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dz̸Сѧһ꼶ƴѧ


dz̸Сѧһ꼶ƴѧ Сѧ
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ҪСѧƴѧǵ꼶ѧϰĻ ,ѧ

ѧͨЧߡɴ˿Կ,ƴѧҪ ԡʦҪս̲, Ȥ,ѡʺѧѧϰķʹ ѧȤζͯ桢лÿֵѧϰãܹ úᵽɹȤ ܰѧϰһֿ֣ һܣ һ׷ƴѧϰ֮· ؼʡս̲ Ȥ ƴ

ȫĿγ̱׼ʵ壩 ڡѧ顱 ָҪѭѧķչɺѧϰɣѡ ѧԡ ƴѧȤζԣѧ˵ ͨʶֽѧϣͬʱǿҪöͯ ȡЩýǣҪȷʹ½̲ģ ѧΪĹԵؿչѧ ƴСѧĽѧҪ,ǰѧʶ֡Ķѧ ϰͨҪߡ,ƴdzı,ѧ ѧʱеҪӦýѧֶ,ѧ, ѧ,ѧѧ,ѧʵ,Ŭѧϰ ڳڵƴѧܽļ̷ֽϣʹһ һѧѧϰƴȤ Ȥdzɲŵ㡱 õʦ ˵ ѧҪ塣һ˵꼶Ķͯ
1

˼άֱȽϺöעȶ־ãһڿһ ֻܳע 15 ҡǵѧϰں̶ܴ ȡڽѧݡѧȤζԡˣȤԵ꼶 ͯΪҪ˳ؽнѧչͯγɶͯ ԵҪ ƴĸdzķţ ѧĶͯҪʱס ŵȷķһѵġ Ϊʹѧ ȤѧϰĸĸԲϷԱ衢 ȽѧʵͼƬ¼ѧϲּ ʽнѧʹѧݾ廯󻯡ڼ ͯѧϰԺͻԣ öͯѧ ֪ʶ 1Ϸѧ 꼶ͯáϲһԣʦӦ ʧʱöͯչڣ˷ùĽѧʽ ھ̲ı̺ĿأѻáҪ ǣ 1̲ģھ̲ĹеĿأ 2Ŭ ֱ۽̾ߣֿչֱ۽ѧ 3Զͯע ֲȶöص㣬Ϸáѧĸ mʦ˷ָѧʱɲÿ ϷѧѧվϷʹýѧ ϡȤʹѧע߶ȼС 4ݶͯ ʤġȡǿص㣬֯ѧϰáһȡ һ 컨 족 ˭Ļҵÿ족ȷ շѧѧϰʹǶѧϰʼձŨ

2

Ȥ̬Ⱥ͸߶ȼеע 2Ա衢ھ Ϊܰĸĸͳһѧļ ߼׼ȷʣȷʣʦɴĦĸ̬ 㣬󻯵ı⣬Ա衢ھѧĸ n m ͿԱĿھ n˫ m˿ھȰѧס ˷ּסص㡣 3ʵͼƬ¼߽̾ƴѧ ʹѧֱۡʵʾֱ۵İ취ѧ׼ȷ ʶΡѧĸ f t ʱһѹ̾ ֱʾȳ¡t t t ȳϡf f f Ȼڻش нʾ f t Ķдͨʵʾ鷢ķ Ƿȷ b pd tg k h Ƿ һűֽߣʶطͬѧֱ۵ ۲ 4ͼѧ䡣ѧƴĸѧ ƴһѶȵģڽѧͼʶʱ ѧͼͼ׾ƴˡѧ϶ʱ ʶĺ֣ʦƾͼ⣬ѧֻ ݣʹѧֵĶΣ 8 龰 ͼ ̫ո𣬿Իʲô˵ѧ˼ش ճ ֵκҲӭжˡѿͼ ƴʶֽһڷѧԣҲڵ ȺѧϰеĻãʶЧʵҪ ѧ˼

3

ʦڿýѧҪץס̲еص㼰ѵ㣬 뷽 ѧ˼˼˼ʹѧʼմڻ˼ά״̬ ֮Уõ˼άƷʺ˼άϰߣǵ ʹڿýѧУҲòͬĽѧʽɣ ʹÿѧѧϰЧܡ bp ftdzƣ ׻ѧҵгߵΪѧ нѧģѧ׼ſƬֱдСb p f t ڿϣ ȻһλѧһſƬ b λȥͬ飬߱˵ bԲԲĶͦ ҵͬȫѧһſƬλͬ ѧϡȫѧгֿƬbͬѧ뵽̨ǰ ſƬһ˵ bԲԲĶͦ b һ㲥ݴ˷ٶԱѧϰĸ ָѧϰ ʦڿýѧҪݽ̲ݺѧʵʣ ȷѧ ϰ֡ʦΪѧΪ塢ϰΪߡ˼ άΪġΪġΪص㡱Ŀýѧģʽȡ ýѧЧ 1.ŻϰڼϰҲȡʽ ϳ ͨȫϰƴѧһӦ ʱ䣬رЩѧϰ֡ϳл ׼ɴʶشϰߡ 2.ŻϰʽϰʽҪࡢ¡ɡ ϰ󣬽ŽѧġСϳ һ飩 Ϊ ϰüʵĻÿѧС

4

ϰ ڽʦѧеأ ѧѧϰЧ ʱȱ ġѧƴд ƴѧҪѧһҪдȻ Եλһĸĸɡָ ƴʱҳУ 1ָѧƴʻĸĸ ˳ѵָѧȷдơдʽ ϰߡ 2һƴд ƴƴдȽϸӣѧĶͯС աݵ꼶ѧɲԱ衢ھ Ƚѧѧؼסƴд硣 ѧζĸбʱñ裺aoeiu ӴСֵܣʱҪע⣬ڼҴ磬粻 Ҷ磬粻磬粻ġ壬ġ岢б ں ڼСܣ ȺҪμǡ Ϊдȷ дù淶дƯÿڿ ѧѧϰĻԿǰߡ 塢ഴϷչѧ 1꼶ͯáϲһԣʦ Ӧʧʱöͯչʱڣ ˷ùĽѧ ʽھ̲ı̺Ŀأѻá ѧĸ nʦ˷ָѧʱ ÿ𳵵Ϸѧѧվ𳵿˳ ҲԵſ Ϸʹýѧϡ Ȥ

5

ʹѧע߶ȼС 2áʦ ʦ𡱵ķ磬ڽѧ d b q p n mνƴĸʱɲ ʴʽС 1ʦ°Բʲô°Բʲ ô°Բ d d d°Բ b b b 2ʦϰԲ ʲôϰԲʲôϰԲ q q qϰԲ p p p 3һŶʲôŶʲôʦһŶ n n nŶ m m mͨһһ𣬼ȻԾ˿գ ѧѧϰȤζԣ ʹѧЩ׻ƴ ĸġ͡Ρ ׼һЩѧƬƬһСӡӡѡ ƻ١ӡͼΣһЩˮִʵڡ Ϸͼһѧ Ҫ鵽Ƭѧƴ ƬִʣȷԽƬͬѧ 򽫿Ƭʦ 3ΪСѧ꼶ĽʦǶ֪ƴѧ СѧѧϰĵĻ ĽѧҲӦѧ ص㼰ʵơֻҪڽѧʵ Уʵķʽһܹʹѧ죬Ȥ ȻѧƴƴѧΪѧѧϰ԰Ϊǽ һѧִ¼ʵĻ ֮Ҫһ꼶ƴѧѧѧϰƴȤ ؼϷѧԱ衢ھЧķ Ҫƴдڡƴѧ·ж֣ҪҪ ʦȥһʺѧʹѧȤζͯ桢

6

лÿֵѧϰãܹúᵽɹȤ ѧϰһֿ֣һܣһ׷ƴѧϰ֮· οס 1 Сѧ꼶ѧƴĶд 2 Сѧƴѧġ ĵ 3 dz̸Сѧƴѧ ѣ˲

7

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