2014 年 5 月
注意：本试卷分第一卷（选择题）和第二卷（非选择题）两部分。答案全部做在答题卡上。 总分为 120 分。考试时间 120 分钟。
第一卷 （选择题，共 85 分）
：听力（共 20 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 20 分） 做题时，先将答案标在试卷上。听力部分结束后，你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案 转涂到答题卡上。 第一节（共 5 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 5 分） 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最 佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题 和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1. What are the speakers talking about? A. Plans for the weekend. B. The Great Wall. C. Shopping. 2. Where does the conversation most probably take place? A. In a classroom. B. In a library. C. In a bookstore. 3. What are they talking about? A. Who will pay for the lunch. B. When they will have lunch. C. What they will eat for lunch. 4. How many days will the man stay in the hotel? A. Three. B. Four. C. Five. 5. Why didn’t Mary sleep well? A. She had a headache. B. She was suffering from a stomachache. C. She couldn’t tolerate the noisy surroundings. 第二节（共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个 选项中选出最佳选项。听每段对话或独白前，你将有时间阅读每个小题，听完后，每小题将 给出 5 秒钟的作答时间，每段对话或独白读两遍。 听下面一段材料，回答第 6 至 7 题。 6. What is wrong with Kathy? A. She can’t get on well with her father. B. She is worried about her classmate Don. C. She is upset because she failed the exam.
7. What are the speakers mainly talking about? A. Mid-term exam. B. School education. C. Pressure from parents. 听下面一段材料，回答第 8 至 10 题。 8. What does the woman like doing? A. Doing her favorite sports. B. Watching sports programs. C. Meeting her favorite players. 9. What kind of sports did the woman use to do? A. Basketball. B. Table tennis. C. Swimming. 10. What advice does the man give the woman? A. To go in for sports. B. To practice Wushu. C. To swim a lot. 听下面一段材料，回答第 11 至 13 题。 11. What does the man think of working in a bank? A. He doesn’t like the job. B. He enjoys working in a bank. C. He is not good at counting money. 12. What does the man prefer doing? A. Teaching in a university. B. Working as an assistant. C. Going to a graduate school. 13. Who will possibly pay for the man’s living expenses? A. The man himself. B. The man’s father. C. The man’s professor. 听下面一段材料，回答第 14 至 16 题。 14. What did the man think of the cloning of humans? A. Acceptable. B. Impossible. C. Unbearable. 15. Why are scientists studying cloning at present? A. To reproduce a whole human being. B. To see how the copy looks and acts. C. To replace damaged parts of a body. 16. How did the woman get to know about the way to make new medicines? A. From a magazine. B. From some scientists. C. From the man speaker. 听下面一段材料，回答第 17 至 20 题。 17. When did the train leave Glasgow last Thursday? A. At 8:14 am. B. At 9:20 am. C. At 8:40 am. 18. What happened to the speaker? A. He lost his luggage. B. He missed his flight. C. He was badly injured.
19. What does the speaker mainly complain about? A. The train’s delay, poor service and no apology. B. The rude manners of the crew and the high price of the ticket. C. The delay of the train and poor-quality food of the restaurant. 20. What is the purpose of the tape-talk? A. To comment on the restaurant on the train. B. To give the reason why he missed his flight. C. To urge the company to make up for his loss. 第二部分: 单项填空（共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 从四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将 该项涂黑。 21. —Do you understand the film The Hobbit, the most amazing US-made one last year? —______, but I am confused at many scenes. A. Not a little B. Not a bit C. Just a bit D. No problem 22. I don’t like any humor in this serious speech because I can’t think of any circumstance ______ this would be beneficial or useful. A. which B. whether C. where D. as 23. In China people believe in the saying “out of debt, out of pressure”; however in the west, it is just the ______ — when you are in debt, you are trustworthy and financially capable. A. objective B. opposite C. contrary D. contradictory 24. —Has Nancy gone back to her home in the UK? —Yes. She ______ here only for three days with her friend. A. stayed B. had stayed C. has stayed D. is staying 25. Since Mo Yan won the Nobel Prize in 2012, his fans have been eagerly waiting for his new novels to ______. A. come out B. turn out C. bring out D. go out 26. —______ bargaining is always such great fun? —Usually people consider it a test to see who can stand their ground longer. A. What is it that B. Why is it that C. What it is that D. Why it is that 27. One third of the Ukrainian population live in the eastern region near Russia and speak Russian, most of them ______ closer to Russia. A. are feeling B. feel C. feeling D. are felt 28. The record about the massacre (大屠杀) is fairly clear and beyond dispute ______ those activities the Japanese soldiers were involved in. A. in memory of B. with assistance of C. with respect to D. in place of 29. —Guess what! We’ll have a chance to visit our sister school in Denmark this summer! —How nice! You ________ a different culture then. A. will have experienced B. have experienced C. have been experiencing D. will be experiencing 30. Overloaded with work, school teachers now get far less sleep than they ______. A. shall B. should C. may D. might 31. Two professors at Harvard University published a study of 3,300 new graduates, looking at ______ their names had any bearing on their academic performance. A. that B. how C. why D. whether
32. —Did you attend the opening ceremony of The Voice of China last week? —Sorry! We ________ it, but we had a terrible traffic accident on our way. A. must have attended B. must attend C. could have attended D. could attend 33. The role of Chinese Dama in the economy has been over-estimated by some western media ______ their “gold rush” has had little influence on gold prices. A. so that B. but that C. now that D. in that 34. Never before _______ the famous ancient garden was just a stone’s throw away from the hotel, so out _______. A. had they known; went all they B. they had known; went all they C. had they known; they all went D. they had known; they all went 35. —I would appreciate it if you could forgive Lucy and be friendly to her as you used to. —______, if only she gave me a sincere apology. A. By all means B. By no means C. My pleasure D. It’s a pleasure 第三部分：完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 20 分） 阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，然后从 36－55 各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中， 选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 As of Monday, Amy Carrickhoff’s video “Spoiled deer getting her bottle” was viewed more than 792,000 times and shared 9,600 times. In this heartwarming video, Carrickhoff stands outside her house in Oakridge, North Carolina, ___36___ for a deer she has named “Little Girl.” The deer comes out of the ___37___ and jumps on her. It hurries up the driveway and ___38___ Carrickhoff into the house, where it then sucks down a baby bottle of goat’s milk. When the ___39___ is gone, Carrickhoff wipes its mouth with a tissue. While some animal lovers were touched by the obvious ___40___ Carrickhoff had with the deer, others felt she wasn’t doing the deer any ___41___. They said she was allowing the deer to get too ___42___ around humans and it could have been hit by a car, been shot by a hunter, or hurt someone. “You just gave this animal a death ___43___ — you also have put all your neighbors and their children at ___44___ of being attacked when this deer matures, and when it doesn’t get ___45___, it attacks someone,” one reader wrote. Carrickhoff’s comment was that if she had known the video would get so many ___46___ she would have changed out of her gym clothes. As for the deer, ___47___, the update isn’t a happy one. Little Girl continued coming back for bottles until around January 2011, when it moved onto ___48___ deer food, Carrickhoff said. “She walked off into the woods and we never saw her again,” she said. “We ___49___ those woods … we never found anything.” Looking back, Carrickhoff said getting to know the deer was a special ___50___ that she wouldn’t regret. Friends had brought Little Girl to Carrickhoff’s home because the woods in their backyard were protected, and the deer would be ___51___ from hunters. School children loved visiting the gentle creature, who would ___52___ them with its soft tongue and didn’t mind being ___53___. Carrickhoff is confident that she didn’t over-domesticate (过度驯养) the animal. Even when Little Girl was bottle-fed, she lived in the woods and did “deer things”, Carrickhoff’s daughter said. The deer gave birth to a ___54___ of its own the following June, and toward the end, it wouldn’t come when it was called. It was becoming ___55___ again.
She and her husband got so attached to Little Girl that they don’t ever want to take care of another animal. “I just watch the videos and she kind of lives on,” she said. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. 50. 51. 52. 53. 54. 55. A. hunting A. house A. walks A. animal A. appointment A. favor A. comfortable A. sentence A. sight A. hunted A. copies A. fortunately A. sufficient A. protected A. event A. discouraged A. lift A. cheated A. sister A. timid B. asking B. woods B. takes B. milk B. accommodation B. harm B. excited B. punishment B. mercy B. fed B. cheers B. hopefully B. rare B. watched B. experience B. safe B. lick B. cared B. brother B. tamed C. calling C. cage C. follows C. bottle C. peace C. service C. uneasy C. direction C. moment C. respected C. attacks C. sadly C. regular C. entered C. incident C. parted C. touch C. studied C. baby C. wild D. applying D. garage D. watches D. time D. bond D. business D. embarrassed D. prediction D. risk D. welcomed D. views D. doubtfully D. favorite D. combed D. accident D. invisible D. taste D. petted D. beast D. natural
第四部分: 阅读理解 （共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 请认真阅读下列短文, 从短文后各题所给的 A、 B、 C、 D 四个选项中, 选出最佳选项, 并 在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A On 23rd December, 2013, Michael Schumacher — the famous Formula-One race car driver — received serious brain injuries after hitting his head on a rock while downhill skiing with his son. The accident happened during a family holiday in the French Alps. Although he was wearing a helmet, which broke apart on impact, the F1 celebrity was moving at speeds of up to 62 mph and skiing outside the off-piste safety demarcations (滑雪场地外的安全区). Doctors reported that he would have died on impact if he hadn’t been wearing a helmet. He has been in a coma (昏迷) since arriving at a nearby hospital where he was airlifted to from the site of the accident. Michael Schumacher grew up in frugal (简朴的) conditions and started what would become his remarkable professional career when his working class father — a bricklayer — built him a go-kart from where he started participating in competitions. He started his adult career racing for Formula Ford in 1988 and later raced for Formula One Ford, Ferrari, and Mercedes AMG. He holds numerous F1 world records including most race victories, fastest laps, and most races won in a single season. According to the Formula One website, he is “statistically the greatest driver the sport has ever seen”. Also notable are his contributions to charity, during the peak of his career he has given away more than 50 million Euros to a variety of charity organizations, most to help
children around the world. Millions of Europeans and other fans around the world are holding their breath and waiting for information about his hopeful recovery. We wish him and his family the best. 56. Michael Schumacher is in a coma after ________. A. crashing in an airlift accident B. a Formula One Ford car crash C. a skiing accident during his holiday D. a bump onto a rock in a skiing race 57. What is a go-kart most likely to be? A. A medical instrument. B. A small car-racing field. C. A racing-car driver’s safety helmet. D. A small motor vehicle used for racing. 58. From the passage we can learn that Michael Schumacher ________. A. is recovering quickly at the Alpine Hospital in France B. gave all his money to charity during the height of his career C. raced for Ferrari and Mercedes before becoming a celebrity D. came from humble origins to become the greatest F1 driver ever
B Music Little Red Katy B Katy B has clearly made it to the world stage since the release of her 2011 debut (首次) album On a Mission. Three years later, she’s fully established herself as a dance floor singer. On her new album Little Red, the 24-year-old British singer sounds more confident and assured, and finds meaningful connections in club-friendly songs with real heart. Here’s to the Good Times Florida Georgia Line The debut album of the US country duo (两人搭档) was released in late 2012, but it didn’t gain popularity until almost a year later when the single (单曲) Cruise became a chart-topping hit. The song is certainly excellent for its catchy chorus and overall country/rock sound, but the rest of the album is also full of energy and emotion. Games Toca Cars The new gaming app made by children’s app developer Toca Boca is just as fun for adults. It’s simple to pick up and play. Players choose a racer and then start steering (操
舵) it around a virtual environment simply by touching the
screen. The game also allows players to create the racing ground from scratch (白手起家) by placing buildings and objects. Jet Car Stunts 2 The free gaming app by True Axis is the long-awaited sequel to the physics-based racing and stunt (绝技) car game that was a hit way back in 2009 in the App Store. This new installment expands on the original game with new tracks, cars, and game modes that are both fun and addictive. 59. The newspaper’s special column is to inform the readers of ________. A. some brief accounts of new computer games B. some up-to-date information about entertainment C. the introduction of some celebrities and their works D. the introduction of catchy chorus and overall rock sound 60. We can infer from the Music that ________.
A. the last three years has witnessed Katy B going up to the world stage B. the single Cruise that became a chart-topping hit was released in early 2013 C. the US country duo gained their popularity on the release of their debut album D. in her debut album On a Mission Katy B sings club-friendly songs with real heart 61. Which of the following is true of the Games? A. Toca Cars is enjoyed by children and adults alike. B. Jet Car Stunts 2 was a hit in 2009 in the App Store. C. Both of the games provide confidence for car racers. D. Both games offer players chances to create new racing grounds. C A Korean wave is sweeping across China, with many Chinese women worshipping South Korean actors Kim Soo Hyun and Lee Min Ho as demigods (半神半人). Chinese netizens have always been divided over South Korean TV dramas, but there is no doubt that programs from the neighboring country are now enjoying a new round of popularity in China. And a big part of the credit for that goes to You Who Came From The Star, the South Korean TV series which is on the air now. Top South Korean actors Jun Ji-hyun and Kim Soo Hyun recently earned a popularity rating of 24.8 percent in their country, considered strong by Nielsen Korea. You Who Came From The Star and The Heirs have been subjects of hot online discussions throughout Asia. Besides, the book, The Miraculous Journey of Edward Tulane, read by the hero in You Who Came From The Star was a hard-to-get item on Amazon for a while. The two TV programs have several common elements: a tall, handsome, and rich hero who loves the heroine blindly and always protects her, and an equally handsome man madly in love with the same woman. Both programs portray the purity of love, which is expressed through a kiss or a warm hug. Perhaps that’s the secret of their success; perhaps people are still fascinated by Cinderella-type stories. The growing wealth gap is a matter of social concern both in South Korea and China, and the challenges that young people face in their search for a better life might have prompted (激起) many ordinary girls to dream of marrying rich, caring men. This is precisely what the popular South Korean TV dramas portray. In fact, South Korean TV dramas are tailored to meet the market’s demands. In contrast, Chinese TV screens are flooded by knock-off (山寨) or poorly made soap operas. There are too many Chinese TV dramas that are either of the stereotyped (刻板的) war theme or just blindly copy foreign programs. The lack of good stories has resulted in loads of TV series on time travel or fights in the harems (后宫) of Qing Dynasty emperors. These, in short, are the pain of Chinese TV productions. The shooting for South Korean productions generally starts when the scripts (脚本) are just one-third ready. Many popular productions have their own websites, where scriptwriters post part of the finished scripts, inviting viewers to leave messages, discuss the plot and come up with suggestions for future events. This not only keeps viewers’ interest in the TV dramas alive, but also helps scriptwriters and directors make changes to the storylines to suit the audience’s demand. Hopefully, the innovation-induced (创新引导的) success of South Korean TV programs will prompt Chinese TV drama makers to think up new ideas and abandon their bad practice of copying foreign productions in order to attract more viewers at home, and possibly abroad.
62. The main point the author emphasizes in this passage is ________. A. why Korean actors are more popular than Chinese actors B. how the three Korean actors became famous around East Asia C. what modern TV dramas need is not copying foreign programs but innovation D. the Cinderella-type stories are an ever-lasting theme people are fascinated with 63. Which of the following best explains people’s favor for The Miraculous Journey of Edward Tulane? A. The celebrity effect is powerful. B. Drama stars are the best advertisements. C. Rich and handsome heroes in dramas usually love reading. D. A successful drama generally originates from a good novel. 64. According to the passage, the secret to Korean TV dramas’ being successful is that ________. A. drama stars must be tall, rich and handsome or beautiful B. scriptwriters should choose the appropriate themes for all viewers C. drama producers have creative ideas to adapt to viewers’ interest and demand D. people’s concerns such as wealth gap both in Korea and China are taken good care of 65. What does the last paragraph imply? A. Abandoning copying foreign productions is the only way to attract viewers. B. The Chinese TV drama makers should follow in the footsteps of the Koreans. C. It’s hard to predict what the future TV dramas in China and Korea will be like. D. A bright future of Chinese TV dramas can be expected prompted by the Koreans. D Hacking our senses to boost learning power Some schools are pumping music, noises and pleasant smells into the classroom to see if it improves exam results. Could it work? Why do songs stick in our heads? What does your school smell like? Is it noisy or peaceful? It might not seem important, but a growing body of research suggests that smells and sounds can have an impact on learning, performance and creativity. Indeed, some head teachers have recently taken to broadcasting noises and pumping smells into their schools to see whether it can boost grades. Is there anything in it? And if so, what are the implications for the way we work and study? There is certainly some well-established research to suggest that some noises can have a harmful effect on learning. Numerous studies over the past 15 years have found that children attending schools under the flight paths of large airports fall behind in their exam results. Bridget Shield, a professor of acoustics (声学) at London South Bank University, and Julie Dockrell, from the Institute of Education, have been conducting studies on the effects of all sorts of noises, such as traffic and sirens (汽笛), as well as noise generated by the children themselves. When they recreated those particular sounds in an experimental setting while children completed various learning tasks, they found a significant negative effect on exam scores. “Everything points to a bad impact of the noise on children’s performance, in numeracy, in literacy, and in spelling,” says Shield. The noise seemed to have an especially harmful effect on children with special needs. Whether background sounds are beneficial or not seems to depend on what kind of noise it is — and the volume. In a series of studies published last year, Ravi Mehta from the College of Business at Illinois and his colleagues tested people’s creativity while exposed to a soundtrack
made up of background noises — such as coffee-shop chatter and construction-site drilling — at different volumes. They found that people were more creative when the background noises were played at a medium level than when volume was low. Loud background noise, however, damaged their creativity. Many teachers all over the world already play music to students in class. Many are inspired by the belief that hearing music can boost IQ in later tasks, the so-called Mozart effect. While the evidence actually suggests it’s hard to say classical music boosts brainpower, researchers do think pleasant sounds before a task can sometimes lift your mood and help you perform well, says Perham, who has done his own studies on the phenomenon. The key appears to be that you enjoy what you’re hearing. “If you like the music or you like the sound — even listening to a Stephen King novel — then you do better. It doesn’t matter about the music,” he says. So, it seems that schools that choose to prevent disturbing noises and create positive soundscapes could enhance the learning of their students, so long as they make careful choices. Yet this isn’t the only sense being used to affect learning. Special educational needs students at Sydenham high school in London are being encouraged to revise different subjects in the presence of different smells — grapefruit scents for maths, lavender for French and spearmint for history. 66. The four questions in the first paragraph are meant to ________. A. create some sense of humour to please the readers B. provide the most frequently asked questions in schools nowadays C. hold the readers’ attention and arouse their curiosity to go on reading D. declare the purpose of the article: to try to offer key to those questions 67. What does the conclusion of the studies of noise conducted by Bridget Shield and Julie Dockrell suggest? A. Peaceful music plays an active role in students’ learning. B. Not all noises have a negative impact on children’s performance. C. We should create for school children a more peaceful environment. D. Children with special needs might be exposed to some particular sounds. 68. Ravi Mehta’s experiment indicates that ________. A. students’ creativity improves in a quiet environment B. we may play some Mozart music while students are learning C. a proper volume of background noises does improve creativity D. noise of coffee-shop chatter is better than that of construction-site drilling 69. Towards the positive impact of appropriate background sound and smell on students’ learning and creativity, the author ’s attitude is ________. A. ambiguous B. doubtful C. negative D. supportive 70. Which of the following is most likely to follow up the research findings? A. Experts’ research into other senses that can improve students’ grades. B. More successful examples of boosting learning power by using music. C. Suggestions for pumping lots of pleasant smells into school campuses. D. Debates on whether noises can really have positive effect on students’ performance.
第二卷（非选择题，共 35 分）
第五部分：任务型阅读（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 请认真阅读下面短文，并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填上一个最恰当的单
词。注意：请将答案写在答题纸上。 Talking to friends on WeChat, Wang Chenchen’s mood changes according to her friends’ replies. Long sentences are always heartwarming and happy emoticons indicate the other person’s good spirits. But one word replies like “OK”, “Oh” or “hehe” quickly kill the mood. Over-reliance on online communication is causing division between people and social anxiety in this digital era. With social media bringing people closer together than ever before, a new set of online language norms also appears.
Connected or separated Wang Chenchen, 20, an English major at the University of International Business and Economics says, “I tend to judge my friends by the quality and speed with which they comment on my updates on Weibo or WeChat.” But to Chen Jie, 21, a biological engineering major at Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wang’s evaluation system is problematic. “Everyone has their lifestyle and a certain way of using social media,” says Chen, who is always busy working in the laboratory and hardly has time for social media. Ge Yan, a professor of communication at Shanghai Jiaotong University, says social media is causing fragmentation (碎片化) of communication. “People tend to judge their surroundings by the information available,” says Ge. “They also evaluate their friendships and others’ lifestyles based on fragmented pieces of information with which they construct a so-called reality.” Need for emotion According to Ge, such superficial communication helps encourage more interaction between people, but in terms of building solid interpersonal relationships it causes more harm than good. An online survey on Sina Weibo last month shows, “hehe” was the top conversation killer in 2013. “The words people hate all have one thing in common — a lack of emotion,” says Ge. Zhang Wei, a professor of linguistics at Renmin University of China, thinks that such short expressions carry so little emotion that they separate people. Chatting online cannot convey the same emotions as communication in real life. This makes it difficult to understand the other person’s true intentions. “That’s why I always suggest talking face to face to resolve problems,” says Zhang. “Unfortunately the reality is that most people spend less time talking to each other in this way.” Anxiety and insecurity Zhang further explains that the reason why people’s mood is strongly affected by such unemotional words when communicating online is rooted in social anxiety. People feel insecure because of all kinds of pressures. It’s like a vicious circle — “Less time for face-to-face communication leads to more online communication, but online expressions of emotion are too
changeable to provide the comfort needed,” says Zhang. “As a result, people become more anxious.”
Conversation killers ? People’s mood is easily affected by unemotional words while communicating online. ? In this digital era, people are feeling more separated, (71) ________ and insecure than ever before. ? People (72) ________ on online communication too much. ? Online talkers start to (73) ________ a new set of online language norms. (74)________ An English major What they say and think ? I tend to judge a friend by how well and how (75) ________ they reply to my updates on Weibo or WeChat. ? Wang’s evaluation system doesn’t hold water because different people have different (76) ________ and different ways of using social media. ? Incomplete (77) ________ can’t be used to evaluate people’s friendships, and superficial communication does harm to interpersonal relationships. ? People’s (78) ________ for short and careless replies like “hehe” arises from their lack of emotion. ? Those unemotional expressions (79) ________ the gap between people. ? My (80) ________ is that people should talk face to face though busy.
Reasons Name Wang Chenchen
A biological engineering major
Professor of communication
Professor of linguistics
第六部分：书面表达（满分 25 分） 下图表为近几年中美两国电子商务发展比较及其将来几年的发展趋势。 请根据图表信息， 以 “E-commerce, an ever-increasing trend in China”为题，为某英语报写一篇稿子，内容须包 括： 1、图表主要信息（用 30 个左右英语单词描述） ； 2、中国电子商务增长的原因（经济稳步增长，人民收入提高，人口大于美国，网上购物方 便） ； 3、你的观点（可从保护和规范电子商务市场谈起） 。 注意： 1、词数 150 左右，开头已经给出，但不计入词数； 2、作文中不得提及你所在的学校及本人姓名。 3、参考词汇：cybercrime 网络犯罪；phishing 网络钓鱼
E-Commerce Sales and Growth 2008-2016 (China vs US)
E-commerce, an ever-increasing trend in China The chart shows China’s e-commerce sales started with only 20 billion USD in 2008, and ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________
2013～2014 学年度苏锡常镇四市高三教学情况调研（二） 英语参考答案
听力测试（计 20 分） 1~5 ABACC 6~10 BCBCA 单项选择（计 15 分） 21~25 CCBAA 26~30 BCCDB 完形填空（计 20 分） 36~40 CBCBD 41~45 AAADB 11~15 ACACC 31~35 DCDCA 46~50 DCCDB
阅读理解（计 30 分） A 篇 56~58 CDD B 篇 59~61 BAA C 篇 62~65 CACD D 篇 66~70 CCCDA 任务型阅读（计 10 分） 71. anxious 72. rely/depend/count 73. use/adopt/employ 74. Identity 75. quickly/fast 76. lifestyles 77. information 78. hatred/dislike 79. widen/increase 80. suggestion/advice 书面表达（计 25 分） One possible version: E-commerce, an ever-increasing trend in China The chart shows China’s e-commerce sales started with only 20 billion USD in 2008, and was about 60% of the US’s in 2011. However, it surpassed the US in 2013, and is expected to double that of the US in the near future. There are several factors contributing to the rapid growth in e-commerce in China. Firstly, even though the world has experienced a serious economic decline, China has enjoyed a steady growth throughout, leading to people’s income increasing continuously. Secondly, China has a much larger population than the US, possessing the largest number of netizens in the world. Finally, people find it more convenient to shop online, and are more willing to purchase online than ever before. The speedy e-commerce, I think, is just inevitable. What we should do is find effective ways to regulate the e-shopping market, improve the quality of e-service and prevent cybercrime like phishing, fraud and cheating, so as to enjoy a healthier and more prosperous e-commerce market in China.
一、内容要点 1、图表主要信息（30 词，6 分） 。 2、经济稳步增长（3 分） ； 3、人民收入提高（3 分） ； 4、人口大于美国（3 分） ； 5、网上购物方便（3 分） ； 6、你的个人观点（7 分） 。 二、评分细则 1. 评分要素：内容要点、应用词汇、语法结构、上下文的连贯性及语言的得体性。 2. 内容要点错漏、时态语态、句子结构错误为大错，其余为小错，3 个小错作 1 个大错， 同类错误不重复扣分。 3. 通读短文，划出大错，点出小错，结合对全文的综合印象确定所属档次。 4. 词数少于 130 或多于 170 扣除 2 分。 5. 英、美拼写和词汇用法均可接受。 6. 如书写较差，以至影响交际，将分数降低一个档次。 7. 内容要点可用不同方式表达，对紧扣主题的适当发挥不予扣分。 三、各档次的给分范围和要求 第五档(很好) (21-25 分) 1. 完全完成了试题规定的任务。 2. 覆盖所有内容要点。 3. 应用了较多的语法结构和词汇。 4. 语法结构或词汇有些许错误，但为尽力使用较复杂结构或较高级词汇所致，具备较强的 语言运用能力。 5. 有效地使用了语句间的连接成分，使全文结构紧凑。 6. 完全达到了预期的写作目的。 第四档(好) (16-20 分) 1. 完全完成了试题规定的任务。 2. 虽漏掉 1、2 个次重点，但覆盖所有主要内容。
3. 应用的语法结构和词汇能满足任务的要求。 4. 语法结构或词汇方面应用基本准确， 些许错误主要是因尝试较复杂语法结构或词汇所致。 5. 应用简单的语句间的连接成分，使全文结构紧凑。 6. 达到了预期的写作目的。 第三档(适当) (11-15 分) 1. 基本完成了试题规定的任务。 2. 虽漏掉一些内容，但覆盖所有主要内容。 3. 应用的语法结构和词汇能满足任务的要求。 4. 有一些语法结构或词汇方面的错误，但不影响理解。 5. 应用简单的语句间的连接成分，使全文内容连贯。 6. 整体而言，基本达到了预期的写作目的。 第二档(较差) (6-10 分) 1. 未恰当完成试题规定的任务。 2. 漏掉或未描述清楚一些主要内容，写了一些无关内容。 3. 语法结构单调、词汇项目有限。 4. 有一些语法结构或词汇方面的错误，影响了对写作内容的理解。 5. 较少使用语句间的连接成分，内容缺少连贯性。 6. 信息未能清楚地传达给读者。 第一档(差) (1-5 分) 1. 未完成试题规定的任务。 2. 明显遗漏主要内容，写了一些无关内容，原因可能是未理解试题要求。 3. 语法结构单调、词汇项目有限。 4. 较多语法结构或词汇方面的错误，影响对写作内容的理解。 5. 缺乏语句间的连接成分，内容不连贯。 6. 信息未能传达给读者。 不得分 （0 分） 未能传达给读者任何信息：内容太少，无法评判；写的内容均与所要求内容无关或所写内容 无法看清。
这是 2014 年苏锡常镇四市高三教学情况调查（二）英语试卷听力部分，该部分分为第一第 二两节。注意，回答听力部分时，请先将答案标在试卷上，听力部分结束后，你将有两分钟 的时间将你的答案转涂到答题卡上。
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第一节 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选 项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅 读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
停顿 5 秒 （叮咚铃声）
Text 1 W: What’s your plan for the weekend, Jack? M: I’ve read a lot about the Great Wall. Now that I’m in China, it’s a good chance for me to visit it. How about you? W: I’m going to buy some silk ties for my father.
停顿 10 秒 （叮咚铃声）
Text 2 W: Hi, um…, I really hope you can help me. M: That’s what I do here. What can I do for you? W: I’m supposed to borrow some books for my history course, but um… having a hard time finding them. I don’t even know which floor to start looking.
停顿 10 秒 （叮咚铃声）
Text 3 M: This lunch is on me today. W: I think you got it last time. M: It’s my pleasure. Let me pay the bill.
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Text 4 M: Hello. My name is John Smith. I booked a room 3 days ago. W: Just a minute, sir. Let me check the list. Yes, Mr Smith. You’ve reserved a single room for 4 days. Is that right? M: Yes. I may need to stay longer. Can you make it one more day? W: No problem, sir.
停顿 10 秒 （叮咚铃声）
Text 5 M: What’s the matter with you, Mary? You look tired. W: I didn’t sleep well last night. M: Maybe a stomachache or headache? W: Neither. The noise almost drove me mad.
停顿 10 秒 （叮咚铃声）
第二节 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项 中选出最佳选项。听每段对话或独白前，你将有时间阅读每个小题，听完后，每小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间，每段对话或独白读两遍。
听下面一段材料，回答第 6 至 7 题。现在你有 10 秒钟的时间来阅读这两个小题。
停顿 10 秒 （叮咚铃声）
Text 6 M: Kathy, you’ve been a little quiet since you came in. Is anything wrong? W: Oh, I’ve just been thinking about my classmate Don. M: What’s the matter? W: He failed the midterms, but his father expected to see good grades. M: I see. So he couldn’t deal with the pressure? W: Right. His father expected nothing but good grades. It’s really too bad. In fact, Don had tried hard. M: I’m glad my parents have never pressured me that way.
W: Don said that his father never stopped giving him pressure. He was constantly making comments like “You’d better study harder”. M: It makes things really tough.
停顿 2 秒 重复 停顿 10 秒 （叮咚铃声）
听下面一段材料，回答第 8 至 10 题。现在你有 15 秒钟的时间来阅读这三个小题。
停顿 15 秒（叮咚铃声）
Text 7 W: You enjoy good health. Could you please give me some advice on how to keep fit? M: I think the best way to keep fit is to go in for sports. W: What’s your favorite sport？ M: Table tennis, basketball and swimming. I’m also fond of practicing Wushu. Do you like sports? W: Oh, yes. I like watching sports programs on TV and I often go to the stadium to cheer for my favorite team. M: What sports do you usually do? W: I used to go swimming a lot but not any more. M: I think you might as well do some sports again. I’m going swimming today. Would you like to go with me？ W: I’d love to.
停顿 2 秒 重复 停顿 15 秒 （叮咚铃声）
听下面一段材料，回答第 11 至 13 题。现在你有 15 秒钟的时间来阅读这三个小题。
停顿 15 秒 （叮咚铃声）
Text 8 W: What do you plan to do after you graduate, Derek? M: I’m not sure yet. My father suggested getting a job in a bank. But I don’t think I’d enjoy counting other people’s money. W: But you wouldn’t mind counting your own. M: No. The trouble is I haven’t got any to count. W: Have you considered going to a graduate school? M: Yes. I’d rather do that than work in a bank. But my father said he couldn’t afford to pay the fees. W: So you’ve agreed to get a job then? M: Not yet. One of my professors has promised to help me. W: What did he say he would do? M: He said he would try to find me a teaching assistant’s job. He told me the salary would be enough to cover my fees and living expenses.
停顿 2 秒 重复 停顿 15 秒 （叮咚铃声）
听下面一段材料，回答第 14 至 16 题。现在你有 15 秒钟的时间来阅读这三个小题。
停顿 15 秒 （叮咚铃声）
Text 9 M: What are you reading about in that science magazine? W: There are several interesting articles in it. I’ve just finished reading one about cloning. M: I don’t like the idea at all. I don’t want people to copy me or any other people. It could be very confusing. W: According to the article, you have no real need to worry. Research nowadays is focusing on cloning parts of a human body to replace damaged or lost parts, not on recreating a whole human being. M: If so, we can benefit from it. W: In this article, scientists say that if you took the genes from someone and tried to create a copy of a person, there’s no guarantee that the copy would look or act like the original! M: Really? What else have you discovered? W: I read about how scientists are using material from plants and animals to create new medicines. M: That’s great, because it uses natural materials. I prefer natural medicines to man-made ones.
停顿 2 秒 重复 停顿 15 秒 （叮咚铃声）
听下面一段材料，回答第 17 至 20 题。现在你有 20 秒钟的时间来阅读这四个小题。
停顿 20 秒 （叮咚铃声）
Text 10 Hello, manager. I am David Robertson. I am making this tape to report your poor service. Thank you for listening. Last Thursday, I traveled on the 8:40 am train from Glasgow to London King’s Cross Station and I was very unhappy with the service provided by your company. The train was forty minutes late leaving Glasgow, and although the guard apologized, we were not given any reason for the delay. We then had further delays when the train crew changed at Preston and had to wait thirty more minutes. As a result, I missed my flight from London Heathrow Airport to Frankfurt and had to wait for several hours. What’s more, the service on the train was also very poor. The trip took over five hours. Unluckily, there was no restaurant on the train and there was only a bar with soft drinks. Worst of all, the air conditioning broke down half way through the trip and it got hotter and hotter in the train. However, there was no apology for this, and before we reached King’s Cross, the temperature was almost 40?C. I would be very grateful if you could make up for my loss, and make me feel more psychologically comfortable. Thank you.
停顿 2 秒 重复 停顿 20 秒 （叮咚铃声）