山西省忻州一中 14-15 高三第一次四校联考
试题说明：1. 本试卷分第一卷（选择题）和第二卷（非选择题）两部分。 2．满分 150 分。考试用时 120 分钟。 3. 听力计入总分。
第一部分 听力（共两节,满分 20 分） 第一节(共 5 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 5 分)
共 115 分）
听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项,并 标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每 段对话仅读一遍。 1．What did the woman’s sister use to be? A．A teacher． 2．How did the man come here? A．By bus． A．Marry. 4．When will the train leave? A．At 9:00. 5．What is the man doing? A．Watching TV． B．Answering the phone． C．Repairing the TV． 第二节(共15小题；每小题1分，满分15分) 听下面5段对话。每段对话后有几个小题，从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项，并 标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话前，你将有时间阅读各个小题，每小题5秒钟；听完后，各小题给 出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话读两遍。 听第6段材料，回答第6、7题。 6．What do the speakers decide to do at last? A．Have a rest． 7．Who has just given birth to a baby? A. Lisa． 听第7段材料，回答第8至9题。 8．When did the woman show Mr. brown around the company? A．Yesterday morning． A．To the restaurant． 听第8段材料，回答第10至12题。 10．How much does the woman want to spend on a gift? A．About $20． B．About $30．
B．A doctor ． B．By taxi． B．Jack． B．At 10:00.
C．A nurse. C．By car． C．Jane． C．At 10:30．
3．Whom does the dictionary belong to?
B．Play basketball． B. Lucy．
C．Visit Lucy． C. The woman．
B．Yesterday afternoon． B. To the factory．
C．Yesterday evening. C．To the hospital.
9．Where did the quality manager go yesterday?
11．What gift does the woman decide to buy at last? A．A cartoon book． B．A pen and a pencil box. C．A book on how to play games． 12．What do we know about the woman’s son? A．He is ten years old． B．He likes to write books． C．He plays PC games very well． 听第9段材料，回答第13至16题。 13．What does the woman think of her shopping trip? A．Surprising． 14．Why was Jane late? A．Her watch was slow． B．Her car broke down． C．She met a friend in the street． 15．Where did the woman and Jane actually meet? A．At the woman’s clothing department． B．At the east entrance of the department． C．At the main entrance of the department． 16．What did the woman buy? A．A sweater． 听第10段材料，回答第17至20题。 17．What is the woman? A．A photographer． B．A musician． C．An explorer． 18．What did the woman like doing in Africa? A．Meeting many interesting people． B．Seeing animals run freely in the wild． C．Enjoying the beautiful natural scenery． 19．Which country has the woman visited? A．Spain． A．The high cost of traveling． B．The long distance of traveling． C．The impolite tourists of some places． 第二部分 阅读理解（共两节，满分50分） 第一节 (共15小题;每小题2.5分，满分37.5分) 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上将 该项涂黑。
20．What does the woman complain about?
Have you ever heard of a great Chilean poet? He was once referred to as the Picasso of poetry. Beloved by Chileans of all classes, he is one of the most widely read and respected poets in history. And this year is
the 110th birthday of Pablo Neruda (1904-1973). Born with the name Neftali Ricardo Reyes Basolto, he was a tall, shy and lonely boy. He loved to read and started to write poetry when he was ten. The American poet Walt Whitman, whose framed picture Neruda later kept on his table, became a major influence on his work. However, his father did not like the idea of having a poet for a son and tried to discourage him from writing. To cover up the publication of his first poem, he took the pen name Pablo Neruda. In 1924 Neruda gained fame with his most widely read work “Twenty Love Poems and a Song of Despair’’. Yet his rich experience as a diplomat and exile made him go beyond the theme of love. His work also reflected the political struggle of the left and development of South America. He was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1971. Neruda loved the sea which he saw as creative, destructive and forever moving. He found inspiration in the power and freedom of the waves and the seabirds on the coast. “I need the sea because it teaches me,” he wrote. “I move in the university of the waves.” He loved how the sea forever renewed itself, a renewal echoed (共鸣) in his work. 21. The underlined word “Picasso” can probably be replaced by “________”. A. poem fan C. famous person from Picasso A. he was greatly influenced by other poets B. literary greats usually used the pen name C. his father encouraged him to use the name D. he wanted to prevent his father knowing the publication 23. Which of the following is not the theme of his works? A. Social reform. C. Political struggle. 24. The last paragraph mainly tells us ________. A. Neruda loved to write his poems near the sea B. the sea gave Neruda vast writing inspiration C. the beautiful scenery along the Chile coast D. Neruda’s poems were widely read overseas B Traditionally, across the world, boys and girls attend a mixed school, where they study together. But boys' schools are the perfect place to teach young men to express their emotions and involve them in activities such as art, dance and music. Boys at single-sex schools were said to be more likely to get involved in cultural and artistic activities that helped develop their emotional expressiveness, rather than feeling they had to correspond to(和…相符) the "boy code" of hiding their emotions to be a "real man". The findings of the study go against received wisdom that boys do better when taught alongside girls. Tony Little, head master of Eton, warned that boys were being failed by the British education system because it had become too focused on girls. He criticized teachers for failing to recognize that boys are actually more emotional than girls.
B. most important person D. freedom fighter in Picasso
22. Neftali Ricardo Reyes Basolto took the pen name Pablo Neruda because ________.
B. Love. D. Development of South America.
The research argued that boys often perform badly in mixed schools because they become discouraged when girls do better earlier in speaking and reading skills. But in single-sex schools teachers can tailor lessons to boys' learning style, letting them move around the classroom and getting them to compete in teams to prevent boredom, wrote the study's author, Abigail James, of the University of Virginia. Teachers could encourage boys to enjoy reading and writing with "boy-focused" approaches such as themes and characters that appeal to them. Because boys generally have more acute vision, learn best through touch, and are physically more active, they need to be given "hands-on" lessons where they are allowed to walk around. "Boys in mixed schools view classical music as feminine（女性的） and prefer the modern genre （类型） in which violence and sexism are major themes," James wrote. Single-sex education also made it less likely that boys would feel that they had to be "masterful and in charge" in relationships. "In mixed schools, boys feel forced to act like men before they understand themselves well enough to know what that means," the study reported. 25. The author believes that a single-sex school would __________. A. force boys to hide their emotions to be "real men" B. help boys to be more competitive in schools. C. encourage boys to express their emotions more freely D. naturally strengthen boys’ traditional image of a man 26. It is commonly believed that in a mixed school boys __________. A. behave more responsibly. C. perform relatively better. B. grow up pore healthily. D. receive a better education.
27. According to Abigail James, one of the advantages of single-sex schools is __________. A. teaching can be tailored to suit the characteristics of boys B. boys can focus on their lessons without being distracted C. boys can choose to learn whatever they are interested in D. teaching can be designed to promote boys' team spirit 28. What does the underlined word “acute” in paragraph 8” mean? A. lovely Dear Friend, The recent success of children's books has made the general public aware that there's a huge market out there. And there's a growing need for new writers trained to create the $3 billion worth of children's books bought each year ... plus stories and articles needed by over 650 publishers of magazines for children and teenagers. Who are these needed writers? They're ordinary folks like you and me. But am I good enough? I was once where you might be now. My thoughts of writing had been pushed down by self-doubt, and I didn't know where to turn for help. Then, I accepted a free offer from the Institute to test my writing aptitude （潜能） ,and it turned out to be the inspiration I needed.
B. sharp C
The promise that paid off The Institute made the same promise to me that they will make to you, if you show basic writing ability: You will complete at least one manuscript（手稿） suitable to hand in to a publisher by the time you finish our course. I really didn't expect any publication before I finished the course, but that happened. I sold three stories. And I soon discovered that was not unusual at the Institute. Since graduation, I have authored 34 nationally published children's books and over 300 stories and articles. Free test and brochure We offer a free aptitude test and will send you a copy of our brochure describing our recognized home-study courses on the basis of one-on-one training. Realize your writing dream today. There's nothing sadder than a dream delayed until it fades forever. Sincerely,
Kristi Holl, Instructor Institute of Children's Literature 29. From the first three paragraphs, we learn that_____. A. children’s books are usually bestsellers B. there is a growing need for writers of children's C. magazines for teenagers have drawn public attention D. publishers are making $3 billion each year 30. When finishing the course, you are promised to_____. A. be a successful publisher C. get one story or article published A. prove she is a good instructor C. show she sold more stories than articles B. become a confident editor D. finish one work for publication B. give her advice on course preparation D. promote the writing program D Cooking food over a smoky fire is found everywhere in the world. It is often difficult to find wood for the fire. People who do not have wood must spend large amounts of money on cooking fuel. However, there is a much easier way to cook food using energy from the sun. Solar cookers, or ovens, have been used for centuries. A Swiss scientist made the first solar oven in 1767. Today, people are using solar cookers in many countries around the world. People use solar ovens to cook food and to heat drinking water to kill bacteria and other harmful organisms. There are three kinds of solar ovens. The first is a box cooker. It is designed with a special wall that shines or reflects sunlight into the box. Heat gets trapped under a piece of glass or plastic covering the top of the cooker. A box oven is effective for slow cooking of large amounts of food. The second kind of solar oven is a panel(嵌板式) cooker. It includes several flat walls, or panels, which directly reflect the sun’s light onto the food. The food is inside a separate container of plastic or glass that traps heat energy. People can build panel cookers quickly and with very few supplies. They do not cost
31. Kristi Holl mentions her experience mainly to_____.
much. In Kenya, for example, panel cookers are being manufactured for just two dollars. The third kind of solar oven is a parabolic(抛物线的) cooker. It has rounded walls that aim sunlight directly into the bottom of the oven. Food cooks quickly in parabolic ovens. However, these cookers are hard to make. They must be re-aimed often to follow the sun. Parabolic cookers can also cause burns and eye injuries if they are not used correctly. You can make solar ovens from boxes or heavy paper. They will not catch fire. Paper burns at 232 degrees Celsius. A solar cooker never gets that hot. Solar ovens cook food at low temperatures over long periods of time. This permits people to leave food to cook while they do other things. To learn more about solar cooking, you can write to Solar Cookers International. The postal address is nineteen-nineteen Twenty-First Street, Sacramento, California, nine-five-eight-one-one, USA. Or you can visit the group’s Internet Web site. The address is www.solarcooking.org. 32.How long is the first solar cookers invented? A. About 1767 years C. More than 250 years A. Development Report C. Health Report 34. Which of the following is TRUE? A. The first sun-cooker was made by a Swiss soldier B. Parabolic cookers can be dangerous sometimes C. Sun-cookers often get hotter than 232℃ D. It is more expensive to cook with a sun-cooker than on fire 35. Which of the following could be the best title of the passage? A. Different Ways of Cooking C. How to Choose Solar Cookers. B. The History of the Solar Cookers. D. Cooking Meals with the Sun for Fuel B. More than 300 years D. Less than 250 years B. Agricultural Report D. Education Report
33. In which of the following column could we find the passage?
第二节 (共5小题;每小题2.5分，满分12.5分) 根据短文内容，从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。 Worry problems are everywhere in our daily life. How to solve them? The answer is that we must equip ourselves to deal with different kinds of worries by learning the three basic steps of problem analysis. The three steps are: Get the facts Why is it so important to get the facts? Unless you have the facts, you can’t possibly attempt to solve your problem intelligently. Without the facts, all you can do is wondering around in confusion. It is not an easy job to get facts. When you are worried, your emotions are riding high. but for some other person. somewhere in between. 38 Whenever you are worried, write down the questions that make you worry. And write out all the various steps you could take and then the probable consequences of each step. For example, what am I
When trying to get the facts, you can pretend that you are collecting this information not for yourself 37 You can also pretend that you are a lawyer preparing to agree. Try to get all the facts both on your side and the other side of the case. You will generally find the truth lies
worrying about? What can I do about it? Here is what I’m going to do about it. After carefully weighing all the facts, you can calmly come to a decision. Act on that decision. 39 How can you break the worry habit before it breaks you? Crowd worry out of your mind 40 If you know a situation by keeping busy. Plenty of action is one of the best ways to cure worry.
is beyond your power, say to yourself: “ It is so; it can’t be otherwise.” Don’t permit little things to ruin your happiness. Try to cultivate a mental attitude that will bring you peace and happiness. A. Accept what can’t be avoided. B. Analyze the facts. C. There comes a time when you must decide and never look back. D. But here are two ideas that can help you see the facts in a clear and objective way. E. Unless you take your action, all your face-finding and analysis is a sheer waste of energy. F. Decide how much anxiety a thing may be worth. G. This will help you to take a cold and fair view of the evidence. 第三部分: 英语知识运用(共两节，满分45分) 第一节 完形填空（共20小题；每小题1.5分，满分30分） 阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出最佳选项，并 在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Dramatic performing is an excellent method of building confidence in children and adults alike. Learning drama allows students to 41 their creativity and have fun while leaving their _____42 43 45 , television and computer games becoming 44 effect on communication. They 46 with others in a , drama puts the children enthusiastic about and worries behind. Drama also works by supporting the growth of imagination and other skills. Entertainment has become rather passive with prevent children communicating with others. more meaningful way 47 more popular. These screen-based methods have had a
communication back into entertainment. Children have the opportunity to allows children to become more moving away from reality to Children gain 52 50 48 aware.
drama encourages speech development , awareness of body language and 49 and
Play and drama are closely linked. When children play a game, they are using their their own story. Drama is a vehicle 51 can express themselves more freely to make education fun.
by understanding that there is no final answer in drama and that their 53 54 to many issues and situations such as have a strong link as drama can 55
opinion and contribution are valued. They are able to poverty, recycling and global warming. Drama and 56 a more rounded education.
children to take an active interest in other subjects such as geography, history and English and so they can As a drama teacher, I have witnessed a child at his first class holding onto his parent’s arm---to let go. Then to see the same child running into my class with a smile is an the opportunity to shine 41. A. explore 59 58 57
sight. Drama 60
installs confidence in children by allowing them to improvise(即兴创作) and excitement. Everyone is given drama. Besides learning the history of the theatre, drama C. expose
dance ,music, and directing, etc. These classes are especially designed to be of great fun. B. express D. experience
42. A. sadness 43. A. drama 44. A. subjective 45. A. Meanwhile 46. A. compete 47. A. before 48. A. socially 49. A. imagination 50. A. believing 51. A. for 52. A. confidence 53. A. reply 54. A. entertainment 55. A. train 56. A. give 57. A. pleased 58. A. imaginary 59. A. within 60. A. links
B. excitement B. movies B. positive B. However B. compare B. though B. mentally B. determination B. creating B. through B. success B. stick B. language B. persuade B. have B. tired B. ordinary B. over B. possesses
C. happiness C. radio C. negative C. Besides C. discuss C. as C. physically C. consideration C. telling C. beyond C. hope C. turn C. education C. require C. continue C. unwilling C. excellent C. above C. applies
D. shyness D. media D. sensitive D. Therefore D. connect D. if D. emotionally D. communication D. reading D. across D. admiration D. respond D. play D. encourage D. provide D. sorry D. odd D. after D. covers
第Ⅱ卷（共 50 分）
注意：将答案写在答题卡上。写在本试卷上无效。 第二节 语法填空 (共10小题；每小题I.5分，满分15分) 阅读下面材料，在空白处填入适当的内容（不多于3个单词）或括号内单词的正确形式。 Great changes have taken place in the countryside in our country. As a child, I lived in a poor family. The second hand clothes, rain-leaking roof of old house became part of my memory. 61. , the worst impression is that I 62. (feel) hungry all the time. Sometimes hunger hit me so severely 63. I regarded dried sweet potato slices as delicious snack. (carry) out, our __
At that time, my dream was getting enough to fill my empty stomach . In the early years of the 1980s, as the reform and opening-up policy 64. dream came true. And then, 65. dream became clearer and clearer in my (succeed) in the national example for I am proud of
mind. I must try my best to escape out of my poor and backward hometown. I worked 66. (hard) at my study than most of my classmates, and , after luckily 67. city. 68.
college entrance examination, I realized my dream again: after graduation, I became a citizen working in a the first college graduate out of a remote village, my success set 69. my folks. They came to realize that schooling is a good way to change one’s fate(命运). In the following years, there were fewer drop-outs and more college graduates in my village, 70. even today. 第四部分 写作（共两节，满分35分） 第一节 短文改错(共10小题；每小题I分，满分10分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文，请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处
语言错误，每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧)，并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改10处，多者(从第11处起)不计分。 My father was the biology professor. When I was young he was used to take me to the biology lab, there I saw pigs, cats and other animals. My father also influenced me through nature walks. He often took me on a walk in the backyard. We would catch frogs, snakes and firefly. He seemed know everything about wildlife. Eighteen years later, think about my father and his influence on my life, I feel very luckily. I am grateful that I got the chance to learn from her. He helps me develop my interest in all that was alive and sometimes dead around me. 第二节：书面表达（满分25分） 假设你是新华中学高三学生李华，进入高三后你的朋友William感到压力很大，学习效果甚微， 请你给他写一封电子邮件，帮助他放松身心，提高学习效率。 内容要点： 1. 快乐学习，保持愉快的心情； 2. 积极参加体育活动，听听歌曲音乐； 3. 多与同学交流，互相鼓励。 注意： 1. 开头和结尾已经为你写好,词数100词左右。 2. 可适当增加细节，以使行文连贯。 Dear William, Recently, I have heard that you feel stressed as a student of Senior Three. ______________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ Best wishes! Yours, Li Hua
2015 届 高 三 年 级 第 一 次 四 校 联 考 英 语 试 题 参考答案
第一节（共5小题；每小题1.5分，满分7.5分） 听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应 位置。听完每段对话后，你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
M: Jane, you are a teacher. How about your sister? W: She’s a doctor. But she used to be a nurse. Text 2 W: How did you get here? M: I came here by bus. There’s something wrong with my car. Text 3 M: Excuse me, Jane, may I have my dictionary back? W: Sorry, Jack. Mary is using it now. Text 4 M: We don’t have to hurry. The train will leave in an hour and a half. W: But it’s already nine o’clock and it’ll take us an hour to get to the station. Text 5 M: Would you mind turning down the TV? W: Pardon? I can’t hear you. M: Would you mind turning down the TV? I’m answering the phone. W: Not at all. 第二节（共15小题；每小题1.5分，满分22.5分）
听下面5段对话。每段对话后有几个小题，从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应 位置。听每段对话前，你将有时间阅读各个小题，每小题5秒钟；听完后，各小题给出5秒钟的做答时间。每段对话读 两遍。 听下面一段对话，回答第6和第7两个小题。现在你有10秒钟的时间阅读这两个小题。
Text 6 M: It’s Sunday again. Any plan for today? W: I am thinking of calling on Lisa. I haven’t seen her for a long time. And you? M: I’m not sure yet. Maybe we can visit Lucy together. W: I have been planning to call on her. ⑥Why don’t you give Lisa a call and see if she’d like to go over to Lucy’s with us? M: ⑥All right. We can play games, watch TV and enjoy ourselves a lot. W: Remember, ⑦Lucy has just given birth to a baby and she needs rest. So we cannot make much noise. M: Yes, that’s right.
Text 7 M: Ted Harris. W: Ah, it’s Diana Shaw. M: How are things going? W: Fine. M: I’m ringing about Mr Brown’s visit. Has he arrived？ W: Yes. He arrived yesterday morning. I picked him up at the airport. M: ⑧Ah, have you shown him around the company? W: Yes, I have. ⑧I did that yesterday afternoon. M: And he’s met the marketing manager? W: Yes, they met in the morning and they had lunch together. M: Right, how about the meeting with the quality manager? Have you arranged the meeting? W: No, I’m afraid not. ⑨You see, the quality manager went to the factory yesterday. I’ll do that as soon as I can.
Text 8 M: What can I do for you, madam? W: My son is going to have his 9th birthday party at home. I’d like to get him a gift. M: What price of gift are you interested in? We’ll need to know that before we begin looking. W: ⑩Well, I usually spend about 20 dollars on a gift. Do you have anything nice for that price? M: How about a pen and a pencil box? W: No. He’s good enough to write a book himself. He’s a good player of PC games. M: Then you can get him this cartoon book. I’m sure he will be interested in it. W: Good idea. I’ll take it.
Text 9 M: How was your shopping trip with Jane? W: Don’t ask me. M: What happened? Did something go wrong? W: Everything went wrong. Jane’s car broke down on her way to the department store and she was half an hour late. Then she thought I had said we would meet at the main entrance of the department but I had really said at the east entrance. M: Well, did you ever get together? W: Yes, but it’s a wonder that we did. I had given up waiting and had gone inside the women’s clothing department. She had done the same thing. We met by accident. M: Did you get what you wanted? I remember you said you wanted to get a sweater or was it a dress? W: Neither. I wanted a T-shirt. But by that time, the ones on sale were all gone. So I bought one at the regular price. And you know what? Jane didn’t buy anything!
Text 10 M: Hello, everyone. Now we are glad to have Sarah Park to share her traveling experience. W: Hello, I’m Sarah Park. As a photographer I have always loved to travel. The first place I visited was Africa. In Africa, there was no running water or toilets, but that did not matter to me. I loved the excitement of seeing animals run freely in the wild. It was so much fun. I still remember the adventure of camping when I was on Safari. Besides Africa, I have visited many other lands, such as Spain, Italy, Scotland, Japan and Indonesia. People often ask me why I love to travel. How could anyone not love traveling? There is such an attraction in seeing new things, meeting new people and tasting new foods. However, I will admit traveling is very expensive. There are so many costs of traveling. I have to pay for the hotel room and food. Also, tourist attractions are usually expensive. Although I complain about the high cost of traveling, I wouldn’t choose to spend my money any other ways. 听力 1----5 CABCB 6---10 CBBBA 11-15 ACCBA 16-20 CABAA 阅读 21-25 BDABC 26-30 CABBC 31-35 DDABD 36-40 DGBEA 完型 41-45 ADBCB 46-50 DCAAB 51-55 BADCD 56-60 BCCAD
61. However 66.harder
62.was feeling 67. succeeding
64.was carried 69. an
65. another 70. which
My father was the biology professor. When I was young he was used to a was去掉
take me to the biology lab, there I saw pigs, cats and other animals. My where father also influenced me through nature walks. He often took me on a for walk in the backyard. We will catch frogs, snakes and firefly. fireflies He seemed∧ know everything about wildlife. Eighteen to years later, think about my father and his influence on my life, I feel very thinking luckily. I am grateful that I got the chance to learn from her. He helps me lucky him helped develop my interest in all that was alive and sometimes dead around me.
Dear William, Recently, I have heard that you feel stressed as a student of Senior Three. Here is some advice on how to study effectively. First of all, learn in a relaxing way. This will remove our pressure, making study an easy job. Another way to keep up our spirits is to take part in sports. Not only does exercise build up the body, but also it provides us time to relax and fresh our mind, making us memorize things faster and longer. Music, too, is another effective means of refreshing and helping us concentrate better. Last but not least, we should exchange ideas with our classmates. Through the communication we can find support, which will encourge us to overcome difficulties in our study. Hope these can benefit you. Best wishes! Yours, Li Hua