality of American is widely appreciated, it sometimes surprises foreigners. A. Since B. If C. When D. While 38. A latest report by Taobao said that visitors through wireless devices _____ from 10 million in 2010 to 300 million by the end of last year. A. would grow B. has grown C. has been growing D. had grown 39. When I try to understand ______ that prevent so many Chinese from being happy, it seems that there are two reasons. A. why it does B. what is it C. what it is D. why it is 40. In a society where people _____ by diverse superiors around since they were born, people are more likely to lack self-confidence. A. were dominated B. have dominated C. have been dominated D. are dominating Section B Directions: Complete the following passage by using the words in the box. Each word can only be used once. Note that there is one word more than you need. A. convinced F. inspiration B. introduce
C. in favor of H. concerned
D. explosion I. persuasive
E. sufficiently J. stimulate
Mo Yan, 57-year-old Chinese writer, became the heated topic overnight in China after winning the 2012 Nobel Prize in Literature in Stockholm Thursday. Inside China there has been a(n) ___41___ of younger generation of writers eager to tell their stories in print or online and Mo?s international recognition will be a(n)
___42___ to them. They are highly inspired and ____43___ that it is not meaningless or ridiculous to insist on ___44____ writing in China. There?s nothing like winning a Nobel Prize in Literature to ____45___ an author?s book sales. Wa, his latest novel and just published in English, has already sold out, causing his publisher to increase the book?s print run. But what effect will Mo?s win have on Chinese literature? Chinese literature, in general, does not have a high international profile（关注）. Main criticism of Chinese fiction is that it is not ___46___ global as it is too ___47___ about China and has little to do with people, human beings. Another problem is that there seems to be a decline in the popularity of ?serious? fiction ___48___ ?fast? fiction. Fewer people have the time or the intension to engage with a serious bit of writing. Let?s hope that Mo?s win will, at the very least, ___49____ new readers worldwide to the joys and rewards of good fiction and make them aware that China is a place where great writing can be found.
III. Reading Comprehension（50 分）
Section A Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context. Everyone dreams of being successful. Does anyone think of the mere question as to what elements ___50___ success, if there is any? Is there a “success personality”—some winning combination of qualities that leads almost ____51___ to achievement? If so, exactly what is that secret success formula(方法), and can anyone develop it? At the Gallop Organization we recently focused in depth on success, inquiring into the ___52___ of 1,500 distinguished people selected at random from who’s who in America. Our research finds out a number of ___53___ that occur regularly among top achievers. Here is one of the most important, that is common sense. Common sense is the most obvious quality ____54___ by our participants. Seventy-nine percent award themselves a top score in this quality. And Sixty-one percent say that common sense was very important in ____55___ their success. To most, common sense means the ability to present sound, practical ___56__ on everyday affairs. To do this, one has to sweep aside ____57___ ideas and get right to the key of what matters. A Texas oil and gas businessman puts it this way: “The key ability for success is ____58___. In conduction of meeting and dealing with industry, ____59___ a complex problem to the simplest term is highly important.” Is common sense a quality a person is born with, or can you do something to increase it? The oil man?s answer is that common sense can definitely be ___60___. He owes his success to learning how to debate in school. Another way to ____61___ your store of common sense is to observe it in others, learning from their—and your own—mistakes. Besides common sense, there are many other factors that ____62___ success: in order for you to achieve anything in your career, you have to first believe. You need to believe in yourself that you can achieve it, that is, you need to have ____63___ in your goals and your path to that success. However, nothing moves until you do something. Belief alone is not going to achieve anything for you. It must be followed up with concrete ____64___. Your plan for career success is nothing unless you act upon it whole-heartedly. 50. A. define 51. A. especially 52. A. opinions 53. A. challenges 54. A. possessed 55. A. thinking about 56. A. performances 57. A. original 58. A. advancing B. determine B. properly B. theories B. attractions B. recommended B. approving of B. judgments B. common B. persevering C. estimate C. inevitably C. capabilities C. qualifications C. proposed C. making out C. characters C. extra C. simplifying
D. prove D. alternatively D. requirements D. qualities D. achieved D. contributing to D. principles D. moderate D. revising
59. A. reducing 60. A. protected 61. A. add to 62. A. create 63. A. preparation 64. A. thought
B. comparing B. maintained B. get over B. influence B. attempt B. progress
C. applying C. observed C. keep up C. judge C. faith C. plan
D. referring D. developed D. go through D. attract D. support D. action
Section B Directions: Read the following three passages. Each passage is followed by several questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that fits best according to the information given in the passage you have just read. (A) Acting is such an over-crowded profession that the only advice that should be given to a young person thinking of going on the stage is “Don't!” But it is useless to try to discourage someone who feels that he must act, although the chances of his becoming famous are slim. The normal way to begin is to go to a drama school. Usually only students who show promise and talent are accepted, and the course lasts two years. Then the young actor or actress takes up work with a theatrical company, usually as an assistant stage manager. This means doing everything that there is to do in the theatre: painting scenery, looking after the furniture, publicity, taking care of the costumes, and even acting in very small parts. It is very hard work indeed. The hours are long and the salary is tiny. But young actors with the stage in their blood are happy, waiting for the chances of working with a better company, or perhaps in films or television. Of course, some people have remarkable chances which lead to fame and success without this long and dull training. Connie Pratt, for example, was just an ordinary girl working in a bicycle factory. A film producer happened to catch sight of her one morning waiting at a bus stop, as he drove past in his big car. He told the driver to stop, and he got out to speak to the girl. He asked if she would like to go to the film studio to do a test, and at first she thought he was joking. Then she got angry and said she would call the police. It took the producer twenty minutes to convince Connie that he was serious. Then an appointment was made for her to go to the studio the next day. The test was successful. They gave her some necessary lessons and within a few weeks she was playing the leading part opposite one of the most famous actors of the day. Of course, she was given a more dramatic name, which is now world-famous. But chances like this happen once in a blue moon! 65. According to the passage, the main reason why young people should be discouraged from becoming actors is _______. A. actors are very unusual people B. the course at the drama school lasts two years C. acting is really a hard job D. there are already too many actors 66. According to the context, the sentence “But young actors with the stage in their blood are happy” at the end of the first paragraph means ______. A. they don?t care if their job is hard B. they like the stage naturally C. they are born happy D. they are easily satisfied 67. Connie Pratt soon became a famous actress after _____. A. learning some lessons about the art of speaking B. playing her part in the “Blue Colored Moon”
C. successfully matching the most famous actors D. acting a leading part with a most famous actor at that time 68. The phrase “once in a blue moon” in last line means _______. A. all at once B. once for a long time C. once in a while D. once and for all （B） Gallery Policies for Visitors to National Gallery of Art, Washington Visitors must present all carried items for inspection upon entry. After inspection, all bags, backpacks, umbrellas, parcels, and other things as determined by security officers must be left at the checkrooms, free of charge, close to each entrance. All oversized bags, backpacks, and luggage must be left at the checkrooms near the 4th Street entrance of either the East or West Building. These items will have to be x-rayed before being accepted. Items of value, such as laptop computers, cameras, and fur coats, may not be left in the checkrooms but may be carried into the galleries. We regret that we do not have enough space for visitor items larger than 17× 26 inches into the Gallery or its checkrooms. Additional security procedures and checks may be taken according to the decision of the Gallery. For the safety of the artworks and other visitors, nothing may be carried on a visitor's back. Soft front baby carriers are allowed, but children may not be carried on shoulders or in a child carrier worn on the back. Pushchairs are available free of charge near each checkroom. Smoking is prohibited. Food and drink are not permitted outside the food service areas. Unopened bottled water may be carried only in a visitor's bag. Cell phones may not be used in the galleries. Animals, other than service animals, are not permitted in the Gallery. Skateboarding is prohibited. Picture-taking (including video) for personal use is permitted except in special exhibitions and where specifically prohibited. Tripods(三脚架) are not allowed. Please do not touch the works of art.
69. When people come to visit the Gallery, they should ______. A. leave all their carried items at the checkrooms B. have all their carried items x-rayed at the entrance C. take all their carried items with them without inspection D. have all their carried items inspected at the entrance 70. What does the Gallery feel sorry for? A. Visitors have to keep their valuable items in the checkrooms. B. The size of visitor items allowed into the Gallery is limited. C. It cannot keep oversized visitor items due to limited space. D. Visitor items over 17× inches must go through additional checks. 26 71. Visiting photographers should make sure that ______. A. pictures and videos are allowed for personal use anywhere in the Gallery B. pictures and videos can be taken in some places for personal use C. picture-taking and videoing are totally forbidden in the Gallery D. tripods are allowed except in some special exhibitions
(C) Aviaphobia or fear of flying is believed to rank as the second most common fear, next to the fear of speaking in public. According to a recent statistical study in the United States, 44% of the Americans interviewed admitted some fear of flying. What is ironic is that this kind of uncontrolled fear is not only limited to those who have not yet had the experience of flying, but also known to bother people working in airlines, including stewards and stewardesses, and even business people for whom frequent air travel is a necessity. What causes aviaphobia has caused brilliant minds in the medical and psychological fields. Psychologists explain that fear of flying envelops other fears--- fear of heights, fear of closed-in places, and most importantly, the fear of dying. On top of that, there is the “vicarious factor”, which means one may have had a painful experience associated with flying that has caused the overpowering fear of air travel. What happened to John Smith, an executive with a computer company, is a case in point. In 1979, while he was on the runway at a Chicago airport, another plane blew up, killing 275 people. He witnessed the disaster with his own eyes, and since then, he has occasional nightmares about the tragedy despite more than three decades. That experience has badly influenced him so that even up to now, whenever he boards a plane, he is caught in an uncontrolled feeling of pain. Actually, about a third of aviaphobes are less afraid of dying in a crash than of losing control of themselves. They are afraid that it may be seen as a sign of weakness, and therefore may threaten their jobs and inter-personal relationships, or even cause their loss of respectability. This explains why overachievers and perfectionists feel it a need to be in control always. Once they are on board, such kind of people will be too much alert. They sometimes spend their entire trip observing the flight attendants or the details of the small world surrounding them. Thus, they become sleepless and tense during their long flights, sometimes lasting for 10 hours or even longer. Consequently, they become physically exhausted and mentally drained before their flight is over. 72. What can be inferred from the first paragraph? A. 44% of Americans are afraid of flying. B. fear of flying happens only among people without flying experience. C. some of the people who need to fly often in their jobs are afraid of flying. D. stewards and stewardesses don?t fear as soon as they board the plane. 73. Which of the following is true according to the passage? A. The fear of speaking in public is the second most common fear next to aviaphobia. B. Over 30% of people afraid of flying are more concerned about losing control of themselves. C. The example of John Smith shows that the painful experience related to flying will recover D. Aviaphobes easily become physically and mentally drained because the flight is long and exhausting. 74. The reason why aviaphobes feel it a need to conceal their fear of flying is that ____________. A. they can?t afford to lose their jobs. B. they are afraid that it will affect their relationship with friends. C. it is a big and dark secret. D. it may be viewed as a sign of timidity that may put their social position at risk. 75. Which of the following might be the best title for the passage? A. The causes of aviaphobia B. Psychologists? attitudes toward aviaphobia C. Some facts about aviaphobia D. The definition of aviaphobia Section C
Directions: Read the following text and choose the most suitable heading from A-F for each paragraph. There is one extra heading which you do not need. A. Classroom participation B. Differences in American university education C. Examination system D. Competition among students E. Honest policy in students' school work F. Students' responsibility for learning 76. _________ There is considerable variety in university classrooms in the United States. Because of diverse teaching methods and non-standardized curricula, no two courses are the same. Undergraduate courses are considerable different from graduate courses. The classroom atmosphere in expensive, private universities may differ from that in community colleges, which are free and open to everyone. 77. _________ Participation in the classroom is not only accepted but also expected of the student in many courses. Some professors base part of the final grade on the student's oral participation. Although there are formal lectures during which the student has a passive role (i.e., listening and taking notes), many courses are organized around classroom discussions, student questions, and informal lectures. 78. _________ Many teachers believe that the responsibility for learning lies with the student. If a long reading assignment is given, instructors expect students to be familiar with the information in the reading even if they do not discuss it in class or give an examination. (Courses are not designed merely for students to pass exams.) The ideal student is considered to be one who is motivated to learn for the sake of learning, not the one interested only in getting high grades. 79. _________ Ideally, the teacher-student relationship at universities is characterized by trust. The honor system, put forward by the teacher and the university demands that the student be honest in all areas of school work. Thus, cheating on tests, plagiarizing (抄袭) in written work, presenting other's ideas as original, and turning in homework completed by someone else are all prohibited . 80. _________ Relationships between students in the classroom can be cooperative or competitive. International students should not hesitate to ask for help if it is needed. There are courses, however, where grades are calculated in relation to other student?s scores. Therefore, in classes where such a grading curve is used, students may be reluctant to share lecture notes or information for fear that their own grades will suffer. Section D Directions: Read the passage carefully. Then answer the questions or complete the statements in the fewest possible words. Many of the problems facing today?s world aren?t news to us. The environment is in need of help because it?s being damaged, hunger is widespread throughout the world, and workers in third world countries are continuously being exploited. Therefore, individuals across the globe need to band together for a cause and use their collective efforts to make all the difference in the world. For instance, one person recycling a can or a bottle doesn?t seem like much. But if every household in a given city were to recycle and conserve energy, that city could make a huge positive impact on environmental damage.
Similarly, there are countless ways to help fight world hunger — whether it’s to donate money to a dedicated worldwide charity, donate canned goods to your local charity, or even make lifestyle changes like going vegetarian. World hunger is a massive problem — but it doesn?t mean individuals themselves can’t make a difference. Worker exploitation is another huge problem. All across the world — particularly in third world countries — workers are forced to labor long hours, with close to no pay. Yet these workers continue to show up to such a way of life, because they have no other options. So, how can people like us help fight such a big problem? Simply raising awareness of the products you buy in stores — from clothing to food — is a massive start. For example, if you see two similar products side by side in a food shop, but one of them is labeled “fair trade”， you?ll know immediately that the workers who labored to produce that product were given a fair price for their goods. And true, fair trade products might cost a little bit more, but buying them is a significant start to help fight worker exploitation. In short, each of us should be socially conscious to make a difference to widespread social problems. (Note: Answer the questions or complete the statements in NO MORE THAN 15 words.) 81. According to the passage, what are the problems facing today?s world？ _________________________________________________________. 82. To overcome the problems facing today?s world, people should ________________ _________________________________________________________. 83. We can fight world hunger by ___________________________________________. 84. If you ______________________________________, you are helping fight worker exploitation.
第 II 卷
（共 45 分）
Directions: Translate the following sentences into English, using the words given in the brackets. 1. 尽管困难重重，他最终梦想成真了。 （despite） 2. 我们别无选择只能不停地在动物身上做实验。 （alternative） 3. 直到梵高(Vincent Van Gogh) 辞世后人们才开始欣赏他的杰作。 （It） 4. 中国著名导演李安因其杰出的奥斯卡获奖影片《少年派》(Life of Pie)而蜚声国际。( reputation ) 5. 我们都充分意识到必须立刻采取行动防止地震受灾地区的水不受污染。 （aware）
II．Guided Writing（25 分）
Directions: Write an English composition in 120 - 150 words according to the instructions given below in Chinese. 随着科技的发展， 人们的阅读习惯发生了较大变化。 越来越多的人选择在电脑, 手机或平板电脑上看电 子书而非传统的纸制书。 请就这一现象谈谈你自己的看法或你的选择并陈述理由。 提示： 电子书： electronic books/ e-books 纸制书： books in printed form/ print-on-paper books
2012 学年第二学期高二三校联考英语试题(答案) 第I卷
I. Listening 1-10 A B D D C 11-16 C A C C D 17. catch 18. ride C A A B D B 20. dorm
22. her assistant
23. school post office
24. An interview
II. Grammar 25-40: C C D C C A B B C C D B D D C C III. Vocabulary D F A G J E H C B IV. Cloze 50-64： BCADA DBCCA DABCD V. Reading 65-68 D B D B 69-71 D B B 72-75 C B D C 76-80 B A F E D 81. environmental damage, world hunger and worker exploitation 或者： the environment is being damaged; hunger is widespread and workers are being exploited. 82. band together and use collective efforts 83. donating money or canned goods and making lifestyle changes 84. buy “fair trade” product 第 II 卷 I. Translation: 1. Despite the difficulties, he finally realized his dream./ his dream finally came true. 2. We had no alternative but to keep conducting experiments on animals. 3. It was not until Vincent Van Gogh passed away/ died that people began to admire his masterpieces. 4. Chinese famous/well-known director Ang Lee /Li an enjoys a high international reputation/enjoys a high reputation internationally/ worldwide for his excellent/outstanding Oscar-winning film Life of Pie. 5. We are fully aware that immediate action must be taken/ action must be taken immediately to prevent water in the earthquake-stricken/earthquake-hit areas from being polluted. II. Guided writing 略