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2014全国各地高考英语单项选择题汇编(教师详解版)


2014 全国各地高考选择题汇编
一、 名词
1. (福建) 26. —Could you tell me the ____ of making such tasty cakes? — Well, I just follow the directons in the cookbook. —你能告诉我们做出如此可口的蛋糕的方法吗?—我只是按照食谱上的说明方法。 A. feature B. plan C. cost D. trick 2. (浙江) 6. We most prefer to say yes to the ______ of someone we know and like. 我们更喜欢同意那些我们了解和喜欢的人的请求。 A. attempts B. requests C. doubts D. promises 3. (安徽) 29.— Why not buy a second-hand car first if you don't have enough money for a new one? — That's a good . —如果你没有足够的钱买新的汽车,为什么不先买一辆二手的汽车呢?—这是一个很好的建议。 A. saying B. question C. suggestion D. account 4. (湖北) 21. Her ______ for writing was a desire for women to get the right to higher education. 她写作的动力是为了让女性得到更高教育的权利。 A. motivation B. qualification C. talent D. technique 5. (湖北) 22. When Richard said, “You are much more agreeable and prettier now,” Joan’s face turned red at the unexpected ______. 当 Richard 说:现在的你更令人愉快更漂亮。由于这个没有预料到恭维的 Joan 的脸变红了。 A. command B. comparison C. compliment D. contribution 6. (江苏) 27. She was put under house arrest two years ago but remained a powerful in last year's election. 虽然两年前就已遭 软禁,她在去年的选举中仍然是势力强大的代表人物。 A. symbol B. portrait C. identity D. statue 7. (天津) 3.Wind is now the world’s fastest growing ________ of power. 风力是现在世界上增长速度最快的电力来源。 A. source B. sense C. result D. root

二、 冠词
(重庆) 6.I can’t tell you ____ way to the Wilsons' because we don’t have_____ Wilson here in the village. 我无法告诉你去 Wilson 家的路,因为在这个村子里没有一个名叫 Wilson 的人。 A.the; a B.a; / C. a; the D.the ; / 2. ( 浙江) 2. The paper is due next month, and I am working seven days ______ week, often long into______night. 这份论文应该下个月上交,我一个星期要工作七天,而且总是要熬到深夜。 A. a; the B. the; 不填 C. a; a D. 不填;the 3. (江西) 22. They chose Tom to be _____ captain of the team because they knew he was _____ smart leader. 他们选择 Tom 作为队长,因为他是一个聪明的领袖。 A. a; the B. the; the C. the; a D. a; a 4. (陕西) 19. ________ village where I was born has grown into ________ town. 我出生的那个小山村已经成为了一个小镇。 A. The; a B. A; the C. The; the D. A; a 5. (天津) 8. Life the like ________ ocean; Only ________ strong-willed can reach the other shore. 生活就像是一个海洋,只有意志坚定的人才可以到达彼岸。 A. an; the B. the; a C. the ;/ D. / ; a 1.

三、 形容词和副词
1. (安徽) 27.My good performance in the job interview left me about my future and about what I can do here. 在工作面试中良好表现让我对自己的未来和在这里能够做的事情很乐观。
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A. puzzled B. sensitive C. optimistic D. embarrassed 2. (安徽) 33.It's our hope that we will play a greater role in the market place and, , supply more jobs. 我们希望能在市场上发挥更大的作用,并因此能够提供更多的工作机会。 A. however B. anywhere C. therefore D. otherwise 3. (大纲) 27. Raymond’s parents wanted him to have ______ possible education. Raymond 的父母亲想要他得到最好的可能的教育。 A. good B. better C. best D. the best 4. (大纲) 34. Henry was away from home for quiet a bit and _____ saw his family. 因为 Harry 离开家相当长一段时间了,所以他很少见到他的家人。 A. frequently B. seldom C. always D. us ually 5. (大纲) 35. --- W hat did you do last weekend? —上个周末你干嘛了? --- Nothing _____. —我什么也没有做。 A. much B. else C. ever D. yet 6. (福建) 24. With online shopping increasingly popular, the Internet is seen as a(n) way of reaching target customers. 随着网络购物越来越流行,因特网被看作是找到目标客户的高效的方法。 A. temporary B. complex C. accurate D. efficient 7. (湖北) 27. What was so ______ about Jasmine Westland’s victory was that she came first in the marathon bare-footed. 关于 Jasmine Westland 的胜利给人印象最深刻的是他赤脚得到了马拉松比赛的第一名。 A. awful B. essential C. impressive D. obvious 8. (湖北) 28. Instead of blaming the child who had broken the vase, she gave him a ___ smile and let him go. 她并没有责备打破花瓶的那个孩子,相反她对他宽容地笑了一下,并让他离开了。 A. cautious B. grateful C. tolerant D. wild 9. (湖北) 29. Hardly had Sabrina finished her words when Albert said ______, “Don’t be so mean,” pointing a finger of warning at her. Sabrina 一说完她的话,Albert 就手指着她严厉地说“不要这么苛刻吧!” A. dreadfully B. guiltily C. indirectly D. sharply 10. (江苏) 28. The idea "happiness," , wi ll not sit still for easy definition. “幸福,“可以肯定的是,不是个静态简单的定义。 A. to be rigid B. to be sure C. to be perfect D. to be fair 11. (江苏) 32. I can't meet you on Sunday. I'll be occupied. 我星期天不能和你碰面。我将另有安排。 朗文 P1386: I was unable to attend theconference because I was otherwise engaged. 我无法出席会议,因为我在忙别的事情。 A. also B. just C. nevertheless D. otherwise 12. (江西) 23 Thanks for your directions to the house; we wouldn’t have found it ___. 谢谢你告诉我们怎么去这个房子,否则我们不会找到它的。 A. nowhere B. however C. otherwise D. instead 13. (浙江) 4. Joe is proud and ______, never admitting he is wrong and always looking for someone else to blame. Joe 很骄傲很固执,从来都不承认他错了而且总是责备别人。 A. strict B. sympathetic C. stubborn D. sensitive 14. (浙江) 13. The aim of education is to teach young people to think for themselves and not follow others ______ . 教育的目标在于教会年轻人去独立思考,而不是盲目地跟从别人。 A. blindly B. unwillingly C. closely D. carefully

四、 代词
1. (安徽) 24.You can ask anyone for help. here is willing to lend you a hand. 你可以向任何一个人求助,这里的每个人都乐意帮助你。 A. One B. No one C. Everyone D. Someone 2. (大纲) 28. I think Mrs. Stark could be ______ between 50 and 60 years of age. A. anywhere B. anybody C. anyhow D. anything
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本句考察的是 anywhere 的一个特殊用法: ( 指某个范围内 ) 任何一点上;如: My visits lasted anywhere from three weeks to two months.我每次逗留时间从 3 个星期到两个月不等。我认为 Mrs. Stark 可能是在 50 岁至 60 岁之间的如何一个年龄。 3. (福建) 21. In some countries, people eat with chopsticks, while in , knives and forks. 在一些国家里,人们使用筷子吃饭,而在另外一些国家,人们使用刀叉。 A. another B. others C. both D. all 4. (江苏) 34. Good families are much to all their members, but to none. A. something B. anything C. everything D. nothing Something 某些事情,重要人物;anything 任何事情,一些事情;everything 一切;nothing 没有东西; 没有事情;无关紧要的东西。优秀的家庭对她的成员们来说意味着许多,但并不是一切。 5. (江西) 32. ---When shall I call , in the morning or afternoon? ----___. I’ll be in all day . —我什么时候打电话过来?早晨还是下午?—都可以,我一直都在。 A. Any B. None C. Neither D. Either 6. (山东) 4. Susan made______ clear to me that she wished to make a new life for herself. Susan 向我说清楚了她希望有自己的新生活。 A. that B. this C. it D. her 7. (陕西) 21. I’d appreciate ________ if you could let me know in advance whether or not you will come. 如果你能提前让我知道你是否回来我将感激不尽。 A. it B. you C. one D. this 8. (四川) 1. She'd lived in London and Manchester, but she liked ______ and moved to Cambridge. 她曾在伦敦和曼彻斯特都生活过,但她都不喜欢这两个地方,于是她搬去了剑桥。 A. both B. neither C. none D. either 9. (浙江) 3. An average of just 18.75cm of rain fell last year, making ______ the driest year since California became a state in 1850. 去年平均降雨 18.75 厘米,让去年成为自从 1850 年加利福尼亚成为一个州以来最干燥的一年。 A. each B. it C. this D. one 10. (重庆) 1.A smile costs ____, but gives much. 微笑不要我们花任何东西,但是却会给我们很多。 A. anything B. something C. nothing D. everything

五、 介词和连词
1. (安徽) 31.What we expect from you is working hard hardly working. 我们对你的期待是努力工作而不是几乎不工作。 A. less than B. rather than C. as well as D. as much as 2. (北京) 23. Jane is in a hurry because the train to the airport leaves _______ half an hour. Jane 很着急,因为去机场的火车半小时以后就要出发了。 A. by B. in C. for D. until 3. (福建) 22. Our club is open to everyone ____ age, sex or educational background. 不管年龄,性别或教育程度,我们俱乐部向所有人开放。 A. due to B. except for C. along with D. regardless of 4. (湖北) 30. Check carrots, potatoes, onions and any other vegetables ______ and immediately use or throw away any which show signs of rotting. 检查一下我们存储的胡萝卜,土豆,洋葱和其他的蔬菜,立刻把那些有腐烂迹象的用掉或者扔掉。 A. in demand B. in store C. on loan D. on sale A 需要; B 储存,将要发生;C 借用,借贷; D 廉价出售; 5. (江苏) 24. Tom always goes jogging in the morning and he usually does push-ups too to stay _____. 为了保持健康,每天早晨 Tom 总去慢跑,也经常做引体向上。 A. in place B. in order C. in shape D. in fashion in place 有序,在适当的位置;in order 井井有条;in shape 健康的,状态良好的;in fashion 流行的,时尚的 6. (江西) 25. Starting your own business could be a way to achieving financial independence. ___, it could
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just put you in debt.自己做生意也许是获得经济独立的一个很好的方法,另一方面,它也可能让你负债. A. In other words B. All in all C. As a result D. On the other hand 7. (江西) 33. It is unbelievable that Mr. Lucas leads a simple life __his great wealth . 尽管 Lucas 先生有很多钱,但他还过着如此简单的生活。 A. without B. despite C. in D. to 8. (陕西) 14. The Scottish girl _____ blue eyes won the first prize in the Fifth Chinese Speech Contest. 长着蓝眼睛的苏格拉女孩在第五届汉语演讲比赛里得到了第一名。 A. by B. of C. in D. with 9. (天津) 6. ______ the school, the village has a clinic, which was also built with government support. 除了学校,村子里还有诊所,诊所也是在政府的支持下建成的。 A. In reply to B. In addition to C. In charge of D. In place of 10. (浙江) 10. While staying in the village, James unselfishly shared whatever he had with the villagers without asking for anything ______ . 当他住在那个村子里的时候,James 无私地和村民们分享他拥有的一切,不要去得到任何回报。 A. in return B. in common C. in turn D. in place 11. (浙江) 12. Facing up to your problem ____ running away from them is the best approach to working things out. 面对你的问题而不是逃避是解决这些问题最好的方法。 A. more than B. rather than C. along with D. or rather 更准确地说 12. (浙江) 17. People won’t pay attention to you when they still have a lot of ideas of their own crying _______ expression. 如果人们有很多迫切需要表达的观点的时候,他们是不会注意到你的。 A. from B. over C. with D. for 迫切需要 13. (浙江) 18. There’s no reason to be disappointed. ______, this could be rather amusing. 没有让人失望的理由,实际上这件事情很让人高兴。 A. Above all B. As a result C. In addition D. As a matter of fact

六、 情态动词
1. (北京) 27. ______ I have a word wit h you? It won’t take long. 我可以和你谈谈吗?不会花很多时间的。 A. Can B. Must C. Shall D. Should 2. (大纲) 30. Although you _____ find bargains in London, it’s not generally a cheap place to shop. 尽管你有时可能会在伦敦找到便宜货,但总得说来那不是一个购物的便宜的地方。 A. should B. need C. must D. can 3. (湖南) 25.— I’ve prepared all kinds of food for the picnic. —Do you mean we_____ bring anything with us? —我已经为野餐准备了各种食物。—你是指我们不必带任何东西了? A. can’t B. mustn’t C. shan’t D. needn't 4. (江苏) 31. It was sad to me that they, so poor themselves, bring me food. A. might B. would C. should D. could 让我难过的是,如此贫穷的他们竟然给我带来了食物。注意情态动词的特殊意义,如 must 偏偏, 非得;should 竟然;mustn’t 禁止,千万不能;等等。情态动词 Shall 用于所有人称,表示命令,警 告,允诺;以及法律规定中要做的事情。 5. (江西) 3 0. Life is unpredictable ; even the poorest __become the richest . 生活是无法预测的,甚至最贫穷的人也许会成为最富有的人。 A. shall B. must C. need D. might 6. (陕西) 25. My book, The House of Hales, is missing. Who ________ have taken it? 我的书 The House of Hales,不见了。谁可能拿走了它呢? A. need B. must C. should D. could 7. (四川) 6. I still remember my happy childhood when my mother ______ take me to Disneyland at weekends. 我仍然记得我那幸福的童年,在那时我的母亲常常在周末带我去迪斯尼乐园。
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A. might B. must C. would D. should 8. (重庆) 3. I’ve ordered some pizz a , so we ___ worry about cooking when we get home tired. 我已经点了一些披萨,所以当我们很累地到家的使用,不必担心做饭的问题。 A.can’t B. dare not C. needn’t D. may mot 9. (重庆) 13.It was John who broke the window. Why are you talking to me as if I ____ it? 打破玻璃的是 John,为什么你 和说话,好像是我打破了玻璃一样。 A. had done B. have done C. did D. am doing 10. (浙江) 16. They were abroad during the months when we were carrying out the investigation, or they ____ to our help.在我们进行这项调查的这几个月里,他们在国外,要不然,他们就会来帮助我们的。 A. would have come B. could come C. have come D. had come 11. (天津) 15. ________ the morning train, he would not have been late for the meeting. 如果他赶上了早班火车,他就不会开会迟到了。 A. Did he catch B. should be catch C. has he caught D. Had he caught 12. (陕西) 23. We would rather our daughter ________ at home with us, but it is her choice, and she is not a child any longer. 我们宁愿我们的女儿待在家里,但是这是她的选择,她已经不再是孩子了。 A. would stay B. has stayed C. stayed D. stay 13. (湖南) 22.If Mr. Dewey ____ present, he would have offered any possible assistance to the people there. 如果 Mr Dewey 当时在场的话,他会给那里的人提供任何可能的帮助。 A. were B. had been G. should be D. was 14. (福建) 32. no modern telecommunications, we would have to wait for weeks to get news from around the world. 如果没有现代的电信业,要想得到世界各地的消息,我们就不得不等几个星期。 A. Were there B. Had there b een C .If there are D. If there have been 15. (北京) 34. We __________ back in the hotel now if you didn’t lose the map. 如果你没有把地图丢了,我们现在就会在宾馆里了。 A. are B. were C. will be D. would be 16. (安徽) 30.People are recycling many things which they away in the past. 人们作者回收利用他们过去常常会扔掉的东西。 A. had thrown B. will be throwing C. were throwing D. would have thrown

七、 非谓语动词
1. (安徽) 32.While waiting for the opportunity to get , Henry did his best to perform his duty. 等待着背提拔的机会的时候,Herry 全力以赴地尽好 自己的责任。 A. promote B. promoted C. promoting D. to promote 2. (北京) 25. Last night, there were millions of people _______ the opening ceremony live on TV. A.watch B. to watch C. watched D. watching 昨天晚上有成千上万人在电视里观看了开幕式的实况转播。 3. (北京) 28. There are still many problems ______ before we are ready for a long stay on the Moon. A. solving B. solved C. being solved D.to be solved 在我们准备在月球上长期生活之前,还有很多问题有待于解决。 4. (北京) 35.The film star wears sunglasses. Therefore, he can go shopping without ______.. A. recognizing B. being recognized C. having recognized D. having been recognized 这位电影明星带着太阳镜,因此他可以去买东西而不被认出。 5. (大纲) 23. Toady there are more airplanes _____ more people than ever before in the skies. A. carry B. carrying C. carried D. to be carrying 现在太空中有更多的能够运载比以前的飞机运载更多的乘客的飞机。 6. (福建) 27. __ the past year as an exchange student in Hong Kong, Linda appears more mature than those of her age. 作为交换生在香港过了一年,Linda 表现得比她的同龄人更为成熟。 A. Spending B. Spent C. Having spent D. To spend 7. (福建) 30. For those with family members far away, the personal computer and the phone are important in
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staying________. A. connected B. connecting C. to connect D. to be connected 8. (湖南) 23._______ your own needs and styles of communication is as important as learning to convey your affection and emotions. 理解你自己的需要和交流方式和知道表达你的爱和情绪一样重要。 A. Understanding B. To be understood C. Being understood D. Having understood 9. (湖南) 27. There is no greater pleasure than lying on my back in the middle of the grassland, _____at the night sky. A. to stare B. staring C. stared D, having stared 没有什么快乐可能和躺着草地上看着夜晚的天空更让人快乐! 10. (湖南) 35. ourselves from the physical and mental tensions,we each need deep thought and inner quietness. 为了让我们免受精神和身体压力的伤害,我们每个人都需要深入的思考和内心的安宁。 A. Having freed B. Freed C. To free D. Freeing 11. (江苏) 29. His lecture____, a lively question-and-answer session followed. A. being given B. having given C. to be given D. having been given 他的演讲结束后,将是一个现场问答部分。 12. (江西) 31. ___nearly all our money , we couldn’t afford to stay at a hotel . A. Having spent B. To spent C. Spent D. To have spent 几乎把所有的钱都花完了,我们没有钱住宾馆了。 13. (江西) 34.He is thought ____ foolishly .Now he has no one but himself to blame for losing the job . A. to act B. to have acted C. acting D. having acted 他被认为表现很糟糕,现在他只能责怪自己丢了那份工作。 14. (山东) 6. There is a note pinned to the door______ when the shop will open again. A. saying B. says C. said D. having said 有一个纸条被钉在门上,写着:商店什么时候再开门。 15. (山东) 9. It’s standard practice for a company like this one______ a security officer. A. employed B. being employed C. to employ D. employs 对于像这样的公司雇佣保安是非常标准的做法。 16. (陕西) 12. It’s quite hot today. Do you feel like _________ for a swim? A. to go B. going C go D. having gone 今天很热,你想要去游泳吗? 17. (陕西) 20. ________ the difficult maths problem, I have consulted Professor Russell several times. A. Working out B. Worked out C. To work out D. Work out 为了算出这个数学问题,我已经咨询了拉塞尔教授好几次了。 18. (四川) 5. The manager was satisfied to see many new products ______ after great effort. A. having developed B. to develop C. developed D. develop 经理很满意地看见在付出巨大努力之后看到很多新产品被研发出来。 19. (四川) 7. — I hope to take the computer course. — Good idea. ____ more about it, visit this website. A. To find out B. Finding out C. To be finding out D. Having found out ——我想参加这个电脑课程。——好主意。要想得到更多有关的信息,请登陆这个网站。 20. (天津) 5. Anxiously, she took the dress out of the package and tried it on, only _____ it didn’t fit A. to find B. found C. finding D. having found 很着急,她把裙子从包装里拿了出来,结果却发现裙子不合适。 21. (天津) 7. Clearly and thoughtfully ________, the book inspires confidence in students who wish to seek their own answers.经过精心清楚地编写, 这本书激发了那些想寻求属于自己的答案的学生们的信心。 A. writing B. to write C. written D. being written 22. (浙江) 14. Annie Salmon, disabled, is attended throughout her school days by a nurse ____ to guard her. A. to appoint B. appointing C. appointed D. having appointed 残疾的 Annie Salmon 整个上学期间都是由一名被指定帮助他的护士照顾的。 23. (重庆) 5. The producer comes regularly to collect the cameras ______ to our shop for quality problems.
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A.turning B. returned C. to turn D. to be returned 这位生产商经常过来收集因为质量问题被退还的相机。 24. (重庆) 11.Group activities will be organized after class _____ children develop team spirit. A. helping B. having helped C. helped D. to help 为了帮助培养孩子的团队精神,课后将要组织很多的集体活动。 八、 动词词义 1. (20 14 安徽) 26.Terry, please your cell phone when Grandma is talking to you. A. look up from B. look into C. look back on D. look through Terry,当奶奶和你说话的时候,从手机上抬起头来。 2. (安徽) 28.When the sports hero at our party, he was welcomed with open arms. A. turned up B. left off C. moved on D. got away 当那位体育明星出现在大会上的时候,他受到无数人的热烈欢迎。 3. (安徽) 34.Shakespeare's writing is still popular today. It has really the test of time. A. failed B. stood 承受,经历,忍耐 C. taken D. conducted 莎士比亚的作品现在仍然很流行,它真地承受了时间的考验了。 4. (大纲) 31. Caroline doesn’t have a gift for music, but she _____ it with hard work. A. goes back on B. takes away from C. makes up for D. catches up with go back on 背弃, 违约; 回到; take away from 夺走, 剥夺; make up for 弥补…; 补偿…; catch up with 追上,赶上;Caroline 没有音乐天赋,但是他通过勤奋努力来弥补自己的不足。 5. (福建) 25. It is widely acknowledged that students should be in terms of overall quality. A. supported B. matched C. evaluated D. controlled 广泛认为应该根据全面素质来评价学生。 6. (福建) 33. As a grassroots singer, she reads everything she can concerning music, and takes every opportunity to improve herself. A. catch sight of B. get hold of C. take charge of D. make mention of get hold of 得到,掌握;take charge of 负责;make mention of 提到,谈到;作为一名草根歌手,她 阅读她能够得到的与音乐有关的一切,抓住每一个机会来提高自己的能力。 7. (湖北) 23. Seeing the big crowd coming towards him, he started to run down the hill, but ______ and went down on his hands and knees in the melting snow. A. slipped B. skied C. signalled D. sank 看见一大群人朝他跑了过来,他开始朝山下跑去,但是滑倒了,然后就在融化的雪里手和膝盖着地 滚了下去。 8. (湖北) 24. The old rules have to be ______ because they only applied to the circumstances that existed when they were made a hundred years ago. A. developed B. established C. observed D. revised 这些就的规则不得不被修订了,因为他们只适用于 100 年前这些规则被制定的时候所存在的情况。 9. (湖北) 25. I’ve been trying to phone Charles all evening, but there must be something wrong with the network; I can’t seem to ______. A. get through B. get off C. get in D. get along 我一整个晚上都在打 Charles 的电话,但是网络出了问题,我似乎无法接通他的电话。 10. (湖北) 26. Is this your necklace, Mary? I ______ it when I was cleaning the bathroom this morning. A. came across B. dealt with C. looked after D. went for Mary,这是你的项链吗?今天早上我清理浴室的时候发现了它。 11. (江苏) 25. Top graduates from universities are by major companies. A. chased B. registered C. offered D. compensated 来自大学里的优秀毕业生收到大公司的追逐。 12. (江苏) 30.—Dad, I don't think Oliver the right sort of person for the job. —I see. I'll go right away and . A. pay him back B. pay him off (付清工资后) 解雇 C. put him away D. put him off
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—爸爸,我认为 Oliver 并不是这份工作的合适人选。 —我明白的, 我马上就去付清他的工资, 解雇他。 13. (江苏) 33. Legend has it that the origin of the Dragon Boat Festival is to the soul of Qu Yuan. 相传端午节是为了让我们想起屈原的精神。 A. remember B. remind C. recover D. recall 14. (江西) 27. Anyway , we’re here now, so let’s ___some serious work. A. come up with B. get down to C. do away with D. live up to 符合,不辜负 不关怎么样,我们现在这里了,让我们开始认真工作吧! 15. (江西) 29. I don’ t believe what you said , but if you can prove it , you may be able to __me . A. convince B. inform C. guarantee D. refuse 我不相信你说的话,但是如果你能证明你所说的额,也许你就能够让我相信了。 16. (陕西) 18. Ralph W. Emerson would always ______ new ideas that occurred to him. A. set off B. set about C. set up D. set down A 出发,开始;点燃;B 着手,开始 (后面接动名词 do ing) ;C 建立,成立,设立;D 写下,记下; Ralph W. Emerson 过去常常会记下他突然想起的新的主意。 17. (天津) 9. My parents always _______ great importance to my getting a good education. A. have B. attach C. accept D. pay attach sth to sth 把…依附到…之上; attach importance to 重视…;我的父母亲很重视让我得到良好 的教育。 18. (天津) 13. The two countries are going to meet to _______ some barriers to trade between them. A. make up B. use up C. turn down D. break down make up 化妆,编造,弥补,组成;use up 用完,耗尽;turn down 拒绝,调低;break down 机器出 故障;身体垮掉;分解;划分 (以便分析) ;这两个国家将要会谈来分解他们之间的贸易障碍。 19. (浙江) 7. Last week a tennis ball hit m e on the head, but I tried to _______ the pain, believing that it would go away sooner or later. A. share B. realize C. ignore D. cause 上个星期一个网球击中了我的头部,但是我努力不理睬疼痛,认为它迟早会不疼了的。 20. (浙江) 9. No matter how carefully you plan your finances, no one can _____ when the unexpected will happen. A. prove B. imply C. demand D. predict 无论你多么详细地计划你的经济,没有人能够预测那些无法预料的事情何时会发生。 21. (浙江) 19. How could you _____ such a fantastic job when you have been out of work for months. 你已经失业了好几个月了, 你怎么能够拒绝如此好的一份工作呢? A. turn off B. turn in C. turn down D. turn to 22. (重庆) 7. She drove so fast at the turn that the car almost went ___ the road. A.on B. along C.from D. off go off 停止运转,突然大作 (铃声) 在拐弯处他开得如此之快,以至于他的汽车几乎在路上停了下来 (由于甩尾) 。

九、 时态和语态
1. (安徽) 23.The twins, Who their homework, were allowed to play badminton on the playground. 已经完成了他们的家庭作业,这对双胞胎被允许在操场上打羽毛球。 A. will finish B. finish C. have finished D. had finished 2. (北京) 22. ---Hi, let’s go skating. --- Sorry, I’m busy right now. I _______ in an application form for a new job. A. fill B. have filled C. am filling D. will fill —喂,我们五滑冰吧!—对不起,我现在很忙,我正在填写一份新的工作申请表。 3. (北京) 31.--- What time is it? —现在几点了? --- I have no idea. But just a minute, I _____ it for you.我不知道。 可是请你稍等,我现在就帮你看一下。 A. check B. checked C. will check D. would check
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4. (北京) 32. I found the lecture hard to follow because it _______ when I arrived. A. started B. was starting C. would start D. had started 我发现这个报告很难懂,因为当我到的时候,它已经开始了。 5. (大纲) 22. Unless extra money____, the theatre will close. A. was found B. finds C. is found D. found 除非找到另外的投资,否则这个电影院将被关闭。 6. (大纲) 32. The reports went missing in 2012 and nobody ______ them since. A. sees B. saw C. has seen D. had seen 这些报告在 2012 年就不见了,从那以后没有人看见过它们。 7. (福建) 23.—Haven't seen you for ages! Where have you been? —I went to Ningxia and there for one year, teaching as a volunteer. A. stayed B. stay C. had stayed D. am staying —很久没有看见你了!你到哪里去了?—我去了宁夏,并在那里待了一年时间,作教书的志愿者。 8. (湖南) 28. Since the time humankind started gardening, we _____ to make our environment more beautiful. A. try B. have been trying C. are trying D. will try 自从人类开始搞园艺活动到现在,我们一直都在让我们的环境更美丽。 9. (湖南) 34. Whenever you , a present, you should think about it from the receiver’s point of view. A. bought B. have bought C. will buy D. buy 无论何时你购买礼物的时候,你都应该从接受者的角度来考虑问题。 10. (江苏) 23.—How much do you know about the Youth Olympic Games to be held in Nanjing? —Well, the media _________it in a variety of forms. A. cover B. will cover C. have covered D. covered —你对即将在南京举行的青奥会了解多少?—很好,媒体以多种形式对青奥会举行了报道。 11. (江西) 24.----Tony , why are your eyes red ? ---I _____ up peppers for the last five minutes . A. cut B. was cutting C. had cut D. have been cutting —Tony,为什么你的眼睛那么红啊?—在过去的的 5 分钟里,我一直都在切辣椒。 12. (山东) 1. Writing out all the invitations by hand was more time-consuming than we______. A. will expect B. are expecting C. expect D. had expected 手工写下所有的邀请函要比我们预料的花去更多的时间。 13. (山东) 5. They made up their mind that they______ a new house once Larry changed jobs. A. bought B. would buy C. have bought D. had bought 他们决定,一旦 larry 换了工作,他们就买一个新房子。 14. (陕西) 22. During hi s stay in Xi’an, Jerry tried almost all the local foods his friends ________, A. would recommend B. had recommended C. have recommended D. were recommending 在 Jerry 待在西安期间,他尝试了他的朋友向他推荐的几乎所有的食物。 15. (四川) 9. She ______ someone, so I nodded to her and went away. A. phoned B. had phoned C. was phoning D. has phoned 她正在和一个人打电话,于是我向她点了下头便走了。 16. (天津) 11. We won’t start the work until all the preparations __________. A. are being made B. will be made C. have been made D. had been made 直到所有的准备工作都做好以后,我们才开始工作。 17. (浙江) 11. Sofia looked around at all the faces: she had the impression that she _____ most of the guests before. A. has seen B. had seen C. saw D. would see Sofia 回顾四周所有的脸庞,她有印象她之前见过大部分的客人。 18. (重庆) 4. You’d better write down her phone number before you ___ it . A.forget B. are forgetting C.forgot D. will gorget 在你忘记之前最好把他的电话号码写下来。 19. (重庆) 8.James has just arrived, but I didn’t know he ___until yesterday.
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A. will come B.was coming C. had come D. came James 已经到了,但是知道昨天我才知道他要来。

十、 定语从句
1. (大纲) 29. September 30 is the day ______ which you must pay your bill. 你必须在 9 月 30 日这一天之前付账单的。 A. by B. for C. with D. in 2. (安徽) 22. The exact year Angela and her family spent together in China was 2008. A. When B. where C. why D. which Angela 和他的家人一起在中国度假确切是在 2008 年。 3. (北京) 26. I borrow the book Sherlock Holmes from the library last week, ______ my classmates recommended to me.. A.who B. which C. when D. Where 上个星期我从图书馆里借了《福尔摩斯诡异》,这是我的同学推荐给我的。 4. (福建) 31. Students should involve themselves in community activities they can gain experience for growth. 学生应该参与社区活动,在社区活动里他们能够获得成长的经验。 A. who B. when C. which D. where 5. (湖南) 31.I am looking forward to the day my daughter can read this book and know my feelings for her. 我一直都在期待着我的女儿能够阅读这本书并理解我对她的感情的那一天。 A. as B. why C. when D. where 6. (江苏) 22. The book has helped me greatly in my daily communication, especially at work a good impression is a must. A. which B. when C. as D. where 在日常交流中这本书书帮助了很多,尤其是在需要有良好印象的工作之中。 抽象的地点,比如 case,stage,position,state,activity,business,occasion,situation,point,work 等。 7. (江西) 28. Among the many dangers ____ sailors have to face, proba bly the greatest of all is fog . A. which B. what C. where D. when 在水手面对的很多危险中,也许最大的(危险)是雾。 8. (山东) 10. A company ______profits from home markets are declining may seek opportunities abroad. A. which B. whose C. who D. why 一个利润主要来自国内的公司也许可以开拓国际市场。故 B 正确。 9. (陕西) 13. Please send us all the information ______ you have about the candidate for the position. A. tha t B. which C. as D. what 请把你有的申请这个职位的所有候选人的信息都发给我。 10. (四川) 4. Until now, we have raised 50.000 pounds for the poor children, ______ is quite unexpected. A. that B. which C. who D. it 到现在为止,我们已经为贫穷儿童筹集了五万英镑,这很出乎意料。 11. (天津) 12. English is a language shared by several diverse cultures, _________ uses it differently. A. all of which B. each of which C. all of them D. each of them 英语是一个被很多不同的文化共同使用的语言,每一种语言使用英语的方法都是不一样的。 12. (浙江) 5. I don’t become a serious climber until the fifth grade, ______ I went up to rescue a kite that was stuck in the branches of a tree. A. when B. where C. which D. why 直到五年级我才成为一个很认真的攀登者,在那时我登高去拿下一个卡在树枝上的风筝。 13. (重庆) 9.We'll reach the sales targets in a month____we set at at the beginning of the year. A. which B.where C. when D.what 一个月后我们就将实现年初的时候设定的销售目标。

十一、 状语从句
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(安徽) 25.The meaning of the word "nice' changed a few times it finally came to include the sense "pleasant." 在“nice”这个词最后包括有“pleasant”的意义之前,它的意思已经变化了好几次了。 A. before B. after C. since D. while 2. (北京) 29._______ the forest park is far away, a lot of tourists visit it every year. 即使那个森林公园很遥远,但是每年都有很多游客到那里参观。 A. As B. When C. Even though D. In case 3. (湖南) 26. You will never gain success you are fully devoted to your work. 如果你不能努力工作,你永远都成功不了。 A. when B. because C. after D. unless 4. (江苏) 21. Lessons can be learned to face the future, history cannot be changed. 尽管历史不能改变,但是为了面对未来我们还是要从历史中学会教训。 A. though B. as C. since D. unless 5. (江西) 35. It was the middle of the night _____ my father woke me up and told me to watch the football game . 当我的父亲把我叫醒并我告诉我看足球赛的时候,那时在半夜。 A. that B. as C. which D. when 6. (山东) 2. I don’t really like the author,_______ I have to admit his books are very exciting. A. although B. unless C. until D. once 尽管我承认这本书很精彩,但是我并不喜欢这本书的作者。 7. (陕西) 24. The young couple, who returned my lost wallet, left ______ I could ask for their names. 我还没来得及问他们名字,那对归还我丢掉的钱包的年轻的夫妻就离开了。 A. while B. before C. after D. since 8. (四川) 8. I'll be out for some time. ______ anything important happens, call me up immediately. A. In case B. As if C. Even though D. Now that 我要出去一下。万一有什么重要事,请立刻打我电话。 9. (天津) 4._______ you start eating in a healthier way, weight control will become much easier. A. unless B. Although C. Before D. Once 一旦你开始以一种健康的方式吃饭,控制体重就会变得更加容易。 10. (浙江) 15. Cathy had quit her job when her son was born ____ she could stay home and raise her family. A.now that B. as if C. only if D. so that 11. (重庆) 14.Half an hour later, Lucy still couldn’t get a taxi ____the bus had dropped her. 半小时以后,在公交车把他丢下的地方,他还是没有乘坐上出租车。 A. until B. When C. although D. where 12. (湖南) 21.Children,when by their parents, are allowed to enter the stadium. A. to be accompanied B. to accompany C. accompanying D. accompanied 当孩子有父母亲陪伴的时候,他们是被允许进入体育馆的。

十二、 名词性从句
1. (北京) 30. The best moment for the football star was _______ he scored the winning goal. A. where B. when C. how D. why 对这位球星来说最好的时刻就是他射门得分的时候。 2. (北京) 33.Some people believe _____ has happened before or is happening now will repeat itself in the future. A. whatever B. whenever C. whereever D. however 一些人认为之前发生的或现在正在发生的任何事情在将来都会重复发生。 3. (大纲) 24. Exactly ____ the potato was introduced into Europe is uncertain, but it was probably around 1565. A. whether B. why C. when D. how 土豆确切是在何时被引进到欧洲还不确定,但是大约是在 1565 年左右。
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4. (福建) 34. Pick yourself up. Courage is doing you're afraid to do. A. that B. what C. how D. whether 站起来!有了勇气,你才可以去做你不敢做的事情。 5. (湖南) 24. As John Lennon once said,life is_____ happens to you while you are busy making other plans. A. which B. that C. what D. where 正如 John Lennon 曾经说过:生活就是当你忙于制定其他的计划使,所发生在你身上的事情。 6. (江苏) 26. —What a mess! You are always so lazy! —真乱啊!你总说这么懒! —I'm not to blame, mum. I am _____you have made me. —我不应该受到责备。 是你让我成为这样的。 A. how B. what C. that D. who 7. (山东) 7. It is difficult for us to imagine_____ life was like for slaves in the ancient world. A. where B. what C. which D. why 我们很难想象古代奴隶的生活。 8. (四川) 2. Grandma pointed to the hospital and said, "That's ______ I was born." A. when B. how C. why D. where 奶奶指着那个医院说:那就是我出生的地方。 9. (天津) 14. I think _______ impresses me about his painting is the colours he uses. A. what B. that C. which D. who 关于他的画我认为给我留下深刻印象的是他所使用的颜色。 10. (浙江) 8. “Every time you eat a sweet, drink green tea.” This is _____ my mother used to tell me. A. what B. how C. that D. whether …这是我妈妈过去常常告诉我的事情。 11. (重庆) 12.—Is it true that Mike refused an offer from Yale University yesterday? —Yeah, but I have no idea ____ he did it; that’s one of his favorite universities. A. when B. Why C. that D. how —Mike 拒绝了耶鲁大学的录取,这是真的吗?—是的,我不知道他为什么要这样做。耶鲁大学是他 最喜欢的大学之一。 12. (陕西) 15. ________ the delayed flight will take off depends much on the weather. A. Why B. When C. That D. What 被延误的航班何时起飞要取决于天气。

十三、 特殊句式
1. (北京) 21. Some animals carry seeds from one place to another, _ _____ plants can spread to new places. 一些动物把种子从一个地方带到另外一个地方,于是植物就传播到了新的地方生长了。 A. so B. or C. for D. but 2. (北京) 24. ________carefully if any change occurs when doing experiments in the lab.. A. Observe B. To observe C. Observed D. Observing 当你在实验室做实验的时候,要仔细观察是否发生变化。 3. (大纲) 25. --- Who’s that at the door? —门旁边的是谁啊? --- _____ is the milkman. —站在们旁边的是送牛奶的人。 A. He B. It C. This D. That 4. (大纲) 26. _____ the nurses want a pay increase, they want reduced hours as well. A. Not do only B. Do not only C. Only not do D. Not only do 护士不仅想要提高工资,他们还想要减少工作时间。 5. (大纲) 33. _____ me tomorrow and I’ll let you know the lab result. A. Ca lling B. Call C. To call D. Having called 明天给我打电话,我就告诉你实验结果。 6. (福建) 28. The climate here is quite pleasant, the temperature rarely, , reaching 30C in summer. A. if not B. if ever C. if any D. if so 这里夏天的气候很舒服,如果气温曾经有过超过 30 度,那也很少会这样的。
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7. (福建) 29. It was the culture, rather than the language, ____ made it hard for him to adapt to the new environment abroad. 是文化而不是这种语言让他很难适应国外新的环境。 A. where B. why C. that D. what 8. (湖南) 29. Only when you can find peace in your heart _____good relationships with others. A. will you keep B. you will keep C. you kept D. did you ke ep 只有当你取得内心的安宁以后,你才可以和别人保持良好的关系。 9. (湖南) 30. _____ what you’re doing today important, because you’re trading a day of your life for it. A. Make B. To make C. Making D. Made 使你今天所做的一切都有意义,因为这是你用生命中的一天换取的。 10. (湖南) 32. All we need a small piece of land where we can plant various kinds of fruit trees throughout the growing seasons of the year. A. are B. was C. is D. were 我们需要的是一片土地,在一年中的生长季节里,我们可以在那里种植各种水果。 11. (重庆) 10.— I spent two weeks in London last summer. —Then you must have visited the British Museum during your sta y._____ you? A. mustn’t B. haven’t C. didn’t D. hadn’t —去年夏天,我在伦敦两个星期。—你在那里的时候,一定去了大英博物馆吧,是吧? 12. (湖南) 33. It’s not doing the things we like, but liking the things we have to do makes life happy. 不是做我们喜欢的事情,而是喜欢我们不得不做的事情让我们的生活开心。 A. that B. which C. what D. who 13. (江西) 26. When it comes to __ in public , no one can match him . A. speak B. speaking C. being spoken D. be spoken When it comes to…当谈及/提及/涉及…;当涉及到在公众场所发言,没有人比得上他。 14. (陕西) 17. No sooner ________ stepped on the stage than the audience broke into thunderous applause. 莫言一走上舞台,观众就爆发出雷鸣般的掌声。 A. had Mo Yan B. Mo Yan had C. has Mo Yan D. Mo Yan has 15. (天津) 1.Give me a chance, ________ I’ll give you a wonderful surprise. A. if B. or C. and D. while 给我一个机会,我就会还你一个惊喜。 16. (四川) 3. Was it because Jack came late for school ____ Mr. Smith got angry? A. why B. who C. where D. that

十四、 交际用语
1. (安徽) 21.—Reading is the best way to pass time on the train. 看书是在火车上消磨时间的最好的方法。 — , I never go traveling without a book. 这是真的,我从来都没有不带书就去旅游。 A.You are joking B.That's true C.I don't think so D.It sounds like fun 2. (安徽) 35.— I get at least half an hour of exercise almost every day. — Oh great! . A. Good luck B. Cheer up C. Same to you D. Keep it up —我每天至少锻炼半个小时。—真是太棒了!坚持下去!A 祝你好运;B 振作起来;C 和你一样; D 坚持下去。 3. (大纲) 21. --- I’m sorry for breaking the cup. --- Oh, ____ --I’ve got plenty. A. forget it B. my pleasure C. help yourself D. pardon me —对不起,我打破了杯子。—没关系,我有很多杯子的。 4. (福建) 35. —I can't remember those grammar rules! —__________. Practice more. A. You're not alone B. It's hard to say C. I'm afraid not D. It's up to you A 你并不是唯一 的;你并不孤单;B 很难说;C 恐怕不是这样;D 由你决定;—我无法记住那些语
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法规则。—你并不孤单,很多人和你一样。 5. (江苏) 35.— ! Somebody has left the lab door open. —天哪!有人让实验室的门开着。 —Don't look at me. —不要看着我!不是我干的。 A. Dear me B. Hi, there C. Thank goodness D. Come on 6. (江西) 21.----Could I use this dictionary ? ----_____.It’s a spare one . A. Good idea B. Just go ahead C. You’re welcome D. You’d better not 7. (山东) 3. —This apple pie is too sweet, don’t you think so? —_____. I think it’s just right, actually. A. Not really B. I hope so C. Sounds good D .No wonder —这个苹果馅饼太甜了,难道你不这样认为?—不是的,我认为实际上刚刚好。 8. (山东) 8. —Is Anne coming tomorrow? —_____.If she were to come, she would have called me. A. Go ahead B. Certainly C. That’s right D. I don’t think so —Ann 是明天来吗?—我不怎么认为,如果她要来这里,她之前就要打电话给我的。 9. (陕西) 11. — I got that job I wanted at the public library. 我得到了公立图书馆里的那份我想要的工作。 — ___________! That’s good news. 祝贺你。 A. Go ahead B. Cheers C. Congratulations D. Come on 10. (陕西) 16. — You know, I met my girlfriend’s parents for the first time only yesterday. — ________? I thought you’d met them before. A. So what B. Pardon C. Really D. What for —你知道的,我昨天第一次见女朋友的父母亲。—真的吗?我还以为你以前见过他们的。 11. (四川) 10. — How about dinner tonight? It's on me. — ______ . —今晚一起吃饭怎么样?我请客。—噢,我很想去的。 A. You are welcome B. Oh, I'd like to C. Well, I'm afraid so D. That's all right 12. (天津) 2.---Ok, I’ll fix your computer right now. ---Oh, take your time. __________. A. I can’t stand it B. I’m in no hurry C. That’s a great idea D. It’s not my cup o f tea ——我现在就帮你修理你的电脑。—哦,慢慢来,我不着急。 13. (天津) 10. --- How long have you been learning English? --- About four months. --- _________! Your English is so good. A. You can’t be serious B. You got it C. I couldn’t agree more D. I’m stuck —你学英语多长时间了?—大约 4 个月。—你不是认真的吧!你的英语太好了。 14. (浙江) 1. —I a m going to Spain fort a holiday soon. — ______. A. It’s my pleasure B. Never mind C. Leave it alone D. Good for you A 我的荣幸;B 没关系;C 别理我;D 好的很;这对你有好处;句意:---我很快就要去西班牙度假了.—很好。 15. (浙江) 20. —I’d like a wake-up call at 7:00 a.m., please! —OK, _______. A. help yourself B. You will certainly make it C. just do what you like D. I’ll make sure you get one —我想在 7 点有叫早的电话!—我保证那时会有电话叫醒你的。 16. (重庆) 2. --- Why not stay here a little longer? ---______ ,but I ready have to go. A. Never mind B. I’d love to C. Please to meet you D.I can’t find any reason —为什么不在这里多待一会?—我想多待一会,的是我真得必须得走了。 17. (重庆) 15. —Jack,I’d like to have your opinions about my written report. —____ . But I have one suggestion. A. That’s a good idea B. You are too modest C. It looks fine to me D. You should check it first —Jack,我想问问你对我写的这份报告怎么看?—对我来说看起来还不错。但是我有一个建议。

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