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2015年各地高考英语试题15套word版(含答案)


目录
2015 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试各地英语科试题及答案
2015 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(新课标 I)英语试题................................................................5 (河北、河南、山西、江西、山东) 2015 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(新课标 I)英语试题参考答案.............................................187 2015 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(新课标 II)英语试题..............................................................15 (甘肃、广西、贵州、黑龙江、吉林、辽宁、内蒙古、宁夏、青海、西藏、新疆、云南、海南) 2015 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(新课标 II)英语试题参考答案............................................188 2015 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(北京卷)英语试题.................................................................25 2015 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(北京卷)英语试题参考答案...............................................188 2015 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(天津卷)英语试题.................................................................39 2015 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(天津卷)英语试题参考答案...............................................189 2015 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(上海卷)英语试题.................................................................49 2015 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(上海卷)英语试题参考答案...............................................190 2015 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(广东卷)英语试题.................................................................63 2015 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(广东卷)英语试题参考答案...............................................191 2015 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(江苏卷)英语试题.................................................................75 2015 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(江苏卷)英语试题参考答案...............................................192 2015 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(安徽卷)英语试题.................................................................89 2015 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(安徽卷)英语试题参考答案...............................................193 2015 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(浙江卷)英语试题.................................................................99 2015 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(浙江卷)英语试题参考答案...............................................194 2015 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(浙江卷)自选模块英语部分试题.......................................111 2015 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(浙江卷)自选模块英语部分试题参考答案.......................195 2015 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(福建卷)英语试题...............................................................113 2015 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(福建卷)英语试题参考答案...............................................195 2015 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(湖南卷)英语试题...............................................................127 2015 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(湖南卷)英语试题参考答案...............................................203 2015 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(湖北卷)英语试题...............................................................139 2015 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(湖北卷)英语试题参考答案...............................................204 2015 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(四川卷)英语试题...............................................................153 2015 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(四川卷)英语试题参考答案...............................................205 2015 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(重庆卷)英语试题...............................................................165 2015 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(重庆卷)英语试题参考答案...............................................206 2015 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(陕西卷)英语试题...............................................................175 2015 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(陕西卷)英语试题参考答案...............................................207 -1-

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2015 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试 各地英语科试题

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2015 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(新课标 I)


注意事项:



1. 本试卷分第Ⅰ卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷(非选择题)两部分。 2. 答题前,考生务必将自己的姓名,准考证号填写在本试卷相应的位置。 3. 全部答案在答题卡上完成,答在本试卷上无效。 4. 第Ⅰ卷听力部分满分 30 分,不计入总分,考试成绩录取时提供给高校作参考。 5. 考试结束后,将本试卷和答题卡一并交回。

第Ⅰ卷
第一部分 听力(共两节,满分 30 分) 做题时,现将答案标在试卷上,录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂 到答题卡上。 第一节(共 5 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 7.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话,每段对话后有一个小题。从题中所给的 A,B,C 三个选项中选出最佳选项, 并标在试卷的相应位置。 听完每段对话后, 你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。 每段对话仅读一遍。 例: How much is the shirt? A. ?19.15 答案是 C。
1. 1. What time is it now? A. 9:10 2. B. 9:50 C. 10:00

B. ?9.18

C. ?9.15

What does the woman think of the weather? It‘s nice. It‘s warm It‘s cold.

3.

What will the man do? A. Attend a meeting. B. Give a lecture C. Leave his office.

4.

What is the woman‘s opinion about the course? A. Too hard B. Worth taking. C. Very easy.

5.

What does the woman want the man to do? A. Speak louder B. Apologize to her. C. Turn off the radio.

第二节(共 15 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 22.5 分) 听下面 5 短话或独白,没段话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出 最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题 5 秒 钟;听完后,各小题将给出 5 秒钟的做大时间,每段对话或独白读两遍。 -5-

听第 6 段材料,回答第 6、7 题。 6. How long did Michael stay in China? A. Five days. 7. Where did Michael go last year? A. Russia B. Norway C. India B. One week. C. Two weeks.

听第 7 段材料,回答第 8、9 题。 8. What food does Sally like? A. Chicken. 9. What are the speakers going to do? A. Cook dinner. C. Go shopping. C. Order dishes. B. Fish. C. Eggs.

听第 8 段材料,回答第 10 至 12 题。 10. Where are the speakers? A. In a hospital. 11. When is the report due? A. Thursday. 12. B. Friday. C. Next Monday. B. In the office. C. At home.

What does George suggest Stephanie do with the report? A. Improve it. B. Hand it in later. C. Leave it with him.

听第 9 段材料,回答第 13 至 16 题。 13. What is the probable relationship between the speakers? A. Salesperson and customer. B. Homeowner and cleaner. C. Husband and wife. 14. What kind of apartment do the speakers prefer? A. One with two bedroom. B. One without furniture. C. One near a market. 15. How much rent should one pay for the one-bedroom apartment? A. $350. 16. B. $400. C. $415.

Where is the apartment the speakers would like to see? A. On Lake Street B. On Market Street. C. On South Street.

听第 8 段材料,回答第 10 至 12 题。

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17.

What percentage of the world‘s tea exports go to Britain? A. About 15%. B. About 30%. C. Over 40%.

18.

Why do tea tasters taste tea with milk? A. Most British people drink that way. B. Tea tastes much better with milk. C. Tea with milk is healthy.

19.

Who suggests a price for each tea? A. Tea tasters. B. Tea exporters. C. Tea companies.

20.

What is the speaker talking about? A. The life of tea tasters. B. Afternoon tea in Britain. C. The London Tea Trade Centre.

第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分 60 分) 第一节 (共 15 小题;每小题 3 分,满分 45 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡 上将该项涂黑。

A
Monthly Talks at London Canal Museum Our monthly talks start at 19:30 on the first Thursday of each month except August. Admission is at normal charges and you don‘t need to book. They end around 21:00. November 7th The Canal Pioneers, by Chris Lewis. James Brindley is recognized as one of the leading early canal engineers. He was also a major player in training others in the art of nanal planning and building. Chris Lewis will explain how Brindley made such a positive contribution to the education of that group of early ―civil enginerrs‖. December 5th Ice for the Metropolis, by Malcolm Tucker. Well before the arrival of freezers, there was a demand for ice for food preservation and catering, Malcolm will explain the history of importing natural ice and the technology of building ice wells, and how London‘s ice trade grew. February 6th An Update on the Cotsword Canals, by Liz Payne. The Smoudwater Canal is moving towards reopenling. The Thames and Severn Canal will take a little longer. We will have a report on the present state of play. March 6th -7-

Eyots and Aits- Thames Islands, by Miranda Vickers. The Thames had many islands. Miranda has undertaken a review of all of them. She will tell us about those of greatest interest. Online bookings:www.canalmuseum.org.uk/book More into:www.canalmuseum.org.uk/whatson London Canal Museum 12-13 New Wharf Road, London NI 9RT www.canalmuseum.org.uk Tel:020 77130836 21.When is the talk on James Brindley? A. November 7th. B. March 6th. C. February 6th. D. December 5th. 22. What is the topic of the talk in February? A. The Canal Pioneers. B. Ice for the Metropolis C. Eyots and Aits- Thames Islands D. An Update on the Cotsword Canals 23. Who will give the talk on the islands in the Thames? A. Chris Lewis B. Malcolm Tucker C. Miranda Vickers D. Liz Payne www.canalmuseum.mobi

B
The freezing Northeast hasn‘t been a terribly fun place to spend time this winter, so when the chance came for a weekend to Sarasota, Florida, my bags were packed before you could say ―sunshine‖. I left for the land of warmth and vitamin C(维生素 C), thinking of beaches and orange trees. When we touched down to blue skies and warm air, I sent up a small prayer of gratefulness. Swimming pools, wine tasting, and pink sunsets(at normal evening hours, not 4 in the afternoon) filled the weekend, but the best part- particularly to my taste, dulled by months of cold- weather root vegetables- was a 7 a.m. adventure to the Sarasota farmers‘ market that proved to be more than worth the early wake-up call. The market, which was founded in 1979, sets up its tents every Saturday from 7:00 am to 1 p.m, rain or shine, along North Lemon and State streets. Baskets of perfect red strawberries, the red-painted sides of the Java Dawg coffee truck; and most of all, the tomatoes: amazing, large, soft and round red tomatoes. Disappointed by many a broken, vine-ripened(蔓上成熟的) promise, I‘ve refused to buy winter -8-

tomatoes for years. No matter how attractive they look in the store, once I get them home they‘re unfailingly dry, hard, and tasteless. But I homed in, with uncertainty, on one particular table at the Brown‘s Grove Farm‘s stand, full of fresh and soft tomatoes the size of my fist. These were the real dealand at that moment, I realized that the best part of Sarasota in winter was going to be eating things that back home in New York I wouldn‘t be experiencing again for months. Delighted as I was by the tomatoes in sight, my happiness deepened when I learned that Brown‘s Grove Farm is one of the suppliers for Jack Dusty, a newly opened restaurant at the Sarasota Ritz Carlton, where- luckily for me- I was planning to have dinner that very night. Without even seeing the menu, I knew I‘d be ordering every tomato on it.

24. What did the author think of her winter life in New York? A. Exciting. B. Boring. C. Relaxing. D. Annoying.

25. What made the author‘s getting up late early worthwhile? A. Having a swim. B. Breathing in fresh air. C. Walking in the morning sun. D. Visiting a local farmer‘s market. 26. What can we learn about tomatoes sold in New York in winter? A. They are soft. B. They look nice. C. They taste great. D. They are juicy. 27. What was the author going to that evening? A. Eat in a restaurant. B. Check into a hotel. C. Go to a farm. D. Buy fresh vegetables.

C
Salvador Dali (1904-1989) was one of the most popular of modern artists. The Pompidou Centre in Paris is showing its respect and admiration for the artist and his powerful personality with an exhibition bringing together over 200 paintings, sculptures, drawings and more. Among the works and masterworks on exhibition the visitor will find the best pieces, most importantly The Persistence of Memory. There is also L’Enigme sans Fin from 1938, works on paper, objects, and projects for stage and screen and selected parts from television programmes reflecting the artist‘s showman qualities. The visitor will enter the World of Dali through an egg and is met with the beginning, the world of birth. The exhibition follows a path of time and subject with the visitor exiting through the brain. -9-

The exhibition shows how Dali draws the viewer between two infinities (无限). ―From the infinity small to the infinity large, contraction and expansion coming in and out of focus: amazing Flemish accuracy and the showy Baroque of old painting that he used in his museum-theatre in Figueras,‖ explains the Pompidou Centre. The fine selection of the major works was done in close collaboration (合作)with the Museo Nacional Reina Sofia in Madrid, Spain, and with contributions from other institutions like the Salvador Dali Museum in St. Petersburg.

28. Which of the following best describe Dali according to Paragraph 1? A. Optimistic. B. Productive C. Generous. D. Traditional.

29. What is Dali‘s The Persistence of Memory considered to be? A. One of his masterworks. B. A successful screen adaptation. C. An artistic creation for the stage. D. One of the beat TV programmes. 30. How are the exhibits arranged at the World of Dali? A. By popularity. B. By importance. C. By size and shape. D. By time and subject. 31. What does the word ―contributions‖ in the last paragraph refer to? A. Donations. B. Projects. C. Artworks. D. Documents.

D
Conflict is on the menu tonight at the caféLa Chope. This evening, as on every Thursday night, psychologist Maud Lehanne is leading two of France‘s favorite pastimes, coffee drinking and the ―talking cure‖. Here they are learning to get in touch with their true feelings. It isn‘t always easy. They customers-some thirty Parisians who pay just under $2 (plus drinks) per session-care quick to intellectualize (高谈阔论),slow to open up and connect. ―You are forbidden to say ?one feels,‘ or ?people think‘,‖Lehane told them. ―Say ?I think,‘ ?Think me‘.‖ A café society where no intellectualizing is allowed? It couldn‘t seem more un-French. But Lehanne‘s psychology café is about more than knowing oneself: It‘s trying to help the city‘s troubled neighborhood cafes. Over the years, Parisian cafes have fallen victim to changes in the French lifestyle-longer working hours, a fast food boom and a younger generation‘s desire to spend more time at home. Dozens of new theme cafes appear to change the situation. Cafes focused around psychology, history, and engineering are catching on, filling tables well into the evening. 32.What are people encouraged to do at the cafe La Chope? - 10 -

A. Learn a new subject B. Keep in touch with friends. C. Show off their knowledge. D. Express their true feelings. 33. How are cafes affected by French lifestyle changes? A. They have bigger night crowds. B. They stay open for longer hours. C. They are less frequently visited. D. They start to serve fast food. 34. What are theme cafes expected to do? A. Save the cafe business. B. Supply better drinks. C. Create more jobs. D. Serve the neighborhood. 35. Why are psychology cafes becoming popular in Paris? A. They bring people true friendship. B. They give people spiritual support. C. They help people realize their dreams. D. They offer a platform for business links.

第二节 (共 5 小题,每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,选项中有两项为多余选项。 Building Trust in a Relationship Again Trust is a learned behavior that we gain from past experiences, 36 . That is a risk. But

you can‘t be successful when there‘s a lack of trust in a relationship that results from an action where the wrongdoer takes no responsibility to fix the mistake. Unfortunately, we‘ve all been victims of betrayal. Whether we‘ve been suffer from, lied to , misled, or cheated on, there are different levels of losing trust. Sometimes people simply can‘t trust anymore, 37 . It‘s understandable, but if you‘re willing to build trust in a relationship again, we

have some steps you can take to get you there. ? 38 having confidence in yourself will help you make better choices because you can see

what the best outcome would be for your well-being. ? 39 If you‘ve been betrayed, you are the victim of your circumstance. But there‘s a

difference between being a victim and living with a ―victim mentality‖. At some point in all of our lives, we‘ll have our trust tested or violated. ? You didn‘t lose ―everything‖. Once trust is lost, what is left? Instead of looking at the situation from this hopeless angle, look at everything you still have and be thankful for all of the good in your life. - 11 -

____40____ instead, it‘s a healthy way to work through the experience to allow room for positive growth and forgiveness. A. Learn to really trust yourself. B. It is putting confidence in someone. C. Stop regarding yourself as the victim. D. Remember that you can expect the best in return. E. Seeing the positive side of things doesn‘t mean you‘re ignoring what happened. F. This knowledge carries over in their attitude toward their future relationships. G. They‘ve been too badly hurt and they can‘t bear to let it happen again.

第三部分 英语知识运用 (共两节,满分 45) 第一节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 15 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出可以填入空白处的 最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 My kids and I were heading into the supermarket over the weekend. On the way ,we spotted a man holding a piece of paper that said, ― At this store, a 42 41 my job. Family to Feed.‖

like this is not normal. My 10-year-old noticed him and make a 44 45 in the cold wind. something they thought our ―friend‖ there

___43___ on how bad it must be to have to stand In the store, I asked each of my kids to would 46

. They got apples, a sandwich and a bottle of juice. Then my 17-year-old suggested 47 49 51 . I thought about it. We were 48 on cash ourselves, but… well, 50 what we need to do! All

giving him a sometimes the kids

from our need instead of our abundance is something they could do away with for the week. 52

When we handed him the bag of

, he lit up and thanked us with 54

53

eyes.

When I handed him the gift card, saying he could use it for into tears. This has been a wonderful others we can really don‘t have gave my kids the 41. A. Quit 42. A condition 43. A. suggestion 44. A. by 45. A. draw 46. A. appreciate 47. A. dollar 56 58 60 55

his family might need, he burst

for our family. For days the kids have been looking for 57 if I had simply said, ―No, we 59 , it also

! Things would have played out so

to give more.‖ Stepping out not only helped a brother in taste of helping others. It‘ll go a long way with them. B. Changed B. place B. comment B. proudly B. say B. supply B. job C. Lost C. sight C. decision C. outside C. arrange C. order C. hot meal - 12 D. Finished D. show D. call D. angrily D. pick D. discover D. gift card

48. A. easy 49. A. giving 50. A. yet 51. A. declared 52. A . food 53. A. sleepy 54. A. whoever 55. A. message 56. A. rely on 57. A. suddenly 58. A. time 59. A. need 60. A. strong

B. low B. saving B. even B. shared B. medicine B. watery B. whatever B. example B. respect B. vividly B. power B. love B. sweet

C. soft C. spending C. still C. ignored C. toys C. curious C. whichever C. experience C. learn from C. differently C. patience C. fear C. strange

D. loose D. begging D. just D. expected D. clothes D. sharp D. whenever D. adventure D. help D. perfectly D. money D. memory D. simple

第 II 卷
注意事项: 用 0.5 毫米黑色笔迹的签字笔将答案写在答题卡上,写在本试卷无效。

第三部分 英语知识运用 (共两节,满分 45) 第二节 (共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,共 15 分) 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当内容(1 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

Yangshuo, China It was raining lightly when I A few hours 62 61 (arrive) in Yangshuo just before dawn. But I didn‘t care. 63 (it) choking smog. Here, the air

, I‘d been at home in Hong Kong, with

was clean and fresh, even with the rain. I‘d skipped nearby Guilin, a dream place for tourists seeking the limestone mountain tops and dark waters of the Li River 64 are pictured by artists in so many Chinese 65 (painting).

Instead, I ?d head straight for Yangshuo. For those who fly to Guilin, it‘s only an hour away ___66___ car and offers all the scenery of the better-known city. Yangshuo 67 (be) really beautiful. A study of travelers 68 (conduct) by the

website TripAdvisor names Yangshuo as one of the top 10 destinations in the world. And the town is fast becoming a popular weekend destination for people in Asia. Abercrombie & Kent, a travel company in Hong Kong, says it 69 (regular) arranges quick getaways here for people 70 (live) in

Shanghai and Hong Kong.
61. __________ 66. __________ 62. __________ 67. __________ 63. __________ 68. __________ 64. __________ 69. __________ 65. __________ 70. __________

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第四部分 写作 (共两节 满分 35) 第一节 短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,共 10 分)

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。作文 中共有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除 或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏子符号(∧)并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。
When I was a child, I hoped to live in the city. I think I would be happy there. Now I am living in a city ,but I miss my home in countryside. There the air is clean or the mountains are green. Unfortunately, on the development of industrialization, the environment has been polluted. Lots of studies have been shown that global warming has already become a very seriously problem. The airs we breathe in is getting dirtier and dirtier. Much rare animals are dying out . We must found ways to protect your environment. If we fail to do so , we‘ll live to regret it .

第二节 书面表达(满分 25 分) 假定你是李华,你校英文报―外国文化‖栏目拟刊登美国节日风俗和中学生生活的短文。请给 美国朋友彼得写信约稿,要点如下: 1. 栏目介绍。 2. 稿件内容; 3. 稿件长度:约 400 词汇 4. 交稿日期:6 月 28 日前天

注意: 1. 词数 100 左右; 2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯的; 3. 开头语已为你写好。

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2015 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(新课标 II)


一并交回。



本试卷分第Ⅰ卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷(非选择题)两部分。考试结束后,将本试卷和答题卡

第Ⅰ卷
注意事项: 1. 答第Ⅰ卷前,考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在答题卡上。 2. 选出每小题答案后,用铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动,用橡皮擦 干净后,再选涂其他答案标号。不能答在本试卷上,否则无效。

第一部分

听力(共两节,满分 30 分)

做题时,现将答案标在试卷上,录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂 到答题卡上。 第一节(共 5 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 7.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话,每段对话后有一个小题。从题中所给的 A,B,C 三个选项中选出最佳选项, 并标在试卷的相应位置。 听完每段对话后, 你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。 每段对话仅读一遍。 例: How much is the shirt? A. ?19.15 答案是 C。
1. 1. What time is it now? A. 9:10 2. B. 9:50 C. 10:00

B. ?9.18

C. ?9.15

What does the woman think of the weather? It‘s nice. It‘s warm It‘s cold.

3.

What will the man do? A. Attend a meeting. B. Give a lecture C. Leave his office.

4.

What is the woman‘s opinion about the course? A. Too hard B. Worth taking. C. Very easy.

5.

What does the woman want the man to do? A. Speak louder B. Apologize to her. C. Turn off the radio.

第二节(共 15 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 22.5 分) 听下面 5 短话或独白,没段话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出 最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题 5 秒 - 15 -

钟;听完后,各小题将给出 5 秒钟的做大时间,每段对话或独白读两遍。

听第 6 段材料,回答第 6、7 题。 6. How long did Michael stay in China? A. Five days. 7. Where did Michael go last year? A. Russia B. Norway C. India B. One week. C. Two weeks.

听第 7 段材料,回答第 8、9 题。 8. What food does Sally like? A. Chicken. 9. What are the speakers going to do? A. Cook dinner. C. Go shopping. C. Order dishes. B. Fish. C. Eggs.

听第 8 段材料,回答第 10 至 12 题。 10. Where are the speakers? A. In a hospital. 11. When is the report due? A. Thursday. 12. B. Friday. C. Next Monday. B. In the office. C. At home.

What does George suggest Stephanie do with the report? A. Improve it. B. Hand it in later. C. Leave it with him.

听第 9 段材料,回答第 13 至 16 题。 13. What is the probable relationship between the speakers? A. Salesperson and customer. B. Homeowner and cleaner. C. Husband and wife. 14. What kind of apartment do the speakers prefer? A. One with two bedroom. B. One without furniture. C. One near a market. 15. How much rent should one pay for the one-bedroom apartment? A. $350. 16. B. $400. C. $415.

Where is the apartment the speakers would like to see? A. On Lake Street B. On Market Street. C. On South Street.

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听第 8 段材料,回答第 10 至 12 题。 17. What percentage of the world‘s tea exports go to Britain? A. About 15%. 18. B. About 30%. C. Over 40%.

Why do tea tasters taste tea with milk? A. Most British people drink that way. B. Tea tastes much better with milk. C. Tea with milk is healthy.

19.

Who suggests a price for each tea? A. Tea tasters. B. Tea exporters. C. Tea companies.

20.

What is the speaker talking about? A. The life of tea tasters. B. Afternoon tea in Britain. C. The London Tea Trade Centre.

第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节(共 15 小题:每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡 上将该项涂黑。

A
My color television has given me nothing but a headache.I was able to buy it a little over a year ago because I had my relatives give me money for my birthday instead of a lot of clothes that wouldn‘t

fit.I let a salesclerk fool me into buying a discontinued model,I realized this a day late,when I saw newspaper advertisements for the set at seventy-five dollars less than I had paid,The set worked so beautifully when I first got it home that I would keep it on until stations signed off for the night,Fortunately, I didn‘t got any channels showing all-night movies or I would never have gotten to bed. Then I started developing a problem with the set that involved static (静电) noise. For some reason,when certain shows switched into a commercial, a loud noise would sound for a few seconds. Gradually,this noise began to appear during a show, and to get rid of it,I had to change to another channel and then change it back.Sometimes this technique would not work,and I had to pick up the set and shake it to remove the sound. I actually began to build up my arm muscles(肌肉) shaking my set. When neither of these methods removed the static noise ,I would sit helplessly and wait for the noise to go away.At last I ended up hitting the set with my fist,and it stopped working altogether .My trip to the repair shop cost me $62, and the set is working well now,but I keep expecting more trouble. - 17 -

21. Why did the author say he was fooled into buying the TV set? A. He got an older model than he had expected. B. He couldn‘t return it when it was broken. C. He could have bought it at a lower price. D. He failed to find any movie shows on it. 22. Which of the following can best replace the phrase‖signed off‖in Paragraph 1? A. ended all their programs B. provided fewer channels C. changed to commercials D. showed all-night movies 23. How did the author finally get his TV set working again? A. By shaking and hitting it. B. By turning it on and off. C. By switching channels. D. By having it repaired. 24. How does the author sound when telling the story ? A. Curious B. Anxious C. Cautious D. Humorous

B
Your house may have an effect on your figure . Experts say the way you design your home could play a role in whether you pack on the pounds or keep them off . You can make your environment work for you instead of against you . Here are some ways to turn your home into part of diet plan. Open the curtains and turn up the lights . Dark environments are more likely to encourage overeating , for people are often less self-conscious(难为情)when they‘re in poorly lit places-and so more likely to eat lots of food . If your home doesn‘t have enough window light , get more lamps and flood the place with brightness. Mind the colors . Research suggests warm colors fuel our appetites . In one study , people who ate meals in a blue room consumed 33 percent less than those in a yellow or red room . Warm colors like yellow make food appear more appetizing , while cold colors make us feel less hungry . So when it‘s time to repaint , go blue. Don‘t forget the clock-or the radio. People who eat slowly tend to consume about 70 fewer calories(卡路里) per meal than those who rush through their meals. Begin keeping track of the time, and try to make dinner last at least 30 minutes, And while you‘re at it, actually sit down to eat. If you - 18 -

need some help slowing down , turn on relaxing music. It makes you less likely to rush through a meal. Downsize the dishes, Big serving bowls and plates can easily make us fat. We eat about 22 percent more when using a 12-inch plate instead of a 10-inch plate. When we choose a large spoon over a smaller one, total intake (摄入)jumps by 14 percent. And we‘ll pour about 30 percent more liquid into a short, wide glass than a tall, skinny glass.

25. The text is especially helpful for those who care about_______. A. their home comforts B. their body shape C. house buying D. healthy diets 26. A home environment in blue can help people_________. A. digest food better B. reduce food intake C. burn more calories D. regain their appetites 27. What are people advised to do at mealtimes? A. Eat quickly. B. Play fast music. C. Use smaller spoons. D. Turn down the lights. 28. What can be a suitable title for the test? A. Is Your House Making You Fat? B. Ways of Serving Dinner C. Effects of Self-Consciousness D. Is Your Home Environment Relaxing?

C
More student than ever before are taking a gap-year (间隔年)before going to university.It used to be called the ―year off‖ between school and university.The gap-year phenomenon originated(起源) with the months left over to Oxbridge applicants between entrance exams in November and the start of the next academic year. This year, 25,310 students who have accepted places in higher education institutions have put off their entry until next year, according to statistics on university entrance provided by University and College Admissions Serbice(UCAS). That is a record 14.7% increase in the number of students taking a gap year. Tony Higgins from UCAS said that the statistics are good news for everyone in higher education. ―Students who take a - 19 -

well-planned year out are more likely to be satisfied with, and complete, their chosen course. Students who take a gap year are often more mature and responsible,‖ he said. But not everyone is happy. Owain James, the president of the National Union of Students(NUS), argued that the increase is evidence of student had ship – young people are being forced into earning money before finishing their education. ―New students are now aware that they are likely to leave university up to £15,000 in debt. It is not surprising that more and more students are taking a gap year to earn money to support their study for the degree.NUS statistics show that over 40% of students are forced to work during term time and the figure increases to 90% during vacation periods,‖ he said.

29. What do we learn about the gap year from the text? A. It is flexible in length. B. It is a time for relaxation. C. It is increasingly popular. D. It is required by universities. 30. According to Tony Higgins,students taking a gap year______. A. arc better prepared for college studies B. know a lot more about their future jobs C. are more likely to leave university in debt D. have a better chance to enter top universities 31. How does Owain James feel about the gap-year phenomenon? A. He's puzzled. B. He's worried. C. He's surprised. D. He's annoyed. 32. What would most students do on their vacation according to NUS statistics? A. Attend additional courses. B. Make plans for the new term. C. Earn money for their education. D. Prepare for their graduate studies.

D
Choose Your One-Day Tours Tour A-Bath & Stonchenge including entrance fees to the ancient Roman bathrooms and Stonehenge-£until 26 March and £39 thereafter. Visit the city with over 2,000 years of history and Bath Abbey,the Royal Crescent and the Costume Museum. Stonehenge is one of the world‘s most famous prehistoric monuments dating back over 5,000 years. - 20 -

Tour B-Oxford & Stratford including entrance fees to the University St Mary‘s Church Tower and Anne Hathaway's house 一 32 until 12 March and 36 thereafter. Oxford: Includes a guided of England‘s oldest university city and colleges. Look over the ―city of dreaming spires(尖顶)‖form St Mary‘s Church Tower. Stratford: Includes a guided tour exploring much of the Shakespeare wonder. Tour C—Windsor Castle & Hampton Court including entrance fees to Hampton Court Palace--? 34 until March and ? 37 thereafter. Includes a guided tour of Windsor and Hampton Court, Henry Mill‘s favourite palace. Free time to visit Windsor Castle (entrance fees not included) . With 500 years of history, Hampton Court was once the home of four Kings and one Queen. Now this former royal palace is open to the public as a major tourist attraction. Visit the palace and its various historic gardens, which include the famous maze(迷 宫)where it is easy to get lost! Tour D-Cambridge including entrance fees to the Tower of Saint Mary the Great-? 33 .until 18 March and ? 37 thereafter. Includes a guided tour of Cambridge, the famous university town, and the gardens of the 18th century.

33.Which tour will you choose if you want to see England‘s oldest university city? A. Tour A B. Tour B C. Tour C D. Tour D

34. Which of the following tours charges the lowest fee on 17 March? A. Windsor Castle & Hampton Court. B. Oxford & Stratford C. Bath &Stonehenge. D. Cambridge. 35. Why is Hampton Court a major tourist attraction? A. It used to be the home of royal families. B. It used to be a well-known maze C. It is the oldest palace in Britain D. It is a world-famous castle.

第二节(共 5 小题:每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 根据短文内容, 从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。 选项中有两项为多余选项。 Training for a marathon requires careful preparation and steady, gradual increases in the length of the runs. 36 , buy the best-fitting, best-built running shoes you can find. No one can say which

brand will work best for you or feel best on your feet,so you have to rely on your experience and on the feel of each pair as you shop. When you have found shoes that seem right, walk in them for a few days to double-check the fit. run to prevent injuries. - 21 37 . As always, you should stretch(伸展) at least ten minutes before each

During the first week,do not think about distance,but run five minutes longer each day. ___38___, it is wise to take a day off to rest.But during the next week,set a goal of at least a mile and a half per run. 39 . After two weeks,start timing yourself. 40 . Depending on the kind of

race you plan to enter,you can set up a timetable for the remaining weeks before the race. A. After six days B. For a good marathon runner C. Before you begin your training D. With each day,increase the distance by a half mile E. If they still feel good,you can begin running in them F. Time spent for preparation raises the quality of training G. Now you are ready to figure out a goal of improving distance and time

第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选 项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Where do you go when you want to learn something?A friend?A tutor? These are all ___41___ aces of learning.But it may well be that the learning you really I had the 43 of seeing this first hand on a 44 . 42 want somewhere else instead.

My daughter plays on a recreational soccer team. They did very well this season and so ___45___ a tournament, which normally was only for more skilled club teams. This led to some ___46___experiences on Saturday as they played against teams two games, her 48 47 trained. Through the first 49 seeing my

did not get on serious shot on goal. As apparent, I 50 still defeated. 51 53

daughter playing her best,

IT seemed that something clicked with the they 52 for their Sunday game, they were 54

between Saturday and Sunday. When different. They had begun integrate (融合) 55 . They played

the kinds of play and teamwork they had aggressively and It 57 56 scored a goal.

the day before into their

me that playing against the other team was a great 59

58

moment for all the

girls on the team. I think it is a general principle. may not be 60

is the best teacher. The lessons they

what they would have gotten in school. But are certainly more personal and

meaningful, because they had to work them out on their own. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. A. public A. passes A. dream A. trip A. won B. traditional B. works B. idea B. holiday B. entered - 22 C. official C. lies C. habit C. weekend C. organized D. special D. ends D. chance D. square D. watched

46. 47. 48. 49. 50. 51. 52. 53. 54. 55. 56. 57. 58. 59. 60.

A. painful A. less A. fans A. imagined A.if A. girls A. dressed A. slightly A. seen A. styles A. even A. confused A. touching A. Experience A. harmful to

B. strange B. poorly B. tutors B. hated B. or B. parents B. showed up B. hardly B. known B. training B. still B. struck B. thinking B. Independence B. mixed with

C. common C. newly C. class C. avoided C. but C. coaches C. made up C. basically C. heard C. game C. seldom C. reminded C. encouraging C. Curiosity C. different from

D. practical D. better D. team D. missed D. as D. viewers D. planned D. completely D. read D. rules D. again D. warned D. learning D. Interest D. applied to

第 II 卷
注意:将答案写在答题卡上,写在本试卷上无效。

第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第二节 (共 10 小题:每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 The adobe dwellings(土坯房) are admired by even 62 61 (build) by the Pueblo Indians of the American Southwest

most modern of architects and engineers. In addition to their simple 63 (able) to ―air condition‖a house

beauty, what makes the adobe dwellings admirable is their without 64

(use) electric equipment.Walls made of adobe take in the heat from the sun on hot 65 (slow) during cool nights,thus warning the house. When a new 66 (cool) the house 68 (go)

days and give out that heat

day breaks, the walls have given up their heat and are now cold enough during the hot day: 67

the same time, they warm up again for the night This cycle

day after day: The walls warm up during the day and cool off during the night and thus always a timely offset (抵消) for the outside temperatures. As out exactly 70 69 (nature) architects, the Pueblo Indians figured

thick the adobe walls needed to be to make the cycle work on most days.

61. __________ 66. __________

62. __________ 67. __________

63. __________ 68. __________

64. __________ 69. __________

65. __________ 70. __________

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第四部分 写作(共两节,满分 35 分) 第一节 短文改错(共 10 小题,每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。作文中共有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏子符号(∧)并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。

One day, little Tony went to a shopping center with his parent.It was very crowded. Tony saw a toy on a shop window. He liked it so very much that he quickly walked into the shop. After looks at the toy for some time, he turned around and found where his parents were missing. Tony was scared and begun to cry. A woman saw him crying and telling him to wait outside a shop. Five minutes later. Tony saw parents. Mom said,‖ How nice to see you again! Dad and I were terrible worried.‖ Tony promised her that this would never happen again.

第二节 书面表达(满分 25 分) 假如你是李华, 计划和同学去敬老院 (nursing home) 陪老人们过重阳节 (the Double Ninth Festival) 。 请给外教露西写封邮件,邀她一同前往,内容包括: 1.出发及返回时间; 2.活动:包饺子、表演节目等。

注意: 1.词数 100 左右; 2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯; 3.结语已为你写好。

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2015 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试
英 语(北京卷)

本试卷共 150 分。考试时间为 120 分钟。考生务必将答案答在答题卡上,在试卷上作答无效。 考试结束后,将本试卷和答题卡一并交回。

第一部分:听力理解(共三节,30 分) 第一节(共 5 小题;每小题 1.5 分,共 7.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一道小题,从每题所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项。听 完每段对话后,你将有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题,每段对话你将听一遍。

例:What is the man going to read? A.A newspaper B.A magazine C.A book 答案是 A

1.

What kind of music does the woman like? A.Classical music B. Rock music C. Country music

2.

Which sweater will the man take? A. The red one B. The blue one C. The yellow one

3.

How will the man pay? A. In cash B. By credit card C. By traveler‘s cheque

4.

Where are the woman‘s keys? A. In her pocket B. On the floor C. On the table

5.

What will the man probably do tonight? A. Read Chapter 4 B. Study in the library C. Watch the football match

第二节(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,共 15 分) 听下面 4 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几道小题,从每题所给的 A、B、C 三个选项 中选出最佳选项。听每段对话或独白前,你将有 5 秒钟的时间阅读每小题。听完后,每小题将给 出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白你将听两遍。 听第 6 段材料,回答第 6 至 7 题。 6. What is the relationship between the two speakers? - 25 -

A. Travel agent and customer B. Husband and wife C. Boss and secretary 7. When will the meetings end? A. At3:00pm. B. At 5:00pm. C. At 6:30pm.

听第 7 段材料,回答第 8 至 9 题。 8. Where is the foreign language section? A. In Row 3. 9. B. In Row 5. C. In Row 7

What does the man decide to borrow? A. Novels. B. Biographies. C. Magazines

听第 8 段材料,回答第 10 至 12 题。 10. Why dose the man make the call? A. To ask for information B. To make an appointment C. To send out an invitation 11. What sport is the man interested in? A. Football 12. B. Basketball C. Swimming

On what days is the sports center closed? A. Mondays B. Fridays C. Sundays

听第 9 段材料,回答第 13 至 15 题。 13. What is the speaker mainly talking about? A. Rules of the school B. Course requirements C. Notices of the new term. 14. Which club will meet on Wednesdays? A. Baseball 15. B. Dance C. Chess

When will the parents‘ evening for Year 8 be held? A. In September B. In October C. In November

第三节(共 5 小题;每小题 1.5 分,共 7.5 分) 听下面一段对话,完成第 16 至第 20 五道小题,每小题仅填写一个 词。听对话前,你将有 .. 20 秒钟的时间阅读试题,听完后你将有 60 秒钟的作答时间。这段对话你将听两遍。 - 26 -

Cell Phone Repair Form Customer’s Name Telephone No. Time of Purchase Problem Solution(解决方案) Thomas 17 18 1st,2015 19 16

Screen went

20 it up and check the inside

第二部分:知识运用(共两节,45 分) 第一节 单项填空(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,共 15 分) 从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上 将该项涂黑。 例:It‘s so nice to hear from her again. __________, we last met more than thirty years ago. A. What‘s more C. In other words 答案是 D。 B. That‘s to say D. Believe it or not

21.

__________ the early flight,we ordered a taxi in advance and got up very early. A. Catching B. Caught C. To catch D. Catch

22.

—Did you enjoy the party? —Yes.We __________ well by our hosts. A. were treated B. would be treated C. treated D. had treated

23.

The park was full of people __________ themselves in the sunshine. A. having enjoyed B. enjoyed C. enjoying D. to enjoy

24.

Opposite is St.Paul‘s Church, __________ you can hear some lovely music. A. which B. that C. when D. where

25.

He is a shy man, __________ he is not afraid of anything or anyone. A. so B. but C. or D. as

26.

In the last few years,China __________ great achievements in environmental protection. A. has made B. had made C. was making D. is making

27.

—Did you have difficulty finding Ann‘s house? —Not really.She __________ us clear directions and we were able to find it easily. A. was to give B. had given C. was giving D. would give

28.

You won‘t find paper cutting difficult __________ you keep practicing it. A. even though B. as long as - 27 C .as if D. ever since

29.

—Can‘t you stay a little longer? —It‘s getting late. I really __________ go now, My daughter is home alone. A. may B. can C. must D. dare

30.

—Dr. Jackson is not in his office at the moment. —All right. I __________ him later. A. will call B. have called C. call D. will be calling

31.

If __________ for the job, you‘ll be informed soon. A. to accept B. accept C. accepting D. accepted

32.

__________ the damage is done, it will take many years for the farmland to recover. A. Until B. Unless C. Once D. Although

33.

I truly believe __________ beauty comes from within. A. that B. where C. what D. why

34.

If I __________ it with my own eyes , I wouldn‘t have believed it. A. didn‘t see C. Wouldn‘t see B. weren‘t seeing D. hadn‘t seen

35.

__________ we understand things has a lot to do with what we feel. A. Where B. How C. Why D. When

第二节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,共 30 分) 阅读下面短文, 掌握其大意,从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项, 并在答题卡上讲该项 涂黑。 A Welcome Gift Dario and his mother loved their new apartment. The living room was large enough for their piano. That night, the two of them celebrate their new home. The loud The next morning, 38 36 37 side by side at the piano. They played jazz music to filled the room and made them feel very happy. 39

, their happiness disappeared. Someone had left a

under their door during the night. One of their neighbor had written to complain(抱怨) about the sound of the piano. Dario‘s mother asked the building superintendent(管理员) if he knew anything about it. But he said that they were all 40 people and he couldn‘t imagine any of them had done that. 41 and apologize for their

Later that morning, Dario suggested that they write a letter to their playing. ―Maybe we could go and 42

everyone in person.‖ his mother said. 43 instead? Dario asked.

―What if we invited them to come here for a They both loved the desserts 45 44

. Over the next few days, they sent out invitations and prepared

their guests. They decorated the apartment with streamers(彩带) and party lights. 46 . Some guests brought presents. Others brought flowers. 48 Dario‘s mother with a

Finally, the day of the party Some even brought desserts to 47

. One woman, Mrs. Gilbert, - 28 -

book of piano music by Chopin. ―I heard you playing the other night,‖ she said. ―The sounds woke me out of bed. I ___49___ that you might play like this every night. So I wrote a short note. I hope you don‘t think I disliked the playing.‖ Dario‘s mother smiled at Mrs. Gilbert. ―I think maybe we ―I didn‘t at night. ―You play, you play!‖ Mrs. Gilbert said. ―I like what you play! Just not so loud at night.‖ She pointed to the book she had given them. ―These songs are not such 52 music.‖ 53 to play them in 51 50 you an apology.‖ she said.

how late it was when we were playing. Maybe we should play some quieter music

―These songs are beautiful music.‖ Dario‘s mother said. ―We will be the evening.‖

―And we won‘t play so loud or late!‖ Dario said. He was already looking forward to ___54___ the new music. More than that, however, he was happy to see the big smile on his mother‘s face. It gave him a feeling of 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. 50. 51. 52. 53. 54. 55. A. sat A. voice A. therefore A. note A. proud A. neighbors A. blame A. party A. experience A. to A. continued A. order A. treated A. promised A. give A. realize A. sweet A. brave A. changing A. equality 55 and made him feel that they were home at last. B. stood B. ring B. however B. poster B. rich B. friends B. instruct B. concert B. idea B. with B. arrived B. sell B. presented B. admitted B. send B. remember B. strange B. sorry B. practicing B. freedom C. lay C. music C. otherwise C. bill C. lucky C. relatives C. question C. show C. performance C. for C. passed C. share C. helped C. agreed C. offer C. understand C. funny C. happy C. recording C. warmth D. walked D. cry D. instead D. report D. nice D. audience D. visit D. play D. action D. from D. finished D. advertise D. served D. worried D. owe D. accept D. loud D. afraid D. writing D. sympathy

第三部分:阅读理解 (共两节,共 20 分) 第一节(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,共 30 分) - 29 -

阅读下列短文:从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项,将正确的选项涂 在答题卡上。

A
The Boy Made It! One Sunday, Nicholas, a teenager, went skiing at Sugarloaf Mountain in Maine. In the early afternoon, when he was planning to go home, a fierce snowstorm swept into the area. Unable to see far, he accidentally turned off the path. Before he knew it, Nicholas was lost, all alone! He didn‘t have food, water, a phone, or other supplies. He was getting colder by the minute. Nicholas had no idea where he was. He tried not to panic. He thought about all the survival shows he had watched on TV. It was time to put the tips he had learned to use. He decided to stop skiing. There was a better chance of someone finding him if he stayed put. The first thing he did was to find shelter form the freezing wind and snow. If he didn‘t, his body temperature would get very low, which could quickly kill him.Using his skis, Nicholas built a snow cave. He gathered a huge mass of snow and dug out a hole in the middle. Then he piled branches on top of himself, like a blanket, to stay as warm as he could. By that evening, Nicholas was really hungry. He ate snow and drank water from a nearby stream so that his body wouldn‘t lose too much water. Not knowing how much longer he could last, Nicholas did the only thing he could — he huddled (蜷缩) in his cave and slept. The next day, Nicholas went out to look for help, but he couldn‘t find anyone. He followed his tracks and returned to the snow cave,because without shelter, he could die that night. On Tuesday,Nicholas went out again to find help. He had walked for about a mile when a volunteer searcher found him. After two days stuck in the snow, Nicholas was saved. Nicholas might not have survived this snowstorm had it not been for TV. He had often watched Grylls‘ survival show Man vs. Wild.That‘s where he learned the tips that saved his life. In each episode(一期节目) of Man vs. Wild, Grylls is abandoned in a wild area and has to find his way out.When Grylls heard about Nicholas‘ amazing deeds, he was super impressed that Nicholas had made it since he knew better than anyone how hard Nicholas had to work to stay alive.

56. What happened to Nicholas one Sunday afternoon? A. He got lost. B. He broke his skis. C. He hurt his eyes. D. He caught a cold. 57. How did Nicholas keep himself warm? A. He found a shelter. B. He lighted some branches. C. He kept on skiing. - 30 -

D. He built a snow cave. 58. On Tuesday, Nicholas __________. A. returned to his shelter safely. B. was saved by a searcher. C. got stuck in the snow D. stayed where he was 59. Nicholas left Grylls a very deep impression because he __________. A. did the right things in the dangerous situation. B. watched Grylls‘ TV program regularly C. created some tips for survival D. was very hard-working .

B
Revolutionary TV Ears TV Ears has helped thousands of people with various degrees of hearing loss hear the television clearly without turning up the volume(音量) and now it‘s better and more affordable than ever! With TV Ears wireless technology, you set your own headset volume, while other TV listeners hear the television at a volume level that‘s comfortable for them. You can even listen through the headset only and put the TV on mute(静音) if the situation calls for a quiet environment —maybe the baby is sleeping. Or perhaps you are the only one who is interested in listening to the ballgame. TV Ears patented technology includes a revolutionary noise reduction car tip, not used in any other commercially available headset. This tip reduces outside noise so that television dialogue is clear and understandable. Get the technology that has proven to help the most demanding customers. That‘s why TV Ears has earned the trust and confidence of audiologists(听觉学家) nationwide as well as world-famous doctors. Doctor Recommended TV Ears! ―My wife and I have used TV Ears almost daily for the past two years and find them a great help in our enjoyment of television . As a retired ear doctor, I heartily recommend TV Ears to people with normal hearing as well as those with hearing loss.‖ — Robert Forbes, M. D, CA Customer Recommended TV Ears! ― Now my husband can have the volume as loud as he needs and I can have the TV at my hearing level. TV Ears is so comfortable that Jack forgets he has them on ! He can once again hear and understand the dialogue.‖ — Darlene & Jack B, CA

Risk Free Trial! TV Ears comes with a 30-day risk free trial. - 31 -

Special Offer — Now $59.95. If you‘re not satisfied, return it. Money-back guarantee! Call now ! 800-123-7832

60. TV Ears helps you __________. A. improve your sleeping quality B. listen to TV without disturbing others C. change TV channels without difficulty D. become interested in ballgame programs 61. What makes TV Ears different from other headsets? A. It can easily set TV on mute B. Its headset volume is adjustable C. It has a new noise reduction ear tip D. It applies special wireless technology 62. This advertisement is made more believable by ______. A. using recommendations B. offering reasons for this invention C. providing statistics D. showing the results of experiments

C
Life in the Clear Transparent animals let light pass through their bodies the same way light passes through a window. These animals typically live between the surface of the ocean and a depth of about 3,300 feet—as far as most light can reach. Most of them are extremely delicate and can be damaged by a simple touch. Sonke Johnsen, a scientist in biology, says, ―These animals live through their life alone. They never touch anything unless they‘re eating it, or unless something is eating them.‖ And they are as clear as glass. How does an animal become see-through? It‘s trickier than you might think. The objects around you are visible because they interact with light. Light typically travels in a straight line. But some materials slow and scatter(散射) light, bouncing it away from its original path. Others absorb light, stopping it dead in its tracks. Both scattering and absorption make an object look different from other objects around it, so you can see it easily. But a transparent object doesn‘t absorb or scatter light, at least not very much, Light can pass through it without bending or stopping. That means a transparent object doesn‘t look very different from the surrounding air or water. You don‘t see it ----you see the things behind it. - 32 -

To become transparent, an animal needs to keep its body from absorbing or scattering light. Living materials can stop light because they contain pigments(色素) that absorb specific colors of light. But a transparent animal doesn‘t have pigments, so its tissues won‘t absorb light. According to Johnsen, avoiding absorption is actually easy. The real challenge is preventing light from scattering. Animals are built of many different materials----skin, fat, and more----and light moves through each at a different speed. Every time light moves into a material with a new speed, it bends and scatters. Transparent animals use different tricks to fight scattering. Some animals are simply very small or extremely flat. Without much tissue to scatter light, it is easier to be see—through. Others build a large, clear mass of non-living jelly-lie(果冻状的) material and spread themselves over it . Larger transparent animals have the biggest challenge, because they have to make all the different tissues in their bodies slow down light exactly as much as water does. They need to look uniform. But how they‘re doing it is still unknown. One thing is clear for these larger animals, staying transparent is an active process. When they die, they turn a non-transparent milky white.

63. According to Paragraph 1, transparent animals __________. A. stay in groups B. can be easily damaged C. appear only in deep ocean D. are beautiful creatures 64. The underlined word ―dead‖ in Paragraph 3 means __________. A. silently B. gradually C. regularly D. completely 65. One way for an animal to become transparent is to __________. A. change the direction of light travel B. gather materials to scatter light. C. avoid the absorption of light D. grow bigger to stop light. 66. The last paragraph tells us that larger transparent animals __________. A. move more slowly in deep water B. stay see-through even after death C. produce more tissues for their survival D. take effective action to reduce light spreading

D
Technological change is everywhere and affects every aspect of life, mostly for the better. - 33 -

However, social changes are brought about by new technology are often mistaken for a change in attitudes. An example at hand is the involvement of parents in the lives of their children who are attending college. Surveys (调查) on this topic suggests that parents today continue to be ―very‖ or ―somewhat‖ overly-protective even after their children move into college dormitories. The same surveys also indicate that the rate of parental involvement is greater today than it was a generation ago. This usually interpreted as a sign that today‘s parents are trying to manage their children‘s lives past the point where this behavior is appropriate. However, greater parental involvement does not necessarily indicate that parents are failing to let go of their ―adult‖ children. In the context (背景) of this discussion, it seems valuable to first find out the cause of change in the case of parents‘ involvement with their grown children. If parents of earlier generations had wanted to be in touch with their college-age children frequently, would this have been possible? Probably not. On the other hand, does the possibility of frequent communication today mean that the urge to do so wasn‘t present a generation ago? Many studies show that older parents—today‘s grandparents—would have called their children more often if the means and cost of doing so had not been a barrier. Furthermore, studies show that finances are the most frequent subject of communication between parents and their college children. The fact that college students are financially dependent on their parents is nothing new; nor are requests for more money to be sent from home. This phenomenon is neither good nor bad; it is a fact of college life, today and in the past. Thanks to the advanced technology, we live in an age of bettered communication. This has many implications well beyond the role that parents seem to play in the lives of their children who have left for college. But it is useful to bear in mind that all such changes come from the technology and not some imagined desire by parents to keep their children under their wings.

67. The surveys inform us of __________. A. the development of technology B. the changes of adult children‘s behavior C. the parents‘ over-protection of their college children D. the means and expenses of students‘ communication 68. The writer believes that__________. A. parents today are more protective than those in the past B. the disadvantages of new technology outweigh its advantages C. technology explains greater involvement with their children D. parents‘ changed attitudes lead to college children‘s delayed independence 69. What is the best title for the passage? - 34 -

A. Technology or Attitude B. Dependence or Independence C. Family Influences or Social Changes D. College Management or Communication Advancement 70. Which of the following shows the development of ideas in this passage?

第二节(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分。共 10 分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的七个选项中选出正确 的填入空白处。选项中有两项为多余选项。 This Way to Dreamland Daydreaming means people think about something pleasant, especially when this makes them forget what they should be doing. Daydreamers have a bad reputation for being unaware of what‘s happening around them. They can seem forgetful and clumsy. seem to be ignoring us and missing the important things. But daydreamers are also responsible for some of the greatest ideas and achievements in human history. inventions? So how can you come up with brilliant daydreams and avoid falling over tree roots or otherwise looking like a fool? First, understand that some opportunities(机会) for daydreaming are better than others. Feeling safe and relaxed will help you to slip into daydreams. 73 And if you want to improve your 72 Can you imagine what kind of world we would have without such ideas and 71 They annoy us because they

chances of having a creative idea while you‘re daydreaming, try to do it while you are involved in another task—preferably something simple, like taking a shower or walking, or even making meaningless drawings. It‘s also important to know how to avoid daydreams for those times when you really need to concentrate. ―Mindfulness‖, being focused, is a tool that some people use to avoid falling asleep. - 35 -

___74___ Finally, you never know what wonderful idea might strike while your mind has moved slowly away. 75 Always remember that your best ideas might come when your head is actually in the clouds. A. Having interesting things to think about also helps. B. They stare off into space and wander by themselves. C. Without wandering minds, we wouldn‘t have relatively, Coke or Post-it notes. D. At one time, daydreaming was thought to be a cause of some mental illnesses. E. It involves slow, steady breathing for self-control that helps people stay calm and attentive. F. Daydreams are often very simple and direct, quite unlike sleep dreams, which may be hard to understand. G. Therefore, it‘s a good idea to keep a notebook or voice recorder nearby when you‘re in the daydream zone.

第四部分:书面表达(共两节,35 分) 第一节(15 分) 假如你是红星中学高三李华,请给你的美国朋友 Jim 写一封信,告诉他你打算参加龙舟训 练营,希望他一起参加,邮件的内容包括: 1. 介绍训练营的相关内容(例如;时间,地点,参加者等); 2. 说明你打算参加的原因; 3. 询问对方的意向。 注意: 1. 词数不少于 50; 2. 开头和结尾已给出, 不计入总词数。 提示词:龙舟训练营 Dragon Boat Training Camp Dear Jim,

Yours, Li Hua

- 36 -

第二节 ( 20 分) 假设你是红星中学高三学生李华。请根据以下四幅图的先后顺序,介绍在―传统文化进校园‖活动 中,向面人艺术家学习捏面人的过程,并以―A Day with a Craftsman‖为题,给校刊―英语角‖写一篇 英文稿件。 注意: 词数不少于 60。 提示词: 一个面团 a piece of dough, 面人 dough figurine

____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ (请务必将作文写在答题卡指定区域内)

- 37 -

- 38 -

2015 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(天津卷)

英语

笔试

本试卷分第Ⅰ卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷(非选择题)两部分,共 130 分,考试时间 100 分钟。 答卷前,考生务必将自己的姓名、准考号填写在答题卡上,并在规定位置粘贴考试用条形码。 答卷时,考生务必将答案涂写在答题卡上,答在试卷上的无效。考试结束后,将本试卷和答题卡 一并收回。 祝各位考生考试顺利!

第Ⅰ卷
注意事项: 1. 每小题选出答案后,用铅笔将答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑,如需改动,用橡皮擦干 净后,再选涂其他答案标号。 2. 本卷共 55 小题,共 95 分

第一部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节:单项填空(共 15 小题,每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 例:Stand over there __________ you‘ll be able to see it better. A. or 答案是 B。 B. and C. but D. while

1.

—Sorry, Liz. I think I was a bit rude to you. —__________, but don‘t do that again! A. Go ahead C. It depends B. Forget it D. With pleasure

2.

The quality of education in this small school is better than __________ in some larger schools. A. that B. one C. it D. this

3.

Only when Lily walked into the office __________ that she had left the contract at home. A. she realized C. she has realized B. has she realized D. did she realize

4.

—Jack, you seem excited. —__________? I won the first prize A. Guess what C. Pardon me B. So what D. Who cares

5.

__________ in painting, John didn‘t notice evening approaching. A. To absorb - 39 B. To be absorbed

C. Absorbed 6.

D. Absorbing

Jane can‘t attend the meeting at 3 o‘clock this afternoon because she __________ a class at that time. A. will teach C. has taught B. would teach D. will be teaching

7.

I __________ have worried before I came to the new school, for my classmates here are very friendly to me. A. mightn‘t B. mustn‘t C. needn‘t D. couldn‘t

8.

__________ for two days, Steve managed to finish his report on schedule. A. To work C. To be working B. Worked D. Having worked

9.

Despite the previous rounds of talks, no agreement __________ so far by the two sides. A. has been reached C. will reach B. was reached D. will have reached

10.

Tom had to __________ the invitation to the party last weekend because he was too busy. A. turn in C. turn over B. turn down D. turn to

11.

If you have any doubts about your health, you‘d better __________ your doctor at once. A. convince B. consult C. avoid D. affect

12.

We need to get to the root of the problem __________ we can solve it. A. while B. after C. before D. as

13.

I wish I __________ at my sister‘s wedding last Tuesday, but I was on a business trip in New York then. A. will be C. have been B. would be D. had been

14.

See, your computer has broken down again! It doesn‘t __________ sense to buy the cheapest brand of computer just to save a few dollars. A. have B. make C. display D. bring

15.

The boss of the company is trying to create an easy atmosphere __________ his employees enjoy their work. A. where B. which C. when D. who

第二节:完形填空(共 20 小题:每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从 16~35 各题所给出的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中选出最 佳选项。 My fiance (未婚夫) and I were excited about shopping for our first home. But our funds were ___16___, and none of the houses in our price range seemed satisfactory. - 40 -

One agent price was 18

17

a house in particular. Although her description sounded wonderful, the 19 .

our range, so we declined. But she kept urging us to have a look 20

We finally did and it was

at first sight. It was Our Home, small and charming,

overlooking a quiet lake. Walking through the rooms and talking with the owners, a nice elderly couple, we felt the warmth and 21 of the marriage within that home. As perfect as it was, the price

remained too high for us. But every day, we would sit by the lake, looking at the house and dreaming of ___22___ it would be like to live there. Days later, we made a(n) ___24___ us. They renewed their offer ___26___ than the original asking price. The next day, we got a Even so, we decided to talk with the 27 28 message that another buyer had offered a much higher price. directly. We made our final offer, which 30 we had to try. 29 was 23 25 —far below the asking price. Surprisingly, they didn‘t . It was also much more than we could afford, but far

thousands of dollars less than the other buyer‘s bid. We knew it, ―Sold!‖ said the owner. Then he 31

: He‘d seen us sitting by the lake all those times; he 32 the years of work they had put into their

knew how much we loved the place and that we‘d home; he realized he would take a 33

by selling it to us, but it was worthwhile; we were the 34 in the price ―an early wedding

people they wanted to live there. He told us to consider the present.‖

That‘s how we found our home and how I learned that when people are strangers, only friends we haven‘t yet met. 16. A. needed 17. A. recommended 18. A. below 19. A. at least 20. A. relief 21. A. pride 22. A. which 23. A. effort 24. A. come across 25. A. instead 26. A. worse 27. A. relaxing 28. A. agents 29. A. already 30. A. so 31. A. apologized 32. A. check B. limited B. decorated B. within B. at most B. concern B. happiness B. why B. offer B. look after B. indeed B. better B. disappointing B. buyers B. still B. or B. complained B. analyze - 41 C. enough C. sold C. beyond C. at times C. love C. challenge C. that C. promise C. depend on C. aside C. less C. pleasant C. managers C. generally C. for C. criticized C. appreciate

35

they are not

D. large D. rented D. between D. at hand D. curiosity D. desire D. what D. profit D. laugh at D. apart D. higher D. regular D. owners D. ever D. but D. explained D. ignore

33. A. loss 34. A. increase 35. A. kind

B. risk B. difference B. polite

C. chance C. interest C. smart

D. lead D. average D. energetic

第二部分: 阅读理解(共 20 小题;每小题 2.5 分,满分 50 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

A
University Room Regulations Approved and Prohibited Items The following items are approved for use in residential (住宿的) rooms: electric blankets, hair dryers, personal computers, radios, televisions and DVD players. Items that are not allowed in student rooms include: candles, ceiling fans, fireworks, waterbeds, sun lamps and wireless routers. Please note that any prohibited items will be taken away by the Office of Residence Life. Access to Residential Rooms Students are provided with a combination (组合密码) for their room door locks upon check-in. Do not share your room door lock combination with anyone. The Office of Residence Life may change the door lock combination at any time at the expense of the resident if it is found that the student has shared the combination with others. The fee is $25 to change a room combination. Cooking Policy Students living in buildings that have kitchens are only permitted to cook in the kitchen. Students must clean up after cooking. This is not the responsibility of housekeeping staff. Kitchens that are not kept clean may be closed for use. With the exception of using a small microwave oven (微波炉) to heat food, students are not permitted to cook in their rooms. Pet Policy No pets except fish are permitted in student rooms. Students who are found with pets, whether visiting or owned by the student, are subject to an initial fine of $100 and a continuing fine of $50 a day per pet. Students receive written notice when the fine goes into effect. If, one week from the date of written notice, the pet is not removed, the student is referred to the Student Court. Quiet Hours Residential buildings must maintain an atmosphere that supports the academic mission of the University. Minimum quiet hours in all campus residences are 11:00 pm to 8:00 am Sunday through Thursday. Quiet hours on Friday and Saturday nights are 1:00 am to 8:00 am. Students who violate quiet hours are subject to a fine of $25.

36. Which of the following items are allowed in student rooms? A. Ceiling fans and waterbeds. B. Wireless routers and radios. - 42 -

C. Hair dryers and candles. D. TVs and electric blankets. 37. What if a student is found to have told his combination to others? A. The combination should be changed. B. The Office should be charged. C. He should replace the door lock. D. He should check out of the room. 38. What do we know about the cooking policy? A. A microwave oven can be used. B. Cooking in student rooms is permitted. C. A housekeeper is to clean up the kitchen. D. Students are to close kitchen doors after cooking. 39. If a student has kept a cat in his room for a week since the warning, he will face __________. A. parent visits C. the Student Court 40. When can students enjoy a party in residences? A. 7:00 am, Sunday. C. 11:30 pm, Monday. B. 7:30 am, Thursday. D. 00:30 am, Saturday. B. a fine of $100 D. a written notice

B
Whether in the home or the workplace, social robots are going to become a lot more common in the next few years. Social robots are about to bring technology to the everyday world in a more humanized way, said Cynthia Breazeal, chief scientist at the robot company Jibo. While household robots today do the normal housework, social robots will be much more like companions than mere tools. For example, these robots will be able to distinguish when someone is happy or sad. This allows them to respond more appropriately to the user. The Jibo robot, arranged to ship later this year, is designed to be a personalized assistant. You can talk to the robot, ask it questions, and make requests for it to perform different tasks. The robot doesn‘t just deliver general answers to questions; it responds based on what it learns about each individual in the household. It can do things such as reminding an elderly family member to take medicine or taking family photos. Social robots are not just finding their way into the home. They have potential applications in everything from education to health care and are already finding their way into some of these spaces. Fellow Robots is one company bringing social robots to the market. The company‘s ―Oshbot‖ robot is built to assist customers in a store, which can help the customers find items and help guide them to the product‘s location in the store. It can also speak different languages and make recommendations for different items based on what the customer is shopping for. - 43 -

The more interaction the robot has with humans, the more it learns. But Oshbot, like other social robots, is not intended to replace workers, but to work alongside other employees. ―We have technologies to train social robots to do things not for us, but with us,‖ said Breazeal.

41. How are social robots different from household robots? A. They can control their emotions. B. They are more like humans. C. They do the normal housework. D. They respond to users more slowly. 42. What can a Jibo robot do according to Paragraph 3? A. Communicate with you and perform operations. B. Answer your questions and make requests. C. Take your family pictures and deliver milk. D. Obey your orders and remind you to take pills. 43. What can Oshbot work as? A. A language teacher. C. A shop assistant. B. A tour guide. D. A private nurse.

44. We can learn from the last paragraph that social robots will __________. A. train employees C. improve technologies 45. What does the passage mainly present? A. A new design idea of household robots. B. Marketing strategies for social robots. C. Information on household robots. D. An introduction to social robots. B. be our workmates D. take the place of workers

C
One day when I was 12, my mother gave me an order: I was to walk to the public library, and borrow at least one book for the summer. This was one more weapon for her to defeat my strange problem — inability to read. In the library, I found my way into the ―Children‘s Room.‖ I sat down on the floor and pulled a few books off the shelf at random. The cover of a book caught my eye. It presented a picture of a beagle. I had recently had a beagle, the first and only animal companion I ever had as a child. He was my secret sharer, but one morning, he was gone, given away to someone who had the space and the money to care for him. I never forgot my beagle. There on the book‘s cover was a beagle which looked identical to my dog. I ran my fingers over the picture of the dog on the cover. My eyes ran across the title, Amos, the Beagle with a Plan. - 44 -

Unknowingly, I had read the title. Without opening the book, I borrowed it from the library for the summer. Under the shade of a bush, I started to read about Amos. I read very, very slowly with difficulty. Though pages were turned slowly, I got the main idea of the story about a dog who, like mine, had been separated from his family and who finally found his way back home. That dog was my dog, and I was the little boy in the book. At the end of the story, my mind continued the final scene of reunion, on and on, until my own lost dog and I were, in my mind, running together. My mother‘s call returned me to the real world. I suddenly realized something: I had read a book, and I had loved reading that book. Everyone knew I could not read. But I had read it. Books could be incredibly wonderful and I was going to read them. I never told my mother about my ―miraculous‖ (奇迹般地) experience that summer, but she saw a slow but remarkable improvement in my classroom performance during the next year. And years later, she was proud that her son had read thousands of books, was awarded a PhD in literature, and authored his own books, articles, poetry and fiction. The power of the words has held.

46. The author‘s mother told him to borrow a book in order to __________. A. encourage him to do more walking B. let him spend a meaningful summer C. help cure him of his reading problem D. make him learn more about weapons 47. The book caught the author‘s eye because __________. A. it contained pretty pictures of animals B. it reminded him of his own dog C. he found its title easy to understand D. he liked children‘s stories very much 48. Why could the author manage to read the book through? A. He was forced by his mother to read it. B. He identified with the story in the book. C. The book told the story of his pet dog. D. The happy ending of the story attracted him. 49. What can be inferred from the last paragraph? A. The author has become a successful writer. B. The author‘s mother read the same book. C. The author‘s mother rewarded him with books. D. The author has had happy summers ever since. 50. Which one could be the best title of the passage? A. The Charm of a Book - 45 B. Mum‘s Strict Order

C. Reunion with My Beagle

D. My Passion for Reading

D
Once when I was facing a decision that involved high risk, I went to a friend. He looked at me for a moment, and then wrote a sentence containing the best advice I‘ve ever had: Be bold and brave — and mighty (强大的) forces will come to your aid. Those words made me see clearly that when I had fallen short in the past, it was seldom because I had tried and failed. It was usually because I had let fear of failure stop me from trying at all. On the other hand, whenever I had plunged into deep water, forced by courage or circumstance, I had always been able to swim until I got my feet on the ground again. Boldness means a decision to bite off more than you can eat. And there is nothing mysterious about the mighty forces. They are potential powers we possess: energy, skill, sound judgment, creative ideas — even physical strength greater than most of us realize. Admittedly, those mighty forces are spiritual ones. But they are more important than physical ones. A college classmate of mine, Tim, was an excellent football player, even though he weighed much less than the average player. ―In one game I suddenly found myself confronting a huge player, who had nothing but me between him and our goal line,‖ said Tim. ―I was so frightened that I closed my eyes and desperately threw myself at that guy like a bullet — and stopped him cold.‖ Boldness — a willingness to extend yourself to the extreme—is not one that can be acquired overnight. But it can be taught to children and developed in adults. Confidence builds up. Surely, there will be setbacks (挫折) and disappointments in life; boldness in itself is no guarantee of success. But the person who tries to do something and fails is a lot better off than the person who tries to do nothing and succeeds. So, always try to live a little bit beyond your abilities—and you‘ll find your abilities are greater than you ever dreamed.

51. Why was the author sometimes unable to reach his goal in the past? A. He faced huge risks. B. He lacked mighty forces. C. Fear prevented him from trying. D. Failure blocked his way to success. 52. What is the implied meaning of the underlined part? A. Swallow more than you can digest. B. Act slightly above your abilities. C. Develop more mysterious powers. D. Learn to make creative decisions. 53. What was especially important for Tim‘s successful defense in the football game? - 46 -

A. His physical strength. C. His real fear. 54. What can be learned from Paragraph 5? A. Confidence grows more rapidly in adults. B. Trying without success is meaningless. C. Repeated failure creates a better life. D. Boldness can be gained little by little.

B. His basic skill. D. His spiritual force.

55. What is the author‘s purpose in writing this passage? A. To encourage people to be courageous. B. To advise people to build up physical power. C. To tell people the ways to guarantee success. D. To recommend people to develop more abilities.

第 II 卷
注意事项: 1.用黑色墨水的钢笔或签字笔将答案写在答题卡上。 2.本卷共 6 小题,共 35 分。

第三部分: 写作 第一节:阅读表达(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 阅读短文,并按照题目要求用英语回答问题。 Six days a week, up and down the red hills of northeast Georgia, my grandfather brought the mail to the folks there. At age 68, he retired from the post office, but he never stopped serving the community. On his 80th birthday, I sent him a letter, noting the things we all should be thankful for — good health, good friends and good outcomes. By most measurements he was a happy man. Then I suggested it was time for him to slow down. At long last, in a comfortable home, with a generous pension, he should learn to take things easy. ―Thank you for your nice words,‖ he wrote in his letter back, ―and I know what you meant, but slowing down scares me. Life isn‘t having it made; it‘s getting it made.‖ ―The finest and happiest years of our lives were not when all the debts were paid, and all difficult experiences had passed, and we had settled into a comfortable home. No. I go back years ago, when we lived in a three-room house, when we got up before daylight and worked till after dark to make ends meet. I rarely had more than four hours of sleep. But what I still can‘t figure out is why I never got tired, never felt better in my life. I guess the answer is, we were fighting for survival, protecting and providing for those we loved. What matters are not the great moments, but the partial victories, the - 47 -

waiting, and even the defeats. It‘s the journey, not the arrival, that counts.‖ The letter ended with a personal request: ―Boy, on my next birthday, just tell me to wake up and get going, because I will have one less year to do things — and there are ten million things waiting to be done.‖ Christina Rossetti, an English poet, once said: ―Does the road wind uphill all the way? Yes, to the very end.‖ Today, at 96, my grandfather is still on that long road, climbing.

56. What was the author‘s grandfather before he retired? (no more than 5 words)

57. What did the author advise his grandfather to do in his letter? (no more than 10 words)

58. What is the grandfather‘s view on life according to his letter back? (no more than 10 words)

59. How do you understand the underlined sentence in the last paragraph? (no more than 10 words)

60. Do you agree with the grandfather‘s view on life? Give reasons in your own words, (no more than 20 words)

第二节:书面表达(满分 25 分) 61. 假设你是晨光中学学生会主席李津,你校拟向美国友好交流学校的中文班捐赠一批图书。请 根据以下提示,写一封邮件与中文班班长 Chris 联系,并告知将于今年七月赴对方学校参加夏令 营时带去赠书。 (1)自我介绍; (2)拟捐赠图书的类型、册数、用途等; (3)询问对方的其他需求。 注意: (1)词数不少于 100; (2)请适当加入细节,使内容充实、行文连贯。 参考词汇: 学生会 the Student Union

Dear Chris,

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2015年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试

上海 英语试卷
考生注意:

1. 考试时间120分钟,试卷满分150分。 2. 本考试设试卷和答题纸两部分。试卷分为第I卷和第II卷。全卷共12页,所有答题必须涂(选择 题)或写(非选择题)的答题纸上,坐在试卷上一律不得分。 3. 答题前,务必在答题纸上填写准考证号和姓名,并将核对后的条形码贴在指定位置上,在答题 纸反面清楚地填写姓名。

第 I 卷
I. Listening Comprehension
Section A

(共103分)

Directions: In Section A, you will hear ten short conversations between two speakers. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. The conversations and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a conversation and the question about it, read the four possible answers on your paper, and decide which one is the best answer to the questions you have heard. 1. A. impatient 2. A. at a bus stop 3. A. An actor B. confused B. at a laundry B. A salesman C. pleased C. at the dentist‘s C. A translator D. regretful D. at the chemist‘s D. A writer

4. A. He lost his classmate‘s homework. B. He can‘t help the woman with her math. C. He broke the woman‘s calculator. D. He doesn‘t know where the ―on‖ button is. 5. A. The woman should go to another counter. B. The woman gives the man so many choices. C. The man dislike the sandwiches offered there. D. The man is having trouble deciding what to eat. 6. A. She has no idea where to find the man‘s exam result. B. She isn‘t allowed to tell students their grades. C. Dr. White hasn‘t finish grading the papers. D. Dr. White doesn‘t want to be contacted while he‘s away. 7. A. Move to a neat dormitory - 49 -

B. Find a person to share their apartment C. Clean the room with the roommate D. Write an article about their roommate 8. A. Bob won‘t take her advice B. Bob doesn‘t want to go abroad C. She doesn‘t think Bob should study overseas D. She hasn‘t talked to Bob since he went aboard 9. A. The snack bar isn‘t usually so empty. B. Dessert is served in the snack bar. C. The snack bar is near the library. D. Snacks aren‘t allowed in the library. 10. A. Take her bicycle to the repair shop. B. Leave her bicycle outside. C. Clean the garage after the rain stops. D. Check if the garage is dry.

Section B
Directions: In Section B, you will hear two short passages, and you will be asked three questions on each of the passages. The passages will be read twice, but the questions will be spoken only once. When you hear a question, read the four possible answers on your paper and decide which one would be the best answer to the question you have heard. Questions 11 through 13 are based on the following passage. 11. A. It helps care for customers‘ dogs. B. You have to buy food for dogs. C. None of the dogs are caged. D. There is a dog named Princess. 12. A. She likes the food there. B. She enjoys the fun with a pet. C. She can have free coffee. D. She doesn‘t like to be alone. 13. A. A new kind of cafe. B. A new brand of cafe. C. A new home for pets. D. A new way to raise pets.

Questions 14 through 16 are based on the following passage. 14. A. A trend that high achievers are given a lower salary. - 50 -

B. A view that life quality is more important than pay. C. A dream of the young for fast-paced jobs. D. A new term created by high achievers. 15. A. 10% B. 12% C. 6% D. 7%

16. A. People are less satisfied with their lives. B. The financial investment may increase. C. Well-paid jobs are not easy to find. D. Unexpected problems may arise.

Section C
Directions: In Section C, you will hear two longer conversations. The conversations will be read twice. After you hear each conversation, you are required to fill in the numbered blanks with the information you have heard. Write your answers on your answer sheet. Blanks 17 through 20 are based on the following conversation. Complete the form. Write NO MORE THAN ONE WORD for each answer. SRT Service Notes Account No.: Service Request: Solutions: 17 Check the 18 19 2 pm on 20

Send another

Blanks 21 through 24 are based on the following conversation. Complete the form. Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer. In what way are these climbers special? Why did they choose to conquer Mount Kilimanjaro? What did they do in time of difficulty? How did they record their adventure? They turned By keeping 23 24 . . They are all To prove 21 22 . .

II. Gr am ma r

and Vocabulary
Section A Directions: After reading the passages below, fill in the blanks to make the passages coherent and grammatically correct. For the blanks with a given word, fill in each blank with the proper form. of the given word; for the other blanks, use one word that best fits each blank.

(A)
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Gift from a stranger My local supermarket is always busy. The first parking space I found was convenient, but I'd noticed a woman in a blue car circling for a while. (25) ____________ I was in a good mood, I let her have it. On the edge of the car park I backed into the next available spot—it was a tight fit. Pretty soon I'd made my way through the supermarket and was back in the fresh air. Feeling good, I (26) ____________ (empty) my purse change into the hands of a homeless man and helped a struggling woman reverse park. Just as I approached my car, 1 saw the woman I'd let have my car space earlier. She was giving me (27) ____________ odd look—half puzzled, half intent (热切的). I smiled and wished her a pleasant day. As I squeezed back into my car, I spotted the same lady (28) ____________ (look) in at me. "Hello," she said, hesitantly. "This (29) ____________ sound crazy but I was on my way to drop some of my mother's things off at the charity bins.‖ You are just so much (30) ____________ her.‖ You helped those people, I noticed, and you seemed so happy.‖ She looked at me meaningfully and passed a box in through the window. ―I think she would like you to have it.‖ (31) ____________ (shock), I took it from her automatically. She smiled and walked away. After a pause, I opened the box. Inside was a beautiful gold necklace with a large grey pearl. It was (32) ____________ (nice) gift I'd ever received, and it was from a complete stranger. The necklace was around my neck, a warm reminder of human kindness.

(B)
Ask helpful Hannah Dear helpful Hannah, I‘ve got a problem with my husband, Sam. He bought a smart phone a couple of months ago and he took it on our recent ski vacation to Colorado, it was a great trip except for one problem. He has a constant urge (33) ____________ for next messages; he checks his phone every five minutes! He‘s so addicted to it that he just can‘t stand the idea (34) ____________ there may be an important text. He can‘t help checking even at inappropriate times like when we are eating in a restaurant and I am talking to him! He behaves (35) ____________ any small amount of boredom can make him feel the need to check his phone even when he know he shouldn‘t. The temptation to see (36) ____________ is connecting him is just too great. When I ask him to put down the phone and stop (37)____________ (ignore) me, he say, ―In a minute.‖ but still checks to see if (38) has posted

something new on the Internet. Our life (39) ____________ (interrupt). If we go somewhere and I ask him to have the phone at home, he suffers from withdrawal symptom. May this dependency on his smart phone has become more than an everyday problem. I recently read an article about ―nomophobia,‖ (40) ____________ is a real illness people can‘t suffer from the fear of being without your phone! I am worried that Sam maybe suffering from this illness because he feels anxious if he doesn‘t have his phone with him, even for a short time. - 52 -

Who would have thought that little devices like these could have brought so much trouble! Sick and Tired Sadie

Section B Directions: Complete the following passage by using the words in the box. Each word can only be used once. Note that there is one word more than you need. A. access G. function B. alternatives H. innovative C. assigned I. prospective D. confirmed J. separate E. conflicting K. supporting F. elements

Considering how much time people spend in offices, it is important that work be well designed. Well-designed office spaces help create a cooperation?s image. They motivate workers and they make an impression on people who visit and might be potential or, 41 , customer. They make businesses

work better, and they are a part of the corporate culture we live in. As we move away from an industrial-based economy to a knowledge-based one, office designers have come up with 42 to the traditional work environments of the past. The design

industry has moved away from a fixed office setup and created more flexible ―strategic management environments.‖ These 43 solutions are to meant to support better organizational performances.

As employee hierarchies (等级制度) have flattened or decreased, office designers? response to this change has been to move open-plain areas to more desirable locations within the office, and create fewer formal private offices. The need for increased flexibility has also been work station design. Offices and work spaces often are not 45 44 by changes in

to a given person on a permanent

basis because of changes to method of working, new designs allow for expansion or movement of desks, storage, and equipment within the workstation. Another important design goal is communication, which designers have improved by lowering the walls that created informal gathering places,and upgraded employees‘ as copy and coffee rooms. Corporate and institutional office designers often struggle to resolve a number of competing and often 48 demands, including budgetary limits, employee hierarchies, and technological innovation 46 47 workstations. Designers have also to heavily trafficked areas such

(especially in relation to computerization). These demands must also be balanced with the need to create interiors (内饰) that in some way enhance,establish,or promote a company?s image and will enable employees to 49 at their best. All these 50 of office design are related. The most

successful office designs are like a good marriage --the well-designed office and the employees that occupy it are seemingly made for each other.

III. Reading Comprehension
Section A - 53 -

Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context. If you studied pictures that ancient people left on rock walls and you tried to determine their meaning, you would not detect interest in romance among the artists. 51 , you would see plenty of

animals with people running after them. Life for ancient people‘s earned to center on hunting and gathering wild foods for meals. In modern times, when food is available in grocery stores, finding love is more people‘s lives. The 53 52 in

is all around us. It is easy to prepare a list of modern stories having to do

with love. An endless number of books and movies qualify as love stories in popular culture. Researchers are studying whether love, a highly valued emotional state, can be 54 . They

ask, what is love? Toothpaste companies want us to think attraction is all about clean teeth, but clean teeth go only so far. Scientists wonder how much the brain gets involved. You have probably heard that opposites attract but that stone. First Impression To help determine the 56 of attraction, researchers paired 164 college classmates and 55 attract, too. One thing is certain: The truth about love is not yet set in

had them talk for 3, 6 or 10 minutes so they could get a sense of each other‘s individuality. Then students were asked to 57 what kind of relationship they were likely to build with their partners.

After nine weeks, they reported what happened. As it turned out, their 58 judgements often held true. Students seemed to 59 at an

early stage who would best fit into their lives. The 60 Knows

Scientists have also turned to nonhumans to increase understanding of attraction. Many animals give off pheromones — natural chemicals that can be detected by, and then can produce a response in, other animals of the same species. Pheromones can signal that an animal is either ready to fight or is feeling 61 to partnerships. In contrast, humans do not seem to be as 62 as other animals at

detecting such chemicals. Smell, however, does seem to play a part in human attraction. Although we may not be aware of chemicals like pheromones consciously, we give and receive loads of information through smell in every interaction with other people. Face Value Being fond of someone seems to have a number of factors, including seeing something we find attractive. Researchers had people judge faces for 63 . The participants had 0.013 seconds to view

each face, yet somehow they generally considered the images the same as people who had more time to study the same faces. The way we 64 attractiveness seem to be somewhat automatic.

When shown an attractive face and then words with good or bad associations, people responded to 65 words faster after viewing an attractive face. Seeing something attractive seems to cause

happy thinking. - 54 -

51. A. Instead 52. A. romantic 53. A. priority 54. A. tested 55. A. appearances 56. A. illustrations 57. A. predict 58. A. critical 59. A. memorize 60. A. Nose 61. A. open 62. A. disappointed 63. A. emotion 64. A. enhance 65. A. familiar

B. Therefore B. stressful B. proof B. imposed B. virtues B. imaginations B. investigate B. initial B. distinguish B. Eye B. alert B. amazed B. attractiveness B. possess B. plain

C. Moreover C. central C. possibility C. changed C. similarities C. ingredients C. diagnose C. random C. negotiate C. Heart C. resistant C. confused C. individuality C. maintain C. positive

D. Otherwise D. beneficial D. principle D. created D. passions D. instructions D. recall D.mature D. question D. Hand D. superior D. gifted D. signals D. assess D. insulting

Section B Directions: Read the following three passages. Each passage is followed by several questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that fits best according to the information given in the passage you have just read.

(A)
Look to many of history‘s cultural symbols, and there you‘ll find an ancestor of Frosty, the snowman in the movie Frozen. It appeared on some of the first postcards, starred in some of the earliest silent movies, and was the subject of a couple of the earliest photos, dating all the way back to the 1800s. I discovered even more about one of humanity‘s earliest forms of life art during several years of research around the world. For example, snowmen were a phenomenon in the Middle Ages, built with great skill and thought. At a time of limited means of expression, snow was like free art supplies dropped from the sky. It was a popular activity for couples to leisurely walk through town to view the temporary works of chilly art. Some were created by famous artists, including a 19-year-old Michelangelo, who in 1494 was appointed by the ruler of Florence, Italy, to build a snowman in his mansion‘s courtyard. The Miracle of 1511 took place during six freezing works called the Winter of Death. The city of Brussels was covered in snowmen—an impressive scene that told stories on every street corner. Some were political in nature, criticizing the church and government. Some were a reflection of people‘s imagination. For the people of Brussels, this was a defining moment of defining freedom. At least until spring arrived, by which time they were dealing with damaging floods. - 55 -

If you fear the heyday of the snowman has passed, don‘t worry: I‘ve learned that some explosive snowman history is still being made today. Every year since 1818, the people of Zurich, Switzerland, celebrate the beginning of spring by blowing up a snowman. On the third Monday of April, the holiday Sechselauten is kicked off when a cotton snowman called the Boogg is stuffed with explosive and paraded through town by bakers and other tradesmen who throw bread to the crowds. The parade ends with the Boogg being placed on a 40-foot pile of firewood. After the bells of the Church of St. Peter have rung six times, representing the passing of winter, the pile is lit. When the snowman explodes, winter is considered officially over—the quicker it is burnt down, the longer summer is said to be.

66. According to the passage, why did snowmen become a phenomenon in the Middle Ages? A. People thought of snow as holy art supplies. B. People longed to see masterpieces of snow. C. Building snowmen was a way for people to express themselves. D. Building snowmen helped people develop their skill and thought. 67. ―The heyday of the snowman‖ (paragraph 4) means the time when __________. A. snowmen were made mainly by artists B. snowmen enjoyed great popularity C. snowmen were politically criticized D. snowmen caused damaging floods 68. In Zurich, the blowing up of the Boogg symbolizes __________. A. the start of the parade B. the coming of a longer summer C. the passing of the winter D. the success of tradesmen 69. What can be concluded about snowmen from the passage? A. They were appreciated in history B. They have lost their value C. They were related to movies D. They vary in shape and size

(B)

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70. In the film review, what is paragraph A mainly about? A. The introduction to the leading roles B. The writer‘s opinion of acting C. The writer‘s comments on the story D. The background information 71. According to the film review, ―monster‖ (paragraph B) refers to __________. A. a gun-crazy hunter B. a brainy dog C. a scary rabbit - 57 -

D. a giant vegetable 72. Which of the following is a reason why the writer recommends the film? A. It‘s full of wit and humour. B. Its characters show feelings without words. C. It is an adventure film directed by Peter Sallis. D. It is about the harmony between man and animals.

(C)
One of the executives gathered at the Aspen Institute for a day-long leadership workshop using the works of Shakespeare was discussing the role of Brutus in the death of Julius Caesar. ―Brutus was not an honorable man,‖ he said. ―He was a traitor(叛徒). And he murdered someone in cold blood.‖ The agreement was that Brutus had acted with cruelty when other options were available to him. He made a bad decision, they said—at least as it was presented by Shakespeare—to take the lead in murdering Julius Caesar. And though one of the executives acknowledged that Brutus had the good of the republic in mind, Caesar was nevertheless his superior. ―You have to endeavor,‖ the executives said, ―our policy is to obey the chain of command.‖ During the last few years, business executives and book writers looking for a new way to advise corporate America have been exploiting Shakespeare‘s wisdom for profitable ends. None more so than husband and wife team Kenneth and Carol Adelman, well-known advisers to the White House, who started up a training company called ―Movers and Shakespeares‖. They are amateur Shakespeare scholars and Shakespeare lovers, and they have combined their passion and their high level contacts into a management training business. They conduct between 30 and 40 workshops annually, focusing on half a dozen different plays, mostly for corporations, but also for government agencies. The workshops all take the same form, focusing on a single play as a kind of case study, and using individual scenes as specific lessons. In Julius Caesar , sly provocation (狡诈的挑唆)of Brutus to take up arms against the what was a basis for a discussion of methods of team building and grass roots organism. Although neither of the Adelmans is academically trained in literature, the programmes, contain plenty of Shakespeare tradition and background. Their workshop on Henry V, for example, includes a helpful explanation of Henry‘s winning strategy at the Battle of Agincourt. But they do come to the text with a few biases (偏向): their reading of Henry V minimizes his misuse of power. Instead, they emphasize the story of the youth who seizes opportunity and becomes a masterful leader. And at the workshop on Caesar, Mr. Adelmans had little good to say about Brutus, saying ―the noblest Roman of them all‖ couldn‘t make his mind up about things. Many of the participants pointed to very specific elements in the play that they felt related Caesar‘s pride, which led to his murder, and Brutus‘s mistakes in leading the after the murder, they said, raise vital questions for anyone serving as a business when and how do you resist the boss? - 58 -

73. According to paragraph 1, what did all the executives think of Brutus? A. Cruel. B. Superior. C. Honourable. D. Rude 74. According to the passage, the Adelmans set up ―Movers and Shakespeares‖ to __________. A. help executives to understand Shakespeare‘s plays better B. give advice on leadership by analyzing Shakespeare‘s plays C. provide case studies of Shakespeare‘s plays in literature workshops D. guide government agencies to follow the characters in Shakespeare‘s plays. 75. Why do the Adelmans conduct a workshop on Henry V? A. To highlight the importance of catching opportunities. B. To encourage masterful leaders to plan strategies to win. C. To illustrate the harm of prejudices in management. D. To warn executives against power misuse. 76. It can be inferred from the passage that __________. A. the Adelmans‘ programme proves biased as the roles of characters are maximized. B. executives feel bored with too many specific elements of Shakespeare‘s plays. C. the Adelmans will make more profits if they are professional scholars. D. Shakespeare has played an important role in the management field. 77. The best title for the passage is __________. A. Shakespeare‘s plays: Executives reconsider corporate culture B. Shakespeare‘s plays: An essential key to business success C. Shakespeare‘s plays: a lesson for business motivation D. Shakespeare‘s plays: Dramatic training brings dramatic results

Section C Directions: Read the passage carefully. Then answer the questions or complete the statements in the fewest possible words. Youth sport has the potential to accomplish three important objectives in children‘s development. First, sport programs can provide youth with opportunities to be physically active, which can lead to improved physical health. Second, youth sport programs have long been considered important to youth‘s psychosocial development, providing opportunities to learn important life skills such as cooperation, discipline, leadership, and self-control. Third, youth sport programs are critical for the learning of motor skills; these motor skills serve as a foundation for future national sport stars and recreational adult sport participants. When coachers develop activities for youth practices and when - 59 -

sport organizations design youth-sport programs, they must consider the implication of deliberate play and deliberate practice. Research from Telama (2006) states that regular participation in deliberate play or deliberate practice activities during childhood and youth (ages nine to eighteen) increases the likelihood of participation in sports during adulthood by six times for both males and females. C? té(2002) defines deliberate play activities in sport as those designed to maximize enjoyment. These activities are regulated by flexible rules adapted from standardized sport rules and are set up by the children or by an involved adult. Children typically change rules to find a point where their game is similar to the actual sport but still allows for play at their level. For example, children may change soccer and basketball rules to suit their needs and environment (e.g. in the street. on a playing field or in someone‘s backyard). When involved in deliberate play activities, children are less concerned with the outcome of their outcome of their behavior. (whether they win or lose) than with the behavior. (having fun). On the other hand, Ericsson (1993) suggests that the most effective learning occurs through involvement in highly structured activities defined as deliberate practice. Deliberate practice activities require effort, produce no immediate rewards, and are motivated by the goal of improving performance rather than the goal of enjoyment. When individuals are involved in deliberate play, they experiment with different combinations of behaviors, but not necessarily in the most effective way to improve performance. In contrast, when individuals are involved in deliberate practice, they exhibit behavior. focused on improving performance by the most effective means available. For example, the backhand skills in tennis could be learned and improved over time by playing matches or by creating fun practice situations. However, players could more effectively improve their backhand performance by practicing drills that might be considered less enjoyable. Although drills are used in most effective means available practice might not be the most enjoyable, they might be the most relevant to improving performance.

(Note: Answer the questions or complete the statements in NO MORE THAN TEN WORDS)

78. Besides the learning of motor skills, what are the other two important objectives of youth sport?

79. If children participate in deliberate play or deliberate practice activities, they are more likely to ___________________.

80. In deliberate play activities, what do children do to maximize enjoyment?

81. In contrast to deliberate play, deliberate practice is aimed at ___________________.

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第 II 卷 (共47分)
I. Translation
Directions: Translate the following sentences into English, using the words given in the brackets. 1. 美食是人们造访上海的乐趣之一。 (visit)

2. 街头艺术家运用创意将鲜艳明亮的色彩带进了老社区。 (bring)

3. 在你生命中,如果有一个人你需要对他说对不起,那么就去向他道歉吧。 (apology)

4. 这个游戏的独特之处在于它让孩子学会如何应对现实生活中的问题。 (what)

5. 申请材料需要精心准备, 这样你心仪的学校才会对你的能力有全面, 准确地了解。(in order that)

II. Guided Writing
Directions: Write an English composition in 120–150 words according to the instructions given below in Chinese. 学校即将举办―读书节‖,目前正广泛征集―读书节‖宣传册图片。假设你是该校学生潘阳,你 已找到以下三幅图片,决定给读书节组委会写一封信,推荐其中一幅,你的信须包括以下内容: 1. 简单描述你想推荐的那幅图片; 2. 阐述你用这幅图片宣传―读书节‖的理由。

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2015 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(广东卷)
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本试卷共三大题,满分 135 分。考试用时 120 分钟。 注意事项:1. 答卷前,考生务必用黑色字迹的钢笔或签字笔将自己的姓名、考生号、试室号和座 位号填写在答题卡上。用 2B 铅笔将试卷类型(B)填涂在答题卡相应位置上。将条 形码横贴在答题卡右上角―条形码粘贴处‖。 2. 选择题每小题选出答案后,用 2B 铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案信息点涂黑,如 需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案,答案不能答在试卷上。 3. 非选择题必须用黑色字迹钢笔或签字笔作答,答案必须写在答题卡各题目指定区域 内相应位置上;如需改动,先划掉原来的答案,然后再写上新的答案,不准使用铅 笔和涂改液。不按以上要求作答的答案无效。 4. 考生必须保持答题卷和答题卡的整洁,考试结束后,将试卷、答题卷和答题卡一并 交回。

I 语言知识及应用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节 完形填空(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从 1~15 各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中,选出最佳选项, 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 How long can human beings live? Most scientists who study old age think that the human body is 1 to live no longer than 120 years. However, 110 years is probably the longest that anyone 2 healthy and lucky. Some scientists even say we can live 3 . They wear out, and as

could hope to live —— if he or she is

as long as 130 years! Yet, our cells simply cannot continue to reproduce a result, we get old and 4 die. 5

Even though we can‘t live forever, we are living a

life than ever before. In 1900, the

average American life span (寿命) was only 47 years, but today it is 75 years! When does old age begin then? Sixty-five may be out-of-date as the 6 line between middle age 7 until

and old age. After all, many older people don‘t begin to experience physical and mental after age 75. People are living longer because more people 8

childhood. Before modern medicine 9 . Now that the chances

changed the laws of nature, many children died of common childhood of dying health care. On the whole, our population is getting older. The 11 10

are much lower, the chances of living long are much higher due to better diets and

in our population will have lasting

effects on our social development and our way of life. Some people fear such changes will be for the worse, while some see still active, and young in 12 13 , not disaster, many men and women in their ―golden years‖ are healthy, if not in age. 14 - 63 of our older citizens. With long lives ahead of

As the society grows old, we need the

them, they need to 1. A. designed 2. A. completely 3. A. rapidly 4. A. eventually 5. A. busier 6. A. finishing 7. A. stress 8. A. survive 9. A. problems 10. A. poor 11. A. changes 12. A. dreams 13. A. mind 14. A. protection 15. A. sound

15

active and devoted. C. improved C. apparently C. endlessly C. automatically C. richer C. waiting C. decline C. remember C. worries C. sick C. safety C. strengths C. voice C. contributions C. turn D. discovered D. extremely D. separately D. desperately D. happier D. dividing D. failure D. value D. diseases D. quiet D. increases D. choices D. movement D. permission D. stay

B. selected B. generally B. harmlessly B. hopelessly B. longer B. guiding B. damage B. enjoy B. fears B. young B. recovery B. chances B. appearance B. suggestions B. appear

第二节 语法填空(共 10 小题; 每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求 ,在空格处填入一个适当的词或使 用括号中词语的正确形式填空,并将答案填写在答题卡标号为 16-25 的相应位置上。 Mr. Johnson lived in the woods with his wife and children. He owned looked almost abandoned. 17 16 farm, which

(lucky), he also had a cow which produced milk every day. He 18 other food and made cheese and

sold or exchanged some of the milk in the towns nearly butter for the family with what day, the cow was eating grass away, she 21 19 20

(leave). The cow was their only means of support, in fact. One it began to rain heavily. While making great efforts to run 22 the

(fall) over the hill and died. Then the Johnson tried to make a living

cow. In order to support his family, Mr. Johnson began to plant herbs and vegetables. Since the plants took a while to grow, he started cutting down trees 23 (sell) the wood. Thinking about his

children‘s clothes, he started growing cotton too. When harvest came around, he was already selling herbs, vegetables and cotton in the market occurred to 25 24 people from the town met regularly. Now it

that his farm had much potential and that the death of the cow was a bit of luck.

16. __________ 21. __________

17. __________ 22. __________

18. __________ 23. __________

19. __________ 24. __________

20. __________ 25. __________

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II 阅读(共两节,25 题,满分 50 分) 第一节 阅读理解(共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂 黑。

A
Peter loved to shop used articles. Almost a month ago, he bought popular word game that used little pieces of wood with different letters on them. As he was purchasing it, the salesgirl said, ―Uh, look, the game box haven‘t even been opened yet. That might be worth some money. ‖ Peter examined the box, and, sure enough, it was completely covered in factory-sealed plastic. And he saw a date of 1973 on the back of the box. ―You should put that up for auction (拍卖) on the Internet, and see what happens.‖the salesgirl said. ―Yes, you‘re right. People like something rare.‖ Peter agreed, ―I can‘t imagine there being very many unopened boxes of this game still around 40 years later.‖ ―Don‘t forget to tell me if you sell it.‖ the salesgirl smiled. ―No problem.‖ Peter said. After he got home, Peter went online to several auction websites looking for his game. But he couldn‘t find it. Then he typed in the name of the word game and hit Search. The search result was 543 websites containing information about the changes of the game. Over the years, the game had been produced using letters in different sizes and game boards in different colors. He also found some lists of game fans looking for various versions of the game. Peter emailed some of them, telling them what he had. Two weeks later, Peter went back to the shop. ―Hello. Do you still remember the unopened word game?‖ The salesgirl looked at him for a second, then recognized him and said, ―Oh, hi!‖ ―I‘ve got something for you,‖ Peter said. ―I sold the game and made $1,000. Thank you for your suggestion.‖ He handed her three $ 100 bills. ―Wow!‖ the salesgirl cried out. ―Thank you, I never expected it.‖

26. Which of the following best describes Peter‘s word game? A. It was made around 40 years ago. B. It had game boards in different sizes. C. It was kept in a plastic bag with a seal. D. It had little pieces of wood in different colors. 27. What did the salesgirl probably think of Peter‘s word game? A. Old and handy. B. Rare and valuable. - 65 -

C. Classic and attractive. D. Colorful and interesting 28. Peter got the names of the game fans from __________. A. an auction B. the Internet C. a game shop D. the second-hand shop 29. What happened at the end of the story? A. Peter gave the girl $300 as a reward. B. The salesgirl became Peter‘s friend. C. Peter returned the word game for $ 1,000. D. The salesgirl felt confused to see Peter again. 30. What is the main theme of the story? A. It‘s important to keep a promise. B. It‘s great to share in other people‘s happiness. C. We should be grateful for the help from others. D. Something rare is worth a large amount of money.

B
When I was nine years old, I loved to go fishing with my dad. But the only thing that wasn‘t very fun about it was that he could catch many fish while I couldn‘t catch anything. I usually got pretty upset and kept asking him why. He always answered, ―Son, if you want to catch a fish, you have to think like a fish‖, I remember being even more upset then because, ―I‘m not a fish!‖ I didn‘t know how to think like a fish. Besides, I reasoned, how could what I think influence what a fish does? As I got a little older I began to understand what my dad really meant. So, I read some books on fish. And I even joined the local fishing club and started attending the monthly meetings. I learned that a fish is a cold-blooded animal and therefore is very sensitive to water temperature. That is why fish prefer shallow water to deep water because the former is warmer. Besides, water is usually warmer in direct sunlight than in the shade. Yet, fish don‘t have any eyelids(眼皮) and the sun huts their eyes… The more I understood fish, the more I became effective at finding and catching them.. When I grew up and entered the business world, I remember hearing my first boss say, ―We all need to think like sales people.‖ But it didn‘t completely make sense. My dad never once said, ―If you want to catch a fish you need to think like a fisherman.‖ What he said was, ―You need to think like a fish.‖ Years later, with great efforts to promote long-term services to people much older and richer than me, I gradually learned what we all need is to think more like customers. It is not an easy job. I will show you how in the following chapters.

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31. Why was the author upset in fishing trips when he was nine? A. He could not catch a fish. B. His father was not patient with him. C. His father did not teach him fishing. D. He could not influence a fish as his father did. 32. What did the author‘s father really mean? A. To read about fish. B. To learn fishing by oneself. C. To understand what fish think. D. To study fishing in many ways. 33. According to the author, fish are most likely to be found __________. A. in deep water on sunny days B. in deep water on cloudy days C. in shallow water under sunlight D. in shallow water under waterside trees. 34. After entering the business world, the author found __________. A. it easy to think like a customer B. his father‘s fishing advice inspiring C. his first boss‘s sales ideas reasonable D. it difficult to sell services to poor people 35. This passage most likely comes from _________. A. a fishing guide B. a popular sales book C. a novel on childhood D. a millionaire‘s biography

C
Daniel Anderson, a famous psychologist, believes it‘s important to distinguish television‘s influences on children from those of the family. We tend to blame TV, he says, for problems it doesn‘t really cause, overlooking our own roles in shaping children‘s minds. One traditional belief about television is that it reduces a child‘s ability to think and to understand the world. While watching TV, children do not merely absorb words and images (影像). Instead, they learn both explicit and hidden meanings from what they see. Actually, children learn early the psychology of characters in TV shows. Furthermore, as many teachers agree, children understand far more when parents watch TV with them, explaining new words and ideas. Yet, most parents use an educational program as a chance to park their kids in front of the set and do something in another room. Another argument against television is that it replaces reading as a form of entertainment. But - 67 -

according to Anderson, the amount of time spent watching television is not related to reading ability. TV doesn‘t take the place of reading for most children; it takes the place of similar sorts of recreation, such as listening to the radio and playing sports. Things like parents‘ educational background have a stronger influence on a child‘s reading. ―A child‘s reading ability is best predicted by how much a parent reads.‖ Anderson says. Traditional wisdom also has it that heavy television-watching lowers IQ (智商) scores and affects school performance. But here, too, Anderson notes that no studies have proved it. In fact, research suggests that it‘s the other way around. ―If you‘re smart young, you‘ll watch less TV when you‘re older,‖ Anderson says. Yet, people of lower IQ tend to be lifelong television viewers. For years researchers have attempted to show that television is dangerous to children. However, by showing that television promotes none of the dangerous effects as conventionally believed, Anderson suggests that television cannot be condemned without considering other influences.

36. By watching TV, children learn __________. A. images through words B. more than explicit meanings C. more about images than words D. little about people‘s psychology 37. An educational program is best watched by a child __________. A. on his own B. with other kids C. with his parents D. with his teachers 38. Which of the following is most related to children‘s reading ability? A. Radio-listening B. Television-watching C. Parents‘ reading list D. Parents‘ educational background 39. Anderson believed that __________. A. the more a child watches TV, the smarter he is B. the younger a child is, the more he watches TV C. the smarter a child is, the less likely he gets addicted to TV D. the less a child watches TV, the better he performs at school 40. What is the main purpose of the passage? A. To advise on the educational use of TV. B. To describe TV‘s harmful effects on children. C. To explain traditional views on TV influences. - 68 -

D. To present Anderson‘s unconventional ideas.

D
It was once common to regard Britain as a society with class distinction. Each class had unique characteristics. In recent years, many writers have begun to speak the 'decline of class' and 'classless society' in Britain. And in modern day consumer society everyone is considered to be middle class. But pronouncing the death of class is too early. A recent wide-ranging society of public opinion found 90 percent of people still placing themselves in particular class; 73 percent agreed that class was still a vital part of British society; and 52 percent thought there were still sharp class differences. Thus, class may not be culturally and politically obvious, yet it remains an important part of British society. Britain seems to have a love of stratification. One unchanging aspect of a British person's class position is accent. The words a person speaks tell her or his class. A study of British accents during 1970s found that a voice sounding like a BBC newsreader was viewed as the most attractive voice, Most people said this accent sounded 'educated' and 'soft'. The accents placed at the bottom in this study, on the other hand, were regional(地区的)city accents. These accents were seen as 'common' and 'ugly'. However, a similar study of British accents in the US turned these results upside down and placed some regional accents as the most attractive and BBC English as the least. This suggests that British attitudes towards accent have deep roots and are based on class prejudice. In recent years, however, young upper middle-class people in London, have begun to adopt some regional accents, in order to hide their class origins. This is an indication of class becoming unnoticed. However, the 1995 pop song 'Common People' puts forward the view that though a middle-class person may 'want to live like common people' they can never appreciate the reality of a working-class life.

41. A recent study of public opinion shows that in modern Britain __________. A. it is time to end class distinction B. most people belong to middle class C. it is easy to recognize a person‘s class D. people regard themselves socially different 42. The word stratification in Paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to __________. A. variety B. most people belong to middle class C. authority D. qualification 43. The study in the US showed that BBC English was regarded as __________. - 69 -

A. regional B. educated C. prejudiced D. unattractive 44. British attitudes towards accent __________. A. have a long tradition B. are based on regional status C. are shared by the Americans D. have changed in recent years 45. What is the main idea of the passage? A. The middle class is expanding B. A person‘s accent reflects his class C. Class is a key part of British society D. Each class has unique characteristics.

第二节 信息匹配(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 请阅读下列应用文及相关信息,并按照要求匹配信息。请在答题卡上将对应题号的相应选项 字母涂黑。 首先阅读下列活动介绍:

A. A Night of Glamor and Intrigue at Shanghai Bund in 1930

B.

To celebrate Asia heritage month, Trendy New York is proud to present ―Cheongsam Night out--A date with Cheongsam beauties in Shanghai Bund 1930‖. May 16, 9:00 PM-May 17, 12:00 AM. EDT 330 West 40th Street, New York. NY 10018

Picking Partners---NEW YORK
Featuring adaptations from Chinese and Western classic, including works from Chinese Academy Award---winning composer Tan Dun, the Beijing - 70 -

Guitar Duo teamed up with Cuban guitar virtuoso Manuel Barrueco (right) for a China West Concert at the New York Historical Society on April 23.

C. Heroes of History: Legacy of My Chinese Family

D.

Join us as actress Tina Chen recounts the fascinating story of three generations of her mother‘s family and their contributions to the history of China. Friday, May 8, 6:30PM--7:30PM China Institute 125 East 65th Street, New York, NY 10065

Great shorts---NEW YORK
A photography exhibition held by HAN Media to celebrate its founding in New York City on April 24, featuring three emerging Chinese

photographers; Yingxi Michael Shi, Haiyin Lin and Liming Guan, whose works have appeared in publications such as Vogue, ELLE, The New York Times and others.

E.

F. Passing on the Kunqu Art: From Master to Disciples
Kunqu Society, the classical

Chinese theater which combines singing, dancing and to works

Forbidden delights---NEW YORK
The first session of the China Institute in America short course Beijing: The City Through Its Architecture opens on Wednesday. Nancy S. Steinhardt discusses the Forbidden City and Beijing‘s imperial architecture.

acting literary

by masters of Ming and Qing Dynasties, performing introduces four signature plays of Kunqu Master Jiqing Zhang to American

audiences. Sunday, April 19, 2:00PM, EST Miller Theatre at Columbia University - 71 -

2960 Broadway, New York, NY 10027

请根据以下人物介绍选择他们可能参加的活动: 46. Edward Leonardo Norton, connoisseur of Chinese and Japanese antiques. He has a strong interest in classical Chinese literary works. He even starts going to evening classes to learn classical Chinese at Columbia University. 47. Daphne Sui-yuan Tan, former director of National Association of Photographers. After reading some history books on how the first group of Chinese immigrants survived in America of the 19th century, she has become keen on her own family history and that of others.

48. Sharon Collins, pop singer and amateur photographer. Her marriage with a serious music critic has drawn her to his world, so she is now crazy about classical music and will not miss any chance to attend a concert with her husband.

49. Michelle Higgins, eminent photographer and columnist for quite a few internationally-known travel magazines. Recently, she has shown great interest in photo exhibits which feature young artists with Islamic or Chinese background.

50. Caroline Hugo, famous writer and influential movie critic. Last year her fantasy story which involved the mysterious Forbidden City received critical acclaim. Now she is conceiving a romance that has Shanghai of the 1930s as the setting.

III 写作(共两节, 满分 40 分) 第一节 基础写作(共 1 小题,满分 15 分) 你接受了一项写作任务,为英语校报写一篇科技报道。 [写作内容] 请根据以下信息,介绍国外医疗行业出现的一项新技术。内容包括: 技术名称:DNA 检测 检测方法:唾液样本分析 检测费用:125 英镑 检测时长:4 到 6 周 检测用途: 1. 预测重大疾病 2. 预知食物偏好 3. 提示合适的锻炼方式 检测影响: 1. 增强健康意识 2. 易引起过度焦虑 *唾液样本:saliva sample - 72 -

[写作要求] 只能用 5 个句子表达全部内容; [评分标准] 句子结构准确,信息内容完整,篇章连贯。

第二节 读写任务(共 1 小题,满分 25 分) 阅读下面短文,然后按照要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短文。 On the first day of her work, Sally found that a class full of problems was waiting for her. Six teachers had quit before her. When she walked in to the classroom, it was chaos: two boys were fighting in the far corner, yet the rest of the class seemed not to notice them; some girls were chatting and some were running about; paper, food packages and other garbage were littered around.... Just when she was about to speak, a student rushed in and pushed her aside! He was twenty minutes late! Sally walked onto the platform, picked up a piece of chalk and wrote on the blackboard: ―Rule 1: We are family! ― All students stopped to look at her. And she continued with Rule 2, Rule 3… In the following weeks, Sally worked out 10 class rules and posted them on the walls of the classroom. She patiently explained all the rules to the students and require everyone to follow them. Surprisingly, Sally was not driven out like the former teachers; instead, she won respect from the students. Over the year, she witnessed gradual change in the class. At the graduation ceremony, just as she expected, she was very proud to stand with a class of care, manners and confidence. [写作内容] 1. 用约 30 个词概括上文的主要内容。 2. 用约 120 个词就班规谈谈你的想法,内容包括: (1) 你们班最突出的问题是什么? (2) 针对该问题你会设计一条什么班规? (3)你认为班规会带来什么影响? [写作要求] 1. 作文中可以使用亲身经历或虚构的故事,也可以参照阅读材料的内容,但不得直接引用原 文的句子。 2. 作文中不得出现真实姓名和学校名称。 [评分标准] 概括准确,语言规范,内容合适,篇章连贯。

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2015 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(江苏卷)


注 意


事 项

考生在答题前请认真阅读本注意事项及各题答题要求 1. 本试卷包含选择题(第 1 题~第 70 题,共 70 题)和非选择题(第 71 题~第 81 题,共 11 题)两部分。本 试卷满分为 120 分,考试时间为 120 分钟。考试结束后,请将本试卷和答题卡一并交回。 2. 答题前,请务必将自己的姓名、准考证号用 0.5 毫米黑色墨水笔填写在试卷及答题卡的规定位置上。 3. 请认真核对监考员在答题卡上所粘贴的条形码上的姓名、准考证号与本人是否相符。 4. 作答选择题, 必须用 2B 铅笔将答题卡上对应选项的方框涂满、 涂黑; 如需改动, 请用橡皮檫干净后, 再选涂其他答案。作答非选择题,必须用 0.5 毫米黑色墨水签字笔在答题卡上指定位置作答,在其他 位置作答一律无效。

第一部分 听力(共两节,满分 20 分) 做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。 录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到 答题卡上。

第一节(共 5 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 5 分) 听下面 5 段对话。 每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项, 并标在试卷的相应位置。 听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小 题。 每段对话仅读一遍。 例: How much is the shirt? A. ?19.15 答案是 C。 B. ?9.18 C. ?9.15

1.

1. What time is it now? A. 9:10 B. 9:50 C. 10:00

2.

What does the woman think of the weather? It‘s nice. It‘s warm It‘s cold.

3.

What will the man do? A. Attend a meeting. B. Give a lecture C. Leave his office.

4.

What is the woman‘s opinion about the course?

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A. Too hard 5.

B. Worth taking.

C. Very easy.

What does the woman want the man to do? A. Speak louder B. Apologize to her. C. Turn off the radio.

第二节 (共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 听下面 5 段对话或独白。 每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选 出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。 听每段对话或独白前 ,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题 5 秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。 每段对话或独白读两遍。
听第 6 段材料,回答第 6、7 题。 6. How long did Michael stay in China? A. Five days. 7. Where did Michael go last year? A. Russia B. Norway C. India B. One week. C. Two weeks.

听第 7 段材料,回答第 8、9 题。 8. What food does Sally like? A. Chicken. 9. What are the speakers going to do? A. Cook dinner. C. Go shopping. C. Order dishes. B. Fish. C. Eggs.

听第 8 段材料,回答第 10 至 12 题。 10. Where are the speakers? A. In a hospital. 11. When is the report due? A. Thursday. 12. B. Friday. C. Next Monday. B. In the office. C. At home.

What does George suggest Stephanie do with the report? A. Improve it. B. Hand it in later. C. Leave it with him.

听第 9 段材料,回答第 13 至 16 题。 13. What is the probable relationship between the speakers? A. Salesperson and customer. B. Homeowner and cleaner. C. Husband and wife. 14. What kind of apartment do the speakers prefer? A. One with two bedroom.

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B. One without furniture. C. One near a market. 15. How much rent should one pay for the one-bedroom apartment? A. $350. 16. B. $400. C. $415.

Where is the apartment the speakers would like to see? A. On Lake Street B. On Market Street. C. On South Street.

听第 8 段材料,回答第 10 至 12 题。 17. What percentage of the world‘s tea exports go to Britain? A. About 15%. 18. B. About 30%. C. Over 40%.

Why do tea tasters taste tea with milk? A. Most British people drink that way. B. Tea tastes much better with milk. C. Tea with milk is healthy.

19.

Who suggests a price for each tea? A. Tea tasters. B. Tea exporters. C. Tea companies.

20.

What is the speaker talking about? A. The life of tea tasters. B. Afternoon tea in Britain. C. The London Tea Trade Centre.

第二部分: 英语知识运用 (共两节, 满分 35 分) 第一节: 单项填空 (共 15 小题; 每小题 1 分, 满分 15 分) 请阅读下面各题, 从题中所给的 A、 B、 C、 D 四个选项中, 选出最佳选项, 并在答题卡上将 该项涂黑。 例: It is generally considered unwise to give a child __________ he or she wants. A. however 答案是 B。 B. whatever C. whichever D. whenever

21. The number of smokers, __________ is reported, has dropped by 17 percent in just one year. A. it B. which C. what D. as

22. Schools should be lively places where individuals are encouraged to _____ to their greatest potential. A. accelerate B. improve C. perform D. develop

23. —Jim, can you work this Sunday? - 77 -

—__________? I‘ve been working for two weeks on end. A. Why me B. Why not C. What if D. So what

24. Much time __________ sitting at a desk, office workers are generally troubled by health problems. A. being spent B. having spent C. spent D. spending

25. __________ Li Bai, a great Chinese poet, was born is known to the public, but some won‘t accept it. A. That B. Why C. Where D. How

26. It is so cold that you can‘t go outside __________ fully covered in thick clothes. A. if B. unless C. once D. when

27. The university started some new language programs to __________ the country‘s Silk Road Economic Belt. A. apply to B. cater for C. appeal to D. hunt for

28. It might have saved me some trouble __________ the schedule. A. did I know B. have I known C. do I know D. had I known

29. The whole team _____ Cristiano Ronaldo, and he seldom lets them down. A. wait on B. focus on C. count on D. call on

30. The real reason why prices __________ , and still are, too high is complex, and no short discussion can satisfactorily explain this problem. A. Were B. will be C. have been D. had been

31. The police officers decided to conduct a thorough and __________ review of the case. A. comprehensive B. complicated C. Conscious D. crucial

32. Some schools will have to make __________ in agreement with the national soccer reform. A. judgments B. adjustments C. comments D. achievements

33. —Why didn‘t you invite John to your birthday party? —Well, you know he‘s __________. A. an early bird B. a wet blanket C. a lucky dog D. a tough nut

34. Many of the things we now benefit from would not be around __________ Thomas Edison. A. thanks to B. regardless of C. aside from D. but for

35. —Go and say sorry to your Mom, Dave. —I‘d like to, but I‘m afraid she won‘t be happy with my __________. A. requests B. excuses C. apologies D. regrets

第二节: 完形填空 (共 20 小题; 每小题 1 分, 满分 20 分) 请阅读下面短文, 从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中, 选出最佳选项, 并在答题卡 上将该项涂黑。 I was required to read one of Bernie Siegel‘s books in college and was hooked on his positivity from that moment on. The stories of his unconventional wrote about were so 37 to me and had such a big - 78 36 38 and the exceptional patients he on how I saw life from then

on.Who knew that so many years later I would look to Dr. Bernie and his CDs again to own cancer experience? I‘m an ambitious I‘m a very 41 40

39

my

, and when I started going through chemo (化疗) , even though 42 . One

person, I lost my drive to write. I was just too tired and not in the 43

day,while waiting to go in for

, I had one of Dr. Bernie‘s books in my hand. Another patient 45 he had one of his books

___44___ what I was reading and struck up a conversation with me with him as well. It 46

that among other things, he was an eighty-year-old writer. He was 48 49 50 on a new book. friends. Sometimes he wore a duck of Dr. Bernie. He really put a ___51___ 53 55 he left a deep impression to myself, ―If he can do it,

___47___ a published author, and he was currently We would see each other at various times and hat, and I would tell myself, he was definitely a(n) on my face.He unfortunately on me and gave me the then so can I.‖ 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. 50. 51. 52. 53. 54. 55. A. tastes A. amazing A. strike A. learn from A. reader A. positive A. mood A. advice A. viewed A. while A. came out A. naturally A. deciding A. became A. patient A. sign A. showed up A. since A. guidance A. promised B. ideas B. shocking B. push B. go over B. writer B. agreeable B. position B. reference B. knew B. because B. worked out B. merely B. investing B. helped B. operator B. smile B. set off B. but B. trust B. swore 54 52

last year due to his cancer, to pick up my pen again. I

C. notes C. amusing C. challenge C. get through C. editor C. humorous C. state C. protection C. noticed C. although C. proved out C. hopefully C. working C. missed C. fan C. mark C. fell down C. so C. opportunity C. thought

D. memories D. strange D. impact D. refer to D. doctor D. honest D. way D. treatment D. wondered D. providing D. turned out D. actually D. relying D. visited D. publisher D. mask D. passed away D. for D. inspiration D. replied

第三部分: 阅读理解 (共 15 小题; 每小题 2 分, 满分 30 分) 请阅读下列短文, 从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中, 选出最佳选项, 并在答 题卡上将该项涂黑. - 79 -

A

56. According to the Code, visitors should act __________. A. with care and respect B. with relief and pleasure C. with caution and calmness D. with attention and observation 57. What are you encouraged to do when travelling in New Zealand? - 80 -

A. Take your own camping facilities. B. Bury glass far away from rivers. C. Follow the track for the sake of plants. D. Observe signs to approach nesting birds.

B
In the United States alone, over 100 million cell-phones are thrown away each year. Cell-phones are part of a growing mountain of electronic waste like computers and personal digital assistants. The electronic waste stream is increasing three times faster than traditional garbage as a whole. Electronic devices contain valuable metals such as gold and silver. A Swiss study reported that while the weight of electronic goods represented by precious metals was relatively small in comparison to total waste, the concentration (含量) of gold and other precious metals was higher in e-waste than in naturally occurring minerals. Electronic wastes also contain many poisonous metals. Even when the machines are recycled and the harmful metals removed, the recycling process often is carried out in poor countries, in practically uncontrolled ways which allow many poisonous substances to escape into the environment. Creating products out of raw materials creates much more waste material, up to 100 times more, than the material contained in the finished products. Consider again the cell-phone, and imagine the mines that produced those metals, the factories needed to make the box and packaging(包装) it came in. Many wastes produced in the producing process are harmful as well. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency notes that most waste is dangerous in that ―the production, distribution, and use of products — as well as management of the resulting waste — all result in greenhouse gas release.‖ Individuals can reduce their contribution by creating less waste at the start — for instance, buying reusable products and recycling. In many countries the concept of extended producer responsibility is being considered or has been put in place as an incentive (动机) for reducing waste. If producers are required to take back packaging they use to sell their products, would they reduce the packaging in the first place? Governments‘ incentive to require producers to take responsibility for the packaging they produce is usually based on money. Why, they ask, should cities or towns be responsible for paying to deal with the bubble wrap (气泡垫) that encased your television? From the governments‘ point of view, a primary goal of laws requiring extended producer responsibility is to transfer both the costs and the physical responsibility of waste management from the government and tax-payers back to the producers. So-called

58. By mentioning the Swiss study, the author intends to tell us that __________. A. the weight of e-goods is rather small B. E-waste deserves to be made good use of - 81 -

C. natural minerals contain more precious metals D. the percentage of precious metals is heavy in e-waste 59. The responsibility of e-waste treatment should be extended __________. A. from producers to governments B. from governments to producers C. from individuals to distributors D. from distributors to governments 60. What does the passage mainly talk about? A. The increase in e-waste. B. The creation of e-waste. C. The seriousness of e-waste. D. The management of e-waste.

C
Suppose you become a leader in an organization. It‘s very likely that you‘ll want to have volunteers to help with the organization‘s activities. To do so, it should help to understand why people undertake volunteer work and what keeps their interest in the work. Let‘s begin with the question of why people volunteer. Researchers have identified several factors that motivate people to get involved. For example, people volunteer to express personal values related to unselfishness, to expand their range of experiences, and to strengthen social relationships. If volunteer positions do not meet these needs, people may not wish to participate. To select volunteers, you may need to understand the motivations of the people you wish to attract. People also volunteer because they are required to do so. To increase levels of community service, some schools have launched compulsory volunteer programs. Unfortunately, these programs can shift people‘s wish of participation from an internal factor (e.g., ―I volunteer because it‘s important to me‖) to an external factor (e.g., ―I volunteer because I‘m required to do so‖). When that happens, people become less likely to volunteer in the future. People must be sensitive to this possibility when they make volunteer activities a must. Once people begin to volunteer, what leads them to remain in their positions over time? To answer this question, researchers have conducted follow-up studies in which they track volunteers over time. For instance, one study followed 238 volunteers in Florida over a year. One of the most important factors that influenced their satisfaction as volunteers was the amount of suffering they experienced in their volunteer positions. Although this result may not surprise you, it leads to important practical advice. The researchers note that attention should be given to ―training methods that would prepare volunteers for troublesome situations or provide them with strategies for coping with the problem they do experience‖. Another study of 302 volunteers at hospitals in Chicago focused on individual differences in the - 82 -

degree to which people view ―volunteer‖ as an important social role. It was assumed that those people for whom the role of volunteer was most part of their personal identity would also be most likely to continue volunteer work. Participants indicated the degree to which the social role mattered by responding to statements such as ―Volunteering in Hospital is an important part of who I am.‖Consistent with the researchers‘ expectations, they found a positive correlation (正相关) between the strength of role identity and the length of time people continued to volunteer. These results, once again, lead to concrete advice: ―Once an individual begins volunteering, continued efforts might focus on developing a volunteer role identity.... Items like T-shirts that allow volunteers to be recognized publicly for their contributions can help strengthen role identity‖.

61. People volunteer mainly out of __________. A. academic requirements B. social expectations C. financial rewards D. internal needs 62. What can we learn from the Florida study? A. Follow-up studies should last for one year. B. Volunteers should get mentally prepared. C. Strategy training is a must in research. D. Volunteers are provided with concrete advice. 63. What is most likely to motivate volunteers to continue their work? A. Individual differences in role identity. B. Publicly identifiable volunteer T-shirts. C. Role identity as a volunteer. D. Practical advice from researchers. 64. What is the best title of the passage? A. How to Get People to Volunteer B. How to Study Volunteer Behaviors C. How to Keep Volunteers‘ Interest D. How to Organize Volunteer Activities

D
Freedom and Responsibility Freedom‘s challenge in the Digital Age is a serious topic. We are facing today a strange new world and we are all wondering what we are going to do with it. Some 2,500 years ago Greece discovered freedom. Before that there was no freedom. There were great civilizations, splendid empires, but no freedom anywhere. Egypt and Babylon were both - 83 -

tyrannies, one very powerful man ruling over helpless masses. In Greece, in Athens (雅典), a little city in a little country, there were no helpless masses. And Athenians willingly obeyed the written laws which they themselves passed, and the unwritten, which must be obeyed if free men live together. They must show each other kindness and pity and the many qualities without which life would be very painful unless one chose to live alone in the desert.The Athenians never thought that a man was free if he could do what he wanted. A man was free if he was self-controlled. To make yourself obey what you approved was freedom. They were saved from looking at their lives as their own private affair. Each one felt responsible for the welfare of Athens, not because it was forced on him from the outside, but because the city was his pride and his safety. The essential belief of the first free government in the world was liberty for all men who could control themselves and would take responsibility for the state. But discovering freedom is not like discovering computers. It cannot be discovered once for all. If people do not prize it, and work for it, it will go. Constant watch is its price. Athens changed. It was a change that took place without being noticed though it was of the extreme importance, a spiritual change which affected the whole state. It had been the Athenian 爷 s pride and joy to give to their city. That they could get material benefits from her never entered their minds. There had to be a complete change of attitude before they could look at the city as an employer who paid her citizens for doing her work. Now instead of men giving to the state, the state was to give to them.What the people wanted was a government which would provide a comfortable life for them; and with this as the primary object, ideas of freedom and self-reliance and responsibility were neglected to the point of disappearing. Athens was more and more looked on as a cooperative business possessed of great wealth in which all citizens had a right to share. Athens reached the point when the freedom she really wanted was freedom from responsibility.There could be only one result. If men insisted on being free from the burden of self-dependence and responsibility for the common good, they would cease to be free. Responsibility is the price every man must pay for freedom. It is to be had on no other terms. Athens, the Athens of Ancient Greece, refused responsibility; she reached the end of freedom and was never to have it again. But, ―the excellent becomes the permanent‖, Aristotle said. Athens lost freedom forever, but freedom was not lost forever for the world. A great American, James Madison, referred to: ―The capacity (能力) of mankind for self-government.‖ No doubt he had not an idea that he was speaking Greek. Athens was not in the farthest background of his mind, but once man has a great and good idea, it is never completely lost. The Digital Age cannot destroy it. Somehow in this or that man‘s thought such an idea lives though unconsidered by the world of action. One can never be sure that it is not on the point of breaking out into action only sure that it will do so sometime.

65. What does the underlined word ―tyrannies‖ in Paragraph 2 refer to? A. Countries where their people need help. - 84 -

B. Powerful states with higher civilization. C. Splendid empires where people enjoy freedom. D. Governments ruled with absolute power. 66. People believing in freedom are those who __________. A. regard their life as their own business B. seek gains as their primary object C. behave within the laws and value systems D. treat others with kindness and pity 67. What change in attitude took place in Athens? A. The Athenians refused to take their responsibility. B. The Athenians no longer took pride in the city. C. The Athenians benefited spiritually from the government. D. The Athenians looked on the government as a business. 68. What does the sentence ―There could be only one result.‖ in Paragraph 5 mean? A. Athens would continue to be free. B. Athens would cease to have freedom. C. Freedom would come from responsibility. D. Freedom would stop Athens from self-dependence. 69. Why does the author refer to Aristotle and Madison? A. The author is hopeful about freedom. B. The author is cautious about self-government. C. The author is skeptical of Greek civilization. D. The author is proud of man‘s capacity. 70. What is the author‘s understanding of freedom? A. Freedom can be more popular in the digital age. B. Freedom may come to an end in the digital age. C. Freedom should have priority over responsibility. D. Freedom needs to be guaranteed by responsibility.

第四部分: 任务型阅读 (共 10 小题; 每小题 1 分, 满分 10 分) 请阅读下面短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单词。 注意: 请将答案写在答题卡上相应题号的横线上。 每个空格只填一个单词。 People select news in expectation of a reward. This reward may be either of two kinds. One is related to what Freud calls the Pleasure Principle, the other to what he calls the Reality Principle. For want of better names, we shall call these two classes immediate reward and delayed reward. In general, the kind of news which may be expected to give immediate reward are news of crime and corruption, accidents and disasters, sports, social events, and human interest. Delayed reward may be expected from - 85 -

news of public affairs, economic matters, social problems, science, education, and health. News of the first kind pays its rewards at once. A reader can enjoy an indirect experience without any of the dangers or stresses involved. He can tremble wildly at an axe-murder, shake his head sympathetically and safely at a hurricane, identify himself with the winning team, laugh understandingly at a warm little story of children or dogs. News of the second kind, however, pays its rewards later. It sometimes requires the reader to tolerate unpleasantness or annoyance — as, for example, when he reads of the threatening foreign situation, the mounting national debt, rising taxes, falling market, scarce housing, and cancer. It has a kind of ―threat value.‖ It is read so that the reader may be informed and prepared. When a reader selects delayed reward news, he pulls himself into the world of surrounding reality to which he can adapt himself only by hard work. When he selects news of the other kind, he usually withdraws from the world of threatening reality toward the dream world. For any individual, of course, the boundaries of these two classes are not stable. For example, a sociologist may read news of crime as a social problem, rather than for its immediate reward. A coach may read a sports story for its threat value: he may have to play that team next week. A politician may read an account of his latest successful public meeting, not for its delayed reward, but very much as his wife reads an account of a party. In any given story of corruption or disaster, a thoughtful reader may receive not only the immediate reward of indirect experience, but also the delayed reward of information and preparedness. Therefore, while the division of categories holds in general, an individual‘s tendency may transfer any story from one kind of reading to another, or divide the experience between the two kinds of reward.

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What news stories do you read? Division of news stories ? ? ? (72) ▲ of ? People expect to get (71) ▲ from reading news. News stories are roughly divided into two classes. Some news will excite their readers instantly while others won‘t. News of immediate reward will seemingly take their readers to the very frightening scene without actual (73) ▲ ? .

the two classes

Readers will associate themselves closely with what happens in the news stories and (74) ▲ similar feelings with those involved.

?

News of delayed reward will make readers suffer, or present a (75) ___▲___ to them.

?

News of delayed reward will induce the reader to (76)



for the

reality while news of immediate reward will lead the reader to (77) ___▲___ from the reality. Unstable boundaries of the two classes What readers expect from news stories are largely shaped by their (78) ___▲ . Serious readers will both get excited over what happens in some news stories and (79) ▲ themselves to the reality. ▲ on the reader.

Thus, the division, on the whole, (80)

71. __________ 76. __________

72. __________ 77. __________

73. __________ 78. __________

74. __________ 79. __________

75. __________ 80. __________

第五部分: 书面表达 (满分 25 分) 81.请阅读下面文字及图表,并按照要求用英语写一篇 150 词左右的文章.

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[写作内容] 1. 用约 30 个单词概述上述信息的主要内容; 2. 结合上述信息,简要分析导致交通问题的主要原因; 3. 根据你的分析,从社会规范(rules and regulations)和个人行为两方面谈谈你得到的启示(不 少于两点)。 [写作要求] 1. 写作过程中不能直接引用原文语句;摇 2. 作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称; 3. 不必写标题。 [评分标准] 内容完整,语言规范,语篇连贯,词数适当。

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2015 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(安徽卷)





本试卷分第Ⅰ卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷(非选择题)两部分。全卷满分 150 分,考试时间 120 分钟。 考生注意事项: 1.答题前,务必在试题卷、答题卡规定的地方填写自己的姓名、座位号,并认真核对答题卡 - 89 -

上所粘贴的条形码中姓名、座位号与本人姓名、座位号是否一致。务必在答题卡背面规定的地方 填写姓名和座位号后两位。 2.答第Ⅰ卷时,每小题选出答案后,用 2B 铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需 改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案标号。 3.答第Ⅱ卷时,必须使用 0.5 毫米的黑色墨水签字笔在答题卡上书写,要求字体工整、笔 迹清晰。作图题可先用铅笔在答题卡规定的位置绘出,确认后再用 0.5 毫米的黑色墨水签字笔描 清楚。必须在题号所指示的答题区域作答,超出答题区域书写的答案无效,在试题卷、草稿纸上 ....................... 答题无效 。 .... 4.考试结束,务必将试题卷和答题卡一并上交。
科网

第Ⅰ卷
第一部分 听力(共两节,满分 30 分) 做题时,请先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转 涂到答题卡上。 第一节 (共 5 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 7.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话。 每段对话后有一个小题, 从题中所给的 A、 B、 C 三个选项中选出最佳选项, 并标在试卷的相应位置。 听完每段对话后; 你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。 每段对话仅读一遍。 例:How much is the shirt? A.£l9.15. B.£9.15 C.£9.18. 答案是 C。 1. What time is it now? A. 9:10. B. 9:50. 2. What does the woman think of the weather? A. It's nice. B. It's warm. 3. What will the man do? A. Attend a meeting. B. Give a lecture. 4. What is the woman's opinion about the course? A. Too hard. B. Worth taking. 5. What does the woman want the man to do? A. Speak louder. B. Apologize to her.

C. 10:00. C. It's cold. C. Leave his office. C. Very easy. C. Turn off the radio.

第二节 (共 15 小题;每小题 1. 5 分,满分 22.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话。 每段对话后有几个小题, 从题中所给的 A、 B、 C 三个选项中选出最佳选项, 并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题 5 秒钟;听完后,各 小题给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话读两遍。 听第 6 段材料,回答第 6、7 题。 6. How long did Michael stay in China? A. Five days. B. One week. 7. Where did Michael go last year? A. Russia. B. Norway. - 90 -

C. Two weeks. C. India.

听第 7 段材料,回答第 8、9 题。 8. What food does Sally like? A. Chicken B. Fish 9. What air the speakers going to do? A. Cook dinner. B. Go shopping. 听第 8 段材料,回答第 10 至 12 题。 10. Where are the speakers? A. In a hospital. B. In the office. 11. When is the report due? A. Thursday. B. Friday. 12. What does George suggest Stephanie do with the report? A. Improve it. B. Hand it in later.

C. Eggs C. Order dishes.

C. At home. C. Next Monday. C. Leave it with him.

听第 9 段材料,回答第 13 至 16 题。 13. What is the probable relationship between the speakers? A. Salesperson and customer. B. Homeowner and cleaner. C. Husband and wife. 14. What kind of department do the speakers prefer? A. One with two bedrooms. B. One without furniture C. One near a market. 15. How much rent should one pay for the one-bedroom apartment? A. $350. B. $400. C. $415. 16. Where is the apartment the speakers would like to see? A. On Lake Street. B. On Market Street. C. On South Street, 听第 10 段材料,回答第 17 至 20 题。 17. What percentage of the world's tea exports go to Britain? A. Almost 15%. B. About 30%. 18. Why do tea tasters taste tea with milk? A. Most British people drink tea that way. B. Tea tastes much better with milk. C. Tea with milk is healthy. 19. Who suggests a price for each tea? A. Tea tasters. B. Tea exporters. 20. What is the speaker talking about? A. The life of tea tasters. B. Afternoon tea in Britain. C. The London Tea Trade Centre. 第二部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节 单项填空(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) - 91 -

C. Over 40%.

C. Tea companies.

从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 例: It is generally considered unwise to give a child ______ he or she wants. A. however B. whatever C. whichever D. whenever 答案是 B 21. — Can you come to a party on Saturday, Peter? — Oh, __________ I'm already going out, I'm afraid. A. what a pity! B. don't ask! C. how come? D. so what? If you come to visit China, you will __________ a culture of amazing depth and variety. A. develop B. create C. substitute D. experience __________ scientists haw learned a lot about the universe, there is much we still don't know. A. Once B. Since C. Though D. Unless Just as I got to the school gate, I realized I __________ my bank in the cafe. A. have left B. had left C. would leave D. was leaving A ship in harbor is safe, but that‘s not __________ ships are built for. A. what B. whom C. why D. when I‘m so __________ to all those volunteers because they helped my terrible day end happily. A. special B. superior C. grateful D. attractive __________ the difference between the two research findings will be one of the worst mistakes you make. A. Ignore B. Ignoring C. Ignored D. Having ignored Some experts think reading is the fundamental skill upon __________ school education depends. A. it B. that C. whose D. which It is reported that a space station __________ on the moon in years to come. A. will be building B. will he built C. has been building D. has been built There is no need to tell me your answer now. Give it some __________ and then let me know. A. thought B. support C. protection D. authority They gave money to the old people's home either __________ or through their companies. A. legally B. sincerely C. personally D. deliberately It is lucky we booked a room, or we __________ nowhere to stay now. A. had B. had had C. would have D. would have had They believe that there are transport developments __________ that will bring a lot of changes for the better, A. out of date B. out of order C. around the clock D. around the corner __________ he once felt like giving up, he now has the determination to push further and keep on going. A. Where B. As C. In case D. Now that — How is your table tennis these days? Still playing? —__________. I just don't seem to find the time these days. A. That's right B. No, not much C That's great D. Don‘t worry

22. 23. 24. 25 26. 27.

28. 29.

30. 31. 32. 33.

34.

35.

第二节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、和 D)中,选出可以填入空白处 - 92 -

的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 In our modern world, when something wears out, we throw it away and buy a new one. The ___36___ is that countries around the world have growing mountains of 37 because people are throwing out more rubbish than ever before. How did we 38 a throwaway society? First of all, it is now easier to 39 an object than to spend time and money to repair it. 40 modern manufacturing (制造业) and technology, companies are able to produce products quickly and inexpensively. Products are plentiful and 41 . Another cause is our 42 of disposable (一次性的) products. As 43 people, we are always looking for 44 to save time and make our lives easier. Companies ___45___ thousands of different kinds of disposable products: paper plates, plastic cups, and cameras, to name a few. Our appetite for new products also 46 to the problem. We are 47 buying new things. Advertisements persuade us that 48 is better and that we will be happier with the latest products. The result is that we 49 useful possessions to make room for new ones. All around the world, we can see the 50 of this throwaway lifestyle. Mountains of rubbish just keep getting bigger. To 51 the amount of rubbish and to protect the 52 , more governments are requiring people to recycle materials. 53 , this is not enough to solve (解 决) our problem. Maybe there is another way out. We need to repair our possessions 54 throwing them away. We also need to rethink our attitudes about 55 . Repairing our possessions and changing our spending habits may be the best way to reduce the amount of rubbish and take care of our environment. 36. A. key B. reason C. project D. problem 37. A. gifts B. rubbish C. debt D. products 38. A. face B. become C. observe D. change 39. A. hide B. control C. replace D. withdraw 40. A. Thanks to B. As to C. Except for D. Regardless of 41. A. safe B. funny C. cheap D. powerful 42. A. love B. lack C. prevention D. division 43. A. sensitive B. kind C. brave D. busy 44. A. ways B. places C. jobs D. friends 45. A. donate B. receive C. produce D. preserve 46. A. adapts B. returns C. responds D. contributes 47. A. tired of B. addicted to C. worried about D. ashamed for 48. A. newer B. stronger C. higher D. larger 49. A. pick up B. pay for C. hold onto D. throw away 50. A. advantages B. purposes C. functions D. consequences 51. A. show B. record C. decrease D. measure 52. A. technology B. environment C. consumers D. brands 53. A. However B. Otherwise C. Therefore D. Meanwhile 54. A. by B. in favour of C. after D. instead of 55. A. spending B. collecting C. repairing D. advertising 第三部分 阅读理解(共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) - 93 -

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答 题卡上将该项涂黑。

A
Welcome to the Electronic Village to explore new ways of language teaching and learning. Electronic Village Program (Thursday, June 18, 2015) Nearpod TEO ? 9:00 am to 10:00 am ? 2:00 pin to 3:00 pm ? Room 501 ? Room 502 Nearpod is a software program that Our students come from different creates a rich context ( 语 境 ) for backgrounds but have the same desire to students to learn vocabulary. The learn on-line. The presenter will use presenter will show how to use it. examples from his first on-line class to explain how any teacher can begin teaching on-line with TEO. Kahoot Prezi ? 10:30 am to 11:30 am ? 3:30 pm to 4:20 pm ? Room 601 ? Room 602 Kahoot software can be used to create Uses of Prezi in listening and speaking grammar tests which can be graded on a courses draw students' attention to speaking network. It can provide students with more fluently. The presenter will show how instant feedback ( 反 馈 ), including students can use Prezi to confidently present reports about their strengths and on a variety of topics, including introducing weaknesses. family, friends, and hobbies. 56. Nearpod can be used to __________. A. offer grammar tests B. teach listening on-line C. help vocabulary learning D. gain fluency in speaking 57. If you want to improve your speaking skills, you can go to __________. A. Room 501 B. Room 502 C. Room 601 D. Room 602 58. Which of the following can assess your grammar learning? A. Nearpod. B. Kahoot. C. TEO. D. Prezi. 59. A teacher who wants to learn on-line teaching ia expected to arrive by __________. A. 9:00 am B. 10:30 am C. 2:00 pm D. 3:30 pm

B
When her five daughters were young, Helene An always told them that there was strength in unity (团结). To show this, she held up one chopstick, representing one person. Then she easily broke it into two pieces. Next, she tied several chopsticks together, representing a family. She showed the girls it was hard to break the tied chopsticks. This lesson about family unity stayed with the daughters as they grew up. Helene An and her family own a large restaurant business in California. However, when Helene and her husband Danny left their home in Vietnam in 1975, they didn't have much money. They moved their family to San Francisco. There they joined Danny's mother, Diana, who owned a small Italian sandwich shop. Soon afterwards, Helene and Diana changed the sandwich shop into a small Vietnamese - 94 -

restaurant. The five daughters helped in the restaurant when they were young. However, Helene did not want her daughters to always work in the family business because she thought it was too hard. Eventually the girls all graduated from college and went away to work for themselves, but one by one, the daughters returned to work in the family business. They opened new restaurants in San Francisco and Los Angeles. Even though family members sometimes disagreed with each other, they worked together to make the business successful. Daughter Elisabeth explains, "Our mother taught us that to succeed we must have unity, and to have unity we must have peace. Without the strength of the family, there is no business." Their expanding business became a large corporation in 1996, with three generations of Ans working together. Now the Ans' corporation makes more than $20 million each year. Although they began with a small restaurant, they had big dreams, and they worked together. Now they are a big success. 60. Helene tied several chopsticks together to show __________. A. the strength of family unity B. the difficulty of growing up C. the advantage of chopsticks D. the best way of giving a lesson 61. We can I earn from Paragraph 2 that the An family __________. A. started a business in 1975 B. left Vietnam without much money C. bought a restaurant in San Francisco D. opened a sandwich shop in Los Angeles 62. What can we infer about the An daughters? A. They did not finish their college education. B. They could not bear to work in the family business. C. They were influenced by what Helene taught them. D. They were troubled by disagreement among family members. 63. Which of the following can be the best title for the passage? A. How to Run a Corporation B. Strength Comes from Peace C. How to Achieve a Big Dream D. Family Unity Builds Success

C
As Internet users become more dependent on the Internet to store information, are people remember less? If you know your computer will save information, why store it in your own personal memory, your brain? Experts are wondering if the Internet is changing what we remember and how. In a recent study, Professor Betsy Sparrow conducted some experiments. She and her research team wanted to know the Internet is changing memory. In the first experiment, they gave people 40 unimportant facts to type into a computer. The first group of people understood that the computer would save the information. The second group understood that the computer would not save it. Later, the second group remembered the information better. People in the first group knew they could find the information again, so they did not try to remember it. In another experiment, the researchers gave people facts to remember, and told them where to find the information on the Internet. The information was in a specific computer folder (文件夹). - 95 -

Surprisingly, people later remember the folder location (位置) better than the facts. When people use the Internet, they do not remember the information. Rather, they remember how to find it. This is called "transactive memory (交互记忆)" According to Sparrow, we are not becoming people with poor memories as a result of the Internet. Instead, computer users are developing stronger transactive memories; that is, people are learning how to organize huge quantities of information so that they are able to access it at a later date. This doesn't mean we are becoming either more or less intelligent, but there is no doubt that the way we use memory is changing. 64. The passage begins with two questions to __________. A. introduce the main topic B. show the author's altitude C. describe how to use the Internet. D. explain how to store information 65. What can we learn about the first experiment? A. Sparrow's team typed the information into a computer. B. The two groups remembered the information equally well. C. The first group did not try to remember the formation. D. The second group did not understand the information. 66. In transactive memory, people __________. A. keep the information in mind B. change the quantity of information C. organize information like a computer D. remember how to find the information 67. What is the effect of the Internet according to Sparrow's research? A. We are using memory differently. B. We are becoming more intelligent. C. We have poorer memories than before. D. We need a better way to access information.

D
There are an extremely large number of ants worldwide. Each individual (个体的) ant hardly weigh anything, but put together they weigh roughly the same as all of mankind. They also live nearly everywhere, except on frozen mountain tops and around the poles. For animals their size, ants have been astonishingly successful, largely due to their wonderful social behavior. In colonies (群体) that range in size from a few hundred to tens of millions, they organize their lives with a clear division of labor. Even more amazing is how they achieve this level of organization. Where we use sound and sight to communicate, ants depend primarily on pheromone ( 外激素 ), chemicals sent out by individuals and smelled or tasted by fellow members of their colony. When an ant finds food, it produces a pheromone that will lead others straight to where the food is. When an individual ant comes under attack or is dying, it sends out an alarm pheromone to warn the colony to prepare for a conflict as a defense unit. In fact, when it comes to the art of war, ants have no equal. They are completely fearless and will readily take on a creature much larger than themselves, attacking in large groups and overcoming their target. Such is their devotion to the common good of the colony that not only soldier ants but also worker ants will sacrifice their lives to help defeat an enemy. - 96 -

Behaving in this selfless and devoted manner, these little creatures have survived on Earth, for more than 140 million years, far longer than dinosaurs. Because they think as one, they have a collective (集体的) intelligence greater than you would expect from its individual parts. 68. We can learn from the passage that ants are __________. A. not willing to share food B. not found around the poles C. more successful than all other animals D. too many to achieve any level of organization 69. Ants can use pheromones for __________. A. escape B. communication C. warning enemies D. arranging labor 70. What does the underlined expression "take on" in Paragraph 3 mean? A. Accept. B. Employ. C. Play with. D. Fight against. 71. Which of the following contributes most to the survival of ants? A. Their behavior. B. Their size. C. Their number. D. Their weight-

E
Food serves as a form of communication in two fundamental ways. Sharing bread or other foods is a common human tradition that can promote unity and trust. Food can also have a specific meaning, and play a significant role in a family or culture's celebrations or traditions. The foods we eat—and when and how we eat them—are often unique to a particular culture or may even differ between rural (农村的) and urban areas within one country. Sharing bread, whether during a special occasion (时刻) or at the family dinner table, is a common symbol of togetherness. Many cultures also celebrate birthdays and marriages with cakes that are cut and shared among the guests. Early forms of cake were simply a kind of bread, so this tradition hits its roots in the custom of sharing bread. Food also plays an important role in many New Year celebrations. In the southern United States, pieces of corn bread represent blocks of gold for prosperity (兴旺) in the New Year. In Greece, people share a special cake called vasilopita. A coin is put into the cake, which signifies (预示) success in the New Year for the person who receives it. Many cultures have ceremonies to celebrate the birth of a child, and food can play a significant role. In China, when a baby is one month old, families name and welcome their child in a celebration that includes giving red-colored eggs to guests. In many cultures, round foods such as grapes, bread, and moon cakes are eaten at welcome celebrations to represent family unity. Nutrition is necessary for life, so it is not surprising that food is such an important part of different cultures around the world. - 97 -

72. According to the passage, sharing bread __________. A. indicates a lack of food B. can help to develop unity C. is a custom unique to rural areas D. has its roots in birthday celebrations 73. What does the coin in vasilopita signify for its receiver in the New Year? A. Trust. B. Success. C. Health. D. Togetherness. 74. The author explains the role of food in celebrations by __________. A. using examples B. making comparisons C. analyzing causes D. describing processes 75. What is the passage mainly about? A. The custom of sharing food. B. The specific meaning of food. C. The role of food in ceremonies. D. The importance of food in culture.

第Ⅱ卷
考生注意事项: 请用 0.5 毫米黑色墨水签字笔在答题卡上作答,在试题卷上答题无效。 第四部分 写作 (共两节,满分 35 分) 第一节 任务型读写 (共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 阅读下面短文,根据所读内容在表格中的空白处填入恰当的单词。注意:每个空格只填一个 单词。 Pup a group of strangers in a room together, and they'll probably start a conversation. "Hot today, isn't it?" one might say. "You said it." another replies. Why do we talk so much about the weather? When we meet new people, we don't begin by telling them our life story. We start with small talk, a polite conversation about something like traffic or weather. Research suggests that small talk can build new friendships. When we begin conversations with new people, we want to feel comfortable, and so do they. We use small talk to find common interests. Once we have a common interest, a friendship can begin. Small talk even helps people get hired. In order to impress at a job interview, you need to bond with the interviewer right away. Proper small talk can make that first impression get you the job. So, how can you make small talk lead to a new friendship or job? First off, find common ground. Select something around you that you share with the other person. Next, keep the conversation going. Compliment (赞美) the other person to make him or her feel comfortable, and ask questions to show interest. Third, keep eye contact (接触). When you look people in the eye, they feel you appreciate what they are saying. It makes you appear honest and builds trust. Naturally, shy people might not have enough confidence to start up conversations with strangers. - 98 -

Talking to someone you don't know is not the easiest thing to do! Some experts say with more practice, small talk does get easier. Some people avoid small talk because they dislike discussing things like traffic or weather. For them, they are just too small. However, when you think about it, small talk is anything but small. In fact, it is actually a very big deal! Title Introduction (78)__________ Small Talk: A Big (76)__________ We are likely to make small talk when we (77)__________ meet people. ? Small talk can help people form (79)__________ friendships. ? Small talk can also help people get a (80)__________. ? Find some topics (81)__________ with the other person. Advice ? Keep the talk going by making compliments and (82)__________ questions. ? Keep eye contact in conversation to build (83)__________. ? (84)__________ more in order to make small talk easier. Conclusion Small talk really (85)__________ a lot to us.

第二节 书面表达(满分 25 分) 某英文杂志正在举办以 "Fancy yourself as an interviewer" 为主题的征文活动,请你 以“A Famous Chinese I Would Like to Interview" 为题, 写一篇英语短文。 内容包括: 1. 采访的对象; 2. 采访的原因; 3. 想提的问题。 注意: 1. 词数 120 左右; 2. 可以

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