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广灵一中2013—2014学年第二学期期末考试参考答案高 二 英 语


高二下学期期末考试英语试题
(考试时间120分钟,满分150分) 一.阅读理解(共两节,满分60分,每小题3分) 第一节(共15小题,满分45分) A Mistakes are a part of life. To err is human. Failure is also a part of life, not the end of life. Be happy fa

cing life’s challenges. When you make the effort to be happy and to improve your life, you are actually rewarded along the way. Life is like a game and maybe you can award(奖励) points for every effort that has been a success for you. Try it. Add ten points for every achievement. And when you have reached 50 points, just yell, “ Hey, I’ve won!” and give yourself a reward. If you happen to have missed your points for whatever reason, tell yourself, “Well, I tried!” which is better than not trying at all. Don’t let it be said you didn’ t try. What is it that you want to make yourself happy? Actually happiness means different things to different people. For example, an athlete will be happy winning his first race. For a new mother happiness would be seeing her baby’s first steps. Happiness for a poor person would mean having a meal just for today. So happiness for you is really something simple that you want for yourself. It really doesn’ t have to be big. As a matter of fact you should always have realistic expectations. Make the best out of every given situation. If you expect a certain result from a situation and it does not happen, don’t get despondent. This just means trying harder next time. We all have in us the power to succeed. Don’ t let “ give up ” be a part of your vocabulary. 1.By saying “To err is human”, the author means that________. A. human beings should try to avoid(避免) making mistakes B. no one is perfect(完美的) and everyone makes mistakes C. mistakes and failures make up our life D. human beings make mistakes easily 2. What’s the main idea of Paragraph 2? A. Try to reach 50 points. B. Never stop trying in your life.
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C. Award yourself for your success D. Don’t be afraid of missing your points. 3. The author proves his idea in Paragraph 3 through_________. A. examples B. numbers C. experiments D. stories

4. The underlined word “ despondent ” in the last paragraph means________. A. frightened B. disappointed B I am a writer. I spend a great deal of my time thinking about the power of language —the way it can evoke (唤起) an emotion, a visual image, a complex idea, or a simple truth.Language is the tool of my trade. And I use them all—all the Englishes I grew up with. Born into a Chinese family that had recently arrived in California, I’ve been giving more thought to the kind of English my mother speaks. Like others, I have described it to people as “broken” English. But I feel embarrassed to say that. It has always bothered me that I can think of no way to describe it other than“broken”, as if it were damaged and needed to be fixed, as if it lacked a certain wholeness. I’ve heard other terms used, “limited English,” for example. But they seem just as bad, as if everything is limited, including people’s perceptions(认识)of the limited English speaker. I know this for a fact, because when I was growing up, my mother’s “limited” English limited my perception of her. I was ashamed of her English. I believed that her English reflected the quality of what she had to say. That is, because she expressed them imperfectly her thoughts were imperfect. And I had plenty of evidence to support me: the fact that people in department stores, at banks, and at restaurants did not take her seriously, did not give her good service, pretended not to understand her, or even acted as if they did not hear her. I started writing fiction in 1985. And for reasons I won’t get into today, I began to write stories using all the Englishes I grew up with: the English she used with me, which for lack of a better term might be described as “broken” ; and what I imagine to be her translation of her Chinese, her internal (内在的) language, and for that I sought to preserve the essence, but neither an English nor a Chinese structure. I wanted to catch what language ability tests can never show: her intention, her feelings, the rhythms of her speech and the nature of her thoughts.
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C. surprised

D. excited

5. The author used to think of her mother’s English as A. impolite B. amusing C. imperfect D. practical

.

6. Which of the following is TRUE according to Paragraph 3? A. Americans do not understand broken English. B. The author’s mother was not respected sometimes. C. The author’s mother had positive influence on her. D. Broken English always reflects imperfect thoughts. 7. The author gradually realizes her mother’s English is A. well structured C. easy to translate B. in the old style D. rich in meaning .

8. What is the passage mainly about? A. The change of the author’s attitude to her mother’s English. B. The limitation of the author’s perception of her mother. C. The author’s misunderstanding of “limited” English. D. The author’s experiences of using broken English. C The Amazing Kids! PenPals Program is aliteracy-based( 基 于 读 写 能 力 的 ), traditional letter-writing pen pal program, available to all children aged 5-17 worldwide. At $10 per child, our program is a low-cost and fun way to help your children practice their literacy skills while they are making new friends. Groups of 15 or more receive a 50% discount.

●It helps them develop new (and possibly life-long)friendships. ● It allows them to practice the traditional form of letter writing and correspondence. ●They love getting letters in the mail from their pen pals! Parents love our program because: ●It offers one of the few remaining choices for finding an established, safe and trusted traditional pen pal program to their children.

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●It helps strengthen communication and literacy skills taught in their children’ s classroom. ●It helps open their children’s eyes to a larger world, and other cultures and traditions outside their own. ●Many parents remember having a pen pal when they were children and want to give their children the same positive, fun learning experience. ●Parents love helping their children find new friends of their own age and gender. Frequently asked questions Why is there a fee? We are a small, all-volunteer non-profit organization, and the fees help cover our cost of running the program. How did the Amazing Kids! PenPals Program begin? The program began as a way of reaching out to the children affected by the

devastating( 毁 灭 性 的 ) hurricanes of 2005. Our hope was that by matching young
hurricane survivors with a new pen pal, we could help them in their recovery from the trauma (创伤) they experienced. The program is now available to all children worldwide. We continue to welcome teachers, youth groups or agencies who like to work with hurricane survivors. How does it work? Amazing Kids! will match students of the same gender and age with other students who may share similar interests and hobbies, based on the information provided on the registration form. I’ve completed all forms and made my payment. What happens next? Someone from Amazing Kids! will contact you once a match has been found. You will be asked to call the other parent, teacher or group leader of the pen pal Amazing Kids! has selected. If both adults agree that the pen pal match is a good one, then the students may begin writing to each other. If the match is determined not to be a good one, Amazing Kids! will try and find an alternative match. 9.If a group of twenty children want to join the program, they should pay _____altogether. A. $50 B.$100 C.$150 D.$200

10.Parents may agree the program helps children_________.
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A. travel around the world C. Meet many famous people

B. communicate well with others D. get good marks in exams

11. In the beginning the Amazing Kids! PenPals Program was set up for the kids who ______. A. suffered from the hurricanes C. were good at writing letters D Cities need to put efforts to deal with pollution and clear the air. Chinese cities will need to put efforts to clear up the sky when a new department to improve regional air quality is set up by 2015, according to the latest plan released by the State Council. Besides the existing pollution control program for SO2, regional emission caps (区域排放上限) for other certain chemicals will be established in the three key air polluting areas— the Yangtze River Delta, Pearl River Delta and the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region. Coal-consumption caps will also be tried out in some areas, according to the plan. “The plan is aimed at dealing with regional air pollution—such as acid rain and smog—which have become increasingly obvious in China in recent years and caused a severe threat to people’s health,” Zhang Lijun, vice-minister of environmental protection, said in an interview on Monday. “The air quality in a city affects the regions nearby because pollutants (污染 物) Can travel through the atmosphere,” said Chai Fahe, vice-director of Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences. “So efforts to reduce air pollution in a single city, targeting a certain pollutant will not be enough,” Chai said. Zhang said, “The country’s major industrial districts—the Yangtze River Delta, Pearl River Delta and the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region—have recorded more than 100 misty days annually in recent years.” These three regions, home to at least 200 million people, occupy only 6. 3 percent of the country’s area but consume 40 percent of the country’s coal and produce half of its steel, according to official figures. B. were willing to make pen pals D. wanted to help hurricane survivors

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Studies also show that the visibility (能见度) in eastern regions of China has dropped by 7 to 15 km compared to that in the early 1960s, as a result of air pollution. Liaoning province, the Shandong Peninsula, Wuhan in Hubei province and its surrounding area, the Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan region in Hunan province, the Chengdu-Chongqing region, and the western coast of the Taiwan Straits are also listed as areas to carry out such regional air pollution control programs, according to the plan. The new plan also requires an improved air quality system, which will measure the pollution levels. “The current system, which only measures some major pollutants, cannot reflect the true picture.” said Chai. 12. It will not be enough to reduce air pollution in a single city because A. air pollution has been becoming more and more serious in recent years B. air pollution like acid rain and smog is threatening people’s health C. air pollutants in a city can travel in the sky and affect nearby areas D. air pollutants stay in fixed places over the cities 13. Suppose the visibility in eastern regions of China was 130 km in the early 1960s, the visibility there nowadays is A. 123 to 115 km C. 123 to 145 km . .

B. 137 to 145 km D. 115 to 137 km .

14.. The main purpose of the passage is

A. to inform readers of the damage caused by air pollution B. to introduce the new plan to control air pollution C. to provide official figures of air pollution levels D. to point out the regions affected by air pollution 15. What does the underlined phrase“the true picture”in the last paragraph mean? A. The major pollutants. B. The key polluted areas. C. The major polluted cities. D. The pollution levels. 第二节 七选五(共5个小题,满分15分)

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Being organized is an important skill for school and life.When you’re well organized, you can stay focused, instead of spending time hunting things down . 16 For

schoolwork, it means having one notebook or place where you store all your assignments, so you know what you have to do and when.Keeping labeled folders(贴有标签的文件 夹) for handouts(课堂讲义)and keeping all your schoolwork neat and in a specific place—these are the main parts of organization. For home stuff, being organized means having a place to put your things and putting them back as you go. 17 It means keeping your schoolbag, your shoes, and your

clean underwear in the same places so you always know where to find them. Planning is part of being organized, too. 18 Calendars, lists, and schedules

can help you plan.You can buy or draw a calendar and keep it near your workplace.Making a schedule or “to-do” list for yourself is a good idea.Looking at your list helps you keep track of what you need to do.19 Check off things when you’ve done them.Use

your list to help you decide which thing is most important to work on first. 20 But once you’re organized, it feels great.The less time you spend hunting around for things or panicking about homework, the more time you have for better things, like reading a good book or playing. A.Planning means deciding what you will do and when you will do it. B.First, you should get your schoolwork organized. C.Add new things as you get assignments. D.You will benefit a lot from a good habit. E.What does it mean to be organized? F.It takes some extra efforts to organize yourself and your stuff. G.It means hanging your coat up instead of dropping it on the floor or throwing it on a chair. 二、完形填空(共20小题,满分40分) Seven loyal(忠实的)readers came to the Teens Office two weeks ago. They had a wonderful day learning how to make a newspaper. But what 21 made them excited was that they had their say. “What most _22_ me was when I was saying something, I found all eyes were on me,” said Tang Shining, one of the students. Her friend, Li Chunbei

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_23_, and felt very glad that when she was talking, the editors(编辑) nodded and _24_ took notes. Students are happy to see the editors listen to their _25_. You may often _26_about being neglected(忽视) by teachers and parents. _27__ before complaining, please make sure that you have already spoken about your _28_. Traditionally in China, teachers at school and parents were_29_ the ones to tell teenagers what they should and shouldn’t do. The young are _30_ to doing what they are told, rather than thinking by themselves. But then their ideas would be locked in their brain and not be _31_. A girl wrote to Teens about her family story. She _32__ to be very sad because her father seldom talked and played with her. After years of consideration, she 33_ decided to write her father a letter, telling him about her sadness. To her _34_, the father 35_, saying that he didn’t realize his mistake. From then on, he really _36_. Sometimes, we need to let our _37__ be heard, so others can understand our thoughts and feelings.Don’t be afraid of being _38_ for what you have done. You know it is your _39_ to speak your mind. Even if your suggestions are denied, at least you have tried your best. You will not be left with any _40_. 21. A. directly 22. A. disappointed 23. A. refused 24. A. even 25. A. speeches 26. A. talk 27. A. And 28. A. pleasure 29. A. seldom 30. A. used 31. A. remembered 32. A. used 33. A. sadly 34. A. sorrow(悲伤) B. really B. frightened B. disagreed B. yet B. opinions B. complain B. So B. love B. never B. reduced B. used B. pretended B. suddenly B. disappointment C. completely C. impressed C. disliked C. already C. songs C. write C. But C. hatred C. always C. devoted C. touched C. seemed C. angrily C. surprise D. immediately D. horrified (恐惧) D. agreed D. still D. articles D. speak D. Instead (憎恨) D. worry D. sometimes D. told D. heard D. had D. finally D. satisfaction

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35. A. apologized 36. A. exchanged 37. A. voices 38. A. praised 39. A. duty 40. A. regret

B. smiled B. changed B. decisions B. blamed B. task B. sadness

C. laughed C. left C. suggestions C. beaten C. right C. trouble

D. sighed D. played D. secrets D. fined D. pleasure D. difficulty

三、根据句意和提示写单词:(共10个小题,满分15分) 41. Read the poem more slowly with a slight __________(停顿) at the end of each line. 42. Many of the graduates decided on jobs straight away, but Cliff decided to spend a year doing __________(志愿的) work. 43. Patients have benefitted greatly from this treatment, that is, this treatment is __________ to patients. (benefit) 44. The __________(改革) and open policy has brought us Chinese people a rich and prosperous life. 45. What __________(percent) of babies die of this disease every year? 46.If you __________(hesitation) too long, you will miss the opportunity. 47. It is generally __________(assume) that stress is caused by too much work. 48. She was forced to __________(退休) early from teaching because of ill health. 49. The purpose of education is not just __________(积累) knowledge. 50. We are waiting to hear the final o__________(结果) of the negotiations. 四、短文改错(共10小题,满分10分) 文中共有10处语言错误,其中一处需要加一词,一处需要删一词,其他八处需要修改, 每句最多两处错误。 Dear Mary, I receive your E-mail just now. Don’t worry about me. I’m getting on well with my research work in the lab. But to my greatly surprise you say you will give up learn English. The reason is because you have not done well in it recently and you have lost interests. I’m afraid I couldn’t agree with you . I know it is difficulty to learn English, and English is widely used in the world today. It will be important tool in our future work. Beside, it is becoming more and more important in our daily

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life. If you study hard, you will be succeed. Do remember that where there is a will,there is a way. I’m looking forward to hearing good news from you. Yours, Li Hua

五、书面表达:(满分25分) 环境恶化直接或间接地影响到我们每个人的生活质量,某英文报社将举行一次英文作文竞 赛,呼吁人们保护环境,提出有效的保护措施。请以下面的内容为参考,写一篇文章投稿。 1. 不要乱扔垃圾,应该保持环境清洁; 3. 植树造林,保护环境; 4. 保护海洋,禁止过度捕鱼; 5. 充分利用自然资源。 注意:1. 词数:100左右。开头已为你写好,不计入总词数; 2. 内容可适当发挥,注意行文连贯。 Nowadays, pollution is getting worse and worse.

__________________________________

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广灵一中2013—2014学年第二学期期末考试参考答案高 二 英 语

三 : 根 据 句 意 和 提 示 写 单 词 : 41.pause

42.voluntry 43.beneficial 44.reform

45.percentage 46.hesitate 47. assumed 48. retire 49. accumulating 50.outcome 四:短文改错:

五:书面表达: 作文范文: Nowadays, pollution is getting worse and worse. The damage to the environment is getting serious. In my opinion, we should take some measures to protect the environment. To protect the environment, I think we should do the follow things. Some useful garbage can be recycled, while the harmful things should be put in a safe place. Smoke and wastewater should be cleaned before they go into the air. If too many trees are cut down, forests will disappear. We should do our best to take good care of environment. For example, we should plant trees and stop using wooden chopsticks and stop throwing garbage everywhere. With modern fishing methods, more and more fish are caught. If too many fish are taken from the sea, there will soon be none left. If the rivers are polluted, we will die from the poison. We should make full use of natural resources, or we will be in great damage very soon.

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