安徽省六校教育研究会 2016 届高三年级第一次联考 英语试题
考试时间：120 分钟） 第Ⅰ卷 第一部分 听力（共两节，满分 30 分） 第二部分阅读理解（共两节，满分 40 分） 第一节 （共 15 小题;每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A 、B 、C 和 D ）中，选出最佳选项，并在题卡 上将该项涂黑。 A The messa
ge what the "Eat up All on Your Plate" campaign tries to convey is not new. Our ancestorshad poems about the importance of frugality (节俭) in the consumption of food. But it makes a lot of sensewhen many are yet to have the awareness that food waste borders on a crime. The campaign has been started online and thousands of people have answered the call. Manyrestaurants have joined the program by announcing that customers are encouraged to order half a dish andtake home what they can't finish. However, it is estimated (估计) that 50 million tons of grain are wasted every year in China, enough tofeed 200 million people for a year. True, official banquets (宴席) paid with public money contribute much to such waste. But it isimportant that everyone thinks about how they can do their bit to reduce food waste. We need to developthe habit of never ordering or cooking more than we can eat and feeling guilty when we dump ourleftovers. Many people have a bad habit of entertaining guests with more than enough food, believing that theyhave not satisfied their guests' appetites if there is no food left on the table. In fact, to be a good host theyorder more than their guests can possibly eat and their guests eat more than they want out of politeness. Such a mentality needs to change. People need to be made aware that it is impolite to force guests toeat more than they are comfortable with and it is insensible and uncivilized to waste food. Even if one iswealthy, ordering more than one can eat is a bad way to show off one's wealth. 21. The writer thinks the campaign "Eat up All on Your Plate" makes sense because______. A. some people have some bad eating habits B. some officials are wasting a lot of food C. wasting food is still rather common in China D. saving food is a traditional virtue of China 22. The writer shows how serious the problem of food waste is by_____. A. Using examples B. Offering figures C. Comparing D. Analyzing people’s attitude 23. The problem of food waste can be handled only when_______. A. officials are forbidden to eat out with public money （卷面分值：150 分
B. more similar campaigns like this one have been started C. restaurants don’t serve all the food people have ordered D. everyone takes action to fight against food waste B Why read, and sometimes even write poetry? That question is not difficult to answer if we change theword poetry to songs. I sing when I feel good. When I sing my favorite songs, I feel even better. Sometimes when I amlistening to music and to the song words, I feel that it was written for me. A good song always makes mefeel something. There are songs that I sing in my head between classes and songs that I want to sing whenthe school bell rings by the end of the day. They help me get through the day. They are like bright and warm colors in the middle of grays and shades. I like songs about love andfriendship. The extraordinary thing is that my feelings are more special when I sing my favorite songs inEnglish. I also like reading. I used to avoid poetry until an e-friend told me I should recite poems and not lookup the meaning of the words. Poetry uses many difficult words and idioms, but the best thing is to justforget about them. In the beginning I felt quite strange. Now I always lock the door. Reading aloud givesyou a strange feeling, but when you have some practice and fall into the rhythm, and the sounds of thewords, it is really a special experience. I started with small poems, but now I think I most like long poems. I have different feelings withdifferent poems. When I have had a bad day at school, I read Keats and forget everything. When I am sad Iread Wordsworth by the light of a candle. When the poem is finished, I close the book and my sadness isgone. 24. According to the writer, _______. A. people like poems the same way they enjoy songs B. poetry is the same form of art as songs C. people always feel the same while reading poems D. the meaning of words is the key to appreciating poetry 25. Which of the following statements is closest in meaning to the underlined sentence? A. Songs are like different colors in different times. B. Songs can help people better understand colors. C. Songs can describe a mixture of different colors. D. Songs can bring people warmth and comfort. 26. What we can infer from the passage is that______. A. the writer likes singing songs aloud at any time B. songs and poems can help get over bad emotions C. the writer’s native language is English D. the writer like songs better than poems 27. What can we know about the poems of Keats and Wordsworth through the passage? A. Keats’ poems are full of bad feelings. B. Wordsworth’s poems contain much sad description.
C. Both of their poetry can create positive feelings. D. The themes of their poems are not different at all. C School children are using mobile phone applications to do their homework, which seem to beincreasing during summer vacations. But instead of blaming students for their behavior, we should say noto too much homework. This is important because by using mobile phone applications to do theirhomework, students don't add much to their knowledge, says an article in Guangzhou-based YangchengEvening News. Excerpts (摘录): Using mobile phone applications to do homework is no different from copying from someone else'swork. This is the opinion of a vast majority of teachers. Students who seek cell phone apps help to do theirhomework will pay dearly during major exams when they cannot seek the help of such applications, theteachers say. The heavy load of homework Chinese students are burdened with, said to be the heaviest in the world,has led to the popularity of these applications. Senior high school students in China rarely go to bed before 11 pm. A report in Shanghai published in2013 showed that students in the city on average spend 28.2 hours in class every week, the 9th highestamong 65 countries and regions surveyed. Also, they spend an average of 13.8 hours a week doinghomework, most in the world. There is no association between the amount of homework one does and the amount of knowledge onegathers. In fact, a research by Australian experts shows that the result is exactly the opposite: the morehours students spend doing homework, the less effective they will be in gaining knowledge. The United States is one of the countries where students do little homework, but that has not damagedthe country's academic status in the world. So, it's time Chinese schools understood this fact and freed students of the unnecessary burden ofhomework. 28. What’s the writer’s attitude toward the students’ using mobile phone applications to do theirhomework? A. Supporting B. Understanding C. Scolding D. Praising 29. The cause of the students’ using mobile phone applications to do their homework is______. A. the heavy burden of homework B. the advance of modern technology C. the pressure of the students’ parents D. the influence of other countries 30. What does the underlined phrase “pay dearly” mean? A. be rewarded B. be dismissed C. provide much money 31. Which of the following is probably the best title? A. Free kids of the burden of homework. B. Stop using mobile phones to do homework. C. Spend less time to gain much knowledge. D. Improve China’s academic status in the world.
D. suffer a lot
D Anyone can try to lead a group, but not every individual is cut out for leadership. The better leaderspossess a few qualities that can mean the difference between the success and failure of the group. These arethe qualities the leader of higher rank will look for when choosing a leader for a group, or when evaluatingthe performance of a leader. They're also the qualities team members want in a group leader, and appreciatewhen they find them. Take Responsibility Group leaders might share tasks around a group as necessary, but eventually a group leader needs tobe able to accept that responsibility lies on her shoulders. That means that if things go wrong in a groupproject, she's the one who must accept the consequences and work out what mistakes were made. Thegroup leader won't always have the power to control everything group members do, but she should be readyto admit any mistakes the group has made as a result of her leadership. Concern for Members The group leader has a commitment to the task or project at hand, but perhaps more importantly, hehas a real concern for each and every person who is part of his group. This means getting to know thestrengths, weaknesses and goals of team members, as well as making time to build the group throughcollective activities. The group leader should make sure that everyone is included, even if an individual isnew to a group. Good Listener The group leader needs to be able to listen to the suggestions, complaints (抱怨) and ideas of groupmembers. Not only will this allow complaints to be addressed and potentially suitable ideas to be put intopractice, but a leader who listens will also encourage group members to share their concerns and thoughts,creating an atmosphere of free speech and productivity. 32. The passage is mainly about____________. A. choosing a good leader for a group. B. assessing the performance of a leader. C. qualities of a good group leader. D. team members’ appreciation of a leader. 33. A good leader should always be able to_______. A. tell when things go wrong in a group project. B. control everything group members do. C. make group members admit their mistakes. D. recognize any mistakes as his own. 34. According to “Concerns for members”, which of the following is a good quality of a leader? A. fair B. reliable C. determined D. generous 35. Which of the following is not the benefit of being a good listener? A. Offer a chance for group members to express themselves freely B. Allow the leader to put all his ideas into practice easily. C. Make it possible to deal with group members’ complaints. D. Make group members productive by sharing their thoughts.
第二节（共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 根据短文内容， 从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。 选项中有两项为多余选项。 Noticing the signals that people send out with their body language is a very useful social skill. 3 6Fortunately, with a little extra attentiveness, you can learn to read body language, and with enough practiceit'll become second nature. 3 7 The closer they are, the warmer they are thinking of you. The farther away that someone is,the less they actually care about the situation or person. If you move slightly closer to them, do they moveslightly further away? That means they don't want your interaction to be any more personal than it alreadyis. 3 8 And if they respond by getting even closer to you, they probably really like you or are verycomfortable around/by you. It is worth noting that personal space is culturally difference; keep in mind that what is consideredclose in one country is far away in another. Check their arms. 3 9 Though some people just cross their arms as a habit, it may indicate that theperson is slightly reserved, uncomfortable with their appearance (In other words, self conscious and tryingto cover it), or just trying to hide something on their shirt. If their arms are crossed while their feet areshoulder width or wider apart, this is a position of toughness or authority. If someone rests their armsbehind their neck or head, they are open to what is being discussed or just easy-going in general. If theirhands are on their hips, they might be waiting, impatient or just tired. 4 0 A. If they don't move further away, then they are receptive. B. How to read body language needs to be learned. C. Some of us can read it naturally and some of us can’t at all. D. If their hands are closed, they may be angry, or nervous. E. People with crossed arms are closing themselves to social influence. F. Pay attention to how close someone is to you. G. Some people tend not to move further away. 第三部分英语知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分） 第一节完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出可以填人空白处 的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 After 21 years of marriage, my wife wanted me to take another woman out to dinner and a movie.That Friday after work, I drove over to pick her up. We went to a restaurant that, although not 4 1 , was very nice and cozy. My mother took my arm4 2 she were the First Lady. During the dinner, we had an agreeable conversation – nothing 4 3but catching up on recent 4 4 of each other’s life. We talked so much that we missed the 4 5 .As we arrived at her house later, she said, “I’ll go out with you again, but only if you let me 4 6 you.”I agreed. “How was your 4 7 ?” asked my wife when I got home. “Very nice. Far 4 8 my wildestimagination” I answered. A few days later, my mother died of a heart attack. It happened so 49 that I didn’ t have a
chanceto do anything for her. Some time 5 0 , I received an envelope with a copy of a restaurant 5 1from the same place where mother and I had dined. An 5 2 note said: “I paid this bill 5 3 . Iwasn’t sure that I 5 4 be there; but I still paid for two plates – one for you and the other for your 5 5.You will never know what that night 56 for me. I love you, son.” At that moment, I 5 7 the importance of saying in time: “I LOVE YOU” and to give time to ourfamily. 5 8 in life is more important than your family. Give them the time they 5 9 , becausethese things cannot be 6 0 till “some other time.” 41. A. grand B. comfortable C. shabby D. delicate 42. A. even if B. as though C. so that D. in case 43. A. unbelievable B. attractive C. interesting D. extraordinary 44. A. accidents B. events C. coincidences D. conditions 45. A. bus B. appointment C. movie D. time 46. A. accompany B. order C. satisfy D. invite 47. A. date B. dinner C. film D. mother 48. A. from B. beyond C. beneath D. out of 49. A. immediately B. abruptly C. absolutely D. awfully 50. A. before B. ago C. later D. after 51. A. receipt B. bill C. reception D. notice 52. A. extra B. additional C. attached D. approved 53. A. by chance B. on purpose C. for myself D. in advance 54. A. might B. should C. could D. would 55. A. son B. wife C. friend D. colleague 56. A. meant B. paid C. provided D. made 57. A. advocated B. appreciated C. admired D. applauded 58. A. Something B. Anything C. Everything D. Nothing 59. A. demand B. need C. deserve D. desire 60. A. put off B. called off C. taken off D. turned off 第 II 卷 第二节（共 10 小题，每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 阅读下面材料，在空白处填入适当的内容（1 个单词）或括号内单词的正确形式。 Tuan was a farmer in Vietnam. For decades, he had been struggling to rid his family of hunger.However, it always confused him 6 1 to expand the output of his crops. This 62 (disturb)problem led to his regretting being a farmer. He would rather have chosen 6 3 job. One day, when skimming through a newspaper, Tuan read 6 4 comment on Yuan Longping. Heunderlined Yuan’s nationality and occupation, and then 6 5 (focus) on his discovery and the statisticsof his research. He found the knowledge Yuan circulated very 6 6 (practice). Therefore, he made asummary and began to build up a new farming method. He planted super grain of rich nutrition andequipped 6 7 (he) to keep his crop roots free of bacteria and pests. He also enriched minerals in thesoil while 6 8 (reduce) chemical fertilizers. Though it cost him more time and freedom, he was full ofhope.
The next year, Tuan was sunburnt 69 to YuanLongping, he not only won the battle abroad. 第四部分写作（共两节，满分 35 分）
satisfied with his production very much. Thanks 70 hunger, but he could also export his crops
第一节 短文改错（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 假段定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文， 请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。 文中 共有 10 处语言错误，每句中最多有两处。错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧)，并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用(＼)划掉。 修改：在错的词下画一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2.只允许修改 10 处，多者（从第 11 处起）不计分。 Tom and Dick are next door neighbor who both work in the same office. They often walked togetherto and from work. Once they were walking to home together while it suddenly started to rain. Tom quicklyopened his umbrella and said proud, “My wife really has great foresight (先见之 明). She said this morningwould rain and tell me to carry my umbrella.” Dick smiled and walked up to him under the protection ofthe umbrella, said “Mine has even great foresight. She didn’ t let me carry one as she knew you’d shareyours to me.” 第二节 书面表达（满分 25 分） 假定你是学生会主席李华，学校将举办一次“校训征集” （Collection of School Motto） 的校园活动，请根据下面提示以短文形式用英语写一份书面通知。 校训要求：积极向上、原创、简洁 征集时间：9 月 10 日至 20 日 征集部门：学生会 email@example.com 展出时间及地点：9 月 23 日 体育馆 颁奖时间及地点：9 月 27 日 体育馆 注意：1.词数 100 左右；2.可以适当发挥，以使行文连贯 Notice A Collection of School Motto activity is to be held in our school.