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2015年广州中考英语真题及答案(WORD版)


广州市 2015 年初中毕业生学业考试 英语 本试卷分共五大题,12 页,满分 135 分,考试时间 120 分钟。 注意事项: 1. 答卷前,考生务必在答题卡上用黑色字迹的钢笔或签字笔填写自己的考生号、姓名、试室 号、座位号,再用 2B 铅笔把对应这两个标号涂黑。 2. 选择题每小题选出答案后,用 2B 铅笔把答题卡和对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需要改动, 用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案。不能答在试卷上。 3. 非选择题必须用黑色字迹的钢笔或签字笔作答,答案必须写在答题卡各题目指定区域的相 应位置上;如需要改动,先划掉原来的答案,然后再写上新的答案,改动的答案也不能超出指 定的区域;不准使用铅笔、圆珠笔和涂改液。不按以上要求作答的答案无效。 4. 考生必须保持答题卡的整洁,考试结束,将本试卷和答题卡一并交回。 一、听力(共两节,满分 35 分) 第一节听力理解(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 每段播放两遍。各段后有几个小题, 各段播放前每小题有 5 秒钟的阅读。请根据各段播放内容及其相关小题,在 5 秒钟内从题中所 给的 A、 B、C 项中, 选出最佳选项, 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 听下面一段对话,回答第 1~ 3 三个小题。 ( )1. Where does the talk take place? A. At school. B. At Kelly’s house. C. At Jason’s house. ( )2. What is the talk mainly about? A. Ways to improve the environment. B. The school project they were given. C. The reasons Jason wasn’t at school. ( )3. What do the speakers finally decide to do? A. To clean up the river. B. To do some tree planting. C. To help the school save water. 听下面一段对话,回答第 4~6 三个小题。 ( )4. Who is listening to the talk? A. Teachers. B. University students. C. New workers. ( )5. Why does the speaker think that he is very lucky? A. He works for a large company. B. He has a well-paid job. C. He does something he loves. ( )6. What kind of person does a boss prefer? A. Someone from a famous university. B. Someone with work experience. [来源:学&科&网Z&X&X&K] C. Someone who likes using computers. 听下面一段对话,回答第7~9三个小题。 ( )7. How much did the man give the woman in total? A. $25. B. $32. C. $42. ( )8. Where will the man go after the talk? A. To a meeting B. To a restaurant. C. To his hotel room.
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)9. What can we guess about the man from the talk? A. He works at the Star City Hotel. B. He does not know the area well. C. He often eats at this restaurant. 听下面一段对话,回答第10~12三个小题。 ( )10. What is the purpose of the talk? A. To report on a natural disaster. B. To ask the government for help. C. To collect money for people in need. ( )11. How long have the people in the countryside suffered from little rain? A. Ten years. B. One year. C. Two months. ( )12. How does China Aid plan to help the farmers? A. By giving seeds to them. B. By buying water for them. C. By sending books to their children. 听下面一段话,回答第13~15三个小题。 ( )13. What has the girl prepared for breakfast? A. Coffee, eggs and chocolate. B. Bread, eggs and cake. C. Cake, milk and tea. ( )14. How did the girl pay for the gifts? A. With her own cash. B. With her bank card. C. With her father’s bank card. [来源:学|科|网Z|X|X|K] ( )15. What did the girl do last night? A. She damaged her father’s car. B. She bought her father movie tickets. C. She booked a table at a restaurant. 第二节听取信息(共 5 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 5 分) 听下面一段独白,请根据题目要求,从所听到的内容中获取必要的信息,填入答题卡标号为 A~E 的空格中。听录音前,你将有 15 秒钟的阅题时间。录音播放两遍。你将有 80 秒钟的作答 时间。

二、语言知识及运 用(共两节,满分20分) 第一节单项选择(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10 分) 从16~25各题所级的A、B、C和D项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上 将该项涂黑。 ( )16. Hurry up, kids! The school bus is coming. We have ______ time left.
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A. few B. a few C. little D. a little ( )17. Sarah, you’d better drink more water after ______ for such a long time. A. run B. runs C. to run D. running ( )18. Emma looked after her pet dog ______ of all her friends. A. careful B. most careful C. more carefully D. the most carefully ( )19. The weather forecast says that ______ another storm tomorrow. A. there will have B. there will be C. there has D. there has been ( )20. The stories ______ were written by Mark Twain are often humorous. A. that B. those C. who D . what ( )21. Miss Brown, we ______ cleaning our classroom. Can we go home now? A. finish B. finishing C. are finished D. have finished ( )22. The boy looked ______ because he didn’t pass his maths exam. A. sad B. sadness C. saddest D. sadly ( )23. Many houses ______ by the earthquake and thousands of people were left homeless. A. damaged B. were damaged C. were damaging D. are damaged ( )24. --- ______will the invitations be sent to our guests? --- In three days. A. How often B. How soon C. How long D. How far ( )25. Could you tell me ______ a moment ago? A. what were they talking about B. what are they talking about C. what they were talking about D. what they are talking about 第二节语法选择(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分) 阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性 和上下文连贯的要求,从26~35各题所给的A、B、C和D项中选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将 该项涂黑。 Once, a king loved music so much that he searched the world for the best instrument. One day, a magic man 26 the king a harp(竖琴). The king took it to the palace, but 27 he played it, the harp sounded terrible. Many 28 people tried it. They agreed that the harp was 29 and the king had been fooled. The harp was thrown out as rubbish. A poor little girl 30 found the harp, and even though she didn’t know how 31 it, she decided to have a try. She played and played, the whole day through, for months and years. The music she produced was never perfect, 32 each time it sounded a little better. Then one day, suddenly, the harp started to play the most beautiful music. It was in fact 33 magic harp, and could only be played well by someone who would put in the necessary effort. The king heard the music from his window, and called the girl to the palace. When the king saw that she was playing his old harp, he was filled 34 joy. At that moment he made the girl his own private 35 , giving her and her family many riches. ( )26. A. offer B. offers C. offered D. has offered ( )27. A. when B. before C. if D. because ( )28. A. another B. other C. others D. the other ( )29. A. used B. using C. useless D. uselessness ( )30. A. late B. lately C. latest D. later ( )31. A. played B. to play C. playing D. to playing ( )32. A. so B. and C. or D. but ( )33. A. a B. an C. the D. / ( )34. A. in B. of C. by D. with
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( )35. A. music B. musical C. musician D. musically 三、完形填空(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从 36~45 各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Kierman was born in Sydney, Australia, and grew up near the sea. For more than 40 years, he raced in international sailing competitions. In 1987, Kierman was competing in an around-the-world race when he began to 36 the huge amount of rubbish in the world’s oceans. When he returned to Australia, he 37 to do something about it. He organized a community 38 called “Clean Up Sydney Harbour.” On Sunday, January 8, 1989, more than 40,000 volunteers came out to 39 away rubbish. The next year, Kierman made the clean-up a national event. It was a huge 40 . Across Australia, about 300,000 people spent the day improving their local 41 . Since then, “Clean Up Australia” has got 42 every year. In 2002, for example,800,000 people cleaned up almost 15,000 tons of rubbish from Australia’s beaches, parks and streets. Kierman was 43 with the success of his project. In 2003, he started an even bigger program. With the 44 of the United Nations Environment Program, he introduced “Clean Up the World”, an international program that supports communities around the world in cleaning up and protecting the environment. “Clean Up the World” has grown 45 and his wonderful idea has now spread from one city to the whole world. ( )36. A. save B. collect C. notice D. produce ( )37. A. refused B. decided C. pretended D. stopped ( )38. A. law B. party C. company D. event ( )39. A. clear B. send C. turn D. give ( )40. A. problem B. success C. surprise D. failure ( )41. A. culture B. project C. government D. environment ( )42. A. older B. smaller C. bigger D. faster ( )43. A. happy B. angry C. disappointed D. concerned ( )44. A. need B. help C. hope D. action ( )45. A. loudly B. gently C. rapidly D. busily 四、阅读理解(共20小题;每小题2分,满分40分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所级的A、B、C 和D项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 (A) This is a tale of two friends --- one is blind, the other has no arms. On their own, the two are “disabled”. But together, they are a powerful team that has changed part of their village in North China’s Hebei Province into a rich, green forest. Meet 53-year-old Jia Haixia and Jia Wenqi! Their story began in 2000, when Haixia, who was already blind in his right eye, lost his left one after an illness. Wenqi lost his arms in an accident when he was just three. Neither[来源:Z|xx|k.Com] could find a job, so the two decided to team up. They rented some poor land and began to plant trees. In return, the local officials paid them a small fee. Haixia and Wenqi never imagined that they would end up creating an environmental paradise. Their forest now has over 10,000 trees, hundreds of birds and many other wild animals. In addition, it saves the village from river flooding during the rainy season. When the friends work together, they focus on their strengths not their disabilities. Their day begins at 7 a.m. when the sightless Haixia carries Wenqi across the river to get to their worksite. Since they cannot afford to buy young trees to plant, the two use branches from existing trees. Haixia climbs to the tree-top and with Wenqi’s direction, selects the perfect branch.
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He then digs a hole and carefully plants it. Finally Wenqi waters the area. Though hard-working, the men don’t make much money. But as Wenqi puts it, “We stand on our own feet, so the fruits of our work taste sweeter.” Neither Haixia nor Wenqi cares about money. Together, they already have everything they need --- a perfect pair of eyes, two strong hands, and the best friendship in the world! ( )46. Why did Haixia and Wenqi start working together? A. Haixia needed someone to help him. B. They both needed a way to make money. C. They wanted to improve the environment. D. They were required to do so by local offcials. ( )47. Haixia and Wenqi’s forest has helped the village by______ . A. stopping floods in the rainy season B. increasing the number of tourists C. making the villagers richer D. providing more farmland ( )48. Why do Haixia and Wenqi plant tree branches? A. They are easy to get. B. They do not cost money. C. They can grow very quickly. D. They are preferred by animals. ( )49. In paragraph 5, when Wenqi says “We stand on our own feet, so the fruits of our work taste sweeter”, he means that “______”. A. they hope to make the forest even better B. the fruits from their trees are very sweet C. they are proud not to depend on others D. they are able to do any difficult work ( )50. What can we learn from this story? A. Never give up and you will succeed. B. We should help the disabled to work. C. Try your best when facing difficulties. D. We can achieve more with teamwork. (B) Most of us probably live without vegetables, but a world without chocolate? Now that would be hard! According to chocolate makers it could happen if we don’t act soon. There are two main causes of the chocolate shortage --- chocolate’s growing popularity and less production of cocoa, the plant from which chocolate is made. With more and more people in India and China loving chocolate, not much can be done about the first cause. Therefore, the only thing we can do is to increase cocoa production. However, new plant diseases and little rain in Ivory Coast and Ghana, the world’s largest producers, have reduced cocoa production by 40 percent in the past 10 years. What’s worse, many cocoa farmers in Africa and other cocoa-producing countries like Indonesia and Venezuela are changing to easier-to-grow crops such as corn or rubber. This way, the farmers can make more money. To prevent more farmers from changing, researcher s at the newly opened International Cocoa Control Centre, in the UK, are trying to create new cocoa plants that are stronger and faster growing. But first they must make sure the new plants are safe to grow. This takes a long time.
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First, each new plant is stored at the Control Centre for six months to make sure it is healthy. It is then planted in the Centre’s fields, studied and tested for another two years. Only after scientists are certain that they’re disease-free, will the plants be sent to farmers in West Africa or wherever else they are needed. To create new stronger types of cocoa, scientists at the Centre are combining the best parts from different cocoa plants. Though the world is facing a serious chocolate sho rtage, there is now hope! ( )51. The first paragraph tells us that______. A. chocolate is healthier than vegetables B. the world could soon be without chocolate C. people love vegetables more than chocolate D. it’s not necessary to eat so much chocolate ( )52. In which countries has chocolate become more popular in recent years? A. Venezuela and Indonesia. B. Ivory Coast and Ghana. C. Indonesia and China. D. China and India. ( )53. Cocoa farmers are choosing to grow rubber and corn because these crops______. A. can make them more money B. need less rain to grow C. can be planted more times each year D. are not damaged by plant diseases ( )54. How long does it take scientists at the Centre to make sure a cocoa plant is safe to grow? A. 6 months. B. 12 months. C. 24 months. D. 30 months. ( )55. What is one of the pu rposes of the Cocoa Control Centre? A. To introduce cocoa production to more countries. B. To provide more chocolate for British people. C. To produce stronger types of cocoa plants. D. To make sure that cocoa is healthy to eat. (C) On March 3, 1887, the lives of two amazing women were changed forever when Anne Sullivan, a poor university graduate, arrived at the home of the wealthy Keller family to teach theirsix-year-old daughter Helen. It was a difficult job as Helen was unable to see, hear or speak because of illness. Anne had been suggested to the Kellers by her university professor, a close friend of Mr. Keller. Before she arrived, Anne expected her new pupil to be a quiet, weak child. But Helen was nothing like that. When Anne first walked through the Kellers’ door, the energetic Helen nearly knocked her over in her hurry to feel Anne’s face, clothing and bag. Helen was used to visitors bringing her sweets, and angrily tried to force open Anne’s case to take her candy. But Anne calmed her down by allowing Helen to play with her watch. So began one of the most successful student-teacher relationships in history. Anne Sullivan was only twenty years old when she began teaching Helen. She had to not only teach the child all the usual school subjects, but also control Helen’s sometimes wild behaviour. Her well-meaning parents allowed Helen to do as she liked at home. Realizing that such an environment was unsuitable for learning, Anne requested that she and Helen live in a small house nearby. As soon as Helen began learning, it became clear that she was especially intelligent. She quickly learned to read and write, and by the age of ten she could also speak.
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In 1900, Helen started studying at Radcliffe University, and graduated first in her class in 1904. She was the very first blind and deaf person to get a university degree. How did she do it? Anne Sullivan read all of Helen’s books and then signed the information into her hand. Anne remained at Helen’s side until her death in 1936. Helen became a world-famous writer, and fought for disabled people’s rights until her death on Jun 1, 1968. ( )56. How did Anne come to work at the Kellers’ home? A. She replied to a job advertisement. B. She was introduced by her family friend. C. she was recommended by her university professor. D. She met Mr. Keller while studying at university. ( )57. What surprised Anne most about Helen when they first met? A. How intelligent Helen was. B. Helen gave Anne a gift. C. The way Helen’s parents treated her. D. How forceful Helen was. ( )58. According to the passage, Helen’s parents______. A. allowed her to do as she wished B. gave her too many gifts and sweets. C. did not spend much time with her D. cared little about her education. ( )59. Which of the following is NOT true about Helen’s university studies? A. She was greatly helped by Anne. B. She was the best student in her class. C. She was able to graduate in three years. D. She was the first deaf and blind university graduate. ( )60. According to the passage, both Anne and Helen____ __. A. died in their 60s B. were well educated C. came from rich families D. fought for human rights

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)61. “Dolphin Intelligence” is probably a story about dolphins’ ______. A. eating habits B. living places C. learning activities D. communication methods ( )62. What is true about New York according to the website? A. People are now afraid to visit. B. Millions of tourists go there. C. It has some new activities. D. It offers many big apples. ( )63. A person going to the page “The Magic of Night Markets” would expect to find______. A. a long article about night markets B. an interview with night market sellers C. many photographs of newly market foods and food shops D. many pictures of night market foods and food shops ( )64. From which page can a reader get some useful advice on photography? A. Video B. Visions of Earth C. Your Shot D. Photo of the Day ( )65. What has been the most popular story on the website this week? A. Top Danger for Lions: Hunting B. Controlling the Mekong C. A Day in New York D. Amazing Amazon 五、写作(共三节,满分30分) 第一节单词拼写(共5小题,每小题1分,满分5分) 根据下列句子及所给单词的首字母写出所 缺单词。在填写答卷时,要求写出完整单词(每空限填一词) 66.It is a p______ that the weather is so bad today. We can’t go to a picnic. 67.You should always knock at the door before you e______ a room. 68.Close the window or the wind will b______ everything off my desk. 69.The young woman is very b______. She is not afraid of anything. (
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70.It’s very p______ to say “Thank you” when someone helps you. 第二节完成句 子(共5小题,每小题2分,满分10分) 根据所给的汉语内容,用英语完成下列句子。(每空限填一词) 71. 现在越来越多的外国人对中国文化感兴趣了。 Now more and more foreigners______ ______ ______ Chinese culture. 72. 根据奶奶的建议,这汤应该煮上两个小时以上。 The soup______ ______ ______ for more than two hours according to Grandma. 73. 我桌子上的钥匙不见了,不知谁拿走了。 The key on my desk is gone. I wonder______ ______ it away. 74. 这部电影真乏味啊!我都快睡着了。 ______ ______ ______ movie it was! I almost fell asleep. 75. 如果你现在不出发,你就会错过末班车。 ______ you don’t leave now, you______ ______ the final bus. 第三节书面表达 (共 1 题, 满分 15 分) 你校将开设一些特色课程, 学生可根据兴趣进行选择。 请根据以下内容提示为学校英文网页写一篇短文,介绍这些课程、提出你建议增设的课程并说 明理由。

Students in our school are free to choose some special courses according to their interest. … 注意:1. 参考词汇:模型制作 model making 2. 词数 80 左右(文章开头已给出,不计入词数) ; 3. 不得透露学校、姓名等任何个人信息,否则不予评分。

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2015年广州市初中毕业生学业考试 英语试题 参考答案及解析 一、听力(略) 二、语言知识与运用 第一节 单项选择 16-20 BADDC 21-25 DABBC 【解析】 16. C 考查代词few与little的区别。首先,few修饰可数名词,little修饰不可数名词。根据 time是不可数名词,排除A,B。再根据题意“Hurry up”可知表示否定意思“几乎没时间”,故选C。 17. D 考查动词形式。根据after为介词,后接动词ing形式,故选D。 18. D 考查形容词的比较级与最高级。 根据后文有范围“of all her friends”可知用最高级, 排除A、 C,又根据最高级前面要加the,故选D。 19. B 考查there be句型。 首先there be表示“有”, 不与have、 has连用, 排除A、 C。 又根据tomorrow 可知,用一般将来时,故选B。 20. A 考查定语从句的关系代词。先行词是the stories,指物,定语从句缺主语;先行词在从句 中充当主语。这时候可以填which与that。比对答案,故选A。 21. D 考查时态(现在完成时)。本题意思“我们已经打扫完教室。我们现在可以回家了吗?” 强调打扫完教室对现在造成的影响,用现在完成时have done,故选D。 22. A 考查形容词。根据动词looked是感官系动词,后跟形容词,表示“看起来忧伤”,故选A。 23. B 考查被动语态。根据题意“很多房子被毁坏”,需要用被动语态be done,排除A、C,又根 据后文were提示,应用过去式,故选B。 24. B 考查特殊疑问词。A选项how often表示“多经常”,用于询问频率; B选项 how soon 表 示“多久之后”,需用“in +一段时间”回答; C选项 how long 表示“多长时间”,常用“for +一段 时间”或“since+时间段+ago”回答。 根据回答,故选B。 25. C 考查宾语从句的时态和语序。宾语从句通常是陈述语序,引导词what+主语+谓语,所 以先排除AB。宾语从句时态原则:主现从随便,主过从必过,真理规律永一现。根据ago,从 句动作发生在过去,故用一般过去时。故选C。 第二节 语法选择 26-30 CABCD 31-35 BDADC’ 【解析】 26.C 考查时态。根据上文one day提示,应用一般过去时。 27.A 考查状语从句引导词。根据句意“但是当他弹奏的时候…”,故选when。 28.B 考查代词。another表示三者或者三者以上的“另一个”;other表示“其他”,后可接名词; others表示“其他的…”,后不可接名词;the other表示两者中的“另一个”。根据文意“很2

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多其他的人尝试过”且后有名词people,故选other。 29.C 考查词义辨析。根据后文as rubbish提示,得知句意应为“他们同意那把竖琴是没有用的”, 故排除A、B,又根据be动词后加形容词,故选C。 30.D 考查词义辨析。late表示“迟到,晚的”;lately表示“最近”;latest表示“最新的”;later表示 “稍后”,根据文意“贫穷的小女孩之后发现了那把竖琴”,故选D。 31.B 考查动词形式。特殊疑问词+to do可做宾语,故选B。 32.D 考查连词。根据句意“每次弹奏的音乐从来都不完美,但每次听起来都有提升”可知前后 句是转折关系,故选D。 33.A 考查冠词。根据句意“实际上它是一把有魔力的 竖琴”表示泛指,用在首字母非元音发音 的magic单词前,故选A。 34.D 考查介词。固 定搭配,be filled with表示“充满…”。 35.C 考查构词法。music为名词,表示“音乐”;musical为形容词,表示“音乐的”;musician为 名词,表示“音乐家”;musically为副词,表示“音乐地”。根据文意“他让小女孩成为他的私人音 乐师”,故选C。 三、完形填空 36-40 CBDAB 41-45 DCABC 【解析】 36.C 考查的是动词辨析和上下文理解。save表示“节约、拯救”, notice表示“注意”,collect 表示“收集”,produce表示“生产”。根据下文,可知道“当他从澳大利亚回来的时候,他决定做 一些事情解决海洋垃圾问题”,所以在他参加比赛时应是“注意”到海上有很多垃圾,因此选C。 37.B 考查的是词组辨析。refuse to表示“拒绝做”,decide to表示“决定做”, pretend to表 示“假装做”,stop to表示“停下来去做另一件事”,从下文“他发起一个清理垃圾的社区活动”可 知选decide to。 38.D 考查的是名词辨析和上下文理解。根据下文第3段“Kierman made the clean-up a national event”,Kierman把这个清洁活动变成一个全国性的活动”,可知他刚开始组织的是一个“社区活 动”,因此选event表示“活动”。 39.A 考查的是词组。clear away表示“清理”,send away表示“发送、遣散”, turn away表示 “拒绝、离开”,give away表示“捐赠”,根据上文“他组织了一个叫做’清理悉尼海湾’的活动”可 知这些人应该是出来“清理垃圾”,因此选clear away。 40.B 考查名词和上下文。文中讲到许多人参加这个活动清理垃圾,应该是获得巨大成功,因 此选B 41.D 考查考查名词和上下文。根据上文可知,许多人参加这个活动清理垃圾,应该是“改善当 地环境”,因此,此处应该填“environment”表示环境。 42.C 考查上下文。1990年大约3000,000人参加这个活动,2002年有8000,000人参加,所以 这个活动应该是“每年规模更大”,另外,下文第5段提到In 2003, he started an even bigger program,,因此选bigger。 43.A 考查形容词辨析。 happy表示“高兴的”, angry表示“生气的”, disappointed表示“沮丧的”, concerned表示“担心的”,根据常识,活动获得成功应该是“高兴”,故选“happy”。 [来源:学.科. 网] 44.B 考查词组。“with the help of”表示“在……的帮助下”,无“with the need/hope/action of”的用 法,因此选“help”。 45.C 考查副词和上下文理解。loudly表示“大声地”, gently表示“温柔地”, rapidly表示“迅速 地”, busily表示“忙碌地”,上文讲到每年参加清洁活动的人越来越多,下文讲到他的想法现 在已经从一个城市发展到全世界,表明这个活动发展迅速,因此选rapidly。
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四、阅读理解 46—50 BABCD 51—55 BDADC 56—60 CDACB 61—65 DBDCA 【解析】 A 46. B 细节推理题。题目问的是Haixia和Wenqi开始一起工作的原因,这要原文定位到他们 开始工作的段落--B段。 The story began这句话就提醒我们他们是一个powerful team的缘由。 首 先介绍他们身体的残缺,关键句:Neither could find a job, so the two decided to team up.这句话 的so是关键字,表示前面不能找到工作是原因 ,结果是后面的他们组成了一个团队。从而从不 能找到工作而组队这个细节推理出出46题的答案B they both needed a way to make money,故本 题选B。 47. A 细节理解题。这道题是比较典型的细节题,主要运用原文定位+排除法。题目问的是 他们帮助村庄的方式,题目关键词:by 根据每段主题句(第一句)具体帮助村名的方式应该 主要定位在C段。 C段有2个关键点 (通过in addition判断) : 1.environmental paradise 2. save from flooding.逐一排除选项:B选项--文中没有提及。C选项--细节错误,他们帮助村民创建的是一 个environmental paradise,专注于环境的改善,并非经济上的实际收益。D选项--信息错误,文 中B段仅仅提及他们租用地块,并非提供给其他村民farmland. A选项正确,定位原文C段最后 一句,他们帮助村民阻止雨季中的洪灾,故选A。 48. B 细节题。题目问的是为什么他们种植树枝。关键字定位tree branches. 原文定位D段 第四行, 关键字since, 原因状语从句, 表明他们使用树枝的原因是they cannot afford to buy young trees to plant. 故选B.使用树枝的原因是不需要花钱。 49. C 推理题。把题目提及句子定位到原文倒数第二段。他们觉得果实更加甜的原因是we stand on our own feet,根据语境这里表示的意思是自己能够独立,与C选项符合,故选C. [来源: 学|科|网] 50. D 主旨题。主旨题通常从首尾段看出,尤其最后段的感叹句强调了作者的情感,两个关 键点:1.together 2. The best friendship 表明是他们的团队精神让他们能够创造出更多的成果。 B 51. B 推理判断题。 第一段中心句为“According to chocolate makers it could happen if we don’t act soon. 这里it指的是a world without chocolate.”故选B。 52. D 细节理解题。第二段最后一句话:“With more and more people in India and China loving 4

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chocolate. ”故选D。 53. A 细节理解题。第三段最后一句话:“This way, the farmers can make more money. ”This指的 即是“cocoa farmers are changing to easier-to-grow crops such as corn or rubber.”故选A。 54. D 推理判断题。第五段中由“First, each new plant is stored at the Control Centre for six months”、“It is then planted in the Centre’s fields, studied and tested for another two years.”,得出 需要2年6个月即30个月。故选D。 55. C 细节理解题。第四段中“To prevent more farmers from changing, researchers at the newly opened International Cocoa Control Centre, in the UK, are trying to create new cocoa plants that are stronger and faster growing.” C 56.C 细节理解题。第二段“Anne had been suggested to the Kellers by her university professor, a close friend of Mr. Keller” 57.D 推理判断题。第二段“Before she arrived, Anne expected her new pupil to be a quiet, weak child. But Helen was nothing like that”及Helen的表现“the energetic Helen nearly knocked her over in her hurry to feel Anne’s face, clothing and bag.”、第三段“angrily to force open Anne’s case to open her candy.” 故选D。force open sth. 意为“大力打开某物”,forceful意为“强有力的”。 58. A 细节理解题。 由第五段“Her well-meaning parents allowed Helen to do as she liked at home.” 推断选出A。 59. C 细节理解题。最后一段“In 1900, Helen started studying at Radcliffe University, and graduated first in her class in 1904.”一共四年,故选C。 60. B 细节理解题。此题可用排除法做,A选项,开头提到1887年时Helen是6岁,末尾提到她 去世时是1968年,推断她去世时是87岁。C选项,由第一段“Anne Sullivan,a poor university graduat e”得出C是错的。D选项文章只在最后一段提到了“Helen fought for disabled people’s right”而不是“human rights”。师徒两人均读完大学,可以被称作是“well educated”.故选B。 D 61. D 细节题。定位到Dolphin Intelligence段落,最后一句话,what she discovered about dolphin communication and what dolphin say. 关键是海豚之间的沟通方式,故选D. 62. B 细节题。定位到New York部分,采用排除法。A选项--错误,文中说的是曾经人们害 怕这个城市(文中once 表“曾经”,并且用了过去式),并非A选项提及的now信息 不符。C选 项--new activities与原文的interesting不符, 偷换概念。 D选项----与原文不符合, 原文的Big Apple 大写首字母应该为专有名词, 并非真的apples, 故不对。 B选项---与原文提及的Now tourists are visiting New York each year符合,选项中的millions of有“成千上万的,无数的”的含义,突出人 数多,和原文表达意思一致。故选B. 63. D 细节题。原文定位”The Magic of Night Markets”部分。依然采用排除法,A&B选项文 章没有提及。C选项--与原文不符合,原文标题已经突出Night,并非newly market,再次偷换原 文概念,混淆答案。D选项--正确,因为原文的the real attraction是夜市的食物,所以人们预期 能看到关于夜市食物的照片。 64. C 细节题。原文定位关于photography.这个出现在三个大标题中的Photography. 根据文中 “get helpful tips and advice”判断正确答案为C。 65. A 细节题。原文第三个大标题:Most Read This Week.表明最多人阅读的文章,第一位就

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是Top Danger for Lions: Hunting. 故选A. 五、写作 第一节 单词拼写 66.pity 67. enter 68. blow 69. brave 70. polite 第二节 完成句子 71. are/become interested in 72.should be cooked 73.who took 74. What a boring 75. If, will miss 第三节 作文 范文1: Students in our school are free to choose some special courses according to their interest. These courses will help students relax themselves after school. There are many courses for them to choose, such as English drama, football, or model making. Here is more information. If you want to improve your oral English, English drama may be the first choice. It is a good chance to practice not only oral English, but also performing skills. If you are interested in football, take the football course. It is good for your physical health. Besides, you can learn more about teamwork. What about model making? You will be amazed by the science world and become interested in it. For my part, a painting course can be added, because students like drawing so much. I hope these courses would be helpful and each student would enjoy a bright and colorful school life here! 范文2: Students in our school are free to choose some special courses according to their interests. It is such cheerful news because it can enrich students’ after-school lives. Here is some information about each course. If you are keen on sports, soccer course will be a great choice. Not only can it make you strong and healthy, but also offers you a good chance to make friends and encourage teamwork. For those who are interested in science, model making is definitely their favorite. Students can get to know more about science, which will greatly arouse their interest. If you want to practice your oral English, you can take a course on English drama. When you are challenging different characters, you also learn how to perform them. In my opinion, I suggest adding a music course. Lots of students are suffering from the stress of study. It is relaxing for them to play musical instruments. Hope everyone can enjoy the courses mentioned above.

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