2014 年福州市高三适应性练习 英 语
第二部分 英语知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分） 第一节 单项填空（共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项， 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 例：It is generally considered unwis
e to give a child ______ he or she wants. A. however D. whenever 答案是 B。 21. It is believed that ________ of non-renewable resources are falling sharply. A. reserves B. protections C. applications D. developments 22. The film has got many awards, but _________ say they have a clear understanding of what the director wants to express. B. whatever C. whichever
A. many B. few C. nobody D. anybody 23. Don’t bother your father tonight ------ he’s got a lot ____ his mind. A. on B. to C. in D. around 24. Reputation is a treasure that, once _______, can never be won back. A. losing B. being lost C. lost D. having lost 25. Travelling to different time zones often _________ one ’ s body clock. A. manages B. adjusts C. controls D. disturbs 26. — Hi, Michelle, I can’t find my e-dictionary. — Sorry, I _________ it. I guess I put it on the top shelf with my things. A. had used B. am using C. used D. was using 27. — What are these housewives talking about? — They are discussing whether men are actually ______ to housework or just too lazy. A. native B. allergic C. relative D. accessible 28. The following original editions of discs are imported from Hong Kong and Taiwan, _______ prices include the transportation costs. A. what B. which C. where
D. whose 29. China is struggling to deal with an aging population and the social problems that ______ it. A. go for B. go with C. go beyond D. go against 30. In general, _______ energy, we turn off the lights for Earth Hour on the last Saturday in March. A. saved B. saving C. to save D. having saved 31. I want to know how the money was used ______ and whether it is used in a reasonable way or not. A. in shape B. in general C. in demand D. in detail 32. Look! From opposite the street _________, screaming in panic. A. come two kids B. coming two kids C. comes two kids D. two kids are coming 33. — Your sneeze tells me you may have a flu. — No. It’s just __________ I can’t stand the smell of the paint here. A. how B. that C. why D. when 34. — Jeff, what’s up? You are not yourself today. — Oh, mom. I really wish I ______ the chance to visit the Microsoft company but I failed. A. had got B. would get C. will get
D. got 35. —How did your interview yesterday go ？ — ______ ！ The questions were a bit difficult, but I answered them all. A. Just so-so B. Terrible C. Couldn’t be better D. Hard to say 第二节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1．5 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D) 中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Many years ago I was on a bicycle trip through the countryside. Suddenly rain began to fall, but strange to ___36___, several hundred yards ahead of me the sun shone brilliantly. Riding, however, as rapidly as I could, I found it ___37___ to get into the clear. The clouds with their rain kept advancing faster than I could race forward. I continued this ___38___ contest for an exhausting half hour, ___39___ realizing that I could not win my way to the bright area ahead of me. Then it dawned upon me that I was ___40___ my strength in unimportant hurry, while paying no attention to the landscape ___41___ which I was making the trip. Indeed, there was much to ___42___ which might otherwise have escaped me. As I gazed(凝视) about with sharpened ___43___, I saw colours
and lines and shapes that would have appeared ___44___ under brilliant light. The rain mists ( 薄 雾 ) and the fresh clearness of the different greens were so ___45___. My annoyance at the rain was gone and my eagerness to ___46___ it disappeared. It had provided me with a new view that the ___47___ of beauty and satisfaction may be found close at hand within the ___48___ of one ’s own sensibilities. It made me think about other matters to which this incident was ___49___. I realized that there is no sense in my ___50___ to flee from circumstances which cannot be avoided. I might just bravely ___51___ them and they would turn to good account. I know that half the battle is ___52___ if I can face trouble with courage. It has become ever clearer to ___53___ that danger is far from disaster, that defeat may be the forerunner of final ___54___, and that all achievement is dangerously weak ___55___ based on enduring principles of moral conduct. 36. A. ask D. call 37. A. impossible D. comfortable B. likely C. easy B. relate C. understand
38. A. talent D. close 39. A. before D. while 40. A. gaining D. wasting 41. A. in front of sake of
B. on account of
D. at the cost of B. dream of C. take in
42. A. pick out D. look at 43. A. puzzle D. shock 44. A. suddenly D. smoothly 45. A. charming D. fragile 46. A. enjoy D. escape 47. A. power D. sign 48. A. help
D. comprehension 49. A. occurred D. related 50. A. requesting D. praying 51. A. meet D. change 52. A. ended D. fought 53. A. me them 54. A. failure D. decision 55. A. if D. unless 第三部分 阅读理解（共 20 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 40 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中，选 出最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A While Andrew was getting ready for work one Friday morning, he announced to his wife that he had finally decided to ask his boss for a salary raise. All day Andrew felt nervous and anxious as he thought about the upcoming showdown. What B. when C. until B. victory C. relief B. this C. us D. B. given C. won B. avoid C. decline B. waiting C. attempting B. reported C. involved
if Mr. Larchmont refused to grant his request? Andrew had worked so hard in the last 18 months and landed some great accounts for Braer and Hopkins Advertising Agency. Of course, he deserved a wage increase. The thought of walking into Larchmont ’ s office left Andrew weak in the knees. Late in the afternoon he was finally courageous enough to approach his superior. To his delight and surprise, the ever frugal Harvey Larchmont agreed to give Andrew a raise! Andrew arrived home that evening —despite breaking all city and state speed limits—to a beautiful table set with their best china, and candles lit. His wife, Tina, had prepared a delicate meal including his favorite dishes. Immediately he figured someone from the office had tipped her off! Next to his plate Andrew found a beautiful lettered note. It was from his wife. It read: “Congratulations, my love! I knew you’d get the raise! I prepared this dinner to show just how much I love you. I am so proud of your accomplishments!” He read it and stopped to reflect on how sensitive and caring Tina was. After dinner, Andrew was on his way to the kitchen to get dessert when he observed that a second card had slipped out of Tina’s pocket onto the floor. He bent forward to pick it up. It read: “Don’t worry about not getting the raise! You do deserve one! You are a wonderful provider and I prepared this dinner to show you just how much I love you even though you did not get the increase. ” Suddenly tears swelled in Andrew’ s eyes. Total acceptance! Tina’s support for him was not conditional upon his success at work.
The fear of rejection is often softened and we can undergo almost any setback or rejection when we know someone loves us regardless of our success or failure. 56. What was Andrew’s plan that Friday? A. To request a wage increase from his boss. B. To land some great accounts for the company. C. To celebrate his success with his wife at home. D. To get a job in the Braer and Hopkins Advertising Agency. 57. The underlined word “ frugal ” in Paragraph 2 most probably means “_________”. A. wasteful B. simple C. economical D. effective 58. Why did Tina prepare a grand dinner for Andrew that day? A. She was confident of his getting a pay raise. B. She meant to show her support whatever the result would be. C. She believed that her husband was the best in his company. D. She wanted to express her gratitude for his devotion to the family. 59. We can conclude from the text that ______. A. many fears turn out to be unfounded B. work hard and you will be rewarded C. we should never be afraid to ask for what is due to us D. unconditional love brings courage and strength B
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60. In the Lifestyle section, you may Not find ____________. A. journals of adventure B. well-taken photographs C. stories of Leonard Maltin D. opinions on restaurants 61. Which of the following is TRUE about Campus Link? A. It offers readers its best-made bread and butter. B. It welcomes research developments and breakthroughs. C. It helps you to recognize your schoolmates and teachers. D. It is a source of inspiration for the community. 62. The poster aims to __________. A. made known the rights of Campus Link B. introduce the way to send submissions C. share views and articles among teachers D. encourage contributions for the issue C IT is safe to say that George Bernard Shaw (1856-1950), the
Irish-born writer, is more famous for being George Bernard Shaw than he is for his writings today. Few of Shaw ’
s more than 60 plays, novels and essays are performed or read anymore. And yet Shaw genuinely helped make our modern world. Although you’d be lucky to get a chance to see one of his dramas today, in his time he turned the theater into a vehicle for the discussion of social issues, not only in Britain but on the stage of the world. In a way Shaw was someone who created the modern culture of Britain. Where the theater had been dominated by entertainment, Shaw used it to teach people the importance of paying attention to the issues of their day. The plight ( 苦难) of the poor and the working class, the situation of women and the institutions of society, such as the education system ---- Shaw was among the most well-known figures making these topics central to public debate. His first play, Widowers’ Houses (1892), deals with the question of slum ( 贫民窟 ) housing. His Mrs Warren ’ s Profession (1893) brought a controversial topic to the stage. Shaw was an important mover and shaker in new political movements too. He was an early member of the Fabian Society, which argued for the socialist cause in the UK. Shaw was also the founder (in 1895) of one of the now most famous colleges in the world, the London School of Economics. If few of his works have really stood the test of time, many of his quotations have become part of the furniture of the English language. “Youth is wasted on the young,” he wrote. He also knew how to sum up a political philosophy( 哲 学) in a few memorable words. For instance: “A government
that robs Peter to pay Paul can always depend on the support of Paul.” 63. Shaw’s influence on the modern world comes mainly from ______. A. the changes he brought to the British culture B. his philosophies on the role of government C. his awareness of social problems of his day D. the support for the London School of Economics 64. Widowers’ Houses is a play that mainly focuses on ______. A. the failure of the UK education system B. the housing problems of poor people C. robbery incidents in slum areas D. socialist movements in the UK 65. By describing Shaw’ s quotations as “part of the furniture of the English language”, the author means that Shaw ’s words ______. A. have become the best part of English B. have greatly developed the English language C. have made the English language philosophical D. have become an inseparable part of the English language 66. Which of the following about George Bernard Shaw ’s works is TRUE? A. They should be adapted for modern readers. B. They are mostly about the lives of working class. C. They deal with important social issues of their day. D. Most of them are still performed on the stage of the world today. D BERLIN (Reuters)—Germany’s postal service has announced plans to explore improved service and help protect the
environment by getting “fetch friends”—ordinary people traveling across cities—to deliver parcels on their way. It is hoped that the move, which will be tested in the coming months, might lessen traffic in inner cities and reduce CO2 emissions(排放). This should help DHL, a division of the German postal service, reach its target of improving the company’s carbon efficiency by 30 percent before 2020. “As the world’s biggest logistics(物流) provider, we recognize a special responsibility to reduce the impact on the environment as much as possible, ” said Frank Appel, Chief Executive Officer of Deutsche Post DHL, in a statement referring to a variety of measures being considered. The “fetch friends” find out online about parcels that need delivering to people who live or work along the way that they are planning to travel through the city. They then select the ones that they want to take. Codes( 编 码 ) sent to their mobile phones tell the volunteers where to pick the packages up. Parcels can be taken part of the way or passed on to another volunteer but all volunteers need to have the right code on their mobile phone so the track and trace system can be updated. Logistics companies will be responsible for looking after the operation to make sure that the privacy of post is respected. It’s hoped that this could be done using mobile phones but DHL says it recognizes that some security issues remain to be worked out. 67. According to the passage, the “fetch friend” program ________. A. has been tested for months B. aims to reduce the cost of the service
C. employs environmentalists to help with deliveries D. encourages ordinary people to help cut the carbon footprint 68. Which of the following statements is TRUE of DHL? A. It belongs to the Germany ’s postal service. B. It has the most up-to-date tracking system in Germany. C. It has succeeded in improving its carbon efficiency by 30%. D. It has designed many measures to improve its service speed. 69. What may be a problem with the new service according to the article? A. Volunteers’ not allowing to select parcels. B. The wrong codes in the mobile phones. C. The possibility that parcels could be opened on the way. D. Parcels’ being taken to the destination by a single volunteer. 70. What might be the best Title for the best passage? A. New Challenges for the Postal Service B. A Greener Way to Deliver Parcels C. Solutions for Global Warming D. Statements from DHL E It was 3:45 in the morning when the vote was finally taken. After six months of arguing and final 16 hours of hot parliamentary debates, Australia ’ s Northern Territory became the first legal authority in the world to allow doctors to take the lives of incurably ill patients who wish to die. The measure passed by the convincing vote of 15 to 10. Almost immediately word flashed on the Internet and was picked up, half a world away, by John Hofsess, executive director of the
Right to Die Society of Canada. He sent it on by way of the group’s online service, Death NET. Says Hofsess: “We posted bulletins all day long, because of course this isn ’t just something that happened in Australia. It ’s world history.” The full import may take a while to sink in. The NT Rights of the Terminally Ill Law has left physicians and citizens alike trying to deal with its moral and practical implications. Some have breathed sighs of relief, others, including churches, right-to-life groups and the Australian Medical Association, bitterly attacked the bill and the hurry of its passage. But the tide is unlikely to turn back. In Australia — where an aging population, life-extending technology and changing community attitudes have all played their part — other states are going to consider making a similar law to deal with euthanasia (安乐死). In the US and Canada, where the right-to-die movement is gathering strength, observers are waiting for the dominoes (多米诺骨 牌) to start falling. Under the new Northern Territory law, an adult patient can request death — probably by a deadly injection or pill — to put an end to suffering. The patient must be diagnosed (诊断) as Terminally Ill by two doctors. After a “cooling off” period of seven days, the patient can sign a certificate of request. After 48 hours the wish for death can be met. For Lloyd Nickson, a 54-year-old Darwin resident suffering from lung cancer, the NT Rights of Terminally Ill Law means he can get on with living without the haunting fear of his suffering: a terrifying death from his breathing condition. “I’m not afraid of dying from a spiritual point of view, but what I was afraid of was how I’d go, because I’ve watched people die in the hospital fighting for oxygen and clawing at their masks,” he says.
71. Which of the following has the similar meaning to “But the tide is unlikely to turn back.”? A. What happened in Australia can change world history. B. It is impossible to pass the NT Rights of the Terminally Ill Law. C. Doctors are allowed by law to take the lives of the ill patients. D. That the Law has been passed probably can ’t be changed. 72. From the second paragraph we learn that __________. A. the objection to euthanasia is slow to come in other countries B. physicians and citizens share the same view on euthanasia C. changing technology is chiefly responsible for the hurry passage of the law D. it takes time to realize the significance of the law ’ s passage 73. By saying “observers are waiting for the dominoes to start falling”, the author means __________. A. observers are taking a wait-and-see attitude towards the future of euthanasia B. similar bills are likely to be passed in the U.S., Canada and other countries C. observers are waiting to see the result of the game of dominoes D. the effect-taking process of the passed bill may finally come to a stop 74. We can learn from the passage that Lloyd Nickson __________. A. will face his death with calm when dying B. experiences a lot the suffering of a lung cancer C. has an intense fear of terrible suffering D. undergoes a cooling off period of seven days
75. The author’ s attitude towards euthanasia seems to be that of __________. A. opposition B. doubt C. approval D. anxiety 2014 年福州市高三适应性练习 英 语
第二卷 (非选择题 共 35 分) 注意事项： 用 0．5 毫米黑色签字笔在答题卡上作答。在试卷上作答，答 案无效。 第四部分 写作（共两节，满分 35 分） 第一节 短文填词（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分) 阅读下面短文，根据以下提示：1）汉语提示，2）首字母提示， 3）语境提示，在每个空格内填入一个适当的英语单词，所填单词 要求意义准确，拼写正确，并将该词完整地写在答题卡中相应的横 线上。 When I was in junior high school, darkness began filling my mind. I don’t know the reason why it began. All I know is that I started (76) f__________ hopeless and worthless. I hid in my room, staring out of the window, thinking about all my (77) __________(失败). I even questioned whether being (78) __________(活着) was worthwhile. My dark mood wasn ’t
constant. It would fade at (79) t__________, but it always returned. It was my parents and my friends that helped me get (80) __________ the dark mood. At the beginning when I was depressed, I was (81) __________( 尴尬 ) to tell anyone. I didn’t want to seem weak or needy. But later I found that when I told my friends my feelings, they never laughed at me. On the (82) __________, they supported and encouraged me. So remember: no one can face depression (83) a__________. If you ’ re depressed, find someone — a friend, parent or teacher — and tell them your feelings. Consider (84) __________ a doctor or psychologist, if it is getting worse. In fact, (85) t__________ depression affects many people all over the world, treatments are available and can bring hope and joy back into their life.
77. ________ 80. ________
81. ________ 85. ________
第二节 书面表达（满分 25 分） 手机是当今社会必备的一种交流工具， 但是对手机的过度依赖 确成了社会的一种普遍现象。请阅读下面的漫画，按要求用英文写 一篇短文。
要求： 1. 描述漫画内容； 2. 分析漫画所揭示的问题； 3. 提出你的看法。 注意： 1. 短文开头已给出，不计入总词数； 2. 考生可适当发挥，使文章内容充实、连贯； 3. 词数 120 左右; 4. 文中不能出现考生的具体信息。 It is common that we use cell phones as a means of communication for its convenience. However, the
fact that people are getting addicted cannot be ignored.
_____________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ ___________________
2014 年福州市高中毕业班适应性练习 英语试题参考答案及评分标准 第二、三部分： 21—25 ABACD 36—40 BABAD —55 ACABD 56—60 ACBDC —75 DDBAC 第四部分： 第一节： 76. feeling 79. times 81. embarrassed seeing 评分原则 按标准答案给分，如果出现与标准答案不同，但符合题目要求 的答案也可以接受，具体由阅卷点裁定。 第二节： 一、评分原则 80. over 82. contrary 83. alone 84. 77. failures 78. alive 61—65 BDABD 66—70 CDACB 71 26—30 CBDBC 41—45 CDBCA 31—35 DABAC 46—50 DBCDC 51
1．本题总分为 25 分，按 5 个档次给分； 2．评分时，先根据文章的内容和语言初步确定其所属档次，然后 以该档次的要求来衡量，确定或调整档次，最后给分； 3．词数少于 100 和多于 150 的，从总分中减去 2 分； 4．评分时应注意的主要内容为：内容要点、应用词汇和语法结构 的数量和准确性及上下文的连贯性； 5．拼写与标点符号是语言准确性的一个方面。评分时，应视其对 交际的影响程度予以考虑。英、美拼写及词汇用法均可接受； 6．如书写较差以致影响交际，将分数降低一个档次。 二、内容要点 1．描述图片内容； 2．分析现象发生的原因； 3．对这种现象的看法； 4．自己的建议。 三、各档次的给分范围和要求 第五档 完全完成了试题规定的任务。
—覆盖所有内容要点。 —应用了较多的语法结构和词汇。 21~25 分 —语法结构或词汇方面有些许错误， 但为尽力使用较复杂结构 或较高级词汇所致；具备较强的语言运用能力。 —有效地使用了语句间的连接成分，使全文结构紧凑。完全达 到了预期的写作目的。 第四档 完成了试题规定的任务。 —虽漏掉一两个次重点，但覆盖所有主要内容。 —应用的语法结构和词汇能满足任务的要求。 16~20 分 —语法结构或词汇方面应用基本准确， 些许错误主要是因尝试 较复杂语法结构或词汇所致。 —应用简单的语句间连接成分，使全文结构紧凑。达到了预期 的写作目的。 第三档 基本完成了试题规定的任务。 —虽漏掉一些内容，但覆盖所有主要内容。 11~15 分 —应用的语法结构和词汇能满足任务的要求。 —有一些语法结构和词汇方面的错误，但不影响理解。 —应用简单的语句间连接成分，使全文内容连贯。整体而言， 基本达到了预期的写作目的。 第二档 未恰当完成试题规定的任务。
—漏掉或未描述清楚一些主要内容，写了一些无关内容。 —语法结构单调，词汇知识有限。 6~10 分 —有一些语法结构或词汇方面的错误， 影响了对写作内容的理 解。 —较少使用语句间的连接成分，内容缺少连贯性。信息未能清 楚地传达给读者。 第一档 未完成试题规定的任务。 —明显遗漏主要内容，写了一些无关内容，原因可能是未理解 试题要求。 1~5 分 —语法结构单调、词汇项目有限。 —较多语法结构或词汇方面的错误，影响对写作内容的理解。 —缺乏语句间的连接成分， 内容不连贯。 信息未能传达给读者。 0分 未能传达给读者任何信息：内容太少，无法评判；写的内容均 与所要求内容无关或所写内容无法看清。
四、One possible version: It is common that we use cell phones as a means of communication for its convenience. to However, the
fact that people are getting addicted cannot be ignored.
Have a look at the picture. Three persons are playing with their cell phones when having dinner,
immersing themselves in a personal space. The scene can be seen everywhere in our life. Some even have signs of anxiety if they don’t have their cellphones with them. I think there are are two to reasons share for ideas this. with are
On one hand, people
others. On the other hand, not believing in others, they
unwilling to communicate with people around them face to face. Faced with this problem, I thought making a balance of our life is the key. We should spend more time with our family and friends, and at the same time try to be self-controlled to avoid over-independence on cells phones.